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Para el fluido caliente:

31.58+31.09
ThP= = 31.34°C
2
Tabla (A-9): 𝜌ℎ = 995.5𝑘𝑔/𝑚3 , Cph=4.178KJ/kg°C

v1=3.086 L/min = 5.14× 10−5 𝑚3 /𝑠

mh= 𝜌ℎ × v1= 996.65×5.14× 10−5= 0.0512Kg/s

Para el fluido frio:


27.29+26.21
TcP= = 26.75°C
2

Tabla (A-9): 𝜌𝑐 = 996.65𝑘𝑔/𝑚3 , Cpc=4.179KJ/kg°C

v2=1.836 L/min = 3.06× 10−5 𝑚3 /𝑠

mc= 𝜌𝑐 × v2= 996.65×3.06× 10−5= 0.0305Kg/s

Flujos de calor
Qh=Qmin= mh× Cph× ∆Th=0.0512× 4.178 × (31.58 − 31.09) = 0.105𝐾𝑊

Qc=Qmax= mc× Cpc× ∆Tc=0.0305× 4.179 × (27.29 − 26.21) = 0.138𝐾𝑊

Temperatura media logarítmica:


∆T1−∆T2
∆Tml,Cf = ∆T1
𝐿𝑛( )
∆T2

∆T1=31.58-27.29=4.29°C

∆T2=31.09-26.21=4.48°C
4.29−4.48
∆Tml,Cf = 4.29 =4.38°C
𝐿𝑛( )
4.48

Capacidades caloríficas:
Cmin=Cc=0.0305× 4.179 = 0.127𝑘𝑤/°𝐶

Cmax=Ch=0.0512× 4.178 = 0.214𝑘𝑤/°𝐶


Cmin 0.127
C=Cmax=0.214=0.59

Área Superficial AS:


AS=n× 𝜋 × 𝐷 × 𝐿 = 7 × 𝜋 × 0.004 × 𝑂. 184 = 0.0162𝑚2

Flujo de calor:
Q=U× 𝐴𝑠 × 𝐹 × ∆Tml,Cf
Calculamos el factor F
𝑡2−𝑡1 31.09−31.58
P= = =0.1
𝑇1−𝑡2 26.21−31.58
F=0.99

𝑄 0.138×103
U= = =1964.5W/𝑚2 °C
𝐴𝑠×𝐹×∆Tml,Cf 0.0162×0.99×4.38

Calculo del NTU:


𝑈×𝐴𝑠 1964.5×0.0162
NTU= = =0.25
𝐶𝑚𝑖𝑛 0.127
Calculo del rendimiento:

1 + exp[−0.25√1 + (0.59)2 ]
𝜀 = 2[1 + 0.59 + √1 + (0.59)2 ]−1
1 − exp[−0.25√1 + (0.59)2 ]

𝜀 = 0.21 = 21%

Calculo de hi:
Para Tcp=26.75°C se obtiene las siguientes propiedades de la (Tabla A-9)

𝜇 = 0.868 × 10−3 Pr=5.89

𝜌 = 996.65𝐾𝑔/𝑚3 k=0.610KW/𝑚2 °𝐶

v =8.71 × 10−7

Calculamos la velocidad:
4×𝑚𝑐 4×0.0305
V= = = 2.44m/s
𝜌×𝜋×𝐷2 996.65×𝜋×0.004 2

Numero de Reynolds:
𝑉𝐷 2.44×0,004
Re= = = 11205.5
𝑣 8.71 ×10−7

Como es Reynolds calculado es mayor que 10000, el flujo es turbulento


ℎ𝑖𝐷
Nu=
𝑘

Nu=0.023 × 𝑅𝑒 0.8 × 𝑃𝑟 0.4 = 0.023 × (11205.5)0.8 × (5.89)0.4 = 81.2


𝑁𝑢𝐾 81.2×0.610
hi= = =12383 W/𝑚2°𝐶
𝐷 0.004
Calculo de h0:
1 1 1
= +
𝑈 ℎ𝑖 ℎ𝑜
1 1
ho= 1 1 = 1 1 = 2334.9 W/𝑚2 °𝐶

𝑈 ℎ𝑖 −
1964.5 12383