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ISTANBUL TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY Faculty of Civil Engineering Department of Civil Engineering Ref. Date / Number: 12.1.2016 / 195/2016 PARAMETRIC STRUCTURAL ANALYSES OF THE NEW ELEVETOR SYSTEM TECHNICAL REPORT Submitted to INSAAT FAKULTESI | Tern 13 Sobol 2916 | LTO. ABS Yapi Elemanlari Sanayi Ticaret Ltd. Sti. No, : (45° | Prepared by Assoc. Prof. Dr. Beyza Taskin Asst. Prof. Dr. Burcu Giines ITU Faculty of Civil Engineering ITU Faculty of Civil Engineering Department of Civil Engineering Department of Civil Engineering Reinforced Concrete Group Theory of Structures Group Asst. Prof. Dr. Oguz Giines ITU Faculty of Civil Engineering Department of Civil Engineering Structural Materials Group This report was prepared in accordance with the Regulations of Revolving Funds at ITU February 2016 ® PARAMETRIC STRUCTURAL ANALYSES OF THE NEW ELEVETOR SYSTEM Table of Contents Executive Summary, Legal Disclaimer. Introduction, Available Documents and Information Scope of the Studies....nn Description of the New Elevetor Unit Load Resisting System and Structural Behavior. Gravity Load Resisting System... Lateral Load Resisting System... Parametric Structural Analyses of the System bib im moan iris de & Assumptions made in the Structural Analyses..... Modeling of a Representative Area of New Elevetor Slab System .. Load Combinations and Seismic Load Parameters... Internal Forces under Gravity Loading... Internal Forces under Lateral Seismic Loads. Internal Forces under Standard Truck Loads . Load Capacity and Design of the System... Column interaction 1grams and Shear Capacity. Gravity Load Resisting System Design... Design for Standard Truck Loads. Lateral Load Resisting System Design Simplified Design Table... Analysis and Design of a Large Slab System.. ‘Summary of Results and Recommendations . 28 Conclusion wn 29 References. 31 Appendix ‘Simplified design table for preliminary design of the gravity load resisting system for New Elevetor raised slabs 136 Executive Summary In this report, a comprehensive set of parametric analyses and corresponding design of the New Elevetor slab system performed for various loading and design configurations was discussed in detail with illustrative examples. The New Elevetor system provides an efficient means for construction of raised slab systems with ventilated crawl spaces that can be used for various purposes. The modular permanent formwork assembly allows for easy and rapid construction of a monolithic reinforced concrete structure with significant gravity load resistance capacity. Detailed analyses of a representative New Elevetor stab area have revealed that the closely spaced columns and short span slab sections in between result in considerable gravity load resisting ‘capacity. The system can essentially resist the design truck loads including dynamic allowance and braking loads by its gravity and lateral load resistance capacity. Nevertheless, additional lateral load resistance support from the surrounding structure is required for design safety against brittle shear failures. A simplified preliminary design guide for the New Elevetor gravity load resisting system was developed and presented in the report. Following design of the gravity load resisting system, it is recommended to assume that the New Elevetor system relies on the main structure for the entire lateral seismic force. ‘The column interaction diagrams as well as the calculations of shear capacity show that the New Elevetor system has high axial load capacity, moderate shear capacity, and minimal moment capacity resulting in low lateral load resistance. For all live load levels studied, the lateral load resistance of the system was found to be grossly insufficient to resist the resulting seismic loads. Hence, the system ~ by design — relies on the surrounding main structural system for lateral load resistance due to incomplete load path for lateral load resistance and lack of transverse reinforcement in columns for ductile failure. Depending on the load resisting system of the main structure, lateral load resistance support for the New Elevetor slab system may take place in different ways. The mechanism of lateral load support is generally through bearing of the New Elevetor slab on the main structural elements. These elements can be foundation walls, shear walls, beam-column frame, or individual columns as in the case of the example presented herein. In all different cases of lateral support, the lateral displacement of the New Elevetor slab necessary for mobilization of the supporting force should not be more than 2% of the height of the New Elevetor system in order to prevent excessive damage to the columns. For large slab areas made of the New Elevetor system, construction of perimeter shear walls was found to provide an effective solution for satisfactory lateral load resistance. Depending on the slab area and the aspect ratio, the slab thickness should be determined to assure rigid diaphragm behavior of the slab. . |n conclusion, based on a comprehensive set of parametric analyses of the New Elevetor raised slab system for various loading and design configurations, a simplified design table for the preliminary design of the gravity load resisting system was developed and various principles and strategies were laid out as well as recommendations made for the case-specific design of the lateral load resisting system in the form of support from the surrounding main structure.