Japanese Alphabet This page contains a table including the following: Japanese alphabet, including Kana, Hiragana, and

Katakana, letters which help you pronounce the words in a given language, you will also learn about the different consonants and vowels. Make sure to check our Learn Japanese page, which contains several lessons that might help you in your learning process. Japanese Alphabet The Japanese alphabet is usually referred to as kana, specifically hiragana and katakana. While the Hiragana consists of 48 syllables, it is a phonetic alphabet where each alphabetic combination represents just a single sound. Thus any Japanese word can be written in a way that can be read without having to remember how the word is pronounced. So the Japanese kana are much simpler, the way something is written is the way it sounds. There is also Kanji, a Japanese system of writing based on borrowed or slightly modified Chinese characters. Hiragana Syllables (Alphabet) The table below shows the 48 Hiragana syllables: EN JP EN JP EN JP EN JP EN JP

a i u e o ha

ka ki ku ke ko ma

sa shi su se so ya

ta chi tsu te to ra

na ni nu ne no wa

EN hi fu he ho

JP

EN mi mu me mo

JP

EN

JP

EN ri

JP

EN wi n we wo

JP

yu

ru re

yo

ro

Maybe you have noticed that many sounds are missing, that¶s why Japanese added some additional sounds using diacritics or combinations of syllables, the table below shows the additional sounds in Hiragana: EN JP EN JP EN JP EN JP EN JP

ga gi gu ge go

za ji zu ze zo

da ji zu de do

ba bi bu be bo

pa pi pu pe po

EN kya kyu kyo JP EN sha shu sho JP EN cha chu cho JP EN hya hyu hyo JP EN pya pyu pyo JP gya gya gyo rya ja ju jo ryu nya nyu nyo ryu bya byu byo (ja) mya my myo (ju) Katakana Syllables (Alphabet) Katakana are most often used for transcription of words in foreign languages. that¶s why Katakana is considered the simplest of the Japanese scripts. used to represent sounds. EN JP EN JP EN JP EN JP EN JP a ka sa ta na EN i u e o ha hi fu he ho JP EN ki ku ke ko ma mi mu me mo JP EN shi su se so ya JP EN chi tsu te to ra ri JP EN ni nu ne no wa (wi) n (we) (w)o JP yu ru re yo ro For a modern Katakana there was a necessity to add some sounds. technical and scientific terms. below is a list of additions to the katakana. used mainly to represent sounds from other languages: EN JP EN JP EN JP EN JP EN JP ga za da ba pa . Katakana's main feature is short straight strokes and angular corners.

EN JP EN JP EN JP EN JP ye wi we wo va vi vu ve vo ( ( ) ) va vi ve she je che ( ( ) ) vo vya fa fi fe fo fyu ti tu tyu di du dyu tsa tsi tse tso . adjective stems and verb stems. Kanji which is a Japanese system of writing based on borrowed or slightly modified Chinese characters is used to write parts of the language such as nouns.EN gi gu ge go JP EN ji zu ze zo JP EN ji zu de do JP EN bi bu be bo JP EN pi pu pe po JP kya kyu kyo sha shu sho cha chu cho hya hyu hyo pya pyu pyo gya gya gyo rya ja ju jo ryu nya nyu nyo ryu bya byu byo (ja) mya my myo (ju) Kanji Characters (Alphabet) Kanji are used together with three other systems to write modern Japanese. For Kanji characters refers to the Chinese characters.

Japanese greetings and survival phrases or simply if you want to know what to say when chatting. Arigatou! *2 Dou itashi mashite. thanks! And you? Japanese Greetings: Yaa. Konbanw Youkoso irasshai mashita. Mata atode aimashou! Sayonara! / Mayotte shimai mashita. / maa-maa desu. Make sure to check our Learn Japanese page. Samishi katta desu. Thank you (very much)! You're welcome! (for "thank you") I missed you so much! What's new? Nothing much Good night! See you later! Good bye! Asking for Help and Directions I'm lost Can I help you? Can you help me? Japanese Phrases Genki desu. Oyasumi nasai. conversation and idioms. Japanese Phrases English Phrases Japanese Phrases English Greetings Hi! Good morning! Good evening! Welcome! (to greet someone) How are you? I'm fine. which contains several lessons that might help you in your learning process. Otetsudai shimashouka? Tetsudatte kuremasuka? *4 . *3 Saikin dou desuka? Kawari nai desu. so they might come handy if you memorize them. Arigato! Anatawa? English Phrases Good/ So-So.Japanese Phrases This page contains a table including the following: Japanese phrases. Ogenki desuka? Watashi wa genki desu. *1 Ohayou gozaimasu. Most of the sentences below are used for the everyday life conversations. expressions and words in Japanese.

hidari / migi ni magatte kudasai I'm looking for john. One moment please! Hold on please! (phone) How much is this? Excuse me .. Mr. I live in (the U.... Doko ni sun de imasu ka? Watashi wa amerika / nihon ni sundeimasu. *5 ³san´ is adequate for all. Soshite.S/ Japan) Did you like it here? Kokowa suki ni narimashita ka? . Do you speak (English/ Japanese)? Anata wa eigo/nihongo wo hanashimasu ka? English Phrases Just a little. Hajimemashite! or Oai dekite ureshii desu./ Mrs. Chotto matte kudasai. What's your name? My name is . Kore wa ikura desuka? Sumimasen! Sumimasen! John Watashi to issho ni kite kudasai..S/ Japan) I'm (American) Where do you live? Anata wa totemo shinsetsu desu.. Namae wa nandesu ka? Watashi no namae wa «. Chotto matte kudasai.! (to ask for something) Excuse me! ( to pass by) Come with me! How to Introduce Yourself John wo sagashite imasu. *6 Nice to meet you! You're very kind! Where are you from? I'm from (the U. Watashi wa Amerika jin desu..«/ Miss« Japanese Phrases Sukoshi dake.English Phrases Where is the (bathroom/ pharmacy)? Japanese Phrases (Toire/yakkyoku) wa doko desuka? ( / ) Go straight! then turn left/ right! Massugu itte kudasai. Doko no shusshin desu ka? Amerika/Nihon kara desu.

thirty. ni yoroshiku to tsutaete kudasai. Gomenasai. Ituka nihon wo otozure tai.English Phrases Japan is a wonderful country What do you do for a living? I work as a (translator/ businessman) I like Japanese Japanese Phrases Nihon ha subarashii kuni desu. . 30) sai desu. I have to go I will be right back! Wish Someone Something Good luck! Happy birthday! Sorewa iidesu ne.. Daijyoubu desu. John John Odaiji ni. Osigoto wa nandesu ka? Osigoto wa nandesu ka? Watashi wa nihongo ga suki desu. Oyasumi nasai. I've been learning Japanese for 1 month Oh! That's good! How old are you? I'm (twenty. etc) wo tanoshinde kudasai.. Ganbatte ne! *7 Tanjyoubi omedetou gozaimasu! English Phrases Japanese Phrases Akemashite omedetou gozaimasu. Happy new year! Merry Christmas! Congratulations! Enjoy! (for meals.) I'd like to visit Japan one day Merii Kurisumasu! *8 Omedetou! (noun. Sugu modori masu. Toshi wa ikutsu desu ka? Watshi wa (20... () Say hi to John for me Bless you (when sneezing) Good night and sweet dreams! Solving a Misunderstanding I'm Sorry! (if you don't hear something) Sorry (for a mistake) No Problem! Sumimasen. Watashi wa nihongo ü wo ichikagetu narrate imasu. Ikanakutewa narimasen.) years old.

douzo! Suki desu ka? Honto ni suki desu. yoru ni Kore / Are Koko / Asoko . Here/There Asa ni. Nihonn go %ü wo renshu suru hitsuyou ga arimasu. In The Morning/ Evening/ At Night. Japanese Phrases Mouichido itte kuremasuka? Yukkuri shabette kuremasuka? Kaite kudasai. Wakarimasen. I need to practice my Japanese English Phrases Don't worry! Japanese Expressions and Words Good/ Bad/ So-So. Yoi / Warui / maa-maa Ookii/Chiisai Kyou / Ima Ashita / Kinou Hai / iie Hai. Arewa nihongo de nanto iimasu ka? What's That Called In Japanese? What Does "gato" Mean In English? ³Omedeto´ Omedeto ³Please´ ³Please´ wa eigo de douiu imi desu ka? How Do You Say "Please" In Japanese? wa nihongo de nanto iimasu ka? What Is This? My Japanese is bad. Wakarimasen. Shirimasen. I'm hungry/ thirsty. This/ That. Korewa nandesu ka? Watashi no nihongo wa heta desu.English Phrases Can You Say It Again? Can You Speak Slowly? Write It Down Please! I Don't Understand! I Don't Know! I Have No Idea. Big/ Small Today/ Now Tomorrow/ Yesterday Yes/ No Here you go! (when giving something) Do you like it? I really like it! Japanese Phrases Goshinpai naku. Onaka ga suki masita. / Nodo ga kawaki mashita. yuugata ni.

you can say Hajimemashite./ / Anata wo aishite imasu. *9 I love you! I feel sick. When using kanji to write numbers. roku Nana (shichi) hachi. Really! Look! Hurry up! What? Where? What time is it? Japanese Phrases Watashi / anata Kare / Kanojyo Honto! Mite Isoide! Nani? Doko? Nanji desu ka? Jyuji desu. Three Choshi ga warui desu. or using kanji. Make sure to check our Learn Japanese page. 07:30pm. Two. There¶s no big difference between them. *5 . Instead. and how to use them.. and ³Can you help me´ is included in this ³Sumimasen´. Ten Japanese Phrases Yon.English Phrases Me/ You. 25 is "two ten five". kyuu.. but not for a million. It's 10 o'clock. go. Gogo hichi ji sanjyu pun desu. Five.san is a very normal way. 3479 is "three thousand four hundred seven ten nine". Daisuki desu is used casually. To say a million. a positional system is employed. Six Seven. *6 This sentence can directly be Oai dekite ureshii desu. you have to say "one hundred ten-thousand". If you meet person for the first time. I need a doctor One.000 (man). jyuu *1 This may be a kind of literary/writing expression« and it¶s seldom used in conversation. which contains several lessons that might help you in your learning process. ni. 0. Add after both first and family name like Koizumi san or Jyunichiro san... But basically it¶s seldom used. .. *8 Christmas is not really celebrated by the Japanese and therefore Merry Christmas is not a common greeting you would hear. Note that there is a character and word for 10. san English Phrases Four. kanji when writing vertically. The numbers below are written in English. Byouin ni ikitai. Give me this! Kore wo kudasai! Daisuki desu. *3 (Anata ga inakute) Samishi katta desu : Abbreviated Anata ga inakute. Him/ Her. *4 Usually we just say ³Excuse me/ Sumimasen´.9). Eight. *2 Arigato and Arigato gozaimasu. Japanese Cardinal Numbers Numbers in Japanese can either be written in the usual "Arabic numbers" fashion (0. *7 Direct translation is Kouun wo inorimasu. Ichi. But never is unnatural. I love you is expressed in progressive aspect like ³I am loving you´.9 is more often used when writing horizontally. Japanese Cardinal and Ordinal Numbers This page contains a table including the following: a list of Japanese Number both cardinal and ordinal. etc. Nine. ³Arigato gozaimasu´ is more polite. Japanese pronunciation and Kanji.. *9 This is one of the Japanese language mysteries. although there are plenty of exceptions to both.

2. for example: first. 3.. 3) or in Chinese numerals ( . The Arabic numerals are more often used in horizontal writing. second. jyu shichi hyaku go-jyu ichi san-byaku ni yon-hyaku roku-jyu kyu ni-sen ni-jyu go Japanese Ordinal Numbers Ordinal numbers are used to determine a position or a rank.. English Japanese Cardinal Numbers in Romaji Kanji 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 rei [rei] Iti [ichi] ni san Shi go roku nana hati [hachi] kyu English 10 11 20 100 Japanese Cardinal Numbers in Romaji jyu jyu ichi ni jyu hyaku Kanji Here are some examples of some other numbers which will give you an idea on how the structure of several numbers is made: English Japanese Cardinal Numbers in Romaji Kanji 17 151 302 469 2025 jyu nana.Cardinal numbers are digits like 1. . and the Chinese numerals are more common in vertical writing. in Arabic numerals (1. ). please look at the table below: . 4 « There are two ways of writing the numbers in Japanese. third . 2.

English Japanese Cardinal Numbers in Romaji Kanji first second third fourth fifth sixth seventh eight ninth tenth eleventh tuitati hutuka mikka yokka ituka muika nanoka youka kokonoka touka zyuuitiniti 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 English twentieth hundredth Japanese Cardinal Numbers in Romaji hatuka hyakka Kanji 20 100 . that¶s why Katakana is considered the simplest of the Japanese scripts.Katakana's main feature is short straight strokes and angular corners.

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