© All Rights Reserved

0 views

© All Rights Reserved

- Fluid Mechanics
- 5e lesson plan
- Physics Buoyancy and Pressure: Study Problems
- Casing Attachment Equipment
- FLOTATION- Boat Builders Handbook
- fluid static
- Buoyancy _ Advance Engineering Mathematics Review.pdf
- 2012규정집
- paper on non-linear restoring forces of an offshore platform - ahmed islam
- fusion-3-sow-p2
- 1.1 Quantities
- Class4 Question & Answers Ship Const
- Variation
- 9
- CHAPTER 5
- FLUID MECHANICS.docx
- Chapter 3 P2 Intensive 2010
- DK2892_ap04
- Chapter27_Fluid Statics_v05.pdf
- Lecture 3

You are on page 1of 4

In our common experience we know that wooden objects float on water, but a small needle

of iron sinks into water. This means that a fluid exerts an upward force on a body which is

immersed fully or partially in it

Buoyant force is an upward force that fluids exerts on any object that is placed

in them. The ability of fluids to exert this force is called buoyancy. What explains

buoyant force? A fluid exerts pressure in all directions, but the pressure is greater

at greater depth. Therefore, the fluid below an object, where the fluid is deeper,

exerts greater pressure on the object than the fluid above it. You can see in

the Figure below how this works. Buoyant force explains why the girl pictured

above can float in water.

The buoyant force acting on floating and submerged objects can be estimated by employing

hydrostatic principle.

With reference to figure(#), consider a fluid element of area dAH . The net upward force

acting on the fluid element is

dFB ( P2 P1 )dAH

w h2 h1 dAH

This result shows that the buoyant force acting on the object is equal to the weight of the

fluid it displaces.

Center of Buoyancy

The line of action of the buoyant force on the object is called the center of buoyancy. To

find the centre of buoyancy, moments about an axis OO can be taken and equated to the

moment of the resultant forces. The equation gives the distance to the centeroid to the

object volume.

The centeroid of the displaced volume of fluid is the centre of buoyancy, which, is

applicable for both submerged and floating objects. This principle is known as the

Archimedes principle which states:

“A body immersed in a fluid experiences a vertical buoyant force which is equal to the

weight of the fluid displaced by the body and the buoyant force acts upward through the

centroid of the displaced volume”.

As shown in figure an object floats at an interface between two immiscible fluids of density

1 and 2 .

The buoyant force FB is

n

i g displaced volume

1 i

where dV1 and dV2 are the volumes of fluid element submerged in fluid 1 and 2

respectively. The centre of buoyancy can be estimated by summing moments of the

buoyant forces in each fluid volume displaced.

When a body is partially submerged in a liquid, with the remainder in contact with air (as

shown in figure), the buoyant force of the body can also be computed using equation (…).

Since the specific weight of the air (11.8 N / m3 ) is negligible as compared with the

specific weight of the liquid (for example specific weight of water is 9800 kN / m3 ),we

can neglect the weight of displaced air. Hence, equation (….) becomes

= The weight of the liquid displaced by the body.

The buoyant force acts at the centre of the buoyancy which coincides with the centeroid of

the volume of liquid displaced.

Stability

Floating or submerged bodies such as boats, ships etc. are sometime acted upon by certain

external forces. Some of the common external forces are wind and wave action, pressure

due to river current, pressure due to maneuvering a floating object in a curved path, etc.

These external forces cause a small displacement to the body which may overturn it. If a

floating or submerged body, under action of small displacement due to any external force,

is overturn and then capsized, the body is said to be in unstable. Otherwise, after imposing

such a displacement the body restores its original position and this body is said to be in

stable equilibrium. Therefore, in the design of the floating/submerged bodies the stability

analysis is one of major criteria.

Consider a body fully submerged in a fluid in the case shown in figure (….) of which the

center of gravity (CG) of the body is below the centre of buoyancy. When a small angular

displacement is applied a moment will generate and restore the body to its original position;

the body is stable.

However if the CG is above the centre of buoyancy an overturning moment rotates the

body away from its original position and thus the body is unstable. Note that as the body

is fully submerged, the shape of the displaced fluid remains the same when the body is

tilted. Therefore the centre of buoyancy in a submerged body remains unchanged.

- Fluid MechanicsUploaded byNikhil Singla
- 5e lesson planUploaded byapi-289454387
- Physics Buoyancy and Pressure: Study ProblemsUploaded byTony Hue
- Casing Attachment EquipmentUploaded byDoni Kurniawan
- FLOTATION- Boat Builders HandbookUploaded byArun Prasad
- fluid staticUploaded byIsmoyo Jati Kusumo
- Buoyancy _ Advance Engineering Mathematics Review.pdfUploaded byimrancenakk
- 2012규정집Uploaded byHye Bin Cho
- paper on non-linear restoring forces of an offshore platform - ahmed islamUploaded byapi-309687389
- fusion-3-sow-p2Uploaded byMuhammad Motawea
- 1.1 QuantitiesUploaded byKok S. Mai
- Class4 Question & Answers Ship ConstUploaded byNarine
- VariationUploaded bysweetheart barrion
- 9Uploaded byMohammed Ayaz
- CHAPTER 5Uploaded byImelda Nyaun
- FLUID MECHANICS.docxUploaded byParamvir Gulia
- Chapter 3 P2 Intensive 2010Uploaded byriesya1206
- DK2892_ap04Uploaded byManuel Novo
- Chapter27_Fluid Statics_v05.pdfUploaded byFernando Arruda
- Lecture 3Uploaded bySorna Kailash
- 3-4-Sem-Syllabus-Civil-2015-2016Uploaded byKrishnaMurthyTP
- AGE 204Uploaded byUsman Samuel Babalola
- Realising a Floating CityUploaded byPuneet Kaura
- CXC Physics ReviewUploaded byXiaona Chen
- ce syllabus s-13 iii - viii semUploaded byapi-279049687
- Fluids SolutionsUploaded byFaisal
- Well interventionUploaded byJosue Emmanuel Blasquez Contreras
- JOB MIXUploaded byMohd. Rizki Novianto 1707111251
- l1materialsthatfloatandsink-170610071459.pdfUploaded byRoxanne Agbisit Asuncion
- 1.pdfUploaded byReiner V. Bughaw

- Pipe ComparativeUploaded bysohail paracha
- GOOD METULURGYUploaded bysohail paracha
- Research Problem discussed by researcher.docxUploaded bysohail paracha
- Calculation for labUploaded bysohail paracha
- lab report triffilliarC.pdfUploaded bysohail paracha
- Importance of sprinklers.xlsxUploaded bysohail paracha
- for word convert.pdfUploaded bysohail paracha
- feasibility energy report for an island.docxUploaded bysohail paracha
- GO16XLCH02GRADER2EHW_-_Plants_12_Instructions.docxUploaded bysohail paracha
- Best Alternative to a Negotiated Agreement (BATNA) WorksheetUploaded bysohail paracha
- Proposed Sustainable Urban Mobility Transportation Plan Ass 4Uploaded bysohail paracha
- Great bookUploaded bysohail paracha
- MECH 3340 Semester Project Phase 2(1)Uploaded bysohail paracha
- Importance of sprinklers.xlsxUploaded bysohail paracha
- te_981_prn (1).pdfUploaded bysohail paracha
- Keyway-and-Key-Size-Dimensions.pdfUploaded byNhk Tok
- gearUploaded byjillianix
- Plate and Frame Heat ExchangersUploaded byAndrés Ramón Linares
- Pump Sizing and Calculations for Thermal Power PlantUploaded bysohail paracha
- pv3 -Goulds_Vertical_Reader.pdfUploaded bybruher
- Circulating water pump calculation.pdfUploaded byponmanikandan1
- West Street Video PlansUploaded bysohail paracha
- Importance of SprinklersUploaded bysohail paracha
- 9783662484159-c2Uploaded byC V CHANDRASHEKARA
- Lagrange Seq NsUploaded byomid
- Lab Assignment#7 EDCUploaded bysohail paracha

- NIST.TN.1863-2Uploaded byArdian E Pratama
- Analysis of Bearing Capacity Shallow FoundationUploaded bygreenwallet
- SOR Volume 2 BuildingUploaded bypankajsamiksha
- Syllabus Hydraulics iUploaded byDiego Garfias
- MSE Walls for Support of Highway BridgesUploaded bytalaati
- Sistema ImsUploaded byMicaela Barrionuevo
- rectangular tank calculation roarks formulasUploaded byInamullah Khan
- AISC 360 10 Example 001Uploaded byDavid Gutierrez
- M3D Validation ReportUploaded byVasanth Kumar
- Bridge DesignsUploaded bySanjewa Fernando
- 352R_91Uploaded byDIDIER ANGEL LOPEZ RINCON
- 288713895-Detail-Tulangan-Spun-pile.pdfUploaded byDhimas surya negara
- 6B-2-10Uploaded bygeop74
- Aashto Seismic Design GuidelinesUploaded byshakirhamid6687
- How to Design a Transfer Floor.pdfUploaded byAshwin B S Rao
- List of Codes of Petroleum by James Zhang 2006 12 05(ENG)Uploaded byFreitt Freitas
- EarthquakeUploaded byReshma Mukthar
- waterpipe-v1Uploaded byidigiti
- Hydraulics ManualUploaded byjos2001
- DS13-1Uploaded byelisban
- UNIT-3-FME1202Uploaded byMuthuvel M
- Critical Gradients for Tailings Dam DesignUploaded byMargarita Caceres
- Port Works Design Manual Part 3.pdfUploaded byhessian123
- Shotcrete WorkmanshipUploaded byDiego Canal
- Bearing Capacity VesicUploaded byZhenhe Song
- The hanging basket stress calculation and stability analysis during cantilever constructionUploaded byAnonymous 7VPPkWS8O
- Hydro GraphUploaded byWilliam Wong
- Folded plate structureUploaded byPriyanjita Adhikari
- Non Newtonian FluidsUploaded byvladimir3o
- Concrete Repair F-92 Protection SystemUploaded bymcwong_98