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SKF3023 Physical Chemistry II SEM 1 2018/2019

Department of Chemistry
Faculty of Science and Mathematic
Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris

SKF 3023 SEM 1 2018/2019


Exercise 1
1. For each of the following reactions express the rate of change of concentration of the
reactants and products given in terms of the rate of change of concentration of the other
reactants or products in that reaction.

(a) N2 + 3H2 2NH3


(b) H2 + ½ O2 H 2O
+ -
(c) H2O2 + 2H + 3I I-3 + 2H2O

2. Write a rate law expression for the dependency of the rate of a reaction A  C on the
concentrations of the reactants of A.
3. The rate of the reaction A + 2B 3C + D was reported as 1.0 mol L -1 s-1. State
the rates of formation and consumption of each species. The rate law for the reaction
found to be  = k[A][B]2. What are the units of k? Express the rate law in terms of the
rates of formation and consumption of A and C.

4. If the rate laws are expressed with (a) concentrations in moles per litre, (b) pressures in
kilopascals, what are the units of the second-order and third-order rate constants?

4. The hydrolysis of CH3Br is the first order reaction which progress may be followed
chemically by titration of reaction mixture with AgNO 3. The volume of AgNO 3 required
for 10.0 cm3 samples at 300 K in a typical experiment are; (Q9,T1)

Time (s) 0 5280 18,000 24,720 


V of AgNO3 (cm3) 0.00 5.90 17.30 22.10 49.50

Determine the rate constant for this reaction

5. The following data refer to the decomposition of benzene diazonium chloride. At the start
of experiment, concentration of solution is 10d/dm 3 at 50 C.(Q10, T1)

Time (s) 360 720 1080 1440 1800 


V of N2 (cm3) 19.3 32.6 41.3 46.5 50.4 58.3

Determine the order, rate constant and half life for this reaction

6. A compound X decompose homogeneously in the gas phase according to the equation


X  2B + C
The kinetics decomposition of the reaction was followed by measuring the pressure of the
system. The following table give the value of total pressure, P T at various time during
experiment. (Q12, T1)

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SKF3023 Physical Chemistry II SEM 1 2018/2019

Time (min) 0.0 3.0 6.0 9.0 12.0 21.0


PT (mmHg) 169.3 189.2 207.1 224.1 240.2 282.6

7. The following graph was plot based on dimerization of nitrile oxide (A) in ethanol
solution at 313K. Find the order of reaction by using half life method.

[A]/
mmoldm-3 80

70

60

50

40

30

20

10

0
0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 450

t/min

8. The following reaction was studied at -10C and the obtained data was tabulated in the
table. The rate of reaction was given as;

d [Cl 2 ]
Rate = 
dt

2NO (g) + Cl2 (g) 2NOCl (g)

[NO] (mol L-1) [Cl2] (mol L-1) Kadar awal (mol L-1
min-1)
0.10 0.10 0.18
0.10 0.20 0.35
0.20 0.20 1.45
0.10 0.30 x

a. Find the rate law


b. Find the rate constant.
c. Find the value of x

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SKF3023 Physical Chemistry II SEM 1 2018/2019

9. Sulfuryl chloride, SO2Cl2 is highly reactive gas. The gas will decomposed when heated as
follows,

SO2Cl2 (g) SO2 (g) + Cl2 (g)

A sample of 6.75 g SO2Cl2 was put into 5.00 x 10-1 L of container and the temperature
was rise to 600 K.
a. Find the pressure in the container before the decomposition occurred.
b. The decomposition occurred in first order reaction and the data was tabulated in
following table. Determine:
i) the rate constant
ii) internal pressure after 20.0 hours
iii) The remaining sulfuryl chloride after 20.0 hours.

Time (Hours) 1.00 2.00 4.00 8.00 16.10


The container
pressure (atm) 5.60 6.34 7.33 8.56 9.52

10. Cyclopropane isomerizes into propene when heated to 500C in the gas phase. The extent
of conversion for various initial pressures has been followed by gas chromatography by
allowing the reaction to proceed for a time with various initial pressures. Where p 0 is the
initial pressure and p is the final pressure of cyclopropane.

P0/Torr 200 200 400 400 600 600


t/s 100 200 100 200 100 200
P/Torr 186 173 373 347 559 520

Find:
a) The order of reaction
b) The rate constant for the reaction under these conditions.