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Recruitment and Selection Process

-joining us
The recruitment and selection process is the most critical future investment and a
decision making process which we engage in attracting the best talent into our
organisation. The selection process consists of several critical steps in ensuring we don’t
only attract the best capacity in the industry, but we provide them with most exciting and
challenging environment to work in.
According to Edwin B. Flippo, recruitment is the process of searching the candidates for
employment and stimulating them to apply for jobs in the organisation”. Recruitment is the
activity that links the employers and the job seekers. A few definitions of recruitment are:
 A process of finding and attracting capable applicants for employment. The process begins
when new recruits are sought and ends when their applications are submitted. The result is a
pool of applications from which new employees are selected.

 It is the process to discover sources of manpower to meet the requirement of staffing

schedule and to employ effective
measures for attracting that manpower in adequate numbers to facilitate effective selection of
an efficient working force.

Recruitment of candidates is the function preceding the selection, which helps create a pool of
prospective employees for the organisation so that the management can select the right
candidate for the right job from this pool. The main objective of the recruitment process is to
expedite the selection process.

Recruitment is a continuous process whereby the firm attempts to develop a pool of qualified
applicants for the future human resources needs even though specific vacancies do not exist.
Usually, the recruitment process starts when a manger initiates an employee requisition for a
specific vacancy or an anticipated vacancy.


i.e. the needs arising from changes in organization and retirement policy.

Anticipated needs are those movements in personnel, which an organization can predict by
studying trends in internal and external environment.

Resignation, deaths, accidents, illness give rise to unexpected needs.

The Purpose and Importance of Recruitment are given below:

 Attract and encourage more and more candidates to apply in the organisation.

 Create a talent pool of candidates to enable the selection of best candidates for the

 Determine present and future requirements of the organization in conjunction with its
personnel planning and job analysis activities.

 recruitment is the process which links the employers with the employees.

 Increase the pool of job candidates at minimum cost.

 Help increase the success rate of selection process by decreasing number of visibly under
qualified or overqualified job applicants.

 Help reduce the probability that job applicants once recruited and selected will leave the
organization only after a short period of time.
 Meet the organizations legal and social obligations regarding the composition of its

 Begin identifying and preparing potential job applicants who will be appropriate candidates.

 Increase organization and individual effectiveness of various recruiting techniques and

sources for all types of job applicants

Recruitment Process
Recruitment Home » Recruitment Process

The recruitment and selection is the major

function of the human resource department
and recruitment process is the first step
towards creating the competitive strength and
the recruitment strategic advantage for the
organisations. Recruitment process involves
a systematic procedure from sourcing the
candidates to arranging and conducting the
interviews and requires many resources and
time. A general recruitment process is as

 Identifying the vacancy:

The recruitment process begins with the
human resource department receiving
requisitions for recruitment from any
department of the company. These contain:

• Posts to be filled
• Number of persons
• Duties to be performed
• Qualifications required

• Preparing the job description and person specification.

• Locating and developing the sources of required number and type of employees
(Advertising etc).

• Short-listing and identifying the prospective employee with required characteristics.

• Arranging the interviews with the selected candidates.

• Conducting the interview and decision making

1. Identify vacancy

2. Prepare job description and person specification

3. Advertising the vacancy

4. Managing the response

5. Short-listing

6. Arrange interviews
7. Conducting interview and decision making

The recruitment process is immediately followed by the selection process i.e. the final
interviews and the decision making, conveying the decision and the appointment formalities.

Sources Of Recruitment
Recruitment Home » Sources Of Recruitment

Every organisation has the option of choosing the

candidates for its recruitment processes from
two kinds of sources: internal and external
sources. The sources within the organisation itself
(like transfer of employees from one department to
other, promotions) to fill a position are known as
the internal sources of recruitment. Recruitment
candidates from all the other sources (like
outsourcing agencies etc.) are known as the
external sources of The recruitment.

Some Internal Sources Of Recruitments are given below:

The employees are transferred from one department to another according to their efficiency and

The employees are promoted from one department to another with more benefits and greater
responsibility based on efficiency and experience.

3. Others are Upgrading and Demotion of present employees according to their performance.

4. Retired and Retrenched employees may also be recruited once again in case of shortage
of qualified personnel or increase in load of work. recruitment such people

save time and costs of the organisations as the people are already aware of the organisational
culture and the policies and procedures.

5. The dependents and relatives of Deceased employees and Disabled employees are also
done by many companies so that the members of the family do not become dependent on the
mercy of others.

External Sources Of Recruitment

Recruitment Home » External Sources Of Recruitment

Advertisements of the vacancy in newspapers
and journals are a widely used source of
recruitment. The main advantage of this
method is that it has a wide reach.

Various management institutes, engineering
colleges, medical Colleges etc. are a good
source of recruiting well qualified executives,
engineers, medical staff etc. They provide
facilities for campus interviews and
placements. This source is known as Campus

Several private consultancy firms perform
recruitment functions on behalf of client
companies by charging a fee. These
agencies are particularly suitable for recruitment of executives and specialists. It is also
known as RPO (Recruitment Process Outsourcing)

Government establishes public employment exchanges throughout the country.
These exchanges provide job information to job seekers and help employers in
identifying suitable candidates.

Manual workers can be recruited through contractors who maintain close contacts
with the sources of such workers. This source is used to recruit labour for
construction jobs.

Many job seekers visit the office of well-known companies on their own. Such callers
are considered nuisance to the daily work routine of the enterprise. But can help in
creating the talent pool or the database of the probable candidates for the


Many organisations have structured system where the current employees of the
organisation can refer their friends and relatives for some position in their
organisation. Also, the office bearers of trade unions are often aware of the
suitability of candidates. Recruitment Management can inquire these leaders for
suitable jobs. In some organizations these are formal agreements to give priority in
recruitment to the candidates recommended by the trade union.


Unskilled workers may be recruited at the factory gate these may be employed
whenever a permanent worker is absent. More efficient among these may be
recruited to fill permanent vacancies.

Factors Affecting Recruitment

Recruitment Home » Factors Affecting Recruitment

The recruitment function of the organisations

is affected and governed by a mix of various
internal and external forces. The internal forces
or factors are the factors that can be controlled
by the organisation. And the external factors
are those factors which cannot be controlled by
the organisation. The internal and external
forces affecting recruitment function of an
organisation are:


Internal Factors Affecting Recruitment
Recruitment Home » Internal Factors Affecting Recruitment

The internal factors or forces which

affecting recruitment and can be controlled
by the organisation are 1. RECRUITMENT
The recruitment policy of an organisation
specifies the objectives of recruitment and
provides a framework for implementation of
recruitment programme. It may involve
organizational system to be developed for
implementing recruitment programmes and
procedures by filling up vacancies with best
qualified people.



• Organizational objectives
• Personnel policies of the organization and its
• Government policies on reservations.
• Preferred sources of recruitment.
• Need of the organization.
• Recruitment costs and financial implications.


Effective human resource planning helps in determining the gaps present in the
existing manpower of the organization. It also helps in determining the number of
employees to be recruited and what qualification they must possess.


The size of the firm is an important factor in recruitment process. If the
organization is planning to increase its operations and expand its business, it will
think of hiring more personnel, which will handle its operations.

Recruitment incur cost to the employer, therefore, organizations try to employ that
source of recruitment which will bear a lower cost of recruitment to the organization
for each candidate.


Organization will employ or think of employing more personnel if it is expanding it’s

The external factors which affecting recruitment are the forces which cannot be
controlled by the organisation. The major external forces are:


The availability of manpower both within and outside the organization is an important
determinant in the recruitment process. If the company has a demand for more
professionals and there is limited supply in the market for the professionals demanded by the
company, then the company will have to depend upon internal sources by providing them
special training and development programs.

Employment conditions in the community where the organization is located will
influence the recruiting efforts of the organization. If there is surplus of manpower at
the time of recruitment, even informal attempts at the time of recruiting like notice
boards display of the requisition or announcement in the meeting etc will attract more
than enough applicants.

Image of the employer can work as a potential constraint for recruitment. An
organization with positive image and goodwill as an employer finds it easier
to attract and retain employees than an organization with negative image.
Image of a company is based on what organization does and affected by
industry. For example finance was taken up by fresher MBA’s when many
finance companies were coming up.


Various government regulations prohibiting discrimination in hiring and
employment have direct impact on recruitment practices. For example,
Government of India has introduced legislation for reservation in employment
for scheduled castes, scheduled tribes, physically handicapped etc. Also, trade
unions play important role in recruitment. This restricts management freedom
to select those individuals who it believes would be the best performers. If the
candidate can’t meet criteria stipulated by the union but union regulations can
restrict recruitment sources.

One of the factors that influence the availability of applicants is the growth of
the economy (whether economy is growing or not and its rate). When the
company is not creating new jobs, there is often oversupply of qualified labour
which in turn leads to unemployment.

The recruitment policies of the competitors also effect the recruitment
function of the organisations. To face the competition, many a times the
organisations have to change their recruitment policies according to the
policies being followed by the competitors.

Recruitment Policy Of a Company

Recruitment Home » Recruitment Policy Of a Company

In today’s rapidly changing business

environment, a well defined recruitment
policy is necessary for organizations to
respond to its human resource requirements in
time. Therefore, it is important to have a clear
and concise recruitment policy in place, which
can be executed effectively to recruit the best
talent pool for the selection of the right
candidate at the right place quickly. Creating a
suitable recruitment policy is the first step
in the efficient hiring process. A clear and
concise recruitment policy helps ensure a
sound recruitment process.

It specifies the objectives of recruitment

and provides a framework for implementation
of recruitment programme. It may involve
organizational system to be developed for
implementing recruitment programmes and procedures by filling up vacancies with best
qualified people.


• The general recruitment policies and terms of the organisation

• Recruitment services of consultants

• Recruitment of temporary employees

• Unique recruitment situations

• The selection process

• The job descriptions

• The terms and conditions of the employment

A recruitment policy of an organisation should be such that:

• It should focus on recruiting the best potential people.

• To ensure that every applicant and employee is treated equally with dignity and

• Unbiased policy.

• To aid and encourage employees in realizing their full potential.

• Transparent, task oriented and merit based selection.

• Weightage during selection given to factors that suit organization needs.

• Optimization of manpower at the time of selection process.

• Defining the competent authority to approve each selection.

• Abides by relevant public policy and legislation on hiring and employment


• Integrates employee needs with the organisational needs.


• Organizational objectives

• Personnel policies of the organization and its competitors.

• Government policies on reservations.

• Preferred sources of recruitment.

• Need of the organization.

• Recruitment costs and financial implications.

Recent Trends in Recruitment

Recruitment Home » Recent Trends in Recruitment

The following trends are being seen in


In India, the HR processes are being
outsourced from more than a decade now. A
company may draw required personnel from
outsourcing firms. The outsourcing firms help
the organisation by the initial screening of the
candidates according to the needs of the
organisation and creating a suitable pool of
talent for the final selection by the
organisation. Outsourcing firms develop their
human resource pool by employing people for
them and make available personnel to various
companies as per their needs. In turn, the
outsourcing firms or the intermediaries charge
the organisations for their services.
Advantages of outsourcing are:

1. Company need not plan for human resources much in advance.

2. Value creation, operational flexibility and competitive advantage

3. turning the management's focus to strategic level processes of HRM

4. Company is free from salary negotiations, weeding the unsuitable


5. Company can save a lot of its resources and time

“Buying talent” (rather than developing it) is the latest mantra being followed by the
organisations today. Poaching means employing a competent and experienced
person already working with another reputed company in the same or different
industry; the organisation might be a competitor in the industry. A company can
attract talent from another firm by offering attractive pay packages and other terms
and conditions, better than the current employer of the candidate. But it is seen as
an unethical practice and not openly talked about. Indian software and the retail
sector are the sectors facing the most severe brunt of poaching today. It has
become a challenge for human resource managers to face and tackle poaching, as it
weakens the competitive strength of the firm.

Many big organizations use Internet as a source of recruitment. E-recruitment is
the use of technology to assist the recruitment process. They advertise job
vacancies through worldwide web. The job seekers send their applications or
curriculum vitae i.e. CV through e mail using the Internet. Alternatively job seekers
place their CV’s in worldwide web, which can be drawn by prospective employees
depending upon their requirements.

Advantages of recruitment are:

o Low cost.

o No intermediaries

o Reduction in time for recruitment.

o Recruitment of right type of people.

o Efficiency of recruitment process.

Recruitment Home » E-Recruitment

The buzzword and the latest trends in

recruitment is the “E-Recruitment”. Also
known as “Online recruitment”, it is the use
of technology or the web based tools to assist
the recruitment processes. The tool can be
either a job website like, the
organisation’s corporate web site or its own
intranet. Many big and small organizations are
using Internet as a source of recruitment. They
advertise job vacancies through worldwide
web. The job seekers send their applications or
curriculum vitae (CV) through an e-mail using
the Internet. Alternatively job seekers place
their CV’s in worldwide web, which can be
drawn by prospective employees depending
upon their requirements.

The internet penetration in India is increasing and has tremendous potential. According to a
study by NASSCOM – “Jobs is among the top reasons why new users will come on to the
internet, besides e-mail.” There are more than 18 million resume’s floating online across the

The two kinds of e-recruitment that an organisation can use is –

 Job portals – i.e. posting the position with the job description and the job specification
on the job portal and also searching for the suitable resumes posted on the site
corresponding to the opening in the organisation.

 Creating a complete online recruitment/application section in the companies own

website. - Companies have added an application system to its website, where the ‘passive’
job seekers can submit their resumes into the database of the organisation for consideration
in future, as and when the roles become available.

Resume Scanners: Resume scanner is one major benefit provided by the job portals to the
organisations. It enables the employees to screen and filter the resumes through pre-
defined criteria’s and requirements (skills, qualifications, experience, payroll etc.) of the job.

Job sites provide a 24*7 access to the database of the resumes to the employees facilitating
the just-in-time hiring by the organisations. Also, the jobs can be posted on the site almost
immediately and is also cheaper than advertising in the employment newspapers.
Sometimes companies can get valuable references through the “passers-by” applicants.
Online recruitment helps the organisations to automate the recruitment process, save their
time and costs on recruitments.

Online recruitment techniques

• Giving a detailed job description and job specifications in the job postings to attract
candidates with the right skill sets and qualifications at the first stage.
• E-recruitment should be incorporated into the overall recruitment strategy of the

• A well defined and structured applicant tracking system should be integrated and
the system should have a back-end support.

• Along with the back-office support a comprehensive website to receive and process
job applications (through direct or online advertising) should be developed.

Therefore, to conclude, it can be said that e-recruitment is the “Evolving face of


Advantages & Disadvantages Of E-

Recruitment Home » E-Recruitment » Advantages & Disadvantages Of E-Recruitment

There are many benefits – both to the

employers and the job seekers but the e-
recruitment is not free from a few
shortcomings. Some of the advantages and the
disadvantages of e-recruitment are as

Advantages of E-Recruitment are:

 Lower costs to the organisation. Also,

posting jobs online is cheaper than advertising
in the newspapers.

 No intermediaries.

 Reduction in the time for recruitment (over

65 percent of the hiring time).

 Facilitates the recruitment of right type of people with the required skills.

 Improved efficiency of recruitment process.

 Gives a 24*7 access to an online collection of resumes.

 Online recruitment helps the organisations to weed out the unqualified candidates in an
automated way.

 Recruitment websites also provide valuable data and information regarding the
compensation offered by the competitors etc. which helps the HR managers to take various
HR decisions like promotions, salary trends in industry etc

Disadvantages of E-Recruitment

Apart from the various benefits, e-recruitment has its own share of shortcomings and
disadvantages. Some of them are:

• Screening and checking the skill mapping and authenticity of million of resumes is a
problem and time consuming exercise for organisations.

• There is low Internet penetration and no access and lack of awareness of internet in
many locations across India.

• Organisations cannot be dependant solely and totally on the online recruitment


• In India, the employers and the employees still prefer a face-to-face interaction
rather than sending e-mails.

Recruitment Vs Selection
Recruitment Home » Recruitment Vs Selection

Both recruitment and selection are the two

phases of the employment process. The
differences between the two are:

1. The recruitment is the process of searching

the candidates for employment and stimulating
them to apply for jobs in the organisation
WHEREAS selection involves the series of steps
by which the candidates are screened for
choosing the most suitable persons for vacant

2. The basic purpose of recruitments is to

create a talent pool of candidates to enable the
selection of best candidates for the
organisation, by attracting more and more
employees to apply in the organisation
WHEREAS the basic purpose of selection
process is to choose the right candidate to
fill the various positions in the organisation.

3. Recruitment is a positive process i.e. encouraging more and more employees to apply
WHEREAS selection is a negative process as it involves rejection of the unsuitable
4. Recruitment is concerned with tapping the sources of human resources WHEREAS
selection is concerned with selecting the most suitable candidate through various interviews
and tests.

5. There is no contract of recruitment established in recruitment WHEREAS selection results

in a contract of service between the employer and the selected employee.

Types Of Job Seekers

Recruitment Home » Types Of Job Seekers

Types Of Job Seekers

1. Quid Pro Que

These are the people who say that “ I can do
this for you, what can you give me” These
people value high responsibilities, higher risks,
and expect higher rewards, personal
development and company profiles doesn’t
matter to them.

2. I will be with you

These people like to be with big brands.
Importance is given to brands. They are not
bothered about work ethic, culture mission etc.

3. I will do you what you want

These people are concerned about how meaningful the job is and they define meaning
parameters criteria known by previous job.

4. Where do you want me to come

These people observe things like where is your office, what atmosphere do you offer. Career
prospects and exciting projects don’t entice them as much. It is the responsibility of the
recruiter to decide what the employee might face in given job and thus take decision. A
good decision will help cut down employee retention costs and future recruitment costs.

Recruitment Management System

Recruitment Home » Recruitment Management System

Recruitment management system is the

comprehensive tool to manage the entire
recruitment processes of an organisation. It is
one of the technological tools facilitated by the
information management systems to the HR of
organisations. Just like performance
management, payroll and other systems,
Recruitment management system helps to
contour the recruitment processes and
effectively managing the ROI on recruitment.
The features, functions and major benefits of the recruitment management system are
explained below:

• Structure and systematically organize the entire recruitment processes.

• Recruitment management system facilitates faster, unbiased, accurate and reliable

processing of applications from various applications.

• Helps to reduce the time-per-hire and cost-per-hire.

• Recruitment management system helps to incorporate and integrate the various

links like the application system on the official website of the company, the
unsolicited applications, outsourcing recruitment, the final decision making to the
main recruitment process.

• Recruitment management system maintains an automated active database of the

applicants facilitating the talent management and increasing the efficiency of the
recruitment processes.

• Recruitment management system provides and a flexible, automated and interactive

interface between the online application system, the recruitment department of the
company and the job seeker.

• Offers tolls and support to enhance productivity, solutions and optimizing the
recruitment processes to ensure improved ROI.

• Recruitment management system helps to communicate and create healthy

relationships with the candidates through the entire recruitment process.

The Recruitment Management System (RMS) is an innovative information system tool which
helps to sane the time and costs of the recruiters and improving the recruitment processes.
ROI On Recruitment
Recruitment Home » ROI On Recruitment

Before making any investment, every organisation would want to

evaluate the investment by answering the following questions in
quantifiable terms:

 What are the costs and the corresponding and related risks on
the investment?

 What are the expected returns of the investment?

 What is the expected pay-back period of the investment?

An organisation makes a tremendous amount of investment in its

recruitment processes.
A lot of resources like time and money are spent on recruitment processes of an
organisation. But assessing or quantifying the returns on the recruitment process, or,
calculating the return on investment (ROI) on recruitment is a complicated task for an
organisation. Indeed, it is difficult to judge the success of their recruitment processes.
Instead, recruitment is one activity that continues in an organisation without anyone ever
realizing its worth or measuring its impact on the organisation’s business.

According to a survey, 38 % of organisations do not prepare or produce any kind of

documents or reports on their The recruitment processes, and there is no accountability of
the HR department for the costs incurred and the opportunities missed.

With the increasing strategic focus on the human resources, more and more organisations
are adopting one or the other way for calculating the ROI on its recruitments. Many
organisations are examining their HR functions and processes and are trying to quantify
their results and returns.

A recruitment professional or manager can calculate and maximize the return on

investments on its organisation’s recruitment by

• Clear definition of the results to be achieved from recruitment.

• Developing methods and ways measuring the results like the time – to – hire, cost-
Per-Hire and effectiveness of the recruitment source etc.

• Estimating the costs associated with the recruitment project

• Estimating the tangible and intangible benefits to the organization including the
payback period of the recruitments.
• Providing and ensuring proper training and development of the recruitment

Assessing the ROI on recruitments can assist an organisation to strengthen its HR

processes, improving its recruitment function and to build a strategic human resource
advantage for the organisation.

How To Select A Recruitment

Recruitment Home » How To Select A Recruitment Consultant

If an organisation decides to outsource its

recruitment processes or activities, it is very
important to find and select a suitable
recruitment consultant or
consultancies, which can deliver results
according to the needs of the organisation.
Today, there are thousands of consulting
firms (consultancies) as well as freelance
consultants working independently. An
organisation looks for various considerations
and qualities before selecting the suitable
recruitment consultant.

 The reputation of the consulting firm in

the job market (based on expertise and

 Who are the consultant’s or firm’s past

and present clients?

• Consultant’s expertise and experience (from how long has he/firm been in the

• Does the recruitment consultant have the requisite resources to complete the
targets on time?

• Get the idea of the effectiveness and the services of the recruitment consultant from
its current and past clients.

Qualities of an independent recruitment consultant:

Some of the qualities or characteristics looked in recruitment consultants are:
• Marketing skills

• Flexibility and adaptability

• Wisdom

• Exuberance

• Ability to prioritise

• Ambition

• Resourcefulness

• Diplomacy/ delicacy

Selecting the right recruitment consultant is essential for the effective recruitment
processes. A successful Recruitment consultant is someone who is determinative, focused,
and able to create opportunities for him, works harder and smarter than competitors and
continually set and achieve higher standards.

Recruitment Strategies
Recruitment Home » Recruitment Strategies

Recruitment is of the most crucial roles of

the human resource professionals. The level
of performance of and organisation depends
on the effectiveness of its recruitment
function. Organisations have developed and
follow recruitment strategies to hire the
best talent for their organisation and to
utilize their resources optimally. A
successful recruitment strategy should be
well planned and practical to attract more
and good talent to apply in the organisation.
For formulating an effective and successful recruitment strategy, the strategy should cover
the following elements:

1. Identifying and prioritizing jobs

recruitment keep arising at various levels in every organisation; it is almost a
never-ending process. It is impossible to fill all the positions immediately. Therefore,
there is a need to identify the positions requiring immediate attention and action. To
maintain the quality of the recruitment activities, it is useful to prioritize the
vacancies whether to focus on all vacancies equally or focusing on key jobs first.

2. Candidates to target
The recruitment process can be effective only if the organisation completely
understands the requirements of the type of candidates that are required and will
be beneficial for the organisation. This covers the following parameters as well:

o Performance level required: Different strategies are required for focusing on

hiring high performers and average performers.

o Experience level required: the strategy should be clear as to what is the

experience level required by the organisation. The candidate’s experience
can range from being a fresher to experienced senior professionals.

o Category of the candidate: the strategy should clearly define the target
candidate. He/she can be from the same industry, different industry,
unemployed, top performers of the industry etc.

3. Sources of recruitment
The strategy should define various sources (external and internal) of recruitment.
Which are the sources to be used and focused for the recruitment purposes for
various positions. Employee referral is one of the most effective sources of

4. Trained recruiters
The recruitment professionals conducting the interviews and the other recruitment
activities should be well-trained and experienced to conduct the activities. They
should also be aware of the major parameters and skills (e.g.: behavioural,
technical etc.) to focus while interviewing and selecting a candidate.
5. How to evaluate the candidates
The various parameters and the ways to judge them i.e. the entire recruitment
process should be planned in advance. Like the rounds of technical interviews, HR
interviews, written tests, psychometric tests etc.

HR Challenges In Recruitment
Recruitment Home » HR Challenges In Recruitment

Recruitment is a function that requires

business perspective, expertise, ability to find
and match the best potential candidate for the
organisation, diplomacy, marketing skills (as to
sell the position to the candidate) and wisdom
to align the recruitment processes for the
benefit of the organisation. The HR
professionals – handling the recruitment
function of the organisation- are constantly
facing new challenges in Recruitment. The
biggest HR challenge in Recruitment for
such professionals is to source or recruit the
best people or potential candidate for the

In the last few years, the job market has

undergone some fundamental changes in terms
of technologies, sources of recruitment,
competition in the market etc. In an already
saturated job market, where the practices like
poaching and raiding are gaining momentum.

HR professionals are constantly facing new challenges in one of their most important
function- recruitment. They have to face and conquer various challenges to find the best
candidates for their organisations.

The major challenges faced by the HR in recruitment are:

• Adaptability to globalization – The HR professionals are expected and required

to keep in tune with the changing times, i.e. the changes taking place across the
globe. HR should maintain the timeliness of the process

• Lack of motivation – Recruitment is considered to be a thankless job. Even if the

organisation is achieving results, HR department or professionals are not thanked
for recruiting the right employees and performers.

• Process analysis – The immediacy and speed of the recruitment process are the
main concerns of the HR in recruitment. The process should be flexible, adaptive
and responsive to the immediate requirements. The recruitment process should
also be cost effective.

• Strategic prioritization – The emerging new systems are both an opportunity as

well as a challenge for the HR professionals. Therefore, reviewing staffing needs and
prioritizing the tasks to meet the changes in the market has become a challenge for
the recruitment professionals.

Recruiting Expatriates
Recruitment Home » Recruiting Expatriates

Expatriate is a person who leaves his country

to work and live in a foreign country.
Generally, expatriates are the nationals from
the other countries than the host and the
MNC’s parent country, i.e. expatriates are the
third country nationals.

The unavailability of the required skills and

talents takes the organisation to source talent
from other countries. The procedures and
processes of recruiting and selecting the
human resources are never uniform even
within a single organisation. The procedures
vary according to the post, the skill set
required, the nature of work etc. More of it is
seen in the case of recruitment of expatriates.
The recruitment and selection procedures and
considerations are drastically different for
expatriates than that
of the domestic employees. Recruitment of expatriates involves greater time, monetary
resources and other indirect costs. Improper recruitment and selection can cause the
expatriates to return hastily or a decline in their performance.

A mismatch between job (its requirements) and people can reduce the effectiveness of other
human resource activities and can affect the performance of the employees as well as the

Recruiting expatriates require special considerations and skills to select the best person
for the job. Except for a few expatriate selection policies, the expatriate selection criterion is
generally organisation and nation specific.

The recruiters for recruiting the expatriates should be carefully selected and trained. The
recruitment strategies for expatriates should be aligned with requirements of the job. The
interviews of expatriates are designed in a manner to judge their:

• Adaptability to the new culture

• Intercultural interaction

• Flexibility

• Professional expertise

• Past international work experience

• Tolerance and open-mindedness

• Family situation

• Language ability

• Attitude and motivation

• Empathy towards local culture

A few researches in this field also suggest that women are morel likely to be successful in
certain positions as expatriates as they are more sensitive towards new culture and people.
recruitment of expatriates should be followed by cultural and sensitivity training, and
language training.