You are on page 1of 10

REFERENCE NO: 035

ISSUE DATE: FEBRUARY 2012


SIRIM ECO-LABELLING SCHEME

CRITERIA DOCUMENT FOR

CARPET

© Copyright 2012, SIRIM Berhad


SIRIM ECO-LABELLING SCHEME – CRITERIA DOCUMENTS

© Copyright 2012, SIRIM Berhad

All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a


retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical,
photocopying, recording or other wise, without the prior permission of SIRIM Berhad.
... Make Businesses Compete Better Through Quality and Technology Innovations

FOREWORD

This is one of the series of Eco-labelling Criteria documents developed by SIRIM Berhad to
support implementation of labelling for environmentally preferred products in Malaysia. It is
noted that a need for environmental labelling service has been identified by Malaysian Industry
to respond to request from both domestic and foreign purchasers. The Eco-labelling Criteria
for Carpet contained in this document has been established by researchers from the
Environmental Technology Research Centre within the Research & Technology Division of
SIRIM in consultation with industry and other stake holders. Globally established concepts for
labelling and international standards have been taken into consideration in developing the
criteria. Evaluation methodologies selected in the criteria document are generally adopted from
international or other recognized standards.

A full listing of the references is included in the text of the criteria.

This criteria document was reviewed and recommended for adoption as an interim document
by a Pro Tem Committee Members established by SIRIM Berhad. The criteria established will
be subject to periodic review to reflect changing needs and conditions. Users and other
interested parties may submit comment on the contents of this document for incorporation into
future versions. As a longer term objective, the committee has proposed that the criteria be
submitted for approval and publication as Malaysian Standards through the established
processes.

Pro Tem Committee:

Chairman
Dr. Chen Sau Soon, Senior General Manager, Environmental Technology Research Centre,
SIRIM Berhad

Technical Author
Ms. Siti Aishah Asmah Yusob, Senior Researcher, Environmental Technology Research
Centre, SIRIM Berhad

Members:
1. Mr. Ong Cheng Hoong, Paragon Carpetmaker Sdn. Bhd.
2. Mr. Kenny Lee, Paragon Carpet Distributor Sdn. Bhd.
3. Mr. Radhakrishnan, Peninsular Carpet Manufacturing Sdn. Bhd.
4. Ms. Seriah Dollah, WSA Group-CIM Distribution (CIMD) Sdn. Bhd.
5. Ms. Ailing Yap, United Carpet Sdn. Bhd.
6. Mr. Abdul Rahim Wasik, Product Certification Section, SIRIM QAS.
7. Ms. Siti Rafzah Saari, Environmental Technology Research Centre, SIRIM Berhad

1
... Make Businesses Compete Better Through Quality and Technology Innovations

ECO-LABELLING CRITERIA FOR CARPET

1. SCOPE

A carpet is a textile floor covering consisting of an upper layer of ‘pile’ attached to a


backing. The pile is generally either made from wool or manmade fibre such as
polypropylene, and usually consists of twisted tufts which are often heat-treated to
maintain their structure. Carpet can be made from many single or blended natural and
synthetic fibres. Fibres are chosen for durability, appearance, ease of manufacture, and
cost. Some processes during carpet manufacturing involve the use of hazardous substances,
such as, insecticides, glues, and dyes. Inappropriate handling and disposal of these
materials can result in environmental impacts.

The objective of this criteria document in particular is to minimise environmental effects


arising from the manufacture and use of natural fibre carpet and synthetic carpet.

This criteria is applicable to the following categories of carpet:

Natural Fibre Carpet

• Blended wool or natural fibre carpets where the pile is at least 80% pure virgin wool or
other natural fibres.

Synthetic Carpet

• Synthetic carpets where the pile is at least 80% synthetic fibres such as nylon, nylon
blends, olefin (polypropylene), polyester (PET) and acrylic.

Both types of carpets can be installed indoor or outdoor, includes other applications such as
for automotive, aeroplanes, wall coverings and other carpet applications not mention here.

2
... Make Businesses Compete Better Through Quality and Technology Innovations

2. DEFINITION

2.1 For the purpose of this criteria document, the following definitions apply:

2.1.1 Pile
The visible surface of carpet consisting of yarn tufts in loop and/or cut configuration.
Sometimes called “face” or “nap”.

2.1.2 Carpet
Heavy functional and ornamental floor coverings consisting of pile yarns or fibres and
a backing system. They may be tufted or woven.

2.1.3 Fibre
It is a natural or artificial material of any substance which can be made into yarn with a
very high aspect ratio. That is, lengths hundreds to thousands of times greater than their
widths. Useful textile fibres have high tensile strengths, flexibility, and in the case of
polymer (synthetic) yarns, resistance to heat, light, chemical, and abrasives.

2.1.4 Volatile Organic Compound (VOC)


VOC is any organic compound which participates in atmospheric photochemical
reactions. VOCs in indoor air refer to any volatile carbon containing compounds
[excluding carbon dioxide (CO2) and carbon monoxide (CO)].

2.1.5 Natural Fibre


Fibre obtained from animal, vegetable or mineral sources, as opposed to those
regenerated or synthesized from chemicals such as silk, cotton, jute, hemp and viscose.

2.1.6 Blended Wool

Wool blended with synthetic fibres such as nylon where the durability of wool is
increased. Blended wool yarns are extensively used in production of modern carpet, with
the most common blend being 80% wool to 20% synthetic fibre, giving rise to the term
"80/20".

3
... Make Businesses Compete Better Through Quality and Technology Innovations

3. CRITERIA FOR CERTIFICATION

3.1 General Requirements


(applicable to Natural Fibre Carpet and Synthetic Carpet)

3.1.1 The product shall comply to the performance requirement of relevant national standard
or other recognized international standards for its intended application.

3.1.2 The product shall carry a minimum 5 year manufacturer’s warranty under the
terms stipulated by the manufacturer.

3.2 Environmental Requirement

3.2.1 Source of Fibres

3.2.1.1 Source of wool or natural fibre shall be from a recognised local or international
supplier who ensure that regulated substances banned from consumer products
shall not be used in the production of the wool/blended wool or other natural
fibre carpet. The supplier shall maintain a good environmental management
programme that is traceable and auditable (applicable to Natural Fibre Carpet).

3.2.1.2 Source of synthetic fibre shall be from a recognised local or international supplier
who ensure that regulated substances banned from consumer products shall not
be used in the production of the synthetic fibre carpet. The supplier shall
maintain a good environmental management programme that is traceable and
auditable (applicable to Synthetic Carpet).

3.2.2 Hazardous Substances in Carpet


(All clauses are applicable to Natural Fibre Carpet and Synthetic Carpet, except
clause 3.2.2.6 which is only applicable to Synthetic Carpet)

3.2.2.1 The Volatile Organic Compounds (VOC) concentration in the carpet shall be < 5
ppm.

3.2.2.2 The Semi-Volatile Organic Compounds (SVOC) concentration in the carpet shall
be < 5 ppm.

3.2.2.3 The formaldehyde concentration in the carpet shall be < 5 ppm.

3.2.2.4 The adhesive used for the carpet shall be water-based.

4
... Make Businesses Compete Better Through Quality and Technology Innovations

3.2.2.5 Materials requirement


The carpet shall not contain chemical substances classified as toxic, carcinogenic,
mutagenic, toxic for reproduction and dangerous for the environment as listed in the
Occupational Safety & Health Act and Regulations for the following risk phrases:

R23 Toxic by inhalation


R24 Toxic in contact with skin
R25 Toxic if swallowed
R26 Very toxic by inhalation
R27 Very toxic in contact with skin
R28 Very toxic if swallowed
R39 Danger of very serious irreversible effects
R40 Limited evidence of a carcinogenic effect
R42 May cause sensitization by inhalation
R43 May cause sensitization by skin contact
R45 May cause cancer
R46 May cause heritable genetic damage
R49 May cause cancer by inhalation
R50 Very toxic to aquatic organisms
R51 Toxic to aquatic organisms
R52 Harmful to aquatic organisms
R53 May cause long-term adverse effects in the aquatic environment
R60 May impair fertility
R61 May cause harm to the unborn child
R62 Possible risk of impaired fertility
R63 Possible risk of harm to the unborn child
R68 Possible risk of irreversible effects

3.2.2.6 Flame Retardants


Inorganic ammonium phosphates (diammonium phosphates, ammonium
polyphosphates etc.), boron compounds (boric acid, borates), polybrominated
diphenyl ethers and antimony oxides shall not be used as flame retardants in the
carpet.

5
... Make Businesses Compete Better Through Quality and Technology Innovations

3.2.2.7 Dyes and Pigments

Azo-based dyes as listed below shall not be used in the carpet manufacturing:
4-amino-diphenyl 92-67-1
Benzidine 92-87-5
4-chloro-toluidine 95-69-2
2-naphthylamine 91-59-8
o-amino-azo-toluene 97-56-3
2-amino-4-nitro-toluene 99-55-8
p-chloroaniline 106-47-8
2,4-diamino-anisole 615-05-4
4,4’-diamino-diphenylmethane 101-77-9
3,3’-dichlorobenzidine 91-94-1
3,3’-dimethoxybenzidine 119-90-4
3,3’-dimethylbenzidine 119-93-7
3,3’-dimethyl-4,4’-diamino-diphenylmethane 838-88-0
p-cresidine 120-71-8
4,4’-methylene-bis (2-chloroaniline) 101-14-4
4,4’-oxydianiline 101-80-4
4,4’-thiodianiline 139-65-1
o-toluidine 95-53-4
2,4-diaminotoluene 95-80-7
2,4,5-trimethylaniline 137-17-7
o-anisidinedimethoxyaniline 90-04-0
2,4-xylidine 95-68-1
2,6-xylidine 87-62-7
4-aminoazobenzene 60-09-3

3.2.2.8 The concentration of total heavy metal contents as represented by Pb, Cd, Hg, Cr shall
not exceed 100 mg/kg in the fitted carpet.

4. LABELLING REQUIREMENT

4.1 The SIRIM Eco-label may appear on wholesale or retail packaging or on the product
itself.

6
... Make Businesses Compete Better Through Quality and Technology Innovations

5. REFERENCE

5.1 Textile Floor Coverings, EU Ecolabel Award Scheme, User Manual, January 2010.

5.2 The New Zealand Ecolabelling Trust, Licence Criteria for Wool and Wool-Rich Pile
Carpets (EC-04-07).

5.3 Basic Criteria for Award of the Environmental Label, Low-Emission Textile Floor
Coverings (RAL-UZ 128), edition December 2007. RAL German Institute for Quality
Assurance and Certification.

5.4 Certification Criteria Document CCD-152 Flooring Products, EcologoCM Program,


North America (Canada).

5.5 Making Carpet environmentally Friendly, Sustainable Housing and Green Building
News.

5.6 Sustainable Carpet Assessment Draft Standard. American National Standard (NSF 140-
2005).

5.7 The New Zealand Ecolabelling Trust, Licence Criteria for Synthetic Carpets (EC-33-
08).

5.8 The Australian Ecolabel Program, commercial Modular tile Carpets (GECA 31-2006).

7
SIRIM Berhad (367474-V)
No.1, Persiaran Dato’ Menteri
Section 2, P.O.Box 7035
40700 Shah Alam
Selangor Darul Ehsan
MALAYSIA
Tel: 603-5544 6102/6118
Fax: 603-5544 6114
E-mail: msonline@sirim.my