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75 ms
C. 130 ms
1. It is often claimed that the KU-band (12 GHz) is better than D. 520 ms
the C-band (4
GHz) for TVRO reception because a parabolic antenna of a 13. In a transoceanic satellite conversation, how much is the
given diameter has typical delay before a
higher gain at the higher frequency. Though the gain is reply is heard?
undoubtedly higher, A. 200 ms
what is the difference in path loss to find out if there is really B. 900 ms
a net C. 600 ms
improvement in the signal strength obtain for a given D. 50 ms
receiving antenna?
A. 10.542 dB 15. At what apogee in an elliptical orbit must a
B. 9.542 dB geosynchronous satellite be initially
C. 6.542 dB stationed before it is finally fired into its final geostationary
D. 8. 542 dB orbit?
A. 22,300 miles
3. Calculate the required C/No for a digital satellite link if the B. 10,500 miles
desired Eb/No ratio is C. 50,000 miles
9.6 dB and the bit rate is equal to that of T1 carrier. D. 30,000 miles
A. 61.5 dB
B. 51.5 dB 17. Telephone communications takes place between two
C. 71.5 dB earth stations via a
D. 81.5 dB satellite that is 38,000 km from each earth station. Suppose
Tamyboy, at
5. Calculate the EIRP of a satellite with a TWTA output power station 1, asks a question and Jason, at station 2, answer
of 10 W, the immediately, as soon
satellite antenna gain is 40 dB, and the transmit feeder loss as he hears the question. How much time elapses between
are 1 dB. the end of
A. 49 dB Tamyboy’s question and the beginning of Jason’s reply, as
B. 79 dB hear by Tamyboy?
C. 59 dB A. 253.33 ms
D. 69 dB B. 87.88 ms
C. 158.45 ms
7. What balance the gravitational pull of the earth to allow D. 224.12 ms
the satellite to stay on
its orbit? 19. Calculate the C/No at the earth receiving station, from a
A. Satellite self power satellite transmitting
B. Atmospheric condition an EIRP of 49.5 dBW on a frequency of 12 GHz. The earth
C. Wind velocity station antenna
D. Centripetal force angle of elevation is 7 and the receiving figure of merit is
40.7 dB
9. Determine the EIRP of a satellite used for downlink A. 11.2 dB
transmission required to B. 151.2 dB
produce a C/N ratio of 26 dB at the earth station. The C. 112.5 dB
bandwidth is 36 MHz, D. 100.3 dB
the transmission path loss is 203 dB, and the earth station
receiver feeder loss 21. Calculate the orbital velocity of a satellite located 500 km
is 2 dB. above the earth’s
A. 55.96 dB surface.
B. 88.96 dB A. 3.6 km/s
C. 66.96 dB B. 5.6 km/s
D. 77.96 dB C. 7.6 km/s
D. 9.6 km/s
11. Calculate the propagation delay for a satellite and an
earth station if the angle 23. How many satellites does the GPS system consist?
of elevation is 30. A. 60 satellites
A. 260 ms B. 3 satellites
C. 12 satellites D. SSMA
D. 24 satellites
39. A form of CDMA where a digital code is used to
25. Find the noise temperature of an antenna on a satellite if continually change the
it looks at the earth frequency of the carrier.
(giving it a “sky” noise temperature of 290 K) and is coupled A. Store and Forward
to the reference B. SPADE
plane by a waveguide with loss of 0.3 dB. C. Spread Spectrum D. Frequency Hopping
A. 290 K
B. 310 K 41. The line that connects the apogee and the perigee.
C. 210 K A. line of apsides
D. 300 K B. line of nodes
C. line of gee
27. Sputnik 1 is the first active satellite which transmits D. line of shoot
_____ information.
A. data 43. What is the isotropic receive level (IRL) at an earth
B. weather terminal antenna where the
C. telemetry free -space loss to the associated satellite is 196.4 dB and
D. celestial other link losses are
2.6 dB? The satellite EIRP is + 34 dBW.
29. Calculate the power density in W/m2 as received from a A. -163.4 dBW
10-W satellite source B. -110.6 dBW
that is 22,000 mi away from earth. C. -143.2 dBW
A. 8.77x10-16 W/m2 D. -165 dBW
B. 3.33x10-16 W/m2
C. 1.48x10-16 W/m2 45. Calculate No of a receiving system with a noise
D. 6.35x10-16 W/m2 temperature of 100 K.
A. -123.3 dBW
31. The two factors that keep a satellite in orbits are? B. -208.6 dBW
A. Centrifugal force created by earth’s rotation and satellite C. -39.3 dBW
centrifugal force D. -210.2 dBW
B. Gravitational pull of the earth and satellite velocity
C. Satellite velocity and centrifugal force 47. Referred to as a function and/or a design of a double
D. Gravitational pull of the earth and centripetal force of the conversion satellite.
revolving A. Has individual LNA, HPA, mixer and band pass filter for
satellite each channel
B. Demodulate its up-link signal to recover its baseband
33. In satellite communication what does TTC means? signals and use them
A. Telemetry, Tracking, and Control to remodulate a downlink transmitter
B. Telecommand, Telemetry, and Control C. Equipped with a single mixer that converts all satellite
C. Telecommand, Tracking, and Communication channels within the
D. Telemetry, Telecommand, and Communication bandwidth simultaneously to their downlink frequency
D. Equipped with two mixers
35. Satellite bandwidths are typically ____ wide and are
divided into ____ 49. An area on earth covered by a satellite radio beam.
segments, each _____ wide. A. Footprint
A. 500-MHz, 12, 24-MHz B. Bandwidth
B. 500-MHz, 36, 12-MHz C. Identity
C. 500-MHz, 24, 70-MHz D. Beamwidth
D. 500-MHz, 12, 36-MHz
51. What spatial separation is needed for 72 satellites to be
37. The FDMA technique wherein voice band channels are parked in a
assigned on “as needed” geosynchronous orbit?
basis. A. 7
A. CDMA B. 4
B. DAMA C. 6
C. PAMA D. 5
67. The power level for an earth station to transmit to a
53. Calculate the transmission path loss at vertical incidence satellite is on the order of:
between a A. 101 watts
geostationary satellite and a ground station operating at a B. 102 watts
frequency of 4 GHz, C. 103 watts
allowing 0.04 dB for atmospheric attenuation and 0.1 dB for D. 104 watts
rain attenuation.
A. 155.2 dB 69. "Station-keeping" refers to:
B. 212.5 dB A. antenna maintenance
C. 160.8 dB B. power-level adjustments
D. 195.7 dB C. orbital adjustments
D. antenna alignment
55. In a re-use frequency technique of increasing satellite
channel capacity of 71. LNA stands for:
corresponding transponders, how do you control the antenna A. low-noise amplifier
used to prevent B. low north angle
interference? C. low-noise amplitude
A. Different polarity D. low-noise array
B. Low gain antenna
C. High directional antenna 73. TVRO stands for
D. Different type antenna A. television receive only
B. television repeater only
57. A technique in satellite communications which uses a C. television remote origin
highly directional spotbeam D. television random origin
antenna to prevent interference from frequency sharing.
A. Directional technique 75. What is the first Japanese and Canadian satellite?
B. Beaming technique A. Alouette 1, Explorer 1
C. Spatial isolation technique B. Astérix, Explorer 1
D. Frequency re-use technique C. Osumi, Astérix

59. A point in the satellite orbit known to be the closest D. Osumi, Alouette 1
location to the surface of
the earth.
A. Zenith
B. Azimuth
C. Perigee
D. Apogee

61. The height of the geosynchronous orbit above the

equator is about:
A. 3,578 km
B. 35,780 km
C. 357,800 km
D. depends on satellite velocity

63. The area on the earth that is "covered" by a satellite is

called its:
A. earth station
B. downlink
C. footprint
D. plate

65. An antenna is aimed by adjusting the two "look angles"

A. azimuth and elevation
B. azimuth and declination
C. declination and elevation
D. apogee and perigee