THE TABLES

THE TABLES

You are allowed to use the official Department of Education table book in the exam hall. There is a lot of information in this book that you do not need. The information on the following pages has been extracted from the official table book and is exactly what you need for the Leaving Cert. Honours Maths papers.

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THE TABLES PAGE 6 & 7 OF THE TABLES CIRCLE r r θ SECTOR Length = 2π r Area = π r 2 Length = rθ (θ in radians) Area = 1 r 2θ (θ in radians) 2 TRIANGLE b C Area = 1 ah 2 1 2 PARALLELOGRAM c h a b C h a Area = ab sin C Area = ah Area = ab sin C CYLINDER r CONE h l r h r Area of curved surface = 2π rh Volume = π r 2 h Curved surface area = π rl Volume = 1 π r 2 h 3 SPHERE Area of surface = 4π r 2 4 Volume = 3 π r 3 137 .

sin A) cosec A = -1 1 -1 A A cos A 0 π 180o −1 π 2 π 3 π 4 π 6 [Radians] 0o 1 0 0 90o 0 1 ∞ 60o 1 2 45o 1 2 1 2 30o [Degrees] 3 2 sin A tan A 0 0 3 2 1 2 1 3 3 1 This is how you deal with negative angles. c B A b C Sine formula: a b c = = sin A sin B sin C Cosine formula: a 2 = b 2 + c 2 − 2bc cos A a Compound Angle formulae cos( A + B) = cos A cos B − sin A sin B sin( A + B) = sin A cos B + cos A sin B tan( A + B) = tan A + tan B 1 − tan A tan B The formulae for cos( A − B).THE TABLES PAGE 9 OF THE TABLES There are 6 trig functions. You need to be able to prove cos( A ± B) and sin( A ± B). cos 2 A + sin 2 A = 1 [Prove] sin A tan A = cos A 1 sec A = 1 + tan A = cos 2 A 1 cot A = tan A 2 2 sec A = 1 cos A 1 sin A 1 sin A A cos A (cos A. cos(− A) = cos A sin(− A) = − sin A tan(− A) = − tan A Use the Sine and Cosine rules to solve triangles. They can all be written in terms of sine and cosine. 138 . sin( A − B). tan( A − B) can be obtained by changing the signs in these formulae.

sin A + sin B = 2 sin( A + B ) cos( A − B ) 2 2 sin A − sin B = 2 cos( A + B ) sin( A − B ) 2 2 cos A + cos B = 2 cos( A + B ) cos( A − B ) 2 2 cos A − cos B = −2 sin( A + B ) sin( A − B ) 2 2 De Moivre’s Therorem (cos θ + i sin θ ) n = cos nθ + i sin nθ 139 . 2 cos A cos B = cos( A + B ) + cos( A − B) 2sin A cos B = sin( A + B) + sin( A − B) 2sin A sin B = cos( A − B) − cos( A + B) 2 cos A sin B = sin( A + B) − sin( A − B) Used to change sums into products. cos 2 A = 1 (1 + cos 2 A) 2 sin 2 A = 1 (1 − cos 2 A) 2 Used to change products to sums. cos 2 A = cos 2 A − sin 2 A sin 2 A = 2 sin A cos A 2 tan A tan 2 A = 1 − tan 2 A sin 2 A = 2 tan A 1 + tan 2 A cos 2 A = 1 − tan 2 A 1 + tan 2 A Use these when integrating trig squares.THE TABLES These formulae are obtained by replacing B by A in the compound angle formulae. useful when solving trig equations. useful when integrating products of trig functions.

dy dv du =u +v dx dx dx v dv du −u dx dx v2 Integration by parts: u dy = y= .THE TABLES PAGE 41 & 42 OF THE TABLES DIFFERENTIATION f ( x) f ′( x) ≡ d [ f ( x)] dx INTEGRATION We take a > 0 and omit constants of integration. f ( x) xn ln x cos x nx n−1 1 x − sin x cos x ∫ f ( x) dx x n+1 n +1 ln x x n (n ≠ −1) 1 x cos x sin x tan x sec x cosec x cot x sec 2 x sec x tan x − cosec x cot x − cosec 2 x ex ae ax 1 a − x2 2 sin x sin x − cos x tan x ex ln sec x ex ex e ax sin −1 x a e ax 1 a − x2 2 1 ax e a sin −1 x a tan −1 x a a a + x2 2 1 a + x2 2 x 1 tan −1 a a 1 2 1 2 Products and Quotients: cos 2 x sin 2 x [ x + 1 sin 2 x] 2 [ x − 1 sin 2 x] 2 y = uv. v dx ∫ u dv = uv − ∫ v du 140 .

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