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ENGLISH PAPERS

MAGNET

This paper is asked to meet final projects as requirements for school graduation
Teacher : Mr. Agung Triwanto, S.Pd

Compiler :
Name : Imbang Bayurista
NIT : 16.012.10439
Class :

MIFTAHUL HUDA INSTITUTE


SMK PELAYARAN TAYU
SCHOOL YEAR 2018/ 2019

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VALIDY SHEET

In connection with making a final assignment to complete grades, and


complete the school graduation requirements of the name below :

Name : Imbang Bayurista


NIT : 16.012.10439

Has completed the task on time. Thus this authorization sheet is made for
use as needed.

Author

Imbang Bayurista

Approved by :

Knowing,
Head Master Mentor

Agung Triwanto, S.Pd ………………………..

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FOREWORD

Giving thanks to the presence of Allah SWT, for all His blessings,
blessings and guidance that have been bestowed. So that I can complete this paper
in its very simple form and contents in time. I gave this paper the title
"MAGNET".
This paper contains information on magnetism, how to make various kinds
of magnetic benefits. It is hoped that this paper can provide information to all of
us, and more knowledge about magnets.
I realize that this paper is far from perfect, so I hope that constructive
criticism and suggestions from all parties for the perfection of this paper.
Finally, I express my gratitude to all parties concerned in making this
paper. Hopefully Allah SWT always takes care of all our efforts to do. Amen.

Tayu, May 16th 2019


Author

Imbang Bayurista

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

TITLE PAGE .............................................................................................. i


VALIDY SHEET ........................................................................................ ii
FOREWORD .............................................................................................. iii
TABLE OF CONTENTS ............................................................................ iv
CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION
1.1 Background ..................................................................................... 1
1.2 Problem Formulation ...................................................................... 1
1.3 Benefits of Writing.......................................................................... 2
CHAPTER II DISCUSSION
2.1 Understanding of Magnets .............................................................. 3
2.2 Types Magnets ................................................................................ 4
2.3 Characteristics of Magnets .............................................................. 5
2.4 Simple Magnetism Methods ........................................................... 5
2.5 Positive and Negative Impacts on Magnetism ................................ 6
CHAPTER III CLOSING
3.1 Conclusion ...................................................................................... 9
3.2 Suggestion ....................................................................................... 9
BIBLIOGRAPHY

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CHAPTER I
INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background
On this earth, of course we are not familiar with objects called magnets.
These objects that have a magnetic field and two poles can attract objects that
contain metal elements. We can find magnets everywhere, for example in toy
stores, building shops, even on the earth we walk on there are very many
magnetic field sources. In magnets there are two poles, namely the north pole
which always leads north and south pole which always leads south. And not
infrequently we can also find magnets in electronic devices. Usually we see
magnets in various forms, for example U magnets (horse shoes), bar magnets,
circular magnets, needle magnets (compass), etc. But actually the magnets that
exist today, almost all of them are artificial magnets.
The magnet is actually not just a rod magnet, needle, circle that we
normally see in general. But magnets can also be made in a simple way and do
not need certain materials that are as complicated as in making artificial
magnets. We only need simple ingredients that are around us, and how to
make them is not as complex as a factory-made magnet.
In addition, magnets are also very useful for humans. For example, when
we get lost in the forest we can use a compass as a guide, in this case the
magnet also plays an important role. A fridge magnet is used to keep notes on
the refrigerator door. Not only that, magnets are also very useful in the world
of health. Since long ago magnetism has been used in the world of medicine,
especially in natural medicine (Naturopathy). Apart from being inexpensive,
only one set of magnetic proved to be very beneficial for all family members
(not only for treatment, but also for natural healthy living).

1.2 Problem Formulation


The problems discussed in this paper are:
1. What is the meaning of magnetism?
2. What are the types of magnets?

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3. What are the characteristics of a magnet?
4. How to make a magnet simply?
5. What are the positive and negative effects of magnets?

1.3 Purpose of Writing


1. For Students (Authors)
Giving more knowledge about magnets. That the magnet is also
not in the form of a bar magnet as in general. But magnets can also be
made with simple materials and methods. Besides that magnet is useful in
various fields, such as in the field of science and technology, health and
even arts. And also, so that students are not only fixated on learning about
magnetism that is identical to the attraction that is given at school.
2. For the community
Inform the public that magnets are very useful for everyone's life,
not only for school students but also for the general public. One of them is
in the health sector, how to treat the disease is not only with drugs that
sometimes have harmful side effects to the body. But treating the disease
can also use magnets, with the magnitude of the costs incurred cheaper and
the risk borne lighter.

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CHAPTER II
DISCUSSION

2.1 Understanding of Magnets


Magnets or magnets are objects that have a magnetic field. The word
magnet (magnet) comes from the Greek magnítis líthos which means
Magnesian stone. Magnesia is the name of a region in Greece in the past
which is now called Manisa (now in the territory of Turkey) where it
contained magnets found since ancient times in the region.
Magnet is a material that has a magnetic field. This magnetic field is not
visible but is responsible for the most prominent properties of magnets,
namely the attractive forces on ferromagnetic materials, such as iron, and
attracts or expels other magnets. Magnets can be in the form of fixed or non-
permanent magnets. Magnets that exist today, almost all of them are artificial
magnets. Magnets always have two poles, namely: north pole (north / N) and
south pole (south / S). Even though the magnet is cut into pieces, the small
pieces of magnet will still have two poles.
Magnets can attract other objects. Some objects are even stronger than
others, namely metal. But not all metals have the same attraction to magnets.
Iron and steel are two examples of material that have high attraction by
magnets. While liquid oxygen is an example of material that has a low
attraction by magnetism. The unit of magnetic intensity according to the
metric system in the International Unit (SI) is Tesla and the SI unit for total
magnetic flux is weber. 1weber / m ^ 2 = 1 tesla, which affects one square
meter.
Magnetic field
The current flows through a piece of wire forming a magnetic field (M)
around the wire. The terrain is oriented according to the rules of the right
hand. In physics, a magnetic field is a field formed by moving an electric
charge (electric current) which causes a force to emerge in other moving
electric charges. (The quantum mechanical rotation of one particle forms a
magnetic field and the spin is affected by itself like an electric current. This is

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what causes the magnetic field of the ferromagnet to be "permanent"). A
magnetic field is a vector field, which is related to each point in a vector space
which can change according to time. The direction of this field is balanced
with the direction of the compass needle placed in the field.

2.2 Types Magnets


1. Fixed Magnets
Permanent magnet (permanent) does not require power or
assistance from the outside to produce magnetic (electromagnetic) power.
The type of magnet that has been known so far is found in:
a. Neodymium magnets, are the most powerful fixed magnets.
Neodymium magnets (also known as NdFeB, NIB, or Neo magnets),
are a kind of rare earth magnet, made from a mixture of neodymium
metals,
b. Samarium-Cobalt Magnets: one of the two rare types of earth magnets,
are strong permanent magnets made of samarium and cobalt alloys.
c. Ceramic Magnets
d. Plastic Magnets
e. Alnico Magnets
2. Non-fixed magnets
Irregular magnets (remanents) depend on the electric field to
produce a magnetic field. An example of a non-permanent magnet is an
electromagnet.
3. Artificial Magnets
Artificial magnets cover almost all magnets that exist today. The
forms of artificial magnets include:
a. U magnet
b. Horseshoe magnet
c. Magnet rod
d. Circle magnet
e. Needle magnet (compass)

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2.3 Characteristics of Magnets
Each magnet has the following characteristics:
1. Can attract certain metal objects.
2. The biggest attraction is at the pole.
3. Always show north and south when hanging freely.
4. Has two poles.
5. Pull if not similar.
6. Refuse to reject if of the same type.
Based on the nature of the magnet the object is divided into 3 types, namely:
1. Ferromagnetic (objects that can be pulled strongly by a magnet)
Ferromagnetic examples are iron, steel, nickel and cobalt.
2. Parramagnetic (objects that can be pulled magnetically weakly)
Parramagnetic examples are platinum and aluminum.
3. Diamagnetik (objects that cannot be pulled by a magnet).
Diamagnetic examples are zinc, and bismuth.

2.4 Simple Magnetism Methods


The metal used to make magnets is iron and steel. Iron and steel can be
made into magnets because iron and steel are ferromagnetic (have strong
magnetic properties). Aluminum and copper cannot be made into magnets
because they are diamagnetic (not having magnetic properties).
There is a difference in the making of iron magnets with the manufacture
of magnets from steel. Iron is easier to make into a magnet than steel.
However, iron magnetism disappears faster, while steel magnetism lasts
longer.
There are several ways to make magnets, namely:
1. How to induce
The making of magnets by induction is very easy to do. However,
the magnetic nature of the results of this induction is temporary. You do
this by attaching objects made of metal (iron or steel) with a magnet.
Objects made of metal will become magnetic. However, if the magnet is
released, the magnetic properties of the object will also be lost.

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2. How to rub
Magnets that are rubbed onto an iron or steel rod can cause iron or
steel rods to have magnetic properties. The longer the rubbing time, the
longer the magnetic properties will persist in the iron or steel rod.
3. Enter Electricity
Magnets can be made by flowing electric current in the direction of
an conductor. The magnet that is generated is called an electromagnet.
Electromagnets were first discovered by Hans Christian Oersted in 1819.
Electromagnets are temporary. That is, if the electric current is cut off, the
magnetic properties will disappear. We can make electromagnets have
more power by increasing the number of batteries and increasing the
number of turns.

2.5 Positive and Negative Impacts on Magnetism


1. Positive Magnetic Field
Examples of positive magnetic fields experienced by everyday
people include television, computers, cellphones, alarm clocks,
motorcycles, office equipment, electric cables, microwave ovens, electric
blankets, power lines, radios and cellphone towers, neon lights, smart
meters, and Wi-Fi.
The frequency at which magnetic field pulses determine whether or
not it is dangerous. For example, the frequency of electric current used by
households in the United States is 60 cycles per second, or hertz (HZ).
Conversely, the normal frequency of the human brain during wake ranges
from 8 to 22 Hz, whereas in sleep they can drop to a level of 2 Hz.
The higher the frequency in artificial electric currents can interfere with
the natural resonant frequency of the brain and at a certain time causes
cellular fatigue.
The physiological effects of positive magnetic fields include:
 Acid production
 Oxygen deficiency
 Cellular edema

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 Exacerbation of existing symptoms
 Acceleration of microorganism replication and infection
 Biological disorganization
 Increased pain and inflammation
 Effects on wakefulness and action
 Production of catabolic hormones
 The toxic end product of metabolism
 Free radicals
 The brain's electrical activity is shot
The strength and proximity of positive magnetic fields to your energy
field is very important, and sources must be investigated with Gauss
meters to determine their frequency. In addition, understanding how to
"neutralize" this positive magnetic field becomes very important.
Positive magnetic fields are associated with cancer, depression,
chromosomal abnormalities, inflammation, and learning difficulties.
2. Negative Magnetic Fields
Examples of negative magnetic fields experienced by everyday
people include natural materials (soil, rocks, salt), water (sea, lake, river),
and plants.
The physiological effects of negative magnetic fields include:
 Normalization of pH
 Oxygenation
 Resolution of cellular edema
 Reducing symptoms
 Inhibition of microorganism replication and infection
 Biological normalization
 Reduces pain and inflammation
 Increased rest, relaxation, and sleep
 Anabolic hormones produced by melatonin and growth hormone
 Removal of metabolic poisons produced
 Removal of free radicals

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 Slows down the brain's electrical activity
In order to obtain the great health benefits of a negative magnetic field,
one must place the skin to come into direct contact with grass, soil, sand or
water. That failure, we must look at available grounding technology.
Therapy of negative magnetic fields has been used effectively in the
treatment of the following disease conditions :
 Cancer
 Rheumatoid arthritis
 Infection and inflammation
 Headaches and migraines
 Insomnia and other sleep disorders
 Circulation problems
 Fractures and pain
 Environmental stress
Understanding negative and positive magnetic frequency sources, and
how to avoid them and use them effectively is a key component of the
overall health plan. Identify the worst offenders and avoid them as much
as possible, and keep in contact with the earth to release them
appropriately.

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CHAPTER III
CLOSING

3.1 Conclusion
In the process of making this paper, it can be concluded that magnetism is
not just a natural stone that has a magnetic field. However, behind its
distinctive features, magnetism also has another side that cannot be separated
from its trademark. Among others:
1. Magnets are materials that have a magnetic field.
2. Magnets can attract ferromagnetic materials with their magnetic fields.
3. If a magnet meets a different magnetic pole it will attract one another.
Whereas if the magnet meets the same magnetic pole it will repel each other.
1. Magnets always have two poles, the north pole and the south pole.
2. Magnets can be made with simple materials and methods.
3. Magnets are very useful in various fields, especially in the field of science
and technology and the health sector.

3.2 Suggestion
1. The need for further research on the use of magnets, because maybe
magnets still have other uses.
2. Make the best use of magnets for the benefit of many people.
3. For the community, it's better to use natural medicine like with magnetic
therapy.

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BIBLIOGRAPHY

https://www.academia.edu/28018465/Makalah_magnet
http://syifakrisma.blogspot.com/

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