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Q1. A car is travelling at 20m/s. It accelerates steadily for 5s, after which time it is travelling at 30 m/s.

What is the acceleration? [3]

Q2. A car is travelling at 20m/s. It accelerates uniformly at 3m/s2 for 5 s.

a. Draw a velocity-time graph for the car during the period that it is accelerating. Include numerical
detail on the axes of your graph. [2]

b. Calculate the distance the car travels while it is accelerating. [2]

Q3. Explain the difference between the following terms:

a. Average speed and Instantaneous speed. [3]

b. Speed and velocity. [3]

Q4. a. Why is it vital that there is a friction force that opposes motion when two surfaces try to slide
across one another? [3]

b. Give two examples of things that it would be impossible to do without friction. [2]

Q5. a. What factors affect the braking distance of a vehicle? [1]

b. What factors affect the drag force that acts on a high-speed train? [2]
Q6. a. How does an elastic collision differ from partially elastic and inelastic collision? [3]

b. Give an example of:

i. An elastic collision. [1]

ii. An inelastic collision. [1]

Q7. Crumple zones in cars are designed to reduce the forces during a collision. Explain how they do this.

Q8. The table below shows the information about some of the planets in our solar system.

a. Name three planets that have a weaker gravitational pull on their surface than there is on earth. [2]

b. How long is a year in Saturn? [1]

c. If the distance from the earth to the sun is 150 million kilometers, calculate the distance of Saturn
from the sun. [2]

d. Assuming that the orbital path for Saturn is circular, calculate the orbital speed in km/s. (Hint:
Circumference = 2πr). [2]