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Abdullah Noor (07-0125) Arslan Khalid (07-0232) Danish Jawaid (07-0009) Farjad Iftekhar (07-0257) Anis Ali Kiani (07-0000) Muhammad Umer (07-0000) Submitted to: Sir Ajmal
Even helicopters were unable to reach many of the worst-hit areas because of the poor weather. with diarrhea the biggest health threat. Floodwater is still surging south along the Indus River. Aid workers are delivering aid by foot and on donkeys.The flash floods hitting the northwestern Pakistan in July-August 2010 have been termed the country’s worst ever humanitarian disaster. the intensity of monsoon rains have brought devastation to Pakistan on a scale that is difficult to comprehend and even harder to cope with. Relief efforts are underway as the Pakistan government with the help . In an agricultural country where people rely mainly on crops and cattle for their livelihood. This year. Access to food and clean drinking water is their biggest worry as thousands of families fled the rampant water with nothing but the clothes on their backs. the entire Swat valley remained cut off from the rest of the country as roads. An estimated 14 million people in Pakistan have been affected by the massive floods caused by torrential monsoon rains that lashed the entire country in end July. UN humanitarian chief John Holmes said that the disaster is "one of the most challenging that any country has faced in recent years. shelter and medical aid for almost two weeks. Some villagers were even seen to risk their lives and limbs to save a goat or a buffalo from the raging waters. bridges and railway tracks were washed away. villages and livelihoods. Survivors in the worst affected areas have camped out under open skies on the highways and other high. . According to meteorologists. forcing more and more people from their homes. Many have been without proper food. In the North West region." The United Nations has also warned that children are among the most vulnerable victims. Ripe crops and precious cattle have been washed away as more than 17 million acres of agricultural land became submerged in water. dry grounds. these losses translate into utter misery and financial ruin. People in the affected areas have been left homeless as the catastrophic floods washed away their homes. there is a shift in the world’s weather patterns and weather-related disasters are going to increase in frequency.
international community and donors. Natural Calamity The current flooding in Pakistan is mainly due to climate change (Report: 9 August). These are not only natural floods. flood control remains inadequate. "Indeed." said OIC Secretary-General Ekmeleddin Ihsanoglu at an emergency meeting in Saudi Arabia. the main responsibility for this disaster falls on the lack of preparations made by the Pakistani elites. Pakistani students and other charitable organizations struggle to cope with the magnitude of the disaster. "The massive dam and canal network that threads through Pakistan was built in the interests of large landowners and big capitalists rather than the people. and there have been more than a dozen major floods in Pakistan since the 1970s. causing floods in the Indus river basin. . This meant that infrastructure repair and emergency relief have been extremely lopsided. Pakistan Independence Day celebrations for 14th August were canceled as the entire country attempts to bring relief and reconstruction efforts to the flood-hit areas. after all." angering some denialists (CNSNews. In an unprecedented move. Professor Snehal Shingavi at the University of Texas in Austin writes. non government organizations. and organized around preserving the interests of the landed elite rather than around flood prevention”. happen every year. Still. Monsoon rains.of the army. philanthropists. However. Without doubt. It is the unusual climate-change-led seasonal cycle of land temperature in Pakistan that has exacerbated the monsoon rainfall and produced the hugest volume of water in the northern mountainous region of the country ever recorded in the history. supported and facilitated by US policy in the region. the Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC) has come forward to formally blamed the flooding in Pakistan on "global warming.com). So we cannot just say that the disaster spread by these catastrophic floods is all down to natural reasons. the Islamic world is paying a heavy price resulting from the negative repercussions of climate change. Various scientific studies have already shown that the monsoon regions of the world will be affected by climate change more than any other regions on Earth. but the structures that were created were injurious and badly looked after by the various accountable departments and because of that the situation and destruction even worsened.
The situation is desperate and is deteriorating by the day. Sarhad Awami Forestry Ittehad (SAFI). Given below we have discussed few issues. Timber Mafia According to a story featured in Al Jazeera English (August 8. the forest had been reduced from nearly 20 square miles to barely 3 square miles. "The government is promoting 'Green Pakistan' even as trees continue to be slaughtered across the country in the name of development. “more than 70 percent of forests were illegally cut down between 2007 and 2009. . the timber filled the Tarbela dam reservoir. During that 36month period. dams and deforestation as playing the trigger for the floods. has claimed that in parts of Malakand Agency. It states that the felled trees stacked in ravines for the purpose of smuggling were dislodged by the force of water. 2010). Pakistan's Dawn newspaper reported that 80 million trees had been cut down in the so-called protected Khebrani and Rais Mureed Forest in the three years leading up to this summer's floods. Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa. others consider climate change.2 per cent of land in Pakistan is covered by forests. according to reports. The timber mafia is denuding the country's woodlands. thus sweeping away bridges. A local organisation. 2010) claims that the flooding has been intense in areas where the timber mafia is active.What caused floods in Pakistan? While some hold monsoon patterns and heavy rainfall responsible for flash floods. the provincial head of the National Disaster Management Authority has been quoted as saying that denudation is one of the main reasons for aggravating the floods as only 5." a Dawn editorial said. thus blocking any storage space. people and weakening the dam walls along its way. In fact. when Pakistani Taliban controlled the region.” Another report in The Guardian (August 12.
Deforested areas. Kalabagh Dam Many people including the former chief of WAPDA claimed on the issue of Kalabagh dam. Kalabagh dam would have averted the devastation of the floods in the country. says the Food and Agriculture Organization. it would have mitigated the affects of floods. The riverine forests had been the first line of defense against floods that have deluged the plains annually for thousands of years.As rainwater gets trapped in leaves. forests serve to slow he flow of floodwater. The excess water which is flowing into the Arabian Sea could be stored and much of the water going into people’s homes could be routed into canals and directed into other reservoirs that have seen parched land during the summer. Kalabadh. the current flood waters would have brought prosperity instead of wreaking havoc to the country”. Another point that was notified on this issue was the stubbornness and differences among the Sindhi. Same was claimed by the president senator of PML Q saying that. branches and roots.Pakistani government figures show that about 4. “Had the kalabagh dam been built earlier through consensus. become more prone to flooding and landslides. Balochi. saying that had the dam been built. Pathan and Punjabis.1 percent of the country's land mass is forest. At the current 2 to 2. Pakistan's forest cover would be reduced to half of its 1995 extent by 2019-24. This water should be accumulated and then disbursed throughout the year. Pakistan gets most of its rainfall during the rainy monsoon “barsat” season. .4 percent rate of deforestation. If the Kalabagh dam had been built much of the flooding in Sindh and Khyber-Pakhtunkhawa would have been prevented. The party president actually said. on the contrary. Basha and a hundred other small dams is the answer to prevent flood and dryness in all provinces of Pakistan. and brought the economy of the country on the verge of collapse. Because of these differences the Kalabagh dam is still stuck where it was and that has actually resulted in millions of people left homeless.
Never before have rivers in all the provinces of Pakistan flooded at the same time without a similar act affecting sources upstream. precludes the possibility that melting glaciers are solely responsible for the floods. There is no doubt that for the first time. what we are seeing today is that the Indians regime in Kabul is using water as a weapon to deluge Pakistan. including the Indus. The speed and quantity of the gushing water. the Chenab and Indus Rivers overflowed and the flow picked up speed. are blocked by Indian-built dams. most rivers were flowing normally and no extraordinary rains followed. water flowing from the Kabul River into Pakistan dramatically picked up . there was no flooding in India or in Afghanistan.Much of the monsoon water is wasted and has to be saved. Of course the dams would also produce electricity and enable the farmers to pull up the ground water through tube wells. Further. The Sarobi Dam – the Indian-maintained dam near Kabul – controls the flow of the Kabul River entering Pakistan. and the short span of time in which it picked up momentum. strangely. India’s Baghliar Dam in occupied Kashmir opened its flood gates to cause a tragedy on the plains of Pakistan [Sindh and Punjab]. There was no evidence to suggest that the glaciers decided to melt at a faster speed just in time for the heavy monsoon rains. turning into a flood. Monsoons didn’t lash Afghanistan and there was no flooding there of any magnitude. But again. But suddenly. After the first wave of floods. All major rivers flowing into Pakistan. This issue still remains unsolved despite the disaster throughout the whole country by the devastating floods spread Rivers Overflowing – India It had been weeks since the rains stopped but the Indus and Chenab rivers continue to rise. The same thing happened there.
turning into a flood. These are some of the doable solutions to save the inundated economy. The federal and provincial governments need to exercise tight fiscal discipline to prevent the wastage of finances and control their non-development expenditures. instead of giving more financial loans could wave off all the previous loans to the country. Infrastructure has not been planned to deal with natural disasters. The disaster in Pakistan is the product of years of neglect. A transparent and independent fund raising mechanism is the critical need of the hour. On an individual basis. yet successive governments have failed to develop proper flood warning systems and flood control measures. whether the current flooding or the devastating 2005 earthquake in Kashmir. it is the moral duty of every citizen to donate cash or provide relief goods as much as they possibly can.speed as water levels increased. . The speed with which this transformation occurred could only have happened due to one of two reasons: massive rains in Afghanistan or the release over a sustained period of large amounts of water by the Sarobi Dam. Those worst affected are inevitably the poorest layers of society. Monsoons are an annual event and floods occur regularly. Political parties’ blame game and point scoring should cease in such heart-wrenching circumstances and the entire nation must unite to face this dilemma. Conclusion The calamity has reached such epic proportions that to rescue the economy an immediate strategic plan has to be chalked out and pursued with resilience. The IMF.
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