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THE NATURE OF DANCES SPACE - the area of the performers and where they move.

> Direction – the travel of dance movements


WHAT? > Size – the measure of the movements
- is an expression of the body. > Level – the extension of the movements
- following rhythmic patterns, and is usually accompanied > Focus – the variety of the directions
by music.
- During the primitive time, dance has been a way of people DIRECTION
in expressing: Festivity, Rituals, Birth & Death, and; Or > Tempo - the way on how the movements is being
any occasions in life executed
- Dance pioneered in Greece, originally an aid to military > Beat/ Pulse- the sound that leads the tempo.
education among the boys
DANCE ENERGIES - the movements are performed by
WHO? force or energy in any of the six qualities.
> Plato, Aristotle and Socrates - advocates of artistry in > Sustained – movements are done smoothly,
dance as an integration of the body and soul. continuously, and with flow and control that doesn’t have
> Ancient Roman - slaves was used as interpreter of dance; an ending or beginning.
the term used to them “entertainers”. > Percussive – movements are explosive or sharp in
> Catholic Church - had the idea and popularized dance as contrast with sustained movement. They have a clear
a form of “worship.” beginning and ending.
> Vibratory – movements consist of trembling and shaking
WHY? - beneficial in human aspects > .Swinging – movements trace curved line or an arc in
space.
PHYSICAL
> Suspended – movements are perched in space or hanging
- Develops cardiovascular and muscular endurance.
in air.
- Improves coordination, balance, flexibility, and body
> Collapsing – movements are released in tension, and
composition.
gradually giving in to gravity.
- Lower risk of cardiovascular diseases.
- Enables joint mobility. BODILY SHAPES - refers to the entire body is molded in
- Helps recover coordination and neuromuscular skills space or the configuration of body parts.
after injury. > Symmetrical – balanced shape, movements are
practically identical or similar on both sides.
MENTAL/EMOTIONAL
> Asymmetrical – unbalanced shape; movements of two
- Helps keep the brain sharp.
sides of the body do not match or completely different from
- Decreases depressive symptoms.
each other.
- Increase self-esteem and improves body image.
- Aids in releasing emotional and physical tension. FUNDAMENTAL ARMS AND FEET POSITIONS
SOCIAL Introduction: Just like the athletes, dancers also have to
- Gives sense of togetherness within a group. learn the basics of dancing. In dancing folk dance, it is best
- Encourage positive social interpersonal relationship in a to learn the fundamental arms and feet positions to easily
group. execute the dance step patterns.
- Contributes to the individual’s potential for self
actualization in society.

CULTURAL
- Promotes cultural values.
- It is looking through at the different dances of other
countries will one see the value of one’s culture.

ELEMENTS OF DANCE

- Space - Dance Energies - Group Shapes


- Timing - Bodily Shapes

Anne Fortes
SOCIAL DANCE

DANCE SPORT
- A combination of art and sport.
- Also called as competitive ballroom dancing in the past
- Goes with partners (male and female) competing against
other partners dancing on the floor at one time
- Provides an avenue to gain discipline of the body and
mind of the dance athletes

LATIN AMERICAN MODERN STANDARD


DANCES DANCES
- Salsa - Paso Doble - Waltz - Quickstep
- Mambo - Jive - Tango
- Samba - Cha-Cha-Cha - Viennese Waltz
- Rumba - Slow Foxtrot

WALTZ
- Introduced in England in 1874
- Became fashionable as tango in 1922
- Standardized by imperial society of teachers of dancing
(istd)
- Time signature: three-four with the 1st beat accented
- Each step – 1 beat
- Counting in beats and bars – 123,123,123,123

TANGO
- First danced in Europe before world war I.
- Originates from Buenos Aires Argentina
- First danced in “barrio de las ranas”
- Time signature – two-four with both beats accented
- Slow count – 1 beat. “quick” count = ½ beat
- Counting in beats and bars – 1&2&2, 2&2&2

FOXTROT
- Named after american performer harry fox which was
premiered in 1914
- Time signature – four-four with the first and third beats
accented
- Slow count = 2 beats. “quick” counts = 1 beat
- Countings: 1234, 2234, 3234, 4234

QUICKSTEP
- Developed during wwi in New York and became popular
in ballrooms.
- Common origin as the of the foxtrot
- Time signature – four-four with the first and third beats
accented
- Slow counts = 2 beats. “quick” count = 1 beat
- Counting: 1234, 2234, 3234, 4234

Anne Fortes
VIETNAMESE WALTZ
- Known to be born in the modest outskirts of Austria and
Bavaria
- Time signature: six-eight with the first beat accented
PROMENADE POSITION
- Counting: 123, 223, 323, 423

CHA-CHA-CHA
- New comer in Latin American dances
- Origin in 1950’s
- Time signature: four-four with accented beat on the first
and fourth of each bar
- Counting in beats 2,3,4, and 1. Count
CLOSED POSITION
SAMBA
- National dance of brazil
- Originated in africa
- Danced during carnival time
- Time signature: two-four with musical accent on the first
beat and percussive accent on the second beat OPEN POSITION
- Contrasting rhythms: 1 2, 1 a 2, 1 a 2 a 1 a 2,

PASO DOBLE
- Means “Double Step”
- Originated in Spain and inspired in Bullfightin
- Time signature: two-four with an accent on the first beat
of each bar
- Counting in beats 1 2. Count 1 = 1 beat. Count 2 = 1 beat

JIVE
- Means “Jitterbug” from America
- The popularity of this dance form coincided with that of
rock and roll
CHA-CHA-CHA ROUTINE
- Time signature: four-four with an accent on the first beat
- Basic Movements (Rock Step)
second beat and fourth beat of each bar
- Chasse
- Counting 123a4 3a4. Count 1=1 beat. Count 2 =1 beat.
- New York
Count 3= ¾ beat. Count a = ¼ beat. Count 4= 1 beat
- Spot Turns To Left Or Rights
- Alemana

OPTIONAL FOR PERFORMANCE TASKS


- Shoulder To Shoulder
OPEN FACING POSITION - Hand To Hand
- Three Chachachas
Side Steps
- There And Back
- Time Steps

OUTSIDE PARTNER
POSITION

Anne Fortes