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CP 83 : Part 1 : 2004
(ICS 01.100.30)
 
 

SINGAPORE STANDARD

Code of practice for construction


computer-aided design (CAD)
– Part 1 : Organisation and naming of CAD layers

      Published by 

     

 
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CP 83 : Part 1 : 2004
(ICS 01.100.30)

SINGAPORE STANDARD
Code of practice for construction computer-aided
design (CAD)
– Part 1 : Organisation and naming of CAD layers

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this Singapore Standard may be
reproduced or utilised in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including
photocopying and microfilming, without permission in writing from SPRING Singapore at the
address below:

Standards
SPRING Singapore
1 Fusionopolis Walk,
#01-02 South Tower, Solaris
Singapore 138628
Email : standards@spring.gov.sg 

ISBN 9971-67-986-8

 
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CP 83 : Part 1 : 2004

This Singapore Standard was approved by Information Technology Standards Committee on behalf
of the Standards Council of Singapore on 17 August 2004.

First published, 2001


First revision, 2004

The Information Technology (IT) Standards Committee appointed by the Standards Council consists
of the following members:

Name Capacity

Chairman : Mr Robert Chew Member, Standards Council


Executive
Secretary : Ms Ho Buaey Qui Infocomm Development Authority of Singapore
Secretary : Ms Kong Pei Wee Infocomm Development Authority of Singapore
Members : Assoc Prof Chi Chi-Hung National University of Singapore
Assoc Prof Clement Chia Nanyang Technological University
Ms Susan Chong SPRING Singapore
Dr Derek Kiong Institute of Systems Science
Mr Raymond Lee Infocomm Development Authority of Singapore
Mr Lim Chin Hu Singapore Infocomm Technology Federation
Mr Lim Sah Soon Singapore Chinese Chamber of Commerce and Industry
Mr Harish Pillay Singapore Computer Society
Mr Susanto Rahardja Institute for Infocomm Research
Mr Kenny Tan Information Technology Management Association
Mr Wilson Tan Individual Capacity
Co-opted
Member : Dr Diana Young Individual Capacity

The Technical Committee on Construction Industry IT Standards appointed by the Information


Technology (IT) Standards Committee and responsible for the preparation of this standard consists of
representatives from the following organisations:

Name Capacity

Chairman : Mr Edward D’Silva Singapore Institute of Architects


Deputy
Chairman : Mr Lee Chuan Seng Institute of Engineers, Singapore
Secretary : Ms Irene Tan Building and Construction Authority
Members : Mr Chee Kheng Chye Housing & Development Board
Assoc Prof David Chua Society of Project Managers
Assoc Prof Goh Bee Hua Singapore Institute of Building Limited
Mr Goh Ngan Hong Singapore Institute of Surveyors and Valuers
Mr Anselm Gonsalves National Environment Agency
Mr Desmond Hill Singapore Contractors Association Limited
Mr Joseph Lai Jurong Town Corporation
Mr Lam Chuen Fong Land Transport Authority
Mr William Lau Singapore Institute of Architects
Mr Simon Lee Singapore Contractors Association Limited

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CP 83 : Part 1 : 2004

Members : Mr Steven Neo Real Estate Developers Association of Singapore


Mr Ng Boon Hock Real Estate Developers Association of Singapore
Mr Seah Kwee Yong Singapore Institute of Surveyors and Valuers
Ms Rita Soh Singapore Institute of Architects
Mr Tay Leng Chua Defence Science and Technology Agency
Mr Tay Wee Bang Urban Redevelopment Authority
Mr Teo Kong Poon Institute of Engineers, Singapore
Mr Simon Wee Institute of Engineers, Singapore
Mr Eddie Wong Real Estate Developers Association of Singapore
Mr Wong Wai Ching Building and Construction Authority

The Design Work Group, appointed by the Technical Committee to assist in the preparation of this
standard, comprises the following experts who contribute in their individual capacity:

Name

Convenors : Mr William Lau


Mr Simon Wee
Members : Mr Asokan T K
Mr Cheong Hem Teck
Ms Shirley Foo
Mr Albert Lim
Mr Seto Wan Fye
Dr Tan Guan
Dr Tan Kee Wee
Mr Tay Wee Bang
Ms Serene Tham
Mr Yeo Eng Leng

The experts of the Design Work Group are nominated/recommended by the following organisations:

AL Consulting Engineers
Beca Carter Hollings & Ferner (SEA) Pte Ltd
Building and Construction Authority
CPG Corporation Pte Ltd
Defence Science and Technology Agency
Institute of Engineers, Singapore
Maunsell Consultants (S) Pte Ltd
RSP Architects Planners & Engineers Ltd
Singapore Institute of Architects
Surbana Consultants Pte Ltd
T Y Lin (SEA) Pte Ltd
Urban Redevelopment Authority

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CP 83 : Part 1 : 2004

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CP 83 : Part 1 : 2004

Contents
Page

Foreword 6

CLAUSES

1 Scope 7
2 Purpose 7
3 Definitions 7
4 Concepts, format and codes used in construction documentation 8
5 Examples 13

ANNEXES

A List of main elements in alphabetical order 15


B List of recommended sub-elements in alphabetical order 19

TABLES

1 Description of fields in a layer name 9


2 Codes for originator field 10
3 Examples of classification of element field 11
4 Codes for first character of presentation field 12
5 Codes for second character of presentation field 13
6 Codes for status field 13

FIGURES

1 Layer name format 9


2 Example of layer name structure 13

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CP 83 : Part 1 : 2004

Foreword

This Code of Practice was prepared by the Technical Committee on Construction Industry IT
Standards under the direction of the Information Technology (IT) Standards Committee.

This code was prepared with reference to the following publications:

1. ISO 13567: 1998 Technical product documentation – Organisation and naming of layers
for CAD, Part 1 : Overview and principles
2. ISO 13567: 1998 Technical product documentation – Organisation and naming of layers
for CAD, Part 2 : Concepts, format and codes used in construction
documentation

Acknowledgement is made for the use of information from the above references.

Current users of CP 83 include architects, professional engineers - C&S and M&E, as well as
contractors who participate in Electronic Submission. The Urban Redevelopment Authority (URA) and
the Building Construction Authority (BCA) have adopted the CAD layers for Electronic Development
Application (EDA) and Electronic Submission System (eSS) respectively.

CAD vendors have developed software tools that can implement and support CP 83. BCA has been
conducting hands-on training on CP 83 and the software application on various CAD platforms.

The revision of CP 83: Part 1 CAD layer names, is required in order to streamline industry practices
for building projects as well as infrastructure projects such as the Mass Rapid Transport extensions
which include architectural, civil and structural as well as mechanical and electrical works. The
revised list of main and sub elements gives the users flexibility to combine the main and sub-elements
based on their requirements.

The major changes are as follows:

Table 2 – Additional codes for originator field;


Table 4 – Additional codes for first character of presentation field;
Table 5 – Additional codes for second character of presentation field;
Figure 2 – Examples of layer name structure – Mandatory and optional fields;
Annex A – Revised list of main elements in alphabetical order;
Annex B – Revised list of recommended sub-elements in alphabetical order;
Annex C – Deletion of mapping of elements in CP 80.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this Singapore Standard may be the
subject of patent rights. SPRING Singapore shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all of
such patent rights.

NOTE

1. Singapore Standards are subject to periodic review to keep abreast of technological changes and new
technical developments. The changes in Singapore Standards are documented through the issue of either
amendments or revisions.

2. Compliance with a Singapore Standard does not exempt users from legal obligations.

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CP 83 : Part 1 : 2004

Code of practice for construction computer-aided design (CAD)


Part 1 – Organisation and naming of CAD layers

1 Scope
This Singapore Standard establishes the general principles of layer structure within construction
computer-aided design (CAD) files. It covers the organisation and allocation of layers that are used in
CAD files for construction projects, and is intended to be used for communication and management
purposes. A list of standard CAD layer element names is provided in this code.

The principles established in this code are applicable to all parties involved in preparing and using
technical documentation on CAD systems. Although these principles are primarily for users, CAD
system developers are expected to provide software tools capable of implementing and supporting
this code. An important use is also to structure data in component libraries produced by third parties.

2 Purpose
The purpose of this code is to establish uniformity in the organisation and naming of CAD layers for
the construction industry in Singapore.

3 Definitions
For the purposes of this code, the following definitions shall apply.

3.1 Layer

Organisational attribute of entities in CAD files, used to separate data in order to manage and
communicate those data, to control visibility on the computer screen and on plotted drawings.

NOTE – In CAD systems, synonyms for “layer” are used, for example “level.”

3.2 CAD model

Structured CAD data file(s) organised according to the physical parts of the objects represented, for
example, a building or a mechanical device.

NOTE – Models can be two-dimensional or three-dimensional, and can include graphical as well as non-
graphical data attached to the objects.

3.3 CAD drawing

Selected parts of a CAD model as presented on screen or on paper.

NOTE – Visibility on the drawing can be controlled by views and layers. The drawing can contain additional
graphics, such as borderlines, title-block and legends. CAD drawings can also be produced independently without
an underlying CAD model (a drawing-oriented approach as opposed to the model-oriented approach).

3.4 Plot

Graphic image created by a numerically controlled draughting machine and presented on draughting
media.

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3.5 Wildcard

A special character used to match any character or group of characters in a string comparison.

3.6 Layer name sub-classification

The following concepts are used in the layer name. An independent classification can be applied to
each concept.

3.6.1 Originator

The originator refers to the individual/company/organisation responsible for preparation and creation
of information on the CAD layer.

3.6.2 Element

An element is a classified construction work or system. It consists of two levels of classifications,


namely, main element and sub-element.

3.6.3 Main element

Main element is the first level of element classification. It represents the different types of main
construction works or systems.

3.6.4 Sub-element

Sub-element is the second level of element classification. It represents the various sub-systems
within the main element.

3.6.5 Presentation

Presentation is the format or type of information presented in CAD drawings. It is related primarily to
the graphic appearance on screen and paper, as against element information, which is related to
construction work or system.

3.6.6 Status

Status defines whether the element in addition-and-alteration works is new, for retention or demolition etc.

3.6.7 User-defined

User-defined is an additional information field, which the user may wish to use for further subdivision
of layers or provide a description not covered under this Singapore Standard.

4 Concepts, format and codes used in construction documentation

4.1 General

When CAD data is transferred between different systems and organisations, their structure needs to
be understood for identification of the source of the CAD data, selection to suit the needs of different
specialists and management of the data.

Layering is a commonly used technique to achieve such an organisation of CAD data. Layers are
given unique names so that they can be selectively viewed and plotted. CAD layers need to be
structured based on clear and logical organisation of information that fulfils the functional
requirements of the information users. The organisation of these information can be achieved
through the use of classifications of information in different parts of the layer name.

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The following concepts, categories, format and codes shall be used to allocate layers on construction
projects for the purposes of communication, management and submission to approving agencies.
Those involved in any project shall agree on the selection of the layers and codes to be used and how
the data will be transferred between their CAD systems.

All characters used in the layer names shall be both human- and machine-readable wherever
possible. A layer format with fixed number of characters is used to allow selection of layers by the
use of wildcard. Where reserved codes are given, they shall be used only for the purpose specified.
Other project-specific codes may also be used.

Layer names are divided into fields. Each field holds one concept. Fields are either mandatory or
optional. Mandatory fields shall always be included in the layer names. Optional fields can be used
as required in each project. The order of fields in a layer name and the number of characters for each
field shall be maintained as defined in this code unless an alternative is specifically agreed by the
project partners. However, the alternative adopted shall be documented in a way that future retrieval
of the layer-structured information can be ensured.

4.2 Format of layer name

A layer name consists of the following five fields as shown in Table 1.

Table 1 – Description of fields in a layer name

Name of field Description of field Number of


characters
Originator Individual/company/organisation responsible for 2
preparation and creation of information
Element Main Main element classification 4
Sub* Sub-element classification 4
Presentation* Forms of information presented, e.g. element, 2
dimension, or text
Status* Status of the construction work, e.g. alterations, to be 1
removed, or existing installations (optional)
User-defined* User-defined code for in-house applications (optional) -

The above five fields of a CAD layer name are to be arranged in the format as shown in Figure 1.

Originator Element Presentation* Status* User-defined*


Main Sub*
_ _ _ _

Figure 1 – Layer name format

(NOTE: * - Optional field)

4.3 Coding conventions

4.3.1 The first two fields, namely originator and element shall always be used.

4.3.2 The underscore character “_” is used between fields to enhance readability.

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4.3.3 For indication of no further subdivision of the information, hyphens shall be used to fill out to
the end of the field.

4.3.4 Alphanumeric characters allowed are the letters A - Z, the digits 0 - 9, in addition to the
hyphen and underscore characters.

4.3.5 All fields are left justified.

4.3.6 Unused trailing characters in a mandatory field shall be represented by the hyphen "-"
character.

4.3.7 Unused trailing fields in optional part of the layer name can be omitted.

4.4 Layer name fields

4.4.1 Originator field

This field indicates the discipline of an individual/company/organisation responsible for the


preparation and creation of information in the CAD layer. Since there is a multitude of possible
classifications, depending on the type and organisation of the project at hand, two (2) alphanumeric
characters are used for this field.

4.4.1.1 First character

This first character is a single alphabet code in capital letter to abbreviate the discipline of the
originator of the layer. The list of possible originator codes is as shown in Table 2.

Table 2 – Codes for originator field

Code Originator description


A Architect
C Civil engineer
D Interior designer
E Electrical engineer
L Land surveyor
M Mechanical engineer
Q Equipment supplier
P Master planner
R Regulatory authority
S Structural engineer
T Telecommunication/Signal engineer
V Other disciplines
X Contractor

Additional originator codes may be used internally within an organisation or project to denote other
disciplines not included in Table 2.

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4.4.1.2 Second character

The second character provides further definition of the originator whenever necessary. Example: AL
to denote Landscape Architect. If the first character is sufficient to define the originator of the layer, a
hyphen "-" shall be used as the second character of this field. Example: A- for architect and S- for
structural engineer.

This second alphanumeric character can also be used to denote different originators from the same
discipline involved in the same project. Example: A1 and A2 represent two different architects working
on the same project.

4.4.2 Element field

This field indicates the type of construction work or system of the element in the layer. Classification
for the construction elements or systems is in the form of eight (8) letters of the alphabet. This
element field has two levels of classification, namely, the main and sub-elements.

4.4.2.1 Main element

The main element consists of four (4) letters of the alphabet and is mandatory. It identifies the main
construction work or system of the element.

4.4.2.2 Sub-element

The sub-element consists of four (4) letters of the alphabet and is only used for further classification
of the main element. For elements where classification using the main element is sufficient, the sub-
element may be coded with four (4) hyphen characters "- - - -".

Table 3 shows some examples of classification in element field.

Table 3 – Examples of classification of element field

Name of element Description of elements


Main Sub
STRC ---- Staircases
STRC HANR Handrails of staircases
WALL ---- Walls
WALL FIRE Fire rated walls

Standard main element names defined based on this classification are provided in the annexes of this
code. Element names are arranged in alphabetical order in Annex A. To achieve consistency in the
construction industry, users shall make use of the main element names provided in the annexes
wherever applicable.

Recommended sub-element names are provided in Annex B. They are grouped under their
respective main element. To achieve consistency in the construction industry, users should make
use of the sub-element names provided in Annex B wherever applicable.

Users may generate element names that are not in the list of standard elements provided in the
annexes of this code for their internal use. However, these user-defined layers shall be properly
documented and communicated among the parties involved in the project. While there is no fixed
rules in arriving at the 4-character abbreviation for the main and sub-elements, the general rule is to
truncate the vowels and try to maintain the first and last characters.

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4.4.3 Presentation field

The Presentation field represents the format or type of information presented and is denoted by one
(1) or two (2) alphanumeric characters.

4.4.3.1 First character

There are two levels of classification in the first character field:

a) Basic classification

1) Element graphics;

2) Annotation;

3) Model (combination of element and annotation in model space);

4) Paper/Page (paper space or page information).

b) Further classification

1) Further classification of annotations: Text, hatching, dimension and marking;

2) Further classification of paper/page: Border, tabular information, notes, legends,


schedules, and diagrams.

The valid codes for the first character of the presentation field are given in Table 4.

Table 4 – Codes for first character of presentation field

Code Content
- Whole model and drawing page
M Model, Marking
E Element graphics
A Annotation
T Text, Title *
H Hatching, Hidden
D Dimension
P Page/Paper
B Border
I Tabular information
N Notes
L Legends
S Schedules
R Diagrams
* if Text and Title need to be on separate layers, “TL” can be used for the latter

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4.4.3.2 Second character

For element graphics, the second character represents the projection/view of the element shown in
the layer. The respective views are denoted by one (1) corresponding character as shown in Table 5.

Table 5 – Codes for second character of presentation field

Code Description of views


- All views
1 Elevations
2 Sections
3 3D views
4 Plans
D Details

4.4.4 Status

The Status field is optional and it represents the status of entities used in addition and alteration (A &
A) works. It is denoted by one (1) character code as shown in Table 6.

Table 6 – Codes for status field

Code Content
N New work
E Existing to remain
R Existing to be removed
O Existing to be moved – Original position
F Existing to be moved – Final position
T Temporary work

4.4.5 User-defined field

Users may use the user-defined field for additional information or for further subdivision of layers.
However, information of these user-defined fields must be properly documented and communicated
among the various parties involved.

5 Examples of layer name structure

Mandatory Optional

A _ W A L L P A R P _ E _ N

Figure 2 – Example of layer name structure

Figure 2 shows an example of the structure of a layer name. The layer is prepared by an architect,
and contains graphic information on new work of a parapet wall. A- denotes the design architect. The
element name WALLPARP denotes WALL as the main element and PARP as the sub-element. E- in
the presentation field indicates that this layer contains element graphics of the parapet wall. N in the
status field (optional) shows that the information contained therein is for new work.

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More examples are found below:

Example 1: A-_WALL----_E-

A layer prepared by an architect (A- in the Originator field) containing element graphics (E- in the
Presentation field) of walls (WALL as main element and ---- as the sub-element in the Element field).

Example 2: A2_AREACALC_I-

A layer prepared by a second architect (A2 in the Originator field) containing tabulated information (I-
in the Presentation field) of area calculation (AREA as main element and CALC as the sub-element in
the Element field).

Example 3: C-_ANOT----_D-

A layer prepared by a civil engineer (C- in the Originator field) containing dimensions (D- in the
Presentation field) for the whole CAD file (ANOT as main element and ---- as the sub-element in the
Element field).

Example 4: C-_SDRNPIPE_ED

A layer prepared by a civil engineer (C- in the Originator field) containing element graphic details (ED
in the Presentation field), for a surface water drainage pipe installation (SDRN as main element and
PIPE as the sub-element in the Element field).

Example 5: S-_SLAB----_M-

A layer prepared by a structural engineer (S- in the Originator field) containing only markings (M- in the
Presentation field) of slab (SLAB as main element and ---- as the sub-element in the Element field).

Example 6: M-_ACONRETN_E-

A layer prepared by a mechanical engineer (M- in the Originator field) containing the element
graphics (E- in the Presentation field) of air-conditioning return air system (ACON as main element
and RETN as the sub-element in the Element field).

Example 7: A-_DOORFIRE_S-

A layer prepared by an architect (A- in the Originator field) containing schedule (S- in the Presentation
field) of fire-rated doors (DOOR as main element and fire as the sub-element in the Element field) for
a building.

Example 8: M-_SANIPIPE_E3_N

A layer prepared by a mechanical engineer (M- in the Originator field) containing isometric element
graphics (E3 in the Presentation field) of sanitary piping (SANI as main element and PIPE as the sub-
element in the Element field) for new works (N in the Status field).

Example 9: C-_SEWRMINR_E-_R

A layer prepared by a civil engineer (C- in the Originator field) containing element graphics (E- in the
Presentation field) showing the existing minor sewers (SEWR as main element and MINR as the sub-
element in the Element field) to be removed (R in the status field).

Example 10: E-_ELECCABL_R-_T

A layer prepared by an electrical engineer (E- in the Originator field) containing electrical wiring
(ELEC as main element and CABL as the sub-element in the Element field) single line diagrams (R-
in the Presentation field) for temporary work (T in the Status field).

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Annex A

List of main elements in alphabetical order

The main elements in this list are arranged in alphabetical order.

Main Description
ACON Air-conditioning including heating and related ventilation systems

ANOT Annotations

AREA Areas

BAMS Building automation management systems

BEAM Beams

BLDG Buildings

BRDG Main bridges

CADI Cadastral information, lot numbers, lot boundaries

CDSH Civil defence shelters (public shelter layouts, bounds of protection)

CEIL Ceilings

CHNY Chimneys

CLAD Claddings

COLN Columns

COMA Compressed air systems

CONC Concrete structures

CPRK Car parking lots

DCON Document conveyor systems

DETA Details – offsets, walls, concrete drains, slopes, roads, fences

DOOR Doors

DPOT Railways leading to depots

DWAT Domestic hot and cold water systems

ELEC Electrical power systems

ENDO Plan endorsement by agencies

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Main Description
ESCR Escalators / people movers

FEAT Features – road names, rivers, reservoirs, bridges

FIRE Fire protection systems

FLOR Floors

FNSH Finishes

FOUN Foundations

FUEL Fuel systems

FURT Furniture

GASP Gas supply systems

GRID Grids

LGTN Lightning protection systems

LIFT Lifts

LIGT Lighting

LNSP Landscapes and tree planting

MEDG Medical gas systems

MEVS Mechanical exhaust / ventilation systems

MHAN Material handling systems

MTAL Metal parts

OPEN Structural openings

OTHR Other installations

PAGE Paging systems

PATH Footpaths, walkways

PCAP Pile caps

PCM- Pollution control measures

PCR- Pollution control requirements

PGRD Playgrounds, park facilities

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Main Description
PILE Piles

POOL Swimming pools

PRCS Industrial processes

PRES Prestress elements

PUBA Public address systems

RAIL Railways

RALG Railings

RAMP Ramps

RATG Roads at-grade (kerb lines)

Refuse collection disposal systems including refuse chutes, refuse chute chambers, refuse rooms,
RCDS
refuse bin centres, pneumatic refuse conveyance systems

REIN Reinforcements

RETW Retaining walls

ROAD Roadways

ROOF Roofs

RSUB Roads at sub-surface (underpasses)

RSUP Flyover structures

RWTR Reclaimed water supply installations

SANI Sanitary systems

SDRN Surface water drainage

SECU Security systems

SEWR Sewers

SIGN Signage

SITE Site / external works

SLAB Floor slabs

SOIL Soil tests – field / laboratory

SPAC Space usage

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Main Description
SPRK Fire sprinkler systems

STEL Steel structures / trusses

STEM Steam systems

STRC Staircases

SYBL Symbols including handicap symbols

TCOM Telecommunications installations

TIMB Timber parts

TOPO Topology

TRAV Traverse information, markers and coordinates

TRCK Trackwork

TVAN TV antenna systems, cable TV systems

VCUM Vacuum systems

VIAD Viaducts

WALL Walls

WATR Water supply installations

WIND Windows

XREF Reference files

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Annex B

List of recommended sub-elements in alphabetical order

The sub-elements in this list are group under the respective main elements.

Main Sub Description


ACON Air-conditioning including heating and related ventilation systems
CDDR Condensation drainage
CDWR Condenser water return
CDWS Condenser water supplies
CHIL Chilled water systems
CHWR Chilled water returns
CHWS Chilled water supplies
COND Condenser water systems
EQPT Air-conditioning equipment
FRDF Fresh air diffusers / grilles
FRDT Fresh air ducts
FRES Fresh air systems
FRFN Fresh air fans
MUWP Make-up water pipes
REDT Return air ducts
REFR Refrigerant systems / pipes
REGR Return air grilles / diffusers
RETN Return air systems
SUDF Supply air diffusers / grilles
SUDT Supply air ducts
SUPP Supply air systems
THEM Thermostats

ANOT Annotations
REVN Revision notes
Sketch numbers, plan numbers, cadastral map numbers, lot history schedules , legend boxes,
SPNO
coordinate tables
TBLK Title blocks
VPRT View-port of CAD files

AREA Areas
AREL Land lot areas
ARES Strata lot areas
BDBA Building block areas
BDBD Areas to be deducted from building coverage
CALC Area calculations
COSA Communal open space areas
COSD Areas to be deducted from communal open space areas
GFAA Areas included in GFA calculations
GFAB Area calculation of balconies
GFAD Areas in GFAA but excluded from GFA
GFAR Area calculation of outdoor refreshment areas
GFAQ Area calculation for quantum details
GFAS Area calculation for secondary uses or mixed use developments

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Main Sub Description


BAMS Building automation management systems

BEAM Beams

BLDG Buildings

BRDG Main bridges

CADI Cadastral information, lot numbers, lot boundaries


CADA Airspace lot boundaries and lot numbers, elevation sketches, total area tables for airspace lots
CADN Proposed new lot boundaries, house numbers, lot and marker numbers, inset diagrams
CADP Per-original lot boundaries, lot and marker numbers, per-original markers found
Subterranean lot boundaries and numbers, elevation sketches, total area tables for
CADS
subterranean lots
ELES Elevation sketches, including accessories, lot tables, height, lot and house numbers
MKTS Mukim / town sub-division boundaries and numbers
SHAV Share value tables
SITP Site plan diagrams
STOP Storey plan diagrams, house numbers, common properties

CDSH Civil defence shelters (public shelter layouts, bounds of protection)


AHUE Air-handling equipment, gas filters, gas-tight shut-off valves
CHIL Air-conditioning chillers, cooling towers, pump sets, pipes
DOOR CD doors, louvres, hatches, valves
CD electrical installations, generators and related cooling systems, generator fuel systems
ELEC (underground fuel tanks, fuel pipe routings), electrical switchboards and main cable support
systems (ladders, trunkings, trays)
LGTN Lighting, switches, power outlets and circuits
MEVS Ventilation to CD shelters
MONI CD-door monitoring systems, equipment monitoring systems, control panels
Structural openings in CD shelters, openings for MCTs, pipe sleeves, puddle flanges, opening
OPEN
labels
Telephone and bell systems, public address systems, intercom systems, MATV / cable TV
PATV
systems
PRES Overpressure regime and airflow, differential pressure gauges
RETN Return air ductworks, diffusers, fans
CD decontamination systems, CD drinking systems, CD 'hygiene' systems, pump sets, pipe
SANI
works, tanks, shower heads, drinking points, wash basins, taps, sinks, wash troughs
SUPP Supply air ductworks, diffusers, fans
ZONE Zones of protection, CD room labels

CEIL Ceilings

CHNY Chimneys

CLAD Claddings

COLN Columns
LOAD Loading
STIF Stiffeners
STUM Stumps

COMA Compressed air systems

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CP 83 : Part 1 : 2004

Main Sub Description


CONC Concrete structures
TEND Prestress tendon profiles

CPRK Car parking lots


LEVL Car parking lot spot levels

DCON Document conveyor systems

DETA Details – offsets, walls, concrete drains, slopes, roads, fences

DOOR Doors
FIRE Fire rated doors

DPOT Railways leading to depots

DWAT Domestic hot and cold water systems


COPI Domestic cold water pipes
EQPT Domestic hot and cold water equipment
FLPI Domestic flush water pipes
HOPI Domestic hot water pipes

ELEC Electrical power systems


BUSB Electrical power bus-bar trunkings
CABL Electrical cable trays
CIRC Electrical circuits
EMER Emergency power supplies
EQPT Electrical equipment
FANS Electrical fans
SWIT Electrical switchboards
TRKG Electrical trunkings
UNDR Electrical underground conduits

ENDO Plan endorsement by regulatory authorities


BCAB BCA – Building Plan
BCAC BCA – Civil Defence Shelter
BCAS BCA – Structural Engineering
CAAS CAAS
DSTA DSTA
FSSB FSSB
HDB- HDB
JTCB JTC – Building Control Unit
IDA- IDA
LTA- LTA
MPA- MPA
NEAE NEA – Environmental Health
NEAP NEA – Pollution Control
NPKS Nparks
PGAS PowerGas
PUBD PUB – Drainage
PUBR PUB – Water Reclamation
PUBS PUB – Sewerage

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CP 83 : Part 1 : 2004

Main Sub Description


ENDO PUBW PUB – Water
SLA- SLA
URA- URA

ESCR Escalators / people movers

FEAT Features – road names, rivers, reservoirs, bridges

FIRE Fire protection systems


ALAM Fire alarms
DAMP Fire dampers
DRYR Fire protection dry risers
ENGA Fire engine access ways
ENGH Fire engine hard-standing
EQPT Fire protection equipment
HDCO Heat detectors concealed
HDEX Heat detectors exposed
HEAT Fire protection heat detectors
HYDT Fire hydrants
REEL Fire protection hose reels
SDCO Smoke detectors concealed
SDEX Smoke detectors exposed
SMOK Fire protection smoke detectors
WETR Fire protection wet risers

FLOR Floors
LEVL Floor / platform levels

FNSH Finishes

FOUN Foundations

FUEL Fuel systems


EQPT Fuel equipment
PIPE Fuel pipes

FURT Furniture

GASP Gas supply systems


EQPT Gas supply equipment
PIPE Gas pipes

GRID Grids

LGTN Lightning protection systems

LIFT Lifts

LIGT Lighting
CIRC Lighting circuits
SWIT Lighting switches
TRKG Trunkings

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CP 83 : Part 1 : 2004

Main Sub Description


LNSP Landscapes and tree planting
ARTN Aeration areas
BUFF Green buffer lines
HARD Landscaping hard surfaces
VERG Planting verges

MEDG Medical gas systems

MEVS Mechanical exhaust / ventilation systems


EXDT Exhaust air ducts
EXFN Exhaust air fans
EXGR Exhaust air grilles / diffusers
EXHA Exhaust air systems
FRDF Fresh air diffusers / grilles
FRDT Fresh air ducts
FRES Fresh air systems
FRFN Fresh air fans
SMKC Smoke control systems
SMKP Smoke purging systems
STPR Staircase pressurisation systems

MHAN Material handling systems

MTAL Metal parts

OPEN Structural openings

OTHR Other installations

PAGE Paging systems

PATH Footpaths, walkways


OVER Pedestrian overhead bridges
UNDR Entrance and exit of pedestrian underpasses

PCAP Pile caps

PCM- Pollution control measures


APCE Air pollution control equipment
APCS Air pollution control systems
FBE- Fuel burning equipment
NPCF Noise pollution control facilities
WPCE Water pollution control equipment

PCR- Pollution control requirements


PME- Process equipment
STOR Storage facilities
UTLT Utilities

PGRD Playground, park facilities

PILE Piles

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CP 83 : Part 1 : 2004

Main Sub Description


POOL Swimming pools
EQPT Swimming pool equipment
PIPE Swimming pool pipes

PRCS Industrial processes

PRES Prestress elements


CABL Prestress cables

PUBA Public address systems


SPKR Public address system speakers

RAIL Railways
MALG Master alignments, chainage / labels, tangent points
PLFT Station platforms
ZONE Railway protection corridors

RALG Railings

RAMP Ramps

RATG Roads at-grade (kerb lines)

Refuse collection disposal systems including refuse chutes, refuse chute chambers, refuse
RCDS
rooms, refuse bin centres, pneumatic refuse conveyance systems

REIN Reinforcements
BOTM Bottom reinforcement
LINK Reinforcement links
TOP- Top reinforcement
WELD Welded steel fabrics

RETW Retaining walls


PONT Survey points

ROAD Roadways
BUS- Bus stop posts or shelters
Road furniture, traffic signs, bus shelters, bus stop posts, sign boards, surveillance cameras
ELEM
associated with roads
HUMP Road humps
INNR Inner edges and centre lines of carriage ways
KERB Road kerbs
LEVL Road spot levels
MALG Master alignments, chainage / labels, tangent points
MARK Traffic markings on roads
OUTR Outer edge of carriage ways
PONT Survey points of road lines
RESV Road reserves
SIGN Road signage
TLGT Traffic lights
WIDL Road widening lines

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CP 83 : Part 1 : 2004

Main Sub Description


ROOF Roofs

RSUB Roads at sub-surfaces (underpasses)

RSUP Flyover structures

RWTR Reclaimed water supply installations


INDW Industrial water supply installations
NEWR NEWater supply installations

SANI Sanitary systems


DRAN Sanitary drainage
EQPT Sanitary equipment
FIXR Plumbing fixtures
PIPE Sanitary pipes
PITS Pits, sumps, hatch-boxes
VENT Sanitary vent pipes

SDRN Surface water drainage


COMD Outlines of common drains
CONN Connection of drain to roadside drains
CREL Crest protection levels for openings, stairways to basements
CRRC Collection of rain water for recycling purposes
DELE Deleted / obsolete drain lines
DRDC Computation for peak runoff and discharge capacities
FBIL False bottoms invert levels of drains
FLOW Flow directions in drains
GRAT Drain gratings
GTTR Gutter channels
INTD Outlines of internal drains
LEVL Invert levels of surface drainage
OUTD Outlines of outlet / roadside drains
MAJR Drainage, pumping mains and ducting, cable troughs
Scupper drains, sump pits and pump sumps, gratings, chequer plates, steel frames, weld
MINR
connections
MPLL Minimum platform levels
PIPE Surface water drainage pipes, culverts
PUMP Pump capacities, areas of source catchment
RECL Reclamation levels
RESV Drainage reserves
STDR Structures within drainage reserves
SVDR Services within drainage reserves
UGDS Drainage for basements, tunnels and underground facilities

SECU Security systems

SEWR Sewers
DEEP Deep tunnel sewers and drop shafts
LEVL Main invert levels of sewers / pumping
MAJR Major / main sewers and manholes for diameter 300 mm - 900 mm
MINR Minor sewers and manholes for diameter < 300 mm
PIPE Sewer pipes

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CP 83 : Part 1 : 2004

Main Sub Description


SEWR PRSS Sewage pumping mains and related pipe works
TREF Effluent outfall pipes
TRNK Trunk sewers and manholes for diameter > 900 mm

SIGN Signage

SITE Site, external works


BASE Basement outlines
BLDG Building outlines
BNRY Site boundaries
ELEM Facilities, secondary important sub-elements put in the same layers
ISTM Instruments
KPLN Key plans
LINK Linkways, bollards
NRTH North point
PATH Footpaths
RAIL Guardrails / railings
Services manholes (TAS, SEW, WATER), electric boxes, fire hydrants, electric poles, traffic
SCVS
lights, telephone booths and other openings / manholes associated with utilities
STBK Building setbacks
WALL Boundary walls, site fences

SLAB Floor slabs


LOAD Loading
PLNH Concrete plinths for equipment
PLNK Precast planks
STEP Slab rises / drops

SOIL Soil tests – field / laboratory


BORE Bore hole logs
CLAY Clay
FILL Fills
ROCK Rocks
SAND Sand
TUNL Tunnels

SPAC Space usage


BLDG Building plot boundaries, building plot numbers
COSS Plot boundaries and plot numbers for communal uses / open spaces
FOOD Food outlets and food factories
MRKT Markets
POOL Layouts of swimming pools
STRA Strata unit boundaries on floor plans for strata subdivisions
TOIL Public toilets

SPRK Fire sprinkler systems


PICO Sprinkler range pipes concealed
PIEX Sprinkler range pipes exposed
PIPE Sprinkler pipes

STEL Steel structures / trusses


BOLT Bolts
CAGE Cages

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CP 83 : Part 1 : 2004

Main Sub Description


STEL PLTE Plates
PURL Purlins
MAJR Major members
MINR Minor members
WELD Weldings

STEM Steam systems

STRC Staircases
HANR Staircase handrails
LNDG Staircase landings
STEP Staircase steps
WLIN Staircase walk-lines

SYBL Symbols including handicap symbols

TCOM Telecommunication installations


CABL Telecommunication cables

TIMB Timber parts

TOPO Topology
CONT Site contour lines and elevations
CROS Cross sections
GRAD Site gradients
LONG Longitudinal sections
PLVL Platform levels
PONT Spot level points for earthworks computation
SLOP Embankments

TRAV Traverse information, markers and coordinates


ISNM Integrated survey networks marker information

TRCK Trackwork
3R conductor rails, 3R insulators, 3R protective covers, 3R claws, 3R supports, expansion rail
3R-- joints, mid point anchors, 3R ramps, overhead catenary systems, automatic train operations
(ATO), electrified tracks, Non-ATO electrified tracks
BRTL Bored tunnels / 1st stage concrete
BUFF Slidings / fixed buffer stops
CCTL Cut and cover tunnels / viaducts
CONC Construction joints / 2nd stage concrete, sleepers
FORM Trackform types, switches / crossings
Base plates, resilient pads, elastomer materials, bolts / nuts, springs / nylon bush, rail clips,
FTNR
insulating materials and miscellaneous fixings
Kinematics envelopes, structure gauges, construction gauges, wagon mounted structure
GAUG
gauges
IRJT Insulated rail joints, sealing compounds, joint fillers, fish plates, bolts and nuts
Rails, ballasted tracks, stabling tracks, staging tracks and test tracks, reception tracks and
LINE
non-electrified tracks
MARK Chainage markers, electrical section markers and fouling point signs
PATH Walkways, cross passages, precast step units
Circuit diagrams, traction substations, drainage panels, impedance / bridging, DC supplies,
SCCC
wire meshes

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CP 83 : Part 1 : 2004

Main Sub Description


TRCK SVCS Services, cables, brackets, pipes, jumper boxes and wave guides
Turnout geometry, turnout crossings, point machines, switches / crossings, turnout switch
TRUN
rails, check rails

TVAN TV antenna systems, cable TV systems

VCUM Vacuum systems

VIAD Viaducts

WALL Walls
FIRE Fire rated walls
PARP Parapet walls
PRTN Partition walls
STRU Structural walls

WATR Water supply installations


FIRE Water supply installation for fire protection systems

WIND Windows
SKYL Skylights

XREF Reference files

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CP 83 : Part 1 : 2004

ABOUT SPRING SINGAPORE

SPRING Singapore is an agency under the Ministry of Trade and Industry responsible for helping
Singapore enterprises grow and building trust in Singapore products and services. As the national
standards and accreditation body, SPRING develops and promotes an internationally-recognised
standards and quality assurance infrastructure. SPRING also oversees the safety of general
consumer goods in Singapore. As the enterprise development agency, SPRING works with partners
to help enterprises in financing, capability and management development, technology and innovation,
and access to markets.

SPRING Singapore
1 Fusionopolis Walk
#01-02 South Tower, Solaris
Singapore 138628
Tel: 6278 6666
Fax: 6278 6667
E-mail: enterpriseone@spring.gov.sg
Website: http://www.spring.gov.sg

ABOUT THE NATIONAL STANDARDISATION PROGRAMME

Under the national standardisation programme, SPRING Singapore helps companies and industry to
meet international standards and conformity requirements by creating awareness of the importance of
standardisation to enhance competitiveness and improve productivity, co-ordinating the development
and use of Singapore Standards and setting up an information infrastructure to educate companies
and industry on the latest developments.

SPRING Singapore is vested with the authority to appoint a Standards Council to advise on the
preparation, publication and promulgation of Singapore Standards and Technical References and
their implementation.

Singapore Standards are in the form of specifications for materials and products, codes of practice,
methods of test, nomenclature, services, etc. The respective committee or working group will draw
up the standards before seeking final approval from the Standards Council or the relevant Standards
Committee. To ensure adequate representation of all viewpoints in the preparation of Singapore
Standards, all committees appointed consist of representatives from various interest groups which
include government agencies, professional bodies, tertiary institutions and consumer, trade and
manufacturing organisations.

Technical References are transition documents developed to help meet urgent industry demand for
specifications or requirements on a particular product, process or service in an area where there is an
absence of reference standards. Unlike Singapore Standards, they are issued for comments over a
period of two years before assessment on their suitability for approval as Singapore Standards. All
comments are considered when a technical reference is reviewed at the end of two years to
determine the feasibility of its transition to a Singapore Standard. Technical References can
therefore become Singapore Standards after two years, continue as Technical References for further
comments or be withdrawn.

In the international arena, SPRING Singapore represents Singapore in the International Organisation
of Standardisation (ISO), the Asia-Pacific Economic Co-operation (APEC) Sub-committee for
Standards and Conformance (SCSC) and in the ASEAN Consultative Committee on Standards and
Quality (ACCSQ). The Singapore National Committee of the International Electrotechnical
Commission which is supported by SPRING Singapore, represents Singapore in the IEC.

29
COPYRIGHT
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The Singapore Standardisation
Programme
  is managed by
SPRING Singapore
1  Fusionopolis Walk,
#01-02
  South Tower, Solaris
Singapore 138628
 
Tel : +65 6278 6666
Fax : +65 6278 6667
 
www.spring.gov.sg