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THE TABLES

THE TABLES

You are allowed to use the official Department of Education table


book in the exam hall. There is a lot of information in this book that
you do not need. The information on the following pages has been
extracted from the official table book and is exactly what you need
for the Leaving Cert. Honours Maths papers.

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THE TABLES

PAGE 6 & 7 OF THE TABLES


CIRCLE SECTOR

r
r θ

Length = 2π r Length = rθ (θ in radians)


Area = π r 2 Area = 12 r 2θ (θ in radians)

TRIANGLE PARALLELOGRAM

b c b
h h

C C
a a
Area = 12 ah Area = ah
Area = ab sin C
1
2 Area = ab sin C

CYLINDER CONE
r
h l
h
r
r

Area of curved surface = 2π rh Curved surface area = π rl


Volume = π r 2 h Volume = 13 π r 2 h

SPHERE
Area of surface = 4π r 2
Volume = 34 π r 3

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THE TABLES

PAGE 9 OF THE TABLES

There are 6 trig functions. They can all be written in terms of sine and cosine.

cos 2 A + sin 2 A = 1 [Prove] 1


sec A = 1
sin A cos A sin A (cos A, sin A)
tan A =
cos A 1 A
cosec A =
1 sin A -1 cos A 1
sec A = 1 + tan A =
2 2

cos 2 A
1 -1
cot A =
tan A

π π π π π
A 0 2 3 4 6
[Radians]

A 0o 180o 90o 60o 45o 30o [Degrees]

cos A 1 1
1 −1 0 2 2 2
3

3 1 1
sin A 0 0 1 2 2 2

1
tan A 0 0 ∞ 3 1
3

This is how you deal with negative angles.

cos(− A) = cos A sin(− A) = − sin A tan(− A) = − tan A

Use the Sine and Cosine rules to solve triangles.

A a b c
Sine formula: = =
c b sin A sin B sin C

B C Cosine formula: a 2 = b 2 + c 2 − 2bc cos A


a
Compound Angle formulae

cos( A + B) = cos A cos B − sin A sin B


The formulae for cos( A − B), sin( A − B),
sin( A + B) = sin A cos B + cos A sin B tan( A − B) can be obtained by changing the
tan A + tan B signs in these formulae. You need to be able to
tan( A + B) =
1 − tan A tan B prove cos( A ± B) and sin( A ± B).

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THE TABLES

cos 2 A = cos 2 A − sin 2 A


These formulae are obtained
by replacing B by A in the sin 2 A = 2 sin A cos A
compound angle formulae. 2 tan A
tan 2 A =
1 − tan 2 A

1 − tan 2 A 2 tan A
cos 2 A = sin 2 A =
1 + tan 2 A 1 + tan 2 A

Use these when integrating trig squares.

cos 2 A = 12 (1 + cos 2 A) sin 2 A = 12 (1 − cos 2 A)

Used to change products to sums, useful when integrating products of trig functions.

2 cos A cos B = cos( A + B ) + cos( A − B)

2sin A cos B = sin( A + B) + sin( A − B)

2sin A sin B = cos( A − B) − cos( A + B)

2 cos A sin B = sin( A + B) − sin( A − B)

Used to change sums into products, useful when solving trig equations.

sin A + sin B = 2 sin( A +2 B ) cos( A −2 B )

sin A − sin B = 2 cos( A +2 B ) sin( A −2 B )

cos A + cos B = 2 cos( A +2 B ) cos( A −2 B )

cos A − cos B = −2 sin( A +2 B ) sin( A −2 B )

De Moivre’s Therorem

(cos θ + i sin θ ) n = cos nθ + i sin nθ

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THE TABLES

PAGE 41 & 42 OF THE TABLES

DIFFERENTIATION INTEGRATION
d We take a > 0 and omit constants of
f ( x) f ′( x) ≡ [ f ( x)]
dx integration.
xn nx n−1 f ( x) ∫ f ( x) dx
1 x n+1
ln x x x n (n ≠ −1)
n +1
cos x − sin x
1
sin x cos x ln x
x
tan x sec 2 x cos x sin x
sec x sec x tan x
sin x − cos x
cosec x − cosec x cot x
tan x ln sec x
cot x − cosec 2 x
ex ex ex ex

e ax ae ax 1 ax
e ax e
a
x 1
sin −1 1
a a − x2
2 x
sin −1
a − x2
2
a
x a
tan −1
a a + x2
2
1 1 x
tan −1
a + x2
2
a a
Products and Quotients: cos 2 x
1
[ x + 12 sin 2 x]
2
dy dv du
y = uv; =u +v sin 2 x
1
2
[ x − 12 sin 2 x]
dx dx dx
du dv Integration by parts:
v −u
u dy dx dx
y= ;
v dx
=
v2 ∫ u dv = uv − ∫ v du

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