You are on page 1of 5

Page 1 of 5

STORAGE TANKS ONLINE COURSE, Part III:

CASE STUDIES MODULE 03:

SINGLE DECK ROOF - FLOTABILITY & STRESSES

EQUIPMENT: TK-01
Tank Design Page 2 of 5

API 650 12th Edition


TK-01 Floating Roof Design - Single Deck Pontoon Flotability

1 Design Conditions
2 50 T [ºC] - Design Temperature
3 700 L [kg/m3] - density of product
4 1000 w [kg/m3] - density of water
5 3.0 CAr [mm] - roof CA

6 Tank Dimensions:
7 39000 D [mm] - Nominal Diameter
8 20700 H [mm] - Tank Height

9 Material and Conditions:


10 A516M 450 Roof plate material
11 160 Sd [MPa] - product design stress
12 240 Fy [MPa] - plate yield strength
13 210000 E [MPa] - modulus of Elasticity
14 0.3 v [dless] - Poisson's ratio
15 7850 p [kg/m3] - density of plate

16 Pontoon Configuration:
17 900 Hor [mm] - outer rim height
18 500 Hir [mm] - inner rim height
19 2100 w [mm] - pontoon width
20 20 N [-] - nr. of compartments
21 200 gap [mm] - shell / roof gap
22 38600 Øor [mm] - outer rim diameter
23 34400 Øir [mm] - inner rim diameter
24 8 Tor [mm] - outer rim thickness
25 16 Tir [mm] - inner rim thickness
26 8 Ttp [mm] - top pontoon thickness
27 8 Tbp [mm] - bottom pontoon thickness
28 8 Td [mm] - deck thickness
29 0.90 top [degres] - top plate angle (slope 1:64)
30 9.47 bot [degres] - bottom plate angle (slope 1:6)

31 Weight Calculation:
32 Wtp [kg] = Pontoon top plate weight ~~ geometrical calc = 15122
33 Wtb [kg] = Pontoon bottom plate weight~~ geometrical calc = 15122
34 Wir [kg] = Inner ring plate weight ~~ geometrical calc = 6854
35 Wor [kg] = Outer ring plate weight ~~ geometrical calc = 6787
36 Wp [kg] = Pontoon weight~~ Including extra 25% weight to account for bulkheads and ribs = 54857
37 Wd [kg] = Deck plate weight ~~ geometrical calc = 58367

38 Wr [kg] = Total roof weight = Wp + Wd~~ geometrical calc = 113224


Page 3 of 5

Deck & Pontoon standalone effects Deck & Pontoon combined effects

1 Volume Caculation:
2 h1 [mm] = tg (bot)* w~~ height of pontoon bottom plate = 345.0
3 h2 [mm] = Hir~~ height of pontoon middle section = 500.0
4 h3 [mm] = tg (top)* w~~ height of pooton top plate = 35.0
5 V1 [m3] = Volume 1 - Backslope~~ Pontoon bottom section volume = 41.1
6 V2 [m3] = Volume 2 - Miidle Section~~ Pontoon middle section volume = 119.1
7 V3 3
[m ] = Volume 3 - Topslope~~ Pontoon top section volume = 4.2

8 V 3
[m ] = Total pontoon volume~~ sum of all three volumes = 164.3

9 Deck operation flotation level - deck weight only:


10 Ddeck [mm] = ρp / ρL x Td~ flotation depth of deck on a product of sg=0,7 = 89.7

11 Pontoon operation flotation level - pontoon weight only:


12 VPdisp [m3] = Wp / ρL~ volume of product displaced by the pontoon = 78.4
2 2
13 V2cs 2
[m ] = π / 4 * (øor - øir )~ cross section of pontoon middle section (V2) = 0.24
14 Dpontoon [mm] = (VPdisp - V1) / V2cs~ flotation depth of pontoon from inner corner of pontoon = 154.9

15 Hdp [mm] = Dpontoon - Ddeck~ height diff between pontoon and deck level = 65.2

16 Roof normal operation flotation level - pontoon & deck combined weight:
17 Vrdisp [m3] = Wr / ρL~ total volume of product displaced by the roof = 161.7
18 V1disp 3
[m ] = V1~ volume displaced by the backslope = 41.07
19 Va [m3] = V2 * (Hdp /Hir)~ partial Volume displaced in pontoon below the deck level = 15.52
20 Vb 3
[m ] = Vrdisp - V1 - Va~ volume displaced by the deck = 105.16
21 Adeck [m2] = π / 4 * øir2~ deck area = 929.41

22 Hfn [mm] = Vb / Adeck~ flotation height above deck = 113.1

23 Roof flotation level rain case - pontoon + deck + 254mm of accumulated rain water:
24 Vrain [m3] = Adeck * Hrain~ total volume of rain water collected at the deck = 236.1
25 Hrain [m] = 10" ~ Rain accumulation in 24hs = 0.254
26 VRdisp [m3] = (Wr + Wrain) / ρL~ total volume of product displaced by the roof + rain water = 498.99
27 Wrain [kg] = Vrain * ρw~weight of rain accumulation = 236,070
28 Aroof [m2] = π / 4 * øor2~ roof area = 1,170.21

29 Hfr [mm] = (VRdisp -V1 - Va) / Aroof~ flotation height above deck = 378.1

30 Flotation Check
31 Check Hfr = Hfr ≤ Hor 378.1 < 900 = Acceptable
Tank Design Page 4 of 5

API 650 12th Edition


TK-01 Floating Roof Design - Single Deck Stress Verification

1 Stresses and Deflection in the Deck


2 Case 1: Deck weight - No Pontoon Puctured - No Rain Accumulated

3 To determine the Stresses and Deflection of the Deck refer to


"Roarks Formulas For Stress and Strain", 7th Edition. The
equations on the right correspond to circular plates under
distributed loads producing large deflections. It is required
to obtain the induced stress ( and the maximum
deflexion (y).

4 q1 [kN/mm2] = Td * (ρp - ρL)~ Unit lateral pressure (equiv. weight of deck that float on product) = 0.572
5 α [mm] = Øir / 2~~ Outer radius of the deck plate = 17200

6 Condition: Fixed and held - Uniform pressure q over entire plate

7 K1 [dless] = 5.33 / (1-v2)~ Constant for the Fixed and Held Condition = 5.86
8 K2 [dless] = 2.6 / (1-v2)~ Constant for the Fixed and Held Condition = 2.86
9 K3 [dless] = 2 / (1-v) - At the centre~ Constant for the Fixed and Held condition = 2.86
10 K4 [dless] = 0.976 - At the centre~ Constant for the Fixed and Held condition = 0.976
11 K3 [dless] = 4 / (1-v2) - At the edge~ Constant for the Fixed and Held condition = 4.40
12 K4 [dless] = 1.73 - At the edge~ Constant for the Fixed and Held condition = 1.73

13 Eq 11.11-1 - Maximum deflection y

14 y [mm] = maximum deflection~~ Iterative calculation - Introduce a value = 218.6


4 4
15 Left eq. [mm] = q1*α / E*Td ~~ Left side of the equation = 58201
16 Right eq. [mm] = K1 * (y/Td) + K2 * (y/Td)3~~ Right side of the equation = 58453

17 Eq 11.11-2 - Stresses

18  [MPa] = max (c;e)~~ maximum stress = 64.2

19 c [MPa] = Eqc * E * Td2 / 2~~ stress due to flexure and diaphragm tension combined at centre = 36.65
20 e [MPa] = Eqe * E * Td2 / 2~~ stress due to flexure and diaphragm tension combined at edge = 64.20
21 Eqc [mm] = K3 * (y/Td) + K4 * (y/Td)2 - K3/K4 at centre~~ Right side of the equation = 806.8
22 Eqe [mm] = K3 * (y/Td) + K4 * (y/Td)2 - K3/K4 at edge~~ Right side of the equation = 1411.8

23 Check  =  ≤ S 64.2 < 160 = Acceptable

24 Radial force on the inner rim

25 Rh1 [N/mm] =  * Td~~ Iradial force on the inner rim = 513.6


Page 5 of 5

1 Case 2: Deck Weight - No Pontoon Puctured - 25omm of Rain Accumulated

2 To determine the Stresses and Deflection of the Deck refer to


"Roarks Formulas For Stress and Strain", 7th Edition. The
equations on the right correspond to circular plates under
distributed loads producing large deflections. It is required
to obtain the induced stress ( and the maximum
deflexion (y).

3 q2 [kN/mm2] = Dl - Ul / Adeck~net downward force acting on deck = 0.531

4 Ul [kg] = Adeck * Hfr *L~upward bouyant load = 245987


5 Dl [kg] = Wdeck + Wrain~downward load due to deck weight + rain water = 294437

6 Condition: Fixed and held - Uniform pressure q over entire plate

7 K1 [dless] = 5.33 / (1-v2)~ Constant for the Fixed and Held Condition = 5.86
2
8 K2 [dless] = 2.6 / (1-v )~ Constant for the Fixed and Held Condition = 2.86
9 K3 [dless] = 2 / (1-v) - At the centre~ Constant for the Fixed and Held condition = 2.86
10 K4 [dless] = 0.976 - At the centre~ Constant for the Fixed and Held condition = 0.976
2
11 K3 [dless] = 4 / (1-v ) - At the edge~ Constant for the Fixed and Held condition = 4.40
12 K4 [dless] = 1.73 - At the edge~ Constant for the Fixed and Held condition = 1.730

13 Eq 11.11-1 - Maximum deflection y

14 y [mm] = maximum deflection~~ Iterative calculation = 213.0

15 Left eq. [mm] = q2*α4 / E*Td4~~ Left side of the equation = 54070
16 Right eq. [mm] = K1 * (y/Td) + K2 * (y/Td)3~~ Right side of the equation = 54082

17 Eq 11.11-2 - Stresses

18  [MPa] = max (c;e)~~ maximum stress = 61.10

19 c [MPa] = Eqc * E * Td2 / 2~~ stress due to flexure and diaphragm tension combined at centre = 34.89
20 e [MPa] = Eqe * E * Td2 / 2~~ stress due to flexure and diaphragm tension combined at edge = 61.10
21 Eqc [mm] = K3 * (y/Td) + K4 * (y/Td)2 - K3/K4 at centre~~ Right side of the equation = 767.9
2
22 Eqe [mm] = K3 * (y/Td) + K4 * (y/Td) - K3/K4 at edge~~ Right side of the equation = 1343.4

23 Check  =  ≤ S 61.1 < 160 = Acceptable

24 Radial force on the inner rim

25 Rh2 [N/mm] =  * Td~~ Iradial force on the inner rim = 488.80