You are on page 1of 25

Linking Words - A complete list of Transition Words & Conjunctions also called Cohesive Devices – Connecting Words

Transition Words and Phrases as a result for consequently

Effect / Result /
Consequence
in the first place again moreover under those circumstances thus therefore
not only ... but also to as well as in that case because the thereupon
for this reason then forthwith
Agreement / Addition / Similarity

as a matter of fact and together with


in like manner also of course henceforth hence accordingly
in addition then likewise
coupled with equally comparatively
in the same fashion / way identically correspondingly although this may be true but although
first, second, third uniquely similarly in contrast (and) still instead

Opposition / Limitation / Contradiction


in the light of like furthermore different from unlike whereas
not to mention as additionally of course ..., but or despite
to say nothing of too on the other hand (and) yet conversely
equally important on the contrary while otherwise
by the same token at the same time albeit however
in spite of besides rather
even so / though as much as nevertheless
be that as it may even though nonetheless
in other words notably in fact then again regardless
to put it differently including in general above all notwithstanding
for one thing like in particular in reality
as an illustration to be sure in detail after all
in this case namely to demonstrate
for this reason chiefly to emphasize
in the event that if in case
Examples / Support / Emphasis

to put it another way truly to repeat


that is to say indeed to clarify granted (that) ... then provided that
with attention to certainly to explain as / so long as unless given that

Cause / Condition / Purpose


by all means surely to enumerate on (the) condition (that) only / even if
for the purpose of when so that
important to realize markedly such as with this intention whenever so as to
another key point especially for example with this in mind since owing to
first thing to remember specifically for instance in the hope that while due to
most compelling evidence expressively to point out to the end that
must be remembered surprisingly with this in mind for fear that because of inasmuch as
point often overlooked frequently in order to as
on the negative side significantly seeing / being that since
on the positives ide in view of while
lest

Linking Words - A complete List - Sorted by categories Freely available from http://www.smart-words.org/ © 2013 Page 1 of 2
Linking Words - A complete list of Transition Words & Conjunctions also called Cohesive Devices – Connecting Words

in the middle here further as can be seen after all overall


to the left/right there beyond generally speaking in fact ordinarily

Conclusion / Summary /
in front of next nearby in the final analysis in summary usually
Space / Location / Place

on this side where wherever all things considered in conclusion by and large

Restatement
in the distance from around as shown above in short to sum up
here and there over before in the long run in brief on the whole
in the foreground near alongside given these points in essence in any event
in the background above amid as has been noted to summarize in either case
in the center of below among in a word on balance all in all
down beneath for the most part altogether
adjacent to up beside
Conjunctions
opposite to under behind
between across than Comparison That Rel.Pro. after Time
rather than what as long as
whether whatever as soon as
as much as which before

Subordinating
at the present time after henceforth whereas whichever by the time
from time to time later whenever now that
sooner or later last eventually though Concession Who Rel.Adj. once
at the same time until meanwhile although whoever since
even though whom till
up to the present time till further
while whomever until
to begin with since during
Time / Chronology / Sequence

whose when
in due time then first, second if Condition where Place whenever
until now before in time only if wherever while
as soon as hence prior to unless
as long as forthwith until how Manner because Reason
provided that as though since
in the meantime when straightaway
assuming that as if so that
in a moment once even if in order (that)
without delay about by the time in case (that) why
in the first place next whenever lest
all of a sudden now
at this instant now that Correlative as . . . as either . . . or what with . . . and
just as . . . so neither . . . nor whether . . . or
immediately formerly instantly both . . . and not only . . . but also
quickly suddenly presently hardly . . . when if . . . then no sooner . . . than
finally shortly occasionally scarcely . . . when not . . . but rather . . . than
Coordinating

F A N B O Y S
For And Nor But Or Yet So
Linking Words - A complete List - Sorted by categories Freely available from http://www.smart-words.org/ © 2013 Page 2 of 2
PAGE 382

39
Irregular verb forms

299 Summary
A regular verb takes the endings s, ed and ing. For example, base form look,
s-form looks, past tense looked, ing-form looking and past/passive participle
looked. For more details, • 58.

List of irregular verbs • 300


Some verbs have ah irregular past tense and participle.
Base form: Did you write the letter?
Past tense: I wrote the letter yesterday.
Past participle: I've written the letter.
We also use the irregular forms after a prefix such as re, un, out, mis.
I've rewritten the letter. He undid the knot.

Special participle forms • 301


Some special participle forms come before a noun.
a drunken riot

300 List of irregular verbs


Base form Past tense Past/passive participle
PAGE 383 300 List of irregular verbs
Base form Past tense Past/passive participle
39 IRREGULAR VERB FORMS PAGE 384

Base form Past tense Past/passive participle


PAGE 385 300 List of irregular verbs
Base form Past tense Past/passive participle
39 IRREGULAR VERB FORMS PAGE 386

Base form Past tense Past/passive participle


PAGE 387 300 List of irregular verbs
Base form Past tense Past/passive participle

NOTE
a For verbs which have forms both in ed and t, e.g. burned / burnt, dream / dreamt, • 303(11).
b Cost as a transitive verb is regular.
They've costed the project. (= estimated the cost)
c The third person singular of do is does
d Fit is usually regular in Britain but irregular in the US.
e In GB the past tense of forbid is forbad or forbade, pronounced . In the US it is
forbade, pronounced
f For the past participle gotten (US), • 303(5d).
g The third person singular of go is goes
For gone and been, • 84(6).
h We use hanged only to talk about hanging a person.
i The third person singular of have is has
j For the difference between lay and lie, • 11 (2) Note b. Lie (= tell an untruth) is regular.
k The third person singular of say is says
1 Shined means 'polished': I've shined my shoes. Compare The sun shone.
m We use sped for movement.
They sped down the hill.
But we say speeded up (= went faster),
n Weave is regular when it expresses movement.
We weaved our way through the traffic.