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PEBAX Polyimide

Type of Polymer Rubbery Glassy

Properties  Low to moderate selectivity of CO2  High thermal and chemical resistance
removal from methane  Low permeability but high selectivity d/t
 High flexibility sieving capabilities
 Low mechanical strength  Tough and rigid
 Low separation efficiency  High sorption capacity d/t high free
 Effect of molecular size of the volume
permeating gases on relative mobility is  Favorable for aggressive sour gases
relatively small environment
 Prone to plasticization
Commercially  Kapton, Matrimid, P84
Mechanism Solution-diffusion mechanism  Separate based on difference in size and
 Controlled by gas molecule shape
condensability and interactions with  Diffusivity selectivity dominates gas
functional group of polymer chains as separation d/t rigid structure
well as kinetic parameters (E.g;
Fractional free volume, size of gas

 Dominates by solubility selectivity d/t

flexible chain microstructure

Polymer Phase


Polyimide is selected due to its stability and high permeability towards gases.
Inorganic Fillers

Si-CHA Zeolite Zeolite

Classes  LTA - 4Å and 5Å
 Type X – 13X
Properties  Low diffusivity of H2S due to  Chemically stable in mild acidic environment
interaction with zeolite pore walls.  Highly crystalline
 Able to regenerate
 High affinity towards H2S and CO2 compared to
 High adsorption energy and characteristic of
adsorbents which contain microporosity
Mechanism  Followed surface diffusion mechanism Separation based on difference in size, shape, affinity
via pores where zeolite adsorb desired and polarity.
gas molecules physically
 H2S physically adsorb on the zeolite CO2/CH4:
surface  CO2 adsorbed into zeolite surface supported by
 High CO2 affinity and diffuse faster inclination of CH4 to escape zeolite framework
compared to CH4  CH4 exhibit less polarity towards zeolite
 Affinity of CO2 reduced at inclined  Hydrophilic zeolite has high affinity towards
temperature polar compound (e.g; CO2)

 H2S capable to from hydrogen bonding via
linkage between oxygen atom from zeolite and
hydrogen atom from H2S
 The formation of hydrogen bonding results high
activation energy for diffusion and energetically
stable in 4Å
 Zeolite has high affinity towards H 2S compared
to CO2.
 Low intermolecular force of CH4 drive out the
molecule from zeolite framework.


Zeolite 4A is selected considering the kinetic diameter of the structure approximately 4Å, CH4 (3.8Å), H2S
(3.6Å) and CO2 (3.3Å) apart of high affinity and selectivity towards H 2S.