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SSN College of Engineering

Department of Mechanical Engineering


ME 8391– Engineering Thermodynamics
Unit V – Problems on Psychrometry
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1. The atmospheric air is at 200 C and specific humidity of 0.0095 kg/kg of dry air,
Determine i) partial pressure of water vapour, ii) relative humidity and iii) dew point
temperature.
2. An air-water vapour mixture enters an adiabatic saturator at 300 C and leaves at 200 C,
which is the adiabatic saturation temperature. The pressure remains constant at 100
kPa. Determine the relative humidity and the humidity ratio of the inlet mixture.
3. Atmospheric air at 1.0132 bar has a dry-bulb temperature of 320 C and wet-bulb
temperature of 260 C. Calculate a) the partial pressure of water vapour, b) specific
humidity, c) dew point temperature, d) relative humidity, e) the degree of saturation,
f) the density of the air in the mixture, g) the density of the vapour in the mixture and
h) the enthalpy of the mixture.
4. A sling psychrometer reads 400 C dbt and 300 C wbt. Find the humidity ratio, relative
humidity, dew point temperature, specific volume and enthalpy of air.
5. Air at 400 C dbt and 270 C wbt is to be cooled and dehumidified by passing it over a
refrigerant-filled coil to give a final condition of 150 C and 90% RH. Find the amounts
of heat and moisture removed per kg of dry air.
6. Two streams of air 0.2 kg/s and 0.8 kg/s respectively at 250 C, 50% RH and 350C,
40% RH are mixed adiabatically. Calculate humidity ratio and enthalpy of the mixed
air.
7. It is required to design an air-conditioning plant for a small class room for the
following conditions: Outdoor conditions – 140 C DBT and 100 C WBT. Required
indoor conditions – 200 C DBT and 60% RH. Amount of air circulation – 0.3
m3/student. Seating capacity of the class – 60. The required indoor condition is
achieved first by heating and then by adiabatic humidifying. Determine i) heating
capacity of the coil in kW and the surface temperature required if the bypass factor of
the coil is 0.4 and ii) capacity of the humidifier.
8. An air-conditioning system is designed under the following conditions: Outdoor
conditions – 300 C DBT and 75% RH. Required indoor conditions – 220 C DBT and
70% RH. Amount of free air circulated 3.3 m3/s. Coil dew point temperature 140 C.
The required indoor condition is achieved first by cooling and dehumidification and
then by heating. Estimate a) the capacity of the cooling coil in tonnes and its bypass
factor, b) the capacity of the heating coil in kW and c) the amount of water vapour
removed in kg/s.
9. Water from a cooling system is itself to be cooled in the cooling tower at a rate of
2.78 kg/s. The water enters the tower at 650 C and leaves a collecting tank at the base
at 300 C. Air flows through the tower, entering the base at 150C, 0.1 MPa, 55% RH
and leaving the top at 350 C, 0.1 MPa saturated. Make-up water enters the collecting
tank at 140 C. Determine the air flow rate into the cooling tower in m3/s and the make-
up water flow rate in kg/s.
10. Saturated air at 210 C is passed through a drier so that its final relative humidity is
20%. The drier uses silica gel absorbent. The air is passed through cooler until its
final temperature is 210 C without change in specific humidity. Determine i) the
temperature of the air at the end of the drying process, ii) the heat rejected during the
cooling process, iii) the relative humidity at the end of the cooling process, iv) the
dew point temperature at the end of the drying process and v) the moisture removed
during the drying process.