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Materials Engineer Test Reviewer ratio is not exceeded.

a) 30 minutes c) 45 minutes
1. Scales for weighing aggregates and cement shall be accurate within ____ % b) 15 minutes d) 60 minutes
throughout the range of use. Scales shall be inspected and sealed as often as the
Engineer may deem necessary to assure their continued accuracy. 7. A sample from a bituminous mix weighs 1000 grams. At extraction, it
a) 1.0 % c) 0.5 % was found out that the dry aggregate weighed 950 grams. What is the %
b) 1.5 % d) 2.0 % of asphalt by weight of mix?
a) 5.2 % c) 5.4 %
2. When cement is placed in contact with the aggregate, batches may be rejected b) 5.0 % d) 4.8%
unless mixed within _____ hours of such contact.
a) 1.5 hours c) 0.5 hours 8. The minimum penetration of the preservative with the surface of the
b) 2.0 hours d) 2.5 hours timber piles shall be ____
a) 150 mm c) 250 mm
3. When mixed at the site or in a central mixing plant, the mixing time shall not b) 200 mm d) 100 mm
be less than ______ nor more than ____ unless mixer performance test prove
adequate mixing of concrete in a shorter time period. 9. The contractor shall submit in writing a job-mix formula for the
a) 30 seconds nor more than 90 seconds mixture supported by laboratory test data along with samples of resources
b) 50 seconds nor more than 90 seconds of components and viscosity – temperature relationships to the Engineer
c) 60 seconds nor more than 120 seconds for testing and approval at least ____.
d) 90 seconds nor more than 120 seconds a) two weeks c) one week
b) three weeks d) four weeks
4. The flow of water shall be uniform and all water should be in the drum by the
end of the first ____ seconds of the mixing period. 10. The concrete samples should be stored in a moist conditioned
a) 45 seconds c) 15 seconds temperature within the range of ____ until the time of test.
b) 30 seconds d) 20 seconds a) 18* C to 24* C c) 14* C to 24* C
b) 15* C to 18* C d) 18* C to 28* C
5. Concrete not place within ____ minutes from the time the ingredients were
charged into the mixing drum shall be used. 11. This is used in soil stabilized road surface due to its high ____
a) 120 minutes c) 60 minutes property, that is, it absorb and retain water.
b) 150 minutes d) 90 minutes a) Potassium Chloride c) Magnesium Chloride
b) Calcium Chloride d) Sodium Chloride
6. When concrete is delivered in truck mixers, additional water may be added to
the batch and additional mixing performed to increase the slump to meet the 12. The mass % wear of soil aggregate used in cement/lime proportions
specified requirement if permitted by the Engineer, provided all these operation are not be more than ____ .
performed within ____ after the initial mixing operation and the water and cement

a) 40 % c) 45 %
b) 50 % d) 55 % 20. The specific gravity magnesium sulfate solution used in soundness test
for aggregate should be within the range of ____ .
13. The uniform rate at which the movable head of the CBR machine travel is a) 1.280 to 1.408 c) 1.295 to 1.308
_____ . a) 0.05 in
b) 1.180 to 1.308 d) 1.195 to 1.318
/ min c) 0.08 in /min
b) 0.10 in /min d) 0.09 in /min 21. Aggregate accounts for 92 – 95 % of the weight of the bituminous
mixture asphalt accounts for 5 – 8 % of the weight of the mix. The exact
14. Cast in place concrete shall not be post – tensioned until at least ____ and percentage to be used is determined by the _____
until the compressive strength has reached the strength specified. a) Trial mix c) Job mix
a) 7 days c) 14 days b) Design mix d) Job order
b) 10 days d) 20 days
22. _____ is an indication that the asphalt mix is overheated.
15. The penetration test is an indication of the ____ of asphalt. a) Blue smoke c) Rising steam
a) Consistency c) Hardness b) Stiff appearance d) Mix slumps in truck
b) Softness d) Flash Point
23. In checking the temperature of the mix, the thermometer should be
16. Specification requires one (1) Quality test for every ____ of asphalt inserted into the mix at least ____.
a) 20 tons c) 50 tons a) 2 inches c) 4 inches
b) 200 tons d) 40 tons b) 6 inches d) 6.0 mm

17. The ____ is the most commonly used method in the design and evaluation
24.of _____ is applied on existing bit, or cement concrete surface with
bituminous concrete mixes. bituminous materials.
a) Job mix formula c) Marshall Stability a) Bituminous Prime Coat c) Bituminous Seal Coat
b) Design mix d) Extraction b) Bituminous Tack Coat d) Bituminous Surface Treatment

18. Vibration shall operate a frequency of 8,300 to 9,600 impulses per minute25. The solution used in the soundness test of aggregate shall be cooled
under load at a maximum spacing of ____ cm. to a temperature of 21 +or – 1* C and maintain at that temperature for at
a) 30 cm c) 60 cm least _____.
b) 50 cm d) 40 cm a) 24 hours c) 48 hours
b) 36 hours d) 18 hours
19. The specific gravity of Sodium Sulfate used in soundness test for aggregate
should be with in the range of ____. 26. Proper compaction of the fill materials is very important, as it will
a) 1.151 to 1.174 c) 1.051 to 1.154 ______. a) Increase the shear strength
b) 1.250 to 1.178 d) 1.058 to 1.184 b) Decrease permeability

c) Minimize compressibility a) one week c) two weeks
d) All of the above b) 14 days d) 12 days

27. In which DPWH item is emulsified asphalt not suitable? 34. Asphalt cement shall not be used while it is foaming nor shall be
a) Item 301 c) Item 304 heated at ____ at anytime after delivery.
b) Item302 d) Item 308 a) 107* c) 120*
b) 159*
28. Unconfined compressive strength test is usually performed on ______.
a) Sandy soils c) Organic soils 35. Moisture content of aggregate in bit mix shall not exceed ____ of the
b) Silty soils d) Clayey soils time it is introduce into the mixing unit.
a) 1.5 mass % c) 1 mass %
29. Consolidation test is usually performed on ____ samples b) 2.0 mass %
a) Disturbed c) Consolidated
b) Undisturbed d) both a & b 36. Batching tolerance for Sand and Aggregate is ____.
a) 1 % c) 3 %
30. A concrete core sample having a maximum height of less than _____ of its b) 2 %
diameter before capping or height less than its diameter after capping shall not be
tested. 37. Between stage of curing, concrete shall not be exposed for more than
a) 93 % c) 95 % how many hours? a) 24 hours c) ½
b) 94 % d) 96 % hour b) 3
hours d) 72 hours
31. The cohesion and internal friction of soil is tested by
a) Tri axial shear test c) Bearing test 38. As a Materials Engineer, what will you do with major honeycombed
b) Direct shear test d) All of the above area that is considered as defective work?
a) Plaster
32. In concrete acceptance, core will be considered adequate if the average b) Payment of the concrete will be made an adjustment
strength of the cores is equal to what? c) Removed and replaced at the expensed of the contractor
a) 80% of specified strength & if no single core is less than 75% of specified
strength b) 90% of specified strength & if no single core is less
39. If the strength of control specimen does not meet the requirement and
than 80% of specified strength c) 85% of specified strength & if not feasible to obtain cores due to structural consideration, as a Materials
no single core is less than 75% of specified strength Engineer what will be your decision?
a) Removed and replaced
33. Before the cement is to be used, sampling must be done at least _____ before b) Area will not be paid
use. c) Payment will be made at an adjusted price

40. After concrete has been placed, it is advisable to maintain fully welted and48.
in Minimum density of gabions is ___________.
position for how many hours? a) 1,000 kg/cu. m c) 1,400 kg/cu. m
a) 14 hours c) 72 hours b) 1,200 kg/cu. m d) 1,500 kg/cu. m
b) 24 hours d) 15 – 18 hours
49. Soundness loss of field gabions is __________________.
41. Rock shall be excavated to a depth ____ below sub grade within the limit of a) 9 % after 5 cycles c) 11 % after 5 cycles
the roadbed a) 100 b) 10 % after 5 cycles d) 12 % after 5 cycles
mm c) 200 mm
b) 150 mm 50. The heating temperature of reflector zed thermoplastic material
during application is _____
42. Minimum penetration of all piles shall be ____. a) 130 +/- 7* C c) 200 +/- 7* C
a) 3 meter c) 7 meter b) 150 +/- 7* C d) 211 +/- 7* C
b) 6 meter d) 4.5 meter
51. Submission of sample minimum quantity of material for asphalt cement
43. Piles shall not be driven within 7 meters of concrete less than _____ old. is -------.
a) 7 days c) 28 days a) 5 kg c) 20 kg
b) 14 day b) 10 kg d) 100 kg

44. Paint contains _____ of pigment and _____ vehicle. 52. For how many years does the small Contractor given to procure
a) 20 % & 80 % c) 79 % & 21 % necessary testing equipment?
b) 21 % & 79 % d) 80 % & 20 % a) 2 years c) 5 years
b) 4 years d) 6 years
45. Minimum thickness of bedding materials beneath the pipe is _____.
a) 100 mm c) 200 mm 53. The depth of the weakened joints must not be less than ____ and a
b) 150 mm width of ___.
a) 40 mm & 6 mm c) 40 mm & 5 mm
46. Tolerance of gabion dimension is _________________. b) 50 mm & 5 mm d) 50 mm & 6 mm
a) +/- 1% c) +/- 3 %
b) +/- 2 % d) +/- 4 % 54. Used of bituminous cold mix for potholes patching during rainy/ wet
period is acceptable a) false b) true
47. Minimum size of galvanized wire mesh is ____________.
a) 2.0 mm c) 2.7 mm 55. In soil, all boring shall be carried to a depth of at least ____ below the
b) 2.2 mm d) 3.4 mm proposed grade line.
a) 0.50 m c) 1.5 m
b) 1.0 m d) 1.8 m

56. The test that determine pile bearing capacity by loading one or more pile 63.
and I n a soil exploration, if the characteristic of rock is questionable, the
measuring settlement under load is _____. minimum depth of boring into the bedrock should be _______.
a) Vane shear test c) Pile load test a) 1.5 m c) 2.5 m
b) Plate bearing test b) 2.0 m d) 3.0 m

57. The weight of disturbed samples from hard auger or split spoon shall be at
64. Determine soil bearing capacity by loading a steel plate usually 30”
least ____. diameter.
a) 1 kg c) 10 kg a) Vane shear test c) Pile load test
b) 20 kg d) 100 kg b) Plate bearing test d) None of the above

58. Submission of sample for testing for cement is _____. 65. How many hours do aggregate stockpile or binned for draining before
a) 10 kg c) 15 kg being batch?
b) 20 kg d) 40 kg a) 1 hour c) 12 hours
b) 6 hours d) 24 hours
59. The length of Shelby Tube of an undisturbed sample is _____.
a) 10” long c) 20” long 66. What is the relative strength of mortar at 7 & 28 days of fine
b) 18” long aggregates, when tested for the effect of organic impurities, which is
higher than the standard?
60. For small project where quantity of steel bars is 10,000 kg or less, what is thea) not less than 90 % c) not less than 95 %
basis for acceptance of material? b) not less than 80 % d) not less than 98 %
a) No testing c) Mill certificate
b) P.E, certificate 67. What is the rate of loading for concrete beam tested for flexural
stress? a) 110 – 150 psi/sec c)
61. ______ determine the best combination of the material that will produce a 125 – 175 psi/sec
potentially stable & durable mixture. b) 115 – 150 psi/sec d) 130 - 175 psi/sec
a) Job mix formula c) Design of bituminous mix
b) Marshall formula 68. In concrete sampling paste shall be of normal consistency of _____
when the rod settles to a point below the original surface in 30 secs.
62. _______ is the rate of loading for concrete cylinder sample subject to a) 10 +/- 1 mm c) 15 +/- 1mm
compression test a) 20 - 40 psi/sec c) 15 – 40 b) 11 +/- 1 mm d) 20 +/- 1 mm
psi/sec b) 20 - 50 psi/sec
d) 15 – 40 psi/sec 69. What the temperature of a concrete sample?
a) 10 – 15 * C c) 15 – 18* C
b) 18 – 24 * C

77. Prime coat shall be left undisturbed for at least _____.
70. What is the wash loss of fine aggregates in the no. 200 sieve? a) 6 hours c) 24 hours
a) 1 % c) 3 % b) 12 hours
b) 2 % d) 4 %
78. The first phase of rolling the spread bituminous mix is called
71. Retarder can delay the setting time of concrete up to how many hours? breakdown rolling which is carried out by pneumatic roller, temperature
a) 1 hour c) 4 hours requirement must be _____.
b) 2 hours d) 8 hours a) 200 – 225* F c) 160 – 180* F
b) 190 – 199* F d)150 – 185* F
72. Super plasticizer can increase the strength of concrete up to how many
percent? a) 79.
40 – How many gradation ranges for hot plant mix bituminous pavement
60 % c) 50 – 70 % are there in the blue book?
b) 50 – 60 % d) 60 – 70 % a) 5 c) 7
b) 6 d) 8
73. ___________ is the moisture in an air – dried soil
a) Moisture Content 80. What is the plasticity index of mineral filler?
b) Natural Moisture Content a) not greater than 4 c) not greater than 8
c) Hygroscopic Moisture Content b) not greater than 6 d) zero
d) Hydrometer Moisture Content
81. If no core had been taken at the end of each day of operation and the
74. _________ is the tolerance of mix in bituminous. project has already been completed, a core shall be taken ________.
a) +/- 10* C c) +/-15* C a) for every 75 l.m,/lane c) for every 100 l.m/lane
b) +/-12* C d) +/-18* C b) for every 150 l.m/lane d) for every 1,000 l.m/lane

75. _________ Number of measurement taken in a core sample for thickness82. ________ is the slump of workable concrete if vibrated.
determination of the finish asphalt pavement a) 10 – 20 mm c) 40 – 50 mm
a) 3 c) 5 b) 10 – 40 mm d) 40 – 75 mm
b) 4 d) 8
83. ________ Burnt product which is used by Gypsum and pulverized to
76. In the absence of beam mold in site, cylinder mold is allowed by specification.form Portland Cement.
What is the required strength? a) Hydraulic cement c) Fly Ash
a) 2,500 psi b) 3,000 psi c) 3,500 psi d) 4,000 psi b) Clinker d) Volcanic Ash

84. When group index = 0, what is the grade of soil? 92. _______ is an empirical number used in evaluation for G.I.
a) weak soil c) good soil a) 0 – 15 c) 0 – 20
b) poor soil b) 5 – 20 d) 0 – 25

85. ______ is a process of breaking down of rocks into small pieces of various93. size It indicates good subbase materials when G.I. is equal to _____.
that can range from large boulders to very small clay particles. a) 0 c) 10
a) Consolidation c) Weathering b) 5 d) 20
b) Unconsolidation
94. It indicates very poor subbase materials when G.I. is equal to _____.
86. ________ is the limit were further loss of water due to evaporation which willa) 0 c) 10
not result in reduction of volume. b) 5 d) 20
a) Plastic limit c) Shrinkage limit
b) Liquid limit 95. ______ indicates the composition of soil.
a) Atterberg Limit b) Plasticity Index
87. ________ a classification of soil which 35% or less the particles pass through
no. 200 sieve. a) Grain size soil c) Silty clay materials 96. The higher the value of PI of the soil, the weaker will be the soil
b) Granular materials d) Clayey materials performance as a _____.
a) True c) Depend
88. ________ a classification of soil which 35% or more of the particles pass b) False d) None of the above
through no. 200 sieve a) Course Sand Soil c) Silty-Clay Materials
b) Granular Materials d) Clayey Materials 97. _______ the Plasticity Index of group of soil
a) 0 c) 10
89. It evaluate the quality of soil as highway subgrade material. b) 6 d) 11
a) Atterberg Limit c) Group Index
b) Plasticity Index d) Liquid Limit 98. _______ is the minimum percent of A-6 group classification of soil.
a) 0 % c) 35 %
90. When soil has plasticity index value of 10, what is the criteria of the material?b) 25 % d) 36 %
a) Coarse grain c) Clayey
b) Sandy d) Silty 99. _______ is the maximum of G.I. of Silty Clay Materials
a) 0 c) 20
91. When plasticity index is equal b) 25 d) 35
a) Coarse grain c) Clayey
b) Sandy d) Silty 100. When the value of G.I. is negative, what will be the soil performance?
a) Poor Subgrade c) Good subgrade
b) Very good subgrade d) None of the above

109. If slag is used, the density of coarse aggregate is ______.
101. The weight of Sandy soil for Hydrometer Analysis is ______. a) 30 – 100 kg/cu. m c) 1,120 kg/cu. m
a) 10 grams c) 50 grams b) 150 kg /cu. m d) 1,400 kg/cu. m
b) 25 grams d) 100 grams
110. Mass percent loose for fine aggregates when tested in Clay lumps is
102. The weight of Clayey or Silty soil for Hydrometer Analysis is ______. _____.
a) 10 grams c) 50 grams a) 0.10 c) 0.80
b) 25 grams d) 100 grams b) 0.25 d) 1.0

103. A 25 grams fine grained soil can be dried in about ______. 111. _________ is a type of cement which shall be transferred to an
a) 1 hour c) 3 hours elevated, air tight and weather proof bins storage.
b) 2 hours d) 4 hours a) Portland Cement c) Bulk Cement
b) Pozzolan Cemenr d) None of the above
104. A 25 grams sandy soil can be dried in about ______.
a) 1 hour c) 3 hours 112. Scales for weighing aggregates and cement shall be accurate within
b) 2 hours d) 4 hours _____.
a) 0.1% c) 0.5%
105. ________ is a type of soil in which most of the soil grains are of the same size.
b) 0.25% d) 1.9%
a) Poorly graded c) Gap graded
b) Well graded d) Non of the above 113. The minimum thickness of conventional concrete as the surface course
in monolithic pavement is _____.
106. The soil grained are force apart by the water added, thus the grain is reduced,a) 50 mm c) 100 mm
what is the method used? b) 75 mm d) 150 mm
a) Lubrication c) Swelling
b) Welting d) Saturation 114. _____________ determines the resistance of the emulsion to break
when mixed with mineral aggregate.
107. Percent passing loose for coarse aggregates when tested for clay lump is a) Viscosity Test c) Spot test
_____. a) 0.1 b) Distillation Test d) Cement Mixing
mass percent c) 0.8 mass percent
b) 0.25 mass percent d) 1.0 mass percent 115. _____________ is an instrument used for rapid in – site measurement
of the structural properties of existing road pavement.
108. The mass percent passing loose for coarse aggregates when tested in soft a) Pundit Ultra Sonic Concrete Tester
fragment is ____. a) 0.10 c) 3.5 b) Dynamic Core Penetrometer
b) 0.25 d) 1.00 c) Falling Weight Deflectometer
d) Core Test

116. How many days does the emulsified asphalt must be tested after delivery123.
at The batches shall be so charged into the drum that a portion of the
temperature 40*F(4.5*C). mixing water shall enter in advance of the cement and aggregate. The flow
a) 10 days c) 14 days of water shall be uniform and all water should be in the drum by the end
b) 12 days d) 16 days of the __ seconds of the mixing period.
a. 20 seconds b. 15 seconds c. 10 seconds d. 5 seconds
117. In bituminous mixture asphalt content is 5 – 8% and 92 - 95% aggregates,
what will be the amount of additives? 124. The time elapsed from the time water is added to the mix until the
a) not more than 2% c) more than 2% concrete is deposited at the site shall not exceed __ minutes when
b) not more than 3% d) more than 4% concrete is hauled in the truck.
a. 60 minutes b. 70 minutes c. 90 minutes d. 50 minutes
118. ___________ determines the effect of water on the cohesion of the mixture
a) Stability Test c) Distillation 125. When concrete is delivered in truck mixers, additional water may be
b) Solubility d) Immersion-Compression Test added to the batch and additional mixing performed to increase the slump
to meet the specified requirement if permitted by the Engineer, provided
119. The distance of the sample by grooving before rotating the brass cup is _____.
all these operation are performed within __ minutes after the initial mixing
a) ¼” c) ¾” operation and the water and cement ratio is not exceeded.
b) ½” d) 1” a. 42 minutes b. 45 minutes c. 47 minutes d. 49 minutes

120. The most common method of assessing strength and stiffness of both 126. Concrete not placed within __ minutes from the time the ingredients
subgrade and pavement is _______. were charge into the mixing drum should not be use.
a) FDT c) SPT a. 90 minutes b. 92 minutes c. 95 minutes d. 97 minutes
b) CBR d)Non of the above
127. The completed pavement shall be accepted on a lot basis. A lot shall
121. How many days do the specimen for CBR soaked? be considered as __ linear meter double lane
a) 1 day c) 3 days a. 300 linear meter b. 400 linear meter c. 500 linear meter
b) 2 days d) 4 days d. 600 linear meter

122. When mixed at the site or a in central mixing plant, the mixing time shall
not Each lot shall be divided into __ equal segment and one core will be
be less than ___ seconds nor more than __ seconds unless mixer performance test obtained from each segment in accordance with AASHTO T24.
prove adequate mixing of the concrete in a shorter time period. a. 3 b. 4 c. 5 d. 6
a. 30 seconds nor more than 90 seconds
b. 50 seconds nor more than 90 seconds 129. Aggregate account for 92 – 95% of the weight of the bituminous mix
c. 60 seconds no more than 120 seconds while asphalts for 5 – 8% of the weight of the mix. The exact percentage
d. 90 seconds nor more than 120 seconds to be used is determine by the _________.

a. Blue Smoke b. Job Mix c. Extraction Test a. 100 grams b. 30 grams c. 50 grams d. 20 grams

139. These are widely used to control the characteristics of soil which are to
130. _______________ is an indication that the asphalt is over heated be incorporated in roadway.
a. Blue Smoke b. Job Mix c. Extraction Test a. Shrinkage Limit b. Cement and Soil Limits
c. Liquid and Plastic Limits
131. The penetrator test is an indication of the _Consistancy_ of the asphalt
140. This is defined as the highest moisture content of which the mass
132. ____________________ is the most common used method in the design andattains its minimum volume but continues to lose weight /mass.
evaluation of bituminous concrete mixes. a. Shrinkage Limit b. Cement and Soil Limits
a. Extraction Test b. Marshall Stability Test c. Bulk Specific Gravity c. Liquid and Plastic Limits

133. ______________ determines the asphalt content in the bituminous mixes. 141. __________ is an apparatus used in determination of specific gravity
a. Extraction Test b. Marshall Stability Test c. Bulk Specific Gravity of Hydraulic Cement.
a. Le Chattelier Flask b. Marshall Flask c. Autoclave Machine
134. Cast in place concrete shall not be post-tensioned until at least __ days and
until the compressive strength has reached the strength specified. 142. ____________ is an equipment used in determination of soundness of
a. 5 days b. 10 days c. 15 days Portland Cement
a. Le Chattelier Flask b. Marshall Flask c. Autoclave Machine
135. This is the characteristic generally used for calculation of the volume occupied
by the aggregate in various mixture containing aggregates including Portland
Cement concrete, bituminous concrete, and other mixtures that are proportioned 143. Asphalt shall be homogeneous, free from water, and shall not foam
or analyzed on an absolute volume basis. when heated to _______________.
a. Apparent Specific Gravity b. Marshall Stability Test a. 175* C(347* F) b. 180*C(352*F) c. 185*C(357*F)
c. Bulk Specific Gravity
144. _________________, Test of Asphalt indicate the rate at which the
136. ___________________ pertains to the relative density of the soil material asphalt emulsion will break when mix with aggregate.
making up the constituents particle not including the pore space within the a. Cement Mixing b. Consolidation c. Penetration
particles that is accessible to water.
a. Apparent Specific Gravity b. Marshall Stability Test 145. The lost in weight of rock used in gabions when tested to sodium
c. Bulk Specific Gravity sulfate, soundness loss shall not exceeds____.
a. 8% b. 9% c. 10%
137. Weight of sandy soil needed for Hydrometer test is __________.
a. 100 grams b. 150 grams c. 200 grams 146. Gabions dimensions are subject to a tolerance limit of __________.
138. Weight of silty or clayey soil needed for Hydrometer test is _________. a. +/- 3% b. +/-5% c. +/-7%

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c. 250 to 300 cu m/s or 250 to 300 centistokes
147. The pour point of concrete joint sealer shall be at least ________ lower157.
than _____________ is the viscosity used to grade asphalt cement.
the safe heating temperature, which is the maximum temperature to which the a. 149 F ( 60*C ) b. 160*F(71*C) c. 165*F(76*C)
material may be heated without exceeding the permitted flow.
a. 11*C (20*F) b. 14*C(23*F) c. 17*C(26*F) 158. The coarse aggregate used in asphalt mix is ______________ .
a. Retained by 2.36mm (no 8 sieve)
148. The penetration of concrete joint sealer, Hot Poured Elastic Type shall not b. Retained by
a. 80 b. 90 c. 70 d. 50 159. The application temperature of emulsified asphalt range from ____.
Ans. 10-71*C
149. The CBR is generally selected at _______________penetration.
a. 2.54 mm (0.10 in) b. 5.08mm (.20 in) c. 7.62mm (.30in) 160. When the tar is used for seal coats, it shall be heated to free flowing
but not to exceed ___________. Ans. 149*C
150. If the ratio at 5.08 mm (0.21 in ) penetration is greater, the should be _Rerun_
161. _______ is used to determine the soil strength parameter. Ans.
151. If the check test gives a similar result, the ratio at 5.08 mm penetration shall Unconfined and Tri-Axial Compression Test
be adopted or used________
162. ________ is used to determine the settlement characteristic of soil.
152. The penetration piston of CBR machine should have a uniform penetration at Ans. a Consolidation
rate of _______________.
a. 1.30 mm/min b. 1.50 mm/min c. 1.70 mm/min 163. The weight of disturbed samples from hard auger or split spoon shall
be at least__________ Ans. 1.0 kg
153. During soaking maintain the water level in the mold and the soaking tank is
approximately _____________ above the top of the specimen. 164. The undisturbed samples from Shellby Tube shall be at least______.
a. 25.40 mm ( 1.0 in ) b. 50.80 mm (2.0 in) c. 76.20 mm (3.0 in) Ans.. 18” long

154. Soak the specimen for _____________. 165. _______ determines the pile bearing capacity by loading one or more
a. 96 hours ( 4days ) b. 48 hours (2 days) c. 72 hours (3 days) piles and measuring settlement under load. Ans. Pile Load Test

155. The diameter of penetration piston is _________ . 166. ________ determines the in-site shear strength of soft to medium
a. 49.63 +/- 0.23 mm b. 50.50 +/-0.23mm c. 48.5 +/-0.23mm clay. Ans. Vane Shear Test
156. The temperature of the asphalt cement delivered to the mixer shall be as
required to achieve a kinetic viscosity in the range of ______. 167. _______ determine the soil bearing capacity by loading a steel plate
a. 150 to 300 cu m/s or 150 to 300 centistokes usually 30 inches in diameter. Ans. Plate Bearing Test
b. 200 to 300 cu m/s or 200 to 300 centistokes

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168. Laboratory which measures, examines, calibrate or otherwise determine the
characteristic or performance materials or products. Ans.. Testing Laboratory
178. For liquid asphaltic materials, this test is run on the residue after
distillation.. Ans.. Quality Test
169. Standard technical procedure to determine one or more specified characteristic
of material product is called___. Ans. Test Method 179. This is one of the most important engineering properties of
soil. It is defined as its ability to resist sliding along internal
170. A document which prevents the test results and other information relevant to surface within the mass..
test is called _____ Ans.. Test Report Ans.. Shearing Strength of Soil

171. __________ is a document signed by the Director of BRS issued to Testing

180. This is an arbitrary measurement of consistency and is the basis of
laboratory authorizing them to perform the required test in behalf of DPWH. Ans.classification of all solid and semi-solid asphalt.
Certificate of Accreditation Ans.. Penetration Test of Asphalt

172. This test have been developed to measure the loss of cohesion as a result
181.of This is a process tomeasure the consistency of liquid asphaltic
water action on the compacted bituminous mixture. materials to determine their fluidity or resistance to flow.
Ans. Film Stripping & Immersion – Compression Test Ans.. Viscosity Test

173. This mean porosity or perviousness of the mixture, a dense grade mix prevent
182. _________ was developed in order to differentiate bituminous
water from entering the base through the surface. materials with respect to hardening characteristic.
Ans.. Permeability Ans.. Thin Film Oven Test

174. This is used in classifying liquid asphalt into grades. It is useful as a measure
183. Plant-mixed bituminous mixtures should be sampled in accordance
to control of consistency, particularly when run at the temperature of intended with the Standard Method of Sampling Bituminous Mixture. A sample not
application Ans… Viscosity Test less than ______ kg is taken and place in sample bag that would insure
against contamination. This is taken every 75 cu m or 130 tons of mix.
175. This test determines the total bitumen content of a asphaltic materials, which Ans.. 10 kgs
is the actual cementing constituent of the asphalt.
Ans.. Solubility Test 184. The bearing blocks of the compression machine should be at
least _____ greater than the diameter of the specimen.
176. This is an accelerated test to show the loss of volatiles when the sample is Ans.. 3.0 %
heated at 163*C for five hours and the loss due to volatilization is determined.
Ans… Loss on Heating 185. The bottom bearing block shall be at least _____ thick when new
Ans. 1.0” ( 22.50 mm )
177. This test classifies the different asphalt into types and the different types into
grade. Ans.. Consistency Test

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186. The bottom bearing block shall be at least _______ thick after any resurfacingc) Mineral Filler
operations.. Ans. 0.9” ( 22.50 mm ) b) Fine d) Admixture

187. The curing temperature of a specimen before testing is ______. 196. Liquid asphalt is also called ___________.
Ans. 18*C to 24*C a) Cutback asphalt c) Blown asphalt
b) Emulsion d) Asphalt cement
188. The apparatus used to determine the flash point of asphaltic material is called
____ Ans. Cleveland Open Cup 197. The different test for soil classification are:
a) compaction and FDT
189. The asphalt samples for ductility and penetration test should be subjected to b) Hydrometer test and moisture content
water bath at a temperature of 25*C for ____. c) Grading, LL and PL test
Ans.. 11/2 hours
198. The apparatus/equipment used in the liquid limit and plastic limit test
190. The concrete shall not be left exposed for more than ____ hour between is called___ . a) sieves and chisel c) mortar
stages of curing or during the curing period. and pestle b)
Ans.. ½ hour Atterberg Device and glass plate

191. The rate of application of bituminous prime coat is ____. 199. _________ is a method of laboratory sampling.
a) 1-2L/sq. m. c) 0.2-1.5L/sq. m. a) Mixing c) Proportioning
b) 0.2-0.7L/sq. m. d) 0.5-2L/sq. m. b) Using mechanical splitter/quartering

192. Another name for asphalt joint filler is_______. 200. In laboratory compaction test/moisture density relation test, what is
a) asphalt cement c) blown asphalt the specification of rammer?
b) rock asphalt d) cutback asphalt a) 5.5 lb. (2.5 kg) with 12 in drop c) 10 lb. (4.5 kg) in weight with 18 in
drop b) 8 lb. (3.6 kg) in weight with 16 in drop
193. In asphalting work, there are _______ phase of rolling
a) 2 c)1 201. What is the specification of mass present passing in sieve 0.075 mm
b) 3 d) 4 (No. 200 ) grading “A” for aggregate base course.
a) 20-14 c) 0 – 6
194. The _____ test determines the asphalt content in the bituminous mix. b) 0 – 12
a) Grading c)Extraction
b)Bulk Specific Gravity d) Absorption 202. The number of specimen samples in testing concrete hollow block is
195. In a bituminous mix, there are 3 kinds of aggregate. What kind of passes the a) 6 pcs./20,000 units (3 for absorption test and 3 for strength test )
no. 200 sieve? a) Coarse

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b) 4 pcs./20,000 units
c) 8 pcs./20,000 units 211. The minimum compressive strength for class A concrete is ________.
a) 3,000 psi. ( 20.7 MN/sq. m )
203. Is it really necessary to cure concrete specimen? b) 2,400 psi. ( 16.7 MN/sq. m. )
a) Yes c) No c) 5,000 psi. ( 37.7 MN/sq. m. )
b) None of the two
212. What is the significance of determination of the tensile properties of
204. The kind of test that determines the consistency of concrete is _____. reinforcing steel bars? a) This method is intended to determine the
a) Slump test c) Abrasion test yield and tensile strength of the bar as well as its elongation, and is used
b) Specific Gravity to classify the bars into grade
b) This method is intended to evaluate the ductile properties of the
205. What is the dimension of concrete cylindrical sample? reinforcing bars c) None of the above
a) 6” dia. And 12” high c) 8” dia. And 14 high
b) 4” dia and 8” high 213. A tie bar should be ______
a) deformed bar b) round bar c) flat bar
206. In the absence of concrete beam mold at the project site, are concrete
cylindrical molds allowed by the specification to be used in sampler for item214.
311 – A dowel bar should be ____________.
PCCP? a) Yes b) may be a) deformed bar b) round bar c) flat bar
c) No
215. The mortar for masonry shall consist of ________.
207. The minimum percent compaction for embankment is _______. a) one part Portland Cement and 2 parts of sand
a) 92% c) 95% b) one part Portland Cement and 3 parts of sand
c) 97% c) one part Portland Cement and 4 parts of sand

208. The minimum percent compaction for base of the road is ______. 216. The apparatus used to measure the thickness or height of compacted
a) 100% b)110% bituminous paving mixture.
c) 105% a) Ruler b) Vernier Califer c) Steel Tape

209. The CBR value of aggregate base course is not less than ____. 217. It is used in calculating the unit weight of the mixture and the degree
a) 80% b) 90% of compaction of the asphalt pavement.
c) 85% a) Bulk Specific Gravity of compacted bituminous mixtures using saturated
surface dry specimen.
210. The CBR value of aggregate subbase course is not less than ____. b) Dry unit weight of compacted bituminous mixtures
a) 25% b)35% c) Mass of specimen in water
c) 30%

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218. The test which covers the quantitative determination of bitumen in hot- mixedb) Emulsified Asphalt
paving mixtures and pavement samples for specification acceptance, service c) Blown Asphalt
evaluation, control and research. a) Extraction b) Spot Test
Flash Point 226. ________ is a kind of liquid asphalt which is a mixture of asphalt
cement and gasoline a) rapid Curing Cutback
219. The solvent used in extraction of bitumen is _____. b) Blown Asphalt
a) Diesel oil b) Gasoline c) Water c) Joint Filler

220. The percent of bitumen content is computed based on ______. 227. Asphalt is defined as _________.
a) mass of raw sample b) mass of dry aggregate c)mass of a) A petroleum product
asphalt b) A dark brown to black cementitious materials whose consistency range s
from solid to semi-solid and whose main constituent is called bitumen
221. The method used to determine the grading of aggregate extracted from which is either found in nature or as a residue in petroleum refining.
bituminous mixture is ____. c) None of the above
a) Mechanical analysis of extracted aggregate
b) Stability Test 228. It is a kind of liquid asphalt which is a mixture of asphalt cement and
c) Viscosity water with emulsified with pungent odor.
a) Emulsified Asphalt b) Asphalt Cement c) Rapid
222. The drying temperature of sample is ________ Curing Asphalt
a) 110 +/- 5*C b) 100 +/- 5*C c)100*C
229. Joint filler in concrete pavement is a __________.
223. _______ is a solid asphalt which is a basic constituent of all other asphalt a) Blown Asphalt b) Hot asphalt c) Liquid
called as hot asphalt or penetration grade asphalt. asphalt
a) Asphalt Cement b) Emulsified Asphalt c)
Cutback Asphalt 230. A device used to measure the relative hardness of asphalt is
__________. a) Penetrometer
224. ________ is a kind of liquid asphalt which is a mixture of asphalt cement andb) Spectometer c) Vicat Apparatus
kerosene. a) Medium
Curing Cutback 231. A property of asphalt cement to stretch without breaking is
b) Asphalt Cement called________. a) Ductility
c) Rapid Curing Cutback b) Durability c)Tensile

225. ________ is a kind of liquid asphalt which is a mixture of asphalt cement

and It is a point where the volatile components of asphalt will evaporate.
oil. a) Slow Curing Cutback a) Fire Point b) Flash Point c)
Center Point

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241. ____________ is a property of bituminous mixes in pavement to resist
233. It determines whether asphalt is over heated or not during the process of disintegration or deterioration due to the action of water, traffic and
manufacture. a) Spot Test b) Boil Test changing climate
c) Extraction Test a) Durability b) Flexibility
234. An apparatus used to determine the specific gravity of asphalt is called
______. a) Metal Pycnometer b) Glass 242. ____________ is a property of bituminous mixes in pavement adjust
Pycnometer c) any bottle itself to settlement a) Flexibility b) Rigidity
235. Consistency test for asphalt is called___________.
a) Viscosity b) Slump test c) Loss
in These are the factor affecting the workability of bituminous mixes
ting a) Gradation of aggregate, quality of asphalt, and temperature of mix
b) Surface texture and temperature mix
236. A process of volatilization test which measures the relative proportion of c) Quantity of aggregates and asphalt content
asphalt to oil. a) Distillation b) Extraction
c)Float Test 244. The dry molded asphalt sample in the immersion compression test is
submerged in water for ____.
237. It is a period wherein the asphalt begins to melt. a) 4 days b) 4 hours c) 2 days
a) Softening Point b)Boiling Point c)Fire Point
245. The percent index retention is computed in the formula ___________.
238. The sampling requirement of asphalt is _____ . a) Wet Stability/Dry Stability x 100
a) 1 sample for every 200 drums or 40 metric tons b) Dry Stability/Wet Stability x 100
b) 1 sample for every 100 drums c) Wet Stability – Dry Stability/Dry Stability x 100
c) 1 sample for every shipment
246. The sampling requirement of bituminous mixes is _____.
239. The component of bituminous mixes which range from 92 to 96% is called a) 1 sample for every 75 cu. m.
__________. a) Bituminous Blended Aggregate b) 1 sample for every 150 cu. m.
b) Concrete Aggregate c) 1 sample per delivery per day
c) Sand
247. The application of liquid asphaltic material on a prepared untreated
240. ____________ is a property of bituminous mixes in pavement to resist base is _____.
deformation or displacement due to impose load or repeated loading. a) Prime Coating
a) Stability b)Flexibility c)Tensile b) Seal Coating
c) Tack Coating

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248. The application of liquid asphaltic material to an existing surface is ____ .
a) Tack Coating c) Prime Coating 257. The placing temperature for bituminous mixture measured in the truck
b) Seal Coating prior to dumping is ______.
a) at least 107*C b) at least 120*C c) at least 150*C
249. The application of asphaltic material and aggregate to an existing surface for
the purpose of sealing it against the infiltration of water or surface The second phase of rolling the spread bituminous mixture is called
called ____ a) Seal Coating b) Tack Coatingbreakdown rolling which is the one responsible to attain the maximum
c) Prime Coating density. This rolling is carried out by the use of ______.
a) pneumatic roller b) steel roller c) sheepfoot
250. The rate of application of prime coating using cutback asphalt is ______. roller
a) 1-2 liters/sq. m b) 0.5-1 liter/ sq. m c) 2-3 liters/sq. m
259. The significance of final rolling is to remove the roller marks to
251. The rate of application of tack coating using liquid or emulsified asphalt is previous rolling in order to have a good finish pavement with a
__________. a) 0.2- temperature of 160*F.
0.7 li/sq.m b) 0.1-0.5 li/sq. m c) 2 li/sq. m. a) True b) False c) Maybe

252. The rate of application of seal coat using asphalt cement is ________. 260. The proper way of rolling should begin at _____________________.
a) 0.9-1.8 li/sq. m b) 10-11 li/sq. m c) 8-9 li/sq. m a) the sides and proceeds longitudinally towards the roads center, each
strip overlapping on half the roller width, gradually progressing the crown
253. The rate of application of seal coat using cutback asphalt is ________. of the road
a) 1.5-3.0li/sq. m b) 2.0-3.0 li/sq. m c) 1-2 li/sq .m b) the center and proceeding longitudinally toward the side of the road
c) any part of the road provided each strip overlapping on half the roller
254. The primary quality control mechanism for the production of asphalt mies with width
high degree of uniformity that will satisfy job requirement is ________________.
a) Job mix formula b) Quality control formula c) Assurance 261. What is the minimum degree of compaction of asphalt pavement?
a) not lee than 97% of the density of the laboratory compacted specimen
255. The objective of designing the asphalt mixture is determination of ______. b) not less than 100% of the density of the laboratory compacted
a) Type and grade of asphalt, proportion of coarse, fine and mineral filler, if used specimen
and asphalt content. c) not less than 85% of the density of the laboratory compacted specimen
b) To produce a desirable characteristic of pavement which are stable, durable,
flexible and skid resistance. 262. What is the color of asphalt when it is overcook?
C) All of the above a) yellowish brown b) black c)gray

256. The percent asphalt content in hot laid bituminous mixture range from ______
a) 5-8% b) 4-6% c) 5-10%

17 -
263. _____________ determines the thickness and density of compacted asphalt
pavement. a) Core test
272. The design of concrete mix specified by the blue book is based on
b) FDT c) X-ray ________________.
a) Absolute Volume Method b) Area Method c) American Method
264. The cored sample of asphalt pavement is measured at ______________.
a) approximately quarter points 273. The minimum flexural strength requirement of beam sample when
b) three points tested by third point loading method is ____________.
c) two points a) 3.5 Mpa b) 3.8 Mpa c) 4.0
265. Too much asphalt content in the bituminous mixes causes ____________ .
a) bleeding b) potholes c) cracks 274. The minimum flexural strength requirement of beam sample when
tested by midpoint method is ____________.
266. The wearing away of the pavement surface caused by the dislodging of a) 4.5 Mpa b) 3.5 Mpa c) 5.0 Mpa
aggregate particle is called ______________.
a) raveling b) alligator crack c) rutting 275. ____________ are additives used in mixing concrete.
a) sodium chloride b) admixtures c) curing
267. Interconnected cracks forming a series of small blocks resembling an alligator’s agent
skin or chicken wire is called ____________.
a) alligator cracking b) reflection cracking c) bleeding 276. ____________ determines the consistency of concrete.
a) Slump Test b) consolidation test c)
268. __________ is the type of cement to be used in the DPWH infrastructure viscosity
project as indicated in the Blue Book.
a) Portland Cement Type I b) Pozzolan Cement Portland Cement Type 277.II Equipment used in the consolidation of fresh concrete.
a) jack hammer b) vibrator c)
269. If the fine aggregates are subjected to five cycles of sodium sulfate soundnessdrilling machine
test, the weighted loss shall not exceed ___________
a) 10 mass percent b) 5 mass percent c) 3 mass percent
278. The prescribed forms to be used in concrete paving is called
____________ a) steel forms
270. If the coarse aggregate are subjected to five cycles of sodium sulfate b) wooden c) combination of steel and wood
soundness test, the weighted loss shall not exceed____________.
a) 12 mass percent b) 15 mass percent 10 mass percent
279. The initial setting time of Portland cement is not less than
271. The mass percent of wear of coarse aggregates for item 311 when tested by a) 30 min. b) 60 min. c) 90 min.
AASHTO 96 is not greater than ____________.
a) 40% b) 45% c) 50%

18 -
280. The final setting time of Portland cement Type I is _____________. 289. The standard dimension of concrete cylindrical sample is
a) 10 hrs. b) 24 hrs. c) 36 hrs. ___________. a) 6” dia. and 12” tall b)
6” dia. and 6” tall c) 6” dia. and 8” tall
281. The standard sand used in testing the mortar strength of Portland cement is
called __________. a) Ottawa Sand b) Beach Sand 290. There are two layers in performing sampling of beam samples. How
c) River Sand many number of blows are required per layer?
a) 63 blows b) 75 blows c) 50 blows
282. The apparatus used in determining the fineness of Portland cement by air
permeability is __________ . 291. There are three layers in performing sampling of concrete cylinder.
a) Blaine Air Permeability Apparatus How many blows are required per layer?
b) Sieve No. 200 a) 25 blows b) 30 blows c ) 35 blows
c) Gillmore
292. The formula which determines the proportion of the mix which can
283. A mixture of cement and water is called ____________. meet the desired strength requirement of concrete is called____________.
a) cement paste b) mortar paste c) concrete a) design of concrete mix b) Boyle’s Formula c) Bernouli’s
paste Formula

284. The apparatus used to determine the initial and final setting of cement 293.
in the The minimum testing requirement for every project is indicated in a
laboratory is _________. duly approved________. a) Quality Control Program
a) Gillmore needles b) Bailey needle c) Vicat apparatus b) Program of Work
c) Work Schedule
285. The compressive strength of cement mortar sample in seven days is not less
than _________. a) 19.3 MN/sq. m b) 20 MN/sq. m 294. It is prescribed in each project based on estimated quantities and
c) 24 MN/sq. m specifies the kind and number of test for each item of work.
a) Minimum number of work
286. What is the appearance of the molded cement paste which fails to meet the b) Minimum Testing Requirement
autoclave expansion.______________. c) Work Schedule
a) crumble b) shiny c) changes color
295. Embankment materials delivered at the job site was about 12,000 cu.
287. The dimension of beam sample for paving concrete is ___________. m. The minimum test requirement calls for 1 – G, P, C for every 1,500 cu.
a) 6” x 6” x 21” b) 6” x 6” x 24” c) 4” x 4” x218” m. a) 10 – G, P, C
b) 8 – G, P, C c) 6 – G, P, C
288. The critical number of days of curing concrete is ____________.
a) first seven days b) first 10 days c) 28 days 296. of There is 1 – Q cement required for every _________________.
a) 4,000 bags or fraction thereof

19 -
b) 2,000 bags or fraction thereof a) 1 – set consisting of 3 concrete cylinder samples for not more than 25
c) 10,000 bags pipes cast in the field and 1 – inspection report for each size for not more
than 25 pipes cast in the field.
297. There is – Q of cement required for every ____________________. b) inspection report is enough
a) 20,000 kg or fraction thereof c) Mill Certificate
b) 10,000 kg or fraction thereof
c)115,000 kg or fraction thereof 305. The minimum test requirement for paint is ______________.
a) 1 – sample for every 100 cans or fraction thereof
298. How many set of beam samples taken for every 75 cu. m. of concrete pouredb) 1 – sample for every 50 cans or fraction thereof
per day? a) one ( 1 )c) Mill Certificate
set b) two ( 2 ) sets c) three ( 3 ) sets
306. The minimum test requirement for water used in concrete for a
299. In a completed pavement, what is the minimum core samples required beforequestionable source is ______.
payment is effected? (Assuming that the thickness is 23 cm. ) a) P.E. Certificate b) 1 – Quality Test
a) Five holes per km per lane b) One hole per 500m c) P.E. c) Inspection Report
307. Based on the maximum dry density obtained by laboratory test, the
300. In a Barangay road, what is the minimum requirement for thickness degree of compaction required for aggregate subbase should be at least
determination of its completed pavement? _______________________.
a) Five holes per km per lane b) P.E. Certificate c) One hole a) 95% c) 100%
b) 98% d) none of the above
301. A qulity test is one of the minimum requirement for item 200 – aggregate
subbase course. a) True b) False 308. Per our present Specification for Highways and Bridges including
c)optional amendments, it is mandatory to open PCCP to traffic not later than
302. There is no CBR test for item 300 – aggregate surface course. a) 7 days after pouring b) 21 days after pouring
a) True b) False c) optional c) 14 days after pouring d) 28 days after pouring

303. In item 311 and 405, grading is perform _______________. 309. In casting reinforced concrete railings, the concrete used is
a) for every 75 cu. m. _____________.
b) for every 300 cu. m. a) Class A1 c) Class C1
c) none b) Class A2 d) any of the preceding classes

304. For pipe culverts and storm drains, the minimum test is 1 – Pipe for every
50 For efficient compaction, the embankment materials should at the time
pipes. What is the alternative requirement? of rolling be ______.

20 -
a) dry c) at optimum moisture content c) water and fine aggregates
b) wet d) at maximum moisture content b) fine aggregates d) neither a and b

311. For a road base course the most preferable material is one with CBR of 319. The most favorable period for curing concrete is ______________.
____________. a) a) during the first few days or week
60 c) 50 b) after 3 days
b) 30 d) 80 c) after one week
d) before 28 days
312. Peat and muck are ______________.
a) fair subgrade spoil c) unstable soil 320. Lower water content ratio in concrete mixes improves
b) stable soil d) good subgrade soil ________________. a) strength
c) water tightness
313. The slump test on concrete is a measure ______________ b) durability d) all of the preceding
a) strength c) consistency
b) unit weight d) durability 321. When concrete must be placed in a sloping surface, placing should
start at the __________. a) bottom c)
314. The fineness modulus is highest of _________________. can be top or bottom b)
a) fine sand c) very coarse sand top
b) very fine sand d) coarse sand
322. The maximum percent abrasion loss allowed for concrete coarse
315. If concrete is continuously moist cured, it will gain strength beyond 180 days.aggregate is __________. a) 30%
a) True c) it depends on curing temperature c) 45%
b) False b) 40% d) 50%

316. The quality of paying concrete is usually measured by its _____________. 323. The plasticity index of aggregate base course should be not greater
a) compressive c) flexural than ___________. a) 6
b) tensile d) bond strength c)10
b) 8 d) 12
317. Generally speaking, batching of concrete aggregates by volume is preferable
than weight. a) True 324. In casting of reinforced concrete pile, the concrete used is
c) False b) they
____________. a) A1
are the same c) C1
b) D d) C2
318. If angular coarse aggregate is used in a concrete mix, it will require more
________________ a) water

21 -
325. The natural water content of highly organic soil is __________. 333. A soil which is classified A-7 by the highway research board method
a) less than 20 c) between 50 and 100 will have a subgrade rating of __________.
b) between 20 and 50 d) more than 100% a) excellent c) fair
b) good d) poor
326. Which of the following dead load is equivalent for loose sand, earth and gravel
fill? a) 2,403334. The empirical number used in design is ____________.
tons/cu. m. c) 1,603 tons/cu. m. a) plasticity index b) group index
b) 1,922 tons/cu. m. d) 2,150 tons/cu. m. c) both of the preceding

327. Rate of application for curing compound is _______________. 335. Soil is fully saturated at optimum moisture content.
a) 0.30 li/sq. m. c) 0.15 li/sq. m. a) true b) false c) it depends on
b) 0.20 li/sq. m. d) 0.10 li/sq. m. void ratio

328. During coring of completed pavement, how many cores /km/lane is required
336. as Water content of soil is generally base on ____________.
per specification? a) total weight of soil c) weight of solids
a) 4 c) 6 b) total volume of soil d) unit weight test
b) 5 d) 7
337. Optimum water content of soil is determined by ______________.
329. What is the correct proportion for concrete masonry work? a) field density test c) compaction test
a) 1: 2 c) 1: 4 b) liquid limit test d) unit weight test
b) 1: 3 d) 1 : 5
338. The particle size distribution of soil is determined by
330. The opening of No. 4 sieve is bigger than the opening of a ¼ sieve. __________________.
a) true b) false c) they are the same a) liquid limit granular c) sieve analysis test
b) plastic limit test d) any of the preceding test
331. The standard compaction test on predominantly fine grained soils is performed
on soil fraction passing sieve no. ___________. 339. Which of the following are most suitable for construction of highway
a) 200 c) 16 embankments?
b) 40 d) 4 a) granular c) plastic
b) fine- grained d) clayey
332. Which plasticity index would you prefer for the base course of PCCP?
a) less than 6 c) 10 to 12 340. The particle size distribution of sandy gravel is determined by
b) 6 to 9 d) more than 12 ________. a) hydrometer test
c) dilantacy test b)
sieve test d) any of the preceding test

22 -
a) thermoplastic c) brittle
341. The best soil for a road subgrade would behave a group index of ___________ b) hyrophobic d) none of the above
a) less than 3 c) 11 to 15
b) 5 to 10 d) 16 to 20 349. The viscosity of the asphalt during mixing and lay down is
____________. a) viscosity at 135*C
342. The highest moisture content in the plastic state of fine grained soil is the c) viscosity at 60*C b)
___________. a) liquid limit b) plastic limit viscosity at 125*C d) viscosity at 163*C

343. Which of the following is characterizes unsuitable materials? 350. The trial section for compaction for each type of fill materials and type
a) soil with liquid limit exceeding 80 of equipment to be used in the work should have an area of__________.
b) plasticity index exceeding 55 a) 500 sq. m. c) 600 sq. m.
c) soil with natural water content exceeding 100% b) 335 sq. m. d) 400 sq. m.
d) all of the above
351. Control slip shall have an area of approximately ____________.
344. Shringkage factor test is _______________. a) 500 sq. m. c) 600 sq. m.
a) test to determine pay volume b) 335 sq. m. d) 400 sq. m.
b) test to determine strength characteristic
c) test to determine volume change 352. Fine aggregate used in asphalt mix is the one ________________.
d) test to determine maximum density a) passing the no. 8 sieve
b) passing the no. 30 sieve
345. Soil is fully saturated if the water content is ______________. c) passing the no. 200 sieve
a) at optimum amount c) more than 100&% d) returned the no. 8 sieve
b) 100% d) none of the peceeding
353. The corrugation produce by brooming is _____________.
346. The density to which a soil can be compacted is related to ____________. a) 1.5 mm. c) 2.5 mm.
a) compactive effort c) both a and b b) 2.0 mm. d) 1.0 mm.
b) water content d) neither a or b
354. The higher the ________, the lower the penetration.
347. Specification require 1 quality test every ___________ of asphalt mix. a) specific gravity c) durability
a) 40 ton c) 50 tons b) viscosity d) solubility
b) 130 tons d) 150 tons
355. The required thickness of the thermoplastic paint in PCCP is
348. All asphalt are _______, they became harder as temperature decreases and __________. a) 3.2 to 4.8 mm.
softer as their temperature increases. c) 3.3 to 3.8 mm.
b) 3.0 to 4.5 mm. d) 3.2 to 4.0 mm

23 -
356. What percent of hydrated lime shall be added to the mixture during mixing362. The Spot Test on asphalt is used to determine what?
operation of asphalt mix? a) cleanliness c) safe working temperature
a) 0.5 to 1.0 mass % c) 0.75 to 1.2 mass % b)overheating during manufacture d) viscosity of the mix
b) 1.0 to 1.5 mass % d) 0.2 to 0.7 mass %
363. Under what climate conditions do we use higher penetration grade
357. As Materials Engineer, what would you recommend in order to check the asphalt cement? a) hot climate c)
suitability and efficiency of the equipment to used prior to subbase construction for
cold climate b)
item 310, Bituminous Concrete Surface Course? rainy weather d) none of the above
a) make a trial section c) make trial mix
b) establish control strips d) none of the above 364. What is the basis for rejection or acceptance of any construction
materials? a) Certificate of Billing
358. Quality of factor – produced reinforced concrete pipes may be best established c) Statement of work accomplished b)
through what? a) compressive Materials Test Report d) none of the abcve
strength test
b) flexural strength test 365. Initial rolling of bituminous mixes shall be performed with a ______
c) core test roller. a) vibrator c)
d) crushing strength test sheepfoot
b) pneumatic d) none of the above
359. Result of Immersion – Compression test conducted on a bituminous mix
sample are as follow: Dry stability + 2,000 Kpa, Wet stability = 1,000 Kpa, What
366. is In abituminous mix sample, what is the % of asphalt by a) weight of
the resulting Index of Retained Strength? aggregate and by b) weight of mix? Given the following data: Weight of
a) 60% c) 50% dry aggregates (after extraction) = 950 grams: Weight of Mix = 1010.
b) 55% d) 70% A. a) 6.32% b)5.50% c) 6.0% d) none of the above
B. a) 5.50% b) 6.32% c) 6.0% d) 5.94%
360. In DPWH Contract Projects, Quality Control is the sole responsibility of
___________. 367.
a) the What grade of asphalt has a penetration grade of 0 – 30?
DPWH project personnel a) emulsified asphalt c) blown asphalt
b) the government’s Materials Engineer b) asphalt cement d) none of the above
c) the Contractor
368. Problems regarding quality of construction materials shall be reported
361. As Materials Engineer, when is the right time to start sampling and testing of directly by the Contractor’s Materials Engineer to the ____________.
materials to be incorporated into the work? a) DPWH Materials Engineer c) Contractor’s Project Engineer
a) before final payment b) before start of work items c) b) Contractor d) none of the above
before first partial payment

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369. If the RC pipes in the forgoing problem is not cast in the field, how many
pipes Who will approve the Job Mix Formula?
will be required to be subjected to the Crushing Strength test? a) DPWH Project/Materials Engineer
a) 75 pcs. b) 70 pcs. c) 100 pcs b) Contractor
c) Contractor’s Materials Engineer
370. How many concrete cylinder samples are required for 3,500 pcs. of reinforced
concrete pipes? a) 14 sets of 3 c) 75 sets of 3 378. What control during the mixing and compaction of the bituminous
b) 140 sets of 3 d) none of the above pavement is of great significance in the resulting pavement?
a) compaction c) grading of aggregates
371. What is the bitumen obtained from the distillation coal or wood? b) density d) temperature
a) rock asphalt c) emulsion
b) tar d) none of the above 379. In asphalt pavement construction, there are three phases of rolling;
what kind of roller is required to be used for the final compaction and
372. How do you reduce the viscosity of Medium – Curing Cutback Asphalt? By smoothing?
mixing it with _______. a) pneumatic roller b) sheepfoot roller c) tandem- smooth wheeled roller
a) gasoline c) kerosene
b) diesel d) emulsion 380. What is the maximum speed of the roller in compaction of asphalt
pavement? a) 4 kph c) 8
373. What establish the exact percent of aggregates and asphalt content in a kph
bituminous mix _______. b) 5 kph d) 6 kph
a) design mix c) job mix formula
b) job order d) extraction formula 381. What shall be checked after final rolling?
a) degree of compaction b) optimum asphalt content c)
374. What greatly influence the serviceability of an asphalt pavement? quantity of aggregates
a) quality of aggregates and climate
b) penetration grade and quantity of asphalt 382. When is the completed asphalt pavement opened to traffic?
c) density and compaction of completed pavement a) when the asphalt has cooled to atmospheric temperature
b) when the asphalt has cooled to +/- 10*C of the spreading temperature
375. In asphalt pavement construction, how is the surface level of the completed c) when asphalt is still hot
pavement check? a) by T – core test b) by density test c)
by the use of 3 meter straight edge 383. The apparatus used in determining the consistency of asphalt cement
is ___________. a) penetrometer b) viscometer
376. What primarily influence the grade of asphalt to be selected? c) thermometer
a) penetration c) climate
b) class of aggregate d) temperature 384. How is the consistency of liquid asphalt determined?
a) viscometer b) Tag open cup c) penetrometer

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385. The Optimum Asphalt Content obtained in Marshall Stability Test is the 394.
average This is the only class of riprap that may consist of round natural
asphalt content of the Maximum Stability, Maximum Bulk Specific Gravity, and stones. Ans.. Class A Riprap
_________________. a) 4% Air Voids b) 2 mm flow c) 5%
mineral content 395. The surface of riprap shall not vary from the theoretical surface by
more than _________ mm. ay any point.
386. What test determines the safe working temperature of the asphalt? Ans.. 100 mm.
a) Ductility test b) Flash Point Test c) Stability Test
396. Fine aggregates of masonry shall all passes the ________ mm. sieve.
387. _________________ are usually tested for extraction. Ans.. 2.36 mm (No. 8 sieve )
a) Asphalt Mixes b) emulsions c) asphalt cement
397. Mortar that is not used within ______ minutes after the water has
388. Steel bars for the concrete reinforcement are tested for their __________ been added shall be discarded.
properties. a) tensile and bending b) compressive Ans. 90 minutes
c) crushing
398. Maximum projection of rock faces beyond the pitch lines shall not be
389. What method is used in determining the strength of concrete pipes? more than _____. Ans.. 50 mm.
a) third point loading method
b) center point loading method 399. In hot or dry weather, the masonry shall be satisfactory protected
c) three edge bearing method from the sun and shall be kept wet for a period at least _________ after
completion. Ans.. Three (
390. How many units shall be tested for strength, moisture and absorption in a lot 3 ) days
of 120,000 CHB Ans.. 18 units
400. For pavement markings, the composition of white paint shall be
391. For 250 gallons of Reflectorized Traffic Paint, how many samples are required_______ pigment and ______% of vehicle
to be submitted for Quality Testing? Ans.. 42 – 45 % pigment ; 53 – 55% vehicle
a) 3 samples b) 2 samples c) 4 samples
401. The composition of yellow paint shall be _______ pigment and ______
392. The bituminous mix should have a mass % of air voids within the range of vehicle. Ans.. 23% pigment and 77% vehicle
__________. a) 2 to 3% b) 1 to 4% c) 3
to 5% 402. The __________ material shall be of such quality that it will not
darken or become yellow when a thin section is exposed to sunlight.
393. Traffic paint shall be applied to the pavement at the rate of 0.33 li/sq. m. andAns.. Non volatile material
shall dry sufficiently to be free it from cracking from ___________.
Ans. 150to 30 mins.

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403. ___________ consist of beads of good quality, optically clear, lead free glass
with not less than 90% reasonably spherical and free from flows. 412. These are finely divided residue that result from the combustion of
Ans. Ballotini for reflective road paint ground or powdered coal. Ans. Fly Ash

404. ___________ is a reflector which shall be the short base type having a 413. A light spray application of asphalt to an existing pavement as a seal
maximum base area of 180 mm x 140 mm. to inhibit raveling, or seal the surface or both.
Ans. Flash surface reflective stud Ans.. Fog Seal

405. The pads shall be highly resilient and durable rubber reinforced with canvas
414. A light application of bituminous material for the express purpose of
and shall have a design life of at least ____________. laying and bonding loose dust.
Ans. Five ( 5 ) years Ans.. Dust Binder

406. The reflectors shall have the minimum specific intensity value The aggregate that is graded from the maximum size, down to and
______ of illumination. including filler, with the object of obtaining a bituminous mix with a
Ans.. Candle power per foot candle controlled void content and high stability is called. Ans. Dense – graded
407. The reflector shall support a vertical load of _____ when tested.
Ans. 10 KN 416. The bituminous material used to fill and seal cracks in existing
pavement is called______. Ans. Crack filler
408. When raised profile type reflector are specified the approved _______ epoxy
adhesive shall be used . 417. The application of sprayed bituminous coatings not involving the use of
Ans. Two ( 2 ) parts aggregate is called_____.
Ans. Bituminous application
409. Expansion joint filler having a nominal thickness of less than ________ mm.
shall not be subject to a requirement for water absorption. 418. A mixture of bituminous material and mineral aggregate usually
Ans. 9.5 mm prepared in a conventional hot – mix plant or drum mixer at a temperature
of not more than ______ and spread and compacted at the job site at a
410. Expansion joint filler having a nominal thickness of less than ________ mm. temperature above _______.
shall not be subject to a requirement for compaction. Ans. 260*F (127*C)/200*F (93*C)
Ans.. 13 mm.
419. __________ is an application of low viscosity bituminous material to
411. Strip of the joint filler that do not conform to the specified dimension within an absorptive surface designed to penetrate, bond, and stabilize this
the permissible variation of ______ mm. thickness ________ in depth shall be existing surface and to promote adhesion between it and the new super-
reflected. Ans. +/- 1.6 to – 0 thickness ; impose construction.
+/- 3mm. in depth Ans. Prime Coat

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420. A uniform application of a mixture of emulsified asphalt, fine aggregate,428. The glass beads used in traffic paint shall have a minimum of ______
mineral filler, and water to an existing pavement , single or multiple application % true spheres. Ans. 70%
may be used. Ans. Slurry Seal
429. The glass beads shall have a minimum refractive index of ______ .
421. _____________ is an application of bituminous material applied for an Ans. 1.50
existing, relatively non-absorbent surface to provide a thorough bond between old
and new surfacing. Ans. Tack Coat 430. The white thermoplastic material shall not exceed a yellowish index of
______. Ans. 0.12
422. ____________ is a bituminous aggregate application to any type of road or
pavement surface for the purpose of providing a wearing course, or surface431. seal or The thermoplastic material shall have a maximum percent residue of
both. Ans. Treatment _____ after heating at 8 +/- 0.5 hours at 218 +/- 2*C
and Seals Ans. 28%

423. ___________ is a bituminous-sand application to an existing pavement 432.

to seal The softening point of thermoplastic paint should be _______.
the surface and to function as a light – wearing course. Ans. 102.5+/-9.5*C
Ans. Sand Seal
433. What kind of water shall be used in laboratory test especially if it deals
424. ___________ is a spray application of bituminous material used to temporarilywith chemical? Ans. Distilled Water
stabilize a recently seeded area. The bituminous material can be applied to the soil
or to a straw or hay mulch as a tie down. 434. Liquid limit brass cup with a sample is raised and allowed to drop
Ans. Mulch treatment sharply on the base through a height of what?
Ans. 10 mm.
425. ___________ is a combination of bituminous material and aggregate that is
physically mixed by mechanical means, spread on the job site and compacted. 435. How many rotation per second will the crank of a liquid limit device
Ans. Bituminous Aggregate Mixtures be rotated? Ans. 2 rotation per seconds

426. __________ is a combination of bituminous material and mineral aggregate

436. What is the required size of calibrated sand used for FDT ?
applied at ambient temperature for use in patching holes, depression and distressAns. Any clean, dry, free- flowing, uncemented and passing # 10 and
area in existing pavement. Ans. Maintenance Mix retained # 200 sieve

427. __________ is a pavement construction using essentially one-size aggregate

437. What is the degree of compaction of soil having a maximum dry
which penetrated in place by an application of high viscosity bituminous material density of 2,250 kg/cu. m. and wet density of soil from hole is equivalent
followed by an application of smaller size course aggregate and thoroughly rolled,to 2,335 kg/cu. m. and average moisture content of 8.85%?
Ans. Penetration Macadam Ans. % degree of compaction = (dry density/Max. dry density ) x 100

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= [2,335/(1+8.85/100)] / 2,250 x 100 b) minimize future settlement
= ( 2,145.15/2,250 ) x 100 c) decrease permeability
= 9.34% d) all of the above

438. What is the standard diameter of an orifice in FDT sand cone? 445. Asphalt construction, compaction must be completed before the
Ans. ½” ( 12.7 mm ) mixture cools to _______.
a) 165*F ( 60*C ) c) 185*F ( 71*C )
439. Soil properties can be improved by ____________. b) 175*F ( 65*C ) d) 195*F ( 76*C )
a) Adequate compaction c) Maximizing water content
b) Additional binder d) Stabilization 446. Which contractor are required by DPWH to own the minimum material
testing equipment for pre-qualification purposes?
440. As construction progresses, you noticed that the materials delivered at the a) small c) large
project site are different from the one tested and passed the requirement, as b) medium d) all of the above
Materials Engineer what would you do?
a) Authorize the use of the materials 447. As percent asphalt increases in Marshall stability test, the % Air
b) Conduct immediate retesting of the materials for verification purposes voids____________. a) increases c)
c) Reject materials remains constant
d) Replace the materials b) decreases d) a or b

441. What is the test criteria for RCPC test with three ( 3 ) Edge Bearing Test?
448. The aggregate component contribute to shear strength and stability of
a) 0.3 mm. c) 0.5 mm. bituminous mixture . The desirable shape and surface texture of
b) 0.4 mm. d) 0.6 mm. aggregate is _________. a) round
and smooth surface c) round and rough texture
442. The Immersion – Compression test is prepared to determine_________. b) angular and smooth surface d) angular and rough
a) ductility c) stability texture
b) solubility d) flexibility
449. You can classify a soil sample in accordance to AASHTO through
443. The use of sea water in reinforced concrete is not allowed due to _________. a) Grain size analysis
____________. a) no effect c) both a and b b) Atterberg
b) cause of reduction in ultimate strength of concrete limit d) none of the above
c) induce corrosion of R.S.B
d) b and c 450. Who should take samples of materials and bring them to the
laboratory for acceptance purposes?
444. If the soil is properly compacted at MDD it will __________. a) DPWH Materials Engineer c) Contractor’s Project Engineer
a) increase stability/strength b) Contractor’s Materials Engineer d) DPWH Project Engineer

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459. What is the boundary between Coarse and Fine aggregates used in
451. How do you determine the diameter of RSB? concreting. a) passing No. 3/8 sieve
a) by Vernier Caliper b) by unit weight c) passing No. 6 sieve b)
passing No. 4 sieve d) passing No. 8 sieve
452. Cement which has been in storage for so long period that there is already
doubt as to its quality should be _____________. 460. The purpose of trial section is to check ___________________.
a) retested prior to use c) authorized to use a) the suitability of materials
b) not to used b) the efficiency of the equipment
c) the construction method proposed to be used
453. In abrasion test, a sample of 5,000 grams was subjected to abrasion, a 2,000d) all of the above
grams sample was retained in no. 12 sieve after washing, what is the abrasion
loss? a) 50 461. In FDT, the volume of hole is determined by what?
c) 60 b) 40a) Sand to fill hole over unit weight of dry sand
d) 30 b) Total material taken from hole over volume of hole
c) Wet unit weight over 1 + MC/100
454. Different brand of cement should not be allowed because _____________. d) Dry unit weight over MDD x 100
a) different in texture c) varies in strength
b) different in color when dried 462. What is the average compressive strength of the load bearing concrete
hollow blocks? a) 1,000 psi c) 600
455. An apparatus used for field density test is called ___________. psi b)
a) Sand cone c) Nuclear density meter 800 psi d) 1,200 psi
b) Rubber balloon d) all of the above
463. The surface condition of tack coat before the next course should be
456. Thickness tolerance in the construction of sub- base course is ____________.applied is _______. a) wet c) dry
a) +/- 10 mm. c) +/- 5 mm. b) sticky d) plastic
b) +/- 20 mm. d) +/- 15 mm.
464. The contractor shall give the Engineer at least _______ days notice
457. PH value of water used in concrete is ___________. prior to the beginning of work at the mill or shop where the metal
a) 4 to 6 c) 6 to 10 structure has been manufactured or fabricated, so that the required
b) 6 to 8 d) 3 to 5 inspection may be made.
a) 14 c) 21
458. In what item of work emulsified asphalt and cut back asphalt used? b) 17 d) 15
a) Tack Coat c) Seal Coat
b) Prime Coat d) Bituminous Surface Course Hot- Laid 465. The request for recoring shall be made by the contractor within
_________ weeks after the official result of the coring test has been

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released if the structure failed to meet strength requirement. c) Benkelman Beam
a) one ( 1 ) c) three ( 3 ) d) Merlin Road Roughness Measuring Device
b) two ( 2 ) d) four ( 4 )
471. In the foregoing illustration determine the average thickness of PCCP.
466. A revised design strength for concrete works was set forth from 14 days to 7 Position Actual Measurement
days for concrete pavement for national roads and _____ days for major 1 23.4
interchanges and busy intersection thus minimizing occurrence of road congestion. 2 23.5
a) seven ( 7 ) c) six ( 6 ) 3 23.6
b) three ( 3 ) d) four ( 4 ) 4 23.6
5 23.4
467. Compressive strength for mortar samples test at 3 days and 7 seven days can6 23.3
be considered for acceptance provided the strength of the samples at 7 days is not 7 23.3
less than ________ Mpa which is 85% of the compressive strength for 28 days 8 23.4
a) 22.08 c) 23.45 9 23.4
b) 24.84 d) 21.53 a) 23.433 b) 23.43 c) 23.4 d) 23.4333
472. Vibrator shall not be operated longer than ______ seconds in any one
468. The use of Fly Ash concrete mix as mineral admixture in PCCP and as ______location. a) 10 c) 20
% replaces the Portland cement in concrete mix. b) 15 d) 25
a) 15 c) 25 473. How many rotation per second will the crank of a liquid limit device be
b) 20 d)10 rotated? a) three ( 3 ) rotations per second
b) two and a half (2 ½ ) rotations per second
469. This is an instrument used to measure pavement deflections resulting from c) two ( 2 ) rotations per second
vehicle wheel loading. The results of the elastic deformation test are used to d) one and a half ( 1 ½ ) rotations per second
evaluate the structural condition of roads, and to help in the design of road 474. What is the required size of calibrated sand used for FDT?
strengthening measure and road capacity improvement a) passing sieve No. 30 retained No. 200
a) Dynamic Cone Penetrator b) passing sieve No. 20 retained No. 200
b) Falling Weight Deflectometer c) passing sieve No. 10 retained No. 200
c) Three ( 3 ) Meter Straight Edge d) None of the above
d) Benkelman Beam 475. When placing concrete, what is the required temperature of concrete?
a) less than 29*C c) less than 30*C
470. This an equipment which is used to measure differential deflection between b) less than 28*C d) less than 31*C
joints of a concrete pavement to determine the modulus of the existing slabs 476.for In PCCP coring, what is the specified thickness of an individual
use in the design of an overlay. measurement that shall not be included in the average?
a) Dynamic Cone Penetrometer a) less than 20 mm. c) less than 25 mm.
b) Falling Weight Deflectometer b) more than 20 mm. d) more than 25 mm.

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477. __________ is the wearing away of the pavement surface caused by the the aid of a clean hatcher or patty knife. a) 100 c)
dislodging of aggregate particles. 75
a) Rutting c) Shoving b) 85 d) 50
b) Raveling d) Corrugation 485. __________ test classify the different asphalts into types and the
478. This is the stage in compaction in which all free air is expelled and replaced bydifferent types into grades. a) Quality test c)
water, if further pressure is applied to the soil mass, the tendency is to reduce its Ductility test b)
volume. a) wetting stage c) Consistency test d) All of the above
saturation stage b) swelling
486. This is the most important volatilization test on liquid asphalt products,
stage d) none of the above its gives information as to the actual amount of constituents remove at
479. In this stage, additional water replaces some of the entrapped air and the soildefinite temperature. a) Extraction test
particles move closer together with a resulting increase in density. c) Evaporation test
a) wetting stage c) lubricating stage b) Distillation test d) Softening test
b) swelling stage d) all of the above 487. This test indicate the purity of asphalt.
480. All boring during soil exploration survey shall generally be carried to a depth ofa) Specific Gravity c) Solubility
at least ______ meter below the proposed grade line. b) Viscosity d) Ductility
a) one ( 1 ) c) 0.30 488. This is the most important factor which influence the stability of
b) two and half ( 2 ½ ) d) 0.50 bituminous mixture. a) Gradation of mineral aggregate
481. What is the factor that will influence the construction of stabilized road? b) Shape and surface texture of aggregate
a) Depletion of the supply of economically available materials c) Hardness of aggregate particles
b) High cost involved in the construction of the conventional types of road d) All of the above
c) If the road structure may be built by stages, and a properly designed road 489.
might The principal factor that effect the flexibility of bituminous mixture is
function briefly as a wearing course _______. a) the quality of bituminous binder
d) All of the above b)the quality of mineral filler
482. What is the meaning of ASTM? c) temperature susceptibility of the binder
a) American Standard for Testing Materials d) all of the above
b) American Standard for Testing and Materials 490. The application temperature of emulsified asphalt ranges from
c) American Society for Testing Materials ___________. a) 66* to 107*C
American Society for Testing and Materials c) 20* to 66*C
483. In sampling bituminous materials, the composite samples taken from a number b) 10* to 71*C d) 15* to 66*C
of drums should have a size sufficient for testing and should not be less _____ Concrete deposited in water shall be Class “A” concrete with a
called for in the guidelines on the submission of samples. minimum cement factor of _______ per cubic meter of concrete.
a) 5 liters c) 10 liters a) 12 bags per cu. m. c) 11 bags per cu. m.
b) 4 liters d) 6 liters b) 10 bags per cu. m. d) 9 bags per cu. m.
484. For semi solid materials, samples should be taken at the center of the 492. A tremie shall consist of a tube having a diameter of not less than
containers at least _____ mm. below the surface and 75 mm. from the sides with ______ mm. constructed in section s having flanged couplings fitted with

32 -
gasket with a hopper at the top. a) 200 c) soils with very low density, 800kg/cu. m. or below
c) 250 d) all of the above
b) 300 d) 150 501. The set of cylinders for each project shall be numbered consecutively
493. The fine aggregate used in stone masonry mortar shall all pass No.____ sieve.beginning with 1 and three specimens should be identified as A, B, and C.
a) 40 c) 30 At the early stage of pouring, the laboratory should be requested to break
b) 8 d) 3/8 the “A” cylinders at 7 days to check what? a) If the
494. The coarse aggregate used in Bituminous Concrete is _________. structure should be put in service at early stage
a) retained on a 2.36 mm. ( No. 8 sieve ) b) to check the mix design
b) retained on a 4.75 mm (No. 4 sieve ) c) To check if there is unusual development when admixture is used
c) retained on a 19.00 mm. ( No. ¾ sieve ) d) All of the above
d) both a and b 502. The field specimen should be cured from 4 to 7 days at the project
495. As Materials Engineer, will you permit the use of salvage soil aggregate for lieunder moist conditions obtained by __________.
stabilized road mix base course? a) covering with wet sand
a) Yes c) It depends b) covering with saw-dust
b) No d) Let the DPWH Project Engineer to decide c) covering with palay-strw
496. Is the accredited private testing laboratories owned by companies involved in d) all of the above
the supply of construction materials for DPWH project be allowed to test their 503.
own The cured cylindrical samples shall be transported to the Regional
products? a) Yes c) It dependsLaboratory or any testing laboratory accredited by the DPWH in
b) No d) Either a or c ________________. a) on
497. For small projects where the quantity of steel bars is less than 10,000 kgs. top of sand
What may be required as a basis of acceptance. b) carefully packed and crated surrounded with damp sawdust or palay
a) P.E. Certificate c) Inspection Report straw c) on boxes with sand surrounding the
b) Mill Certificate d) All of the above cylinders d) all
498. Lumber is considered well seasoned when its moisture content is between of the above
_________. a) 10 to 16% c) 10 to 14%
504. The penetration grade of concrete joint sealer, hot poured elastic type
b) 14 to 18% d) 15 to 20% is _________ a) 80 - 100 c)
499. Flushing of bitumen to the surface after belting or screeding the hot mixture 100 - 120 b)
denotes rich mixture. below 90 d) 40 – 60
a) true b) false neither of the two 505. The CBR is generally selected at what penetration?
500. Unsuitable materials are those materials containing detrimental quantities of a) 5.08 mm. c) 2.54 mm.
organic materials, such as grass, roots, and sewerage and those that is b) 3.1 mm. d) 3.50 mm.
_____________. 506.
a) high A soil aggregate that has a CBR value of 20 means that in the
organic soils condition tested, the resistance to penetration of the standard piston was
b) soils with liquid limit exceeding 80 and / or PI > 55 ______ of the standard resistance of a compacted soil or aggregate.

33 -
a) 40% c) 10% liters/sq. m. b) 1.0 to
b) 20% d) 80% 2.0 liters/sq. m. d) 1.10 to 2.0 liters/sq.m.
507. For liquid asphaltic materials, these are run on the residue after distillation.
a) consistency test c) ductility test 515. What is the weight boulders required for class A grouted riprap?
b) quality test d) cement mixing test a) 10 to 25 kgs c) 15 to 30 kgs.
508. The basic aim of compaction is to produce a soil mass that will satisfy what b) 15 to 25 kgs. d) 20 to 30 kgs.
criteria? a) settlement c) permeability
b) stability d) all of the above 516. Based on the maximum dry density obtained by laboratory test, the
509. When do the embankment become friable in dry weather , ravel at the edges degree of compaction required for aggregate subbase should be at least
and abrade severely under traffic and will become dusty in service and much of the _____________. a) 95%
binder soil is simply blown away during the dry season. c) 100%
a) the embankment is non- plastic b) 98% d) 90%
b) the embankment lacks compaction
c) materials fails CBR test 517. Where to determine the amount of mixing water to use when
d) none of the above compacting the soil in the field to attain maximum density.
510. When the embankment tends to soften in wet weather, and PCCP constructeda) Trial Section c) Control Strip
of such material develop ruts under traffic an d may shift and shove to develop a b) Field Density Test d) Lab. Compaction Test
wash board surface, the plasticity index of such material is ____________.
a) P.I. is too high c) P.I. is too low 518. For soil classification purposes as in AASHTO M45, what is not
b) neither a & b d) both a & b required? a) combined sieve and mechanical
511. What is the allowable smooth riding quality of PCCP? analysis b)
a) 5.00 mm. c) 3.00 mm. sieve analysis
b) 8.00 mm. d) 6.00 mm. c) the wash test
d) none of the above
512. What is the penetration grade of bitumen prime coat?
a) 60 – 70 c) 85 – 100 519. This is widely used to control the characteristics of soil which are to be
b 120 – 150 d) none of the above incorporated in roadways.
a) The Limit Test c) The Group Index
513. The spraying application temperature of all grades of asphalt cement should b) The soil classification d) all of the above
not be more than ________.
a) 211*C c) 135*C 520. In direct shear test, the soil is sheared to failure by moving one part of
b) 159*C d) 204*C the soil sample relatively to the other part along a pre-determined plane.
When several test are made on a soil under different normal loads and the
514. What is the rate of application of bituminous prime coat using cut back results are plotted in arithmetic scales, the resulting line is made in the
asphalt? a) 0.5 to 0.7 liters/sq. m. c) 1.0 to 1.1 form of ____________.

34 -
a) straight line c) parabola a) 100 kgs. c) 50 kgs.
b) hyperbola d) semi-elliptical b) 70 kgs. d) 80 kgs.

521. In conducting soil exploration survey, what equipment you will use in obtaining
527. The phosphorous content of reinforcing steel bars bigger than 9.0 mm
undisturbed samples. shall not exceed _______.
a) split spoon sampler c)screw type soil auger sampler a) 0.18% b) 0.06%
b) thin-walled sampler d) Post-hole auger sampler c) 0.08% d) 0.05%

522. Bituminous stabilization in the process of mixing intimately pulverized soil

528.and The permissible variation of reinforcing steel bars bigger than 9.0 mm.
bituminous material. What is the minimum bearing capacity (soaked CBR ) of the shall not exceed _____. a) 10% b)
mixture? a) 80% c) 98% 5% c)
b) 100% d) 95% 8% d) 6%

523. Portland cement stabilization roadmix base course is an intimate mixture529.

of A type of cement that sets and hardens by chemical interaction with
pulverized soil, Portland cement and water which is thoroughly compacted while inwater and is capable of doing so underwater.
a moist condition to form a structural road material when the cement hydrates and a) Portland Cement b) Hydraulic Cement
crystallizes. What is the mass percent wear of soil aggregate used in this c) Air-Retaining Portland Cement d) All of the above
stabilization? a) 40%
c) not more than 40% 530.
b) The spacing center to center of circumferential reinforcement of all
45% d) 50% pipes shall not exceed its wall thickness and shall in no case exceed
_______________. a) 150 mm.
524. For a rich mixture of cement in concrete, what determines the flexural strength
b) 200 mm.
of the concrete? a) Mortar strength c) both a & b c) 100 mm. d) 250 mm.
b) the strength of aggregate d) the water/cement ratio
531. Oversanded and undersanded concrete mixtures require more water in
525. This is a new method of soil stabilization being introduced to improved the order to be workable but will only result to ______________.
properties of soil which is effective and at the same time cheaper. a) good surface texture b) water tightens
a) Stabilization by the use of Geotextiles c) weak strength d) all of the above
b) Cement stabilization
c) Bituminous stabilization 532. For every lean mixes or low cement content of the mixture, What
d) Lime stabilization determines the flexural strength of the concrete.
a) The strength of aggregate b) The mortar strength
526. As per guidelines on submission of samples, laboratory trial mixes should be c) The water cement ratio d) All of the above
made on aggregates which are proposed tube used for the first time, in this case
what is the weight of fine aggregates to be submitted for testing?

35 -
533. This is a method of determining in-place density of soil that can be used541. What is the different between natural moisture content with
satisfactorily in moist, cohesive fine grained material only. The sample is obtainedhydroscopic moisture content? Ans. Natural moisture content is
by forcing a small thin walled cylinder into the material with a driving head and the moisture of undisturbed soil sample while hydroscopic moisture
hammer or other suitable apparatus. Ans. Drive Cylinder Method content is the moisture of air-dried soil sample.

534. This method of test is intended to determine the density of cohesive soil542.
and What is the formula used for moisture content determination?
stabilized soil by measuring the weight and volume of undisturbed samples. Ans. Moisture Content = (wt. Of water/wt. Of oven dried sample) x 100
Ans. Block, Chunk or Core Sampling
543. Weighing hot sample is not advisable as it affects the accuracy of
535. This method covers the determination of the density in-place of compacted orresult. Ans. True
firmly bonded soil by using a flexible membrane and liquid that can be used to
measure the volume of a test hole soil with an accuracy within 1.0%. 544. What are the methods use in reducing samples from the field to
Ans. By Rubber Balloon Method testing size? Ans. 1) sample splitter 2)
536. This method covers the determination of the total or wet density of soil and
soil aggregate in-place by the attenuation of gamma rays, where the gamma 545. What is the required temperature for oven drying the soil sample?
detector, or both, remains at or near the surface. Ans. 110*C +/- 5*C
Ans. Nuclear Method
546. How can you determine if the soil sample is already oven dried?
537. What are the three major groups of soil? Ans. dried if it reached its constant weight
Ans. 1) granular 2) fine grained 3) organic
547. How to prepare or to come up with air-dried soil sample?
538. What are the common laboratory test required for soil? Ans. air dry the sample under the heat of the sun
Ans. a) sieve analysis b) plastic and liquid limit test c) compaction test
(moisture-density relation) d) CBR e) Abrasion Test (Mass percent of Wear) 548. f) If impossible to air-dry the sample under the heat of the sun what
Unit weight g) Moisture Content alternative should be used? Ans. oven dry the sample at 60*C

539. What are the common field test? 549. Sample for compaction test should pass to what sieve?
Ans. To determine the degree of compaction of soil or it is a control test in Ans. method A & B use sample passing sieve #4; method C & D use
embankment construction to ensure adequate compaction sample passing #3/4

540. What is moisture content? 550. What is the difference between T-99 and T-180 compaction test
Ans. It is the amount of water present in the soil method? Ans. T-99 uses 2.5kg.(5.5lbs.)
rammer with a drop of 12” height, while T-180 uses 4.54kg.(10 lbs.)
rammer with a drop of 18” height

36 -
551. What are the particle size analysis? 561. What is the formula for plastic limit?
Ans. It is the determination of particle size distribution in soil by sieve, Ans. PL = (Wa – Wb)/Wb x 100
hydrometer, or combined analysis Where: Wa = original wt of crumbled soil thread
Wb = wt of oven dried crumbled soil
552. What are the other terms or particles size analysis?
Ans. 1) sieve analysis 2) mechanical analysis 3) grading test/analysis 562. What is Plastic Index (PI)?
Ans. It is the difference between the liquid limit and the plastic limit; PI =
553. What is the liquid limit? LL-PL
Ans. it is the lowest moisture content at which the soil will flow upon the
application of a very small shearing force. 563. What is specific gravity?
Ans. It is a gravimetric-volumetric relationship in soils (or defined as the
554. The liquid limit is expressed as the moisture content corresponding to what ratio of the wt in air of an equal volume of water at a stated temp.)
number of blows? Ans. 25 blows
564. What is the approximate area for density control strip?
555. What test are used in soil classification? Ans. 335 sq. m.
Ans. 1) grading or sieve analysis 2) plastic and liquid limit
565. What is the maximum depth of roadway embankment per horizontal
556. What is plastic limit? layer in loose measurement?
Ans. It is the minimum moisture content at which the soil can be readily molded Ans. 200 mm. ( 8” )
without breaking or crumbling
566. What item of work is embankment?
557. What kind of water shall be used in laboratory test especially if it deals with Ans. Item 104
chemicals? Ans. Distilled water
567. What is the kind of material used for item 200?
558. Liquid limit brass cup with sample is raised allowed to drop sharply on the baseAns. Aggregate subbase course
through a height of what?
Ans. 10 mm. 568. What is the required particle size for selected borrow for topping under
item 104 (embankment)?
559. How many rotation per second will the crank of a liquid limit device be rotated?Ans. All particle size will pass a sieve 75 mm. or 3” square opening and
Ans. 2 rotations per second not more than 15% will pass 0.075 mm. (No. 20) AASHTO 11

560. In doing a plastic limit test, to what diameter shall the soil thread began569.
to P.I. requirement for item 104 (selected common borrow) is
break? Ans. 3.2 mm. ( 1/8” ) __________. Ans. 6 maximum

37 -
570. L.L. requirement for item 104 (selected common borrow) is ____________. = (2,145.15/2,250) x 100
Ans. 30 maximum = 95.34%

571. What is the LL requirement for item 200 (aggregate subbase course) passing
579. Is the soil for No.45 passed the item 104 requirement for % degree of
sieve # 40? Ans. 12 maximum compaction? Ans. G or Grading = 2
P or Plasticity = 2
572. Coarse portion retained on sieve # 10 (2.00 mm.) of item 200 shall have a C or Compaction = 2
mass percent of wear by Los Angeles Abrasion test of _______________. D or Density = three in-site density test/500 sq. m.
Ans. 50% maximum
580. What are the test and number of test needed for 2,960 cu. m.
573. The required CBR value for item 300? Aggregate Base Course? Ans. sand cone, jug (at least 4
Ans. 25% minimum (AASHTO T 180 method D) liters), guide plate, moisture cans, sand, weighing scale, oven with
temperature control, chisel or digging tools, plastic bags and labeling
574. What is the minimum percent field density or degree of compaction for item materials (tag number)
104 (embankment)?
Ans. 95% minimum 581. What is the standard diameter of an orifice in FDT sand cone?
Ans. ½ inch (12.7 mm.)
575. What is the minimum degree of compaction for item 200 and 201?
Ans. 100% minimum 582. How many hours does a fine aggregates tested for specific gravity and
absorption be soaked in water?
576. What is the highest point in moisture density curve of the moisture density Ans. 15 to 19 hrs.
relation test or compaction test of soil represent?
Ans. MDD(Maximum Dry Density) and OMC (Optimum Moisture Content) 583. How will you determine if the fine aggregates reaches the saturated
surface dry condition? Ans. It is determine by the use of cone test
577. What is the required size of calibrated sand used for FDT? for surface moisture and if the molded shape of fine aggregate slump
Ans. Any clean, dry, free-flowing uncemented sand passing # 10 and retained # slightly it indicates that it has reached a surface-dry condition.
200 sieves
584. What are the test required for concrete aggregates?
578. What is the degree of compaction of soil having a maximum dry density Ans. 1) Fine Agg: Grading, specific gravity, absorption, dry unit wt.
2,250kg/cu. m. and wet density of soil from hole equivalent to 2,335kg/cu. m. and2) Coarse Agg: grading, specific gravity, absorption, dry unit wt, and
an average moisture content of 8.85%? abrasion Note: soundness is also tested as per
Ans. % Degree of Compaction = (Dry density/Max. dry density) x 100 request
Where ; Dry density = Wet density/(1+MC/100)
Wet density = wt of soil filled in a hole/volume of hole 585. What is the maximum mass % of wear by Los Angeles Abrasion Test?
% degree of compaction = {(2,335)/[1+(8.85/100)] x 100}/2,250 Ans. 40% maximum

38 -
586. What is the required speed of Los Angeles Abrasion Machine per minute?
596. What do you call the sample for structural concrete?
Ans. 30 to 33 rpm Ans. Concrete cylinder sample

587. What is the size or diameter and weight of cast-iron spheres use in abrasion?
597. What is the test use to determine the consistency of concrete?
Ans. Approximately 46.8 mm dia. and weighing between 390-455 grams Ans. Slump test

588. What is the required total wt. of sample for abrasion test of coarse aggregate
598. How to compute for the slump of concrete?
grading A with 12 number of sphere? Ans. Slump = Ht. Of slump cone – ht. Of fresh concrete after subsidence
Ans. 5,000 grams +/- 25 grams
599. How to compute for the compressive strength of concrete cylinder
589. What is the significance of abrasion test? sample? Ans. CS = P/A where: P = loads,
Ans. It evaluate the structural strength of coarse aggregates lbs. A = area, sq. m. A
- gives an indication of quality as determined by resistance to impact and wear = [rD(sq)] / 4 = 28.27 sq. m
- it determines whether the aggregate will have degradation during traffic or rolling
600. At what age should a concrete beam sample be tested for flexural
590. Quality test for cement is represented by how many bags of cement? test? Ans. 4 days
Ans. 2,000 bags or fraction thereof
601. How to compute the flexural strength for third point loading test?
591. What is the sieve use in sieving materials from Abrasion Machine? Ans. R = (PL)/(bxdxd) = P(18”)/(6” x 6” x 6”) = P/12
Ans. Sieve # 12 (1.70 mm.) where: R = modulus of rupture
P = Load in lbs. or tons
592. Testing machine should be calibrated once every six (6) months if possible butL = span length in inches
if it not possible what is the required time should the machine be calibrated? b = base in inches
Ans. Once a year d = depth in inches

593. What is the percent tolerance of error in calibrating the machine? 602. What is the minimum flexural strength for third point loading test?
Ans. +/- 1% Ans. 3.8 Mpa (550 psi)

594. What do you call a sample for concrete pavement? 603. What is the minimum flexural strength for center point loading test?
Ans. Concrete beam sample Ans. 4.5 Mpa (650 psi)

595. How many sample should be taken for every 75 cu, m. of fresh concrete?
604. How to compute for flexural strength at center point loading?
Ans. 3 pcs. sample or 1 set sample Ans. R = (3PL)/(bxdxd) = 3P(18)/2x9x6x6

39 -
605. Which part of the batch for fresh concrete should the sample be taken from
615. a What is the common components of house paint?
stationary mixers, revolving drum truck mixers or agitators? Ans. pigment and vehicle
Ans. two or more regular intervals during discharge of middle portion of the batch
616. What is this construction material that is dark brown to black
606. What is the size of tamping rod use in sampling concrete? cementatious material in which the predominating constituent are
Ans. 16 mm. (5/8 inches) diameter and 610 mm. (24 inches) long with the bitumen?
tamping end rounded to a hemispherical tip of the same dia. as the rod Ans. Asphalt

607. Concrete Masonry (hollow blocks) if subject to test, how many sample is617. What asphalt is commonly called hot asphalt?
required? Ans. 6 pcs./10,000 units 12 pcs. if more thanAns. Asphalt cement
10,000 units
618. What are liquid asphalt?
608. What is the strength requirement for load bearing concrete masonry units? Ans. Cut-back asphalt and Emulsified Asphalt
Ans. individual = 5.5 Mpa (800 psi) minimum
Average(for 3 samples) = 4.14 Mpa (600 psi) minimum 619. What is the use of blown asphalt or hard asphalt?
Ans. Use as joint filler or water proofing
609. What is the significance of testing reinforcing steel bars?
Ans. to determine the yield and tensile strength of the bar as well as its elongation SS-1 or SS-1h is what kind of asphalt?
and is used to classify the bars into grade Ans. Slow Setting Emulsified Asphalt

610. What is the required length of RSB for testing? 621. What are the three (3) kinds of Emulsified Asphalt?
Ans. 1 meter/10,000 kgs./size/shipment Ans. Rapid Setting, Medium Setting and Slow Setting

611. What is the significance of bending test for RSB? 622. What asphalt contains water?
Ans. to evaluate the ductile properties of RSB Ans. Emulsified Asphalt

612. What is the required size of test specimen for G.I. sheets? 623. What is the penetration grade for blown asphalt?
Ans. 60 mm. x 60 mm. ( 3pcs. from one sheet/100 sheets Ans. 0 to 30

613. What is the required sample for paint? 624. What is the ideal penetration grade of asphalt use in Tropical Region?
Ans. 1 can ( gal. or pail )/100 cans (gal. or pail ) Ans. 85 to 100 (but some uses 60 to 70)

614. What kind of paint had reflectance in the form of beads? 625. Tack coat is used in an existing bituminous or concrete pavement.
Ans. Reflectorized Traffic Paint Ans. True

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626. What is the rate of application of bituminous tack coat? 637. as a Materials Engineer of the project what is the report accomplished
Ans. 0.2 to 0.7 liter/ sq. m. every week? Ans. Quality Control Assurance Report

627. What is the rate of application of bituminous prime coat? 638. What do you call the report to be submitted at end of the month?
Ans. 1 to 2 liters/sq.m. Ans. Monthly Materials Report

628. For how many hours or how long shall a bituminous prime coat left 639. How to determine the proportion of cement , water, fine aggregates
undisturbed? Ans. 24 hrs. and coarse aggregates? Ans. by means of Concrete Design
629. What kind of asphalt is used as prime coat?
Ans. Cut-back asphalt (medium curing or rapid curing) 640. How to determine the thickness of pavement?
Ans. by means of concrete core
630. Bituminous prime coat is use to treat surface of base course.
Ans. True 641. How to determine the asphalt content of bituminous mix?
Ans. by means of extraction test
631. No tack coat or prime coat shall be applied when the weather is foggy or rainy.
Ans. True 642. In an extraction test, aside from the asphalt what other materials
being extracted? Ans. Aggregates or composite
632. What kind of asphalt is used as tack coat? aggregates ( minerals of fine & coarse aggregates)
Ans. cut-back asphalt (rapid curing) or emulsified asphalt
643. What is being determined in a core sample from asphalt pavement/
633. Where should the bituminous seal coat be used? Ans. thickness of pavement and density of pavement
Ans. on an existing bituminous surface course with or without an application of
aggregates 644. All records regarding quality control such as accomplishment, daily
activities, weather etc. are recorded in a ________.
634. If concrete cylinder sample for RCP is not available for compression test one Ans. Materials Log Book
(1) whole piece RCP for every 50 pcs. RCP will be submitted for quality test.
Ans. True 645. The standard penetration test (SPT) is an in-site test that measures
what? Ans. depth of soil layer
635. One set (3 pcs ) concrete cylinder sample shall be taken for every how many
pieces of RCP? Ans. 25 pcs. 646. Which of the following bituminous material is best recommended for
sealing weakened plane joints?
636. In submitting samples for testing, what particular form is being accomplished?Ans. Joint Filler Asphalt (commonly called hard asphalt)
Ans. sample card

41 -
647. The main problem associated with wrong practice of conveying concrete655. is The results of Immersion-Compression test conducted on an asphalt
called ______. Ans. Segregation mix sample are as follows: Dry stability = 2,000 Kpa
Wet stability = 1,000 Kpa
648. The specification call for 1:2:3 concrete mix. In one bagger mixer, which of the
What is the resulting index of retained strength? Does it meet the
following amount of water is most likely required for the mix? specification requirement of item 310 Bituminous Concrete Course?
Ans. 20 i\liters Ans. Index of Retained strength = (Wet stability/Dry stability) x 100
= (1,000 Kpa/2,000 Kpa) x 100
649. A one lane road, with a pavement width of 3.5 meters and shoulder width of = 50%
0.5 meter on each side of the pavement, was designed to have subbase and baseNo it does not meet the specification of item 310 since the specification of
courses with a combined thickness of 300 mm. If the thickness of the subbase is aIRS is 70% minimum while the resulting IRS is only 50%
125 mm. the spreading and compaction of the subbase and base course shall be
carried out in ______. Ans. 3 layer over the full
656. Quality Control testing in a DPWH project is the responsibility of the
width of 4.5 m. ___________. Ans. DPWH and Contractor’s Materials
650. as Material Engineer, what is the area of trial section that you would
recommend to check the suitability of the materials and efficiency of the 657. As Material Engineer, when is the right time to start sampling and
equipment to be used for item 310, Bituminous Concrete Surface course? testing aggregates of the course materials?
Ans. about 500 sq. m. Ans. before the course materials be incorporated in the project

651. Per program of work, the estimated volume of item 201 materials is 7, The spot test on asphalt is used to determine what?
m. How many grading and plasticity test are required based on the DPWH Ans. overheating during manufacture
minimum testing requirements? Ans. 25 grading and 25 plasticity
659. Under what climatic condition(s) do we use the lower penetration
652. Bituminous concrete mixes contain asphalt by weight equivalent to what? grades or hard asphalt? Ans. hot climate
Ans. 5 to 8%
660. Sampling of the freshly mixed concrete should be taken on the
653. Quality of factory-produced reinforced concrete pipes may be best established_______ batch discharge of the transit mixer.
through what? Ans. Test of concrete pipe samples Ans. middle

654. Where do we take additional cores when the measurement of any core 661. taken Soft and unstable soils were encountered during the course of
from the pavement is deficient in thickness by more than 25 mm? subgrade preparation. If you were the Materials Engineer assigned to the
Ans. At no less than 5 meters intervals parallel to the centerline in each direction project, what is the most effective and cheaper method that you would
from the affected location recommend to stabilized the soil prior to the construction of the subbase
Ans. Geotextiles

42 -
662. How many times per layer should a concrete specimen molded in a 6”x6”x21”
671. For surface tolerance the surface (bituminous mix) will be check by
beam mold be rodded? the use of a _____ at sites selected by the Engineer.
Ans. 63 times Ans. 3 meter straight edge

663. What is the basis for acceptance or rejection of any construction materials?
672. What is the sample requirement for paving concrete for every 75 cu.
Ans. Materials Test Report m. or fraction thereof? Ans. One (1) set (consisting of 3 pcs.)
concrete beam sample
664. In testing concrete cylinder sample the load applied should be continuous
without shock at a constant rate within the range of _______ per second. 673. In testing bituminous mix sample for Immersion-Compression Stability
Ans. 0.14 to 0.34 Mpa per second or 20 to 50 psi per second the sample is soaked in water bath for ______ days.
Ans. four (4)
665. During the application of the first half of the anticipated load a _______ rate of
loading shall be permitted. 674. Given: Wt. of dry aggregate = 950 grams
Ans. higher rate Wt. of asphalt = 50 grams
What is the total % of asphalt weight of total mix
666. Initial rolling in bituminous mixes shall be perform with a _____ roller. Ans. Wt. of total mix = wt. of dry agg. + wt. of asphalt
Ans. Pneumatic Tire Roller = 950 + 50 = 1,000 grams
therefore: (50grams/1,000grams) x 100 = 5%
667. Final rolling in bituminous mixes shall be perform with a _________ roller.
Ans. 3-wheel or Tandem type steel wheel roller 675. Does the percent asphalt in problem above meet the required
specification for percent asphalt in bituminous mixes? Why?
668. Rolling of bituminous mix shall be discounted whenever it begins to produce Ans. yes, because standard specification for percent asphalt in bituminous
excessive ______ or ________. mixes is 5 to 8%
Ans. pulverizing of the aggregate or displacement of the mixture
676. If the actual percent asphalt in the problem above is 5% and the
669. Final rolling shall be continued until roller marks are eliminated and a minimumpercent asphalt in a job-mix 5.6% did it pass the required tolerance? Why?
of _____ mass percent of the density of the laboratory compacted specimens Ans. No, because the required tolerance for % asphalt in a job-mix
prepared in accordance with AASHTO T160 has been obtained. formula is +/-0.4%
Ans. 95 mass percent
677. Which is not the duty or responsibility of Materials Engineer?
670. sample from compacted bituminous mix shall be neatly cut by saw or core drill. Ans. quantity of construction materials
Each sample shall be at least ____________.
Ans. 150 mm. x 150 mm. or 100mm diameter full depth 678. Which is the duty or responsibility of a Materials engineer?
Ans. quality of construction materials

43 -
679. Problem regarding quality of construction materials shall be reported directly
689. What are the two types of bitumen that are commonly used in
by the contractor’s Materials Engineer to the __________. bituminous concrete surface course?
Ans. DPWH Materials Engineer Ans. 1) Tar- is viscous liquid obtained from distillation of coal or wood
2) Petroleum Asphalt – are the product of the distillation of crude oil
680. How many concrete cylinder is required for a 3,000 pcs. reinforced concrete
pipe culvert? Ans. 120 sets (consisting of 3 pcs. concrete cylinder per690.
set) What are the three major petroleum asphalt product?
Ans. 1) Asphalt cement – produced in various viscosity grade, the most
681. If the concrete cylinder is not available for a 3,000 pcs. culvert pipes, how common penetration grade are, 200/300, 120/150, 85/100, 40/50
many pipes shall be subjected to test? 2) Cut-back asphalt – are asphalt mixed with solvents to reduce their
Ans. 60 pcs. culvert pipes viscosity 3) Emulsified Asphalt – are mixture of
asphalt cement and water with emulsifying agent
682. What kind of test that requires calibrated sand in filling the hole in order to
determine the volume of hole? 691. What are the solvents for cut back asphalt?
Ans. Field Density Test (FDT) Ans. 1) gasoline – for rapid curing type
2) kerosene – for medium curing type
683. What do you call the test using a rammer and a mold? 3) diesel fuel – for slow curing type
Ans. Moisture Density Relation Test or Compaction Test
692. Emulsified asphalt are either _____ and _________.
684. What kind of asphalt has a penetration grade of 0 to 30 mm.? Ans. 1) cationic emulsion – which work better with wet agg. And in cold
Ans. Blown Asphalt weather 2) anionic emulsion – which adhere
better to agg. Which have positive charges
685. If there is a necessary to add water to the concrete mix in order to increase is
workability (provided concrete does not exceed specified slump). How many693. What is the bituminous material commonly used in item 310?
minutes after the initial of the mixing does adding of water be permitted? Ans. Asphalt cement (AC)
Ans. not exceeding 45 minutes and that water cement ratio is not exceeded
694. What greatly influence the service of an asphalt pavement?
686. What is the percent weight of aggregates (coarse, fine and mineral filler) in theAns. grade and quantity of asphalt
mixture of bituminous concrete surface coarse?
Ans. 92 to 95% 695. What influence primarily the grade of asphalt selected?
Ans. Climatic condition
687. What is the percent weight of asphalt in the bituminous mixture?
Ans. 5 to 8% 696. The lower penetration grade or hard asphalt is used in ____________.
Ans. hot climate
688. How can we establish the exact percentage to be used in the bituminous
mixture? Ans. Job-mix formula

44 -
697. The higher penetration grade or softer asphalt is used in____________.706. The quality control test for asphalt mix are the following:
Ans. cold climate Ans.
1) Immersion-Compression Test – determines the index of retained
698. How many weeks does a producer of asphalt mix or the contractor shall submit strength of the mix 2) Extraction
the job-mix formula? and Grading Test – determines the asphalt content and particles size
Ans. three (3) weeks prior to production distribution of coarse and fine aggregates
3) Laboratory density test – determines the degree of compaction
699. Who will approved the job –mix formula?
Ans. DPWH Project Engineer and Materials Engineer 707. What is the correct temperature that the mixture shall be placed as
measured in the truck just prior to dumping into the spreader?
700. The job-mix formula contains provisions on the following: Ans. 107*C
Ans. 1) grading 2) percentage and type of asphalt 3) temp. of agg. and asphalt
4) temp. of mixture upon delivery or at time of compaction 708. When tar is used, what is the temperature that the mixture shall be
placed? Ans. 66*C to 107*C
701. What is the primary quality control mechanism for the production of asphalt
mixture? Ans. Job-mix formula which shall conform to the 709. When shall the compaction be done in order to attain the required
following ranges of tolerance: Passing No. 4 and larger density? Ans. when the mixture is still hot and
sieves +/- 7% workable
Passing No. 8 to No. 100 sieves +/- 4%
Passing No. 200 +/- 2% 710. How to determine the number of passes that would attain the required
Bituminous Materials +/- 0.4% density? Ans. trial section
Temperature of mixture +/- 10*C
711. What control during the mixing and compaction is of great significance
702. What is the minimum dry compressive strength of the mixture? in the strength of the resulting pavement?
Ans. 1.4 Mpa (200 psi) Ans. temperature

703. The mixture shall have a mass percent air voids with the range of _________.
712. What kind of roller should be used for the initial or breakdown
Ans. 3.0% - 5% compaction? Ans. Pneumatic smooth wheeled
roller (not less than 10 tons)
704. What is the Index of Retained Strength of the mixture?
Ans. 70% 713. What is the speed of the roller?
Ans. 5 km/hr
705. What is the most commonly used method in the design and evaluation of
bituminous concrete mixes?
Ans. Marshall Stability Method

45 -
714. How is the rolling be done? 724. What is the strength requirement (flexural strength) of a concrete
Ans. It should begin from the side and proceed longitudinally parallel toward the when tested by third point loading method?
road centerline, each trip overlapping one half the rollers width Ans. 3.8 Mpa (550 psi)

715. After the final rolling what should be checked? 725. What is the compressive strength of the PCCP when rested at 14 days?
Ans. degree of compaction Ans. 24.1 Mpa (3500 psi)

716. The compacted pavement shall have a density equal to or greater than 726. What is the slump of a workable concrete if not vibrated?
___________. Ans. 97% of the laboratory compacted density Ans. 40 – 75 mm, when vibrated the slump is 10 to 40 mm

717. When is the traffic be permitted to enter the pavement? 727. What kind of form used in item 311?
Ans. when the pavement has cooled to atmospheric temperature Ans. steel forms and a depth equal to the thickness of the pavement

718. How many samples shall be taken for each full days operation? 728. How long shall the forms remain undisturbed after concrete pouring?
Ans. at least one but not more than three (3) core samples Ans. 24 hrs.

719. What is the dimension of the samples taken full depth from the finish 729. What is the difference between item 504 and item 505?
pavement for thickness determination? Ans. placement of stone or boulders and the ratio of cement and fine sand
Ans. 150 mm. or 100 mm diameter
730. What is the ratio of fine aggregates to number of bags of cement for
720. How is the sample taken from the finished pavement? grout in item 504 and 505? Ans. for item 504 its one part cement to
Ans. by means of core drill or saw three part fine sand (1:3) for
item 505 its one part cement to two parts fine sand (1:2)
721. How is the surface level of the finished pavement being check?
Ans. by the use of 3 meters straight edge 731. Penetration and ductility test of asphalt are done in __________
temperature. a) 60*C
722. The variation of the surface from the testing edge of the straight between b) 25*C
contacts with the surface shall not exceed ________.. c) 50*C d) 10*C
Ans. 6 mm.
732. This is the most fluidest and lightest of all the grade of Medium Curing
723. What determine the thickness and density of compacted asphalt pavement? Cut-back Asphalt. a) MC – 30 b) MC – 70
Ans. core test c) MC – 800 d) MC – 300

733. The only kind of asphalt that can be used in all bituminous item of
work. a) Asphalt Cement b)

46 -
Cut-back Asphalt 741.
c) Tie bars shall not be coated or painted with ____________.
Emulsified Asphalt d) All of the above Ans. asphalt or other materials

734. Retempering of concrete or mortar, which has partially hardened, will be

742. What is the metal device that are used as a load transfer device held in
permitted with the addition of cement, aggregate or water. a position parallel to the surface and centerline of the slab of pavement?
a) yes b) no Ans. dowels
c) it depends on the condition of concrete d) check the slump
743. To protect dowel from corrosion and to facilitate sliding in concrete, it
735. What is the minimum number of representative cores that shall be taken fromshall be coated with _________.
each member area of concrete in place that is considered deficient? Ans. thin film of bitumen
a) 3 cores b) 4 cores
c) 5 cores d) core must be taken at 5 meter interval744. The surface of the pavement shall be roughened by means of
backward & forward of the designed sta. ____________. Ans. brooming

736. 745.of
the strength level of concrete will be considered satisfactory if the average What is the depth of corrugation produce by brooming in the surface
all sets of three consecutive strength test result equal or exceed the specified of the pavement? Ans. 1.5 mm.
strength and no individual strength test result is deficient by more than how many
percent? a) 25% 746. The surface of the newly placed concrete when it is sufficiently set
b) 20% c) 15% shall be cured for a period of _________.
d) 10% Ans. 72 hrs.

737. 747. on The curing of the pavement are done on the following:
For major interchanges and busy intersection, PCCP will be allowed to open
the ----------- to minimize occurrence of road congestion. Ans.
a) 14th day b) 10th day 1) by covering the concrete with mats saturated with water
c) 12th day d) 7th day 2) thoroughly wetting the pavement
3) by ponding
738. The width of the weaken plane joint is __________. 4) by applying curing compound after finishing of the surface
Ans. not more than 6 mm.
748. When the right time is the joint be sealed?
739. When is the right time to saw the weaken plane joint? Ans. after the curing period or before it is opened to traffic
Ans. within 24 hrs. as soon as concrete has hardened sufficiently
749. What is item 504 in DPWH specification?
740. What shall be done if cracks appear at or near the joint prior to the time of Ans. Grouted Riprap
sawing? Ans. sawing shall be omitted

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750. What is item 505 in DPWH specifications? a) 15 days b) 10 days
Ans. Stone Masonry c) 21 days d) 7 days

751. This is the empirical indicator of the clay fraction of a binder material in a
stabilized soil mixture.
a) Group Index b) Liquid Limit
c) Plasticity Index d) Plastic Limit

752. When water is added to the mixture to bring the slump within required limit, it
shall be injected into the mixer under such pressure and direction of flow that the
requirement for uniformity and desired slump of concrete are met. The drum shall
be turned on additional _______ revolution or more.
a) 10 revolutions b) 45 revolutions
c) 30 revolutions d) 15 revolutions

753. Job-mix formula submitted for approval shall propose definite single values for,
except _____. a) % of aggregate passing each specified sieve
b) temperature of the mixture delivered on the road
c) Percent of bituminous materials to be added
d) mixing time of the mixture in the batching plant

754. For small contract project of the DPWH located in remote areas where the
quality of cement to be used is too small and where there are no accessible testing
laboratory to check the quality of materials, exception in the requirements for
performance of laboratory test in cement prior to use may be allowed provided
that the trial mixes be done for every ___________. a)
deformation characteristic of soil
b) Engineering properties of the underlying soils
c) Arrangement of soil strata
d) Field Density of soil

755. How many days shall the Engineer be notified in advance of the date that the
treating process will be performed in order that the untreated lumber, the
treatment process and the finished treatment timber may all be inspected?

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