All India Engineering/Architecture Entrance Examination 2010
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MATHMATICS PHYSICS CHEMISTRY APTITUDE
UNIT 1: SETS, RELATIONS AND FUNCTIONS: Sets and their representation; Union, intersection and complement of sets and their algebraic properties; Power set; Relation, Types of relations, equivalence relations, functions;. one-one, into and onto functions, composition of functions. UNIT 2: COMPLEX NUMBERS AND QUADRATIC EQUATIONS: Complex numbers as ordered pairs of reals, Representation of complex numbers in the form a+ib and their representation in a plane, Argand diagram, algebra of complex numbers, modulus and argument (or amplitude) of a complex number, square root of a complex number, triangle inequality, Quadratic equations in real and complex number system and their solutions. Relation between roots and co-efficients, nature of roots, formation of quadratic equations with given roots. UNIT 3: MATRICES AND DETERMINANTS: Matrices, algebra of matrices, types of matrices, determinants and matrices of order two and three. Properties of determinants, evaluation of determinants, area of triangles using determinants. Adjoint and evaluation of inverse of a square matrix using determinants and elementary transformations, Test of consistency and solution of simultaneous linear equations in two or three variables using determinants and matrices. UNIT 4: PERMUTATIONS AND COMBINATIONS: Fundamental principle of counting, permutation as an arrangement and combination as selection, Meaning of P (n,r) and C (n,r), simple applications. UNIT 5: MATHEMATICAL INDUCTION: Principle of Mathematical Induction and its simple applications.
Integration using trigonometric identities. composite and implicit functions. Evaluation of definite integrals. UNIT 8: LIMIT. logarithmic and exponential functions. CONTINUITY AND DIFFERENTIABILITY: Real . Relation between A. Properties of definite integrals. logarithmic.
UNIT 7: SEQUENCES AND SERIES: Arithmetic and Geometric progressions. Sum upto n terms of special series: Sn. geometric means between two given numbers.M. exponential.valued functions. Applications of derivatives: Rate of change of quantities. Sn2. continuity and differentiability. exponential and logarithmic functions. inverse trigonometric. UNIT 10: DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS:
.derivative. Sn3. Limits. Fundamental integrals involving algebraic. determining areas of the regions bounded by simple curves in standard form. and G. Rolle s and Lagrange s Mean Value Theorems. properties of Binomial coefficients and simple applications. difference. polynomials. inverse functions. Arithmetico Geometric progression. algebra of functions. insertion of arithmetic. product and quotient of two functions.UNIT 6: BINOMIAL THEOREM AND ITS SIMPLE APPLICATIONS: Binomial theorem for a positive integral index. by parts and by partial fractions. rational. Evaluation of simple integrals of the type
Integral as limit of a sum.M. Graphs of simple functions. tangents and normals. general term and middle term. Differentiation of the sum. monotonic increasing and decreasing functions. Fundamental Theorem of Calculus. trigonometric. Maxima and minima of functions of one variable. Integration by substitution. Differentiation of trigonometric. UNIT 9: INTEGRAL CALCULUS: Integral as an anti . trigonometric. derivatives of order upto two.
mode of grouped and ungrouped data. the shortest distance between them and its equation. translation of axes. general form of the equation of a circle. UNIT 12: THREE DIMENSIONAL GEOMETRY: Coordinates of a point in space. equation of the tangent. solution of homogeneous and linear differential equations of the type: dy -. orthocentre and circumcentre of a triangle. their order and degree. section formula. components of a vector in two dimensions and three dimensional space. equation of family of lines passing through the point of intersection of two lines. angle between two intersecting lines. angles between two lines. parallel and perpendicular lines. distance formula. Calculation of standard deviation. points of intersection of a line and a circle with the centre at the origin and condition for a line to be tangent to a circle.Ordinary differential equations. equation of a circle when the end points of a diameter are given. intersection of lines. intersection of a line and a plane. distance between two points.+ p (x) y = q (x) dx UNIT 11: CO-ORDINATE GEOMETRY: Cartesian system of rectangular co-ordinates in a plane. scalar and vector triple product. ellipse and hyperbola) in standard forms. Formation of differential equations. its radius and centre. distance of a point from a line. equations of internal and external bisectors of angles between two lines. Solution of differential equations by the method of separation of variables. Straight lines Various forms of equations of a line. intercepts of a line on the coordinate axes. scalar and vector products. UNIT 13: VECTOR ALGEBRA: Vectors and scalars. equations of conic sections (parabola. Equations of a line and a plane in different forms. conditions for concurrence of three lines. Skew lines. condition for y = mx + c to be a tangent and point (s) of tangency. UNIT 14: STATISTICS AND PROBABILITY: Measures of Dispersion: Calculation of mean. conic sections Standard form of equation of a circle. Circles. slope of a line. variance
. coplanar lines. section formula. Sections of cones. coordinates of centroid. locus and its equation. direction ratios and direction cosines. median. addition of vectors.
and mean deviation for grouped and ungrouped data. converse and contrapositive. Section .time graphs. Newton s Third Law of motion. Probability: Probability of an event. Significant figures. Fundamental and derived units. Uniform and non-uniform motion. Scalar and Vector products. Bernoulli trials and Binomial distribution. Equilibrium of concurrent forces. probability distribution of a random variate. Motion in a straight line: Position-time graph.B contains Practical Component (Experimental Skills) having 20% weightage. Dimensions of Physical quantities. Relative Velocity. Baye s theorem. SECTION A UNIT 1: PHYSICS AND MEASUREMENT Physics. speed and velocity. technology and society.A and B.A pertains to the Theory Part having 80% weightage. Trigonometrical functions. Scalars and Vectors. Impulse.
The syllabus contains two Sections . velocity-time. Law of conservation of linear momentum and its applications. implied by. average speed and instantaneous velocity Uniformly accelerated motion. Understanding of tautology. Inverse trigonometrical functions and their properties. Unit Vector. addition and multiplication theorems of probability. Motion in a plane. Projectile Motion. UNIT 16: MATHEMATICAL REASONING: Statements. Uniform Circular Motion.
. Vector addition and Subtraction. while Section . Heights and Distances. Resolution of a Vector. Least count. or. relations for uniformly accelerated motion. accuracy and precision of measuring instruments. dimensional analysis and its applications. Newton s First Law of motion. Zero Vector. logical operations and. contradiction. position. Errors in measurement. UNIT 2: KINEMATICS Frame of reference. S I units. implies. if and only if. UNIT 3: LAWS OF MOTION Force and Inertia. Momentum. Newton s Second Law of motion. UNIT 15: TRIGONOMETRY: Trigonometrical identities and equations.
Elastic and inelastic collisions in one and two dimensions. work and internal energy. power. Acceleration due to gravity and its variation with altitude and depth. Stokes law. UNIT 8: THERMODYNAMICS Thermal equilibrium.Static and Kinetic friction. Stress-strain relationship. Geo-stationary satellites. Degrees of
. Bernoulli s principle and its applications. Escape velocity. work doneon compressing a gas. kinetic and potential energies. terminal velocity. radius of gyration. modulus of rigidity. angle of contact. streamline and turbulent flow.assumptions. conservation of mechanical energy. UNIT 9: KINETIC THEORY OF GASES Equation of state of a perfect gas. angular momentum. Pascal s law and its applications. Rigid body rotation. parallel and perpendicular axes theorems and their applications. Values of moments of inertia for simple geometrical objects. Potential energy of a spring. change of state. Carnot engine and its efficiency. concept of pressure. UNIT 7: PROPERTIES OF SOLIDS AND LIQUIDS Elastic behaviour.drops. UNIT 4: WORK. conservation of angular momentum and its applications. bulk modulus. temperature. Reynolds number. gravitational potential. Orbital velocity of a satellite. Kinetic energy and temperature: rms speed of gas molecules. zeroth law of thermodynamics. convection and radiation. calorimetry. UNIT 6: GRAVITATION The universal law of gravitation. Dynamics of uniform circular motion: Centripetal force and its applications. application of surface tension . concept of temperature. laws of friction. workenergy theorem. Second law of thermodynamics: reversible and irreversible processes. Centre of mass of a rigid body. Pressure due to a fluid column. Heat transferconduction. torque. First law of thermodynamics. rolling friction. Newton s law of cooling. Kepler s laws of planetary motion. latent heat.Kinetic theory of gases . UNIT 5: ROTATIONAL MOTION Centre of mass of a two-particle system. Young s modulus. equations of rotational motion. specific heat capacity. Viscosity. moment of a force. moment of inertia. conservative and nonconservative forces. Heat. ENERGY AND POWER Work done by a constant force and a variable force. Gravitational potential energy. Surface energy and surface tension. Heat. bubbles and capillary rise. Basic concepts of rotational motion. thermal expansion. Hooke s Law.
combination of cells in series and in parallel. Electric field lines. forced and damped oscillations. fundamental mode and harmonics. Resistances of different materials. Avogadro s number. Drift velocity. V-I characteristics of Ohmic and nonohmic conductors. electric dipole and system of charges. forces between multiple charges. Electric Cell and its Internal resistance. Metre bridge. Periodic functions. Electric dipole. Electrical resistivity. energy in S. Law of equipartition of energy. Mean free path. Equipotential surfaces. UNIT 12: CURRENT ELECTRICITY Electric current. Displacement relation for a progressive wave.H. Wheatstone bridge. Coulomb s law-forces between two point charges.freedom. .applications to specific heat capacities of gases.) and its equation. Torque on a dipole in a uniform electric field. Simple harmonic motion (S. Free. Temperature dependence of resistance.H. Electric flux. UNIT 10: OSCILLATIONS AND WAVES Periodic motion . Electrical potential energy of a system of two point charges in an electrostatic field. Colour code for resistors. uniformly charged infinite plane sheet and uniformly charged thin spherical shell. Electric field due to a dipole.period. Potentiometer -
. resonance. Electrical energy and power. Electric potential and its calculation for a point charge. Beats. Longitudinal and transverse waves. oscillations of a spring -restoring force and force constant. Wave motion.kinetic and potential energies. Standing waves in strings and organ pipes. Ohm s law. capacitor. reflection of waves. Kirchhoff s laws and their applications. Gauss s law and its applications to find field due to infinitely long uniformly charged straight wire. phase. Conductors and insulators. Series and parallel combinations of resistors. combination of capacitors in series and in parallel. frequency. displacement as a function of time.M. Dielectrics and electric polarization. Doppler effect in sound UNIT 11: ELECTROSTATICS Electric charges: Conservation of charge.M. Principle of superposition of waves. potential difference and emf of a cell. Energy stored in a capacitor. speed of a wave. Electric field: Electric field due to a point charge. capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectric medium between the plates. Simple pendulum derivation of expression for its time period. Electrical resistance. superposition principle and continuous charge distribution.
ELECTROMAGNETIC INDUCTION AND ALTERNATING CURRENTS Electromagnetic induction. power in AC circuits. Deviation and Dispersion of light by a prism. Power of a
. Self and mutual inductance. Lens Formula. Eddy currents. magnetic field lines. wattless current. Electromagnets and permanent magnets.m. Moving coil galvanometer. peak and rms value of alternating current/ voltage.
ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVES Electromagnetic waves and their characteristics. LCR series circuit. ultraviolet. Para-. gamma rays). induced emf and current. infrared. Transverse nature of electromagnetic waves. Force between two parallel current-carrying conductors-definition of ampere. Lenz s Law.magnetic substances.and ferro. dia. Earth s magnetic field and magnetic elements. Alternating currents. microwaves. Force on a moving charge in uniform magnetic and electric fields.
OPTICS Reflection and refraction of light at plane and spherical surfaces. Total internal reflection and its applications. visible. Xrays. waves.
MAGNETIC EFFECTS OF CURRENT AND MAGNETISM Biot .principle and its applications. Applications of e. Hysteresis. Faraday s law. Torque experienced by a current loop in uniform magnetic field. Ampere s law and its applications to infinitely long current carrying straight wire and solenoid. Magnetic susceptibility and permeability. its current sensitivity and conversion to ammeter and voltmeter. Force on a current-carrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field. Bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid. Electromagnetic spectrum (radio waves. Current loop as a magnetic dipole and its magnetic dipole moment. mirror formula. resonance.Savart law and its application to current carrying circular loop. AC generator and transformer. Magnification. Quality factor. Cyclotron. reactance and impedance.
Basic Elements of a Communication System (Block Diagram only) SECTION-B
. radioactive decay law. Photoelectric effect. NOT. mass defect. isobars. solar cell and Zener diode. Transistor as a switch. Diffraction due to a single slit. coherent sources and sustained interference of light. Radioactivity-alpha. Young s double slit experiment and expression for fringe width. Need for modulation. Junction transistor. Hertz and Lenard s observations. binding energy per nucleon and its variation with mass number. UNIT 20: COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS Propagation of electromagnetic waves in the atmosphere. transistor as an amplifier (common emitter configuration) and oscillator. transistor action. diode as a rectifier. Einstein s photoelectric equation. nuclear fission and fusion. UNIT 18: ATOMS AND NUCLEI Alpha-particle scattering experiment. uses of plane polarized light and Polaroids. characteristics of a transistor. Rutherford s model of atom. Combination of thin lenses in contact. Mass-energy relation. Resolving power of microscopes and astronomical telescopes. Logic gates (OR. Bohr model. beta and gamma particles/rays and their properties. Bandwidth of Transmission medium. Polarisation. de Broglie relation. energy levels. Matter waves-wave nature of particle. UNIT 19: ELECTRONIC DEVICES Semiconductors.Lens. Bandwidth of signals. Microscope and Astronomical Telescope (reflecting and refracting) and their magnifyingpowers. plane polarized light. I-V characteristics of LED. width of central maximum. UNIT 17: DUAL NATURE OF MATTER AND RADIATION Dual nature of radiation. Brewster s law. Interference. isotopes. particle nature of light. Wave optics: wavefront and Huygens principle. NAND and NOR). semiconductor diode: I-V characteristics in forward and reverse bias. photodiode. Zener diode as a voltage regulator. DavissonGermer experiment. hydrogen spectrum. AND. Laws of reflection and refraction using Huygen s principle. atomic masses. Composition and size of nucleus. Sky and space wave propagation. isotones. Amplitude and Frequency Modulation.
and (iii) Convex lens using parallax method. 6. Resistivity of the material of a given wire using metre bridge.mass of a given object by principle of moments. Young s modulus of elasticity of the material of a metallic wire. 11. Resistance and figure of merit of a galvanometer by half deflection method. 18. Transistor. 5. (ii) Determination of internal resistance of a cell. CHEMISTRY SECTION-A
. Potentiometer (i) Comparison of emf of two primary cells. IC. LED. Plot of angle of deviation vs angle of incidence for a triangular prism. Surface tension of water by capillary rise and effect of detergents. Metre Scale . 12. 9. 22. Characteristic curves of a p-n junction diode in forward and reverse bias. Speed of sound in air at room temperature using a resonance tube. Capacitor from mixed collection of such items. Characteristic curves of a transistor and finding current gain and voltage gain. Identification of Diode. Simple Pendulum-dissipation of energy by plotting a graph between square of amplitude and time. Plotting a cooling curve for the relationship between the temperature of a hot body and time. 21. Refractive index of a glass slab using a travelling microscope. Using multimeter to: (i) Identify base of a transistor (ii) Distinguish between npn and pnp type transistor (iii) See the unidirectional flow of current in case of a diode and an LED. Vernier callipers-its use to measure internal and external diameter and depth of a vessel. 14. 2. 8. Resistance of a given wire using Ohm s law. 10. Co-efficient of Viscosity of a given viscous liquid by measuring terminal velocity of a given spherical body. Specific heat capacity of a given (i) solid and (ii) liquid by method of mixtures. 15. 3. Focal length of: (i) Convex mirror (ii) Concave mirror. 7. transistor or IC). Characteristic curves of a Zener diode and finding reverse break down voltage. 13. 17. Resistor. (iv) Check the correctness or otherwise of a given electronic component (diode.UNIT 21:
EXPERIMENTAL SKILLS Familiarity with the basic approach and observations of the experiments and activities: 1. 20. 19. 4. Screw gauge-its use to determine thickness/diameter of thin sheet/wire. 16.
bcc and hcp lattices).vapour pressure. Bohr model of hydrogen atom . shapes of s. limitations of Bohr s model. packing in solids (fcc. S. liquefaction of gases. precision and accuracy. Graham s law of diffusion. Heisenberg uncertainty principle. electron spin and spin quantum number.Boyle s law. significant figures. Elementary ideas of quantum mechanics. Concept of atom. Charle s law. viscosity and surface tension and effect of temperature on them (qualitative treatment only). Chemical equations and stoichiometry. Concept of average. element and compound. magnetic and dielectric properties. Atomic and molecular masses. Kinetic theory of gases (only postulates).I. proton and neutron). Ideal gas equation.PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY
UNIT 1: SOME BASIC CONCEPTS IN CHEMISTRY Matter and its nature. mole concept. ionic. Avogadro s law. Liquid State: Properties of liquids . Nature of electromagnetic radiation. Electrical. concept of atomic orbitals as one electron wave functions. calculations involving unit cell parameters. Pauli s exclusion principle and Hund s rule. Dalton s law of partial pressure.
. imperfection in solids. * and *2. Concept of Absolute scale of temperature. UNIT 2: STATES OF MATTER Classification of matter into solid. covalent and metallic solids. empirical and molecular formulae. deviation from Ideal behaviour. Units. Variation of * and * 2 with r for 1s and 2s orbitals. de-Broglie s relationship. Real gases. extra stability of halffilled and completely filled orbitals. Dalton s atomic theory. liquid and gaseous states. Thomson and Rutherford atomic models and their limitations. critical constants. electronic configuration of elements. Spectrum of hydrogen atom. percentage composition. Solid State: Classification of solids: molecular. molecule. Laws of chemical combination. compressibility factor. Gas laws . UNIT 3: ATOMIC STRUCTURE Discovery of sub-atomic particles (electron. dimensional analysis. various quantum numbers (principal. its important features.its postulates. Gaseous State: Measurable properties of gases. derivation of the relations for energy of the electron and radii of the different orbits. root mean square and most probable velocities. photoelectric effect. angular momentum and magnetic quantum numbers) and their significance. Unit cell and lattices. voids. quantum mechanical model of atom. Rules for filling electrons in orbitals aufbau principle. molar mass. Physical quantities and their measurements in Chemistry. amorphous and crystalline solids (elementary idea). Bragg s Law and its applications. p and d orbitals. van der Waals equation. Dual nature of matter.
bond length and bond energy. Elementary idea of metallic bonding.Spontaneity of processes. ionization and solution. antibonding). formation. Molecular Orbital Theory .gas and solid . Ionic Bonding: Formation of ionic bonds. Colligative properties of dilute solutions . Resonance. heat capacity.molality. atomization. molarity.Its important features. Quantum mechanical approach to covalent bonding: Valence bond theory . First law of thermodynamics . factors affecting the formation of ionic bonds. general characterics of equilibrium involving physical processes. percentage (by volume and mass both). concept of bond order. mole fraction. Equilibria involving chemical processes: Law of chemical equilibrium. van t Hoff factor and its significance.UNIT 4: CHEMICAL BONDING AND MOLECULAR STRUCTURE Kossel . vapour pressure . DS of the universe and DG of the system as criteria for spontaneity. p and d orbitals. heat internal energy and enthalpy.gas equilibria. types of molecular orbitals (bonding.Its important features.Ideal and non-ideal solutions. UNIT 5: CHEMICAL THERMODYNAMICS Fundamentals of thermodynamics: System and surroundings. liquid .relative lowering of vapour pressure. UNIT 7: EQUILIBRIUM Meaning of equilibrium. elevation of boiling point and osmotic pressure. state functions. types of processes. depression of freezing point. concept of ionic and covalent bonds. Second law of thermodynamics.
. extensive and intensive properties. concept of dynamic equilibrium. hydration. Henry s law. phase transition. Enthalpies of bond dissociation. Hydrogen bonding and its applications. calculation of lattice enthalpy. DGo (Standard Gibbs energy change) and equilibrium constant.composition. concept of hybridization involving s.Lewis approach to chemical bond formation. vapour pressure of solutions and Raoult s Law . Abnormal value of molar mass. Fajan s rule.Concept of work. sublimation. Determination of molecular mass using colligative properties. dipole moment. sigma and pi-bonds. Covalent Bonding: Concept of electronegativity. combustion. Hess s law of constant heat summation. UNIT 6: SOLUTIONS Different methods for expressing concentration of solution . LCAOs. molar heat capacity. plots for ideal and non-ideal solutions. Equilibria involving physical processes: Solid -liquid. Valence Shell Electron Pair Repulsion (VSEPR) theory and shapes of simple molecules. molecular orbital electronic configurations of homonuclear diatomic molecules.
lyophobic. adsorption from solutions. hydrolysis of salts and pH of their solutions. Dry cell and lead accumulator.
. ionization of water.Homogeneous and heterogeneous. UNIT 8: REDOX REACTIONS AND ELECTROCHEMISTRY Electronic concepts of oxidation and reduction. factors affecting equilibrium concentration. Brownian movement.Physisorption and chemisorption and their characteristics. Corrosion and its prevention. balancing of redox reactions. UNIT 9: CHEMICAL KINETICS Rate of a chemical reaction. Relationship between cell potential and Gibbs energy change. enzyme catalysis and its mechanism. temperature.distinction among true solutions. colloids and suspensions.lyophilic.cell and cell reactions. activation energy and its calculation. specific and molar conductivities and their variation with concentration: Kohlrausch s law and its applications. their characteristics and half . coagulation and flocculation. rate constant and its units.Tyndall effect. macromolecular and associated colloids (micelles). Catalysis . buffer solutions.Arrhenius theory. elementary and complex reactions. preparation and properties of colloids . common ion effect.lives. ionization of electrolytes. redox reactions. acid . electrophoresis. order and molecularity of reactions. Colloidal state .Electrolytic and Galvanic cells.equilibrium constants (Kp and Kc) and their significance. different types of electrodes. Ionic equilibrium: Weak and strong electrolytes. solubility of sparingly soluble salts and solubility products. pH scale. pressure and catalyst. electrode potentials including standard electrode potential. effect of catalyst. effect of temperature on rate of reactions . significance of DG and DGo in chemical equilibria. activity and selectivity of solid catalysts. Eectrolytic and metallic conduction. Le Chatelier s principle. half . Br?nsted Lowry and Lewis) and their ionization. Electrochemical cells . dialysis. rate law. Fuel cells. collision theory of bimolecular gaseous reactions (no derivation). UNIT 10: SURFACE CHEMISTRY Adsorption.base equilibria (including multistage ionization) and ionization constants. multi molecular. temperature. conductance in electrolytic solutions.Freundlich and Langmuir adsorption isotherms. Nernst equation and its applications. differential and integral forms of zero and first order reactions. various concepts of acids and bases (Arrhenius. rules for assigning oxidation number. classification of colloids . pressure. factors affecting adsorption of gases on solids . oxidation number. emf of a Galvanic cell and its measurement. factors affecting the rate of reactions: concentration.
BLOCK ELEMENTS Group . K.
S .Emulsions and their characteristics. diagonal relationships. minerals.BLOCK ELEMENTS (ALKALI AND ALKALINE EARTH METALS) Group . reactions and uses of hydrogen peroxide.concentration. Zn and Fe. Industrial uses of lime. Cu. Structure.
GENERAL PRINCIPLES AND PROCESSES OF ISOLATION OF METALS Modes of occurrence of elements in nature. electron gain enthalpy. Plaster of Paris and cement. limestone. oxidation states and chemical reactivity. sodium chloride.
HYDROGEN Position of hydrogen in periodic table. ores. Mg and Ca. Thermodynamic and electrochemical principles involved in the extraction of metals. SECTION-B INORGANIC CHEMISTRY
CLASSIFICATON OF ELEMENTS AND PERIODICITY IN PROPERTIES Modem periodic law and present form of the periodic table.ionic. preparation.sodium carbonate. preparation. Biological significance of Na. valence. Classification of hydrides .1 and 2 Elements General introduction. Physical and chemical properties of water and heavy water.
P . p. properties and uses of hydrogen. isotopes. s. steps involved in the extraction of metals . and electrolytic methods) and refining with special reference to the extraction of Al. Hydrogen as a fuel. electronic configuration and general trends in physical and chemical properties of elements.13 to Group 18 Elements General Introduction: Electronic configuration and general trends in physical and chemical properties of elements across the periods and down the groups. ionization enthalpy. periodic trends in properties of elementsatomic and ionic radii. Preparation and properties of some important compounds . anomalous properties of the first element of each group. reduction (chemical. unique behaviour of the first element in each group. d and f block elements. covalent and interstitial.
. sodium hydroxide and sodium hydrogen carbonate.
15 Properties and uses of nitrogen and phosphorus. chelation. . properties and uses of boron and aluminium. structure and uses of ammonia. magnetic properties.physical properties. . properties. general trends in properties of the first row transition elements . electronic configuration.16 Preparation.Groupwise study of the p
block elements Group . Structure. catalytic behaviour. silicon tetrachloride. boric acid. Allotrophic forms of phosphorus. Structure. chemical reactivity and lanthanoid contraction. . aluminium chloride and alums. Werner s theory.13
Preparation. Allotropic forms of sulphur. properties and uses of borax. boron trifluoride. Structures of Interhalogen compounds and oxides and oxoacids of halogens. silicates. .14 Tendency for catenation. colour. ligands. atomic radii. structures and uses of dioxygen and ozone. properties. Structures of oxides and oxoacids of nitrogen and phosphorus. alloy formation. Preparation. IUPAC nomenclature of mononuclear co-ordination compounds. Preparation. oxidation states. Structures of fluorides and oxides of xenon. zeolites and silicones.Electronic configuration. Actinoids . Preparation. oxidation states. ionization enthalpy. isomerism.Electronic configuration and oxidation states. Bonding-Valence
. properties and uses of chlorine and hydrochloric acid. nitric acid. Inner Transition Elements Lanthanoids . PCl5). Trends in the acidic nature of hydrogen halides. -18 Occurrence and uses of noble gases. diborane. phosphine and phosphorus halides. interstitial compounds. sulphuric acid (including its industrial preparation). (PCl3. coordination number. properties and uses of allotropes and oxides of carbon. properties. UNIT 17: CO-ORDINATION COMPOUNDS Introduction to co-ordination compounds.
Transition Elements General introduction. denticity. structures and uses of sulphur dioxide. complex formation. properties and uses of K2Cr2O7 and KMnO4. occurrence and characteristics.17 Preparation. Structures of oxoacids of sulphur.
harmful effects and prevention. Stratospheric pollution... Quantitative analysis (basic principles only) . hydrogen. fumes.Formation and breakdown of ozone. dust. differential extraction and chromatography .Homolytic and heterolytic: free radicals. smog.Detection of nitrogen. distillation. depletion of ozone layer . Particulate pollutants: Smoke. Water Pollution . hydrocarbons. their harmful effects and prevention. Electronic displacement in a covalent bond .principles and their applications.hybridization (s and p). Numerical problems in organic quantitative analysis.
SOME BASIC PRINCIPLES OF ORGANIC CHEMISTRY Tetravalency of carbon.bond approach and basic ideas of Crystal field theory. nitrogen and sulphur.Major pollutants such as: Pesticides (insecticides. their harmful effects and prevention. harmful effects and prevention.Tropospheric and stratospheric Tropospheric pollutants .Atmospheric.and those containing halogens. UNIT 18: ENVIRONMENTAL CHEMISTRY Environmental pollution . halogens. Isomerism . Section-C Organic Chemistry
PURIFICATION AND CHARACTERISATION OF ORGANIC COMPOUNDS Purification .C = C . Classification of organic compounds based on functional groups: .
. Strategies to control environmental pollution. Acid rain. . electrophiles and nucleophiles. water and soil. Calculations of empirical formulae and molecular formulae. extraction of metals and in biological systems). Green house effect and Global warming. stability of carbocations and free radicals.Gaseous pollutants: Oxides of carbon. Atmospheric pollution . oxygen. colour and magnetic properties. electromeric effect. pathogens. Qualitative analysis . Importance of co-ordination compounds (in qualitative analysis.Estimation of carbon. Soil pollution . sulphur. sulphur. phosphorus and halogens.Major pollutants such as. organic wastes and chemical pollutants. resonance and hyperconjugation.Crystallization. Homologous series. nitrogen. nitrogen and sulphur. their sources. Nomenclature (Trivial and IUPAC) Covalent bond fission . herbicides and fungicides). phosphorus.Inductive effect.C ? C . mist. carbocations and carbanions.structural and stereoisomerism. Shapes of simple molecules .its mechanism and effects. their sources. sublimation.
Common types of organic reactions . Addition of hydrogen. Friedel Craft s alkylation and acylation.Conformations: Sawhorse and Newman projections (of ethane). UNIT 21: HYDROCARBONS Classification. Ethers: Structure.Acidic character. relative reactivities of aldehydes and ketones. Mechanisms of substitution reactions. CARBOXYLIC ACIDS Acidic strength and factors affecting it. Reimer . Alkynes . mechanism of dehydration. freons and DDT. and polymerization. reactions and uses.Nomenclature. Important reactions such as . hydrogen halides (Markownikoff s and peroxide effect). Haloform reaction. halogens. acidity of ? hydrogen. Nature of C-X bond. electrophilic substitution reactions: halogenation. water. Alkanes . Environmental effects of chloroform.Geometrical isomerism. Cannizzaro reaction. NH3 and its derivatives).Substitution. properties. Mechanism of electrophilic substitution: halogenation. PHENOLS AND ETHERS Alcohols: Identification of primary. Aromatic hydrocarbons . halogens. Uses. Aldehyde and Ketones: Nature of carbonyl group. oxidation. Grignard reagent. nitration. UNIT 23: ORGANIC COMPOUNDS CONTAINING OXYGEN General methods of preparation. aldol condensation. water and hydrogen halides. UNIT 22: ORGANIC COMPOUNDS CONTAINING HALOGENS General methods of preparation.Tiemann reaction. addition. properties and reactions. ALCOHOLS.Nucleophilic addition reactions (addition of HCN. reactions and uses. isomerism. Chemical tests to distinguish between aldehydes and Ketones. Polymerization. Ozonolysis.
. iodoform. benzene . elimination and rearrangement. Mechanism of electrophilic addition: addition of hydrogen. Nucleophilic addition to >C=O group. reduction (Wolff Kishner and Clemmensen). Phenols: Acidic nature. secondary and tertiary alcohols.structure and aromaticity. general methods of preparation. Alkenes . oxidation. properties and reactions. directive influence of functional group in mono-substituted benzene. nitration and sulphonation. IUPAC nomenclature. Mechanism of halogenation of alkanes. UNIT 24: ORGANIC COMPOUNDS CONTAINING NITROGEN General methods of preparation. properties.
antihistamins . polyester and bakelite. UNIT 26: BIO MOLECULES General introduction and importance of biomolecules. enzymes. PROTEINS .
. maltose) and polysaccharides (starch. CARBOHYDRATES . Proteins: primary.Classification and functions. lactose. potash alum.Preservatives. oxalic-acid vs KMnO4.their meaning and common examples. Organic compounds: Acetanilide. classification. basic character and identification of primary. Mohr s salt vs KMnO4.Acids bases and the use of indicators.Analgesics. NUCLEIC ACIDS . nylon. carboxyl and amino groups in organic compounds. glycogen). structure.Classification: aldoses and ketoses. tranquilizers. denaturation of proteins. antibiotics.polythene. copolymerization. iodoform. p-nitroacetanilide. Cleansing agents . cleansing action. UNIT 27: CHEMISTRY IN EVERYDAY LIFE Chemicals in medicines .Amines: Nomenclature. aniline yellow. Detection of the following functional groups: hydroxyl (alcoholic and phenolic).amino acids. some important polymers with emphasis on their monomers and uses . secondary and tertiary amines and their basic character. artificial sweetening agents common examples. UNIT 28: PRINCIPLES RELATED TO PRACTICAL CHEMISTRY Detection of extra elements (N. Chemicals in food . antifertility drugs. monosaccharides (glucose and fructose). Diazonium Salts: Importance in synthetic organic chemistry. general methods of polymerization . constituent monosaccharides of oligosacchorides (sucrose. Chemistry involved in the preparation of the following: Inorganic compounds: Mohr s salt. Natural and synthetic rubber and vulcanization.S.Chemical constitution of DNA and RNA. Biological functions of nucleic acids.Elementary Idea of ? .Soaps and detergents. polypeptides. tertiary and quaternary structure (qualitative idea only). antimicrobials. antiseptics. peptide bond. Chemistry involved in the titrimetric excercises . halogens) in organic compounds. secondary. cellulose. disinfectants. antacids. VITAMINS . carbonyl (aldehyde and ketone).addition and condensation. UNIT 25: POLYMERS General introduction and classification of polymers.
S2-. Mg2+. street scenes. Buildings. Creating two dimensional and three dimensional compositions using given shapes and forms. building forms and elements. plants etc. Enthalpy of solution of CuSO4 2. rotation. NO2-. Zn2+. Fe3+. different sides of three dimensional objects.) Objects. Sketching of scenes and activities from memory of urbanscape (public space. I.ARCH. Anions. Kinetic study of reaction of iodide ion with hydrogen peroxide at room temperature. 3.
. Ca2+. Visualising.PLANNING
Awareness of persons.Pb2+ . gardens. NH4+. Br. NO3-. places.Chemical principles involved in the qualitative salt analysis: Cations . Cu2+. AI3+. market.CO32-. Analytical Reasoning Mental Ability (Visual. harmony and contrast. elevations and 3 D views of objects. tre es. monuments. erasers and colour pencils and crayons for the Aptitude Test. Numerical and Verbal). Ba2+.) and rural life. Preparation of lyophilic and lyophobic sols./B. Ni2+. colour texture. development of surfaces and volumes. recreational spaces etc. CI-. Enthalpy of neutralization of strong acid and strong base. own geometry box set. jungles.perception: Understanding and appreciation of scale and proportion of objects. Transformation of forms both 2 D and 3 D union. (Insoluble salts excluded). Texture related to Architecture and build~environment. substraction. Chemical principles involved in the following experiments: 1. SO42-. Visualising three dimensional objects from two dimensional drawings. festivals. Three dimensional . Design and drawing of geometrical or abstract shapes and patterns in pencil. Materials. SYLLABUS FOR APTITUDE TEST B. landscape (river fronts. Candidates are advised to bring pencils. . 4.). Generation of Plan.