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Effiziente Propulsion mit Voith Schneider

Propellern
Dirk Jürgens
Innovationen bei Schiffsantrieben, Hamburg, 13.9.2007
Future Voith Water Tractor Development
Using Sophisticated Simulation Models

Topics
• The Principle of the VSP and the VWT
• Simulation models
– Ship Motion Simulator
– CFD
– Numerical Optimisation
• Results
– Slotted Guard
– Voith Roll Stabilisation (VRS)
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– Voith Turbo Fin (VTF)


– VWT “T – Class”
• Conclusion
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Voith Water Tractor


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Voith Water Tractor


Voith Water Tractor

Characteristics of the Tractor concept

1 VSP under head 5


of the ship
2 nozzle plate
3 stabilizing fin 4
under after ship
4 towing gear
5 central wheel
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house

3 1
2
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CYCLOIDAL PROPULSOR

KINEMATICAL PRINCIPLE
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Future Voith Water Tractor Development
Using Sophisticated Simulation Models

Topics
• The Principle of the VSP and the VWT
• Simulation models
– Ship Motion Simulator
– CFD
– Numerical Optimisation
• Results
– Slotted Guard
– Voith Roll Stabilisation (VRS)
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– Voith Turbo Fin (VTF)


– VWT “T – Class”
• Conclusion
Voith Ship Simulator (SimFlex)

Assisted ship
bridge

Tug bridge
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Voith Ship Simulator (SimFlex)

• Design support
• Which is the right Vessel size ?
• Which power do I need?
• Development of new steering logic
• Special Training
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Tools for VSP-Enhancement: CFD
Research and Development
CFD-Calculation results

Thrust
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Blade - Rotor - Channel


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Use of optimisation tools
Application of optimization algorithms
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Improvement of by CFD
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VSP with guard


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Comparison Model Tests and CFD

Model test CFD


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Propeller – Hull Interaction
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Propeller – Hull Interaction
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Propeller – Hull Interaction
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Propeller – Hull Interaction
resistance prediction
VSP Svitzer
120

100

80
resisitance [N]

60

40

Exp. SVA
20 CFD Voith
CFD w/o dyn. trim and sinkage

0
9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17
velocity [kn]

10kn 12kn 14.5kn 16kn


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Future Voith Water Tractor Development
Using Sophisticated Simulation Models

Topics
• The Principle of the VSP and the VWT
• Simulation models
– Ship Motion Simulator
– CFD
– Numerical Optimisation
• Results
– Slotted Guard
– Voith Roll Stabilisation (VRS)
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– Voith Turbo Fin (VTF)


– VWT “T – Class”
• Conclusion
VWT Guard
Voith Schneider Propeller with guard
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VWT Slotted Guard
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Slotted guard in real scale
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Slotted guard
Future Voith Water Tractor Development
Using Sophisticated Simulation Models

Topics
• The Principle of the VSP and the VWT
• Simulation models
– Ship Motion Simulator
– CFD
– Numerical Optimisation
• Results
– Slotted Guard
– Voith Roll Stabilisation (VRS)
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– Voith Turbo Fin (VTF)


– VWT “T – Class”
• Conclusion
Voith Roll Stabilisation (VRS) - Mode

M wave - Exciting wave moment


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VSP Thrust

M VSP - Stabilizing Moment by the VSP


Voith Roll Stabilisation (VRS) - Mode

Full scale Test - North Sea: Norderney


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Voith Roll Stabilisation (VRS) - Mode
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Full scale Test - North Sea: Norderney
Rollstabilisierungstests (VRS),
Time in full scale, Hs = 1.5 m
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64.9 % Rollreduction
Rollstabilisierungstests (VRS)
Hs = 1.5 m
Hs 1,5 m; Periode 5.0s; 135° Bowq. seas; VRS on/off

12
Hs 1,5m VRS off
Hs 1,5m VRS on, 100%
9

3
Rollangle [°]

0
190
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-3

-6

-9

64.9 % Rollreduction
-12
0 5 10 15 20 25 30
time [s]
Effect of the guard on seakeeping?
Waves from Starboard: Hs = 1.5 m vship = 10 kn with Bilge Keels

5,5

5
Significant Roll Angle [°]

4,5 with guard

3,5

2,5
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1,5
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Wave Period [s]

with Skeg with Plate with Skeg without Plate


Future Voith Water Tractor Development
Using Sophisticated Simulation Models

Topics
• The Principle of the VSP and the VWT
• Simulation models
– Ship Motion Simulator
– CFD
– Numerical Optimisation
• Results
– Slotted Guard
– Voith Roll Stabilisation (VRS)
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– Voith Turbo Fin (VTF)


– VWT “T – Class”
• Conclusion
Voith Turbo Fin (VTF)

Model Tests VTF


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VSP_2a.avi
Voith Turbo Fin (VTF)
Flow on Fin:

a VTF not rotating


b VTF rotating
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Streamlines
Voith Turbo Fin (VTF)
Model test results

100%
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125%

Steering forces
Voith Turbo Fin
Installation of the VTF
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Voith Turbo Fin (VTF)
Vessel in Drydock
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Future Voith Water Tractor Development
Using Sophisticated Simulation Models

Topics
• The Principle of the VSP and the VWT
• Simulation models
– Ship Motion Simulator
– CFD
– Numerical Optimisation
• Results
– Slotted Guard
– Voith Roll Stabilisation (VRS)
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– Voith Turbo Fin (VTF)


– VWT “T – Class”
• Conclusion
Voith Water Tractor
Future requirements for ship assistance – valid for LNG-
terminals

100 % free running assisted fully controlled


loss of control ability

assistance by tug boats


required
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area of assistance

15 10 5 0 v [kn]

free running, breaking and steering dead ship


self controlled assistance handling
VS 225e
Enhanced LNG-Terminal VWT „T- Class“
Design – Skeg First
FiFi - I
New slotted VSP-guard Secoundary
design with 4 struts Self-tension towing pin
winch

Low main
CFD-optimized A-frame
shiplines for „skeg- Heavy duty
first“ direction fender

Voith Turbo
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FIN VTF-08

High lift NACA-


VSP 32R5-EC/265-2 with VRS 2 Inline Truster ILT 810 profile skeg
Enhanced LNG-Terminal VWT „T – Class“
Dynamic Performances

165 t
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Voith Water Tractor „Baut“
Bukser og Berging A/S, Norway,

DnV – Escort certificate


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Future Voith Water Tractor Development
Using Sophisticated Simulation Models

Topics
• The Principle of the VSP and the VWT
• Simulation models
– Ship Motion Simulator
– CFD
– Numerical Optimisation
• Results
– Slotted Guard
– Voith Roll Stabilisation (VRS)
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– Voith Turbo Fin (VTF)


– VWT “T – Class”
• Conclusion
Conclusions

• Simulation tools (Simulator, CFD, Optimisation) are used to enhance the


VSP and the Voith Water Tractor (VWT)

• The Voith Ship Simulator is used in the design process of VWT


• The VWT has a very good seakeeping behaviour
• The Voith Roll Stabilisation reduces the roll motion of a VWT remarkably
• The VWT “T-Class” can be equipped with VRS, VTF and Inline Thrusters
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• The VWT “T-Class” (LWL = 33m) generates at 8 kn 115 t steering forces,


at 10 kn 165 t
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Next step: CFD - 6 DOF
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