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Hydraulic System

What is a hydraulic system?

A hydraulic system is a drive technology where
a fluid is used to move the energy from e.g. an
electric motor to an actuator, such as a
hydraulic cylinder. The fluid is theoretically
uncompressible and the fluid path can be
flexible in the same way as an electric cable.
A hydraulic drive system is
a transmission system that uses
pressurized hydraulic fluid to power hydraulic
machinery. The term hydrostatic refers to the
transfer of energy from pressure differences,
not from the kinetic energy of the flow.
A hydraulic drive system consists of three parts:
The generator (e.g. a hydraulic pump), driven
by an electric motor or a combustion engine or
a windmill; valves, filters, piping etc. (to guide
and control the system); and the actuator (e.g.
a hydraulic motor or hydraulic cylinder) to drive
the machinery.

Examples of a Hydraulic System

Hydraulic systems are systems that move
pressurized liquids through confined spaces,
such as pipes and tubes. Many modern
machines and other types of equipment
utilize hydraulic systems, such as cars.

Principle Of Hydraulic System

Pascal's Law, framed by Blaise Pascal, states
that “Pressure applied to any part of a confined
fluid transmits to every other part with no loss.
The pressure acts with equal force on all equal
areas of the confining walls and perpendicular
to the walls." This is the basic principle for
any hydraulic system
Primary Components of Hydraulic Systems
 Hydraulic power pack (featuring Reservoir,
Primary energy source, Hydraulic pump,
Pressure relief valve and pressure
indicator, Filters, Fluid level indicator, Air
 Direction control valve.
 Other control valves.
 Actuator.
 Hoses (fixed and flexible)
How Does a Hydraulic System Work?
Hydraulic systems are made up of numerous
 The reservoir holds hydraulic fluid.
 The hydraulic pump moves the liquid
through the system and converts
mechanical energy and motion into
hydraulic fluid power.
 The electric motor powers the hydraulic
 The valves control the flow of the liquid and
relieve excessive pressure from the system
if needed.
 The hydraulic cylinder converts the
hydraulic energy back into mechanical
There are also numerous types of hydraulic
systems, but each contains the same main
components listed above. They’re also all
designed to work the same way.
Hydraulic systems use the pump to push
hydraulic fluid through the system to create
fluid power. The fluid passes through the valves
and flows to the cylinder where the hydraulic
energy converts back into mechanical energy.
The valves help to direct the flow of the liquid
and relieve pressure when needed.
Hydraulic Systems on Ships
In addition to vehicles and industrial machinery,
hydraulic systems can be found on ships.
Hydraulic systems on ships are used in various
applications. For example, systems used for
cargo systems make carrying heavy materials
and performing other cargo operations easier
and less time consuming.
A ship’s engine room also includes hydraulic
systems such as a hydraulic automatic control
system. These help to regulate valve positions
as well as the pneumatic air pressure in the
engine room.
On top of that, hydraulic systems in a ship’s
stabilizers prevent the vessel from rolling and
ensure a smooth performance across open
Plus many industrial ships include machinery
and tools like deck cranes that are run by
hydraulic systems.