You are on page 1of 7

UNIT 4- DIVERSITY IN LIVING ORGANISMS

Class –IX
(Biology)

Learning outcomes -
At the end of this lesson plan students will be able to

• Define the words classify, taxonomy, nomenclature and learn that the nature
of classification is hierarchical.
• To recall the characteristics of plant groups and animal groups.
• To Understanding the classification system.

Refer to 7.1 paragraph of chapter-Diversity in living organisms : Read the content


given on page (80-82) from (Attempts at classifying……………making broad
groups) and find the answers for the following .concept map, activity andmultiple
choice questions.

1.Concept map: Illustratre the relationship between classification terms by writing


different ctegories like living organisms, prokaryotes, eukaryotes and monera etc,
at appropriate places in the concept map.
2. Activity:Taxonomy, Classification, and Dichotomous Keys

Scientists have discovered few new creatures on planet Mars. They need your help to
identify and classify them. Use the dichotomous key on the next page to identify these
creatures and write the correct answer in your note book.

1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

6. 7. 8. 9. 10.

11. 12. 13. 14. 15.

16. 17. 18. 19. 20.

Features of new creatures which can be used for classification:


1. a. The creature has a large wide head............................
b. The creature has a small narrow head..........................
2. a. It has 3 eyes ................................................
b. It has 2 eyes ................................................
3. a. There is a star in the middle of its chest....................
b. There is no star in the middle of its chest .................
4. a. The creature has hair spikes .................................
b. The creature has no hair spikes.............................
5. a. The bottom of the creature is arch-shaped ..................
b. The bottom of the creature is M-shaped .....................
6. a. The creature has an arch-shaped bottom .......................
b. The creature has an M-shaped bottom...........................
7. a. The creature has hairy spikes ................................
b. The creature has no spikes....................................
8. a. There is a star in the middle of its body ....................
b. The is no star in the middle of its body .....................
9. a. The creature has an arch shaped bottom .......................
b. The creature has an M shaped bottum ..........................
10. a. The body is symmetrical ......................................
b. The body is not symmetrical...................................
11. a. The creatrue has no antennae .................................
b. The creature has antennae ....................................
12. a. There are spikes on the face .................................
b. There are no spikes on the face ..............................
13. a. The creature has no spike anywhere ...........................
b. There are spikes on the right leg ............................
14. a. The creature has 2 eyes...................................
b. The creature has 1 eye........................................
15. a. The creature has a mouth......................................
b. The creature has no mouth.....................................
16. a. There are spikes on the left leg .............................
b. There are no spikes at all ...................................
17. a. The creature has spikes ...................................
b. The creature has no spikes ...................................
18. a. There are spikes on the head .................................
b. There are spikes on the right leg.............................
19. a. There are spikes covering the face ...........................
b. There are spikes only on the outside edge of head ............

Now you are aware of system of classification after studying from referred pages of
your book , try to complete the following worksheet in your note book
Worksheet

For each question choose the best answer

1. Which of the following is not a reason to classify organisms?


a. to learn how they are related to other organisms.
b. to help make sense of our world.
c. to learn more about the organisms. .
d. to learn their names in other languages.

2. Which best defines classification?


a. the time between fertilization and birth.
b. the sorting of organisms into groups based on similarities and differences.
c. the process by which animals get their food.
d. the process by which DNA makes a copy of itself.

3. Where in our world does classification occur?


a. at the school library.
b. at the grocery store.
c. in a scientific lab.
d. all of the above.

4. Name the scientist who developed the modern system of classification.


a. Charles Darwin
b. Isaac Newton
c. Carolus Linnaeus
d. Albert Einstein

5. Which is the largest grouping of related organisms?


a. family
b. species
c. phylum
d. kingdom

6. Which is the smallest group of related organisms?


a. family
b. species
c. phylum
d. kingdom

7. Which scientific name is written correctly?


a. Canis familiaris
b. Canis familiaris
c. Canis Familiaris
d. canisfamiliaris

8. Which is the proper order of classification?


a. Family, Order, Species, Genus, Kingdom, Class, Phylum
b. Order, Species, Kingdom, Phylum, Family, Class, Genus
c. Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus, Species
d. Species, Family, Order, Phylum, Kingdom, Class, Genus

9. What parts of an organism's classification make up their scientific name?


a. Kingdom and phylum
b. Order and class
c. Genus and species
d. Family and class

10. The study of classifying or grouping organisms, both living and fossils is
called:
a. organization
b. taxonomy
c. genetics
d. biology

11. A ___________________ is a scientist who uses fossils to reconstruct


the history of life millions of years before humans existed.
a. geologist
b. botanist
c. fossilologist
d. paleontologist

12. A branching key is a:


a. a tool used to organize the relationships between organisms based on
similarities and differences.
b. tool to open up the knot holes found on trees.
c. a tool used to sequence the bases found on a DNA molecule.
d. another name for a dichotomous key.

13. A _______________ is a special guide developed by taxonomist to


aid in identifying unknown organism by answering a series of yes and no
questions.
a. encyclopedia
b. microscope
c. dichotomous key
d. cladogram