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Coroña, Leonylle M.

Serquiña,Vener O.

Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition


(SCADA)

- SCADA is a control system architecture that


uses computers, networked data
communications and graphical user interfaces
for high-level process supervisory management,
but uses other peripheral devices such as
programmable logic controller (PLC)

- The use of SCADA has been also considered for


management and operations of project-driven-
process in construction.

COMPONENTS

 Remote Terminal Units - These RTUs are


nothing but real time programmable
logic controllers (PLCs) which are
responsible for properly converting
remote station information to digital
form for modem to transmit the data
and also converts the received signals
from master unit in order to control the Advantages of g SCADA systems for Electrical
process equipment through actuators Distribution
and switchboxes.
 Due to timely recognition of faults,
 Master Terminal Units - A central host equipment damage can be avoided
servers or server is called Master
 Continuous monitoring and control of
Terminal Unit, sometimes it is also called
distribution network is performed from
as SCADA center. It communicates with
remote locations
several RTUs by performing reading and
writing operations during scheduled  Saves labor cost by eliminating manual
scanning. In addition, it performs operation of distribution equipment
control, alarming, networking with other
nodes.  Reduce the outage time by a system-
wide monitoring and generating alarms
 Communications System - The so as to address problems quickly
communication network transfers data
among central host computer servers  Improves the continuity of service by
and the field data interface devices & restoring service after the occurrence of
control units. The medium of transfer faults (temporary)
can be cable, radio, telephone, satellite,
 Automatically improves the voltage
etc. or any combination of these.
profile by power factor correction and
 Operator Workstations - These are the VAR control
computer terminals consisting of
 Facilitates the view of historian data in
standard HMI (Human Machine
various ways
Interface) software and are networked
with a central host computer. These  Reduces the labor cost by reducing the
workstations are operator terminals that staff required for meter reading
request and send the information to
host client computer in order to monitor
and control the remote field
parameters.