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Multi-link suspension
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Main page A multi-link suspension is a type of vehicle suspension design typically used in 5-link rear suspension
Contents independent suspensions, using three or more lateral arms, and one or more
Featured content longitudinal arms.[citation needed] A wider definition considers any independent
Current events suspensions having three control links or more multi-link suspensions. These arms do
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not have to be of equal length, and may be angled away from their "obvious" direction. It
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was first introduced in the late 1960s on the Mercedes-Benz C111[1] and later on their
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W201 and W124 series.[2][3]
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Typically each arm has a spherical joint (ball joint) or rubber bushing at each end.
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Consequently, they react to loads along their own length, in tension and compression,
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but not in bending. Some multi-links do use a trailing arm, control arm or wishbone,
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Recent changes which has two bushings at one end.
Contact page On a front suspension one of the lateral arms is replaced by the tie-rod, which connects
the rack or steering box to the wheel hub. Rear view
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What links here In order to simplify understanding, it is usual to consider the function of the arms in each
Related changes of three orthogonal planes.
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Solid axle configuration [ edit ]

Page information For a solid axle vehicle the multi link suspension provides control of the axle during
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suspension cycling and to locate the axle under the vehicle. The most
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common[citation needed] is the four link with panhard bar. This is found in many cars and
Print/export pickup trucks. The four link is also used heavily in off-road racing and drag racing. The

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Create a book four link for a solid axle has a few variations such as the triangulated four link and
Download as PDF double triangulated four link. Although common in off-road vehicles these are not
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commonly found on the street.
In other projects

Wikimedia Commons Plan view [ edit ]

The arms have to control toe/steer and lateral compliance. This needs a pair of arms
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longitudinally separated.
Català
Čeština
Deutsch Front view [ edit ]
Español
한국어 Independent suspension

日本語 The arms have to control camber, particularly the way that the camber changes as
Top view
Português the wheel moves up (into jounce, or bump) and down into rebound or droop.
Edit links Solid axle suspension
In a solid axle suspension the upper arms may have an angle of at least 45 degrees between them, to prevent the axle from moving
from side to side while allowing the axle to articulate and move freely up and down.

Side view [ edit ]

Independent suspension
The arms have to transmit traction and braking loads, usually accomplished via a longitudinal link. They also have to control caster.
Note that brake torques also have to be reacted - either by a second longitudinal link, or by rotating the hub, which forces the lateral
arms out of plane, so allowing them to react 'spin' forces, or by rigidly fixing the longitudinal link to the hub.
Solid axle suspension
For a solid axle the lower arms control forward and backward motion, the upper arms control forward and backward rotation. This
rotation is present under acceleration and braking.

Advantages of multi-link suspension [ edit ]

Benefit of independent suspension


Multi-link suspension allows the auto designer the ability to incorporate both good ride and good handling in the same vehicle.

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In its simplest form, multi-link suspension is orthogonal—i.e., it is possible to alter one parameter in the suspension at a time, without
affecting anything else. This is in direct contrast to a double wishbone suspension, where moving a hardpoint or changing a bushing
compliance will affect two or more parameters.

Advantages also extend to off-road driving. A multi-link suspension allows the vehicle to flex more; this means simply that the
suspension is able to move more easily to conform to the varying angles of off-road driving. Multi-link-equipped vehicles are ideally
suited for sports such as desert racing.[citation needed] In desert racing, the use of a good sway bar is needed to counter body roll.
Benefits of solid-axle multi-link suspension
The benefit of the triangulated and double-triangulated arrangement is that they do not need a panhard bar. The benefits of this are
increased articulation and potential ease of installation. The multi-link for solid axle offers a benefit over the independent multi-link in
that it is significantly cheaper and much less complex to build.

Disadvantages of multi-link suspension [ edit ]

Multilink suspension is costly and complex. It is also difficult to tune the geometry without a full 3D computer aided design analysis.
Compliance under load can have an important effect and must be checked using a multibody simulation software.

Gallery[4] [ edit ]

5-link rear wheel 5-link rear wheel 5-link suspension 5-link suspension
suspension mechanism suspension mechanism mechanism with rack- mechanism with rack-
(front view) (top view) and-pinion steering input and-pinion steering input
(front view) (top view)

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See also [ edit ]

Suspension (vehicle)
Automotive suspension design

References [ edit ]

1. ^ Bastow, D. (1970) Suspension ad Steering, Automobile Engineer, 8 May 1970, 217–231.


2. ^ von der Ohe, M. (1984) Independent Wheel Suspension, US Pat. 4,444,415, Filed Dec. 23, 1981
3. ^ von der Ohe, M. (1983) Front and Rear Suspension of the New Model W201, SAE technical Paper 831045.
4. ^ Simionescu, P.A. (2014). Computer Aided Graphing and Simulation Tools for AutoCAD Users (1st ed.). Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press.
ISBN 978-1-4822-5290-3.

Adams, H. (1993). Chassis Engineering New York, New York, Penguin Putnam

Milliken, W.F., Milliken, D. (2002) Chassis Design: Principles and Dynamics, SAE International

External links [ edit ]

"What is: Multilink suspension?" from CarPoint Australia


1998 technical paper on the design of multilink suspensions
2002 technical paper on the design and analysis of five-link suspensions

V·T·E Automotive handling [show]

V·T·E Powertrain [show]

V·T·E Chassis control system [show]

Categories: Automotive suspension technologies

This page was last edited on 28 April 2018, at 14:27 (UTC).

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