You are on page 1of 8

lgikIf ;dfrf/

/
k|:6 ljrf/sf nflu
www.janakhabar.com
x]g{ ge'Ng'xf]nf .
jif{ !@, c+s @&, @)&^ ;fn j}zfv @( ut] cfOtaf/ (May 12, 2019) d"No ?= !).–
!! ljBfyL{ ;+u7gsf] kqsf/ ;Dd]ngdf k|x/L x:tIf]k h]7 % ut] z}lIfs x8\tfn
sf7df8f}+ . clvn -qmflGtsf/L_n] cfdz}lIfs x8\tfnsf] 3f]if0ff u/]sf]

clvn -qmflGtsf/L_ sf cWoIf lr/~hLlj 9sfn lu/k\mtf/

@$ 306fleq l/xfO{ gu/] ;zQm ;+3ifd{ f pqg] r]tfjgL


sf7df8f} F  . g] kfn sDo'lg:6
kf6L{lgs6 cg]/f:jljo' qmflGtsf/Lsf
dfy lbg] u/L xfnsf] s]kL cf]nL
g]t[Tjsf] g]kfn ;/sf/n] kmf;LjfbL
z}nLdf u}/Goflos tj/n] clvn -
qmflGtsf/L_ sf cWoIf lr/~hLlj
9sfnnfO{ kqsf/ ;Dd]ng ul//x]s}
:yfg o' lgog xfp;af6 k|x /Ln]
cWoIf lr/~hLlj 9sfnnfO{ k|x/Ln] lu/ˆtf/ ug{'n] ;/sf/sf] tfgfzfxL
lu/ˆtf/ u/] sf] 5 . !! ljBfyL{ k|j[lQ :ki6 x'G5 .Ú
;+ u7gn] z'q mjf/ lbpF ;f] cfˆgf ;f] lgGbgLo sfo{sf]] !! ljBfyL{
sfo{qmdx? kqsf/ ;Dd]ng u/L ;+u7g 3f]/ lj/f]w Pj+ eT;gf{ ub}{ ;+u7gsf cWoIf lr/~hLjL 9sfnsf] 5 . !! laBfyL{ ;+u7gn] z'qmjf/
;fj{ hlgs ul//x] s} a] nf ljKnj lu/ˆtf/ ul/Psf 9sfnnfO{ …lagf;t{ l/xfO{sf] dfu ub}{ h]7 kfFr ut] -af“ s L clGtd k] h df_
g]skflgs6 clvn -qmflGtsf/L_ sf tTsfn l/xfOsf] dfu ub}{Ú olb cf]nL
cWoIf lr/~hLlj 9sfnnfO{ k|x/Ln]
lu/ˆtf/ u/] s f] xf]   . pQm
;/sf/åf/f 9sfnnfO{ …@$ 306fleq
l/xfO gul/P ;zQm ;+3if{df pqg]Ú
g]=s=kf=dflysf] k|ltaGw vf/]h ug{ dfu
sf7df8f} F . ljKnj g]tT[ jsf] g]kfn zflGtafl6sfdf lj/f]w;ef u/]sf
lu/ˆtf/LnuQ} ljBfyL{ ;+u7gx?n] lj1lKtdfkm{t\ hfgsf/L u/fOPsf] 5 .
;+o'Qm k|]; lj1lKt hf/L ub}{ @$ o;sf ;fy} ljBfyL{ !! ljBfyL{ sDo' l g:6 kf6L{ -g] = s=kf=_dfly 5g\ . ;f] lj/f]w;ef af]Nb} b]zeQm
306fleq 9sfnsf] l/xfO gul/Pdf
cf]nL ;/sf/lj?4 ;zQm ;+3if{ cl3 ‘qmflGtsf/Ldfly xTs8L nufpg] b':;fx;sf] km;} nf Oltxf;n] ug]5{ ’
sf7df8f}+  . g]kfn sDo'lg:6 kf6L{ ;+ u 7g4f/f cfof] l ht kqsf/
;+ u 7gn] …;/sf/sf o:tfvfn]
ultljlwsf] lj?4df pqg ;Dk"0f{
a9fpg] r] t fjgL lbPsf 5g\   . ljBfyL{nfO{ clknÚ ;d]t u/]sf] 5 .
k~rfotLsfnnfO{ klg la;f{pg] u/L lgs6 ljBfyL{ ;+ u7g clvn - ;Dd]ng:yndf cfP/ x:tIf]k u/]kl5 o;}u/L, clvn -qmflGtsf/L_ ;lxt
cf]nL ;/sf/n] b]vfPsf] kmf;LjfbL qmflGtsf/L_sf cWoIf lr/~hLlj pgn] nfvf}F ljBfyLx¿sf] z}lIfs P3f/ ljBfyL{ ;+ u7gx?n] lghL
xs{tsf] rsf]{ lj/f]w ub}{ lj1lKtsf] 9sfnn] ljBfyLx¿sf] xs clwsf/sf Ph]08fdf s]lGb|t eP/ hfoh dfu k'/f ljBfnon] dgk/L 9+un] j[l4 u/]sf] z'Ns
;'?df elgPsf] 5m:– …k~rfotsfndf nflu dg{ lx8]sfx¿ h]ng]n b]lv u/fpg'sf] ;f6f] ljBfyL{sf] cfGbf]ngnfO{ tTsfn vf/]h ug{ dfu u/]sf] 5 .
;d]t ;/sf/n] ljBfyL{ ;+u7gsf g8/fpg] r] tfjgL lbPsf 5g\   . g} sdhf]/ kf/]/ cfˆgf] ;Qf l6sfpg] z'q maf/ cgfdgu/l:yt o' lgog
/fhgLlts Pj+ z}lIfs ultljlwdfly 9sfnnfO{ lu/ˆtf/ ug{ k|x/L 6f]nL dg;fosf ;fy w/ks6sf] dfxf]n xfp;df ljleGg /fhgLlts bnlgs6
k|ltaGw u/]sf] lyPg, ;f] ;d]tnfO{ o'lgog xfp;df cfof]lht !! ljBfyL{ -af“ s L clGtd k] h df_ P3f/ ljBfyL{ ;+u7gx?sf] g]t[Tj
;/sf/n] nufPsf] k|ltaGw vf/]h ug{ hgu0ftflGqs df]rf{ g]kfnsf ;+of]hs

‘;/sf/n] s]an l6eL k|;f/sx?sf] Joj;fo wf/fzoL agfpg vf]Hof]’


pkl:yltdf ;DkGg kqsf/ ;Dd]ngdf
dfu ub}{ ;/sf/sf]] lj/f]wdf plqPsf ;LkL uh'/]nn] ;/sf/sf] kmf;LjfbL
-af“ s L clGtd k] h df_ kfF r kf6L{ n ] sf7df8f} F s f] -af“sL b'O{ k]h df_

sf7df8f}F . ;/sf/n] lj1fkg


;DaGwL P]gsf nflu tof/ kf/]sf]
ljw]os laafbdf k/]sf] 5 . xfn
OG6/g]6 ;]jf k|bfos ;dGjo ;ldlt
gfds ;+3if{ ;ldlt u7g u/]sf]
hfgsf/L ;d]t lbP .
k6s s]kL zdf{ cf]nL k|wfgdGqL x'Fbf
klg /fli6«o k|zf/0f lgodfjnL nfu"
u/]/ ;/sf/n] lSng lkm8 nfu" ug{
kqsf/ dxf;+3åf/f cfGbf]ngsf] 3f]if0ff
sf7df8f} F . g]kfn kqsf/ dxf;+3n] u/]sf] 5 . ;/f]sf/jfnf kIf;Fu 5nkmn lgolGqt c+usf ?kdf :yflkt u/]sf]
/fli6« o ;efdf k] ; ePsf] vf]h] s f] lyof]  . g] kfndf ljb] z L ;+ ; b\ d f btf{ ePsf] ldl8of / ;xdltljgf NofOPsf] ljw]ossf eGb} dxf;+3n] ;+3if{sf] sfo{qmd 3f]if0ff
lj1fkg;DaGwL ljw] os ;+; bdf Rofgnn] cfˆgf ;fdfu|L lj1fkg sfplG;n;DaGwL ljw]ossf k|fjwfg k|fjwfgn] :jtGq k|];dfly c+s'z u/]sf] xf] . dlGqkl/ifb\af6 kfl/t eO{
ljrf/fwLg /x]s} a]nf g]kfnsf s]an g/fvL b]vfpg' kg]{ jf lj1fkg b]vfP ;Rofpg dfu ub}{ cfGbf]ngsf] 3f]if0ff nufpg] / ldl8of sfplG;nnfO{ ;/sf/ ;+;bdf btf{ ePsf] ;f] ljw]osdf
l6eL k|;f/sx?sf] ;+:yf g]kfn s]an klg g]kfnL lj1fkg dfq} b]vfpg kfOg] ldl8of sfplG;nnfO{ cw{Goflos lgsfo
l6eL dxf;+ 3n] ljw] o ssf] s] x L ljifo g} lSng lkm8 xf] . agfpg] / kqsf/nfO{ s8f sf/afxLsf]
Joj:yfsf] lj/f]w u/]sf] 5 . g]kfn b'O{ jif{cufl8 ;/sf/n] tof/L Joj:yf k|:tfj ul/Psf] 5 . ljw]ossf
s]a'n l6eL dxf;+3sf cWoIf ;'wL/ gk'us ] f] eg]/ lSnglkm8 nfu" u/]g . sltko Joj:yf ;+ljwfg;Fu aflemg]
k/fh' n Ln] …lSnglkm8sf] s' / f clxn] km]l/ ToxL Joj:yf;lxtsf] / k|]; :jtGqtfdfly c+sz ' nufpg]
clt/fi6«jfbLx?n] prfn]sf] 7f]s'jf ljw]os kfl/t ug{ vf]lhPsf] 5 . of] lgotaf6 k|l] /t /x]sf] dxf;+3sf] bfaL
ub}{ ljZjdf st} klg nfu" gePsf] ljw]ossf ;/f]sf/kIf xfdL klg xf}+ . 5 . g]kfnsf] ;+ljwfg @)&@ n] k"0f{k; ]|
eGb} pgn] ;/sf/n] lSng lkm8sf] s'g} klg P]g sfg'g agfpFbf ;/f]sf/jfnf :jtGqtfsf] Uof/]G6L u/]sf] 5 . cyf{t\
s'/f NofP/ g]kfndf /x]sf s]an l6eL cWoIf k/fh'nLn] eg] …;/sf/n] kIf, lj1x?sf] /fo ;Nnfx lng] rng s'g} klg axfgfdf k|; ] jf cleJolQm
k|;f/sx?sf] Joj;fo, /f]huf/L aGb g]kfndf ljb]zL Rofgnx?df lSng 5 . t/ of] ljw]os k|ltlglw;efaf6 :jtGqtfdf c+sz ' nufpg kfOFbg}  .
ug{ vf]hs
] f] 7f]s'jf ;d]t u/]sf 5g\\ . lkm8 gLlt nfu" ug]{ ;d]tsf] Joj:yf kfl/t eP/ /fli6«o ;efdf k'lu;Sbf t/, ;/sf/n] g]kfn ldl8of sfplG;n
cWoIf k/fh'nLn] Joj;fo g} ;+s6df /fv]/ lj1fkg ljw]os kfl/t ug]{ klg xfdL;Fu ;Nnfx ul/Pg . u7gsf nflu NofPsf] ljw]os lgs}
kg]{ b]v ]kl5 l8hL6n l6eL tyf tof/L u/]sf] 5 . of] ljifo cl3Nnf] -af“sL b'O{ k]h df_ -af“ s L clGtd k] h df_

;+3;+:yf / Joj;fo hgkl/ifbdf btf{ ug{] clN6d]6d


kmf;LjfbL cf]nL zf;gsf d'Vo k|j[lQx?
!= tfdemfd / ;Qfsf] b'? kof]u lyPgg\   . ;+ o f] u s:tf] 5 eg] slxNo} agfOPsf] lyPg . ;+j}wflgs x'Fb} 5 .
sf7df8f} F . g]kfn sDo'lg:6 kf6L{n]
lhNnfdf sfo{/t ljleGg ;+3 ;+:yf
/ Joj;foLx?nfO{ hgkl/ifbsf]
cfO{Pglhof]x?, lhNnfdf ;~rflnt
;Dk"0f{ lglhljBfnox?, lhNnfdf
/x]sf / xfn sfd u/L/x]sf lgdf{0f
cfh d'n'sdf u0ftGq 5 eGg k|wfgdGqL / /fi6«klt k|]dL k|]dLsf cfof]ux?dfly olt 7"nf] k|xf/ / @= /fi6«kltsf] ;+; bdf ;Daf]w g sfo{nodf btf{ ug{ cfJxfg u/]sf] Joj;foL / ;Knfo;{ , oftfoft
klg nfh dfGg' kg]{ cj:yf ag]sf] h:t} 5g\   . dxf/fhlw/fh / lgoGq0f slxNo} ePsf] lyPg . ‘d] / f] ;/sf/’
5 . lxhf]sf] eGbf w]/} u'0ff a9L a8fdxf/fgLsf] xfpefpdf 5g\  . ;8sdf To:t} a]xfn / sxfnLnfUbf] cfufdL cfly{s jif{ @)&%÷)&^
lg/+s'z / ;fdGtL /fhf, dxf/fhf / pgLx? lgod sfg'g jf ;+ljwfgeGbf cj:yf 5 . k|wfgdGqL, /fi6«klt / sf nflu gLlt tyf sfo{qmd k|:t't
/fgL, a8fdxf/fgLx?sf] laulauLn] dfly eP h:tf 5g\ . cbfntdflysf] k|r08sf] ;jf/L x'Fbf k"/} pkTosf ug] { qmddf /fi6« k lt ljBfb] j L
hgtfnfO{ cfxt agfPsf] 5 . g t olt 7"n f] cltqmd0f / x:tIf] k hfd x'G5 / To;sf] c;/ lbge/ e08f/Ln] ;+;bdf …d]/f] ;/sf/’ eGg]
Po/kf]6{n] g t cfsfzn] u0ftGqsf] Oltxf;df slxNo} ePsf] lyPg . /xG5 . ;fob oltlj£g tfdemfd / zAb k6s–k6s k|of]u u/]/ ;a}nfO{
Px;f; ug{ kfof]   . /fi6« k lt / Joj:yflksf olt w]/} ljj]sz'Go ;Qfsf] b'?kof]u Oltxf;d} lj/n} cfZro{rlst kf/]sL l5g\ . jf:tjdf
k|wfgdGqLsf] ljb]z e|d0f geP x'GYof] b]lvPnf . of] kbfjnLsf] k|of]u e"njz ePsf]
eGg] nfUg yfNof] hgtfnfO{ . lsgls cf] n L zf;gdf cbfntnfO{ lyPg a? of]hgfa4 ?kdf lgotjz
pgLx?sf] ;jf/L x'Fbf 3G6f}+ Po/kf]6{ wDsfOG5 / dxfcleof]usf] ;Gqf;sf / ;r]t\tfk"j{s ul/Psf] lyof] eGg]
aGb ul/G5, Toltdfq xf]Og, 3G6f}; + Dd cufl8 k|wfgGofofwLz / GofofwLzx? s' / f k| w fgdGqLsf] /IffTds
Kn]gx?nfO{ p8\g / Nof08 x'gaf6 n'q'Ss k5{g\ . cf]nLsf] OR5f ljkl/t dGtJoaf6 klg :ki6 x'G5 . s] To:tf]
al~rt ul/G5 . ljr/f ofqLx? ljgf s'g} klg cfb]z / km};nf ;'gfpg] eP k|wfgdGqL / /fi6«kltnfO{ /fhf–
sf/0f 3G6f}+ cfsfzdf a/flng afWo lxDdt GofofwLzx?n] u/]sf] b]lvGg . /fgL g} aGg] OR5f hfu]sf] xf] t <
x'G5g\ . /fi6«klt / k|wfgdGqLsf lgo'lQm ubf{ / a9'jf ubf{ klg 5fgL– eGg] k|Zg plAhPsf] 5 . of] ljifosf]
ljb]z e|d0f x'g yfn] eg] ca hgtfn] 5fgLsg ul/Ps} 5 . /fli6«o dfgj cfda'l4hLlj / hgtfsf aLr Jofks 5 . g]qlaqmd rGb …ljKnaÚ g]tT[ jsf] Joj;foLx?, hl8a'6L/wg hGokbfy{
;/fKg] cj:yf agfOb}5 . hgtfn] clwsf/ cfof]unfO{ klg k"0f{ ?kn] cfnf]rgf / lj/f]w ePsf] 5 . xfdLnfO{ g]skf pbok'/sf] hgkl/ifb g]kfnn] ;DalGw Joj;foLx?, lglh
s]xL hf]/ ;fdGtx? ;f6\g] vfnsf] clwsf/ljxLg / pk]lIft u/fOFb} 5 . yfxf 5, k|wfgdGqL s]kL cf]nLnfO{ cfjZos sfuhft ;lxt & lbg leq c:ktfx?nfO{ cfˆgf] hgkl/ifb
u0ftGq vf]hs ] f lyPgg\ . s]xL gfdx? sd{rf/L / k|x/L ;+oGq k"/} Wj:t ;w}+el/sf nflu cfhLjg k|wfgdGqL pbok' / hgkl/ifbsf] sfo{n odf g]kfndf btf{ cg'/f]w ;d]t u/]sf]
dfq km]g{sf] nflu jf ;fO{gaf]8{x? agfOPsf] 5 . g]kfnL ;]gfnfO{ klg aGg] OR5f k| an 5 / /fi6«klt pkl:yt x'g eg]sf] xf] . lhNnfdf 5 . kl/ifbsf] tkm{af6 k|d'v df};dn]
abNgsf nflu dfq u0ftGq vf]h]sf lji0f' kGt ljjflbt agfpFb} b'?kof]u ug]{ if8\oGq -af“ s L clGtd k] h df_ sfo{ / t ;Dk" 0 f{ PlGhof] / -af“ s L clGtd k] h df_
2 @)&^ ;fn j}zfv @( ut] cfOtaf/

gZnLo zf;ssf tflnd k|fKt n'6]/f / u0ftGqsf] af;'/L


ltdL ltd|f] tl/sfn] n8, xfdL xfd|f] tl/sfn] n8\5f}
– s= dfcf]T;] t'ª
 ;DkfbsLo elgG5 x/]s ;d:ofsf] ;dfwfg cfˆgf] cg' s " n tfdf g] k fnnfO{ ;lhn} ; F u /fli6« o dxTjsf vl/b k|s/0fdf jt{ dg ;/sf/n]
;/sf/ g} ;+s6sf] sf/s o'4 xf]Og t/ ;d:ofn] o'4sf] dfu
ub{5eg] ;dfwfg To;}leqaf6 xn
x'G5– ;gTh'
cl:y/tfdf /fv]/ ;Dk'0f{¿kdf n'6g]
of]hgf cg';f/ sfFu;]| , tTsfnLg Pdfn]
/ dfcf]jfbL lardf !@ aFb' ] ;Dem'tfsf]
snsf/vfgfnfO{ a]r/] g]kfnL hgtfsf]
dfgjLo >dzQmL lab]z a]Rg] agfpg]
sfd ltg} kGrfotL 8ueu
e|i6frf/ u¥of] eg]/ k|Zg lrGx < p7fpg
lalQs} tTsfnLg sfF u|] ;sf] gfd
hf]l8Psf] b]lvG5 Pgl;Pn s/5nL
;/sf/ lbgk|ltlbg /fi6«3flt / hg3flt sfo{ ub}{ cfPsf] eGb} g]kfnL /fhgLltdf ;d:ofsf] ;of}+ gf6s /r]/ lbNnL o'/f]k / cd]l/sL sd]l8ogx?n] @)$& b]lv @)^@/)^# k|s/0fdf Pgl;PnnfO{ tfs]tf u5{g
cfdhgtf cfqmf]l;t x'g yfn]sf 5g\ . ;/sf/sf x/]s sfo{ / pkfox¿ ckgfOPsf] 5 t/ ;dfwfg u'?of]hgfdf g]kfndf gapklgj]z ;Dd ax'/fli6«o sDklg lgdf{0fsf gfddf ;Qf?9 g]skfnfO{ hf]l8Psf] kfpF5g\\
;Demf}tfdf ;'Nemfpg] ul/Psf] klg 5 pBf]u snsf/vfgf a]r]/ vfg] sfd afn'jf6f/ hUuf e|i6frf/sf] ;Qf¿9
lg0f{ox¿sf] hg:t/af6 lj/f]w eO/x]sf] 5 . ;/sf/ cfk"m ;kmn /f0ffx?sf] lg/Í':tfaf6 5'6sf/f kfpg u/]sf lyP ltgLx?s} lzior]nfx? g]skfsf] lhDd]jf/ AoQmsf] gfd hf]8/]
ePsf] atfpF5 t/ cfd hgtfdfem ;/sf/sf] 5jL g/fd|/L w'ldn /fhf / sfFu]; | ldn]/ cfGbf]ng u/] dxfsfnL, 6gsk'/ sfnfkfgL ;':tf cfpF5 g]kfnL sfFu; ]| sf klg lhDd]jf/
x'g k'u]sf] 5 . ;/sf/ hgcfjfhnfO{ dWogh/ u/]/ cufl8 a9\g' cGtdf b/afl/of sfFu; ]| / /fgfx? c?g ck/ s0ff{nL c?0f# nufotsf g] tf sfo{ s tf{ hf] l8Psf] kfOG5
lardf ;Demf}tf eof] k|hftGq gfdsf] hlt;'s} laifodf d'2f p7fpg] u/]klg sfFu;] | nfO{ hf]l8Psf] e|i6frf/ tTsfnLg
eGbf cfˆg} l9kLdf cufl8 al9/x]sf] 5 . h;sf] pbfx/0fsf ;fOgaf]8{ em'08fP/ /fgfx?s} csf]{?k vf;u/L kGr] sfFu]; | Pdfn] gfddf kGrfotsf kGrx? g} hf]l8Psf] kfOG5
nflu ;/sf/sf] gLlt tyf sfo{qmdsf] af/]df hjfkm lbg ;+;b\sf] kGr]x? cfo kGr]x?n] b]znfO{ ;Sbf] ;Qf k5\o / k|ltkIfL eP/ a]nfa]nfdf oxfF Pp6fdfq cfwf/ s] b]lvG5 eg]
;Ddn'6] To;kl5 kGrfotsf] lj?4df /fli6«o ;DklQnfO{ n'6g\ ] / a]Rg] u/]sf /fhtGq b]lv ax'bn / u0ftGq;Dd
/f]i6ddf k'us] f k|wfgdGqLsf] lgn{Hh cleJolQm, ;/sf/n] :jtGq sfFu;] | / afdkGyL larsf] ;o'Qm df]rf{ x'g To:t}u/L @)^@/)^# ;fnb]lv cfpFbf e|i6frf/sf] Pp6fdfq hfnf] RofTg
k|];dfly c+s'z nufpg] u/L ;+;b\df k]; u/]sf] ljw]os, !! agfP/ n8] To;kl5 km]l/ csf] { k5fl8sf] ;dodf tTsfnLg dfcf]jfbLn] vf]lhof] eg] /fhtGq ;+;lbo ax'bnLo
;Demf}tf eof] b/afl/of kGr], sfFu; |] ;Qfdf a;]/ klxnf] r/0fdf s]xL Joj:yf cGtu{tsf] of] u0ftGq;Ddsf
ljBfyL{ ;+u7gn] cfof]hgf u/]sf] kqsf/ ;Dd]ngdfly k|x/L / afdkGyL larsf] ;Demf}tf eof] ;sf/fTds b]vfP klg @)^* ;fnb]lv ;Qfsf gfOs] Pp6} ;fª\nf]df afFlwg]
x:tIf]k / ljBfyL{ g]tf lu/ˆtf/ nufot bh{gf}+ ljifox¿ 5g\ . /fhfnfO{ ;+a}wflgs agfP/ /f0ff ;+;f/;]g k[y s k5fl8sf] sDo'lg:6 g}lts rl/q ktg ;+efjgf k|an 5 of] ;a} st{t' a'‰g] xf]
cfk"mnfO{ b'O{ltxfO{sf] ax'dt k|fKt / nf]stGqsf] 7]s]bf/ ;Demg] kGr]x?sf] t];f| ] h]g/] ;
] g ag]/ ;+;bLo ePkl5 k'/fgf kGrfotsf bnfnnfO{ eg] hlt;'s} e|i6frf/ a]lylt lgDTofPsf]
ax'bnLo Aoa:yfsf] gfddf csf]{ sfod /flvof] slyt ;+ljwfg;efsf] k|r08 d'vd's0' 8f] cf]8fo/ t:s/ e'dL 5 of] ;a} tflnd k|fKt n'6/] fx?sf]
;/sf/n] hgtfnfO{ ;+ljwfg k|4t clwsf/ pkof]u ug{af6 jl~rt ;fOgaf]8{ 6flsof] / kGrfotL d+8nL gfd dGrg ul/of] To;df bza;]{ bnfn hËndf sf7sf] t:s/df ;+hfnn] u/]sf] b]lvG5 oxfFg/] tflnd
u/]sf] 5 . gful/ssf df}lns xs / clwsf/ s'l07t u/fOPsf] / ax'bnLo e8'jfx?n] /fli6«o pBf]u hgo'4sf] s'g} Ph]G8f g/fv]/ dfcf]jfbL ;3fpg / l;Sg tof/L u/] . lab]zL k|fKt n'6/] fx?sf] hdftn] Odfgbf/
snsf/vfgf ;a} a]r]/ ;Dk'0f{?kn] leqsf] qmflGtsf/L tKsfnfO{ l;Wofpg] zlQm /fi6«x ?sf] k| lzIfg kfPsf :jR5 5lj ePsf sd{rf/L lzIfs,
5 . /fhgLlts bnx¿ dfly k"jf{u|xL Jojxf/ ul/Psf] 5 eg] /fi6«nfO{ s+ufn / a]/f]huf/Lsf] d'Vo / cfk"m cg'sn ' sf] zlQmnfO{ ;Qfdf tTsfnLg Pdfn] dfcf]jfbL sfFu; |] / 8fS6/, kfOn]6, sd{rf/L g]tf, sfo{stf{
g]kfn sDo'lgi6 kf6L{dfly ;+ljwfg s} lvNnL p8fpg] u/L k|ltjGw cvf8f agfP @)%@ ;fndf g]skf k'ufpg] / g]kfnnfO{ ;w}e+ /L cl:y/ /fh;+:yfsf] k|v/ la/f]lw t/ /fhgLlt ;a}nfO{ k|rf/k|;f/ ;fd|fHo ckmjfx
dfcf] j fbLsf] cu' j fOdf ;Dk' 0 f{ agfO /fVg] nfdf] s;/t kl5 Pp6f ¿kdf /fh;+:yfnfO{ dfluvfg] ef8f] km}nfP/ /fli6«o ;DklQnfO{ of]hgfa4
nufOPsf] 5 . ;/sf/sf oL / o:tf bh{gf}+ ;+ljwfg / hglj/f]wL ;d:ofsf] xn hgtfsf] an / g]an]{ L Ph]G8f af]s]/ ;+ljwfgsf] v];f| agfpg] 5'b| n'6/] f ;a}n] ldn]/ agfPsf] n'6g] ;f]r :ki6 b]lvG5 h:t} s'ndfg
sfo{n] ;/sf/ cfd hgtfsf] gh/af6 lug{ k'u]sf] 5 . ;/sf/ s} hgo'4af6 x'g;S5 eg]/ hgo'4sf] sf]l/of] h'g ;+ljwfg g]kfn / g]kfnLsf] ;+ljwfg tflndk|fKt ;f;ssf] t];|f] l3l;ª, k|d] ;+Hofn, lahonfdf nufot
;'?jft ul/of] xhf/f}+sf] ;+Vofdf lxt cg'sn ' geP/ d'l7e/ dflkmofsf] k':tfg} ;ldlnt 5g\ To;}sf] k|f/lDes /fi6«afbL ;f]rfO ePsf /fhgLlt bn /
sfo{z}nLsf sf/0f dx+uL, e|i6frf/n] ;Ldf gf3]sf] 5 . t/ o;tk{m alnbfg 3fOt] ckf+ u eP/klg lxtdf n]lvof] g]kfnsf] at{dg ;+ljwfg k|f?k b]lvPsf] e|i6frf/sf] rfªnfO{ k|hftflGqs zlQmdfyL …s'Ú u/]/ cfˆgf]
;/sf/ /lte/ lrlGtt b]lvb}g . ;/sf/sf] oxL sfo{zn } Lsf sf/0f hgo'4sf] klxnf] :yflkt / To;sf] / sfg'g b'a} gt sfFu|]; kf6L{sf] ulxl/P/ cWog ug]{ xf] eg] x/]s /fli6«o a|dn'6sf] :ju{sf] /hfOug]{ ;f]rg} O
b]z ;+s6tk{m ws]lnPsf] 5 . hgtfsf] hghLljsf rf}k6 ePsf] cf}lrTo /fli6«o tyf cGt/f{li6«o ¿kdf l;4fGtlgi7 5 gt sDo' l g:6 ;DklQsf] lxgfldgfdf kGrfot b]lvsf tflndk|fKt n'6/] f ;d'x x?sf] 5 h;sf]
:yflkt eof] /fli6« o :t/df l;4fGtlgi7 5 of] ;+ljwfg s]an u0ftGq ;+rfns pgj]:L k'/fg} cg'xf/ of]hgf g]kfn ;]gf;]tnfO{ sAhfdf lng]
5 . ;/sf/ s} sfo{z}nLsf sf/0f hgtf ;8sdf pqg afWo ;+ ; bafbLx?nfO{ pg} lg/+ s ' z klZrdf zlQm s]Gb| lxt cg'sn " ePsf] ePsf u0ftGq gfdsf] d'vn] f] d'sG8fP/ k|oTg xF'b5 } o:tf n'6/] fsf] lj?4df
ePsf 5g\ . olb ;/sf/n] a]n}df g;f]Rg] xf] eg] l:ylt eofjx d08nLx?n] vf]/df y'g/] Psnf}6L /fi6« huhfx]/ 5 l7s of] ;+ljwfg agfpbf of] lalytL lgDTofPsf] b]lvG5 . O{dfgbf/ /fhgLlt kf6L{ sd{rf/L
n'6\g] k|Tog ePkl5 dfcf]jfbL leqdf g} k"j{ kGr]x? h;/L ax'bnsf] vf]n e|i6frf/sf] ;Ldf r'lnbf ;a} pTkLl8t ;d'bfo snfsf/ kqsf/ ;]g
x'g] lglZrt 5 . To;}n] ;/sf/n] cfˆgf] ulNt sdhf]/L ;RofpFb} /x]sf] unt lrGtg / cfTd;'/IffafbL cf]8/] ;Qfdf k'u/] sfFu;] | sf] d'Vd's0' 8f]n] /fhgLlt bnx¿n] ldnfPsf] ;]l6Ëg} / hgtfsf] ;f:+oQ' m tfstsf] PsLs[t
;+;b\leq / ;+;b\aflx/ /x]sf tdfd bn;Fu jftf{ u/L ;xdlt / ;f]rePsf s]xLnfO{ ;fydf lng] / d'v 5f]k]/ ;QfnfO{ lab]zL bnfnnfO{ of]hgfa4 n'6s\ f] /fhgLlt a'lemG5 hxfFh df]rf{aGbL x'g h?/L 5 .
;xsfo{ u/]/ cufl8 a9\g'sf] ljsNk 5}g . cGoyf ;/sf/s} ;/sf/n]===== lj1fkg Joj;foLx?n] jflif{s @ ca{sf] o;}aLr, g]kfn ljB't\ k|flws/0fn] / u|fdL0f e]udf @!)) k|ltzt;Dd
sf/0f b]z ;+s6sf] e'd/Ldf km:g] lglZrt 5 . r]tgf eof . …lSng lkm8 gLlt e'6fgdf ;d]t Jofkf/ u5{ g \   . cfˆgf] Jofkf/ OG6/g]6 / s]an 6]lnlehgsf] ;]jf kf]n k|of]u afktsf] ef8f k|flws/0fn]
nfu" ePsf] 5, g]kfndf lsg gx'g] <Ú a9fpgsf nflu pgLx?n] klxn]b]lv lbO/x]sf sDkgLx¿sf] tf/ sf6\g] tof/L j[l4 u/]sf] atfP . …Tolt dxFuf] ef8f
ljZjs} dx+uf] t/sf/L eGg] ts{ klg lbOPsf] 5 . sfun]
sfg nUof] eGb}df sfusf] k5fl8
g} lSnglkm8sf] s'/f NofPsf lyP .
olb g]kfndf lj1fkg g/fvL l6eL
u/]sf] 5 . k|flws/0fn] cfˆgf] ;+/rgf
k|of]u u/] afktsf] ef8f glt/]sf] atfpFb}
lt/]/ eL–:of6 ;]jf lbg ;lsFbg} ,Ú
pgn] eg], …k|flws/0fn] tf/ sf6] klg
sf7df8f} F . ljZjdf :yfg, df};d 5 o;nfO{ t/sf/L agfP/ dfq xf]O{g bf}l8g x'Fb}g . klxn] cfˆgf] sfg Rofgnx? k|zf/0f ug]{ xf] eg] To;afkt lt sDkgLsf tf/ sf6\g] tof/L u/]sf] sf6f];\, j[l4 ePsf] ef8f gltg]{
cg's'n w]/} yl/sf t/sf/Lx? kmNg] crf/ agfP/ klg vfg ;lsG5 eg] 5fDg'k5{ . o;sf] d s]xL cfwf/ / z'Ns bz{sn] g} ltg{k' 5{ . lj1fkg atfPsf] 5 . k|flws/0fn] ut c;f/df c8fgdf 5f}+  .Ú pmhf{ / ;~rf/
u5{g\ h;nfO{ clwsf+zn] ld7f] dfg]/ o;sf] k"mn klg lgs} :jflbnf] x'g] k|df0f;lxt eGg rfxG5' . g]kfndf g/fvL Rofgn rnfpg jf g]kfnsf lgb] {lzsf ;+ z f] w g u/L sf7df8f} + dGqfnodf ;d:of ;dfwfgsf nflu
vfG5g\ \   . kf] ifs tTjn] el/Psf] u5{ . of] t/sf/Lsf] ;a}eGbf a9L w]/}h;f] ef/tLo jf ef/tdf cfwf/ nfludfq} lSng lkm8 k|zf/0f ug{ ;Sb}gf}+ pkTosf j/k/ %)) k|ltzt / u|fdL0f cfu|x ul/P klg klG5g] u/]sf] pgsf]
u'0 fsf/L t/sf/Lsf] d' No clxn] dfu a]nfotdf x'G5 . la|6]g, hd{g agfPsf ljb] z L nufgLsf l6eL eg]/ ljb]zL Rofgnsf k|ltlglwn] e]udf @!)) k|ltzt;Dd ef8f j[l4 bfaL 5 . efof]g]6 sDo'lgs]zg
cfsfl;Psf] 5 t/ ljZjdf Pp6f ;d]t w]/} o'/f]lkog b]zx?df o;sf] Rofgnx? nf]slk|o 5g\ \ . tL Rofgnx? elg;s]sf 5g\\ . lj1fkg g/fvL u/]sf]n] OG6/g]6 / s]an 6]lnlehgsf] k|flnsf cWoIf ljgo af]x/fn] kf]nsf]
xfdL lsg]/ 3/ 3/ k'¥ofpF5f}+ . of] ;fdfu|L k|zf/0f ug]{ l6eL Rofgn x]g{ ;]jf lbO/x]sf sDkgLx¿ ef8f gltg]{ ef8f a9fpg] k|flws/0fsf] k|lqmof
o:tf] t/sf/L klg 5 h;sf] efp v]tL ul/G5 . o;nfO{ h+undf a;Gt c8fg /fv]sf x'g\ . hfoh gePsf] atfP . …ltg} {
;'Gbf g} l/+u6f nfU5 . h;nfO{ vl/b lCt'sf] ;dodf nufOG5 . t/ afx|} sf/f]af/df tL ljb]zL Rofgnsf w]/} dx+uF f] kg{ hfG5 . ljb]zL Rofgn
n]vfsf sd{rf/L a;]{lg g]kfn cfP/ ;~rfnsx?n] lj1fkg k|zf/0f ug{ k|flws/0fn] ut c;f/df …clK6sn g;Sg]u/L ef8f tf]lsPkl5 xfdL
u/]/ vfg] xQkQ s;}sf] lxDdt g} dflxgf pdfg{ ;lsG5 . hf8f] df};ddf kmfOa/ s]an ;]jf ;~rfng ;DaGwL k5fl8 x6]sf xf},+ Ú pgn] eg], …;/sf/n]
lx;fa u5{g \ . pgLx? n]vfk/LIf0fsf gkfpg] xf] eg] g]kfndf eO/x]sf] Jofkf/
x' Fb}g . xf] k ;"6\; gfdsf] Pp6f o;sf] af]6 d5{ . Psbd} rf8f] a9\g] nflu g]kfndf dfq} xf]Og, a+unfb]z, aGb ug]{ 3f]if0ff klxn] g} u/L;s]sf lgb]l{ zsf, @)&#ÚnfO{ ;+zf]wg ub}{ gofF OG6/g]6df !# k|ltzt Eof6 nufof],
t/sf/L kfO{G5 h;sf] d'No ljZjdf of] t/sf/Lsf] /+u a}hgL x'G5 . a9\b} >Ln+sf, e'6fgnufot d'n's klg 5g\ \ . To:tf] eof] eg] xfd|f] Joj;fo ef8fb/ sfod u/]sf] lyof] . To; To;nfO{ ;dfof]hg u¥of} + . km]l/ kf]nsf]
g} ;jf{lws dx+uf] 5 . o;sf] d'No ! uPkl5 xl/of] /+usf] x'G5 . ta of] pgLx? g} k'U5g\\ . w/fzoL x'G5 . w]/s } f] /f]huf/L u'D5 . cl3;Dd k|flws/0fn] k|ltkf]nsf] lx;fadf ef8f a9fP/ xfdLn] s;/L ;]jf lbg] <Ú
xhf/ o'/f] cyf{t emG8} ! nfv #) t/sf/L vfgsf] nflu of]Uo x'G5 . of] pgLx?sf] egfOcg';f/ klg st} g]kfndf lSng lkm8 nfu" ug{ tL ljb]zL ef8f lnFb} cfPsf] lyof] . lgb]l{ zsf o;} a Lr, g] k fn ljB' t \
xhf/ g]kfnL ?k}ofF k|lt s]hL k5{ . t/sf/L olt l56f] l56f] a9\5 sL klg lSnglkm8 nfu' ePsf] 5}g . Rofgnx?n] klg g]kfnd} dfs]l{ 6ª o'lg6 ;+zf]wgkl5 tf/sf] df]6fO cg';f/ k|flws/0fsf k|aGw lgb]z { s s'ndfg
lasl;t b]zx?df eg] o;sf] dfu o;nfO{ ;dodf g} sfl6Pg eg] nx/f b'jO{df ;d]t lSnglkm8 5}g . g]kfn vf]Ng' k5{ . pgLx?n] cfkm}n] lj1fkg k|ltlsnf]ld6/sf cfwf/df z'Ns lng] l3l;ªn] s]jn 6]lnlehg / OG6/g]6
lbgfg'lbg a9\bf] 5 . of] lgs} u'0fsf/L aG5 hf] vfgsf] nflu pko'Qm x'Fbg}  . ef/tdf h'g lj1fkg k|zf/0f x'G5, vf]h]/ g]kfnaf6 a]Un} k|zf/0fsf] Joj:yf 5 . gofF Joj:yf cg';f/ ;]jf k|bfosn] kf]ndf 6fFUg] tf/sf]
ToxL lj1fkg b'jO{df klg k|zf/0f Joj:yf ldnfpg' kg]{ x'G5 . h'g k|flws/0fsf] ## s]eLP k|;f/0f nfOgsf] gofF ef8fb/df d+ u naf/;Dd
pRr /Qmrfk lgoGq0f ug]{ eP
sf7df8f}F . ljZjdf clxn] w]/} j0f{g ul/Psf] 5 .
eO/x]sf] d lel8of] lSnk g} lbg ;S5' .
o;sf/0f e'6fg h:tf] b]zdf t nfu"
Joj;flos lx;fan] kmfObfhgs gx'g]
eg]/ pgLx?n] k|zf/0f g} aGb ug]{
kf]naf6 P8LP;P; kmfOa/ tfg] afkt
k|flws/0fnfO{ dfl;s k|ltlsdL ¿= #))
;Demf}tf gu/] tf/ sf6\g ;'? ul/g]
atfPsf 5g\ . l3l;ªn] Joj;foLnfO{
dflg; pRr /Qmrfk -xfO{ An8k|];/_ Kofh M Kofhdf /x] s f] ePsf] s'/f g]kfndf lsg gx'g] eGg] :ki6 kf/]sf 5g\ \ . g]kfndf k|zf/0f ef8f ltg{k' g]5{  . o:t}, ## s]eL k|;f/0f d+unaf/ 5nkmnsf nflu af]nfPsf]
ts{ ;Toaf6 6f9f 5 . g]kfnsf] x'g] l6eL Rofgnx?df hL g]6js{ nfOgsf] kf]naf6 kmfOa/ tfg] afkt / ;f] lbg;Dd klg Joj;foL
sf sf/0f k|tfl8t 5g\ \ . o;af6 aRg PlG6clS;8]G 6 ˆn' a]g n, Sofl;g @$ sf]/ df]6fO;Ddsf] tf/ k|of]u ug]n { ] k|flws/0fsf] ;Dks{df gcfP tf/
lrlsT;ssf] d f hfg' t 5F b} 5, cflbn] An8k|];/nfO{ ;Gt'lnt /fVg sflGtk'/ t b'jO{df klg b]vfOG5 . leqsf afx]s ;a} u}/ef/tLo x'g\ .
ToxfF sflGtk'/ x]g]{x?nfO{ ;f]w] x'G5 h:tf] ls ;f]gL g]6js{sf Rofgx?, :6f/ dfl;s k|ltlsdL ¿= ! xhf/ @)) sf6\g ;'? ul/g] :ki6 kf/] . k|aGw
o;afx] s klg s] xL 3/] n' pkfo d2t u5{ . lg g]kfndf ah]sf lj1fkg ToxfF ef8f ltg{ ' k g] { 5  . @% b] l v $* lgb]z
{ s l3l;ªn] eg], …xfdLn] o;clw
g]6js{sf Rofgnx? ef/tLo xf]Ogg\ .
ckgfpg ;s] d f pRr /Qmrfk bfnlrgL M bfnlrgLdf w] / } ah]sf 5g\\ ls 5}gg\ eg]/ . tL Rofgnx?df u} / ef/tLo sf]/;Ddsf] tf/ k|of]u ug]{ sDkgLn] z'q maf/;Dd Joj;foLnfO{ gofF
lgoGq0f x'g ;S5 . o:tf kbfy{ 5g\, cf}ifwLo u'0f x'G5 . o;sf] ;]jgn] g] kfndf lj1fkgsf] Joj;fo sDklgx?sf] nufgL 5 . sn;{ k|ltlsdL dfl;s ¿= ! xhf/ ()) ef8fb/df ;Demf}tf ug{ ;do;Ldf
h;sf] ;]jgn] pRr /QmrfknfO{ dw'd]x;Fu} pRr /Qmrfkh:tf /f]u ug]{x?n] k|efljt kf/]/ of] ljw]os Rofgns} s'/f ug]{ xf] eg] o;sf] ;o / $* sf]/eGbf a9L df]6fOsf] lbPsf lyof} + . o;cjlwdf Joj;foLn]
lgoGq0f u5{g\ M klg lgoGq0f x'G5 . NofOPsf] xf] eGg] dnfO{ nfU5 . jif{sf] :jfldTj efofsdsf] 5 . lxGbL efiffdf kmfOa/ k|of]u ug]{n] k|ltlsdL dfl;s xfdL;Fu ;Demf}tf u/]gg\ .Ú l6eL tyf
abfd M abfddf kfOg] cn}+rL M Ps cg';Gwfgcg';f/ * ca{sf] lj1fkgsf] Jofkf/ x'G5 k|zf/0f x'g] ePsf]n] xfdLnfO{ tL ;a} ¿= @ xhf/ &)) ef8f ltg{' kg] { OG6/g]6 ;]jf k|bfos sDkgLnfO{
df] g f] : ofr' / ] 6] 8 ˆof6n] /utdf pRr /Qmrfksf la/fdLn] sl/a tLg g]kfndf . olb ef/tLo lj1fkg aGb ef/tLo Rofgn h:tf] nfU5 . t/ k|flws/0fn] Joj:yf u/]sf] 5 . k|flws/0fn] gofF ef8f b/df ;Demf}tf
sf]n]:6«f]n n]en sd u5{ . ;fy}, dlxgf;Dd lgoldt ¿kdf cn}FrL x' g ] xf] eg] Tof] ;a} g] k fnL To:tf] x'Fbg}  . g]kfndf o:tf] ljw]os g]kfn s]an Pzf]l;Pzg tyf ;'la;' ug{ ;ft lbgsf] ;do;Ldf tf]ss ] f]
wdgLnfO{ ;kmf u5{ . o;n] ubf{ ;]jg u/]df /f]u 7Ls x'G5 . Joj;foLx?n] g} kfpF5g\\ eg]/ P]g Nofpgdf rflx …cN6«f g];glnhdÚ n] s]ang]6 k|flnsf cWoIf ;'wL/ k/fh'nLn] lyof] . pQm ;do ;Ldf z'qmaf/
/Qmrfk 36\5 . h}t'g M o'/f]ksf d]l86]l/og If]qdf kf; ug{ vf]lhPsf] xf] . g]kfnsf klg sfd u/]sf] 5 eGg] nfU5 . sf7df8f}+ pkTosf j/k/ %)) k|ltzt ;lsPsf] xf] .
n;' g M n;' g df kfOg] Ps h}t'gsf] t]n a9L k|of]u ul/G5 .
/;fogn] xfOk/6] G ;g 36fpF 5  .
n;'gsf] of] u'0faf/] cfo'j]{bdf klg
h}t'gn] pRr /Qmrfk lgsf] kf/]sfn]
g} o;sf] k|of]u ul/Psf] xf] .
s'g} klg sfd ;fgf] / 7"nf] x'“b}g . >d ug{ glxrlsrfcf}+ .
g]=s=kf=dflysf]===== df]xg j}B g]tT[ jsf] g]skf -qmflGtsf/L
dfcf]jfbL_, uf]kfn ls/fFtL g]t[Tjsf]
>dsf] ;Ddfg u/f}+ . pTkfbg / pTkfbsTj a9fpg lzlIft
sbds} sf/0f b]z df n8fOF x' g]
atfPsf 5g\ . lj/f]w;efnfO{ ;Daf]wg
ub}{ g]tf uh'/]nn] hgo'4nfO{ wf]sf
g]skf -dfcf]jfbL s]Gb|_ / b]zeQm
hgu0ftflGqs df]rf{ g]kfnn] pQm / ;r]t agf}+ / c¿nfO{ klg agfcf}+ .
lj/f]w;efsf] cfof]hgf u/]sf lyP .
lbP/ clxn] ;+;bLo Joj:yfsf 7]sb] f/ ;fy} sfnfkfgLnufot ;Ldf ef/tn]
eP/ a;]sf k|r08 / afbnx?sf] ldr] s f] eGb} ;/sf/sf] wf/0ff g]k fn ;/sf/
e|i6 a'l4n] d'n'sdf km]l/ eLif0f n8fO{ ;fj{hlgs ug{ dfu u/]sf 5g\ .
x'g] r]tfjgL lbP . ;efsf jQmfx?n] Pg;]n, ;'g, jfO8a8L, lgd{nf kGt ;~rf/ tyf ;"rgf k|ljlw dGqfno
k|ltaGw x6fpg ;/sf/;Fu dfu u/] .
;efdf Clif s§]n g]t[Tjsf] g]skf,
xTofsf08sf bf]ifLdfly sf/jfxL ug{
;/sf/;Fu dfu u/]sf 5g . ;"rgf tyf k|;f/0f ljefu
@)&^ ;fn j}zfv @( ut] cfOtaf/ 3

tfgfzfxLs/0fsf] vt/flj?4 ;+3if{ h?/L


g] k fndf clxn] eO/x] s f]
gfu/Lstf ljt/0fn] g]kfn g} /xg]
!= @))& kmfu'g & df k|hftGq
cfPsf] 3f] i f0ffkl5 nuQ} /fhf
%= @)#%–#^ ;fndf 7' n f]
cfGbf]ng eof] . To;kl5 lgb{nLo
lu/Lhfn] dWofjwL r'gfj 3f]if0ff u/L
;DkGg klg u/] Û lg/Í'ztfsf] cEof;
cnf]stflGqs / cft+ssf/L b]Vg]
xb;Dd ljsl;t ePsf] lj8Dagfk"0f{
cu| u fdL nf] s tflGqs d" N o
dfGotfx?k|lt g} hgtfdf cljZjf;
jf g/xg] eGg] ;jf{lws uDeL/, lqe' j gn] hgtfåf/f lgjf{ l rt k~rfot Joj:yf ls ax'bnLo ;+;bLo / a9f]Q/Lsf] b'vb\ lj8Dagf o:tf];Dd l:ytL 5 . l7s o:t} k|sf/n] of] / ljt[i0ff al9/x]sf] 5 Û
;+j]bgzLn / eofjx l:yltsf] l;h{gf k|ltlglwx?sf] ;ef ;+ljwfg;efn] Joj:yf s'g l7s egL hgdt ;+u|x eof] ls k| d lu/Lhfsf] Psn k|s[ofdf /fHokIfn] /fd|f] ubf{ klg !@= zlQm s]Gb|Ls/0fsf] kl5Nnf]
u/]sf] 5 / o;sf] ;dfwfgsf] nflu agfPsf] ;+ljwfgaf6 zf;g ;+rfng eof] t/ sfË|]; / sDo'lg:6sf] cem} tfgfzfxL lrGtg–k| j [ l Qn] ubf{ ljb|fx] Ln] g/fd|f] s/f/ u/Llbg] / cfk"mn] / dflyNnf] cEof;sf qmddf
klg Ps j[xt\ / ;zQm ;+o'Qm df]rf{ u/Lg] ;fj{hlgs 3f]if0ff u/] t/ r]t gv'Nbf pgLx? aLr cem} dt}So Psflt/ /fi6« 3 ftL dxfsfnL h]–h:tf] g[z+; sfd u/]klg To;nfO{ k|wfgdGqLo k4ltdf k|wfgdGqL g}
lgdf{0fsf] cfjZostf af]w ul/Psf] ;+ l jwfg;efsf] r' g fj ePg / gePs} n ] ubf{ ;+ ; f/s} 7" n f] ;lGwdfkm{t\ b]zn] 7'nf] 3ft ;xg'k¥of] dxfg\ 7fGg] eofjx ;+:s[ltsf] ?kdf ;j];{ jf{ x'bF fx'bF } klg kf6L{ cWoIf ;d]t
xf] Û ;fy} oltg} a]nf /fli6«otfsf k|hftflGqs ofqf–cleofgdf cj/f]w– nf]stflGqs b]z elgPsf] ef/tsf eg] csf{lt/ g]sf / :jo+ lu/LhfnfO{ ljsl;t ePsf] b'vb cj:yf 5 Û cfh alg/xg'; u[x / cGo dGqfnosf
/fi6«3ftL h:tf] 7"nf] snÍ nfUof] Û o:tf] x'g'df cGttM kf6L{ / g]t[Tjdf ljleGg ljefux?nfO{ klg k|dsf]
gf/fo0f zdf{ oltdfq xf]Og, dWofjlw r'gfjdf
g] sfsf] ax' d t cfPg, lu/Lhfn]
ePsf] cnf] stflGqs ;+ :sf/ jf
tfgfzfxL lrGtgn] g} sfd u/]sf] 5 .
dftxtdf Nofpg';\ ;]gfkl/rfngsf]
clwsf/ ;d]t ;Lwf / ;xh?kdf
hf] nf]stGqsf] d"nL ;/sf/ agfpg ;s]gg\ a? Pdfn]sf
dgdf] x gsf] g] t[ Tjdf cNkdtsf]
!)= nf]stflGqs/0fsf] lbzfdf
ePsf ;d:of jf nf]stGqlj/f]wL
k|daf6} x'g] Joj:yf ug{ vf]Hg'; 7'nf
cfof]hgfx?sf] lgdf{0f klg k|ds}
;/sf/ aGof]  . o;/L lg/Í'z tf, lgQfGt ck|hftflGqs s[ofsnfksf] dftxtd} ug{–u/fpg nfUg' / kf6L{
xf], p;}af6 nf]stGq clwgfosjfb / tfgfzfxLs/0fsf] Pp6f r/d gd'gfsf] ?kdf k|d'v / ;dfhsf ljZjf;kfqeGbf JoQmL /
kl/0ffd g]sf / lu/Lhfsf nflu olt nf] s tflGqs bnsf] g] t f, h;n] kl/jf/sf ljZjf; kfqx?nfO{ ljlw–
z"nL r9]sf] 5 / hf] b'v b\ eof] ls cfˆgf] ax' d tsf]
;/sf/ lu/]/ k|ltåGbLsf] cNkdtsf]
;/sf/sf] g]t[Tj ;d]t ul//x]sf lyP,
n] g} ;+j}wflgs /fhfnfO{ b];sf]
Joj:yf / gLlt–lg0f{o g} ldr]/ 8an–
l6«kn lhDd]jf/L lbg', ;+3Lotf /
;a}eGbf ;/sf/ x]/] / a:g' kg] { ef]   Û cem
To;kl5 o:tf] ; Dd eof] ls
;d:ofsf] ufF7f] km'sfpg] gfddf ;Dk"0f{
clwsf/ ;'Dk]sf] cyf{t nf]stGqnfO{
;+ lawfgsf] dd{ cg' ;f/ k| b]; /
:yfgLo lgsfox?nfO{ clwsf/, cy{
qmflGtsf/L slxPsf] cfGbf]ngåf/f ˆoflsPsf] k+rfotsf
tfgfzfx zf;s ;"o{axfb'/ yfkfsf]
b/af/df nu]/ /fhfnfO{ a'emfPsf]
36gfnfO{ klg lng ;lsG5 . bnLo
/ ;|f]t k|bfg ug{'kg]{df gu/]/ ;+3d}
/ s]Gb|d} / k|d :jo+ d} /fVg vf]Hg' /
g]tT[ jdf -6fË d'lg l5/]/_ cfGbf]ngsf] Aoj:yfdf bnsf g]tfx? hgtf / lxhf] dfq} gLlt tyf sfo{qmddf g]kfn
5, p;}af6 ;jf{lws 7"nf] / zlQmzfnL zlQm g]sf hgtGqsf] eGbf klg /fhf / ;/sf/ hgtfsf] ;/sf/ / xfd|f]
;QfkIf ag]/ cfk"m t xb};Ddsf] /fhtGqsf] Kof/f] x'g vf]Hg' / k|dsf] ;/sf/ h:tf pko'Qm, ;fd"lxs /
k|ltqmfGtL x'g] / hf] nHhf sdfpg afWo ef] ef], b]z /
cfGbf]ngsf/Lsf] OHhtdf klg wAaf
nflu /fhf;Fu b/vf:t xfNg', k|ltudg
cfwf ;lRrof] eGb} /fhfsf] lg/Í'z
hgjfbL zAbx? x'Fbfx'Fb} AolQmjfb,
cx+jfb, lghLs/0f emNsg] zAb æd]/f]
;a}eGbf /fi6«jfbL / hgjfbL b]lvPsf] xf], nufof] Û :d/0fLo 5, o;;Fu g]kfnL
sfFu|];df qmdzM b]pjf xfjL x'Fb} uP
;/sf/df bnx? ;xefuL x'g /fhfnfO{
bfd r9fpg tF5f8d5f8 ug{' h:tf
;/sf/Æ Koof] u u/]/ klg ToxL
s]Gb|Ls/0f / tfgfzfxLs/0fnfO{ g}
/ pg} k|d / kf6L{ ;efktL klg ag] Û xf:of:kb sfdx? klg x'g k'u] . :yflkt ug{ vf]h]sf] k|dfl0ft x'G5 Û
p;}af6 /fi6«3ft / hg3ft / hgtGq3ft klg *= tfgfzfxLs/0fsf] of] k|lqmofn] !!= nf] s tGqsf] k| f lKt / o:tf sfd Jojxf/x? oqtq–;j{q
g]kfnL /fhgLlts kf6L{ / cfGbf]ngdf cEof;sf qmddf g]tf eGbf gLltnfO{, b]lvFbf g]t[Tjsf] ;fvdf dfq xf]Og
t x'g] xf]nf eGg] cfd hgtfdf cfz+sf a9]sf] kb, k|lti7f, kfj/ / k};fsf] k|flKt /
kl/rfngsf] nflu lgif] w sf]
AolQmeGbf ljlwnfO{ / kf6L{ eGbf
hgtf,hgdt / hgtGq-
nf]stGqd} cfFr k'u]sf] / k|ltudg
/ k| ltqmflGt eO{ tfgfzfxLs/0f
ljlrq cj:yf 5 . To;}n] oL / o:tf ofjt /fhgLltnfO{ :yflkt u¥of] Û kmn:j?k
b];df kf6L{x? aLrdf / kf6L{x?leq
8]df]qm];L_nfO{ k|wfgtf lbOG5 / lbg'
g} kb{5 t/ ck;f]r oL ;a}sf] klg
eO/x]sf]n] nf]stGq k"/} w/fkdf k/]sf]
xf] ls eGg] cfd hgtfsf] cfz+sf /
ljleGg u'6x?sf] aLrdf c:j:y ;+3if{ lvNnL p8fP/ l7s pN6f] ug]{–u/fpg] cg'e"lt 5 .
k|sf/sf ljs[tL–lj;ËltnfO{ /f]Sg / 7f]Sg x' Fbf /fd|f ljrf/, ju{ , JoQmL / sfdx? ;d] t ePsf 5g\ \   Û dflysf ljleGg j'Fbfx?df JolQm
Jojxf/nfO{ cZjfefljs / nHhfhgs o;;Gbe{df 7'nf bnsf k|foM ;a}h;f] ljrf/ / Joxf/x?sf] ljZn]if0faf6 s]
hg:t/af6 ;d]t ;r]t, ;+ul7t / ;zQm ?kn] pk]Iff, cfnf]rgf, lj/f]w / lgif]w
ug]{ lrGtg–k|j[lQsf] ljsf; eof] Û
7'nf g]tfx? (/( dlxgfsf] b/n]
eg]h:tf] efua08f:j?k kfn}kfnf]
;+Zn]if0f / lgisif{ lg:sG5 eg] hgtf
/ /fi6«sf lgDtL ;dfgtf, :jtGqtf,
?kdf a[xt\ ;+oQ ' m df]rf{sf] u7g u/]/ Jofks o;/L kf6L{x?leq u'6x? aGb} / ;+3if{
rNb} hfF bf cfh ;+ : yfkgkIf /
k|wfgdGqL x'g]; ;fgf] b]zdf 7"nf]
;+;b\ / ;+ljwfg;ef ^)) hgfeGbf
Gofo, d'QmL, k|utL / ;d[4L h:tf
cfw'lgs nf]stGqsf nIo–p2]Zo,
k|ltkIfh:tf b'O{ :yfoL lgif]wfTds dflysf agfpg] %)–^) hgf;Ddsf d"No–dfGotf, cf:yf–lgi7f, gLlt–
kl/rfng u/L ;+3if{sf] eoÍ/ cfFlwa]x/L NofO{ k|jQ[ L / zlQmx? ljsl;t ePsf 5g\ \ Û 7' n f hDaf] dlGqd08n agfpg] g}ltstf, ljlw–ljwfg / hgtf–hgdtsf]
o;n] ubf{ Pp6} kf6L{ s f u' 6x? r'gfjdf k/flhtx?nfO{ klg dGqL– sb/ xf]Og ab/ ub}{ xfdL pN6f] lbzfdf
b];df nf]stGqsf] k"0f{ cg'el" t ug{–' u/fpg' aLrdf, Pp6} ;Qfsf kIf /
k|ltkIfx?sf aLrdf jf Pp6} b];
k|wfgdGqL klg agfpg], d'Vo g]tfsf]
vlNtaf6 r'gfjL l6s6 jf kf6L{sf]
uO/lxPsf] b'vb lj8Dagfk"0f{ / r/d
nHhf:kb l:ytL 5 .
;Rrf b];eQm, nf]stGqjfbL / sDo'lg:6 jf ;dfhdf cfwf/e"t?kdf Pp6}
jfb–l;4fGt cËfNg] efOrf/f kf6L{x?
lhDd] j f/L lbg] Pp6} JolQmnfO{
af/Daf/ ljleGg cj;/x? lbg]
pk/f]Qm ljZn]if0fsf ;Gbe{df of]
s'/f klg :d/0fLo 5 ls hf] nf]stGqsf]
qmflGtsf/Lx?sf] olta]nfsf] cxd bfloTj xf] . aLrdf cfnf]rgf, lj/f]w, eG8fkmf]/
/ lgif]w -kQf;fkm_ ug]{ b'vb / eofjx
kl/jf/ tyf cf;] k f;] /
uf;]bf;]x?nfO{ kb, k|lti7f, kfj/ /
d"nL xf], p;}af6 nf]stGq z"nL r9]sf]
5 / hf] ;a}eGbf qmflGtsf/L slxPsf]
cj:yf pTkGg ePsf] 5 Û oxL k};f k|fKt x'g] :yfgx?df etL{ ug]{ 5, p;}af6 k|ltqmfGtL x'g] / hf]
cltl/Qm hgtGq / hghLljsfsf k|Zg ;'? eof] . ;+;åfbL g]tf–zf;sx?sf] ;xof]u, lgif]wfTds lrGtg–k|j[lQn] ubf{ g} nfe, ;'ljwf / zlQm cEof;sf ;a}eGbf /fi6«jfbL / hgjfbL b]lvPsf]
k|Zgx? klg sd hl6n / uDeL/ @= @)!% ;fndf dfq aNntNn ;b\efj / ;xdlt cyjf egf}+ x's'd, d"ntM ;dljrf/, ;dju{ / ;dnIf kbx?df cfˆgf] u'6, hftL, If]q jf xf], p;}af6 /fi6«3ft / hg3ft /
5} g g\   Û To;} n ] o:tf ;d:ofx? ;+ljwfg;efsf] gePklg ;+; bLo x}sd / x:tIf]ksf sf/0f b;f}+ nfv ePsf efOrf/f kf6L{x?aLr åGå x'g 7] s ] b f/–k' F h LktL cyjf k' / fg} hgtGq3ft klg t x'g] xf]nf eGg] cfd
;dfwfgsf nflu klg zlQmzfnL / r'gfj eof], h;df g]sfn] b'O{ltxfO{ ef/tLox?nfO{ k+ rfotsf kIfdf uO{ cfk;df xToflx+;f ;d]t ug]{ Ao' /f] q m] ; Lsf cjsf;k| f Kt pRr hgtfdf cfz+sf a9]sf] ljlrq cj:yf
k|efjsf/L ;+o'Qm df]rf{ lgdf{0f g} ug{' eGbf a9L dt Nofof] / To;sf dtbfg ug{ nufO{ lgb{nLo lg/Í'; lqmofsnfkx? a9\ b} hfF bf Psn] kb:yx?nfO{ cfly{s nfesf] cfwf/df 5 . To;}n] oL / o:tf ofjt k|sf/sf
kg]{ ePsf] 5 . g]kfndf ljut ;Q/L ;+:yfks / ;Ifd g]tf jLkL k|d eP k+rfot Joj:yfnfO{ g} lhtfOof] Û csf{sf] cj;fgdf hLjg b]Vg] ;+:s[lt lgo'QmL ug]{ cflb tdfd ljs[lt– ljs[tL–lj;ËltnfO{ /f]Sg / 7f]Sg
jif{ cl3 k|hftGq cfPsf] eP jf t/ b] ; df c;lxi0f'tf, czflGt, ^= tTkZrft\ /fhf jL/]G b| sf] g} emflËg k'Uof] Û kmntM ljutdf / lj;Ëltx?n] cfh g]kfnsf] /fhgLlt hg:t/af6 ;d]t ;r]t, ;+ul7t /
elgP klg j:tljs cy{ d f c/fhstf, c:tJo:ttf / cjfl~rt kxndf ef/tsf] ;xdltlagf rLgaf6 clxn] klg g]s fleq sf] O/fnf / el/Psf] 5 Û kmntM politics is a ;zQm ?kdf a[xt\ ;+oQ' m df]rf{sf] u7g
cfdhgtfn] hLjgdf kl/jt{gsf] ultljwL a9]sf] egL /fhf dx]Gb|n] g]kfnn] xltof/ vl/b u/]kl5 o;af6 b]pjfaLr, /fk|kfleq yfkf / rGb dirty game eGg] egfO rl/tfy{ u/]/ Jofks kl/rfng u/L ;+3if{sf]
cg'e"lt x'g] u/L k|hftGq cfPsf] ;}Go s" u/L ax'bnLo k|hftflGqs gf/fh ePsf] ef/tn] g]kfndfyL jf /f0ffaLr, Pdfn]leq cf]nL / g]kfn eO{ /fhgLlt, kf6L{, g]tf / ltgsf eoÍ/ cfF l wa] x /L NofO{ b] ; df
5}g Û oBlk clxn] k|hftGqsf] pRr Joj:yf lj36g u/L lgb{nLo lg/+s'; @)$% df Ps jif{eGbf a9L gfsfjGbL aLr, dfcf]jfbLleq k|r08 / afa'/fd sfd s'/fx?k|lt dfq xf]Og, cfhsf nf]stGqsf] k"0f{ cg'el" t ug{'–u/fpg'
?k ;+3Lo nf]stflGqs u0ftGq ;d]t kGrfot Aoj:yf nfb] Û nufof] / kf6L{x?nfO{ cfGbf]ng ug{ jf ls/0faLr Psn] csf]{nfO{ lgif]w pknlAwx? h:tf] ls nf] s tGq, ;Rrf b] ; eQm, nf] s tGqjfbL /
cfPsf] 3f]if0ff ul/Psf] 5 ; tyfkL #= tTkZrft\ lj8Dagf s:tf] eof] pS;fof] Û ef/tn] dGq0ff u/]kl5 ug]{ s/f/ x'Fb} cfof] Û o;} qmddf u0ftGq, ;+ 3 Lotf, ;dfj] ; L– sDo'lg:6 qmflGtsf/Lx?sf] olta]nfsf]
Psflt/ ;j{ ; fwf/0f hgtfnfO{ eg] g]sf / g]skfsf sltko zLif{ g]kfnL sfË|]; / sDo'lg:6sf g]tfx? Pdfn] ;Qf;Lg x'Fbf dfcf]jfbLnfO{ ;dfg'kfltstf / wd{lg/k]Iftf h:tf cxd bfloTj xf] . c:t' Û
sfunfO{ a]n kfs] h:tf] xif{ g g]tfx?n] lj/f]w, k|lt/f]w / cj/f]w ;+ o ' Q m¿kdf geP klg æcnu cftÍsf/L eGg], bdg ug]{ / l;4fpg]
lj:dftsf] cj:yf eO/x]sf] 5 eg]
;r] t /fhgLlts zlQm, JolQm,
ug{'sf] ;f6f] /fhf dx]Gb|, pgsf] s" /
lgb{nLo / lg/Í'z k+rfot Joj:yfnfO{
df]rf{af6 Ps lgzfgfdf k|xf/ ug]{Æ
u/L k~rfotlj?4 @)$^ df k|hftGq
ug]{ clg dfcf]jfbLn] klg Pdfn]nfO{
cj;/jfbL / k| lts[ o fjfbL eGb} n]v, /rgf;DaGwL ;"rgf
;+3;+:yf tyf af}l4s, ;fdflhs, ;dy{g / ;xof]u u/] Û kmn:j?k k'g{:yfkgfsf nflu 7"nf] cfGbf]ng gl;WofO{ g5f8\g] ub}{ cfP Û xfn of]
;flxlTos, wfld{ s / ;f+ : s[ lts lgbnLo / lg/Í'z k+rfot @) jif{ eof]   . Tolta] n f klg k" 0 f{ lgif]wfTds k|j[lQ ;Qf;Lg g]skfn] o; ;fKtflxsdf k|sfzgfy{
JolQmTj / g] t [ T j stf{ – lgljjfb h:t} l6Sof] . k|hftGqlj/f]wL, /fhtGqjfbL / ef/tLo ljb|f]xL g]skfnfO{ n'6]/f / cftÍsf/L
cleoGtfx?nfO{ klg ;+ljwfg, lgod, $= @)## df jLkL sf]O/fnf ef/t zlQmx?s} sf/0f ;+jw} flgs /fhtGqfTds ;d"x s/f/ ub}{ k|ltaGw ug]{ / bdg /fli6«o÷cGt/f{li6«o dxTjsf n]v,
sfg"g / 3f]if0ffkqx?df lnlvt / lgjf{; gaf6 æ/fhf / d]/f] 3fF 6L ;+ ; bLo k| hftGqdf cfGbf] n gsf] ug]{ clg ljb|fx] Ln] abnf:j?k ljleGg
k/Dk/fut ?kaf6} k|bQ jf k|fKt
eO/x]sf clwsf/x? klg vf]l;g] jf
hf]l8Psf] 5,Æ æ kGrb]lv sfË|;] gt;{
/ sfË|];b]lv kGr gem:sÆ cflb eGb}
aGWofs/0f ul/of] . o;/L /fhtGq cyf{t\
lg/+sz ' tfs} kIfkf]if0f eof] Û
k|lt/f]wfTds / k|ltzf]wfTds ljb|f]x
/ lj:kmf]6sf sfd–sfo{jfxLx? u/fP/
/rgf / tl:j/x¿ pknAw u/fO{
glbOg] cyjf ;Lldt / s'l07t u/Lg]
ul/P/ Ps–cfw zlQm / JolQmdf clwsf/
/fli6« o d]n ldnfksf] gLlt lnP/
cfTd;dk{0fsf] ?kdf /fhf / b];nfO{
&= @)$* df ;+ ;bsf] cfd
lgjf{rg eof] . g]sfn] ax'dt Nofof] Û
cftlÍt ug]{ xb;Dd ljsl;t x'g
k'u]sf] b'vb / eofjx l:ytL 5 .
;xof]u k'¥ofpg' x'g ;DalGwt
/ zlQmsf] s]Gb|Ls/0f ul/Psf] 5 .
g] k fndf /f0ff zf;gkl5
PstkmL{ ;xof]u ug]{u/L cfˆgf s]xL
;xof]uL g]tfx?sf ;fy g]kfndf k|jz ]
lu/Lhf k|;fb sf]O/fnf k|d ePkl5
/fi6«3ftL dxfsfnL ;lGw eof] Û b]z
(= nf] s tGqsf] ;+ s ' r g /
clwgfosLs/0fsf] of] k|s[ofdf ;Qf
;a}df cg'/f]w ul/G5 .
democracy cfPkl5 ePsf u/] t/ ef/tLo k|d OlGb/f ufGwLsf] t b'O{ ˆofsdf ljeQm eof] g}, ;ª\;ª} / zlQmdf x'g]n] cfk"mn] h]–h:tf]
kZrudg jf k|ltudg cyjf egf}+
tfgfzfxLs/0f;Fu ;DalGwt s]xL
lgb]{zgdf g]kfn ;/sf/n] z/0fsf]
d/0f ub}{ lu/ˆtf/ u/]/ h]ndf sf]Rof]
7'nf kf6L{x?leq klg rsf]{ cGtlj{/f]w
cfof]   Û kl/0ffd:j¿k Pdfn] d f
bdgsf/L sfd u/] klg To;nfO{
nf]stflGqs b]Vg] t/ ;8s / ;+3if{df If]Kof:q ;fKtflxs
typical 36gfx?sf] km]xl/:t o:tf] / ;+ j fb–;xsfo{ s f] 9f] s f y' g ] / ljefhg cfof] eg] lu/Lhfsf] ;/sf/ x'g] ljb|f]xLn] h]–h:tf nf]stflGqs yfkfufp“, sf7df8f}+, kmf]gM (*$!$)#*%!
5M lg/+s'ztfsf] r/d cEof; u¥of] Û klg cNkdtdf kfl/of] / k| d sfdx? ubf{ klg ltgnfO{ E-mail : chhepyastra@gmail.com
4 @)&^ ;fn j}zfv @( ut] cfOtaf/

3[0ff / ckdfgnfO{ k|d] n] g} k/f:t ug{ ;S5


alh{t x'g'kg]{ laifo / wf/0ff s]xL h'gL, k[YjLsf] cfo' /x];Dd uf}td klg s'/fsf] ;fdwfg x'Fb} xf]Og, emg\ efjx?sf] ;+of]hg u/L cfˆgf lgisif{ ;fdfGoeGbf ;fdfGo /x]sf] x'G5 olb x'G5 . To;}n] lgof]lht k"jf{u|xk"0f{
5 / x'G5 eg] Tof] xf] 3[0ff / ckdfg . cd/, ch/ / cljgfzL /xG5g\\ . ;fdfGo s'/fdf lgif]w, Ps csf{sf] cleJoQm cfhsf] n]vsf] ;f/ x'g]5 . s;}n] s;}nfO{ d tF;Fu l/;fp5' eGof] cfj]unfO{ /f]Sg a9L ;do, a9L
k[YjLnf]sdf xf];\ of kl/slNkt cgGt pgsf] zflGtjfbL bz{g / clx+;fTds a'emfOdf sdL x'Fbfsf] lgif]w, unt htftt} 5tf5'Nn cfqmf]z, 3[0ff, eg] t l/;fP s]xL x'Gg eGg] hjfkm d]xgt nfU5 . Tof]eGbf Ifl0fs cfj]u
nf]sdf 3[0ff, ckdfg / abnfsf] efj cWofo ;w}+ ;fGble{s / u'0fu|fxL eP/ u/fO{eGbf unt a'emfOsf] sf/0f k}bf k|ltzf]w / lx+;f b]lvPsf] 5 . ;fdfGo lbg'sf] ;§f l/;fpg' g/fd|f] s'/f xf], / qmf]wnfO{ /f]Sg sd ;do / ;fgf]
5, x'G5 / lyof] eG5g\\ dfG5]x?, ;+;f/df lblUjhosf] Hof]lt k|Hjlnt ePsf] lgif]w emg\ 3fts / cfTd3ftL dgd'6fj, ;fdfGo c;dembf/L a9]/ gl/;fp x} dfq} elglbbf klg slt ;fjwfgL, ;dGjon] klg ;lsG5 .
ljleGg nf] s k/nf] s sf e}/xG5 . pgn] 3[0ff alh{t u/] . 5g\\, x'G5g\\, b]lvPsf] 5 . eofgs lx+; f / If0fe/d} Psn] km/s k5{ . Tolt ld7f] hjfkmn] JolQmut 36gfdf cfkm}F b'j} kIf
kl/sNkgfsf/x? . csf]{ nf]s / cnu 3[0ffsf] aGb]h eg]sf] clx+;f klg b' /L a9fP/ s'g } klg s' /fsf] csf]{nfO{ l;Wofpg], rl/q xTof ug]{ l/;sf] kf/f] cfkm ;] cfkm 36\g a;]/ ;d:of ;fdfwfg ug]{, Ps
wtL{ cfsfzsf] xf]Og, oxL nf]s cem xf] . clx+;f xTof / 3ftdf dfq pkrf/ e]l6Gg . hlt ;Sof] b'/L sd / ef}lts ?kdf g} ;vfk kfg]{ ;Ddsf ;S5 . lx+;fsf] lgjf/0f / cfwf/nfO{ a;fO{df ePg eg] csf]{ a;fO{ /f]Hg],
xfd|f] e'lddf k| of]u ePsf 3[0ff, ;Lldt 5} g , cfhsn lx+ ;fnfO{ u/]/ ;fldKodf /x]/ lhGbuLdf /x]sf, 36gf lbglbg} ;fj{hlgs ePsf 5g\\ . slxNo} cxdsf] laifo agfpg' x'Gg . ;se/ cfkm}F ;dfwfg lgsfNg] . olb
c;dembf/LnfO{ cgfjZos ;DaGw ePsf] sf/0f g} slxn]sfxLF To;f] ug{ ;lsPg eg] ljZjfl;nf]
;+hLj sfsL{ tGsfpF bf, hl6n ag] / k| ] d k" 0 f{ ;d:of cfpg] xf] . cfˆg} dfG5];Fu, b'j}sf] e/kbf]{, ;se/ gftfsf] dfG5]
ljZjf;, e/f];f, ;Ddfg / dfofsf] ljZjf; ul/Psf] dfG5];Fu k}bf x'g] geP To:t} e/f]; fof]Uo ;fyLsf]
;Qfwf/L sfo{stf{ e]8f / ;+;f/ PsfPs v/fgL ePsf b[i6fGt
;a}sf cfFvfdf laemfPsf] cfhsf]
;fdfGo e|dnfO{ 7'nf] / cfklQsf] ljifo
agfpg' x'Gg, ag]df ;dembf/Lsf] dfu{
dWo:ytf /f]Hg ;lsG5 . czflGtaf6
zflGtdf k' Ug' eg] s f] lx+ ; f/lxt
ljj]sxLg e} xfn] kf6L{ g]tf tLtf] ;To xf] . cl;d nufj, ljZjf;
/ e/f];fsf] kxf8 /ftf/ft eTs]sf]
cjnDag ug{ ' k 5{   . cfk;L
;dembf/Lsf] nflu h;n] k|folZrt
l;h{ g fTds cj:yf xf]   . dgdf
czflGt, cljZjf; / låljbf af]s]/
b]lvG5, sf/0f vf]Hbf Tolt eofgs u/]/ af]n] klg cxd\ glnP ;d:ofsf] a:g'eGbf zflGtsf] :jfz lng' >]o:s/
/ ltgsf lj?4 af]Ng ljj]s / ckTofl/nf] nfUb}g s]xL ckjfbnfO{ ;dfwfg l56} lg:sG5 . jiff} {+ sf] 5 . czflGt, dgf]dflnGo k|ultsf]
5f]8]/ . ;fdfGo s'/f ;xg g;Sg], ljZjf; kne/sf] c;dembf/LeGbf afws xf] . czflGtn] r}g x/fpF5 .
aGws 5 s;/L af]Ng' hf] g;xg] gfddf ;fdfGo s'/f klg ;xg alnof] x'G5, olb ;dembf/Ldf k'Ug] s]xL ;xFbf, a'‰bf zflGt / cfgGb
ug]{ Ifdtf g/fVg], n3' z+sf / n3' r]i6f xf] eg] . k|fKt x'G5 eg] lsg czfGt / ljrlnt
af]N5g tL kf6L{ cg'zf;g ;f]r g} k|foM ;DaGwdf b/f/ cfpg]
sf/0fsf] ?kdf d}n] vf]Hbf e]§fPsf]
ufnL ubf{, l/;fpFbf eg]sf] s'/fnfO{
k|dfl0ft u/ eg]/ c8\sf] yflkof] eg]
eP/ cfkm'nfO{ /f]ufpg] < 3[0ff /
cledfgnfO{ s]jn k|]dn] k/f:t ug{
gePsf c/fhs rl/q x'g . tYo xf] . tYo w]/} 5g\\ / x'G5g\\, w]/}
sf]0faf6 o;sf] AofVof ljZn]if0f ug{
;d:of c? aNemG5 . cfj] udf
elgPsf] s'/fsf] k|folZrt eGg]n]
;lsG5 . cfk;L ljZjf;sf] klxnf]
zt{ eg]sf] :jLsf/f]lQm cyf{t q'6L,
df}/L aGg' eGbf cl/+ufn ag]/ lakIfLk|lt vlgg' ;lsG5 t/ c;dembf/Lsf] sf/0fnfO{
h]g]/nfOh ubf{ ;fdfGo s'/fnfO{
ug{k' 5{ clg elg dfUg]n] klg lgof]lht
3[0ff / abnfsf] efjlagf cfqmf]znfO{
uNtL, sdL sdhf]/Lsf] l/onfOh];g
xf] . ;f}xfb{t| fk"j{s sdhf]/L cfTd;fy
c;fdfGo 9+un] cfkm' cg's'n a'‰g' Ifdfbfg lbP/ ;xh agfpg' k5{ . ugf{n ] ljZjf;sf] jftfj/0f c?
sfo{stf{sf] wd{ ePsf] 5 . k|ltkIfsf] d've/L kfgL hDg' / To;}df s], lsg, s;/L, sxfF, sf] ;+;f/df ;a}eGbf 7'nf] bfg eg]/ km/flsnf] / xflb{s aG5 . k|]d ?kL
cflb cgfjZos k|Zgsf] 3]/fdf k'Ug' IfdfbfgnfO{ a' lemG5, kl/eflift xltof/ rnfpg uf}td a'4 x'g' kb}{g,
/x:odo / vf]tNg] ljifo agfpFbf kqsf/sf] eljiodf g} ;DaGwdf b/f/ cfpg'sf] k|f/lDes ul/G5 . Ifdfbfg ul/lbg] dfG5] dxfTdf ufGwL aGg' kb}g{ , h'g;'s} 3/,
sf/0f xf] . slxNo} ;fgf] x'Fb}g . Ifdfbfg klg vfgbfg, lzlIft, clzlIft, s'lng
j}olQms nfe xfgLsf] ljifo gag]sf] eP x'GYof] . b]zdf k|f/lDes sf/0fnfO{ k|f/lDes
r/0fdf g} Psfk;df a;] / dg
:d[ltdf /fv]/ x}g, lj:d[ltdf ws]n]/
lng'–lbg'df o;sf] dxTj / ul/df
cs'lng, /fhf, /+s ;a}n] ;Sg] s'/f
xf] . dfq dfG5]sf] dgleq ljj]s
;a} kf6L{sf laBfyL{ ;+3 ;+u7g h'emf? / ultjfg 5g\ vf]ltlnof], dg dflemof] eg] To;n]
k|Tofl;t lgsf; kfpg ;S5 cGoyf
5 . cfsl:ds ck/fw sfg'gn] ;d]t
;hfosf] sd efuLbf/ 7x5{ eg]
x'g 'k5{ . ljj]s L aGg hft, wd{,
;+:s[lt, ?k, /ª / cfsf/n] aGb]h
olta]nf ltgLx?sf] h'emf?kg lghL :s'n / sn]hsf of] a9\b} uof] eg] ck|Tofl;t /
csNkgLo l:yltdf gk'¥ofpnf eGg
kf/:kl/s ldngsf] nflu of]
c;dembf/Lsf] ljifo aGg' / agfOg'
ub}g{  . k|]d ?kL xltof/ pbfQ Åbosf]
kl/rfos xf] . wfl/nf] k|]dsf] xltof/
;lsGg . plrt x'Gg . Psl5gsf] ljgd|tf, af]sf}+, af}l4s / snfTds Aojxf/
Aofkf/L;Fu s;/L s':t c;'Ng] / cfˆ gf] nflu k|fOe]6 cfsl:ds ?kdf unt a'emfO{ / k|folZrt / c;n lgotn] v/fa x'g /f]hf},+ ;don] b'vfPsf 3fpx? ;dosf]
;f] rfOn] k} bf ePsf] 3[ 0 ff lsg nfu]sf] ;DaGw, ck/fwLs/0f pGd'v dndkl§n] g} l7s x' G5 . k| ]d n]
:s'nx?df a9L eGbf a9L sf]6f ;'/lIft /fVg] lx+;fTds aG5 < unt a'emfO{sf]
sf/0f Ps csf{df dfG5]x? qmf]lwt
Aojxf/df abnfj cfP/ ;'v, zflGt
/ cfgGbsf] ;+;f/ e]l6G5 eg] 3[0ff,
d[ To' n fO{ lhTg ;Sb} g c? ;a}
;f+;fl/s a:t'nfO{ k|d] n] ;lhn} k/f:t
slDkl6;gdf vr{b} 5g\ . st} efp gldn]sf] 7fpFdf aG5g\\ / ef]ln / Psl5g\ kl5sf]
kl/0ffdsf] Vofn ub}{gg\ / h] klg
abnf, ckdfg, cfqmf]znfO{ k|]d,
ljZjf; ;b\efj, cfb/ / cfbz{df
ug{ ;S5 . d[To' klg k|]dsf] sf/0f
;xh aGg r} ;S5 . 3[0ff alh{t,
;f+sl] ts la/f]w eGbf a9L s]xL gb]lvg' of] s'/fsf] af]N5g\\, eG5g\ . sxfjt g} 5 lg,
l/;sf] emf]sdf dfG5]n] a]b k'/f0f k9]/
?kfGt/0f lsg gug]{ < l/;sf] cfj]u
kfunkg xf] lgof]lht kfunkg /
k|]d cflh{t u/f}+, a'4 e"lddf k|]dn]
l;+ rg u/f} +   . 3[ 0 ff, cledfg,mf:
a:b}g, tyfgfd af]N5 / cfkm'nfO{ cfsl:ds kfunkgdf w]/} cGt/ ckdfg eg]sf cGwsf/sf k|lts x'g,
HjnGt pbfx/0f / k|df0f xf] . laBfyL{ ;+3;+u7g l7s b]vfpg csf]{nfO{ unt lrlqt /xG5 . j}/efjdf kL8f b'j} kIfn] xfd|f] /f]hfO{ pHofnf] xf], pHofnf] k|d] n]
ug{ x'g]–gx'g] ;a} af]N5 / cfˆgf] ef]us ] f] x'G5 . s;}n] s;}nfO{ ;tfpFbf cg'e"t u/fpF5 . Ifl0fs ?kdf nfUg]
sd{sf08L JoQmJo hf/L u/]/ rsf]{ z'Nssf] la/f]wdf ts{ alnof] kfg{ vf]H5 . of] dfgjLo ;tfpg] klg kL8fd' Q m x' F b } g  . afbn / t'jF fnf]nfO{ pHofnf]n] x6fpg]
:jefj xf] t/ of] b'a{ntf klg xf] . cfsl:ds l/; kfunkg Ifdfof]Uo ;fdYo{ /fV5 .
;"rgf kf6L{sf] leQf] /+ufp5g . olta]nf b'j} kIf w}o{ ug{ ;Sb}gg\ /
nf~5gf, cf/f]k / ufnLsf] xb gf£g
k' U 5g\   . Psfsf{ d f r/d 3[ 0 ff
!) nfv hgfj/ / af]6lj?jfsf]
ckdfg, abnfsf] rrf{ u/f}+ . 3[0ffn]
3[0 ffnfO{ lhTg ;Sb}g, ckdfgn]
jf0fLåf/f lgld{t lx+;fsf] ?kdf klg
a'lemG5 . ofgLls s6' af]n]/ c?k|lt
b]lvPsf / e}kl/cfPsf c;dembf/L
/ uTofj/f]w x6fpg ;lsG5 . unt
af]S5g\\ . 3[0ff cfkm}+df lx+;f xf] .
lx+;fsf] dfqf dfG5]sf] :jefj / lhg
cl:tTj ;+s6df Û
ckdfgnfO{ x/fpg ;Sb} g , ul/g] lx+ ; f, k/kL8s u| G yLsf] u/fOn] sd, unt a'emfOn] w]/} ;Demf}tf cg';f/, kl/l:ylthGo cj:yfg';f/ sf7df8f}F . ;+o'Qm /fi6«;+3sf] Pp6f cWoogn] k[YjLsf sl/a !) nfv
abnfefjn] abnf s]xL ;dosf nflu k|efjdf ul/g] If'b| / v/fa af]nL / s/f/gfdfx? e+ u ePsf 5g\ \ , km/s x'G5 t/ b'j}n] lx+;fsf] ;xf/f hgfj/ / af]6lj?jfsf k|hflt nf]k x'g] vt/fdf /x]sf] b]vfPsf] 5 . k|ltj]bgn]
lng ;S5 t/ cgGtsfn;Dd klg lx+ ; fsf] ?k xf]   . k/kL8g ;fdfGo lhGbuLsf Aojxf/x?df tfn lnPsf x'G5g\\ . o:tf] lx+;f sd ug{, o;cl3 slxNo} g;f]lrPsf] ultdf k|s[ltdf x|f; cfO/x]sf] 7x/ u/]sf] xf] .
hf]ufpg ;Sb}g . abnfsf] lzsf/ c?nfO{ kL8f lbP/ k|fKt x'g] v'zL, a]tfn b]lvPsf 5g\\ . clxn] emg\ k'gM ;dembf/L a9fpg s] ug]{ t < dflg;sf nflu rflxg] vfBfGg / pmhf{sf] dfu cTolws a9\bf k|s[ltdf /x]sf
:jo+ abnf x'g]5 s'g}lbg, t;y{ oL :jkL8g cfkm}+nfO{ kL8f lbP/ k|fKt ;fdlhs ;+hfndf l56} hf]l8g] / l56} a'4n] eg] em}F ;+;f/df b'Mv 5 t/ !) nfv hgfj/ / af]6lj?jfsf] cl:tTj ;+s6df k/]sf] k|ltj]bgdf pNn]v
efj, ;f]rfO{ / wf/0ffdf ;+od / w}o{ x'g] t'li6 oL b'a} lx+;fsf ?k x'g\ . tf]l8g] ljs[ltsf] qmd au|]NtL rn]sf] b'Mvsf] sf/0f 5– lx+ ; f, abnf, 5 . hldg, ;d'b| tyf cfsfzdf dfgjLo ultljlwsf] g/fd|f] c;/ k/]sf]
rflxG5 . w}o{ ug{ ;lsPg eg] ;fdfGo lx+;f kl/ToQm lrh xf], u|x0fzLn 5 . eujfgx? /fIf; / /fIf;x? cledfg, k|ltzf]w / 3d08 . ;a} k|ltj]bgn] 7x/ u/]sf] xf] .
36gf, af]nL, Aojxf/ c;fdfGo / t k|]d, zflGt, ;b\efj / ;defj eujfgdf cg'jfb ePsf] kfOG5 . ot} ;+;fl/s b'Mv x'g\ . dfgjLo b'j{n dflg;n] k|sl[ tk|lt ug]{ Jojxf/df kl/jt{g ug{k' g];
{ d]t k|ltj]bgn] cf}N+ ofPsf]
lau|xk"0f{ ljjflbt / cGTodf Ps xf] . uf}td a'4n] cfˆgf] ckdfg ug],{ b]lvPsf, ;dfhdf k}bf ePsf Jojwfg rl/q x'g\ . 5 . afnLgfnLdf k/fu;]rg u/fpg] df}/Lb]lv kfgL ;l~rt ug]{ h+un;Dddf dfgjn]
csf{nfO{, k/:k/df ef}lts cfqmd0f cfkm'nfO{ WofgdUg cj:yfdf /x]sf] / kl/l:yltsf] ;xhtfsf] nflu s]xL b'Mvsf] ;dfwfg qmf]w / 3[0ffsf] k'¥ofO/x]sf] Ifltaf/] k|ltj]bgn] pNn]v u/]sf] 5 . !% xhf/ ;Gbe{ ;fdu|L k|of]u
/ ;dflKtsf] laGb' l t/ k' ¥ofpg] a] nf lk6\g ], ceb| Aojxf/ ug] {, cg'ej / cg'e"lt clg ;defj / k|s[ltnfO{ b'a} tkm{af6 dgg ug]{ . ul/Psf] / tLg jif{ nufOPsf] pQm cWoog k|ltj]bg !* ;o k[i7sf] 5 . pQm
alglbG5 . aaf{ bL ;dflKt clg ;fdflhs ?kdf a] O { H ht ug] { ;fdflhs 36gf lgofNbf cfPsf x/] s 36gf / emu8fsf] sf/0f k|ltj]bgsf] ;f/f+z k|mfG;sf] k]l/;df ePsf] Pp6f a}7sdf ;fj{hlgs ul/Psf] xf] .
cl:tTjxLg cl:tTjsf] gsf/fTds s;}sfk|lt klg abnf / ckdfg
laDasf] ?kdf /lx/xG5 ;w}+ ;w}+ . u/] gg, a¿ k|] dsf] dfu{ åf/f g}
a'4n] ;w}+ eg]– k|]dn] ;+;f/ lhTg
;lsG5 h'g lbuf] / e/f];fo'Qm x'G5 .
3[0ff, ckdfg / cx+sf/n] klg
ef}lts cfqmd0faf6 lhTg ;lsG5
ltgLx?nfO{ cfˆgf] cg'ofoL agfpg
;s] . cfˆgf] cgGo eQm ag]/ cfpg
afWo agfP . ckdfgsf] abnf
ckdfg ;f]r]sf] eP uf}td a'4
t]nsf] yf]kfyf]kf hf]ufcf}+
obfsbf t/ Tof] lht Ifl0fs x'G5,
sfnhoL aGg ;Sb} g . lhtnfO{
sfnhoL agfpg, k|]dk"0f{ / xflb{s
agfpg k|]d g} To:tf] alnof] / cr's
c:q xf] h;n] k|]d, ;b\efj, ljZjf;
eujfgsf] ?kdf /xb}+ gy], t' R5
dfgjdf ;Lldt /xGy] . cfhsf] dfG5]
r]tgfsf] pRr:t/df k'u]/ lzIff
bLIff lnPsf] dfG5] cem} abnf, 3[0ff
/ qmf]waf6 g} ;a} s'/fsf] ;dfwfg
OGwg vr{ 36fcf}+
/ ;dk{0fdf ;f+;fl/s v'zL, ;'v
cfgGb / ;b\efj kfpF5 . eujfg
rfxG5 . h' g lgtfGt unt /
dfG5]leqsf] cf;'/L k|jl[ t xf] . 3fts
g]kfn cfon lgud lnld6]8
uf}td a'4n] k|d] l;sfP, b]vfP h;sf] lrGtg / kz'Tjsf] emNsf] xf] . dfG5] kmf]g g++= $@^@(&), km\ofS; M $@^#$&!
kmn:j¿k cfh ko{Gt c? xhf/f}+ lgif]wnfO{ kf}/v ;DemG5 . lgif]w s'g}
@)&^ ;fn j}zfv @( ut] cfOtaf/ 5

5'jf5't;lxtsf] u0ftGq g]kfn / sflnsf]6sf ckx]lnt blntx?


k[ i 7e" l d b[li6sf]0fn] dxTjk"0f{ dflgg] jfnLx?df cj:yf sdhf]/ 5 . k|foM lhNnfsf pTkL8gaf6 d'lQm kfpg ;s]sf 5}gg\ . sf]6fdf ;Ifd ;s[o blnt pDd]bf/ ;+ljwfg t hftLo e]befj /
g]kfndf ;fdfGtL a|fXd0fafbL /fHo vf;u/L wfg, ds}, sf]bf], uFx,' hf}+ cflb blnt tyf u} /blnt ;d' bfosf b]zdf blnt dflysf] 5'jf5't, e]befj 5gf}6 x'gk' 5{ . blnt cfof]u jf ;ldlt 5'jf5'tsf] laifonfO{ ;fdflhs ck/fw
;Qfsf sf/0f Pp6} dfgj hftL dfyL kb{5g\\ . ;fljssf] ;+/rgf cg';f/ dflg;x? lhjLsf] kfh{gsf] nfuL hf/L 5 . /fhgLlts, cfly{ s , k'0f{ ;+a}wflgs x'g'k5{ . hgr]tgf dflgPsf] 5 . To:t} hflto e]befj
zf]if0f, bdg u/L cfˆgf] /fHo;Qf nfn', dfnsf]6, ?K;f, s'dnufFp, ef/t, vf8L d'ns ' df hfg'kg]{ afWotf ;fdflhs, ;fF:s[lts pTkL8g a9bf] ljsf;sf sfo{qmdx?sf ;fy} wd{sf] tyf 5'jf5't s;'/ ;hfo P]g @)^*
l6sfO{ /fVg] p2] Z on] ljleGg sf] 6af8f, /s' , d] x] n d'8 L, d' d |f , 5 . blnt ;d'bfosf] xsdf cem} sl7g 5 . blnt ;d'bfonfO{ ;Qfdf k'Ug] gfddf lje]b aGb ug{' k5{ . ;Ifd / ck/fw ;+lxtf P]g @)&$ sf] bkmf
hfthfltsf] gfds/0f ul/Psf] 5 . l;Kvfgf, :o"gf, k"msf]6, gflgsf]6, cj:yf 5 . ltg dlxgf b]lv ^ e¥ofË agfO{Psf] 5 . o:tf s'/faf6 cfTdlge/ x'g' k5{ . blnt leq} klg !^^ sf] hflto e]befj tyf 5'jf5't
laif]z u/L ho:yLlt dNnn] ;fdfGtL abfnsf]6, /fDgfsf]6, lyk', lvg, dlxgf;Dd vfg k'Ug] / afFsL lbgx? of] lhNnf klg c5'Qf] /xg ;s]sf] e]b efj 5 Tof] cGTo x'g h?/L 5 . s;'/ ;hfo P]gn] klg s8f ;hfosf]
lxGb' a|fXd0fafbL Joj:yfnfO{ ;'b9[ u/L wf}{nfuf]x, dfGd, kfvf, bfxfF, h'ljyf, ljb];LP/ kl/jf/ kfNg' kg]{ cj:yf 5 . 5}g . cem} eGg] xf] eGg] b]ze/ eGbf sfg'gdf dfq l;ldt /x] Jofjxf/df Jofj:yf u/] sf] 5 . To;}n ] klg
sfd / k]zfsf] cfwf/df hft hfltsf] 5fk|,] sflnsf, etf{ ;'sfl6of, /fFrn ' L, o;n] ubf{ blnt ;d'bfosf] dfq xf]Og{ a9L g} s'6lk6, e]befj, xTof lx+;fsf nfu" x'bF g} eGg] s'/fsf] dgg ug{' k¥of] . ;fdflhs ck/fw ug]{ Aoltm ;dfhsf]
3f]if0ff ul/Psf] Oltxf; 5 . pgn] k]zf kmf]Odxfb]j, cf]bfgfs", lrnvfofF / u]nf u}/ blnt ;d'bfosf] cfly{s cj:yf 36gfx? blnt ;d'bfo dfyL ePsf blnt g] tfsf] Jojxf/ / ;f]rdf hf] sf]xL ePklg sfg'g adf]lhd
s} cfwf/df prf] lgrf] hflt agfP . ;lxt #) j6f uflj; /x]sf lyP . ;d]t sdhf]/ 5 . o;nfO{ ;'wf/ ug{ 5g\ . bf]ifL dfyL s8f eGbf s8f kl/jt{g tyf ;Ifd / clej[l4 ul/g' b08Lt ug{' /fHosf] st{Ao xf] . t/
;'g kmnfdsf] sfd ug]n{ fO{ ;'gf/, n'jf/ clxn] eg] ( j6f :yflgo lgsfo Aoj;flos kmnkm'n v]tLdf hf]8 lbg sfjf{xL u/L lkl8tnfO{ Gofo lbO{g] k¥of] . ufpF:t/sf blntx?sf] cfo cfh /fHo pbflzg 5 . ;Qf zlQm /
eGg] h:t} sfd / k]zfsf] cg';f/ hflt agfO{Psf] 5 . h;df vfF8 frqm ;Sg'k5{ . h8La'6L k|zf]wg s]Gb|sf] s'/fdf /fHo r'ss ] f] 5 . r'nf] 5f]Psf] cfh{g tyf lhjg:t/ psf:g' k¥of] . /fhgLlts kfj/ kx'rsf] sf/0f
agfO{ c5't hftLsf] 3f]if0f u/L hftLo gu/kflnsf, /fisf]6 gu/kflnsf / :yfkgf, ko{6sLo If]qsf] la:tf/, oftfot cf/f]kdf h'ljyfdf dfgjL/ ;'gf/sf] sfg'gdf 5'jf5't d'Qm b]z 3f]if0f ck/fwL d'Qm ug]{ lqmofsnfkx? x'g]
5'jf5't tyf lje]bnfO{ a9jf lbPsf ltnfu'kmf gu/kflnsf u/L # j6f / hn ljB' t nfO{ g sf] la:tf/, xTof ul/g' . blnt ePs} sf/0f nfn'df ul/Pklg blnt ;d'bfon] To;sf] u/] s f 5g\   . To:tf ck/flws
5g\ . To:t} pgn] agfPsf] lje]b gu/kflnsf /x] s f 5g\ \   . To:t} xfO{8f« k] fj/sf] lgdf{0f cfw'lgs v]ltkfltsf] hgk|ltlglw dgf ;fsL{sf] xTof ul/g' . cg'e"lt ug{ kfPsf 5}gg\ . lklN;P/ lqmofsnfksf] e08fkmf]/ u/L kLl8t
sfg'gnfO{ To;kl5sf dNn /fhf xF'b} g/x/Lgfy ufFpkflnsf, ;fGgL lqj]0fL lasf; ug{ ;s] cfly{s cfo;|ft] sf] ;'wf/ sfd ug{ gcfPsf] elg sf]6jf8fdf g} a:g afWo 5g\ . ;dfhn] x]g]{ kIfnfO{ Gofo lbnfpg h?/L 5 . blnt
/fdzfx;Dd cfO{kb' f s8fO{sf ;fy ufFpkflnsf krnem/gf ufFpkflnsf, x'g] k|ofKt ;Defjgf b]lvG5 . l8NnL sfld dfyL lg3f{t s'6lk6 u/L b[li6sf]0f kl/jt{g x'g ;s]sf] 5}g . / u}/blnt ;d'bfon] cf–cfˆgf If]qdf
nfu' ul/of] . h;n] ubf{ xfn;Dd klg knfF tf ufF p kflnsf, z' esfnLsf /fhgLlts cj:yf bfFt 5fl/g' . kflgsf] wf/f 5f]Psf] of] ;d'bfo klxnf hxfF lyof], clxn] ;r]t /xg cfjZjos 5 . blnt /
hftLo lae]bsf] vf8n d]6LPsf] 5}g . ufFpkflnsf, / dxfj} ufFpkflnsf u/L lhNnfsf blnt tyf u}/blnt lgx'df lyK?df blnt ;d'bfosf] ufu|L klg Tolx clNemPsf 5g\ . plTk8gsf u}/blnt ;d'bfon] cfufdL lbgdf
/f0ffzffgsfnLg ;dosf] la=;= !(() ^ j6f ufFpkflnsf /x]sf 5g\\ . ;d'bfox? ljut nfdf] ;do b]lv tf]8kmf]8 ul/g' . k/Dk/fut u}/blnt lj?4 ;+ul7t kxnsbdL ljgf s'g} lgDgfcg';f/ sfdx? ug{ cfjZos
sf] d'ns ' L P]g, k+rfolt ;do la=;= ;f df lh s t y f ;f “ : s[ l t s jfdkGyL sDo'lgi6 ljrf/ wf/fdf a9L ;d'bfosf] ljjfxdf 8f]ln af]Sg blnt d'lQm ;+ej gePsf] x'bf cfTd;fy ub}{ 5 .
@)@) sf] d'ns ' L P]gdf hftLo e]befj cj:yf cf:yf /fVg] b]lvG5g\   . sltko ;d'bfo guPsf] gfddf etf{df ceb| xft]dfnf]sf ;fy cl3 a9g lgtfGt blnt ;d' b fo
cGTo ul/g' kg]{ s'/f yf]/} pNn]v sflnsf]6 lhNnfsf] ;fdflhs tyf cfjZos 5 . blnt ;d' bfon] cfkm' blnt
ul/Pklg To;sf] ;+/If0f g} ul/of] . ;fF : s[ lts cj:yfnfO{ s] n fpbf pGd" ngsf] nIo ePsf]df lxgtfaf]w xf]Og{ ue{ ug{ h?/L
To;kl5sf] lj=;+= @)$& ;fnsf] lhNnfdf ljleGg k|sf/sf ;fdflhs hftLo e]befj pGd"ngsf] d'Vo 5 . cfkm'dfyLsf] cGofo, cTofrf/ /
;+ljwfg xFb' } @)^# ;fnsf] ;fnsf] l/ltl/jfh rfnrng / ;F:s[ltx? nIo ljut b]lv blnt ;d'bfo dfyL lje]bsf] nfxfrf/L geO{ ;zQm lj/f]w
clGtd ;+ljwfg / xfn nfu' @)&@ 5g\\ . tL ;a} ;+:sf/ / ;+:s[lt, af]nL x'g] u/]sf ;Dk'0f{ pTkL8gsf] cGTo ug{k' 5{ cfˆgf] clwsf/sf] vf]lhsf nfuL
;fnsf] u0ftflGqs ;+lawfg 3f]if0ff;Dd efiff w]/} tn dfyL ePklg d'ne"t ug]{ / blnt ;d'bfosf] xs clwsf/ cfkm} ;zQm x'g'k5{ . ;fFRr} blnt
cfpbf klg hftLo lje]b cem} x6]sf] ?kdf Pp6} 5g\\ . ;a} hfltx?sf] :yflkt ug]{ . ;d'bfon] ;d]t Wofg lbg' kg]{ laifo s]
5}g . ;+ljwfg / sfg'gdf 5'jf5't ug{' ;+:sf/ ;+:s[ltdf w]/} leGgtf 5}g . pGd" ngsf] p2]Z o 5 eg] blnt–blnt leqsf] lje]b cGTo
;fdflhs ck/fw xf] elg 3f]if0f ul/P pRr hftLsf] ?kdf afx'g, If]qL, 7s'/L blnt ;d'bfosf] xs clwsf/ ug{ h?/L 5 . sfdL la=ls= n] kl/of/,
klg 5'jf5't / blnt dflysf] pTkL8g hftLsf] a;f]af; a9L 5 eg] tNnf] sfof{Gjogdf n}hfg] / blnt ;d'bfosf] ;fsL{sf] xftsf] kfgL lkpg c:jLsf/
tyf e]befj x6]sf] 5}g . ;}bflGts hfltsf] ?kdf sfdL, la=s=, ;'gf/, ;+ljwfg / sfg'g adf]lhd k|fKt ug],{ 5f]/L alxgL rnfpg gkfO{g] h:tf
lx;fan] 5'jf5't / hflto e]befj n'jf/, bdfO{, kl/of/ cfbL hftLsf] clwsf/nfO{ ;d]t a'emfpg] u}/ blnt hftLo lje]bx? klg x6fpg' klxnf]
la?4 ljleGg sfnv08df ;/sf/x?n] a;f]af; 5 . ;fgf elgPsf hftLx?n] ;d' b fodf hgr] t gfsf] ljsf; cfjZostf 5 . To:t} cfˆgf] pTkL8gsf
w]/} yf]/} af]n] klg sfof{Gjog lgsfo 7' n f elgg] hftLx?sf] l/lt u/fpg] . hftLo e]befj ;fdflhs lj?4 ;a} blnt ;d'bfox?sf] Pstf
sdhf]/ x'Fbf Jojxfl/s ?k lbg kflnsf]?kdf laut b]vL ;]jf ug],{ cGofo tyf ;a} vfn] pTkL8gdf k/]sf h?/L 5 . ;a}sf] Pstfaf6 cfˆgf]
;s]gg . km]/L klg pTkL8g huhfx]/ xnf] hf]Tg], 8f]nf af]Sg], afhf ahfpg], blnt ;d'bfonfO{ ;fdflhs tyf sfg'g clwsf/ vf]lh ug{k' 5{ .
g} 5 . cem} eGg' kbf{ ;+lawfgsf] sk8f l;pg] h:tf s'–k/Dk/fx? 5g\ . adf]lhd Gofo lbnfpg kxn ug]{ . u}/ blnt ;d' b fo
vf]i6fdf h] h:tf] n]v]sf] ePklg, xnf] hf]Tg] t/ hldg blntsf] gfddf blnt ;d'bfo dfyL a]nf avt u}/blnt ;d'bfon] klg laif]zu/L
u0ftGq g]kfnn] cem} klg 5'jf5't gx'g], 3/ agfpg] t/ 3/5fPkl5 3/ x'g] u/]sf xTof lx+;f, s'6lk6, ckdfg, s] Wofg lbg cfjZos 5 eg] hftLo
e]befa sfFwdf af]s/] lxFl8/x]sf] 5 . leq hfg gkfO{g,] dGbL/sf d'lt{ blntn] hftLo lje]b h:tf ;fdflhs ck/fw cx+sf/, bDe x6fpg' k5{, cfˆgf]
laif]zu/L sflnsf]6 lhNnfdf 5'jf5't
s} gfddf bh{gf} blnt ;d'bfox?
agfpg] t/ dGbL/ leq blntn] 5'g
gkfO{g] h:tf unt ;fdflhs s'–
s0f{ ljZjsdf{ ug]{ AolQm pk/ sfg'g adf]lhd s8f
sfjf{xLsf] dfu ug]{ . hft–hftLsf]
clwsf/ vf] h L ubf{ csf{ s f]
clwsf/nfO{ klg Vofn ug{k' 5{ . hft
s'6lk6 ul/Psf 5g\ . o:tf] cj:yfsf] k/Dk/fx? o; lhNnfdf 5g\   . cj:yfdf jfdkGyL sDo'lgi6 ljrf/ Aojxf/ tyf s' 6lk6 ug] { h:tf pTktL s;/L eof] < la1fg k|lalwsf] hftLx? lxhf]sf /fhf dxf/fhfx?n]
;[hgf eO{/x]sf] kl/j]zdf blnt Toltdfq} xf]Og{ pRr elgg] hftLsf] eGbf csf]{ wf/ lnPsf] klg b]lvG5 . lhNnfdf 36gfx? ePsf 5g\ . o'udf dfgjn] dfgj dfyL ug]{ Aojxf/ cfˆgf] n'6/] vfg] ;Qf arfpg ljefhg
clwsf/sf] Uof/] G6L / ;fdflhs nfuL blntsf] /fd|f] s]6L rNg] t/ dfcf]jfbL hgo'4 b]vL @)^@–^# kxn / r'gf}t Lx? s:tf x'gk' 5{ < eGg] af/] hgr]tgf u/]sf x'g dflg;x? ;a} Pp6} x'g
e]befj x6fpgsf nfuL hgr]tgfsf] kflg grNg] h:tf unt ;+:sf/x? ;fnsf] hgcfGbf]ngsf] ;dodf ljb|fx] L blaP/, lklN;P/ ;fdflhs ?kdf km}nfpg] . blnt clwsf/sf af/] blnt lje]b ug{ x'Fb}g eGg] r]tgf ljsf;
lasf; u/fpg h?/L 5 . 5g\ . 3/ agfpg] blnt t/ 3/ qmflGtsf/L sDo'lgi6 ljrf/df a9L Hofb} kl5 kfl/Psf] plTk8gdf k/]sf ;d'bdonfO{ a'emfpg] . blnt dfyLsf u/fpg h?/L 5 . kfgL, wf/f 5f]Ps}
ef} u f]l ns cj:yf agfO{;s]sf] csf]{ lbgaf6 3/ leq nfu]sf] b]lvG5 . t/ klg xfn s]Gb|df blnt ;d'bfonfO{ ;fdfhsf] x/]s ;a} vfn] pTkL8gsf] cGTo / cf/f]kdf blnt ;d'bfo dfyL s'6lk6
sflnsf]6 lhNnfsf] ef}uf]lns uPdf 5'O{ dfGg] k|s[lt clxn] klg ePsf s]xL lrlgPsf ;a} /fhgLlts If]qdf 5ftL km'nfP/ / sfFwdf sfFw clwsf/sf] Uof/] G 6Lsf laifodf ug]{, xTof ug]{ h:tf sfdx? ug]{ dfyL
cj:yf ubf{ s"n If]qkmn !&$! ju{ afFsL 5 . o:tf unt ;fdflhs bnsf] k| l tgLlwTj 5 . ljsf; ldnfO/ lxF8\g] cj:yf l;hgf ug{' hgr]tgfsf] ljsf; u/fpg] . blnt sfg'gL sfjf{xL ug]{ lt/ nfUg'k5{ .
ls=dL= cyf{t !&*)#) x]S6/ /x]sf] e]befj lj?4 sfg'lg k|fjwfg alnof] lgdf{0fsf] nfuL ;a} bn Ps eP/ lgtfGt cfjZos 5 . g] k fnsf] ;d' b fosf] k/Dk/fut k' v } { n L lgZsif{
5 . of] lhNnfsf] k"j { d f h'D nf, agfO{;s]sf] ePklg o; lhNnfdf nfu' hfg' eGbf cfk;L lvrftfgL em} Oltxf;df ckdflgt hLjg lhpg Aoj;fonfO{ cfw'lgss/0f ug]{ lt/ ;fdflhs c;dfgtfsf] lgd{l' ns/0f
klZrddf c5fd, pQ/df jfh'/f / x''g ;s]sf] 5}g . km]/L klg blnt emu8fdf ;do latfpg] k|j[lt of] afWo of] ;d'bfoaf6 a]nf a]nfdf ;DawLt lgsfosf] Wofgfsif{0f u/fpg] . ub}{ ;Ddfg clwsf/ s;/L pkef]u
d'u" tyf blIf0fdf b}n]v / hfh/sf]6 dfyLsf] cGofo cTofrf/, 5'jf5't, lhNnfdf b]lvG5 . csf]{ s'/f blnt lj/f]wsf cfjhx? gp7]sf xf]Og{ g t/ pGd" n gsf] cfjZostf lsg < ug{ ;lsG5 < blnt clwsf/sf]
lhNnf kb{5g\\ . e]befj / unt ;+:s[ltsf lj?4 ;d'bfosf] clwsf/sf] ;jfndf 7'nf To; a]nfsf] ;fdfGtL zf;g Jofj:yfsf hftLo e] b efj pGd" n gsf] Uof/]06L s;/L x'g ;S5 < ;+ljwfgn]
sflnsf]6 lhNnf g]kfnsf] sfG5f] hgr]tgf km}nfpg clgjfo{ 5 . /fhgLlts bnsf ;a} kf6L{df blnt gfO{sx] ?n] cem} bafpb} nu]sf] kfOG5 . cfjZostf lsg eGg] laifo vf;u/L ;d]t lbPsf] clwsf/ s;/L nfu' ug{
lhNnfsf] ?kdf kl/lrt 5 . cfly{ s cj:yf g]tf sfo{stf{ ePklg cj;/sf] a]nf blntsf] jf:tljs d'lQm eg]sf] b]ze/ blnt dfyL x'g] u/]sf hftLo ;lsG5 < blnt dfyL x'g] ;a} vfn]
k+rfotsflng ;dodf @)#@ lhNnfsf] cfly{s cj:yf sdhf]/ k5fl8 kfg]{, 7'nf a8f elgg] hftLn] /fHo ;Qfdf ;xeflutf jf /fhlglts, e]befj tyf 5'jf5'tsf a9bf] 36gfqmd pTkL8g hftLo e]befj ;dfhaf6
;fndf lta|Lsf]6 lhNnfaf6 cnu u/L 5 . ko{6sLo :yn, h8La'6L, tyf cj;/ lng] / ;+3if{ ug]{ blnt ;d'bfo cfly{s , ;fdflhs, k|z f;lgs / / cem} sflnsf]6 lhNnfdf t blnt k'0f{?kdf s;/L x6fpg ;lsG5 < To:t}
sflnsf]6 lhNnf gfds/0f ul/Psf] xf] . kmnkm'n v]ltsf] ;DefAotfsf] lx;fjn] k5f8Lsf] k5f8L g} /xg] k| j [lt Goflos ;a} If]qdf ufpF b]lv s]Gb|;Dd dfyL e]befj / b'/Jojxf/ dfq} xf]Og{ ;dfhdf hftLo 5'jf5't e]befj ug],{
of] lhNnf klxn]sf] ;+/rgf cg';f/ alnof] b]lvPklg ;xof]u x'g ;s]sf] lhNnfdf /x]sf] 5 . ;xeflutf x'g' g} xf] . blnt x'F eg]/ xTof lx+;f, s'6lk6, cdfgjLo h:tf xTof lx+;f, s'6lk6 ug]{, ckdfg ug]{
dWoklZrdf~rn ljsf; If]qsf] s0ff{nL 5}g . g]kfns} cUnf] krfnem/gf, bl nt d f l ys f ] p T k L8 g / lxgtfaf]w xf]Og{ To;nfO{ Tofu]/ cufl8 3[0fLt sfo{ ePsf 5g\ . tL sfo{x? h:tf 3[0fLt tyf ck/flws s[ofsnfk
c~rndf kb{5 eg] g]kfnsf] ;ljwfg ltnfu'kmf, r'ln, k'u, dflnsf h:tf 36gfx? a9g' kg]{ b]lvG5 . blntx? cu|ufdL xfn b]zdf nfu' eO{;s]sf] @)&@ ;fn ;fdfhdf ug]{ AolQm dfyL s;/L sfg'gL
@)&@ cg';f/ ^ gDa/ s0ff{nL k|bz ] ko{6sLo :ynx? 5g\ . hn;|f]tsf] jf:tjdf eGg] xf] eg] clxn] klg lbzftkm{ pGd'v tyf blnt xs, lxt c;f]h # ut]sf] 3f]if0f ul/Psf] g]kfnsf] sfjf{ x L ug] {   < o:tf s[ o fsnfk
leq cjl:yt 5 . s0ff{nL k|bz ] sf] lx;fjn] s0ff{nL gbL 5 . h8La'6Lsf] ;fdfGtL lxGb' a|fXd0fafbL Aoj:yfsf] / clwsf/sf] nflu Pstfa4 x'g h?/L ;+ljwfg efu # sf] df}lns xs ;dfhaf6 s;/L lg?T;flxt ug]{ <
/fhwfgL ;'vt{] la/]Gb|gu/af6 @#@ lx;fjn] dxTjk"0f{ h8La'6Lx? kfO{g] pTkL8gdf of] lhNnfsf blnt 5 . /fHodf / ;fdfhsf k|To]s tx / clwsf/sf] lzif{ssf] wf/f @$ ljkl/t eGg] laifodf ;/sf/ tyf ;DaGwLt
ls=ld= sf] b'/Ldf pQ/ lt/ cjl:yt agh+un 5 . t/ To;sf] ;b'kof]u ;d'bfox? 5g\ . @!cf}+ ;tfAbL / tKsfdf ;dfg'kflts ;xeflutf x'g sfo{ x'g ;+ljwfg sfg'g ljkl/tsf lgsfonfO{ hfu?s u/fpg h?/L 5 .
5 . o; lhNnfsf vfBfGg pTkfbgsf] x'g g;s]sfn] xfn cfly{s cfo;|ft] sf] u0ftGq d'ns ' sf blnt ;d'bfo p:t} h?/L 5 . ;dfg'kflts ;'lglZtt sfo{x? ug]{ s;}nfO{ 5'6 lbg' x'bF g}  .
6 @)&^ ;fn j}zfv @( ut] cfOtaf/

ko{6sLo ;Defjgfo'Qm 8f]Nkflt/ a/fln“bf


g]kfn ko{6sLo lx;fan] k|r'/
;Dejgf af]s]sf] d'n's xf] . g]kfnn]
5nkmnkZrft\ tf] lsPs} ;dodf
8f] N kf p8fg x' g ] eof]   . xfdL
lgdf{0fsf] sfo{ u/]sf] eGg] :ki6 b]Vg
k9\ g kfOGYof]   . lqk' / f;' G b/L
b'gd} f Pp6f u/L b'Oj{ 6f :yfgLo /]l8of]
;~rfngdf /x]sf] / logsf] ;]jf ;d]t
k|wfgdGqLHo" Û hgtfn] tkfO+{nfO{
k|Zg ;f]Wg lsg gkfpg] <
k|wfgdGqLHo" Û
ha tkfO{n + ] nfvf}+ o'jfx? cfd ;j{;fwf/0fn] b]v] ef]us ] f s6' ;Tox? /
;g\ @)@) df @) nfveGbf a9L ljdfg:ynsf ;a} k|lqmof k"/f u/L gu/kflnsf If]qdf kg]{ pQm dlGb/ ToxL jl/kl/ dfq ;Lldt /x]sf]n] c;Gt'li6sf cfjfhnfO{ gldn]sf k|Zg jf /fhgLltsf] cfj/0fdf lx+;f eg]/
ko{6s leq\ofpg] nIo lnPsf] 5 . %M$%df tf/f Po/sf] 6' O gc6/ 8f]Nkfsf] k|l;4 dlGb/sf] ?kdf /x]sf] clwsf+z 8f]Nkfsf hgtf ;"rgf k|fKt km]l/klg cfˆgf] cxÍf/nfO{ Sofl/ cf]e? ug{' eof] @)&^ ;fnsf] z'?jftdf, d
5 . ug{af6 jl~rt x'gk' /]sf] cj:yf :ki6 c? ck]Iff /flVbg t/ tkfO{s + } efiffdf s]xL k|Zg ug{ rfxG5' . e|i6frf/ lj?4sf]
dlGb/ bz{gkZrft\ s]xL tn a'em\g ;lsGYof] . cleofg aGof] @)&% ;fn eGg' ef] o;df xfdL xf:g' kg]{ xf] jf k|Zg unt ef] <
ahf/df lqk' / f;' G b/L 8f] Nkf hfg] eg] k l5 w] /} h gf Aofkf/ 3f6f !% va{, g]kfnLsf] C0f ;ft xhf/ ylkg', dxfn]vfn] cfly{s
gu/kflnsfsf d]o/, sfo{sf/L ;fyLx¿ of;f{u'D af lnP/ cfpg' cg'zf;g Wj:t ef] eGg', ;af]R{ rn] Pg;]nnfO{ bf]ifL b]vfpg', d]nDrLsf] ult tkfO{s + }
clws[t;lxtsf] 6f] nLn] eJo eGg'ePsf] lyof] . ;f]xL s'/f 8f]Nkfsf kfnfdf ca?4 x'g,' ;]gf ax;df tflgg' / g]kfndf wfld{s cltqmd0fsf] lahf/f]k0fdf
?kdf :jfut u/] s f] lyof]   . ldqx¿nfO{ ;'gfpFbf of;f{u'Dafsf] ;/sf/ ;ª\nUg x'gn' ] tkfO{s + } k|z;+ sn] klg s] 7fGg] < tkfO{n+ ] b]vfPsf k|ultsf]
lrofvfhf Pj+ :yfgLoahf/ l;hg h]7–c;f/af6 z'? x'g] xf] . ;'rL leq cfd hgtfsf] laxfg–a]ns ' L sxfF hf]8LPsf] 5 < sfg'g agfPsf] aif{sf]
gu/sf] cj:yf, ljsf;sf] cj:yf Toltv]/ cfpg'eof] eg] s]xL nfg ?kdf pT;j dgfP/ ef]s db}g{ , a]/f]huf/L 6b}g{ , tkfO{s + f] ;Daf]wg ;'Gg] dfG5] x/]s
;d]tsf af/]df 5nkmn ePsf] kfOG5 . clxn] t sxLF s t} s] x L lbg b]z 5f]l8/x]sf 5g\ . cfwf 306fdf bh{gf} sfg'g kfl/t ul/Psf 5g\ /
lyof] . ;DejtM g]kfnsf] h]7f] kfOFb}g . ca l;hg z'? x'G5, ;a} ltgLx?df ePsf q'6L ;Rofpg ca csf]{ aif{ klg nfUnf ;fob .
x' g ' k 5{ gu/k| d ' v -d] o /_ To;sf] vf]hLdf dflylt/ nfU5g\\ eGg] d k|Zg kl/jt{g u5{,' tkfO{s + f] k|zf;gn] lx/f;tdf lnPsf ;of} o'jf tyf
cf] d axfb' / a' 9 fn] ;/sf/n] s' / f kqsf/ dxf;+ 3 8f] N kfsf /fhgLlts cleoGtfx?sf] x'g < cfk"mnfO{ kfos kg]{ k|Zg ;f]Wg l;sfpg' ePsf]
hgck] I ff cg' ? k k| e fjsf/L k" j { c WoIf lji0f' n fn a' 9 fn] 5, tl/sf l7s} xf] t/ oyft{ s] xf] eg] tkfO{x+ ?nfO{ hflu/ vfgf k7fpg] hgtf
?kdf sfd ug{ g;s] s f] , atfpg'eof] . ;a} vfn] k|Zg ;f]Wg :jtGq 5g . hjfkm 5}g eg] Tof] tkfO{s + f] afWotf xf],
ljleGg ko{6sLo:yn dWo] s0ff{nLsf] ljdfgdf r9\of}F . !% hgfsf] xfd|f] 7] Ssfk§fdf clNemPsf] 8f] Nkfsf] k|;
] sfplG;nsf] sfo{qmdsf] nflu dha'/L xf] / OdfGbfl/tf xf]Og . k|Zg clxn] hgtfn] ;f]ws ] f 5}gg\ . tkfO{+
lxdfnL lhNnfx? x'Dnf, h'Dnf, d'u', 6f]nL, b'O{hgf cGo ofq' rfnsbnsf ljsf; ljz]ifu/L ;8s oftfoftdf g]kfn kqsf/ dxf;+3, 8f]Nkf zfvfn]] jl/kl/sf 36gf :jod k|Zg ag]sf 5g\ . afn'jf6f/sf] hUuf, jfO8a8L af/]sf]
sflnsf] 6 , 8f] Nkfdf ko{ 6 snfO{ tLghgf;lxt @) hgf ^ ah] Wofg k'¥ofpg g;s]sf]n] of] e|d0f ;+of]hg u/L lgdGq0ff u/L;s]sf] df}gtf, ;'gsf08, :yfgLo ;/sf/ / s]Gb|sf] e|i6frf/, hgcfjfh / ladlt;Fusf]
nf]Eofpg] k|z:t} ko{6sLo :ynx? 8f]Nkfsf] h'kmfnsf] nflu p8\of}F . 6f]nLn] ljifo p7fg ul/lbg ;d]t lyof]  . :yfgLo kqsf/, gful/s kmf]laof h:tf] b]lvg] ;/sf/L /a}of, ufpdf cxFsf/0f ul/Psf u:tL / em'§f d'2f,
/x]sf 5g\ \ . …:ju{sL /fgLÚ d'us' f] /f/f laxfgsf] df};d ;kmf g} lyof] . cg'/f]w u/]sf lyP . ;dfh, /fhgLlts bn, :yfgLo tkfO{s + f dfgfgLo ;ef;bsf] lx:;fsf] c/af} ah]6, kfgL kFw/] f] ag]sf] cd]l/sf
tfn / ljZjs} ;aeGbf cUnf] ljdfgdf r9\bflalQs} b'Oj{ 6f kxf8sf] xfdL cl3 uf8L /f] l sPsf] k|zf;g, hgk|ltlglw, ;'/Iff lgsfosf df]x, OG8f]Kofl;lkms /0fgLlt / g]kfnsf] kf]lh;g, a]nfufd bftf jf u}/;/sf/L
:yfgdf /x]sf] z]–kmf]S;'G8f] tfn, 7fpFaf6 b'g}sf] nflu k|:yfg ug'{kg]{ k| l tlglw, ljleGg ;+ 3 ;+ : yfsf k};fsf] Aoj;fo, s/K;g k;]K{ ;g OG8]S;df nHhfhgs cj:yf cflb tYoaf/]
;] tfDd] lxpF n] 9flsPsf /d0fLo
lxd>[+vnf ko{6ssf] klxnf] /f]hfO{df
ofqf ;+:d/0f lyof] . uf8Lx¿ xfdLnfO{{ klv{/x]sf
lyP . !% hgfsf] 6f]nLdf h'kmfn /
k|ltlglw;lxt sf7df8fF} ;~rf/u|fdsf]
6f]nL lhNnf ;dGjo ;ldltsf] xndf
hjfkm lbg' ePg . k|Zg ug{ l;sfpg' x'G5 < k|Zg tkfO{s
gflr/x]sf 5g .
+ f] jl/k/L cfkm}F

kg]{ u5{g\ . oL :yfgx?n] ljb]zL emljGb| e';fn lqk' /fsf] 6 sf s] x L kqsf/;d] t s/La tLg 306f 5nkmndf h'6\of}+ . v} tkfO{s + f] sfd tkfO{s + f] lhDdf . t/, 7'nf] t's / cy{sf] geP klg w]/}
ko6{ s dfq xf] O g cfGtl/s aLraf6 x'Fb} hxfh p8\g], yf]/} klg ylkP/ tLgj6f uf8L el/e/fp sfplG;nsf cWoIf, g] k fn a]ts ' sf s'/f cfpg 5f]8g' ,\ o;n] gofF aif{ cnL /fhgLlts / a}rfl/s ax;sf]
ko{6snfO{ ;d]t nf]Eofpg] u/]sf otfplt x'Fbf l:ylt vt/gfs 5 eg]/ lyP . s/La $% ldg] 6 sf] kqsf/dxf;+3sf cWoIf, Go" gtd dfu{df hfg]5 . nufgL ;Dd]ng ;kmn ef] ls c;kmn < Pp6f Pg]S86 k|of]u
5g\\ . oL dWo]s} 8f]Nkf lhNnf hxfF z'eR] 5's ldqx¿n] eg]s]f :d/0f ub}{ ofqfkZrft\ xfdL tL uf8Laf6 cf]ln{P/ kfl/>lds lgwf{/0f ;ldltsf cWoIf, ug{' eP5 g]kfn ljZjsf] pbfpFbf] cy{tGq eg]/ ;/sf/sf] k|z; + f ef] /] g]kfnL
h'kmfn lxdfn, z]kmf]S;'G8f] /fli6«o ‰ofnaf6 klxn] t/fO{ ;dy/ e"–efu s]xLk/ vf]nfsf] k'n t/]/ csf]{ uf8L ;" r gf tyf k| ; f/0f ljefusf a}s
+ sf] k};f lab]zL kl/of]hgfnfO{ ;'lglzlrt ug{' nufgL ;Dd]ngsf] ;kmntf
lgs'~h / tfn;lxt ljleGg wfld{s To;kl5 kxf8L efu x'Fb} lxdfnsf r9\g'kg]{ ePsf]n] ;f]xL cg';f/ cf– dxflgb]z { sn] ;DalGwt If]qsf ljifodf xf] < ;tnhn] c?0f agfpg] xf] ls g]kfnLn] agfP/ ;tnh -ef/t_ nfO{ ;'Dkg]
tyf ko{6sLo dxTj af]s]sf u'Daf, 5fofF;Fu} cl3 al9/Xof}F . leqleq} cfkm\gf emf]nf ;dfgf lnP/ csf]{ s'/f /fVg' eof] . v'nf zqdf s'/f xf] < ;dfhsf] rl/q / rfxgf zflGt / ;d[l4 eGg' eof], k|Zg ;/sf/sf] rl/qsf]
dlGb/ Pj+ ljleGg yl/sf dxTjk"0f{ 8/qf;n] af; u/] klg aflx/L :d/0fLo uf8Ltkm{ nfUof} F . vf]nfsf] sf/0f uf8L /fVg] s/La !@ hgf :yfgLox?n] xf] . o'jf / vf]nf afx]s a]Rg] s] 5 < /]ld6\ofG; s[lif / ko{6g afx]s wfGg] s] 5 <
ag:klt tyf hl8a"6L kfOG5g\\ . s]xL b[Zo 7"N7"nf kxf8, s]xL xl/ofnL, s]xL hfg ;Sg] cj:yf /x]g 5 . k'n 7"nLe]/L gu/kflnsfsf] s]Gb| ;fg]{ oL s'g} klg If]qdf ;]dt Wofg 5}g, lsgls tkfO{x+ ? x/]s xKtfsf] xf6 ahf/
;do cl3 sfo{qmdsf] l;nl;nfdf gfª\uf kxf8, kxf8sf] 6'Kkf]df ;]tfDd] agfpgsf] nflu 7]Ssf ;Demf}tf eP/ ljifo / To;af6 pTkGg cfGbf]ng, hfFbf km/s n'uf nufP h:tf] df};dL s'/f ug{' x'G5 .
8f]Nkflt/ a/flnFbfsf] If0fnfO{ oxfF lxpFm, rlDsnf] 3dfOnf] b[Zo a8f] PsftkmL{ lkn/;d] t ag] s f] ;f]xL ljifodf cbfntdf ePsf] d'2fn] cfd hgtfsf k|Zg k'/fg} 5g . bnfn cy{ Aoa:yf cfkm}F ;lsG5 < g]kfndf
k|:t't ul/Psf] 5– /dfOnf] lyof] . sltko ;fyLx¿ tTkZrft sfd ;DkGg x'g g;s]sf] gu/kflnsf 7Kk ePsf] / ldl8ofdf /f]huf/L v} < gLltut e|i6frf/sf] wld/faf6 b]z slxn] d'Qm x'G5 < g]tf
ef}uf]lns lx;fan] sf7df8f}Faf6 hxfhaf6 kxf8 lxpF, ;d]t cfpg] b]lvGYof] . :yfgLonfO{ ;f]Wbf Tolt o; ljifon] sd k|fyldstf kfPsf], s]lGb|t zf;gsf] ;§f hgtf s]lGb|t zf;g slxn] cfpF5 < ldlrPsf l;df
6f9f /x]sf] s0ff{nLsf kfFr lhNnfdWo] u/L ;]NkmL lnO/xg'ePsf] lyof] . #% agfP/ k};f vfP/ 7]s]bf/n] sfd g} ljifox? tf]8df]/8 u/]/ cfpg] u/]sf], lkmtf{sf] nflu s] kxn / glthf cfof] < :jf:Yo / lzIff h:tf cfwf/e"t s'/f
Ps, ;a}eGbf 7"nf] lhNnf eg]/ lrlgg] ldg]6sf] p8fg ;dodf h'kmfn k'Ug' gu/]sf]n] xfdLnfO{ b'Mv ePsf] eGg] ;Gt'lnt x'g g;s]sf], cfrf/;+lxtfdf /fHon] lhDdf slxn] lnG5 < :jf:Yo ladf sxfF k'Uof] < o'jfnfO{ lagf lwtf] C0f
8f]Nkf -If]qkmn &**( ju{ ls=dL=_ lyof]   . s/La @% ldg] 6 sf] s'/f ;'lgof] . x'g klg Po/kf]6{ h'kmfn Wofg k'¥ofpg' kg]{ ;fy} gu/kflnsfsf] sxfF 5 < gofF gofF lznGof; / 3f]if0ffn] km';b{ 5}g– rfOgfaf6 r'rf] ePsf] /]n
sf] b'O{ lbg] e|d0fn] s]xL ePklg p8fgkZrft\ b'jl} t/sf cUnf k8xfsf] / ;b/d'sfd b'g} hf]8\g] Pp6f ;fgf] ljjfb ljifodf ;dfwfgsf] nflu kxn l;dfgfdf 5 ls g'jfsf]6 lt/ cfO k'Uof] < tkfO{+ k|Zg ;f]Wg] tl/sf xf]Og– pQ/sf]
8f]NkfnfO{ glhsaf6 b]Vg] lrGg], a'‰g] aLsf] vf]Fr x'Fb} hxfh cl3 al9/x]sf] k'n olt w]/} ;od;Dd aGg g;Sg' ul/lbg'kg]{ ljifo p7fg ug'{ePsf] tof/L ug{ l;Sg' k5{ h:tf] nfU5 .
df} s f ldNof]   . sfof{ n o sfdsf] lyof] . !% hgfsf] xfd|f] 6f]nLdf b' e fUok" 0 f{ g} xf] eGg] nfUof]   . lyof] . sfo{qmd p2]Zocg'?k eJo tkfO{s+ f] z'esfdgf dGtAo s'g} Pglhcf]sf] cfjlws ;dLIff xf]Og, zf;g
l;nl;nfdf xfdL r}q @& ut] 8f]Nkf Pshgf dfq o;cl3 8f] N kf ;fyLx¿n] pQm b'/fj:yfsf] kmf]6f]nfO{ ?kdf ;DkGg eof] . xfdL b'g}ahf/ xftdf ePsf sfo{sf/Ln] cfk"mn] af]ns ] f afrfsf] glthfd"ns / tYok/s hjfkm
hfg' lyof] . w]/} k|of; ubf{;d]t k'lu;s]sf] afx]s ;a}sf] gofF uGtJo Sofd]/fdf s}b ub}{ xfdL cl3 a9\of} F . 3'dlkm/df nfUof}+ . ;fyLx? oxfFsf] lbg' xf] . Ps aif{df rdTsf/ lsg ePg eg]/ s;}n] ;f]ws ] } 5}gg . s6' oyft{ s]
sf7df8f}Faf6 8f]Nkfsf] nflu l;w}F lyof] . 7"N7"nf kxf8sf] vfF]raf6 s/La # ls=ld= sf] afFsL ofqfkl5 nf]sn pTkfbg jf nfg] lrh s] xf] < xf] eg] tkfO{s + f ;Nnfxsf/x? / dGqL kl/ifb\df 8/fPsf dfG5] 5g\ . hflu/ vfg]
p8fgsf] Joj:yf gx'Fbf cl3Nnf] /ft hxfh cl3 a9\b} ubf{ ofq'x¿df yk b'g} k'lug] /x]5 . s]xLk/ z]–kmf]S;'08f] eGb} vf]hL ul//xg' ePsf] lyof] . / hflu/ hf]ufpg]eGbf dfly ;f]Rg] s;}nfO{ km';b{ / lxDdt 5}g . tkfO{s + f] c;n
-r}q @^_ g]kfnu~hdf latfpg'kg]{ qf;, 8/sf] efjgf ;d]t a9\b} uP /fli6«o lgs'~hsf] ;'/Iffy{ g]kfnL sf];]nL 3/ 5 5}g< cGoq lhNnfdf ;Nnfxsf/n] tkfO{n + fO{ of] klg l;sfpFbf] xf] ls, uNtL / sdhf]/L w]/} ul/Psf] 5,
u/L cfjZos k|jGw ldnfOPsf] lyof] . klg ;]tfDd] lxpFm;lxtsf] ;kmf b[Zon] ;]gfsf] vl6Psf] lyof] . t x'g] u5{ eGb} x'g'x'GYof] . l;dLsf] Jofaxfl/s / gLltut l;k k'ug] , /fhgLlts Joaxf/ ug{ hflgPg, :6]6 /
xfdL @^ ut] ;fFem $M@) ah]sf] dg nf]EofO/x]sf] lyof] . ha xfdL ;' l nuf9 vf] n f t/] / kf/L bfn, lhDd', l6d'/, efFuf]nufotsf kf6L{n{ fO{ skf]/{ 6] OGkm]S;g ef], ;'wf/g rfxG5f} eGg' lyof] . tkfO{n+ fO{ of] a'9;] sfndf
olt Po/nfOG;af6 g] k fnu~h h' k mfn ljdfg:yndf cf] l n{ o f} F ;]kmf]S;'G8f] /fli6«o lgs'~h z'? x'g] j:t'x?df lsGg h'l6/x]sf lyof}F . unt b]lvg gk/f];\ eGg] 5 . tkfO{n + fO{ ;xL yfk]/ cfk"m algof aGg]sf] 3]/fdf
p8fgsf] nflu lqe'jg cGt/f{li6«o :jfutsf] nflu :yfgLo ;fyLx¿ /x]5 . txfF /x]sf] ;]kmf]S;'G8f] /fli6«o lsGg dg nfu] klg ef]lnkN6 k/]sf] k|i6} x'G5 . v} tkfO{s + f] sfd tkfO{s + f] lhDdf . t/, 7'nf] t's / cy{sf] geP
ljdfg:yn sf7df8f}Fsf] 8f]d]li6«s 6Lsf, dfnf, vfbf;lxt nfda4 lgs'~h c+lst af]8{ cfpg] u/L kmf]6f] Po/kf]{6df tf}n w]/} eP/ km\ofSg'kg]{ klg w]/} a]ts ' sf s'/f cfpg 5f]8g' , o;n] gofF aif{ cnL /fhgLlts / a}rfl/s
6ld{gndf k'Uof}F . xtfl/Fb} s] k'u]sf al;/xg'ePsf] lyof] . :jfutsf] l6sf, lvRof}F . 7"nLe]/Lsf] lt/}lt/ cl3 xf] ls eGg]df lrlGtt b]lvg' x'GYof] . ax;sf] dfu{df hfg]5 . cfh g]kfnn] axfgf xf]Og glthf vf]hs ] f] 5 / tL
lyof},F hxfhsf] p8fg cfwf 306f l9nf] dfnfvfbf;lxt xfdLn] h' k mfn a9\bf s/La # lsnf]ld6/ ofqf to !) b]lv !% ldg]6sf] k}bn ofqfdf glthf of] l8hfOg l8km]S6' ePsf] dl;gn] lgsfNb}g . of] AolQmut s'/feGbf w]/}
x'g] hfgsf/L cfof] . cfwf306f glaTb} jl/kl/sf] b[Zo;lxt kmf]6f] lvRof}F . u/]kl5 b'g} k'lug] /x]5 . b'g}ahf/ 3'd]/ ;lsg] /x]5 . 7"nLe]/L dflysf] k|Zg xf] . tkfO{+ c;kmn eP Pp6f tkfO{s + f] lrQ b'Vnf t/ tkfO{n + ]
Ps306f a9L l9nf] x'g] bf];f| ] hfgsf/L df};d !@ l8u|L;]lN;o; /x]sf] lyof] . ahf/ ;fgf], af6f] ;d]t ;fF3'/f], 5] p df ;' ; fpF b} alu/x] s f] lyof] , lauf/Psf] / yf]k/]sf] ;f/f s'/f k'/} g]kfnn] ef]Ug' k5{ . gofF aif{df gofF o'u
cfof] . ljleGg :yfgdf p8fgsf] nflu 3fd nflu/x]sf]n] Tolt lr;f]sf c'gej gbLsf] 5]pdf vf+]rdf /x]sf] 8f]Nkfsf] vRr8sf 306Lx? 3lGs/x]sf] lyP, cfpFb5 } – tl/sf gkm]/L tYo km]l/Gg . of] bnfnsf] 3]/faGbL leqsf] ;Qfaf/]
k|:yfgsIfdf y'k|} ofq'x¿ s'l//x]sf], ePg . xfdL glhs} /x]sf] kqsf/ ;b/d' s fd b' g } 7" n Le] / L l;/l;/ atf; rln/x]sf] lyof] . o;n] a'em]kl5 cfk"m k|wfgdGqL gePsf] eo] tkfO{+ klg n8g tof/ x'gx' G' 5 h:tf]
;dod} p8fg gx'Fbfsf kL8f JoQm afns[i0f 8fFuLsf] xf]6ndf s]xLa]/ gu/kflnsfdf kg]{ /x]5 . lbpF;}b]lv ofqfnfO{ yk /f}gstf k|bfg u/]sf] nfU5 . – g/axfb'/ sfsL{
ul//x]sf] kfOGYof] . s/La %M$% ah] lrof, kfgL vfhf;lxt ;':tfof} F . ;do a]:;/L xfjf rNg], df]afOndf g]6j{ s{ lyof] .
dfq xfdL hxfhdf r9\of}F  . %%
ldg]6sf] p8fgkZrft\ g]kfnu~h
cl3 al9/]xs ] f] lyof] . xfd|f] nflu #
j6f uf8L vf]lh;lsPsf] lyof] .
;d]t cfpg]hfg] eO/xg], lah'nL aQL
ljut b'O{ dlxgfb]lv cj?4 cem}
b'g}sf] kl/bz{g kl5 xfdL a:g]
xf] 6n s] x Lsf] d' /d/ / s] x Lsf] EofG6f vfg'sf kmfObf
ljdfg:yfgdf cf]ln{of} F . oxfF #@ l8u|L h'kmfn–b'g} If]qdf 3'Dgsf] nflu ^,& dlxgf aGgnfO{ nfUg] eGg] laNo";Lk xf]6ntkm{ nfUof} + . lbge/sf] sf7df8f}F . EofG6f xfd|f] efG;fdf s]xL dfqfdf sfaf]{xfO8«]6 / af];f]sf]
;]lN;o; tfkqmd /x]s f] lyof]   . k|l;4 :yfg dWo] lqk'/fsf]6 dlGb/ - hfgsf/L k|fKt eof] . ;~rf/sf] ysfgn] cf]5\ofgdf g9Nb} lgb|fn] kfls/xg] t/sf/L xf] . sltkonfO{ dfqf klg x'G5 .
g]kfnu~haf6 8f]Nkfsf] nflu @& ut] hxfF ;tLb]jLsf] c+u ktg ePsf]_ lx;fan] ;d] t sl7g÷6] l nkmf] g Roflk;s]sf] lyof] . d:t lgb|fdf s] of] Tolt dg kb}{g klg . t/, o;sf EofG6fsf] lgoldt ;]jgn] dw'dx] ,
ljxfg; %M%% sf] p8fg ;do bz{g u/]kZrft\ dfq b'g} kms{g] df]jfOn ;]jf ;d]t ;xh gx'g] /x]5 . 8'as ] f lyof}F laxfg $ ah]sf] df]afOn kmfObf eg] cg]s 5g\\ . o;nfO{ d'6'/f]u, z/L/df af];f] nfUg]h:tf
lbOPsf]n ] ;xhtfsf] nflu xfdL sfo{qmd to ePsf] lyof] . ;fF3'/f] 8f]NkfnfO{ s;}n] dflyNnf] / tNnf] 306Ln] Ao"em\ofof] . xfdL ;a} Ps ;Gt'lnt cfxf/sf ¿kdf lnOG5 . :jf:Yo ;d:ofsf] hf] l vd;d] t
ljdfg:yn glhs}sf] xf]6ndf /ft sRrL, lxnfDd] af]6f]d f tLgj6f 8f]Nkf u/L b'O{ efudf afF8]/ rrf{ 306fsf] ofqfkZrft\ h' k mfn EofG6fdf le6fldg P, ;L, O{, s], Go" g Ls/0f u5{   . -o;df kfOg]
latfpg] k|jGw u¥of}F . ef]lnkN6 uf8Ldf xfd|f] 6f]nL lqk'/fsf]6tkm{ ug]{ u/]sf] t s;}n] dflyNnf], dWo / kmls{;s]sf lyof}F . Kn]g x'Dnf uP/ gfol;g, kmf]n]6, le6fldg aL ^, le6fldg aL–^, ;L, kf] 6fl;od,
laxfg $ ah] ;a} e]6 x'g] lgwf] u/L nfUof} F   . sl/a $% ldg] 6 sf] tNnf] 8f]nf u/L tLg efudf ljefhg ks]{kl5 dfq xfdLnfO{ lng cfpg] x'Fbf Snf] l/g, kf] 6fl;od, SoflN;od, jg:klthGo kf]ifs tTjn] d'6'hGo
5'l6\6of}F . ofqfkZrft\ uf8Laf6 cf]ln{P/ kf/L u/L rrf{ ug]{ u/]sf] kfOof] . gu/If]q * aHg] lglZrt lyof]   . xfdL cfO/g, DofUg]l;od, kmf];kmf]/;, lh+s, :jf:Yo ;d:ofnfO{ sd u5{ . o;df
laxfg %M%% sf] tf/f Po/sf] b]lvg] lqk'/fsf]6 dlGb/ bz{g ug{ elgg] h'kmfn, lqk'/fsf]6, b'g}df t enfs';f/L ub}{ yk b[Zo s}b ub}{ sk/, Dofuflgh ;]n]lgod cflb tTj ˆofef]gfO8 klg cTolws dfqfdf
p8fgaf6 8f]Nkfsf] h'kmfn -@&#% hfg' kg] { lyof]   . xfdL s/La #) olt w]/} ;d:of b]lvG5g\\ eg] dflyNnf] a:of} + . hxfh cfpg} nfUbf ldq kfOG5 . kfOG5 . h;n] z/L/df zlQmzfnL
ld6/_ ljdfg:yn x' F b} 8f] Nkfsf] ldg]6sf] k}bn ofqfkZrft\ lqk'/fsf]6 8f]Nkf;lxt 8f]Nkfsf b'u{d :yfgsf] afns[ i 0f 8fF uLn] l6sf / vfbf EofG6fdf Go"g Sofnf]/L x'g] ePsfn] PlG6clS;8]G6 pTkfbg u5{ . EofG6f
;b/d'sfd b'g}df hfg'kg]{ lyof] . dlGb/ k'uL bz{g ul/of] . ef/tLo ljsf;sf] cj:yf s:tf] xf]nf ;xh} nufOlbP/ labfO ug'{eof] . 5'6\g dg o;sf] lgoldt ;]j gn] z/L/sf] ;]jgn] Aof8 sf]n:6«f]nnfO{ lgoGq0f
l6s6df Pp6f ;do lgwf{/0f ul/Psf] b" t fjf;n] dlGb/ jl/kl/ af6f] cg'dfg ug{ ;lsG5 . h'kmfndf Pp6f, gx'Fbf gx'Fb} klg …afO{–afO{Ú eGb} xfdL tf}nnfO{ ;Gt'lnt /fVg] sfd u5{ . ug] { ePsfn] /QmrfknfO{ klg
eP klg laxfg x'Dnf uP/ kmls{Pkl5 hxfhdf r9\of}F . /, s/La #) ldg]6sf] o;df kmfOa/sf] dfqf cTolws x'G5 . ;Gt'ngdf /fV5 .
dfq * ah]lt/ 8f]Nkf p8fg x'g] olt p8fgkZrft\ g]kfnu~h k'Uof}F . h;n] z/L/sf] kfrg k|lqmofnfO{ dfq EofG6fdf kfOg] kf] 6fl;odn]
Po/nfOG;sf sd{rf/Laf6 hfgsf/L cfzf 5, olt /dfOnf] 8f]Nkf Jojl:yt ub}{g ls sf]n:6« f]n / z/L/df On]S6«f]nfO6\;sf] ;Gt'ng
eof] . xfdL l6s6df n]lvPsf] ;dodf lhNnfsf] oxfFx?n] ;d]t e|d0f u/]/ lrgLsf] dfqf klg 36fpF5 . sfod /fVg ;xof]uL e"ldsf v]N5 .
p8fg x'g'kg]{, ;f]xLcg';f/ 8f]Nkfdf 8f]NkfnfO{ glhsaf6 b]Vg], lrGg] / EofG6fsf] k|of]un] slAhotsf] h;n] z/L/df ;f]l8odsf] c;/nfO{
sfo{qmd to ePsf] 5 egL nfdf] lrgfpg] ofqfdf ;l/s x'g] ls < hf]lvdnfO{ klg sd u5{ . EofG6fdf lgliqmo agfO{ /Qmrfk lgoGq0f u5{ .
@)&^ ;fn j}zfv @( ut] cfOtaf/ 7

xfdL sDo'lg:6 M ;a}eGbf pRr larf/ ePsf dflg; xf}+ dfgl;s tgfjnfO{ sd ug{ k~r} afhf ahfP/ lax]  Û
xfdL sDo'lg:6 xf} + . cyf{t sDo'gdf a? s;}nfO{ yfxf gx'g] t/ laz]iftfn] g]kfnL gofF hgjfbL qmflGtn] nfdf] xf] ;Ltf efph"nfO{ 5f]/f tyf rf]6 t nfluxfN5 lg ÛÆ eg]/ xsfg]{ d[To'sf] zf]s;Fu} l;Ë} kl/jf/sf] hLjgsf]
ljZjf; ug]{ dfG5]x?sf] cu|b:tf, cyf{t ;Daf]wg ubf{ 6\ofSs} ;a}nfO{ yfxf x'g] ju{;3+ if{sf] dfu ub{5 eGg] 7fG5g\, 5f] /Lsf] ljof]usf] ulx/f] kL8f 5 . zlQmeQm dfgl;stfaf6 x's] {sf vt/fsf] jfbn ;Ltf efph"n] b]Vg] u/L
sDo'gf8{ . o;df xfdLnfO{ of] x'g of] s:tf] cj:of xf] eGg] :ki6 5 . sf]xLn] gofF hgjfbL qmflGtsf] r/0f ju{ pxfFFsf] Tof] kL8fnfO{ Go'lgs/0f ug{' xfdLnfO{ clxn] ;Ltf efph's f] d8fl/Psf] xf]nf . ;fob ;Ltf efph"
kfPsf]df uj{ nfU5 . xfd|f] ;j{xf/f juL{o laz]iftfn] lrGg] kf6L{ yfxf gx'g] eg]sf] b':dg;Fu eLif0f o'4sf] r/0f ePsf] k6Ss} /fd|f] s'/f xf]Og . of] s'/f;Fu} syfn] v'j tfg]s f] 5 . t/ dnfO{ s'g} a]nfsf] dxfg ljb|fx] LsL dxfg hLjg
b[li6sf]0f x'G5 . xfdL ;j{xf/f ju{kl| t kf6L{ gfd ldn]g eGbf x'G5 . gfd t 7fGb5g\ \ . ;dfhjfbsf] pRr r/0fdf s] s'/f klg ;To xf] eg] b]z df eg] o:tf] syfn] k6Ss} tfg]s f] ofqLaf6 v'dl' { /P/ k|r08 bfh';uF } Pp6f
Odfgbf/ 5f} + . xfdL juL{o ;dfhdf ;sf/fTds laz]iftfx?n] k"0f{ ?ksf] x'g' dfq} o'4sf] r/0f ;lsg] / cleofgfTds hgo'4sf] qmddf xhf/f}+ cfdfx¿n] 5}g  . lsg eg] of] c? s;}n fO{ cflS:ds ?kn] auf]T{ yfg ePsf] e|i6
oL kL8f Joxf] /] sf 5g\ \ / o:tf] gk/]/ ;Ltf efph" nfO{ dfq} k/]sf] /fhgLlt1sL clwsf/ ljlxg u[lx0fL dfq
ljgf]b bfxfn an/fd ltdlN;gf
sDo'lg:6 x'g ;xh x'bF g}  . ;fdfGo r]tgfn]
rfx] h] xf];, >LdtLsf] k|jn dfusf] gfddf
sDo'lg:6 x'g ;ls+bg}  . ;j{xf/f ju{sf] dflg; x'Fb}df k|r08 bfh'n] cfh k'g{ljjfxsf] pT;j dgfP .
klg sDo'lg:6 x'g ;ls+b}g . laif]z vfnsf] Ifdtf ef]ln efph"n] 5f]/fsf] gfddf >Ldb efujt
cfjZos k5{ . nfn / lgk"0f{ sDo'lg:6sf] u'0f ;Ktfx nufpmF eGg' xf]nf, ef]ln efpFh"n] 5f]/fsf]
xf] . ulx/f] cg';Gwfgsf] Ifdtf sDo'lg:6sf] nflu gfddf Pp6f dlGb/ agfpmF eGg' xf]nf of o:t}
cfjZos k5{ . 1fg, a'l4 / ljj]saf6 rNg] / s]xL eGg' xf]nf . of ;Ltf efph"sf] cfTdfsf]
cfnf]rgfTds Ifdtf klg clgjfo{ cfjZostf zflGtsf] nfuL, s'g} kf]v/L, tnfpm of dlGb/
kb{5 . gftf ;DaGw tf]8\g jf kIf glng, wd{ la?4 agfpFg] dfu cfof] eg] k|r08 bfh'n] s] ug{'
xf]nf < d]/f] dgn] eG5– ;Ltf efph" ;t k|ltzt
v8f x'g, hftLo tyf If]qLo zf]r / lrGtgaf6 d'Qm x'g ;fdfGo r]tgf:t/ x'g]n] cfWoflTds e};Sg' ePsf] 5 . To;f] t pxfFF
;Sb}g . To:tf] lxDdt gu/L sDo'lg:6 x'g ;ls+bg}  . k'/fgf ;f]r, lrGtg, jfgL, ef}ltsjfbL s}n} aGg' ePg xf]nf / efph"af6
Jojxf/, k/Dk/f, ;+:s[lt / hLjgz}nL abNg] s'/f qmflGt k'/f ug]{ ;jfn hlQs} e6fe6 To:tf] dfu cfpg] vt/f 5 . s'g} lbg
sl7g;fWo sfd xf] . oL tdfd laifo eGbf lakl/t cj:yfdf k'u]/ sDo'lg:6 x'g] cfwf/ o'4df dfl/Psf ;]gf k|x/L / l;lenx¿sf]
v8f x'G5 . olt x'Fbf dfq klg sDo'lg:6 x'g ;ls+bg} , lab|f]xL dfq x'g ;lsG5 . ;+emgfdf– k|r08 kl/jf/n] ækfk df]rg dxfo1Æ
sDo'lg:6 x'g t Tof] eGbf lgSs} a9L kf] x'g' kb{5 t Û ug]{ vj/ cfof] eg] klg To;nfO{ kTofpFg d
ePsf]n] ;dfhdf /x]sf zf]liftkLl8t, kg]x{ f], oxfF To:tf] b]lv+bg}  . sDo'lg:6 9Ën] ;fDojfbL ofqfdf hfg ;lsg]df tof/ eP/ a;]sf] 5' .
bldt, Gofok|d] L, d'lQmsfdL >dlhjL kf6L{ lrgfpg l;+u / k'5/ yfKg' kg]{ ljZj:t b] l vG5g\ \   . qmflGtsf/L y] /fkLsf] vfF rf] tL ;a}n fO{ 5 . rf] 6 xf]Og . c? hg;fdfGonfO{ eOg xf]nf . ;fob ;Ltf efph"nfO{
hgtfk|lt xfd|f] kIfw/tf x'G5 . xfdL cj:yf cfOg} /x]sf] 5 . ljBdfg zlQmx?sf] sf]xLdf h9tf a9L / sf]xLdf o' 4 d} efu glnPsf klg nfvf} + klg ;+e mfO{ a'e mfO{ ug{' kg] { dfG5] k|r08 bfh'sf] of}g cfr/0f jf/] e|d
slQsf] sDo'lg:6 eof} + < of] xfdL cfkm}+ cj:yfdf /x]sf sDo'lg:6 kf6L{x? ;[hgfTdstfsf] gfddf ;'wf/jfbsf kl/jf/nfO{ o:tf] kL8f 5 . cfkm} nDk;f/ k/] k l5 s;} n ] g} ;xL u+eL/ zÍf nfUof] xf]nf . of
;ldIff u/L/x]sf 5f}+ . sDo'lg:6 sDo'lg:6 kf6L{ t x'g\ eg]/ 3f]lTng' kg]{ nIf0f a9L b]lvPsf 5g\ \ . oL b'O{ kf6L{x? ;Demgf]; t s] lgd{nfsL cfdfnfO{ s7} j/L ;d]t eGg 5f]8 ]sf xhf/f}+ zfob lar/L efph"nfO{ Pdfn]df k'u/]
kL8f 5} g xf] n f < cfh ;Ltf ;lxb kl/jf/n] s; /L lrQ lsPsf] k|r08sf] sb b]Vbf klg cfTd
k|of]uaf6 x'g] kl/0ffdsf] s'/f xf], cj:yf 5 . a? oL ;a}nfO{ laz]if0fn] klg To:t} b]lvPsf 5g\ \ .
efph"sf] kL8fdf 3'F Ss 3'FSs /f] P/ a' e mfpF 5 g\   < clg d fgl; s UnfgL eof] xf]nf . d]/f] ljrf/df ;Ltf
ju{;3+ if{n] pTkfbg u/]sf] ljz]if vfnsf] ;Daf]wg ubf{ g} plt / Gofof]lrt x'G5 . lautsf] hgo'4sf] cg'ej / ;ldIff …dfgjLo ;+ j ] b gfÚ k| s 6 ug] { tgfjnfO{ sd ug{ k~r} afhf efph"sf b'Mv / cj;fbsf c? g}
dfG5] xf] . xfdL cfk"mnfO{ k|of]udf g]skf -s§]n_ j}wflgs v'bf| k;n ;fy} ljsf; ub}{ dfcf]jfbL cfGbf]ngsf] ;fyLx¿n] s] lgd{nfsf] kl/jf/ jf/] ahfP/ lax] ug]{ of] e2f gf6s uf]Ko sf/0f 5g\ \ . Pp6L ;fdfGo dlxnf
nlu/x]sf 5f}+ . ju{;+3if{ g} xfd|f] xf] . g]skf -cf]nL u'6_ 7u Jofkf/L xf] . k'gu{7g clxn]sf] cfjZostf xf] . o;} u/L ;f] r] t < tL ;fyLx¿n] x] / ] k l5 l6–z6{ / xfkm kfOG6 ePsf sf/0f pgn] Tof] aflx/ eGg
ljZjljBfno xf] . sDo'lg:6 x'gs ' f] g]skf -k'su'6_ ;kgfx? /fv]/ sdfpg] s]xLdf cj;/jfbsf nIf0fx? 5g\\ h;n] hgo' 4 df PseGbf a9L ;Gtfg nufP/ lax] ug]{ xfdLn] s] ug] { < klg ;lSbgg / elgg eg] pgsf]
gftfn] xfdL pQm ljBfnosf ljBfyL{ wGbf u/]sf] Pp6f sf]7L xf] . ls/0f / of] cfjZostf k'/f x'g lbPsf 5}gg\ . u'd fpFg ] cfdfx¿ clg cfdf–a' af km] l/ lax] ug]{  < x} 6 Û v}l/ot klg /xFbg} ls <
xf} + . xfd|f gofFgofF k|of]u / 1fgn] xfdLnfO{ rGbsf kf6L{ k;n ckl;hg em}+ rn]sf dfn]dfjfbsf cfwf/e't k|:yfjgfx?nfO{ g} u'dfpFg] ;Gtfgx¿ af/] ;f]r] t < ha cfGbf]ng ljrlnt x'G5 . rfx] h] xf];, >LdtLsf] k|jn
cfwf/e't, ;fdfGo / ljlzi6 sIffx?df dfq 5g\ \ . d;fn, dfn], /f]lxtnufotsf cfTd:jLsf/ ug]{ xf] eg] of] ;Dej x'GYof] d] / L cfdfn] klg o' 4 df cfˆgf] cfGbf]ngsf cu'jfx¿ k}n] larlnt dfusf] gfddf k|r08 bfh'n] cfh
cku|l] 8ª ul//x]sf] x'G5 . ;j{xf/f ju{sf] cGon] klg sDo'lg:6 g} eGg] u/]sf t/ clxn]sf] kf6L{ g]tT[ j, Ifdtf / sfG5f] 5f]/f] u'dfpFg' eof] . d b}lgs x'G5g\ . cem egf}+ g, cfGbf]ngsf k'g{ljjfxsf] pT;j dgfP . ef]ln
cu|b:tf ljBfjfl/lw u/]sf ljz]if 5g\ \ . afa'/fdsf] kf6L{ t gfd dfq xf], cj:yfn] c;Dej em}+ ePsf] 5 . ;j{xf/f cfdfsf] cg' x f/df cfdfsf tL cu'jfx¿ larlnt ePkl5 cfGbf]ng efph"n] 5f]/fsf] gfddf >Ldb efujt
Ifdtfsf dflg; x'G5g\ \ . of] xfd|f] a'emfO{ of] vf;df a'x/' fli6«o sDklgsf] Pp6f ju{sf] cu|b:tf jf sDo'lg:6 kf6L{df kL8fx¿ k9\ 5 '   . t/ d] /L cfdf larlnt x'G5 . xhf/f}+ nfvf}+ sf ;Ktfx nufpmF eGg' xf]nf, ef]ln efpFhn" ]
xf] . zfvf dfq xf] . ;+;bjfbn] ufFh/] kf6L{x? hgjfbL s]lGb|otfsf] ;+u7gfTds y]/fkL g} ug{' kg]{ xfntdf x'g'x'Gg . ;kgfx¿nfO{ cFWof/f vf8Ldf uf8]/ 5f]/fsf] gfddf Pp6f dlGb/ agfpmF
k|r08 bfOsf] a} rfl/s /fhgLlts lxhf] cfkm}n+ ] b'Zdg 3f]if0ff u/]sfx¿;Fu eGg' xf]nf of o:t} s]xL eGg' xf]nf . of
xfdL ;dfhsf larf/x?dWo] ?kdf dfq km/s, ;f/df lab]zL zlQm l;4fGtsf] k|of]udf cefj ePsf] 5 .
ofqfnfO{ ; fy lbPsL Pp6L nlqg uPkl5 k|r08 kl/jf/sf] g}lts ;Ltf efph"sf] cfTdfsf] zflGtsf] nfuL,
;a}eGbf pRr larf/ ePsf dflg; xf} + . s]Gb|sf Ph]G6 g} x'g \ . qmflGtsf/L x'F kf6L{df 36gf ljz]ifn] tyf ;dfj]zL cleefjsn] o;/L xtf] T ;flxt k'h
F L u'd/] 6f6 kN6]sf] 5 . ca k|r08 s'g} kf]v/L, tnfpm of dlGb/ agfpFg]
xfdL ;j{>i] 7 / ;Eo dfgj hftL xf} + . eg]/ kmnfSg]x? klg lab]zL n'6/] fx? cfwf/ klqmP/ g] t[ T jdf k' u ] s f, b]lvg' pT;fxhgs xf] t < kSs} bfO sd/]8 /x]gg . ca pgL cho dfu cfof] eg] k|r08 bfh'n] s] ug{'
xfdL cefj/lxt dfgj ;dfh agfpg cyf{t ax'/fli6«o lgudx?af6 b]z cj;/jfbL cfwf/df g]tT[ jdf k'us ] f/ xf] Og . s] ;dfg 36gfaf6 hGdg] ;'dfuL{sf uf]Ko Joj;flos kf6{g/ ag] . xf]nf < d]/f] dgn] eG5– ;Ltf efph"
rfxG5f} + . xfdL sDo'gdf ljZjf; u5f}+ { / hf]ufpg] gLlt v'ndv'Nnf eGg ;Sb}gg\ . hgjfbL s]lGb|otfsf] l;4fGteGbf kL8f klg 7"nf a8fx¿sf nflu 7"nf ;+ejtM 5f]/f k|sfzsf] csNklgo ;t k|ltzt cfWoflTds e};Sg' ePsf]
cfa4 x'g tof/ 5f} + . ;j{xf/f ju{kl| tsf] oxL la8DagfsfaLr xfdL sDo'lg:6sf] aflx/af6 g]tT[ jdf k'us ] fx?af6 o:df / ;fgfltgfsf nflu ;fg} x'G5g\ d[To'kl5 nf]sn] yfxf gkfPsf] ljzfn 5 . To;f] t pxfFF ef}ltsjfbL s}n}
xfd|f] Odfgbfl/tfdf st} cfFr cfpg /fhgLlt ul//x]sf 5f} + . afwf c8\rg v8f ul/Psf 5g\\ . t < /fhs' df/Lsf] v' § fdf sfF 8 f cfly{s >f]t cnkq eof] xf]nf / aGg' ePg xf]nf / efph"af6 e6fe6
lbg] 5}gf} + . juL{o ;dfhsf] cGTo cyf{t clxn] g]kfndf sDo'lg:6 kf6L{ sDo'lg:6 kf6L{nfO{ ;kfg]{ sxfFaf6 xf] < laem]5 eGg] ;'Gbf– æs7}j/L Û ljr/L To;sf] zf]s xf]nf < zfob 5f]/f To:tf] dfu cfpg] vt/f 5 . s'g}
;j{xf/f ju{sf] d'lQmsf] ;jfn g} xfd|f] gfdsf kf6L{x? w]/} 5g\ \ . sDo'lg:6 of] a9f] dxTjsf] ;jfn xf] . /fhs' d f/Lsf k" m nh:tf v' § fn] k|sfzsf] d[To' k|r08 kl/jf/sf] lbg o'4df dfl/Psf ;]gf k|x/L /
;a}eGbf ;a} sfdsf/jfxLsf s]Gb| xf] . cyf{t sDo'gdf ljZjf; /fVg] cj:yfdf sDo'lg:6 x'g ;xh x'bF g}  . ;fdfGo s;/L vk] xf]nfg <Æ eg]/ cfF ;' cfTdjn ;bfsf] lglDt w/fzfoL l;lenx¿sf] ;+ e mgfdf– k| r 08
juL{o ;dfhsf ;f]r / lrGtgsf dflg; s'g} klg 5}gg\ eGg] Jojxf/tM b]lvG5g\ \ . r]tgfn] sDo'lg:6 x'g ;ls+bg}  . ;j{xf/f emfg{ vf]Hg] t/ cfˆg} 5f]/Ln] 3fF; agfOlbg] pgLx¿sf] nflu 1ft t/ kl/jf/n] ækfk df]rg dxfo1Æ ug]{
eGbf xfdL u'0ffTds ?kn] g} km/s 5f} + . d]/f] rfxgf s] xf] eg] xfdL 5f}+ To:tf ju{sf] dflg; x'bF d} f klg sDo'lg:6 x'g sf6\bf cf}+ nf sfl6g eg] – æ5\of aflx/ eGg gldNg] s'g} j}bl] zs zlQm vj/ cfof] eg] klg To;nfO{ kTofpFg
lsg cflQPsL < cln cln 3fpm dfkm{t\ eof] xf]nf . To;kl5 5f]/fsf] d tof/ eP/ a;]sf] 5' .
xfd|f af]nL / Jojxf/x? juL{o ;dfhdf Odfgbf/ sDo'lg:6 elGbpg\ . xfdLnfO{ ;ls+ b} g  . laif] z vfnsf] Ifdtf
leh]sf c?sf eGbf km/s 5g\\ .
sDo'lg:6 x'g ;ky lnPsf xfd|f k|lta4tf
eGbf xfd|f km/s af]nL / Jojxf/ 5}gg\ .
åGbfTds ef}ltsjfbdf ljZjf; 5
elGbpg\ . cfbz{jfb / clwe'tjfbdf
ljZjf; gug]{ zlQm xf}+ elGbpg\ . d]/f]
cfjZos k5{ . nfn / lgk"0f{ sDo'lg:6sf]
u'0f xf] . ulx/f] cg';Gwfgsf] Ifdtf
sDo'lg:6sf] nflu cfjZos k5{ . 1fg,
‘bnfnsf] dltof/ ag]/ a'afn] dnfO{ k|ltaGw ug{'eof]’
sf7df8f}F . ;+ljwfg;ef ;b:o gePsf] k|ltlqmof lb+b} ;]qm]6/L k|of;n] klg s'?k agfO lbG5, hgtfnfO{ gfËf]
xfdL cfh;Dd dflg;n] cfh{g u/]sf rfxgf hgtf;Fu hf]l8g] gfddf hgtfn] a'l4 / ljj]saf6 rNg] / cfnf]rgfTds tyf ;Qf?9 bn g] s kfsf g] tf k| r 08x? nfzsf] rfËdf 6] s ] / agfP/ g]tf wlg agfO lbG5, h'g
;Dk"0f{ pknlAwx?df :jfldTj u|x0f ug{ g} g]tT[ j ug]{ cj:yfdf gkm;'g\ jf Ifdtf klg clgjfo{ cfjZostf kb{5 . emSs'k|;fb ;'j]bLsf 5f]/f tyf g]q l;+xb/af/ l5/]sf u2f/sf] kl5 nfu]/ Joj:yfaf6 dxf;lra ljKna 5Nn]/
rfxG5f} + . xfdL dfgj hftLn] clxn];Dd hgtfsf] g]tT[ j ug]{ tfut gu'dfpg\ . gftf ;DaGw tf]8g\ jf kIf glng, wd{ ljqmd rGb -ljKnj_ g]t[Tjsf] g]skf cfˆgf] a'af emSs' ;'a]bL k|r08sf] PsLs[t qmflGtsf] af6f] nfUg' eof] .
NofPsf ;aeGbf lxtsf] ;fdflhs qmflGtsf/L af6f] 5f]8/] ;'wf/jfbdf la?4 v8f x'g, hftLo tyf If]qLo /f]Nkfsf ;]qm]6/L ;Gtf]if ;'j]bLn] dltof/ ag]sf] uDeL/ cf/f]k nufPsf gq ljKnan] rfx]sf] eP s'g dGqfno
Joj:yf lgdf{0f ug]{ cu'jfO{ ul//x]sf gkm;'g\ . sDo'lg:6 cfGbf]ng leq zf]r / lrGtgaf6 d'Qm x'g ;fdfGo a'afx? bnfnsf] sf]7/Ldf l;WgLg 5g\\ . tkfO+x{ ?sf] d'Vo b'Zdg sf] xf] < kfpb}gy] < j}1flgs ;dfhjfbL Joj:yf
5f} + . o;f] eGg ;Sg] cj:yfdf xfdL cjz/jfbL nfOgdf gb]lvpg . cxF, r]tgf:t/ x'gn ] ] ;Sb}g . To:tf] lxDdt uPkl5 cfGbf] n gdf nfUg' k/] s f elg ;f]lwPsf]
e}lbPsf] eP clxn] xfd|f] cj:yf klg Tof] cj:yf b]lvPsf] 5}g . s'g} t gu/L sDo'lg:6 x'g ;ls+bg}  . k'/fgf atfPsf 5g\ \   . pgn] xfn} Ps k| Zgsf] pQ/
kSs} cs}{ x'GYof] . dflg;x? cs}{ ;dfh la;h{gjfbdf k'us ] f 5g\\ eg] afFsLdf ;f]r, lrGtg, jfgL, Jojxf/, k/Dk/f, cGt/jftf{ lb+b} pgn] cfkm}+n] g]t[Tj lb+ b } ;' a ] b Ln]
cEo:t eO;s]sf x'Gy] . xfdL dfq x}g klg cj;/jfbsf of] jf Tof] nIf0fx? ;+:s[lt / hLjgz}nL abNg] s'/f qmflGt u/]sf] cfGbf]ngnfO{ wf]sf lb+b} cufl8 lxhf] !) aif]{
a9]kl5 cfk" mx? hgtfsf] lxtdf hgo'2df sfFu; ]|
dflg; g} cs}{ cj:yfdf hLjg lhPsf au|]NtL b]lvG5g\\ . ;'wf/jfbL ag]/ k'/f ug]{ ;jfn hlQs} sl7g;fWo sfd cfGbf]ngdf h'6g\ k/]sf] atfPsf x'g \ . k| b fg b' Z dg
x'Gy] . k|ltlqmofjfbL Joj:yfsf] ;Qf ;~rfng xf] . oL tdfd laifo eGbf lakl/t pgn] eg], …xfd|f] a'afx? k|r08sf] e P k l g
xfdL gfdn] dfq ;Daf]wg ub}g{ f},+ ug{ cyf{t k|ltlqmofjfbLsf] ;]jf ug{ cj:yfdf k'u/] sDo'lg:6 x'g] cfwf/ g]t[Tjdf lxhf]sf bnfn, km6fxf, e|i6, clxn]sf] k|bfg
laz]if0faf6 ;Daf]wg ug{ klg dflx/ uPsf 5g\ \ . yf]/} dfq Odfgbf/ e}lbP, v8f x'G5 . olt x'bF f dfq klg sDo'lg:6 ;a}eGbf abdf; dfG5]x? h;nfO{ b' Zdg bnfn
5f} + . xfdL /fd|f] lgotn] ;Daf]wg klg o:tfn] cfk"mnfO{ sDo'lg:6 gelglbP x'g ;ls+bg} , lab|fx] L dfq x'g ;lsG5 . l;Wofpg' k5{ eg]/ nfUg'eof] . cfh e | i 6 rf / Lx ?
u5f}+{ / awlgotn] klg ul//x]sf x'G5f} + . x'GYof], cfˆgf] laz]iftf cg';f/sf] sDo'lg:6 x'g t Tof] eGbf lgSs} a9L ltg} dfG5]nfO{ g]tf dfGg] 7fpFdf ePsf] atfPsf
gfdn] ;Daf]wg gldNg ;S5, laz]iftfn] gfdfs/0f ul/lbP hgtf e|ddf kg]{ kf] x'g' kb{5 t Û k'Ug'eof] . of] la8Dagf xf], pxfFFx? 5g\ \ . pgn] yk],
;Daf]wg ubf{ /fd|f] dfG5f} + . laz]iftf lyPgg\ / ;j{xf/f ju{kl| t a]Odfg ug]{ sDo'lg:6 x'g] ;fdfGo cj:yf eg]sf] bnfn ;+;bLo Joj:yfsf] gfOs] aGg lxhf]sf] h:tf]
rflx+ 6\ofSs} ldNg] vfnsf]af6 ;Daf]wg km6fxf x'g] lyPgg\ . pgLx?n] h'g ju{sf] ;j{xf/f ju{sf] cu|b:tfdf cfa4 x'g' hfg' eof]   .Ú lxhf] s f ;+ ; bafbL s'g} bn, kf6L{
ubf{ ;a}n] cfTd:jLs[tn] To;/L g} k|ltlglwTj ug]{ x'g\ ToxL ju{sf] ;'xfpFbf] kb{5 . ToxL b:tfdf g} sDo'gsf] e|0" f bnfnx?nfO{ l;Wofpg' k5{ eg]/ lx8\g' jf zlQm k|d'v
;Daf]wg ug{ yfNb5g\ \ . ;dfhdf xfdLn] gfd /flvlbP dfq klg yf]/} Odfg ePsf] x'G5, sDo'lg:6 x'g] cfwf/ v8f x'G5 . ePsf k|r08 nufPtsf g]tfx? !& b'Zdg geP/
b]vs ] f / ef]us ] f s'/f x'g\ oL . 8\of; zlQmsf] ?kdf dfGg ;lsGYof] . oxL g} ;dfhjfb tyf ;fDojfbsf] hu xhf/ zlxbsf] alnbfgL e'n]/ pg} h' g ;' s } kf6L{
bnfnx? ;F u k| r08 nufotsf leq /x]sf e|i6bnfnx? g} d'Vo b'Zdg leq hgtf dxndf g]tf em'kf| df x'g5] g\,\
dfcf]jfbL / Sof; dfcf]jfbLsf] ;Daf]wg clxn] qmflGtsf/L ljz]iftfsf xf] . oxL hudf 6]ss ] f] dflg; dfq g]tfx? k'u]sf] ;'a]bLsf] cf/f]k 5 . ePsf] ls6fg u/]sf 5g\\ . To;df kf6L{ ;r]t 5 . …cGt/jftf{sf]
6\ofSs} ldnfP/ dflg;n] u/]sf ;Daf]wg nIf0fx? ePsf @ j6f kf6L{x? 5g\–\ jf:tjdf sDo'lg:6 xf] . h'g w/ftndf pgn] eg], …/ftf] skmg 6fpsf]df ;Qfdf k'us ] f g]tfx?sf] JolQmut qmddf ;Gtf]if ;'j]bLn] cfkm'Fx? z}Go
x'g'  \ . klxnf ;a}n] rf/ tf/f Hofgdf/f ls/0f / ljKnjn] g]tT[ j u/]sf kf6L{x? . 6]s ]s f] x' G5 jf:tjdf dflg;sf] afF w ] / n8]s fx?sf] g] t[ Tj u/] sf] hLjg aGof] t/ hgtfsf] hLjg:t/ ultljlw;lxt cufl8 a9\b} u/]sf];d]t
eGy] To;}u/L . gk'z + s kf6L{ eGof}+ eg] c? klg ;d'x / JolQmx? qmflGtsf/L jf:tljstf ToxL x'G5 . a'hj'{ f cf8 / cfGbf] n gnfO lar} d f t' j fP/ p:t} /Xof], ef]ln ljKna ;Qfdf v'nfPsf 5g\\ . ;/sf/n] k|ltaGw
csf]{ cfk"mnfO{ eg]sf] eg]/ a'n'S{ s u'0f ePsf / ;+u7gdf cfa4 x'g rfxg] 9f8;df afFrs ] fx?n] sDo'lg:6 kf6L{sf] cfTd;dk{0f ubf{ lxhf]sf bnfnx? k'uk] l5 o:t} gx'g] s] cfwf/ 5 eGg nufP;Fu} cfkm'Fx? hgd'lQm ;]gfsf]
plk|mGYof] . o;f] eGbf s;nfO{ eg]sf l:yltdf 5g\\  . pgLx? dfk"mnfO{ g]tT[ j lng k'Ubf s:tf] xfnt eof] eGg] cfh g]tf aGg] l:yltdf s;/L k'u] <Ú k|Zgdf ;'a]bLn] eg], …of] ;+;bLo u7g / tflnddf h' 6] s f] ;d] t
x'g\ eg]/ lrgfpg kb}g{ Yof] . kf6L{sf] gfd dfn]dfjfbL ePsf] :jLsf/ ub{5g\ \ . xfdL ;a}n] ef]lu/x]s} 5f} + . cfˆgf] a'af;+u ;Dks{ tyf ;Dafb Joj:yfn] g]tfsf ;'Gb/ cg'xf/x?nfO{ ;fj{hlgs u/]sf 5g\\ .
8 @)&^
sf= lh=;fn
k|= j}
sf=zfvb= @( ut] cfOtaf/
g+= !^#÷@)^#÷^$

kmf;LjfbL=====
ljBfb]jL e08f/LnfO{ klg cfhLjg
k| s f08;lxtsf ;of} + g] t f tyf
sfo{stf{x?sf] lu/km\tf/L / em'6f d'2f
dflkmofx?sf] xftdf 5 . ahf/ 5f8f
5, h;n] h] u/] klg x'G5 . ahf/sf]
;Dk"0f{ pbok'/af;L hgtfdf clkn
ub{5 . o;} ;Gbe{df pbok'/ lhNnfdf
kqsf/ dxf;+3sf] cfsl:ds a}7skl5
hf/L k|]; lj1lKt– æg]kfn kqsf/
aGb'sn] bafpg clGtd k|of; ul//x]sf]
eGb} pkfWoIf e§/fO{n] hglj/f]lw Pj+
/fi6«klt alg/xg] k|an OR5f 5 . cleofg g} rnfP/ cfqmd0f ul/of] . dfWodaf6 7"nf] n'6kf6 ePsf] 5 . sfo{/t ;+3;+:yf / Joj;foLnfO{ dxf;+3 pknAw s]Gb|Lo ;ldltsf] /fi6«3flt 7'nf 7'nf tfgfzfxx¿ hgtfsf]
of] OR5fnfO{ alnof] agfpgsf nflu To;af6 ;/sf/ cfkm}+ gflËof] / ;Qf t/, ;/sf/, /]nsf, kfgLhxfhsf cfhsf] ldltb] l v ;ft lbg cfsl:ds a}7s dxf;+3sf cWoIf cfGbf]ngsf] cufl8 ;dfKt ePsf]
pgLx? kf6L{leq klg lj/f]wLx?nfO{ g} xlNng] cj:yf aGof] lsgls ljKnj clg cGt/LIfsf efif0f ub}{ lxF8]sf] @)&^.!.@%_ leq cfjZos uf]ljGb cfrfo{sf] cWoIftfdf @)&^ Oltxf; ;fFIfL /x]sf] / h]n g]n /
l;Wofpg] / aflx/ klg lj/f]wLnfO{ g]t[Tjsf] g]skf ;+oldt aGof] / 5 . sf7df8f}Fsf ;8s dd{t ug{ sfuhft;lxt lhNnf hgk/l/ifb\ a}z fv @& ut] s]Gb|L o sfof{no xTs8Lx¿n] hgtfsf] ljrf/ /
p7\g} glbg] u/L 808f jiff{pFb} 5g\ . hgk|ltsf/sf] /0fgLlt ljsf; u¥of] . g;Sg] ;/sf/n] /]n, kfgLhxfh / sfof{no pbok'/df btf{sf nflu sf7df8f}dF f ;DkGg ePsf] 5 . a}7sn] cfGbf]ngnfO{ /f]Sg g;Sg] lj1lKtdf
Tolt dfq xf]Og, b'O{ ltxfO{sf] xfpu'hL clxn] bf]>f] k6s ;'bz{g;lxt /s]6sf ;kgf afF8\b} 5 . t}klg s]xL cfZjfg ul/Psf] 5 . btf{ ug{ x'g u/]sf lg0f{o hfgsf/Lsf nflu of] k|;] hgfPsf 5g\ . lu/ˆtf/ ;+u7gsf s]Gb|Lo
b]vfpFb} ;+ljwfg, lgod, sfg"g ;a} ;of}+ g]tf sfo{stf{x?sf] lu/km\tf/L dfG5] tfnL lk6\b} 5g\ . g]tf, dGqL tf]lsPsf] ldltleq gcfpg] ;+3;+:yf lj1lKt hf/L ul/Psf] 5 . cWoIf 9sfnnfO{ ljgf;t{ tTsfn l/xf
cfkm\gf] cg's'n agfpFb} JofVof ug]{ / em'6f d'2f k|lqmof rnfPs} 5 . / k|wfgdGqLafx]s c? s;}sf] ;'/Iff / Joj;foLsf] ;Dk"0f{ sfdsf/jfxL != g]kfn ;/sf/ dGqL kl/ifb\af6 ug{ dfu ub}{ lj1KtLdf elgPsf] 5,
sfd ug]5 { g\ . /fhtGqsfnsf /fhfn] t/, km]l/ klg ljKnjsf] kf6L{ ;+oldt 5}g . lgd{nf xTofsf08 ;]nfO{ ;Sof] . /f]Ssf ul/g]5 . kfl/t eO{ ;+;bdf a}zfv @^ ut] …cf]nL ;/sf/sf] k|ltaGw / lu/ˆtf/Lsf]
k|of]u ug]{ efiff z}nL, xfpefp / 9+ u n] cufl8 al9/x] s f] 5 / To:tf w]/} xTof, anfTsf/ / rf]/L tkl;n btf{ ePsf] ldl8of sfplG;n;DjGwL b]ze} l/ k|lt/f]w ug{ klg cfd o'jf
/jfkmnfO{ /fi6«klt ljBfb]jL e08f/Ln] hgk| l t/f] w sf] /0fgLlt ljsf; sf08x? eP t/ sf]xL klg sf/jfxLdf != lhNnfdf sfo{/t ;Dk"0f{ ljw]ossf k|fjwfgk|lt dxf;+3sf] ljBfyL{x¿nfO{ cfXjfg ub{5 .Ú cWoIf
klg gSsn ug'{nfO{ w]/}n] clgi6sf] ul//x]s } 5 . cf]n L / k|r08sf] k/]sf] 5}g . Pglhcf] , cfOPglhcf] x ?, -@_ uDeL/ Wofgfsif{0f ePsf] 5 . dxf;+3, 9sfnnfO{ z'qmjf/ lzIff If]qdf b]lvPsf
;+st] sf ?kdf lj/f]w / eT;{gf u/]sf kmf;LjfbnfO{ cfdhgtfn] b]Vg] u/L &= lgisif{ lhNnfdf ;~rflnt ;Dk"0f{ lghL k|;
] sfplG;n;lxt ;/f]sf/ kIf;Fusf] tdfd las[lt la;+ultx¿sf la?4 lzIff
5g\ . 8]9 ca{sf] x]lnsK6/ / !* gª\Uofpg] /0fgLltdf 5 . ;/sf/n] cfh k'/} gful/s ;d"x, snfsf/, ljBfnox?, -#_ lhNnfdf /x]sf / 5nkmn / ;xdltljgf ;+;bdf btf{ dGqfnodf k]z ug]{ dfu kq / %% cf}
s/f]8sf uf8L lsg] ;Fu} ljjfbdf ljKnj g]t[Tjsf] g]kfn sDo'lgi6 ;'/Iff lgsfo, k|fWofks, pBf]uL, xfn sfd ul//x]sf lgdf{0f Joj;foL ul/Psf] pQm ljw]ossf k|fjwfgx?n] ljBfyL{ lbjzsf af/]df hfgsf/L u/fpg
cfPsL /fi6« k lt k6s–k6s kf6L{ d f cf:yfjfg xhf/f} + g] t f Joj;foLx?n] s]lk cf]nLsf] ;QfnfO{ / ;Knfo;{, -$_ oftfoft Joj;foLx?, ldl8of sfplG;nnfO{ ;/sf/ lgolGqt !! ljBfyL{ ;+u7gn] cfof]hgf u/]sf] ;+oQ' m
abgfldt ePsL l5g\  . Tof]eGbf sfo{stf{x? / nfvf}+ z'elrGtsx?sf lj36g ug]{ zlQmsf] vf]hL u/L /x]sf -%_ hl8a'6L, jghGokbf{; DaGwL c+usf ?kdf :yflkt ug{'sf ;fy} kqsf/ ;Dd]ngaf6 k|x/Ln] lu/ˆtf/
cufl8 lgjf;sf nflu k| x /L df}lns xs / dfgjclwsf/nfO{ xgg l5g\ . ca k'/fg} g]tfx?sf] km]/abn Joj;foLx? / -^_ lghL c:ktfnx? :jtGq kqsfl/tfdfly c+sz ' nufpg] u/]sf] lyof] .
k|lti7fg;d]t ;fg]{ lg0f{osf] ;j{q ug]{ cfTd3ftL lg0f{o u¥of] . Tolt jf k'g/fj[lQaf6 b]zn] lgsf; kfpg /x]sf 5g\ .Æ dxf;+3sf] 7x/ 5 . dxf;+3 pQm @$ 306fleq=====
cfnf]rgf / lj/f]w ePsf] lyof] . Pp6f dfq xf]Og em'6f OGsfpG6/ jf bf]xf]/f] g;Sg] cfdlgisif{ aGb} 5 . ca kqsf/===== ljw]os tTsfn lkmtf{ lnO{ ;/f]sf/ jQmfx?n] lghL If]qsf ljBfnox?n]
kmf]6f] ;fj{hlgs ePsf] 5, h;df kmfol/Ësf em'6f ;dfrf/sf] ;+k|]if0f b] z nfO{ hf] u fpgsf nflu klg s7f]/ /x]sf] eGb} kqsf/ dxf;+3n] kIf;d]tsf] 5nkmn / ;xdltdf lagfsf/0f / cfwf/ rsf]{ j[l4 t'?Gt
k"j{/fgL sf]dnn] cfkm\gf] Aofu cfkm}+ u/] / jftfj/0fnfO{ e8\ s fpg] ljKnjsf] vfFrf] 5 eGg] lgisif{lt/ lj/f]w hgfPsf] xf] . >dhLlj kqsf/ g]kfnsf] ;+ljwfgsf] d"n efjgf, k|]; vf/]h ug{ / ljb]zL ljZjljBfnoaf6
af]ss] f] clg /fi6«klt e08f/Lsf] Aofu if8\oGqdf lgn{Hh 9+un] cf]ln{of] cf]nL b]z hfFb} u/]sf] cfefif x'G5 . ;+;bLo P]g / k|; ] sfplG;n P]g vf/]h ug]{ tyf cleJolQm :jtGqtf;DjGwL ;DaGwg lnO{ b]zleq dgk/L ?kdf
;'/IffsdL{n] af]sL lbPsf] . o;/L ;/sf/ . kf6L{ leq klg cf]nLsf] Joj:yfaf6 ca hgtfn] s]xL klg u/L btf{ ul/Psf] ljw]osdf clxn] cGt/f{li6«o d"No, dfGotfsf cfwf/df rnfO/x]sf sn]hx?dfly ;+u7gx?sf]
lxhf]sf] a8fdxf/fgLx?nfO{ klg dfy lg/+s'ztfn] ;Ldf gf3]s} 5 . s]lk / k| f Kt ug{ ;Sg] cj:yf 5} g g\   . /x]sf] k|;
] sfplG;nnfO{ yk k|efjsf/L k'gM ljw]os d:of}bf ug{ ;/sf/;Fu ;xeflutfdf 5fglag ug{ dfu kqsf/
ug] { /fi6« k ltnfO{ s] hgtfn] lks] u7aGwgn] ;Qf?9 kf6L{ sf ;du| d f eGbf cf] n Lsf] zf;g agfpg] eGb} lgoGq0fsf/L k|jfwfgx? hf]8bf/ dfu ub{5 . ;Dd]ngdf ljtl/t !$ a'bF ] dfukqdf
kl/sNkgf u/]sf lyP t < OdfGbf/ g]tf sfo{stf{nfO{ alnsf] kmf;Ljfbdf ktg ePsf] 5 . /flvPsf] 5 . ljw]osdf :j:y / @= ;+;bdf ljrf/flwg cj:yfdf pNn]v 5g\ . k|To]s :yfgLo txdf
#= e|i 6rf/sf] af9L af]sf] agfO/x]sf] 5 . af]Ng, lj/f]w e| i6frf/df r' n ' { D d} 8' a] s f] 5 . dof{lbt kqsfl/tfsf] ljsf;sf nflu /x]sf lj1fkg;DjGwL P]g / ;"rgf PsPs j6f Jofj;flos / k|fljlws
s]lk zf;gdf e|i6frf/sf] af9L ug{ / ljrf/ /fVg lgif]w ul/Psf] hlt;Sbf] l56f] lg/+s'z cf]nL /fhsf] :jtGq lgodgsf/L e"ldsf lgjf{x ug{ k|ljlw;DjGwL P]gdf k|]; :jtGqtf lzIffno vf]Ng / ;L6LeL6LO{af6
g} cfPsf] 5 . kl5Nnf] ;do 5 . ptf ;8s / ;+;bdf To:t} 5 . cGTo cfhsf] cfjZostf ag]sf] 5 . g]kfn ldl8of sfplG;n :yfkgf ug]{ lj/f]wL bkmf ;Rrfpg dfu ub{5 . ;+rflnt l8Knf]df txsf sf]if{ lgMz'Ns
afn'jf6f/, nlntf lgjf;sf] hUuf ;8sdf lg:sof] ls k|x/Lsf] bdg, cf]nL ;/sf/ eGgf;fy bfxfn cf]nL pNn]v 5 . cGt/f{li6«o?kdf ldl8ofn] ;fy} d:of}bf x'Fb} u/]sf cfd ;+rf/ ug{ dfu ul/Psf] 5 . ;fy} ko{6g
JolQmsf] gfddf gfd;f/L ug]{ k|lqmofdf nf7Lrfh{, xjfO{ kmfo/, c>'Uof;sf] u7aGwg eg]/ a'‰g'kb{5 . cf]nL :jlgod ug]{ cEof; al9/x]sf a]nf P]g / ;fj{hlgs ;]jf k|;f/0f P]gsf ljZjljBfnosf] :yfkgf ug{ /
kf6L{ dxf;lrj lji0f' kf} 8 ]n g} l;sf/ aGg'kg]{ cj:yf 5 . ;a}lt/ zf;g k" 0 f{ ? kn] lg/ª\ s ' z , ;/sf/n] ldl8ofnfO{ cfˆgf] k8sdf ;DjGwdf ;a} ;/f]sf/jfnf kIf;Fu ljlZjBfnox?df bnLo efua08fdf x'g]
d'l5Psf 5g\ . t/, k|wfgdGqL cf]nLn] p lg/+s'z x'Fb} 5 / kmf;Ljfb nfu' clwgfosjfbL / kmf;LjfbL aGb}5 /fVg] u/L sfplG;nsf] cjwf/0ff 5nkmn / ;xdlt sfod ug{ cfu|x k|fWofksx?sf] lgo'lQm cGTo u/L :j:y
lji0f' kf} 8 ] n lgbf] { if /x] s f] eGb} ub}{5 . tyf gj;fdGtju{df ktg x'Fb}5 . of] Nofpg' ;+ljwfgljk/Lt ePsf] kqsf/ ub{ 5  . oL sfg" g df k| ] ; tyf k|lt:kwf{af6 lgo'lQm ug{;d]t P3f/
;fj{hlgs arfp u/]sf 5g\ . pgsf] % = / f l i6 « o t f df ly sf ] gf Ë f ] ;/sf/n] /fi6«sf] 9's6' Ldf n'6kf6 ug]{ dxf;+3sf dxf;lrj /d]z lji6 cleJolQm :jtGqtfsf] lgjf{w k|of]u, ljBfyL{ ;+u7gn] dfu u/]sf 5g\ .
cufl8 c/af} + s f e| i 6rf/sf cf qmd0f afx]s c? s]xL ug{ ;s]sf] 5}g . atfpF5g\ . ljw]osdf ;dfrf/d"ns ;+/If0f / ;+j4{gsf nflu dxf;+3 kqsf/ ;Dd]ngdf g]kfn ljBfyL{
sf08x?sf] af9L g} cfPsf] 5 . cf]nL] ;/sf/ ef/tLo k|wfgdGqL cfk"mnfO{ /fhf, dxf/fhf / /fgL, ;fdu|L k|sfzg jf k|;f/0f u/]/ s;}sf] ;/sf/ / ;Dj4 ;a} kIfsf] uDeL/ ;+3sf Clifs]zh+u zfx, g]skf -
l/:jfO8j8L sf08df ^ c/a e|i6rf/ g/]Gb| df]bLnfO{ k6s–k6s g]kfn e|d0f dxf/fgLsf] ?kdf k| : t' t ug' { n ] dof{bf jf k|lti7fdf cfFr k'¥ofPsf] Wofgfsif{0f u/fpFb5 . qmflGtsf/L dfcf]jfbL_lgs6 clvn -
ePsf]] tYo ;+;bsf] ;fj{hlgs n]vf u/fpg ;kmn ePsf]df uj{ ul//x]sf] pgLx?sf] b] z / hgtfk| l tsf] b]lvPdf hl/jfgf e/fO sfplG;nn] #= s]Gb|Lo ;ldltsf] a}7s cl3 qmflGtsf/L_sf cWoIf xl/s[i0f uh'/n ] ,
;ldltn] g} aflx/ Nofof] t/ cf]nL 5 . of] tYo sfkmL 5 ls pgsf] b[li6sf]0f k|i6 ePsf] 5 . b]z / Ifltk"lt{ e/fOlbg;Sg] Joj:yf;d]t kqsf/ dxf;+3sf] cfof]hgfdf ;+rf/ uf]kfn ls/fFtL g]t[Tjsf] g]skf -
k|wfgdGqLn] To;sf] klg arfp u/] . /fi6«3ftL sbd / dgf]j[lQnfO{ k'li6 hgtfk|lt pQ/bfoL g]tfx?n] o:tf] /flvPsf] 5 . o:tf] Joj:yfn] b]zsf ;Dj4 ljleGg ;+3, ;+u7g / ;+:yfsf dfcf]jfbL s]Gb|_sf cWoIf cfnf]s
Pg;]n s/ c;'nL k|s/0fdf &@ ug{sf nflu . pgn] g]kfnnfO{ ef/t ;+ : sf/ :jLsf/ ug{ ;Sb} g g\   . ldl8of w/fz oL aGg] / cleJolQm cWoIf tyf k|ltlglwx?;Fu ;+o'Qm /fodfemL, cg]/f:jljo" -kfFrf}+_ sf
c/asf] s'/f 5, To;nfO{ cbfntsf / klZrdfx?sf] :qmL8f:yn agfpg] To;sf/0f of] ;/sf/nfO{ l56f]eGbf :jtGqtf g} s'l07t x'g] lji6sf] lhls/ a}7s a:of] . pQm a}7sdf k|fKt cWoIf 3gZofd ld>, gofF zlQm
GofofwLz g} k|of]u u/]/ l9;ld; kfg]{ sfd u/] . ef/tsf] v'Nnf x:tIf]knfO{ l56f] lj:yflkt u/]s f] x]g { cfd 5 . ;/sf/n] ;/f] s f/jfnf ;'emfj ;d]tsf cfwf/df ldl8of ljBfyL{ o'lgogsf cWoIf Zofdafa'
v]n x'bF } 5 . Pg;]n d'2fdf cbfntsf k|>o lbg] sfd u/] . xf]nL jfOg hgdt nfnfoLt b]lvG5 . lgsfox?;Fu ;fdfGo 5nkmn;d]t sfplG;n ljw]ossf] k|]; :jtGqtf uf}td, clvn g]kfn ljBfyL{ o'lgogsf
km/s–km/s cfb] z n] ;a} n fO{ ;Dd]n g, nufgL ;Dd]ng pgsf ;+3;+: yf===== gu/L NofPsf] of] ljw]oslj?4 g]kfn lj/f]wL k|fjwfgsf lj?4 dxf;+3n] k|d'v k|lj0f ld>, /fli6«o ljBfyL{
cfZro{df kf/]sf] 5 . GofofwLz lkR5] c;kmn / cfnf]lrt ljifo x'g\ . Ps lj1lKt hf/Lub}{ tf]lsPsf] ;do kqsf/ dxf;+3n] b]zJofkL cfGbf]ngsf] lgDgfcg';f/ lj/f]wsf sfo{qmd to ;+3sf dxf;lrj /lGht lgikIf,
/ a] G rljR5] km/s–km/s cfb] z o'/f]lkog o'lgog, cd]l/sf / ef/t leq btf{ ug{ gcfpg] ;+3/;+:yf / cfXjfg u/]sf] 5 . u/]sf] 5 . ;dfhjfbL ljBfyL{ kmf]/d g]kfnsf
cfpg] xf] eg] To;n] cbfntsf] ;a}nfO{ v';L kfg]{ cfTd;dk{0fjfbL Joj;foLx?sf] ;Dk"0f{ sfdsf/afxL o;}aLr, g]kfn kqsf/ dxf;+3n] ;+ 3 if{ s f sfo{ q mdx? cWoIf ljj]s /fO{, /fi6«jfbL ljBfyL{
ljZjf; u'D5 . d]nDrL, kmf]/hL, ;'g /0fgLltn] /fli6« o tfdfly uDeL/ /f]Ssf ug]{ r]tfjgL ;d]t lbPsf] 5 . z'qmaf/ ;/f]sf/jfnfx?;Fu u/]sf] a}zfv @( ut]– dxf;+3sf k"j{ ;+3sf cg'k nfld5fg], g]kfn cflbjf;L
sf08, lrgL sf08, c?0f #, cf3ft k'u]sf] 5 . kl5Nnf] ;do o; ljifodf g]kfn sDo'lg:6 kf6L{ 5nkmndf k|:tfljt ljw]os h:tfsf] kbflwsf/L, ;+rf/dfWodsf ;Dkfbs, hghflt ljBfyL{ dxf;+3sf cWoIf
a'9Lu08sL, dflyNnf] s0ff{nL, x'nfsL ef/tsf] OR5fdf gful/stf ljw]os pbok'/sf] hgkl/ifb g]kfnn] hf/L t:t} kfl/t eP sfplG;n x'nfs sfg"gljb / lj1x?;Fu 5nkmn . b'hfª z]kf{n] x:tfIf/ u/]sf dfukq
dfu{, rGb|flu/L, tfdfsf]zL h:tf NofOof]   . h;df c+ uLs[ tnfO{ / u/]sf] k|]; lj1flKt o; k|sf/sf] 5– ljefuh:t} aGg] l6Kk0fL u/]   . a} z fv #) ut] – ;+ ; bsf ljt/0f ul/Psf] lyof] .
bh{ g f} sf08x? h' g c/af} + s f pgLx?sf 5f]/f5f]/Lx?nfO{ j+zhsf] æxfd|f] g]kfn jt{dfg c:yfdf slyt kqsf/x?sf] ;femf d'2f ePsfn] ;Qf ;DdfggLo ;efd'v, /fli6«o ;efsf To:t} lalxaf/ /fhwfgLdf a;]sf]
e|i6frf/;Fu hf]l8Psf 5g\ . t/, gful/stf lbg] k|fjwfgn] g]kfndf sDo'lg:6gfd u/]sf bnfnx?af6 / ljkIfL gegLsg ljw]os lkmtf{sf ;DdfggLo cWoIfnfO{ 1fkgkq P3f/ ljBfyL{ ;+u7gsf] ;+oQ' m a}7sn]
cf]nL ;/sf/ t} r'k d}+ r'k 5 . ljb] z Lx?sf] afx' N otf agfpg] ;~rflnt 5 . hgtf / /fi6« sf nflu ;fd"lxs ;+3if{df hfg] k|lta4tf a'emfOg] . lzIff dGqfno;Fu ePsf] ;xdlt
cf] n L zf;g t e| i 6, bnfn, of]hgfnfO{ ;fy ldN5 . xfdLnfO{ yfxf ;d:ofx?nfO{ ;Qf;Dd k'Ug] e¥ofª ;xefuL ;+3;+:yfsf k|ltlglwx?n] a} z fv #! ut] – ;+ ; bsf kfngf u/fpg s] G b| ;/sf/b] lv
sldzgvf]/, t:s/, sfnf]ahf/Lof / 5, xfd|f] h:tf] ;fgf] / sdhf]/ b]zsf k|of]u ub}{ ;Qfdf k'lu;s]kl5 hgtf hgfPsf 5g\ . z'qmaf/ cWoIf uf]ljGb ;DjlGwt ;ldltsf ;efklt / :yfgLo txnfO{ clN6d] 6d;lxt
dflkmofx?sf] /fh h:t} ePsf] 5 . nflu gful/stf ;+j]bgzLn ljifo / /fi6«dfly g} pkb|f] dRrfpg] k|jl[ Qn] cfrfo{ s f] cWoIftfdf a;] s f] ;b:ox?;Fu 5nkmn . 1fkgkq a'emfpg], /fli6«o cflj:sf/
x'g klg xf], ljKnj g]t[Tjsf] g]skfn] x'G5 . ljb]zLx?nfO{ gful/stfsf] cfh;Dd cfpFbf /fi6«3ft, hg3ft, dxf;+3sf] cfsl:ds a}7sn] pQm h]7 ! ut]– sfo{If]qdf sfnf]k§L s] Gb| vf]Ng bafa lbg] , Pg;] n ,
s] P] g ;] n dfly sf/afxL u¥of] , af6f] vf]nLlbof}+ eg] To;n] xfd|f] sldzg, e|i6frf/ / dxFuLn] cfsfz ljw] os lkmtf{ lnO{ ;/f] sf/jfnf nufP/ sfd ug]{ . dxf;+3 s]Gb|Lo jfO8a8L, ;'gsf08, afn'jf6f/ hUuf
kf6L{nfO{ g} k|ltalGwt u/LlbP . ca cl:tTjnfO{ ;+ s 6df kfl/lbG5 . 5f]Psf] 5 . hgtfdf lg/fzfsf] kxf8 kIf;F usf] 5nkmn / ;xdltdf sfof{no, k|b]z sfof{no / zfvf lst],{ kmf]/hL sf08nufot ljifodf
hgtfn] e|i6x?nfO{ :jt:km'{t ?kdf xfdLn] g]kfnsf] gful/stfnfO{ ;:tf] v8f ePsf] 5 . /fli6«otf Oltxf;s} ;+ljwfgsf] efjgf / k|]; :jtGqtfsf] sfof{nodf ;/f]sf/ kIfaLr a[xb ;+nUgx?dfly sf/jfxL ug{ ;/sf/;Fu
sfaf{xL u5{g\ . To;af6 k|wfgdGqL ?kdf afF8\g yfNof}+ eg] xfdL g]kfnL ;a}eGbf c;'/lIft 5 . hgtfsf cGt/f{li6«o d"No, dfGotfsf cfwf/df 5nkmn sfo{qmd cfof]hgf ug]{ . dfu ug]{ lg0f{o ul/Psf] hgfOPsf] 5 .
cf]nL ltld{/fpg] 5g\ . b'O{rf/hgf cNkdtdf kg] { 5f} +   . ctM cfjZostf / /fi6«k|lt lhDd]jf/ / ljw]os k'g d:of}bf ug{ dfu u/]sf] h]7 # ut]– sf7df8f}Fdf ;+;b
e|i6x?nfO{ t pgn] sfvL RofKg gful/stfsf] d'2fdf ;/sf/n] k6s– hjfkmb]xL x'g'sf] ;§f …hf] rf]/ p;}sf] 5 . s] Gb| Lo ;ldltsf] a}7 scl3 jflx/ / lhNnfx?df ;b/d'sfddf qmflGtsf/Ldfly =====
;Snfg t/ ca ;of}+ e|i6rf/Lx?n] k6s /fi6«3ft ug]{ sfd u/]sf] 5 . ;~rf/;Da4 ljleGg ;+3, ;+u7g / ;+rf/ ;fwg;lxt a[xt k|bz{g ug] { .æ agfPsf] atfP . ;/sf/sf] bdg /
7"nf] Zj/Ú eg]em}F pN6f] hgtfsf] kf6L{, lu/ˆtf/Laf6 sf]lx klg larlnt gx'g
pgnfO{ g} 5f]Kg]jfnf 5g\ . lgd{nfsf] cfk" m ;Qfdf l6Sgsf nflu
ljb]zLx?nfO{ gful/stf af8\g] sfd
cfzf / e/f];fsf] s]Gb| g]kfn sDo'lg:6 ;+:yfsf k|ltlglwsf] a}7ssf ;'emfjsf
cfwf/df dxf;+3n] Ps xKt] lj/f]w
h]7 ===== cfu|x ub}{ pgn] eg], …;/sf/sf] o:tf]
xTof/fnfO{ t cf]nLn] arfpnfg t/ kf6L{dfly k|ltaGw nufPsf] b]Vbf cfof]hgf u/]sf] kqsf/ ;Dd]ngaf6}
ca ;of}+ xTof/fx?n] pgnfO{ lgNg] u/]/ of] ;/sf/n] csf]{ h3Go ck/fw sfo{qmd 3f]if0ff u/]sf] xf] . cWoIf 9sfnnfO{ k|x/Ln] lu/ˆtf/ xs{taf6 sf]lx cflQg' x'bF g}  . g]kfnsf]
…cfrL ug]{nfO{eGbf b]Vg]nfO{ nfhÚ ljBfyL{ cfGbf]ngnfO{ ;w}e/L g]kfn /fi6«
5g\   . zfob e|i6rf/, ljs[ lt / u/]sf] 5 . Tolt dfq xf]Og s;nfO{ eg]em}F x'g k'u]sf] 5 . @)&% kmfu'g h;df j}zfv @( ut] dxf;+3sf u/]kl5 clvn -qmflGtsf/L_n] To;sf]
lj;+ ultx?sf] rfªn] ubf{ cf]n L s'g dGqL agfpg], s;nfO{ d'Vo k"j {kbflwsf/L, ;~rf/ dfWodsf la/f]w df z} lIfs x8\ tfn;lxtsf / g]kfnL hgtfsf] kIfdf pEofpg'k5{ .Æ
@* sf] k|ltaGwkl5 xfd|f] kf6L{sf cWoIf 9sfnn] cufl8 eg], …xfdL
zf;gsf] ktg x'g]5 . zfob hgtfn] ;lrj, ;lrj, cfOlhlk, /fhb't g]tf, sfo{stf{, ;dy{s / z'elrGts ;Dkfbs, sfg"gljb / lj1;Fu 5nkmn r/0fa4 ;+3if{sf sfo{qmd 3f]if0ff
lg/+sz ' / e|i6 cf]nL ;QfnfO{ ckb:t agfpg] eGg] s'/fdf klg j}b]lzs ug],{ #) ut] ;efd'v, /fli6«o;efsf u/]sf] xf] . h;cg';f/ j}zfv @( ljBfyL{sf nflu dg{ tof/ eP/ lx8]sf
dflysf] bdg / w/ks8 tLj| x'Fb} dfG5], tkfO{x¿n] ;dft]/ s] ug{x' G' 5 <
ug]{ 5g\ . x:tIf]ksf cfwf/df x'g] u/]sf 5g\, hfFbf hgk|lt/f]w klg Jofks aGb} cWoIfnfO{ 1fkgkq a'emfpg] / j}zfv ut] b]zJofkL sf]0f;ef, h]7 ! ut]
$ = k mf ;L jf bL , lg / + s ' z / h'g Psbd} czf]egLo / lgGbgLo #! ut] ;+;bLo ;ldltsf ;efklt / b]z JofkL lj/f] w k| bz{ g , $ ut] hlt aif{ y'Gg ;Sg'xG' 5 y'Gg'xf]; \ .Ú pgn]
uPsf] 5 . g]skfdflysf] k|ltaGw u0ftGq Nofpg alnbfg ug] {
clwgfosjfbL dgf] l j1fg 5g\ . Tolt dfq xf]Og, ;Ldf ldlrPsf] ;Dk"0f{ >lds / pTkLl8t g]kfnL ;b:o;Fu 5nkmn ug]{ sfo{qmd 3f]if0ff b]zJofkL d;fn h'n';, / h]7 % ut]
cf]nLsf] zf;g k"0f{?kn] kmfF;LjfbL 5, To;sf] af/]df ;/sf/ df}g 5 . u/]sf] 5 . To:t} h]7 ! ut] sfnf]k§L cfd z}lIfs x8\tfn /x]sf 5g\ . qmflGtsfx¿dfly xTsl8, h]n g]n, ug]{
hgtfdflysf] k|ltaGw xf] eGg] s'/fdf b':;fx; of] ;/sf/n] u5{ eg] To;sf]
aGb}5 . ;Qf?9 sDo'lgi6 kf6L{ leq g]kfnsf ;+jb] gzLn If]qdf / ;LdfjtL{ g]kfnL hgtf :ki6 5 . o;y{, clxn] afFw]/ sfd ug],{ dxf;+3sf] s]Gb|Lo ;+u7gsf pkfWoIf ?b| e§/fO{n]
lj:tf/} kmf;LjfbL dgf] lj1fgsf] If]qdf ljb]zL ;]gfx? /xg] u/]sf] sfof{no, k|b]z sfof{no / zfvf lj1lKt hf/L u/L ;fdfhLs bnfn km};nf Oltxf;n] ug]{ r]tfjgL lbP .
g]kfndf hgtfsf] ;Qf / bnfn cWoIf 9sfnn] eg], …clxn]sf] s]kL cf]nL
ljsf; x'Fb} uO/x]sf] 5 . kmf;LjfbL tYon] xfd|f] /fli6«otfnfO{ ;+s6df hglj/f] w L ;QfaLr r/d\ ;+ 3if{ sfof{ n odf ;/f]s f/jfnf kIf;F u kmfF;LjfbL jt{dfg ;/sf/n] cWoIf
sbdsf] pTsif{ xf] ljKnj g]t[Tjsf] kf/]sf] 5 . TotL dfq xf]Og ljleGg 5nkmn ug]{ / h]7 # ut] sf7df8f}Fdf 9sfnnfO{ u} / GofoLs 9+ u af6 ;/sf/ hf] lxhf] 1fg]Gb|sf] kfpFdf df]x/
rln/x]sf] 5 eg] hgtfsf] ;Qfsf] /fv]/ em'Sb} lyof] Tolta]nf xfdL
g] k fn sDo' l gi6 kf6L{ d flysf] cfyL{s ;xof]u jf nufgLsf] gfddf ljho cjZoDefjL 5 . of] ;+3if{df ;+;baflx/ / lhNnf ;b/d'sfddf lu/ˆtf/sf] eGb} eT;{gf u/]sf 5g\ .
k|ltaGw . k|ltaGw t pgn] kz'klt xfd|f] /fli6«otfdfly lg/Gt/ x:tIf]k ;~rf/ ;fwg;lxt k|bz{g ug]{ sfo{qmd zflGtk"0f{ ¿kdf e]nf, ;Dd]ng x'g dfcf]jfbLx¿ xf},+ h;n] of] b]zdf u0ftGq
bnfn hglj/f]wL k'FhLjfbL /fHo;Qf cfpg'k5{ eg]/ o'4 ul//x]sf] lyof] .
zdf{sf] …n'6g\ ;s] n'6 sfG5f’ afn]sf] x'g] u/]sf] 5 . -s'v'/f / s'v'/fsf] c08fdf ;d]t to ePsf] dxf;lrj /d]z lji6n] kfpg], ljrf/ /fVg kfpg] clwsf/nfO{
uLtnfO{ klg nufPsf lyP . t/, ^= s/, dx+uL / c;'/Iff lj1lKtdfkm{t hgfPsf 5g\ . dxf;+3n] ;d]t aGb]h nufPsf] eGb} la1lKtdf cufl8 yk], cfh Tolx u0ftGqsf]
s/ nufP/ gk'u]sf] kl5Nnf] ;do ck'tfnL vfP/ u0ftGqsf kIfdf
k|ltaGwaf6 g t ljKnj g]t[Tjsf] hgtfn] ;/sf/af6 s] kfP t < afn' j f6f/ a] r Lvfg] , ;fIf/tf ;+;bdf ljrf/fwLg lj1fkg;DaGwL P]g elgPsf] 5, …;fdflhs bnfn kmfF;LjfbL
sDo'lgi6 kf6L{ sdhf]/ eof] g t pQ/ :ki6 5, ;/sf/n] / ;"rgf k|ljlw;DaGwL P]gdf k|;] lj/f]wL ;/sf/n] cfˆgf] n'6sf] :ju{nfO{ l6sfpg alnbfg u/]/ cfPsf qmflGtsf/Ldfly
cleofgdf / dlxnfsf] ;]lg6/L xTsl8, h]n, g]n ug]{ b':;fx; s]kL
To;n] ;/sf/nfO{ eo/lxt g} agfof] . cfdhgtfnfO{ hyfefjL s/ nufP/ Kof8df ;d]t e|i6frf/ ug]_{ nfO{ /f:t bkmf ;Rofpg dfu u/]sf] 5 . To:t} hgtf Pj+ ljBfyL{x¿n] p7fPsf
cf]nLn] ljKnjsf] zlQmnfO{ k6s– 9f8 ;]s]sf] 5 . s/, 7"nfnfO{ r}g d:of}bfs} qmddf /x]sf] cfd;~rf/ P]g hgklIfo dfux¿nfO{ aGb's / h]ng]nn] cf]nL ;/sf/n] u5{g\ eg] To;sf] km};nf
u/L j}1flgs ;dfhjfbL /fHo ;Qf O{ ltxf;n] ug] { 5  .Ú pgsf] pQm
k6s cfqmd0f u/]/ p;nfO{ pQ]lht ;fgfnfO{ P]g ag]sf] 5 . dx+uLn] Nofpg] Gofok"0f{ ;+3if{sf] ofqfdf / ;fj{hlgs ;]jf k|zf/0f P]gsf /f]Sg] b':k|of; ul//x]sf] 5 .Ú
agfpg] / b]zdf u[xo'4 dRrfpg] cfsfz 5f] P sf] 5 . ahf/ k" / } ;DaGwdf ;/f]sf/jfnf;Fu 5nkmn / hgtfsf] Gofosf] cfjfhnfO{ clxn] ;Daf]wgkl5 sfo{qmd:ynaf6} 9sfnnfO{
;xof]u ug{ hgkl/ifb\ g]kfn, pbok'/ k|x/Ln] lu/ˆtf/ u/]sf] lyof] .
if8\ o Gq u/]   . klxnf] r/0fdf bnfnx?sf] sfnf] a hf/Lof / ;xdlt ug{ dfu u/]sf] 5 . g]kfn
If]Kof:q k|sfzg s]Gb|åf/f k|sflzt, ;Dkfbs M /fh]Gb|k|;fb lrdf}l/of, sfof{no M yfkfufpF, sf7df8f}F, df]afOn M (*$!$)#*%!,
E-mail : chhepyastra@gmail.com,website: www.janakhabar.com d'bs
| M lwDn] ckm;]6 k|;
] , b]jLgu/, kmf]gM %!&@^%%