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PEBAX Polyimide

Type of Polymer Rubbery Glassy


Properties  Low to moderate selectivity of CO2  High thermal and chemical resistance
removal from methane  Low permeability but high selectivity d/t
 High flexibility sieving capabilities
 Low mechanical strength  Tough and rigid
 Low separation efficiency  High sorption capacity d/t high free
 Effect of molecular size of the volume
permeating gases on relative mobility is  Favorable for aggressive sour gases
relatively small environment
 Prone to plasticization
Commercially  Kapton, Matrimid, P84
Available
Mechanism Solution-diffusion mechanism  Separate based on difference in size and
 Controlled by gas molecule shape
condensability and interactions with  Diffusivity selectivity dominates gas
functional group of polymer chains as separation d/t rigid structure
well as kinetic parameters (E.g;
Fractional free volume, size of gas
molecules)

 Dominates by solubility selectivity d/t


flexible chain microstructure

Polymer Phase

Conclusion:

Polyimide is selected due to its stability and high permeability towards gases.
Inorganic Fillers

Si-CHA Zeolite Zeolite


Classes  LTA - 4Å and 5Å
 Type X – 13X
Properties  Low diffusivity of H2S due to  Chemically stable in mild acidic environment
interaction with zeolite pore walls.  Highly crystalline
 Able to regenerate
 High affinity towards H2S and CO2 compared to
CH4
 High adsorption energy and characteristic of
adsorbents which contain microporosity
Mechanism  Followed surface diffusion mechanism Separation based on difference in size, shape, affinity
via pores where zeolite adsorb desired and polarity.
gas molecules physically
 H2S physically adsorb on the zeolite CO2/CH4:
surface  CO2 adsorbed into zeolite surface supported by
 High CO2 affinity and diffuse faster inclination of CH4 to escape zeolite framework
compared to CH4  CH4 exhibit less polarity towards zeolite
 Affinity of CO2 reduced at inclined  Hydrophilic zeolite has high affinity towards
temperature polar compound (e.g; CO2)

H2S/CH4:
 H2S capable to from hydrogen bonding via
linkage between oxygen atom from zeolite and
hydrogen atom from H2S
 The formation of hydrogen bonding results high
activation energy for diffusion and energetically
stable in 4Å
 Zeolite has high affinity towards H 2S compared
to CO2.
 Low intermolecular force of CH4 drive out the
molecule from zeolite framework.

Conclusion:

Zeolite 4A is selected considering the kinetic diameter of the structure approximately 4Å, CH4 (3.8Å), H2S
(3.6Å) and CO2 (3.3Å) apart of high affinity and selectivity towards H 2S.