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Kw¤•DUvi I Kw¤•DUv‡ii BwZnvm ✔ Kw¤•DUvi I †gvevBj †dv‡bi g‡a¨ cv_©K¨

20. nv‡Zi Zvjy‡Z †i‡L e¨envi‡hvM¨ Kw¤•DUvi †KvbwU?


✔ Kw¤•DUvi Kx? K j¨vcUc L †W¯‹Uc ● cvgUc N mycvi
1. Kw¤•DUvi kãwU G‡m‡Q  21. Kw¤•DUvi w`‡q me©cÖ_g †Kvb KvRwU Kiv‡bv n‡Zv?
K Bs‡iwR kã n‡Z L Rvg©vb kã n‡Z K †cÖvMÖvwgs‡qi ● MYbvi M †jLvi N wnmv‡ei
● wMÖK kã n‡Z N dviwm kã n‡Z 22. †gvevBj †dv‡bi mvnv‡h¨ Kx Kiv m¤¢e?
2. †Kvb kã †_‡K Kw¤•DUvi kãwUi DrcwË? K K_v ejv L Mvb †kvbv
● Kw¤•DU L K¨vjKzwj M Kw¤•DwUs N K¨vjKz‡jU M wnmve Kiv ● K_v ejv, Mvb †kvbv I wnmve Kiv
3. Kw¤•DU k‡ãi A_© [Xv. Õ07; wm. Õ03; e. Õ09] ✔ Kw¤•DUv‡ii KvR Kivi c×wZ
● MYbv Kiv L MYbvKvix M MYbvKvix hš7 N †Kv‡bvwUB bv 23. †KvbwU mwVK µg? [Kz. Õ09; e. Õ05]
4. Kw¤•DUvi Kx ai‡bi hš0? ● BbcyU → wmwcBD → AvDUcyU L BbcyU → AvDUcyU → wmwcBD
K Av‡jvK hš7 ● B‡jKUªwbK hš7 M kã hš7 N MÖvnK hš7 M wmwcBD → BbcyU → AvDUcyU N AvDUcyU → BbcyU → wmwcBD
5. eZ©gvb hyM‡K ejv nq−
− [Xv. Õ04; iv. Õ10; h. Õ09, Õ06, Õ03; Kz. Õ06; P. Õ06] 24. †h mKj h‡š0i gva¨‡g Z_¨ †`Iqv nq Zv‡K Kx e‡j? [iv. Õ04]
K wkí hyM ● Z_¨ hyM M evwYR¨ hyM N K‚U‰bwZK hyM K BbcyU L AvDUcyU
6. eZ©gvb mgq‡K ejv nq− − [Xv. Õ10] ● BbcyU wWfvBm N AvDUcyU wWfvBm
K wkí-evwY‡R¨i hyM L wk¶v hyM 25. Kw¤•DUv‡i cÖwµqvKi‡Yi ci cÖvß djvdj‡K ejv nq− − [Xv. Õ10]
● Z_¨ cÖhyw³i hyM N we‡bv`‡bi hyM K Z_¨ L Kg©cvZv ● AvDUcyU N dvBj
26. CPU-Gi cRY©iƒc n‡”Q [iv. Õ04; h. Õ10, Õ08; wm. Õ10]
✔ Kw¤•DUvi I Gi KvR Kivi ˆewkó¨ ● Central Processing Unit L Control Processing Unit
7. Kw¤•DUv‡ii KvR Kivi MwZ wnmve Kiv nq  [wm. Õ07, Õ06] M Capacity Processing Unit N Computer Processing Unit
K wgwj †m‡K‡Û ● b¨v‡bv †m‡K‡Û
✔ Kw¤•DUv‡ii cÖKvi‡f` I Zvi ˆewkó¨
M gvB‡µv †m‡K‡Û N wc‡Kv †m‡K‡Û
27. Kv‡Ri cÖwµqv/c×wZ Abymv‡i Kw¤•DUvi‡K gRjZ Kq fv‡M fvM Kiv hvq?
8. 1 gvB‡µv †m‡KÛ 1 †m‡K‡Ûi KZ fv‡Mi mgvb? ● 3 fv‡M L 4 fv‡M M 2 fv‡M N 5 fv‡M
K 1 †KvwU ● 10 j¶ M 100 †KvwU N 50 †KvwU
9. 1 wgwj †m‡KÛ 1 †m‡K‡Ûifv‡Mi GKfvM mgq| [h. Õ06]  GbvjM Kw¤•DUvi
K GK †KvwU L GKkZ †KvwU M GK j¶ ● GK nvRvi 28. †Kvb Kw¤•DUvi cwigvcb c×wZ‡Z KvR K‡i? [Kz. Õ03]
10. 1 wgwj‡m‡KÛ mgvb KZ? [h. Õ10] ● GbvjM L wWwRUvj M nvBweªW N DfqB
● GK †m‡K‡Ûi GK nvRvi fv‡Mi GK fvM 29. GbvjM Kw¤•DUv‡ii gRj ˆewkó¨ Kx?
K n«vme„w× cwigvc Kiv L Pvc Kg‡ewk nIqv
L GK †m‡K‡Ûi `k j¶ fv‡Mi GK fvM
● ch©vqµwgKfv‡e IVvbvgv Kiv N Dc‡ii †Kv‡bvwU bq
M GK †m‡K‡Ûi GKkZ †KvwU fv‡Mi GK fvM
N GK †m‡K‡Ûi GK j¶ †KvwU fv‡Mi GK fvM  wWwRUvj Kw¤•DUvi
11. 1 †m‡K‡Ûi 100 †KvwU fv‡Mi 1 fvM mgq [Kz. Õ06] 30. wWwRUvj Kw¤•DUv‡ii Kv‡Ri aib Kxiƒc? [P. Õ06]
K 1 wgwj †m‡KÛ L 1 gvB‡µv †m‡KÛ K cwigvcb L AMÖmigvb
● 1 b¨v‡bv †m‡KÛ N 1 wc‡Kv †m‡KÛ M ch©vqµwgK ● AMÖmigvb I ch©vqµwgK
12. 1 b¨v‡bv †m‡KÛ = KZ †m‡KÛ? [iv. Õ05; P. Õ09] 31. wWwRUvj Kw¤•DUvi KZ cÖKvi? [iv. Õ10; P. Õ06; h. Õ08; wm. Õ09, Õ07]
1 1 1 1 K 3 cÖKvi ● 4 cÖKvi M 5 cÖKvi N 6 cÖKvi
K
1 nvRvi †m. L 10 †KvwU †m. ● 100 †KvwU †m. N 10 j¶ †m.  nvBweªW Kw¤•DUvi
13. 1 b¨v‡bv †m‡KÛ nj GK †m‡K‡Ûi KZ fvM? [iv. Õ03; Kz. Õ05; wm. Õ10, Õ03, Õ04] 32. wb‡Pi †Kvb †¶‡Î nvBweªW Kw¤•DUvi e¨eüZ nq?
● GKkZ †KvwU fv‡Mi GK fvM mgq L GK †KvwU fv‡Mi GK fvM mgq K cÖKvkbv L e¨emvq evwY‡R¨
M GK j¶ fv‡Mi GK fvM mgq N GK nvRvi fv‡Mi GK fvM mgq M ¯‹zj K‡j‡R ● †¶cYv¯7 wb‡¶‡ci KvR
14. Kw¤•DUv‡ii KqwU cÖavb ˆewkó¨ Av‡Q? [Xv. Õ08] ✔ Kw¤•DUv‡ii †kÖwYwefvM
K 2wU ● 3wU M 4wU N 5wU 33. AvKvi I AvK…wZ Abymv‡i Kw¤•DUvi KZ cÖKvi? [iv. Õ05]
15. GK †m‡K‡Ûi GK j¶ †KvwU fv‡Mi GK fvM mgq‡K e‡jÑ K 2 cÖKvi L 3 cÖKvi ● 4 cÖKvi N 5 cÖKvi
K 1 gvB‡µv †m‡KÛ ● 1 wc‡Kv †m‡KÛ  mycvi Kw¤•DUvi
M 1 b¨v‡bv †m‡KÛ N 1 wgwj †m‡KÛ
34. me‡P‡q kw³kvjx Kw¤•DUvi nj  [Xv. Õ04; iv. Õ10, Õ08; h. Õ09]
16. Kw¤•DUv‡i fzj djvdj cÖ`k©b Ki‡j eyS‡Z n‡e−− [P. Õ04] K wgwb‡d«g Kw¤•DUvi L †gBb‡d«g Kw¤•DUvi
K Kw¤•DUvi bó n‡q †M‡Q L wmwcBD‡Z †Mvjgvj n‡q‡Q ● mycvi Kw¤•DUvi N gvB‡µvKw¤•DUvi
● WvUv BbcyU Kivq fzj n‡q‡Q N Kw¤•DUvi fvBiv‡m AvµvšN n‡q‡Q 35. evsjv‡`‡k G ch©š[ mycvi Kw¤•DUvi ¯’vwcZ n‡q‡Q KZwU? [wm. Õ06]
✔ Kw¤•DUv‡ii m‡½ Ab¨vb¨ B‡jKUªwbK h‡š0i cv_©K¨ K 100wU L 101wU M 1001wU ● GKwUI bv
17. K¨vjKz‡jU‡ii mvnv‡h¨ Kiv hvq  [h. Õ03]  †gBb‡d«g Kw¤•DUvi
K †cÖvMÖvwgs L Z_¨ Av`vb-cÖ`vb 36. evsjv‡`‡k 1964 mv‡j ¯’vwcZ AvBweGg-1620 Kw¤•DUviwU
● mvaviY MYbv N wWwUwc †Kvb cÖKv‡ii Kw¤•DUvi? [P. Õ10, Õ07]
18. Kw¤•DUv‡ii mv‡_ Ab¨ mKj B‡jKUªwbK h‡š0i me‡P‡q eo cv_©K¨ †KvbwU?[Kz. Õ03] A_ev, evsjv‡`‡ki cÖ_g Kw¤•DUviwU wQj  [Kz. Õ09]
K wgwb‡d«g ● †gBb‡d«g M wWwRUvj N mycvi Kw¤•DUvi
K we‡bv`b hš7 L Z_¨ wewbgq hš7
37. Avgv‡`i †`‡k cÖ_g Kw¤•DUvi Av‡m KZ mv‡j? [iv. Õ07, Õ05]
M wnmv‡ei hš7 ● †cÖvMÖvwgs hš7
A_ev, †Kvb mv‡j evsjv‡`‡k cÖ_g Kw¤•DUvi ¯’vwcZ nq?
19. K¨vjKz‡jU‡ii ¯§„wZkw³− − [Xv. Õ10; iv. Õ10; h. Õ10, '08, Õ05; wm. Õ09, Õ04; e. Õ09]
K ¯’vqx ● A¯’vqx M A‡bK †ewk N †bB ● 1964 mv‡j L 1987 mv‡j M 1999 mv‡j N 1972 mv‡j
38. evsjv‡`k ¯’vwcZ cÖ_g Kw¤•DUv‡ii g‡Wj wK wQj? 57. cÖ_g MYbvhš0 †KvbwU? [iv. Õ06; h. Õ10, Õ08; wm. Õ10; e. Õ10, Õ04]
K AvBweGg 1900 L AvBweGg 360 K gvK©-1 L BDwbf¨vK M GWf¨vK ● G¨vevKvm
● AvBweGg 1620 N B‡›Uj 3003 58. Rvcv‡b G¨vevKvm‡K Kx ejv nq? [Xv. Õ08, Õ04; Kz. Õ05; wm. Õ05]
39. 1964 mv‡j evsjv‡`‡k cÖ_g ¯’vwcZ AvB we Gg 1620 g‡W‡ji ● mv‡ivevb L †bwcqvi nvi M wWdv‡iÝ BwÄb N †¯‹vwUqv
Kw¤•DUv‡ii †cÖvMÖvgvi †K wQ‡jb? [w`. Õ10] 59. Rvcv‡b cÖ_g MYbvh‡š0i bvg Kx? [w`. Õ09]
K gynv¤§` ewki DwÏb L gynv¤§` Rwjj †kL K †¯‹vwUqv L BbKv M gvK©-1 ● mv‡ivevb
● gynv¤§` nvwbd DwÏb wgqv N gynv¤§` Avãyj ReŸvi 60. ivwkqvq G¨vevKvm‡K Kx ejv nq? [iv. Õ03; e. Õ06]
40. 1964 mv‡j evsjv‡`‡k †Kvb Kw¤•DUvi ¯’vwcZ nq? [w`. Õ09] K mv‡ivevb ● †¯‹vwmqv M BbKv N Dc‡ii me¸‡jv
K IBM-4341 ● IBM-1620 M IBM-4300 N IBM-4343 61. 1614 mv‡j †K jMvwi`‡gi mviwY ˆZwi K‡ib? [e. Õ03]
41. AvBweGg-1620 Kw¤•DUviwU KZ mv‡j evsjv‡`‡k ¯’vcb Kiv ● Rb †bwcqvi L Pvj©m e¨v‡eR
n‡qwQj? [P. Õ05] M m¨vgy‡qj gij¨vÛ N MUd«vBW DBj‡ng wjewbR
K 1950 L 1954 M 1960 ● 1964 62. 1630 mv‡j cÖ_g ˆZwi nq  [e. Õ05]
42. AvBweGg 1620 Kw¤•DUviwU  Kw¤•DUvi. [h. Õ04] K G¨vevKvm L †bwcqv‡ii nvo ● úvBW i“j N c¨vm‡K‡ji hš7
K mycvi L wgwb ● †gBb‡d«g N gvB‡µv 63. MYbv h‡š0 wMqv‡ii mvnv‡h¨ PvKv Pvjv‡bvi c×wZ e¨envi K‡ibÑ
 wgwb‡d«g Kw¤•DUvi ● †e−BR c¨v‡¯‹j L Pvj©m e¨v‡eR M wej †MUm N Rb †bwcqvi
43. †gBb‡d«g †_‡K AvKv‡i †QvU wKš‘ cv‡m©vbvj Kw¤•DUv‡ii †_‡K 64. †Kvb weÁvbx 1630 mv‡j cÖ_g úvBWi“j ˆZwi K‡ib? [Xv. Õ09]
eo Kw¤•DUvi‡K e‡jÑ K Rb †bwcqvi ● DBwjqvg AUi‡W
M Pvj©m e¨v‡eR N AvBRvK wbDUb
K j¨vcUc L †W¯‹Uc
● wgwb‡d«g Kw¤•DUvi N mycvi Kw¤•DUvi  Kw¤•DUv‡ii cÖv_wgK hyM
44. AvBweGg Gm/34, Gm/36 BZ¨vw` n‡”Q  65. cybtcyb †hv‡Mi gva¨‡g ¸‡Yi c×wZ Avwe®‹vi K‡ib †K? [Kz. Õ05]
K mycvi Kw¤•DUvi L j¨vcUc Kw¤•DUvi K e¨v‡eR L DBjwKm ● wjewbR N gDmwj
● wgwb‡d«g Kw¤•DUvi N gvB‡µvKw¤•DUvi 66. †Kvb hš0wU Pvj©m e¨v‡eR-Gi ˆZwi? [iv. Õ03]
45. †KvbwU‡K wgW‡iÄ Kw¤•DUvi ejv nq? K G¨vevKvm L Kg‡c−· Kw¤•DUvi
[Xv. Õ09; iv. Õ09; Kz. Õ10, Õ08; P. Õ08; wm.Õ07, Õ06 ● wWdv‡iÝ BwÄb N GwbqvK
K mycvi Kw¤•DUvi L †gBb‡d«g Kw¤•DUvi 67. Kw¤•DUv‡ii RbK ejv nq  [iv. Õ06; h. Õ07]
● wgwb‡d«g Kw¤•DUvi N gvB‡µv Kw¤•DUvi K W. nvIqvW©‡K L GBP. AvB‡Kb‡K
● Pvj©m e¨v‡eR‡K N wej †MUm‡K
 gvB‡µvKw¤•DUvi 68. Pvj©m e¨v‡eR KZ mv‡j G¨vbvwjwU‡Kj BwÄb ˆZwii cwiKíbv MÖnY
46. gvB‡µv k‡ãi A_© [wm. Õ09, Õ03; e. Õ08] K‡ib? [e. Õ08]
K AwZ ¶z`ª ● ¶z`ª M eo N AwZ eo K 1822 ● 1833 M 1871 N 1876
47. ÔwcwmÕ (PC) A_© [e. Õ09] 69. Pvj©m e¨v‡eR †Kvb †`‡ki bvMwiK? [w`. Õ09]
K cv‡m©vbvj Kw¤•D‡Ukb L cÖvB‡fU Kw¤•D‡Uqvi K evsjv‡`k ● weª‡Ub M BwÛqv N cvwK¯Nvb
● cv‡m©vbvj Kw¤•DUvi N cÖvB‡fU Kw¤•DUvi 70. IBM-Gi cRY© bvg Kx? [P. Õ07]
48. PDA †Kvb ai‡bi Kw¤•DUvi? [Xv. Õ06] ● International Business Machine L International Business Management
K mycvi Kw¤•DUvi L wgwb Kw¤•DUvi M International Ballastic Missile N Intell Business Machine
M †gBb‡d«g Kw¤•DUvi ● gvB‡µvKw¤•DUvi  B‡jK‡Uªv †gKvwbK¨vj hyM
✔ Kw¤•DUv‡ii nvW©Iq¨vi I mdUIq¨vi 71. c„w_exi cÖ_g ¯^qswµq MYbvh‡š0i bvg

[iv. Õ09; Kz. Õ09, Õ06; P. Õ09, Õ07; wm. Õ08]
 nvW©Iq¨vi
K EDSAC L EDVAC M UNIVAC ● MARK-1
49. Kw¤•DUvi msMVb ev nvW©Iq¨vi Gi cÖavb Ask KqwU?
72. †Kvb hš0wU w`‡q 20 Rb gvby‡li GKm‡½ †W¯‹ K¨vjKz‡jUi w`‡q
[iv. Õ05; Kz. Õ06; e. Õ06]
KvR Kivi mgvb MwZ‡Z KvR Kiv †hZ? [P. Õ04]
K `ywU ● wZbwU M PviwU N cuvPwU
K GwbqvK L BDwbf¨vK ● gvK©-1 N GWmvK
50. Kw¤•DUv‡ii nvW©Iq¨vi‡K cÖv_wgKfv‡e Kq fv‡M fvM Kiv hvq?
73. gvK©-1 Gi ˆ`N©¨ wQj
 [h. Õ09; Kz. Õ04; P. Õ10; wm. Õ10; e. Õ10, Õ06]
K `yB ● wZb M Pvi N cuvP
K 60 dzU j¤^v L 70 dzU j¤^v M 80 dzU j¤^v ● 51 dzU j¤^v
 mdUIq¨vi
 B‡jKUªwbK hyM
51. mdUIq¨vi gRjZ  [iv. †ev. Õ02; wm. †ev. Õ02]
74. KZ mv‡j cÖ_g Kw¤•DUv‡i msiw¶Z †cÖvMÖv‡gi AwfaviYvi Rš§
K mnvqK kw³ L ivmvqwbK kw³ M `„k¨ kw³ ● A`„k¨ kw³
nq? [Xv. Õ03; e. Õ07]
52. Kw¤•DUv‡ii cÖvY †KvbwU? [h. Õ09, Õ07]
● 1945 mv‡j L 1940 mv‡j M 1951 mv‡j N 1971 mv‡j
K nvW©Iq¨vi ● mdUIq¨vi M gvB‡µvcÖ‡mmi N wmwcBD 75. me©cÖ_g evwYwR¨K wfwˇZ ˆZwi B‡jKUªwbK Kw¤•DUvi †KvbwU?
53. mdUIq¨vi KZ cÖKvi? [h. Õ06, Õ03; Kz. Õ08; P. Õ03; wm. Õ04]
[iv. Õ08, Õ05, Õ03; h. Õ06, Õ04; wm. Õ05; e. Õ09, Õ04] K gvK©-1 ● BDwbf¨vK M GwbqvK N Gwewm
● 2 cÖKvi L 4 cÖKvi M 7 cÖKvi N 9 cÖKvi 76. msiw¶Z †cÖvMÖvgwewkó cÖ_g Kw¤•DUvi GWmvK †K ˆZwi K‡ib? [Kz. Õ08]
54. †KvbwU Kw¤•DUv‡ii me‡P‡q ¸i“Z¡cRY© Ask? [iv. Õ09] K gDmwj ● wbDg¨vb M DBjwKm N AvB‡Kb
K nvW©Iq¨vi ● md&UIq¨vi M Acv‡iwUs wm‡÷g N Gwc−‡Kkb 77. 1949 mv‡j ˆZwi nq  [Kz. Õ04]
✔ Kw¤•DUv‡ii AwZ msw¶ß BwZnvm ● GWf¨vK L gvK©-1 M Gwbq¨vK N BDwbf¨vK-1
78. cÖ_g Kw¤•DUvi mieivn Kiv nq ey¨‡iv Ae †mÝvm Awd‡m| †KvbwU
 cÖvPxb MYbvhš0 Ges KLb? [P. Õ04]
55. †ivgvb fvlvq K¨vjKzwj (Calculi)-Gi evsjv A_© nj
 [w`. Õ10] ● UNIVAC, 1951 L EDSAC, 1948
K cv_i ● bywo M gv‡e©j N B‡Ui UzKiv M EDVAC, 1952 N ENIAC, 1949
56. BbKv gvbe‡Mvôx Z_¨ wewbg‡qi Rb¨ Kx e¨envi KiZ? [P. Õ04] 79. UNIVAC Kw¤•DUvi wØZxqwU Av‡gwiKvi †Kv_vq mieivn Kiv nq? [e. Õ08]
K G¨vevKvm L bywo K ey¨‡iv Ae †mÝvm Awdm ● wegvb evwnbx‡Z
● wMuU †`Iqv `wo N k‡m¨i `vbv M Avwg© g¨vc mvwf©‡m N GBP IqvwksUb wWwm‡Z
✔ Kw¤•DUvi cÖRš§ wefvM  PZz_© cÖR‡š§i Kw¤•DUvi
80. Kw¤•DUv‡ii cÖRš§ KqwU? [h. Õ05] 101. Bb‡Uj †Kvb †`‡ki †Kv¤•vbx? [e. Õ08]
A_ev, Kw¤•DUv‡ii cÖRš§ nj  [iv. Õ08; h. Õ07; e. Õ10] K Rvg©vbx L hy³ivR¨ ● hy³ivó« N Rvcvb
● 5wU L 4wU M 3wU N 2wU 102. Bb‡Uj bvgK cÖwZôv‡bi ˆZwi cÖ_g gvB‡µvcÖ‡mm‡ii bvg Kx? [wm. Õ05]
81. eZ©gv‡b e¨eüZ Kw¤•DUvi¸‡jv †Kvb cÖR‡š§i? [h. Õ05] A_ev, 1971 mv‡j ˆZwi cÖ_g gvB‡µvcÖ‡mmiwU wQj  [Xv. Õ04; Kz. Õ06]
K wØZxq L Z…Zxq ● PZz_© N cÂg A_ev, cÖ_g gvB‡µvcÖ‡mmiwU Kx bv‡g cwiwPZ wQj? [Kz. Õ08; P. Õ06; e. Õ04]
 cÖ_g cÖRš§ K Bb‡Uj-8008 L Bb‡Uj 4008
82. cÖ_g cÖR‡š§i cÖ_g Kw¤•DUvi †KvbwU? [Xv. Õ05; iv. Õ08, Õ04; Kz. Õ03; wm. Õ07] M Bb‡Uj-4004 N Bb‡Uj-4002
K PDP–8 L IBM–360 ● UNIVAC–1 N GE−600 [we. `ª. Bb‡U‡ji cÖ_‡g gvB‡µvcÖ‡mmiwU 4000 bv‡g cwiwPZ wQj| Z‡e
83. GwbqvK (ENIAC) Gi IRb wQj  Ub| [h. Õ04; e. Õ07] 4004 gvB‡µvcÖ‡miwU cÖ_g evRv‡i Av‡m|]
K5 L6 ● 30 N 35 103. 1971 mv‡j ˆZwi Bb‡Uj 4004 gvB‡µvcÖ‡mmiwU wQj
 [h. Õ03]
84. BDwbf¨vK− −1 wQj  [Xv. Õ04] K 2 we‡Ui L 4 we‡Ui M 8 we‡Ui N 16 we‡Ui
● cÖ_g cÖR‡š§i Kw¤•DUvi L wØZxq cÖR‡š§i Kw¤•DUvi [we. `ª. eZ©gvb cvV¨eB Abyhvqx 4004 gvB‡µvcÖ‡mmiwUi †cÖvMÖvg G‡Wªm weU wQj 12|]
M Z…Zxq cÖR‡š§i Kw¤•DUvi N PZz_© cÖR‡š§i Kw¤•DUvi 104. Bb‡Uj−−4004 gvB‡µvcÖ‡mm‡i †gvU KZwU UªvbwR÷i e¨eüZ
85. msiw¶Z †cÖvMÖv‡gi aviYv †`b †K? [Xv. Õ06; P. Õ08; wm. Õ08] n‡qwQj? [P. Õ05; w`. Õ10]
A_ev, Kw¤•DUvi msiw¶Z †cÖvMÖv‡gi aviYvi mRÎcvZ K‡ib †K? [Kz. Õ07] K 2200 ● 2300 M 2440 N 2510
K W. †Mvì‡÷Bb ● W. Rb fb wbDg¨vb 105. eZ©gv‡b e¨eüZ wcwm  cÖR‡š§i| [Xv. Õ03]
M W. †R. †cÖmcvi GKvU© N W. Rb Wwe−D. gmDwj
K wØZxq L Z…Zxq ● PZz_© N cÂg
86. gvK©-3 †Kvb cÖR‡š§i Kw¤•DUvi? [Xv. Õ09; e. Õ05]
106. gvB‡µvKw¤•DUvi †Kvb cÖR‡š§i Aš[M©Z? [h. Õ04]
● 1g cÖRš§ L 2q cÖRš§ M 3q cÖRš§ N 4_© cÖRš§
K cÖ_g L wØZxq M Z…Zxq ● PZz_©
87. cÖ_g cÖR‡š§i Kw¤•DUv‡i BbcyU AvDUcyU wnmv‡e Kx e¨envi Kiv
107. gvB‡µvmdU †Kv¤•vwb Gi cÖavb mdUIq¨vi ¯’cwZi bvg Kx? [e. Õ03]
n‡Zv? [iv. Õ07]
K w÷e Rem L Pvj©m e¨v‡eR ● wej †MUm N gviKzjv
● cvÂKvW© L nvW© wW¯‹ M d¬wc wW¯‹ N †UcWªvBf
88. 1951 mv‡ji gvP© gv‡m BDwbf¨vK ˆZwi K‡ib †K? [e. Õ03]
108. 1971 mv‡j Avwe®‹…Z nq  [e. Õ09]
K gwim DBjwKm Ges Rb fb wbDg¨vb K úvBW i“jvi L †jRvi wcÖ›Uvi
L nvig¨vb †Mvì‡÷Bb Ges nvIqvW© GBP AvB‡Kb M mycvi Kw¤•DUvi ● gvB‡µvcÖ‡mmi
N DBwjqvg AUi‡W Ges †e−BR c¨v‡¯‹j 109. cÖ_g gvB‡µvcÖ‡mmi ˆZwi K‡i †Kvb cÖwZôvb? [e. Õ03]
● Rb gDmwj I †cÖmcvi GKvU© ● G¨vcj L AvBweGg M †R‡iv· N Bb‡Uj
 wØZxq cÖR‡š§i Kw¤•DUvi 110. e¯[yZ KZ mv‡j †gwKb‡Uvm Kw¤•DUvi Rš§ †bq? [e. Õ04]
89. KZ mv‡j UªvbwR÷i D™¢veb Kiv nq? [e. Õ03] K 1980 mv‡j L 1982 mv‡j
K 1945 mv‡j ● 1948 mv‡j M 1952 mv‡j N 1954 mv‡j ● 1984 mv‡j N 1985 mv‡j
90. UªvbwR÷i e¨envi K‡i ˆZwi Kw¤•DUvi¸‡jv  [Kz. Õ06] 111.  mv‡j gvB‡µvcÖ‡mmi Avwe®‹…Z nq? [h. Õ05; wm. Õ10]
A_ev, 1964 mv‡j me©cÖ_g evsjv‡`‡k ¯’vwcZ Kw¤•DUviwU †Kvb A_ev, gvB‡µvcÖ‡mm‡ii Avwe®‹v‡ii mvj  [iv. Õ07; h. Õ10]
cÖR‡š§i wQj? [Xv. Õ07; P. Õ06] K 1970 ● 1971 M 1975 N 1978
K cÖ_g cÖR‡š§i ● wØZxq cÖR‡š§i M Z…Zxq cÖR‡š§i N PZz_© cÖR‡š§i 112. gvB‡µv Kw¤•DUv‡ii gRj Ask 
91. †Kvb cÖR‡š§i Kw¤•DUv‡i me©cÖ_g D”PZi †cÖvMÖvwgs fvlv e¨eüZ K VGA ig L gv`vi †evW©
n‡qwQj? [P. Õ05]
● gvB‡µv cÖ‡mmi N gwbUi
K cÖ_g cÖRš§ ● wØZxq cÖRš§ M Z…Zxq cÖRš§ N PZz_© cÖRš§
92. IBM 1400 GKwU  cÖR‡š§i Kw¤•DUvi| [P. Õ03]
113. gvB‡µvcÖ‡mmi wK‡mi Pvwn`v †gUv‡Z D™¢vweZ nq? [Xv. Õ07; Kz. Õ10]
K cÖ_g ● wØZxq M Z…Zxq N PZz_© ● K¨vjKz‡jU‡ii L wWwRUvj Kw¤•DUv‡ii
93. wØZxq cÖR‡š§i mdj wgwb‡d«g Kw¤•DUvi n‡”Q  [Kz. Õ04] M GbvjM Kw¤•DUv‡ii N BDwbfvK Kw¤•DUv‡ii
● Aviwm G-301 L gvK©-2 114. gvB‡µvcÖ‡mmi AwZ †QvU gv‡ci AwZ Aí AvqZbwewkó  Gi
M wcwWwc-8 N AvBweGg-507 ˆZwi| [P. Õ09]
94. wRB 200 †Kvb cÖR‡š§i Kw¤•DUvi? [Xv. Õ06] K c−vwUbvg L Avqib M †µvwgqvg ● wmwjKb
K cÖ_g cÖR‡š§i ● wØZxq cÖR‡š§i M Z…Zxq cÖR‡š§i N PZz_© cÖR‡š§i  cÂg cÖR‡š§i Kw¤•DUvi
 Z…Zxq cÖR‡š§i Kw¤•DUvi 115. cÂg cÖR‡š§i Kw¤•DUvi n‡e

95. wcwWwc-8 †Kvb ai‡bi Kw¤•DUvi? [Kz. Õ07] ● K…wÎg eyw×m¤•bœ L K…wÎg eyw×nxb
K mycvi Kw¤•DUvi ● wgwb‡d«g Kw¤•DUvi M ciwbf©ikxj N hš7nxb
M †gBb‡d«g Kw¤•DUvi N gvB‡µvKw¤•DUvi ✔ mdUIq¨v‡ii µgweKvk
96. wcwWwc-8 †Kvb cÖR‡š§i Kw¤•DUvi? [Kz. Õ10; P. Õ10, Õ08] 116. mdUIq¨vi kãwU KLb cÖ_g e¨envi Kiv nq?
K cÖ_g L wØZxq ● Z…Zxq N PZz_© ● 1958 mv‡j L 1968 mv‡j
97. g‡bvwjw_K BbwU‡MÖ‡UW mvwK©U (MIC) e¨envi nq †Kvb cÖR‡š§i M 1978 mv‡j N 1982 mv‡j
Kw¤•DUv‡i? [Kz. Õ07] 117. 1982 mv‡j †KvbwU †jLv‡jwLi Kv‡R RbwcÖq n‡q I‡V?
K cÖ_g L wØZxq ● Z…Zxq N PZz_© K PC DOS L MS DOS M GEOS ● Word Perfect
98. †Kvb cÖR‡š§ Kw¤•DUv‡ii m‡½ gwbU‡ii cÖPjb ïi“ nq? [iv. Õ09, Õ07]
K cÖ_g cÖRš§ L wØZxq cÖRš§ ● Z…Zxq cÖRš§ N PZz_© cÖRš§
✔ evsjv‡`‡k Kw¤•DUvi
118. evsjv‡`‡k cÖ_g Kw¤•DUvi ¯’vwcZ nq [h. Õ03; e. Õ04]
99. †Kvb cÖRš§ †_‡K Kw¤•DUv‡ii m‡½ †Uwjwfk‡bi c`©vi g‡Zv
K XvKv wek¦we`¨vj‡q L cÖ‡KŠkj wek¦we`¨vj‡q
gwbU‡ii cÖPjb ïi“ nq? [h. Õ05]
● cigvYy kw³ †K›`ª, XvKvq N ey¨‡iv Ae ÷¨vwUmwU·-G
K cÖ_g L wØZxq ● Z…Zxq N PZz_©
100. wb‡gœi †KvbwU 3q cÖR‡š§i Kw¤•DUvi? 119. evsjv‡`‡k cÖ_g Kw¤•DUv‡ii i¨vg wQj
 [iv. Õ06; wm. Õ08]
K 64 wK‡jvevBU ● 20 wK‡jvevBU
● wRB 600 L wRB 200
M Avi wm G 310 N AvB we Gg 709 M 128 wK‡jvevBU N 256 wK‡jvevBU
www.swapno.in
 BÝUªvKkb mvB‡Kj
Kw¤•DUv‡ii msMVb 138. BÝUªvKkb mvB‡Kj/wb‡`©k Pµ‡K KZ fv‡M fvM Kiv hvq? [wm. Õ03]
✔ Kw¤•DUv‡ii msMVb K 1 fv‡M L 3 fv‡M ● 2 fv‡M N 4 fv‡M
120. Kw¤•DUvi msMV†bi cÖavb Ask KZwU? [Xv. Õ10] 139. wb‡`©k wbe©vn Kivi `vwqZ¡ cvjb K‡i

● 2wU L 3wU M 4wU N 5wU K Decoder ● Execution Cycle M Fetch Cycle N Decode Cycle
✔ gvB‡µvcÖ‡mmi ev wmwcBD  †iwR÷vi
121. wmwcBD-Gi cÖavb Ask bq †KvbwU? [e. Õ05] 140. CPU-Gi Z_¨ cÖwµqvKi‡Yi KvR Kivi mgq Z_¨‡K
K †g‡gvwi L wbqš7Y BDwbU ¶Y¯’vqxfv‡e †Kv_vq Rgv ivLv nq? [Xv. Õ08]
● Acv‡iwUs wm‡÷g N MvwYwZK hyw³ BDwbU K gwbUi L ROM ● Register-G N Disk-G
122. wmwcBD‡K KZ fv‡M fvM Kiv nq? [iv. Õ07; P. Õ07; wm. Õ05; e. Õ03] 141. ¯§„wZ Ae¯’v‡bi wVKvbv/A¨v‡Wª‡mi Rb¨ †Kvb †iwR÷vi e¨eüZ nq?
K2 ●3 M4 N5 [P. Õ10]
123. †UW nd †Kvb wek¦we`¨vj‡qi wk¶K wQ‡jb? [Xv. Õ06; wm. Õ08] K mvaviY †iwR÷vi L wb‡`©k†iwR÷vi
● ÷¨vb‡dvW© wek¦we`¨vj‡qi L g¨vKbvm© wek¦we`¨vj‡qi M G¨vKzgy‡jUi †iwR÷vi ● †cÖvMÖvg MYbvKvix †iwR÷vi
M A·‡dvW© wek¦we`¨vj‡qi N wmwjKb f¨vwj wek¦we`¨vj‡qi 142. msi¶Y Kiv KvR †Kv_vq Rgv nq?
124. †UW nd †Kvb wel‡qi wk¶K wQ‡jb? [Xv. Õ06; wm. Õ08] K cÖavb ¯§„wZ‡Z ● mnvqK ¯§„wZ‡Z M RAM-G N ROM-G
K imvqbwe`¨v L Rxewe`¨v ● c`v_©we`¨v N MwYZ 143. †iwR÷vi n‡”Q  h. Õ08, Õ05, Õ06; wm. Õ09]
125. Ô†UW ndÕ KZ mv‡j gvB‡µvcÖ‡mm‡ii GKwU Kvh©Ki g‡Wj ˆZwi ● †K›`ªxq cÖwµqvKiY As‡k A¯’vqx Z_¨ avi‡Yi ¯’vb
K‡ib? [e. Õ07] L RAM M ROM N RAM Cache
K 1968 mv‡j ● 1970 mv‡j M 1971 mv‡j N 1976 mv‡j 144. MvwYwZK dj msi¶‡Yi Rb¨ wbw`©ó Kiv _v‡K
 [Xv. Õ03; Kz. Õ05]
126. †UW nd-Gi ˆZwi gvB‡µvcÖ‡mm‡ii bvg Kx wQj? [P. Õ04; e. Õ10] A_ev, MvwYwZK djvdj msi¶‡Yi Rb¨ †Kvb †iwR÷vi e¨eüZ nq?
K gvB‡µvcÖ‡mmi L gvB‡µv †g‡gvwi [Xv.. Õ09; e. Õ06]
M K‡›Uªvwjs wPc ● Kw¤•DUvi Bb G wPc †cÖvMÖvg MYbvKvix †iwR÷vi
K L wbw`©ó †iwR÷vi
127. wek¦L¨vZ Bb‡Uj †Kv¤•vwb cÖwZôv K‡ib
 [w`. Õ10] ● GKzgy‡jUi †iwR÷vi N †Kv‡bvwUB bq
K ee b‡qm I Rb †bwcqvq ● ee b‡qm I MW©b gyi  WvUv I G‡Wªm evm
M wej †MUm I gviKzjv N Pvj©m e¨v‡eR I w÷f Rem 145. Kw¤•DUv‡ii evm †KvbwU? [Xv. Õ05]
128. Kw¤•DUv‡ii gw¯[®‹ ejv hvq Kv‡K? [Xv. Õ10] K K‡›Uªvj evm L WvUv evm ● wfBGmG N †dP mvB‡Kj
K Windows XP L MS word M Hard Disk ● CPU 146. Kw¤•DUv‡ii evm bq †KvbwU? Kz. Õ07]
129. 1971 mv‡j ˆZwi cÖ_g gvB‡µvcÖ‡mmiwU wQj  [Xv. Õ04; Kz. Õ06] K EISA L USB ● IDE N PCI
A_ev, Bb‡Uj bvgK cÖwZôv‡bi ˆZwi cÖ_g gvB‡µvcÖ‡mm‡ii bvg Kx? [wm. Õ05] 147. Kw¤•DUv‡ii AwZ cwiwPZ GKwU evm nj
 [e. Õ05]
A_ev, cÖ_g gvB‡µvcÖ‡mmiwU Kx bv‡g cwiwPZ wQj? [Kz. Õ08; P. Õ06; e. Õ04] K CPU ● PCI M RAM N ROM
K Bb‡Uj-4040 L Bb‡Uj 8080 M 80286 N 80386 148. Kw¤•DUv‡ii evm bq †KvbwU? wm. Õ07]
[we. `ª. cÖ`Ë DËi¸‡jvi g‡a¨ †Kv‡bvwUB mwVK bq| mwVK DËi n‡e− K K‡›Uªvj evm L WvUv evm M wfBGmG ● †dP mvB‡Kj
Bb‡Uj 4004|] www.swapno.in 149. USB †cv‡U© WvUv UªvÝdv‡ii cÖv_wgK MwZ KZ wQj?
130. gvB‡µvcÖ‡mm‡ii KvR Kx? [iv. Õ03] ● 12 †gMvevBU L 720 wK‡jvevBU
K Z_¨ BbcyU †`Iqv L Z_¨ gy`ªY Kiv M 28 †gMvevBU N 800 wK‡jvevBU
M Z_¨ msi¶Y Kiv ● Z_¨ cÖwµqvKiY Kiv 150. wVKvbv wPwýZ Kivi Rb¨ †Kvb ai‡bi evm e¨eüZ nq? [iv. 10]
131. gvB‡µvcÖ‡mm‡ii Ask bq  [h. Õ03] ● G‡Wªm evm L cwienb evm M B-†gBj N K‡›Uªvj evm
K GGjBD L K‡›Uªvj BDwbU  Kw¤•DUv‡ii ¯§„wZ
● †iwR÷vi A¨v‡i N RAM 151. Kw¤•DUv‡ii ¯§„wZ‡K Kq fv‡M fvM Kiv hvq?
132. gvB‡µvcÖ‡mm‡ii †Kvb Ask Z_¨ cÖwµqvKi‡Yi KvR K‡i _v‡K? ●2 L3 M4 N5
[Xv. Õ06; Kz. Õ06] 152. Z_¨ msi¶‡Yi Rb¨ KZ¸‡jv ¯’vb wb‡q Kw¤•DUv‡ii cÖavb ¯§„wZ MwVZ?
● MvwYwZK BDwbU L wbqš7Y BDwbU K 2wU L 3wU M 4wU ● A‡bK¸‡jv
M †g‡gvwi N AvDUcyU BDwbU
133. gvB‡µvcÖ‡mm‡ii †Kvb AskwU WvUv cÖ‡mwms-Gi Rb¨ e¨eüZ nq? [h. Õ03] ✔ cÖavb †g‡gvwii cÖKvi‡f` I aviY ¶gZv
● ALU L Control Unit M Register Array N Accumulator
153. Aa©cwievnx ev †mwgKÛv±i †g‡gvwi n‡”Q  [P. Õ09]
● i¨vg I ig L nvW©wW¯‹ I d¬wcwW¯‹
 wbqš0Y BDwbU M i¨vg I wmwW N ig I †cbWªvBf
134. wbqš0Y BDwb‡U BbcyU wn‡m‡e Avmv Z_¨¸‡jv †Kv_vq Rgv nq? 154. i¨vg Gi ¯§„wZ n‡jv 
K mnvqK ¯§„wZ‡Z ● cÖavb ¯§„wZ‡Z
● Aa© cwievnx L mycwievnx M Kz-cwievnx N Acwievnx
M ig (ROM) G N AvDUcy‡U
135. wbqš0Y BDwbU †Kv_v †_‡K Z_¨¸‡jv MvwYwZK hyw³ BDwb‡U †cÖiY K‡i? 155. cÖavb †g‡gvwi bq †KvbwU? [P. Õ08]
K Aa©-cwievnx †g‡gvwi L cvZjv c`©v †g‡gvwi
K ig (ROM) †_‡K ● i¨vg (RAM) †_‡K
M BbcyU †_‡K N AvDUcyU †_‡K M †PŠ¤^K †Kvi †g‡gvwi ● †PŠ¤^K wdZv
156. Kw¤•DUv‡i e¨eüZ cÖavb †g‡gvix n‡”Q 
 MvwYwZK hyw³ BDwbU K nvW©wW¯‹ L K¨vk †ggix ● i¨vg N †cbWªvBf
136. MvwYwZK hyw³ BDwb‡U cÖwµqvKi‡Yi KvR m¤•v`b Kivi Rb¨ †h 157. gvB‡µvKw¤•DUv‡ii cÖavb †g‡gvwi wn‡m‡e †KvbwU e¨envi nq? [Kz. Õ10, Õ07]
A¯’vqx DcvË e¨envi Kiv nq Zvi bvg  [P. Õ04] ● Aa©cwievnx †g‡gvwi L †PŠ¤^K †Kvi †g‡gvwi
K WvUv L Bbdi‡gkvb ● Acv‡iÛ N BÝUªvKkb M PvR© Kvcj †g‡gvwi N cvZjv c`©v †g‡gvwi
137. MvwYwZK hyw³ As‡ki KvR‡K Kq fv‡M fvM Kiv hvq? 158. gvB‡µvKw¤•DUv‡i †Kvb ai‡bi ¯§„wZ e¨envi Kiv nq? [Xv. Õ04]
[iv. Õ05, Õ04; h. Õ06, Õ05; P. Õ06] K cÖv_wgK ¯§„wZ ● Aa©cwievnx ¯§„wZ
A_ev, gvB‡µvcÖ‡mm‡ii MvwYwZK hyw³ BDwb‡Ui KvR Kq fv‡M fvM M cwievnx ¯§„wZ N Acwievnx ¯§„wZ
Kiv hvq? [Xv. Õ07] 159. Aa©cwievnx (†mwgKÛv±i) †g‡gvwi KZ cÖKvi? [iv. Õ04]
K `yB fv‡M ● wZb fv‡M M Pvi fv‡M N cuvP fv‡M ● `yB cÖKvi L wZb cÖKvi M Pvi cÖKvi N cuvP cÖKvi
 i¨vg (RAM) 181. RAM Cache  Gi Ask we‡kl. [Xv. Õ08]
160. †Kvb&wU cÖavb ¯§…wZ? [Kz. Õ09; e. Õ09] K RAM Chips L Core Storage M Main Storage ● RAM
A_ev, †KvbwU cÖv_wgK ¯§„wZ? [iv. Õ10] 182. RAM Cache-Gi KZ fv‡Mi †ewk e¨envi Kiv DwPZ bq? [h. Õ04]
K CD L HDD ● RAM N FDD K GK-Z…Zxqvsk L A‡a©K
161. Kw¤•DUv‡ii A¯’vqx ¯§„wZkw³‡K ejv nq  [iv. Õ08; h. Õ03] ● GK-PZz_©vsk N Dc‡ii †Kv‡bvwU bq
K ROM ● RAM M wmwcBD N BbcyU 183. RAM Cache Gi Rb¨ †gvU RAM Gi KZ As‡ki †ewk eivÏ Kiv
162. Kw¤•DUv‡ii Kg© GjvKv †KvbwU? [iv. Õ09, Õ07; P. Õ05] DwPZ bq? [P. Õ09]
K RAM Cache ● RAM M RAM Chip N ROM 1 3 1 1
163.  n‡”Q Kw¤•DUv‡ii Kg© GjvKv| [h. Õ04]

4 Ask L
4 Ask M
2 Ask N
3 Ask
K nvW©wW¯‹ L d¬wcwW¯‹ ● i¨vg N ig
✔ mnvqK ¯§„wZi cÖKvi‡f`
164. BbcyU wn‡m‡e Avmv Z_¨¸‡jv Rgv nq †Kv_vq? [iv. Õ05]
184. nvW© wW¯‹ nj [iv. Õ08; h. Õ07; e. Õ10]
K gwbU‡i L Kx †ev‡W© M i‡g ● i¨v‡g
K cÖv_wgK †g‡gvwi L PvR© Kvcj †g‡gvwi
165. RAM-†K Kx ejv nq? [e. Õ08]
M cÖavb †g‡gvwi ● mnvqK †g‡gvwi
K Temporary Memory L Main Memory
185. nvW© wW¯‹ GKwU [h. Õ03]
M Core Memory ● Dc‡ii me¸‡jv
● mnvqK ¯§„wZ L cÖavb ¯§„wZ M RAM N ROM
166. RAM Cache-Gi KvR Kx?
186. wb‡Pi †KvbwU Kw¤•DUv‡ii mnvqK ¯§„wZ bq?
K Z_¨ aviY I web¨vm Kiv ● Kv‡Ri MwZ e„w× Kiv
K nvW©wW¯‹ L wmwW M g¨vM‡bwUK wieb ● ig
M RAM Rb¨ RvqMv K‡i †`qv N ROM †K mvnvh¨ Kiv
187. wb‡Pi †KvbwU mnvqK ¯§„wZi Aš[f©y³ bq? [P. Õ04]
167. Kw¤•DUv‡ii A¯’vqx †g‡gvwi‡K ejv nq  [iv. Õ08; h. Õ03]
K nvW© wW¯‹ L d¬wc wW¯‹
K ROM ● RAM M nvW©wW¯‹ N d¬wc wW¯‹
M wmwW ● Aa©cwievnx ¯§„wZ
168. †Kvi †÷v‡iR (Core storage) wn‡m‡e Kv‡K wPwýZ Kiv nq? [Xv. Õ07; Kz. Õ10]
188. wWwfwW i¨vg GKwU −− †g‡gvix|
K ROM ● RAM M C: drive N Hard disk
169. wK‡mi mvnv‡h¨ RAM-Gi aviY ¶gZv evov‡bv hvq? [Xv. Õ10] K cÖavb L mnvqK ● K¨vk N i¨vg K¨vk
K Main Storage L Core Storage ● RAM Chips N RAM Cache 189. cv‡m©vbvj Kw¤•DUv‡i eûj e¨eüZ K‡qKwU mnvqK †g‡gvix n‡jv-
170. †Kvb&wU mnvqK †g‡gvwi bq? [wm. Õ09; w`. Õ09] K nvW© wW¯‹ L wmwW M wWwfwW ig ● me¸‡jv
K Floppy Disk L Hard Disk M Compact Disk ● RAM 190. bx‡Pi †KvbwU mnvqK ¯§„wZ? [Xv. Õ10]
171. i¨v‡gi aviY ¶gZv m¤•ªmviY Kiv hvq  [Kz. Õ04] ● Hard Disk L Kernel M ROM N Modem
A_ev, wb‡Pi †KvbwU †hvM K‡i i¨v‡gi aviY ¶gZv evov‡bv hvq?  d¬wc wW¯‹
[e. Õ06] 191. 1.2/1.4 †gMvevBU aviY¶gZvm¤•bœ d¬wc wW¯‹‡K ejv nq 
● AwZwi³ i¨vg wPc †hvM K‡i L bZzb wPc ˆZwi K‡i d¬wc wW¯‹| [P. Õ10; wm. Õ08]
M i¨vgK¨vk e¨envi K‡i N †Kv‡bvwUB bq ● nvB †WbwmwU L Wej †WbwmwU M mycvi †WbwmwU N mvaviY
172. i¨v‡gi wb‡`©kvbv¸‡jv‡K A‡bK mgq wK wnmv‡e AwfwnZ Kiv nq? 192. nvB †WbwmwU d¬wc wW‡¯‹i aviY ¶gZv KZ? [iv. Õ03; P. Õ05]
K Bcig L cÖg M i¨vg K¨vk ● dvg©Iq¨vi K 12 − 14 †gMvevBU ● 1.2 − 1.4 †gMvevBU
173. i¨vg-Gi MwZ evov‡bvi Rb¨ Kx e¨envi Kiv nq? [Kz. Õ05] M 10 − 20 †gMvevBU N 1.4 − 1.6 †gMvevBU
K i¨vg wPc ● i¨vg K¨vk M AwZwi³ i¨vg N i¨vg w¯•W 193. High Density d¬wc wW‡¯‹i aviY ¶gZv KZ? [P. Õ05]
174. i¨vg Gi aviY ¶gZv  [w`. †ev. Õ09] K 720 wK‡jvevBU L 800 wK‡jvevBU
K evov‡bv hvq bv L KL‡bv KL‡bv evov‡bv hvq ● 1.2 †gMvevBU N 1.8 †gMvevBU
● evov‡bv hvq N KL‡bv evov‡bv hvq bv 194. 720/800 wK‡jvevBU aviY¶gZvm¤•bœ d¬wc wW¯‹‡K ejv nq 
 ig (ROM) [Kz. Õ08]
175. ROM Gi cRY© iƒc †Kvb&wU? [h. Õ09; e. Õ09] K mycvi †WbwmwU d¬wc wW¯‹ L nvB †WbwmwU d¬wc wW¯‹
K Random Access Memory L Root Only Memory M Wej †WbwmwU d¬wc wW¯‹ ● mvaviY d¬wc wW¯‹
● Read Only Memory N Red Only Memory 195. †Kvb wW¯‹ mivmwi di‡gU Kiv hvq bv? [Kz. Õ03]
176. wb‡Pi †KvbwU Kw¤•DUv‡ii cÖavb ¯§„wZ? [Xv. Õ05; wm. Õ07] K nvW©wW¯‹ ● d¬wc wW¯‹
K nvW©wW¯‹ L wmwW M wi‡gvf¨vej wW¯‹ N Kgc¨vKU wW¯‹
M g¨vM‡bwUK wieb ● ig  nvW© wW¯‹
177. Kw¤•DUv‡ii gvB‡µvcÖ‡mmi wK‡mi wb‡`©k co‡Z cv‡i? 196. Kw¤•DUv‡ii wd·W wW¯‹ n‡”Q 
K ROM-Gi ● ROM Chips-Gi K wRc wW¯‹ ● nvW© wW¯‹ M d¬wc wW¯‹ N wW¯‹ WªvBf
M RAM-Gi N RAM Chips-Gi 197. wb‡Pi †KvbwU nvW© wW¯‹ B›Uvi‡dm bq?
 Bwcig (EPROM) K AvBwWGd L ¯‹¨vwR−−3 ● AvBwm N GmwmGg AvB
178. EPROM Gi cRY©iƒc n‡”Q  wmwW-wWwfwW I wRc WªvBf
K Easily Programmable Read only Memory 198. CD kãwUi cRY© A_© nj  [h. Õ07]
L Easily Programmable Read optical Memory ● Compact Disk L Computer Disk
M Eraseble Programmable Random optical Memory M Compact Drive N Compress Drive
● Eraseable Programmable Read only Memory 199. †KvbwU mnvqK ¯§„wZ? [Xv. Õ03; iv. Õ09, Õ06; h. Õ06; P. Õ03]
179. †hme ¯’vqx ¯§„wZ †cÖvMÖvg Kiv hvq Ges cÖ‡qvR‡b gy‡Q †djv hvq K i¨vg (RAM) L ig (ROM)
Zv‡`i Kx e‡j? ● wmwW N i¨vg K¨vk (RAM Cache)
K ROM L RAM ● EPROM N USB 200. wWwfwW †Kvb ai‡bi ¯§„wZ? [h. Õ04; Kz. Õ03]
 i¨vg K¨vk ● mnvqK ¯§„wZ L cÖavb ¯§„wZ M A¯’vqx ¯§„wZ N ¯’vqx ¯§„wZ
180. Kv‡Ri MwZ evov‡bvi Rb¨ Kx e¨eüZ nq? 201. DVD Gi cRY©iƒc n‡”Q
[iv. Õ10, Õ08, Õ06, Õ04; Kz. Õ09; wm. Õ05, Õ04; e. Õ10, Õ09] K Digital Video Drum L Digical Video Disk
K Core Storage L Main Storage ● RAM Cache N RAM Chips M Daily Video Disk ● Digital Video Disk
✔ BbcyU I AvDUcyU wWfvBm 224. Kw¤•DUv‡ii fvlv‡K †Uwj‡dv‡bi fvlvq iƒcvš[i K‡i †KvbwU? [P. Õ07]
 BbcyU wWfvBm K jvBU‡cb ● g‡Wg M ¯‹¨vbvi N OMR
202. wb‡Pi †KvbwU Kw¤•DUv‡ii AvDUcyU hš0vsk bq? [wm. Õ07] 225. Kw¤•DUv‡ii fvlv‡K †Uwj‡dv‡bi fvlvq Ges †Uwj‡dv‡bi fvlv‡K
K wmwW L d¬wcwW¯‹ M gwbUi ● gvDm Kw¤•DUv‡ii fvlvq iƒcvš[i Kivi Rb¨ †Kvb hš0wU e¨eüZ nq? [P. Õ06]
203. Kx †ev‡W©i Shift, Ctrl, Alt Kx¸‡jv‡K ejv nq
 [e. Õ06] K UPS L IPS M ISP ● MODEM
K Function key L Numeric key ● Modifier key N Space key 226. wWwRUvj K¨v‡givi Rb¨  [h. Õ03]
204. Kx-†ev‡W© KZK¸‡jv dvskb Kx Av‡Q? [P. Õ03; wm. Õ03] K 35 wg wg wdj¥ e¨envi Ki‡Z nq L 16 wg wg wdj¥ e¨envi Ki‡Z nq
● 12wU L 10wU M 8wU N 6wU ● wdj¥ e¨envi Ki‡Z nq bv N wfwWI wdj¥ e¨envi Ki‡Z nq
205. ¯‹¨vbvi GK ai‡bi  [P. Õ03] 227. †cv÷ w¯ŒÞ Kx? [Kz. Õ05; e. Õ07]
K ¯§„wZ L gvB‡µvcÖ‡mmi K GKwU wcÖ›Uvi ● wcÖ›Uv‡ii fvlv
● BbcyU wWfvBm N AvDUcyU wWfvBm M GK ai‡bi Kx-†evW© N w¯ŒÞ ˆZwi Kiv
206. jvBU †cb nj GK ai‡bi  [e. Õ06] ✔ cv‡m©vbvj Kw¤•DUvi I Zvi ˆewkó¨
K wcÖ›Uvi L AvDUcyU wWfvBm 228. Personal Computer-Gi KvwiMwi bvg Kx? [Xv. Õ05]
● BbcyU wWfvBm N wWwRUvj K¨v‡giv
K wcwm ● gvB‡µvKw¤•DUvi
207. DËicÎ gRj¨vq‡bi Rb¨ Kw¤•DUv‡ii mv‡_ wK ms‡hvM Ki‡Z nq? [Xv. Õ10] M AvBweGg N gvB Kw¤•DUvi
K ¯‹¨vbvi L gvwëwgwWqv ● OMR N SIF
229. †K¬vb n‡”Q
 [P. Õ03]
208. †KvbwU BbcyU hš0? [h. Õ10]
K DbœZ Kw¤•DUv‡ii bKj L me‡P‡q DbœZ Kw¤•DUvi
K Plotter ● OMR M Speaker N Printer
● AvBweGg wcwmÕi bKj N me‡P‡q wbægv‡bi Kw¤•DUvi
 AvDUcyU wWfvBm
209. wb‡Pi †KvbwU Kw¤•DUv‡ii AvDUcyU hš0vsk bq? [Xv. Õ05; e. Õ07] ✔ cv‡m©vbvj Kw¤•DUv‡ii Rš§K_v
K wmwW L d¬wc wW¯‹ M gwbUi ● wmwcBD 230. gvB‡µvcÖ‡mmi 8080 wfwËK Kw¤•DUv‡ii bvg Kx wQj? [Xv. Õ07]
210. WU †gwUª· wcÖ›Uv‡i gy`ªY nq [P. Õ10] ● Avj‡Zqvi L G¨vcj M gvK©-1 N AvBweGg-34
● wcb I wie‡bi mvnv‡h¨ L †¯•Ö c×wZ‡Z 231. †Kvb mv‡j AvBweGg wcwm evRv‡i Qv‡o? [P. Õ07]
M †jRvi weg iwk¥i mvnv‡h¨ N we‡kl ai‡bi †c‡bi mvnv‡h¨ K 1980 ● 1981 M 1971 N 1964
211. †KvbwU D”P Nb‡Z¡i gy`ªY hš0? [Xv. Õ08, Õ04; iv. Õ08; Kz. Õ09] 232. A¨vcj †Kv¤•vbx KZ mv‡j gvB‡µv Kw¤•DUvi evRv‡i Qv‡o?
K BsK‡RU wcÖ›Uvi ● †jRvi wcÖ›Uvi K 1986 L 1984 M 1981 ● 1976
M Bgc¨v± wcÖ›Uvi N B‡gR ivBUvi 233. 1984 mv‡j G¨vcj Kw¤•DUvi †Kv¤•vbx KZ we‡Ui Kw¤•DUvi
212. c−Uvi †Kvb ai‡bi wWfvBm? [h. Õ09, Õ07, Õ03; Kz. Õ05; P. Õ06] evRv‡i Qv‡o?
A_ev, c−Uvi †Kvb ai‡bi hš0? [wm. Õ08, e. Õ08; w`. Õ10] K 8wU L 16wU ● 32 wU N 64wU
K BbcyU wWfvBm ● AvDUcyU wWfvBm 234. IBM PC bv‡g gvB‡µvKw¤•DUvi KZ mv‡j evRv‡i Qvov nq? [wm. Õ04]
M Dfq cÖKvi N †Kv‡bvwUB bq K 1971 mv‡j L 1976 mv‡j ● 1981 mv‡j N 1985 mv‡j
213. c−Uv‡i wK‡mi mvnv‡h¨ wcÖ›U Kvh© mgvav Kiv nq? 235. gvB‡µvmdU †Kvb †`‡ki †Kv¤•vbx?
● †cb L wcÖ›U †nW M wcÖ›Uvi N †gwUª·
K R©vgvb L hy³ivR¨ ● hy³ivó« N Rvcvb
214. AvDUcyU hš0 ev wWfvBm †Kvb&wU?[h. Õ08; Kz. Õ08; P. Õ08; wm. Õ10, Õ05; e. Õ04]
236. G¨vcj †Kv¤•vwbi m`i `ßi †Kv_vq?
● c−Uvi L ¯‹¨vbvi
● KzcviwU‡bv‡Z L K¨vwj‡dvwb©qvq M Avjv¯‹vq N wbDBq‡K©
M MÖvwd· U¨ve‡jU N gvB‡µv‡dvb
215. c−Uvi n‡”Q GK ai‡bi  [Xv. Õ09; Kz. Õ04]
237. gvB‡µvmdU †Kv¤•vwb Ges Gi cÖavb mdUIq¨vi ¯’cwZi bvg Kx?
[e. Õ03]
K we‡bv`b hš7 L Z_¨ wewbgq hš7 M MYbv hš7 ● wcÖ›Uvi
216. gvbwPÎ I Ab¨vb¨ b·v wcÖ›U Kivi Rb¨ e¨eüZ nq †Kvb&wU? [P. Õ09] Kw÷e Rem L Pvj©m e¨v‡eR ● wej †MUm N gviKzjv
K WU †gwUª· wcÖ›Uvi L †jRvi wcÖ›Uvi 238. gvB‡µvmdU KZ mv‡j Cobol evRviRvZ K‡i? [wm. Õ03]
M B¼‡RU wcÖ›Uvi ● c−Uvi K 1971 mv‡j ● 1978 mv‡j M 1981 mv‡j N 1994 mv‡j
217. c−Uv‡i wcÖ›U nq Kxfv‡e? [wm. Õ06] 239. KZ mv‡j G¨vcj Acv‡iwUs wm‡÷g 7.3 cÖeZ©b K‡i?
● †cb-Gi mvnv‡h¨ L wcÖ›U †nW-Gi mvnv‡h¨ K 1980 mv‡j L 1985 mv‡j ● 1991 mv‡j N 1989 mv‡j
M B‡gR †mUv‡ii mvnv‡h¨ N i“jv‡ii mvnv‡h¨ ✔ Kw¤•DUv‡ii i¶Yv‡e¶Y I mwVK e¨envi
✔ BbcyU I AvDUcyU h‡š0i ms‡hvM  †fŠZ cwi‡ek
218. wcÖ›Uvi-¯‹¨vbvi †Kvb ai‡bi hš0? [Xv. Õ06; Kz. Õ10] 240. e¨w³MZ ev e¨emvqx cÖwZôv‡b Kw¤•DUvi e¨env‡ii Rb¨ †Kvb
● BbcyU-AvDUcyU L BbcyU M AvDUcyU N Af¨šNixY cwi‡e‡ki cÖwZ †Lqvj ivL‡Z nq?
219. `ª“ZMwZ‡Z WvUv UªvÝdvi Kivi Rb¨ †Kvb †cvU© e¨eüZ nq? K ˆe`y¨wZK cwi‡ek ● †fŠZ cwi‡ek
K BbcyU †cvU© L BDGmwe †cvU© M AvDUcyU †cvU© ● †KvbwUB bq M cvwievwiK cwi‡ek N cÖvwZôvwbK cwi‡ek
220. g‡Wg n‡”Q  [Xv. Õ03; h. Õ09, Õ05; Kz.Õ04; wm. Õ09, Õ06, Õ04] 241. Kw¤•DUv‡ii Af¨š[‡i †Kvb hš0vw`‡Z ayjvevwji Rb¨ me‡P‡q †ewk
K mnvqK ¯§„wZ L wmwcBD-Gi Ask mgm¨v m„wó nq? www.swapno.in
● Z_¨ Av`vb-cÖ`v‡bi hš7 N DbœZgv‡bi wcÖ›Uvi K †g‡gvwi wPc L m{¶¥ hvwš7K ms‡hvM
221. g‡Wg †Kvb ai‡bi hš0? [Kz. Õ07] M wW¯‹ WªvBf ● me¸‡jv
● BbcyU-AvDUcyU L BbcyU M AvDUcyU N Af¨šNixY
 ˆe`y¨wZK cwi‡ek
222. †Kvb h‡š0i mvnv‡h¨ Kw¤•DUv‡ii fvlv‡K †Uwj‡dv‡bi fvlvq Ges 242. Kw¤•DUvi hš0wU‡K fvj ivL‡Z n‡j cÖ_‡gB ¸i“Z¡ w`‡Z n‡e
†Uwj‡dv‡bi fvlv‡K Kw¤•DUv‡ii fvlvq iƒcvš[wiZ K‡i Z_¨ †cÖiY
†KvbwUi cÖwZ? [Kz. Õ03]
I MÖnY Kiv hvq? [e. Õ04]
K K‡¶i ZvcgvÎv ● we`y¨r e¨e¯’v
K ¯‹¨vbvi L jvBU †cb ● g‡Wg N wcÖ›Uvi
M e¨enviKvixi †hvM¨Zv N fvBivm
223. Modulator I Demodulator-Gi msw¶ß iƒc n‡”Q− − [Xv. Õ09, Õ04]
K MODULATE L DEMODULATE 243. Kw¤•DUv‡ii cÖavb PvwjKv kw³ n‡”Q

● MODEM N MODULE K †fŠZ cwi‡ek ● we`y¨r M Zvc N Av‡jvK
 †fv‡ëR ÷¨vwejvBRvi 261. Start up disk-G Kx _v‡K? [e. Õ08]
244. Avgv‡`i †`‡k we`y¨r e¨e¯’vq †fv‡ë‡Ri cwigvY KZ _vKvi K_v? ● System software L MS-Word
K 110 ● 220 M 440 N 480 M MS-Access N Programming Ianguage C+
245. Kw¤•DUvi‡K wbivc` ivLvi Rb¨ †Kvb hš0wU e¨envi Kiv DwPZ? 262. Acv‡iwUs wm‡÷g Kw¤•DUv‡ii nvW©Iq¨vi I G¨vwc−‡Kkb †cÖvMÖv‡gi
K ¯‹¨vbvi L wcÖ›Uvi g‡a¨
 [h. Õ03]
M wmwW WªvBf ● †fv‡ëR ÷¨vwejvBRvi K IqvW© cÖ‡mwms K‡i ● †mZz iPbv K‡i
 BDwcGm M †¯•ªWkxU KvR K‡i N WvUv‡e‡Ri KvR K‡i
246. BDwcGm (UPS) Kx? 263. †KvbwU Acv‡iwUs wm‡÷‡gi cÖavb I ¸i“Z¡cYR © KvR? [Xv. Õ02]
● Uninterrupted Power supply L Unlimited Power Supply ● e¨e¯’vcbv L Z_¨ msi¶Y
M Utility Power Supply N Urgent Power Supply M AvDUcyU †`Iqv N Z_¨ cybi“×vi
247. we`y¨r mieivn eÜ n‡j KZ mgq ch©š[ BDwcGm Øviv we`y¨r 264. †KvbwU nvW©Iq¨vi I G¨vwc−‡Kk‡bi mv‡_ †hvMmRÎ i¶v K‡i? [P. Õ03]
K K‡›Uªvj BDwbU L CPU
mieivn Ae¨vnZ ivLv hvq?
K 5−10 wgwbU ● 10−30 wgwbU M 20−50 wgwbU N 1 NÈv M BbcyU wWfvBm ● Acv‡iwUs wm‡÷g

✔ fvBivm I fvBiv‡mi wei“‡× wbivcËv e¨e¯’v ✔ Acv‡iwUs wm‡÷‡gi MVb


265. Acv‡iwUs wm‡÷g MwVZ nq A‡bK¸‡jv 
248. Kw¤•DUv‡i fvBivm Kx ai‡bi †cÖvMÖvg?
K wdì Gi mgš^‡q ● †cÖvMÖvg Gi mgš^‡q
K wbivcËv cÖ`vbKvix ● wecwË m„wóKvix
M †iKW© Gi mgš^‡q N WvUv Gi mgš^‡q
M kbv³Kvix N we`y¨r cÖ`vbKvix
266. †Kvb&wU wbqš0Y As‡ki mswk−ó †cÖvMÖvg? [Kz. Õ01]
 WªvBf cwi®‹viKiY K c¨v‡KR †cÖvMÖvg L †mevg{jK †cÖvMÖvg
249. WªvB‡f †Kv‡bv cÖKvi ayjvevwj ev gqjv R‡g †M‡j M wbw`©ó †cÖvMÖvg ● mycvifvBRi †cÖvMÖvg
● wW¯‹ WvUv cvV Ki‡Z cv‡i bv L wW‡¯‹ WvUv wjL‡Z nq 267. †mevgRjK †cÖvMÖv‡gi Ask KqwU? [Xv. Õ06; P. Õ08; wm. Õ04; e. Õ07]
M WªvBf cwi®‹vi Kiv hvq bv N Gw›UfvBivm cÖ‡qvM Ki‡Z nq A_ev, †mevgRjK †cÖvMÖvg‡K Kqfv‡M fvM Kiv hvq? [w`. Õ10]
 wbqwgZ ˆ`wbK i¶Yv‡e¶Y K QqwU L PviwU ● `ywU N wZbwU
250. wbqwgZ cÖwZ‡ivagRjK i¶Yv‡e¶‡Yi D‡Ïk¨ n‡”Q  268. †mevgRjK †cÖvMÖv‡gi `yBwU Ask i‡q‡Q, cÖwµqvKiY †cÖvMÖvg Ges 
● †Kv‡bv hš7vsk‡K hZœ I cwiPh©vi gva¨‡g Kvh©¶g ivLv [P. Õ04]
L †Kv‡bv hš7vs‡ki nviv‡bv Kvh©¶gZv wdwi‡q Avbv K wbqš7Y †cÖvMÖvg ● Dc‡hvM †cÖvMÖvg
M ΓwUhy³ hš7vsk e¨envi bv Kiv N wbqwgZ mKj hš7vsk Ly‡j ivLv M ms‡hvRK †cÖvMÖvg N Acv‡iwUs †cÖvMÖvg
✔ Acv‡iwUs wm‡÷‡gi cÖKvi‡f`
Kw¤•DUvi mdUIq¨vi I Acv‡iwUs wm‡÷g 269. Kg©wefv‡Mi wfwˇZ Acv‡iwUs wm‡÷g‡K Kq fv‡M fvM Kiv †h‡Z
✔ mdUIq¨v‡ii aviYv cv‡i? [iv. Õ10, Õ04; h. Õ05; P. Õ09, Õ06; e. Õ09, Õ04]
251. †KvbwU Kw¤•DUv‡ii cÖvYkw³? ● 2 fv‡M L 3 fv‡M M 4 fv‡M N 6 fv‡M
K wmwcD L nvW©wW¯‹ ● mdUIq¨vi N mvDÛ 270. Acv‡iwUs wm‡÷‡gi †K›`ªxq Ask‡K ejv nq 
252. mdUIq¨vi n‡”Q nvW©Iq¨vi¸‡jvi  [Xv. Õ05, Õ03] [iv. Õ03; Kz. Õ08, Õ04; P. Õ07; wm. Õ08, Õ04]
K gw¯N®‹ ● cÖvY M nvZ N cv A_ev, Acv‡iwUs wm‡÷‡gi me‡P‡q ¸i“Z¡cRY© Ask nj−
− [h. Õ07; e. Õ10, Õ06]
253. †cÖvMÖvg nj KZK¸‡jv  A_ev, AvaywbK wm‡÷g mdUIq¨v‡ii wbDwK¬qvm †KvbwU?
K MvwYwZK hyw³ ● wb‡`©kgvjv [P. Õ10; e. Õ08; w`. Õ10]
M wb‡`©k Avbqb N wb‡`©k wbe©vn K †kj L †Kvi ● Kvi‡bj N †m›Uvi c‡q›U
254. Kw¤•DUv‡ii wbR¯^ eyw×i cwigvY KZ? [Xv. Õ01] 271. wPÎwfwËK Acv‡iwUs wm‡÷g †KvbwU? [iv. Õ06]
K gvby‡li †P‡q A‡bK †ewk L gvby‡li mgvb ● DB‡ÛvR L BDwb· M Wm (DOS) N IGm/2
M gvby‡li †P‡q mvgvb¨ Kg ● †bB 272. †KvbwUi Dci wfwË K‡i wm‡÷g mdUIq¨vi M‡o D‡V? [e. Õ03]
www.swapno.in K BÝUªvKkb mvB‡Kj L cvIqvi I‡cb
✔ Acv‡iwUs wm‡÷g ● Kvi‡bj N wfwmK¨vé
255. mdUIq¨vi cÖavbZ KZ ai‡bi? [Xv. 10; iv. Õ10]
K3 L4 M5 ●2
273. †Kvb welqwU Kw¤•DUvi eyS‡Z cv‡i? [Xv. Õ08]
256. mdUIq¨vi kw³i aib Kx? K Bs‡iwR ● wbR¯^ fvlv M evsjv N Aviwe
K `„k¨ kw³ ● A`„k¨ kw³ M A‡jŠwKK kw³ N ivmvqwbK kw³ 274. Kw¤•DUv‡ii wbR¯^ fvlv n‡”Q  [h. Õ03]
257. Kw¤•DUv‡ii Af¨š[ixY KvR¸‡jv cwiPvjbv K‡i- [iv. Õ01] ● †gwkb fvlv L G‡m¤^wj fvlv M D”PZi fvlv N Bs‡iwR fvlv
K Gg. Gm. IqvW© L Gg. Gm. G‡·j 275. Kw¤•DUv‡ii K‡qKwU Acv‡iwUs wm‡÷g nj  [e. Õ05]
M nvW©wW¯‹ ● Acv‡iwUs wm‡÷g K Wm, K¨vW, DB‡ÛvR L Wm, †ewmK, G‡·j
● DB‡ÛvR, G¨vUjvm, BDwb· N BDwb·, g¨vM I Gm, G‡·m
✔ Acv‡iwUs wm‡÷‡gi KvR Kivi c×wZ 276. Kw¤•DUv‡ii Rb¨ Acwinvh© md&UIq¨vi  [w`. Õ09]
258. Kw¤•DUvi myBP Ab (ON) Kivi mv‡_ mv‡_ †K RAM Gi RvqMvi K A¨vwc−‡Kkb †cÖvMÖvg ● Acv‡iwUs wm‡÷g
cwigvY cix¶v K‡i? [Xv. Õ06]
M Gg Gm IqvW© N Gg Gm G‡·j
K ÷vU© Avc wW¯‹ L gvB‡µv cÖ‡mmi
277. UvBg †kqvwis md&UIq¨vi †Kvb †¶‡Î e¨eüZ nq? [Xv. Õ08]
M wK¬c †evW© ● Acv‡iwUs wm‡÷g
● †jvKvj Gwiqv †bUIqv‡K© L K‡›Uªvj †cÖvMÖv‡g
259. myBP Ab Kivi mv‡_ mv‡_ Kw¤•DUvi Kx †`‡L? [Xv. Õ05; wm. Õ07]
M cÖ‡mwms †cÖvMÖv‡g N BDwUwjwU †cÖvMÖv‡g
A_ev, Kw¤•DUvi Pvjy Kivi mv‡_ mv‡_ Acv‡iwUs wm‡÷g Kx cix¶v
278. †Kvb Kgv‡Ûi mvnv‡h¨ Acv‡iwUs wm‡÷g cwiPvjbv Kiv nq?[iv. Õ09]
K‡i †bq? [Xv. Õ10; Kz. Õ09]
● eY©wfwËK ev wPÎwfwËK L QwewfwËK
● i¨vg †¯•m L nvW©wW¯‹ †¯•m M ÷vU© Avc wW¯‹ N UvBg
M `„k¨wfwËK N A¶iwfwËK
260. Kw¤•DUv‡ii †h wW‡¯‹ wm‡÷g mdU&Iq¨vi _v‡K Zv‡K Kx e‡j?
[iv. Õ07, Õ03; h. Õ04; Kz. Õ08; P. Õ08; wm. Õ06, Õ05, Õ03]
279. UvBg †kqvwis, wi‡mvm© †kqvwis I K¬v‡q›U mvf©vi  [w`. Õ09]
K A¨vwc−‡Kkb †cÖvMÖvg L WvUv‡eR md&UIq¨vi
● ÷vU©Avc wW¯‹ L K¤•¨v± wW¯‹
M nvB‡WbwmwU wW¯‹ N g¨vM‡bwUK wW¯‹ M nvW©Iq¨vi ● wm‡÷g md&UIq¨vi
280. †jvKvj Gwiqv †bUIqvK© (LAN) c×wZi Rb¨ e¨eüZ Acv‡iwUs 300. Word Processing Program-G dvBj msi¶Y Kivi Rb¨ †Kvb
wm‡÷g †KvbwU? †gby cÖ‡qvRb? [e. Õ07]
● UvBg †kqvwis L wi‡mvm© †kqvwis M K¬v‡q›U mvf©vi N wi‡qj UvBg K Edit Menu ● File Menu
281. mvf©v‡ii m‡½ †bUIqv‡K© hy³ Kw¤•DUvi¸‡jv‡K ejv nq− − [h. Õ06] M Tools Menu N Format Menu
● Uvwg©bvj L †nv÷ M wi‡mvm© †kqvwis N wi‡qj UvBg 301. †¯•ªWwmU n‡”Q
 [Xv. Õ04]
282. Wv¤^ Uvwg©bvj _v‡K †Kvb Acv‡iwUs wm‡÷‡g? [Kz. Õ07; P. Õ08; e. Õ10] ● wnmve-wbKv‡ki †cÖvMÖvg L Z_¨ e¨e¯’vcbvi †cÖvMÖvg
K wi‡mvm© †kqvwis ● UvBg †kqvwis †cÖvMÖvwgs j¨vs¸‡qR
M N BASIC-Gi msw¶ß ms¯‹iY
M K¬v‡q›U mvf©vi N wi‡qj UvBg 302. †Kvb& GKwU msL¨vi cwieZ©‡b m¤•K©hy³ wnmve Avcbv AvcwbB
283. mg‡qi †Kvb GK‡K UvBg †kqvwis-Gi KvR nq? [Kz. Õ09] cwiewZ©Z nq  [Xv. Õ04]
K b¨v‡bv †m‡KÛ ● wgwj †m‡KÛ K IqvW© cÖ‡mwms †cÖvMÖv‡g ● †¯•ÖWwmU †cÖvMÖv‡g
M wc‡Kv †m‡KÛ N gvB‡µv †m‡KÛ M WvUv‡eR †cÖvMÖv‡g N †mevg{jK †cÖvMÖv‡g
284. UvBg †kqvwis Ges wi‡mvm© †kqvwis c×wZ `ywUi mxgve×Zv `Ri 303. c„w_exi 1g †¯cÖWwmU †cÖvMÖvg †KvbwU? [P. Õ09; wm. Õ06; e. Õ08]
Kivi Rb¨ Kx ˆZwi Kiv n‡q‡Q? [Xv. Õ05; wm. Õ07]
K gvB‡µvmdU G‡·j ● wfwmK¨vé
● K¬v‡q›U mvf©vi †bUIqvK© L †jvKvj Gwiqv †bUIqvK©
M †jvUvm 1-2-3 N gvB‡µvmdU IqvW©
M wi‡qj UvBg †bUIqvK© N B›Uvi‡dm
304. †jvUvm 1-2-3 †Kvb Acv‡iwUs wm‡÷‡g e¨eüZ nq? [Xv. Õ05]
285. †Kvb& †bUIqv‡K© IqvK© †÷kb mvf©v‡ii K¬v‡q›U? [iv. Õ09]
K Windows XP ● DOS M Unix N Windows-98
● K¬v‡q›U mvf©vi L mvf©vi AvwK©‡UKPvi
M GUI N ALU
305. †gwKb‡Uvk Kw¤•DUvi cÖ¯[yZKvix cÖwZôv‡bi bvg Kx? [P. Õ08]
K Gg Gm K‡c©v‡ikb ● G¨vcj †Kv¤•vwb
286. mvf©v‡ii K¬v‡q›U Kv‡K ejv nq? [Xv. Õ07; iv. Õ10; P. Õ09; e. Õ05]
● IqvK© †÷kb‡K L Uvwg©bvj‡K M †W¯‹Uc‡K N †gBb‡d«g‡K M †Ri· †Kv¤•vwb N Bb‡Uj †Kv¤•vwb
287. K¬v‡q›U mvf©vi
 [h. Õ08, Õ05; wm. Õ09] 306. gvB‡µvmdU Ki‡cv‡ikb G‡·j †cÖvMÖvgwU cÖ_g ˆZwi K‡i †Kvb
K WvUv‡eR †cÖvMÖvg L †¯•ªWwmU †cÖvMÖvg Kw¤•DUv‡ii Rb¨? [P. Õ07]
M †µZv‡`i †mev`vb c×wZ ● GK ai‡bi Acv‡iwUs wm‡÷g K cv‡m©vbvj ● †gwKb‡Uvk
288. wi‡qj UvBg-Gi A_© Kx? M nvBweªW N mycvi Kw¤•DUvi
307. †gwKb‡Uvk Ges DB‡ÛvR Acv‡iwUs wm‡÷‡g GKwU AZ¨š[ RbwcÖq
● Zvr¶wYK L AZtci M gyn‚‡Z©i g‡a¨ N nVvr Ges eûj e¨eüZ †¯•ªWwmU †cÖvMÖvg nj  [P. Õ04]
289. †KvbwU wm‡÷g mdUIq¨v‡ii Aš[fz©³ bq? [Kz. Õ06] ● G‡·j L Gg, Gm Wm M g¨vKIGm N †jvUvm 1-2-3
K UvBg †kqvwis L wi‡mvm© †kqvwis ● c¨v‡KR †cÖvMÖvg N K¬v‡qU mvf©vi 308. †¯•ÖWwmU †cÖvMÖvg †KvbwU? [h. Õ08]
✔ G¨vwc−‡Kkb mdUIq¨v‡ii cÖKvi‡f` K wW‡eR L GgGm IqvW© M IivKj ● G‡·j
290. e¨envwiK Kg©mRwP cÖavbZ KZ cÖKvi? [iv. Õ07; wm. Õ09] 309. WvUv‡eR n‡”Q  [h. Õ05]
A_ev, Gwc−‡Kkb †cÖvMÖvg KZ cÖKvi? [h. Õ10; wm. Õ10] K wnmve-wbKv‡ki †cÖvMÖvg L †cÖvMÖvwgs j¨vs¸‡qR
K cuvP cÖKvi L Pvi cÖKvi ● `yB cÖKvi N wZb cÖKvi ● Z_¨ e¨e¯’vcbvi †cÖvMÖvg N Qwe m¤•v`bvi †cÖvMÖvg
291. Kw¤•DUv‡i e¨envwiK Kg©mRwPi cÖPjb nq  [Xv. Õ03] 310. Z_¨ e¨e¯’vcbvi Rb¨ e¨envi Kiv nq 
● lv‡Ui `k‡K L cÂv‡ki `k‡K K †¯•ªWwkU †cÖvMÖvg L †jvUvm 1-2-3
M mˇii `k‡K N Avwki `k‡K ● WvUv‡eR †cÖvMÖvg N †dviUªvb †cÖvMÖvwgs j¨vs¸‡qR
292. ˆeÁvwbK mgm¨v mgvavb I we‡k−l‡Yi Rb¨ wb‡Pi †Kvb& †cÖvMÖvwgs 311. Av`gïgvwi, †fvUvi ZvwjKv, f‚wg Rwic BZ¨vw` Kv‡h© wecyj cwigvY
j¨vs¸‡qRwU e¨envi Kiv nZ? [Xv. Õ08; e. Õ04] Z_¨ e¨e¯’vcbvi Rb¨ †Kvb †cÖvMÖvg e¨envi Kiv nq? [wm. Õ05]
K †ewmK L wm M G‡·j ● †dviUªvb K †¯•ªWwmU †cÖvMÖvg ● WvUv‡eR †cÖvMÖvg
293. ALGOL wK? [Xv. Õ07; wm. Õ08] M IqvW© cÖ‡mwms †cÖvMÖvg N cvIqvi c‡q›U †cÖvMÖvg
K GjMwi`g L GKwU Kw¤•DUv‡ii bvg 312. d·-†cÖv GKwU  [h. Õ08; e. Õ06]
M hvwš7K fvlv ● †cÖvMÖvwgs j¨vs¸‡qR K †¯cÖWwmU †cÖvMÖvg L MÖvwd· †cÖvMÖvg
294. cÖ‡kœvËigRjK Kv‡Ri Rb¨ †Kvb †cÖvMÖvwgs j¨vs¸‡qR e¨envi Kiv M †Mwgs mdUIq¨vi ● WvUv‡eR †cÖvMÖvg
nZ? [wm. Õ04] 313. dvBj †gKvi †cÖv †Kvb& ai‡bi †cÖvMÖvg  [e. Õ02]
K †dviUªvb (FORTRAN) L Gj‡Mvj (ALGOL) K †¯cÖWwmU ● WvUv‡eR M †ewmK N †Kvej
M d·‡cÖv (FOXPRO) ● †ewmK (BASIC) 314. †dv_© WvB‡gbkb (4D) n‡”Q? [e. Õ02]
295. †Kvb KvR‡K msw¶ßfv‡e GKwU Kgv‡Ûi gva¨‡g evievi Kivi K †¯cÖWwmU †cÖvMÖvg L IqvW© cÖ‡mwms †cÖvMÖvg
Rb¨ e¨eüZ nq  [h. Õ03]
● WvUv‡eR †cÖvMÖvg N †KvbwUB bq
● g¨v‡µv KgvÛ L dvBÛ KgvÛ M Kwc KgvÛ N wi‡c−m KgvÛ
315. MÖvwdK¨vj BDRvi B›Uvi‡dm wfwËK WvUv‡eR †cÖvMÖvg †KvbwU? [Xv. Õ09]
 c¨v‡KR mdUIq¨vi K G‡·j ● dvBj‡gKvi †cÖv M wW‡eR w_ª N †jvUvm
296. A‡c¶vK…Z cyi‡bv mdUIq¨vi †KvbwU? [e. Õ05]
 Kv÷gvBRW mdUIq¨vi
K Gg.Gm. IqvW© ● IqvW© ÷vi
316. e¨enviKvixi Pvwn`v Abyhvqx KvR Kivi Rb¨ Zvi g‡Zv K‡i †Kb
M IqvW© cvi‡d± N G‡·j
mdUIq¨vi ˆZwi nq?
297. MS-word Kx ai‡bi mdUIq¨vi? [h. Õ03]
K c¨v‡KR mdUIq¨vi ● Kv÷gvBRW mdUIq¨vi
K Acv‡iwUs wm‡÷g ● c¨v‡KR †cÖvMÖvg
M wm‡÷g mdUIq¨vi N Gwc−‡Kkb mdUIq¨vi
M BDwUwjwU mdUIq¨vi N Abyev`K †cÖvMÖvg
298. cv‡m©vbvj Kw¤•DUv‡ii cÖ_g RbwcÖq IqvW©-cÖ‡mwms †cÖvMÖv‡gi bvg ✔ Acv‡iwUs wm‡÷‡gi weeZ©b I wewfbœ Acv‡iwUs wm‡÷‡gi D`vniY
Kx? [iv. Õ10; Kz. Õ08; P. Õ10, Õ07, Õ06] 317. KvW© wiWv‡ii me‡P‡q eo Amyweav wK?
A_ev, wcwmi cÖ_g RbwcÖq IqvW©cÖ‡mwms †cÖvMÖvg [iv. Õ04] ● MwZ Kg L `vg †ewk M RvqMv Kg N MwZ †ewk
K Word Art L Word Perfect ● Word Star N MS-Word 318. GK nvRvi KvW© cvV Ki‡Z KvW© wiWv‡ii mgq jv‡M

299. wb‡Pi †KvbwU Word Processor Software bq? [P. Õ03] 1 1
● 1 wgwbU L 2wgwbU M N
K MS Word L Word Perfect ● Word Count N Word Star 2 4
 G¨vUjvm 338. WINDOWS-NT GKwU  [Kz. Õ04]
319. G¨vUjvm Acv‡iwUs wm‡÷‡gi wWRvBb Kiv nq  [Xv. '09, Õ04; w`. Õ09] K 8wU we‡Ui Acv‡iwUs wm‡÷g L 16 we‡Ui Acv‡iwUs wm‡÷g
K XvKv wek¦we`¨vjq L wjfvicyj wek¦we`¨vj‡q M 24 we‡Ui Acv‡iwUs wm‡÷g ● 32 we‡Ui Acv‡iwUs wm‡÷g
● g¨vb‡P÷vi wek¦we`¨vj‡q N M−vm‡Mv wek¦we`¨vj‡q 339. DB‡ÛvR GbwU 5.0 Kx bv‡g cwiwPZ? [Xv. Õ06; wm. Õ08]
320. G¨vUjvm Acv‡iwUs wm‡÷‡g cÖavb Ask n‡”Q  [wm. Õ02] K DB‡ÛvR 95 L DB‡ÛvR 98
K nvW©wW¯‹ L gvB‡µvcÖ‡mmi ● DB‡ÛvR 2000 N DB‡ÛvR 2005
M g¨vM‡bwUK †Uc ● wWfvBm WªvBfvi  BDwb· I wjbv·
321. G¨vUjvm Acv‡iwUs wm‡÷‡g cÖavb ¯§„wZ wnmv‡e e¨eüZ nZ  [e. Õ02] 340. †gBb‡d«g Kw¤•DUvi †_‡K ïi“ K‡i gvB‡µvKw¤•DUvi ev cv‡m©vbvj
● Wªvg L g¨vM‡bwUK †Uc Kw¤•DUv‡i e¨envi Kiv hvq †h Acv‡iwUs wm‡÷g Zvi bvg [P. Õ04]
M †ccvi †Uc wiWvi N †ccvi †Uc cv ● UNIX L Windows NT/2000
✔ eZ©gv‡bi gvB‡µvKw¤•DUv‡ii K‡qKwU Acv‡iwUs wm‡÷g M CP/M N BeOS
341. gvwëUvw¯‹s Ges gvwëBDRvi Gwc−‡Kkb Gi Rb¨ Dc‡hvMx
 g¨vK IGm Acv‡iwUs wm‡÷g †KvbwU? [h. Õ03; Kz. Õ05; w`. Õ10]
322. g¨vK IGm Kx? [iv. Õ05; e. Õ10] K Windows 95 L MS-DOS ● UNIX N Power Open
K Kw¤•DUv‡ii bvg L Kx †ev‡W©i bvg 342. Wm Ges BDwb· n‡jv  [Xv. Õ04; e. Õ07]
M gwbU‡ii bvg ● GK ai‡bi Acv‡iwUs wm‡÷g K wPÎwfwËK Acv‡iwUs wm‡÷g ● eY©wfwËK Acv‡iwUs wm‡÷g
323. 1g †Kvb Acv‡iwUs wm‡÷‡g bb‡U·U-G B‡gR cÖ`k©b ïi“ nq? M Z_¨wfwËK Acv‡iwUs wm‡÷g N msL¨vwfwËK Acv‡iwUs wm‡÷g
K wmwc/Gg L windows ● g¨vK Igm N wjRv 343. wjbv· Acv‡iwUs wm‡÷g †Kvb †`‡ki hy e K Dbœ q b
324. gvB‡µvmdU IqvW© nj  K‡ib? [Xv. Õ03]
K Acv‡iwUs wm‡÷g L WvUv‡eR †cÖvMÖvg ● wdbj¨vÛ L Av‡gwiKv M e„‡Ub N KvbvWv
M †¯•ªWwmU †cÖvMÖvg ● IqvW© cÖ‡mwms †cÖvMÖvg
325. wPÎwfwËK Acv‡iwUs wm‡÷g †KvbwU? [h. Õ08; wm. Õ10]  weB IGm
K †jvUvm-1-2-3 ● g¨vK IGm M BDwb· N Wm
344. Bb‡Uj I cvIqvi wcwm cÖ‡m‡ii Rb¨ cÖ¯‘Z Kiv GKwU AvaywbK
326. MAC OS †Kvb Kw¤•DUv‡i P‡j  [h. Õ03] Acv‡iwUs wm‡÷g n‡”Q 
K IBM PC K¤•vwUej L G¨vcj-2 ● weB-IGm (Be−OS) L wmwc/Gg (CP/M)
M g¨vK IGm Mac− −OS N IGm/2 (OS/2)
M wgwb‡d«g ● †gwKb‡Uvk
345. †Kvb mv‡j weBIGm (Be-OS) cÖwZwôZ nq? [P. Õ04]
 DB‡ÛvR wfwËK Acv‡iwUs wm‡÷g K 1971 L 1982 ● 1992 N 1995
327. Windows 98 †Kvb ai‡bi md&UIq¨vi? [Kz. Õ05]
K G¨vwc−‡Kkb mdUIq¨vi L c¨v‡KR mdUIq¨vi  wmwc/Gg
M WvUv‡eR mdUIq¨vi ● wm‡÷g mdUIq¨vi 346. MS-DOS †Kvb Acv‡iwUs wm‡÷‡gi †K¬vb wn‡m‡e ˆZwi n‡qwQj? [P. Õ04]
K Be−OS L UNIX M Mac−OS ● CP/M
328. DB‡ÛvR 98 †Kvb ai‡bi mdUIq¨vi? [h. Õ03]
347. †K¬vb n‡”Q  [P. Õ03]
● Acv‡iwUs wm‡÷g L c¨v‡KR †cÖvMÖvg
K DbœZ Kw¤•DUv‡ii bKj L me‡P‡q DbœZ Kw¤•DUvi
M WvUv‡eR †cÖvMÖvg N Abyev`K †cÖvMÖvg
● AvBweGg wcwmÕi bKj N me‡P‡q wbægv‡bi Kw¤•DUvi
 DB‡ÛvR 348. CP/M Kx?
329. DB‡ÛvR Acv‡iwUs wm‡÷‡gi me©‡kl ms¯‹iY wQj  K †cÖvMÖvwgs j¨vs¸‡qR ● Acv‡iwUs wm‡÷g
K 2.1 L 2.8 ● 3.1 N 4.1 M c¨v‡KR †cÖvMÖvg N G¨vwc−‡Kkb †cÖvMÖvg
330. DB‡ÛvR nj  [h. Õ07]
 GgGm-Wm
K †cÖvMÖv‡gi fvlv L c¨v‡KR †cÖvMÖvg
349. MS-DOS Kx? [Kz. Õ06; e. Õ06]
M Kw¤•DUv‡ii fvlv ● Acv‡iwUs wm‡÷g K †gwKb‡Uv‡ki Acv‡iwUs wm‡÷g
331. DB‡ÛvR KZ mv‡j cÖ_g cÖKvwkZ nq? [iv. Õ08; e. Õ04] ● AvBweGg wcwmi Acv‡iwUs wm‡÷g
K 1975 mv‡j L 1980 mv‡j ● 1985 mv‡j N 1990 mv‡j M G¨vcj Kw¤•DUv‡ii Acv‡iwUs wm‡÷g
 DB‡ÛvR 95/98 GgB N †cÖvMÖvwgs j¨vs¸‡qR
332. ¯^qsm¤•RY© Acv‡iwUs wm‡÷g †KvbwU? [iv. Õ06; Kz. Õ10, Õ04; wm. Õ07, Õ03] 350. DOS ˆZwi K‡ib †K?
K MS-DOS L MS-EXCEL ● WINDOWS-95 N LOTUS K w÷f Rem L w÷f IRwbqvK ● wej †MUm N †jbmb
333. DB‡ÛvR/95 KLb evRv‡i Av‡m? [h. Õ07] 351. GgGm-Wm KZ mvj †_‡K e¨eüZ n‡”Q? [Xv. Õ07; wm. Õ04; e. Õ08]
K 14B AvM÷, 1995 ● 24†k AvM÷, 1995 A_ev, gvB‡µvmdU K‡c©v‡ikb AvBweGg wcwmi Rb¨ KZ mv‡j DOS
M 14B AvM÷, 1996 N 24B AvM÷, 1996 evRviRvZ K‡i? [w`. Õ10]
334. DB‡ÛvR-95-Gi me©‡kl ms¯‹iY †KvbwU? K 1983 mvj †_‡K L 1985 mvj †_‡K
K DB‡ÛvR 97 L DB‡ÛvR 98 M 1971 mvj †_‡K ● 1981 mvj †_‡K
● DB‡ÛvR GgB N GgGm Gwf  IGm/2
335. DB‡ÛvR-95 GKwU  [P. Õ10; wm. Õ06] 352. I Gm/2 KZ we‡Ui Acv‡iwUs wm‡÷g? [Xv. Õ07; h. Õ10]
K GKwU 8 weU Acv‡iwUs wm‡÷g K 8 weU L 16 weU ● 32 weU N 64 weU
L GKwU 16 weU Acv‡iwUs wm‡÷g 353. I Gm/2 KZ evBU ch©š[ KvR Ki‡Z cv‡i?
M GKwU 24 weU Acv‡iwUs wm‡÷g K 640 wK. ev. i¨vg L 720 wK. ev. i¨vg
● GKwU 32 weU Acv‡iwUs wm‡÷g M 32 †gMvevBU i¨vg ● 16 †gMvevBU i¨vg
336. DB‡ÛvR 95 Acv‡iwUs wm‡÷gwU KZ we‡Ui?
 G AvB G· BDwb· Acv‡iwUs wm‡÷g
A_ev, DB‡ÛvR-95 GKwU−−we‡Ui ¯^qsm¤•RY© Acv‡iwUs wm‡÷g| [h. Õ06]
354. †KvbwUi Ici wfwË K‡i GAvBG· ˆZwi Kiv nq?
K8 L 16 M 24 ● 32
K jvBbv· L DB‡ÛvR ● BDwb· N Wm
 DB‡ÛvR GbwU/2000 355. GAvBG· wK?
337. DB‡ÛvR GbwU/2000-Gi we‡Ui msL¨v nj  [h. '09, Õ07] K †cÖvMÖvg j¨v½y‡qR L c¨v‡KR md&UIq¨vi
● 32 L 30 M 28 N 34 ● Acv‡iwUs wm‡÷g N Gwc−‡Kkb md&UIq¨vi
 cvIqvi I‡cb 375. †jLv‡jwLi g‡a¨ G‡j gvDm c‡q›UviwU  G iƒcvš[wiZ nq
356. Power Open GKwU  [Kz. Õ10, Õ07, Õ05; w`. Õ09] [h. Õ06, Õ04; Kz. Õ06, Õ04; P. Õ03]
K Kw¤•DUvi L ÷vwejvBRvi Nwo
K ● AvBweg M Zxi N evjyNwo
M cvIqvi mvc−vB BDwbU ● Acv‡iwUs wm‡÷g 376. K¨vcm jK (Caps Lock) Kx Rb¨ e¨envi nq? [e. Õ07]
357. cvIqvi I‡cb n‡”Q  [P. Õ03] ● eo nv‡Zi †jLvi Rb¨ L Kw¤•DUvi jK Kivi Rb¨
K Kw¤•DUv‡ii we`y¨r mieivn c×wZ M KvR eÜ ivLvi Rb¨ N †jLv my›`i Kivi Rb¨
L ÷¨vwejvBRvi Qvov Kw¤•DUvi 377. †Kvb †gby‡Z wcÖ›U KgvÛ _v‡K? [iv. Õ04]
● GKwU Acv‡iwUs wm‡÷‡gi bvg K Format L Insert M Edit ● File
N me‡P‡q kw³kvjx Kw¤•DUvi
378. wK‡m AmsL¨ KgvÛ I Ackb _v‡K? [iv. Õ06]
K DB‡Ûv‡Z L UvB‡Uj ev‡i ● WvqvjM e‡· N †gby ev‡i
✔ wPÎwfwËK Ges eY©wfwËK Acv‡iwUs wm‡÷g 379. cÖvq me WvqvjM e‡· †Kvb evUb¸‡jv _v‡K? [iv. Õ06]
358. gvB‡µv Kw¤•DUv‡i eûj e¨eüZ eY©wfwËK Acv‡iwUs wm‡÷g †KvbwU? K OK, Apply ● OK, Close M Close, Apply N Drag, Ok
● Wm (DOS) L weBIm (Be-OS) 380. OK Ges Cancel A_ev Close †evZvg †Kv_vq _v‡K? [iv. Õ10; P. Õ06]
M wmwc/Gg (CP/M) N IGm2(OS−2) K †gby ev‡i L †¯Œvj ev‡i M UvB‡Uj ev‡i ● WvqvjM e‡·
359. wb‡Pi †KvbwU wPÎwfwËK Acv‡iwUs wm‡÷g? 381. me WvqvjM e‡· †Kvb †evZvg _v‡K bv? [Kz. Õ06; e. Õ06]
K Wm (Dos) L BDwb· (UNIX) K OK L Cancel M Close ● Apply
M wjbv· ● DB‡ÛvR (WINDOS) 382. †Lvjv DB‡Ûvi bvg †`Lv hvq †KvbwU‡Z? [Kz. Õ09, Õ07]
✔ wPÎwfwËK Acv‡iwUs wm‡÷‡gi e¨envi ● UvB‡Ujevi L †gbyevi M †¯Œvjevi N Uv¯‹evi
360. A‡bK¸‡jv GK ai‡bi Kv‡Ri dvBj ivLvi Avavi‡K Kx ejv nq? 383. †W·U‡ci G‡Kev‡i Dc‡ii As‡k †h evi _v‡K Zv‡K e‡j

[iv. Õ04; P. Õ09; wm. Õ03]
wdì
K L †iKW© M dvBj ● WvB‡i±wi K †gby evi L †¯Œvj evi M Uv¯‹ evi ● UvB‡Uj evi
361. d‡Uvkc n‡”Q [Xv. Õ09; h. Õ09, Õ07] 384. †W·U‡c UvB‡Ujevi †Kv_vq _v‡K? [iv. Õ05; e. Õ07]
K wWwRUvj K¨v‡givi GKwU Ask L GK ai‡bi ¯‹¨vbvi K Wvb cv‡k L evg cv‡k ● Dc‡i N wb‡P
● Qwe m¤•v`bvi †cÖvMÖvg N Dc‡ii †KvbwUB bq 385. File, Edit, Help, View BZ¨vw` k㸇jv †Kv_vq †jLv _v‡K?[P. Õ06]
362. Qwe m¤•v`bvi GKwU AvaywbK e¨envwiK Kg©mRwP †KvbwU? [e. Õ04] K WvqvjM e‡· ● †gby ev‡i M UvB‡Uj ev‡i N ÷¨vUvm ev‡i
K d‡UvKwc ● d‡Uvkc M d‡UvjvBb N d‡Uvg‡Wj 386. WKz‡g‡›Ui File, Edit, View BZ¨vw` kãwewkó jvBbwU‡K ejv
363. CAD Gi cRY©iƒc Kx? [wm. Õ09] nq [P. Õ07; w`. Õ09]
● Computer Aided Design L Computer Assigned Design K UvB‡Ujevi L †¯Œvjevi ● †gbyevi N Uzjevi
M Computer Aided Department N Computer Accelerated Division 387. †KvbwU wfbœ ai‡bi? [e. Õ05]
364. bx‡Pi †KvbwU wWRvBb mdUIq¨vi? [Xv. Õ10] K DB‡Ûv L †gby evi M dvBj ● d¬wc wW¯‹
K MS Word L Excel M Operating System ● CAD 388. nivBR›Uvj I fvwU©K¨vj †¯Œvjevi †Kvb&wUi cÖavb ˆewkó¨−
− [Kz. Õ01, h. Õ02]
365. K¨vW ˆZwi n‡qwQj  Kw¤•DUv‡ii Rb¨| K WvqvjM e· ● DB‡Ûv M †gby N AvBKb
[iv. Õ03; h. Õ04; wm. Õ06, Õ05, Õ03] 389. †gby ev‡ii wb‡P Avbyf‚wgK Aci †h eviwU i‡q‡Q Gi bvg [iv. Õ04]
gvB‡µv
K L wgwb‡d«g M mycvi ● †gBb‡d«g ● Uzj evi L UvB‡Uj evi M Uv¯‹ evi N †¯Œvj evi
366. lv‡Ui `k‡K K¨vW Kg©mRwPwU ev †cÖvMÖvg ˆZwi n‡qwQj †Kvb ai‡bi ✔ mdUIq¨vi KwcivBU AvBb Ges cÖ‡qvRbxqZv
Kw¤•DUv‡ii Rb¨? [Kz. Õ10, Õ07; wm. Õ08; e. Õ03] 390. Avgv‡`i †`‡k KZ mv‡j KwcivBU AvBb cÖYqb Kiv nq?
K gvB‡µv Kw¤•DUvi L wgwb Kw¤•DUvi [Xv. Õ09, Õ07; iv. Õ07; h. Õ09; Kz. Õ10; P. Õ07, Õ05; e. Õ10, Õ03]
● †gBb‡d«g Kw¤•DUvi N †K¬vb Kw¤•DUvi ● 1962 mv‡j L 1965 mv‡j M 1970 mv‡j N 1972 mv‡j
367. †iLv jvB‡bi mvnv‡h¨ b·v ev wWRvB‡bi KvR Kivi Rb¨ †KvbwU 391. evsjv‡`‡k KwcivBU AvBb ms‡kvwaZ nq KZ mv‡j?
e¨envi nq? [iv. Õ05] K 2000 L 2001 ● 2005 N 2007
● CAD L MS-DOS M ATLAS N UNIX
368. wb‡Pi †KvbwU Design mdUIq¨vi? [P. Õ03] msL¨v c×wZ I Kw¤•DUvi jwRK
K MS-Word L Excel M Access ● CAD
369. cv‡m©vbvj Kw¤•DUv‡i e¨env‡ii Rb¨ †KvbwU RbwcÖq K¨vW? ✔ msL¨v c×wZ www.swapno.in
[Xv. Õ08, Õ03; iv. Õ09; P. Õ04] 392. msL¨v cÖKvk Kivi c×wZ‡K e‡j [iv. Õ04]
● msL¨v c×wZ L evBbvwi M `kwgK N AKUvj
A_ev, me‡P‡q RbwcÖq K¨vW †KvbwU? [Kz. Õ08; wm. Õ06]
● A‡Uv K¨vW L Uv‡e©v K¨vW M dv÷ K¨vW N †gNv K¨vW
393. msL¨v wbe©vP‡bi c×wZ‡K ejv nq 
K AsK c×wZ ● msL¨v c×wZ M evBbvwi c×wZ N MvwYwZK c×wZ
370. b·v ev wWRvB‡bi Rb¨ †Kvb †cÖvMÖvg e¨envi Kiv n‡q _v‡K?[w`. Õ10]
K WvUv‡eR L †¯•ÖWwmU ● A‡UvK¨vW N IqvW© cÖ‡mwms
394. cÖvPxbKv‡ji gvbyl msL¨vi KvR KiZ 
K Kv‡Vi ˆZwi h‡š7i mvnv‡h¨ L MYbvh‡š7i mvnv‡h¨
371. ZR©bx Av½y‡ji mvnv‡h¨ gvD‡mi †evZvg Pvc w`‡q †Q‡o †`Iqv‡K
● nv‡Zi AvOz‡ji mvnv‡h¨ N Kw¤•DUv‡ii mvnv‡h¨
e‡j [iv. Õ04]
395. cÖvPxb e¨vwej‡bi gvbyl MYbvi Rb¨ e¨envi KiZ  [Xv. Õ03]
● wK¬K Kiv L WªvM M wm‡j± Kiv N K I L
K 4 ai‡bi c×wZ L 3 ai‡bi c×wZ
372. gvD‡mi weKí hš0 †Kvb&wU? ● 2 ai‡bi c×wZ N 5 ai‡bi c×wZ
K OMR ● UvP ¯Œxb M jvBU‡cb N MÖvwd· U¨ve‡jU
396. †QvU msL¨vi Rb¨ e¨vwejbxqiv e¨envi KiZ
373. gvDm c‡q›UviwU †Kv_vq AvBweg-G iƒcvš[wiZ nq? [wm. Õ06] ● 10- wfwËK msL¨v L 20- wfwËK msL¨v
A_ev, †Kvb RvqMvq gvDm c‡q›Uv‡ii iƒc cwiewZ©Z nq? [wm. Õ05] M 30- wfwËK msL¨v N 40- wfwËK msL¨v
K †¯Œvj ev‡i L †gby ev‡i 397. cÖvPxb e¨vwej‡bi gvbyl eo msL¨v cÖKv‡ki Rb¨ KZ wfwËK msL¨v
M wm‡jKkb ev‡i ● †jLv‡jwLi wfZ‡i e¨envi Ki‡Zv? [Xv. Õ06; Kz. Õ07]
374. †Kvb Acv‡iwUs wm‡÷‡g gvD‡m wK¬K I Wvej wK¬K AwZ cÖ‡qvRbxq K 2 wfwËK L 8 wfwËK M 30 wfwËK ● 60 wfwËK
welq? [Xv. Õ05; wm. Õ07] 398. cÖvPxb e¨vwej‡bi gvbyl †QvU msL¨v cÖKv‡ki Rb¨ KZ wfwËK msL¨v
● wPÎwfwËK Acv‡iwUs wm‡÷‡g L eY©wfwËK Acv‡iwUs wm‡÷‡g e¨envi Ki‡Zv? [wm. Õ08]
M Z_¨wfwËK Acv‡iwUs wm‡÷‡g N msL¨vwfwËK Acv‡iwUs wm‡÷‡g ● 10 wfwËK L 8 wfwËK M 7 wfwËK N 2 wfwËK
399. Avieiv MYbv c×wZ AvqË K‡iwQ‡jb  420. weU wK ai‡bi GKK? [Kz. Õ05; P. Õ06]
A_ev, Avieiv 500 wLª: msL¨v c×wZ AvqZ¡ K‡iwQj
 [Xv. Õ10] ● †gŠwjK L †hŠwMK M mn-†gŠwjK N mn-†hŠwMK
K Pxbv‡`i KvQ †_‡K L MÖxK‡`i KvQ †_‡K 421. evBbvwi (11101)2 = `kwgK msL¨v KZ? [P. Õ07]
● fviZxq‡`i KvQ †_‡K N wgkixq‡`i KvQ †_‡K K 27 L 28 M 25 ● 29
400. fviZxq‡`i KvQ †_‡K Avieiv msL¨v c×wZ AvqË K‡i  422. †KvbwU †gŠwjK GKK? [Xv. Õ10; h. Õ08]
K 420 wLªóv‡ã L 510 wLªóv‡ã ● 500 wLªóv‡ã N 600 wLªóv‡ã K evBbvwi L AKUvj ● weU N evBU
401. †Kvb weÁvbx 10 wfwËK msL¨v c×wZi Dci eB iPbv K‡ib? 423. 1100 msL¨vwU‡Z KqwU weU Av‡Q? [Xv. Õ05]
[Kz. Õ04; e. Õ06] K 2wU ● 4wU M 8wU N 32wU
A_ev, †Kvb weÁvbx 10 wfwËK msL¨v c×wZi Dci Aviwe fvlvq eB 424. (100)2 -Gi `kwgK gvb KZ? [h. Õ10]
K3 ●4 M5 N6
cÖKvk K‡ib? [Kz. Õ06]
425. evBbvwi (1000)2 = `kwgK msL¨v KZ? [Kz. Õ08]
K Avj wei“bx L Avj Rvwei
K 10 L 100 ●8 N 16
● Avj †LvqvwiRwg N Avj n¨v‡Rb
426. `kwgK c×wZi Ô2Õ wjL‡Z n‡j evBbvwi‡Z wjL‡Z n‡e  [h. Õ08]
402. evBbvwi msL¨v c×wZi cÖZxK `ywU wK wK? [h. Õ09, Õ03]
K 00 L 01 M 11 ● 10
K 1 Ges 1 ● 0 Ges 1 M 0 Ges 0 N 2 Ges 1
427. evBbvwi msL¨v 10.01 †_‡K 1.1 we‡qvM Ki‡j KZ n‡e?
403. Kw¤•DUv‡i Z_¨ cÖwµqvKiY Kv‡R †Kvb c×wZ e¨envi nq bv? K 01.01 ● 0.11 M 1.01 N 1.1
[Kz. Õ09, Õ06, Õ03] 428. (1101)2 †K `kwgK msL¨vq iƒcvš[i Ki‡j KZ nq? [Xv. Õ05; wm. Õ07]
A_ev, †Kvb msL¨v c×wZ Kw¤•DUv‡i e¨eüZ nq bv? [Xv. Õ08] K (29)10 L (16)10 M (11)10 ● (13)10
K evBbvwi L A±vj ● `kwgK N †n·v‡Wwmgvj 429. evBbvwi 111 Gi `kwgK gvb †KvbwU? [Xv. Õ07; P. Õ09]
404. †Kvb msL¨v c×wZ‡K B‡›`v-Aviexq msL¨v c×wZ ejv nq? A_ev, evBbvwi msL¨v 111-Gi `kwfwËK gvb KZ? [e. Õ05]
K evBbvix ● `kwgK M A±vj N †n·v †Wwmgvj K4 L5 M6 ●7
✔ `kwgK, evBbvwi, AKUvj I †n·v‡Wwmgvj c×wZ‡Z MYbv 430. evBbvwi 101-Gi `kwgK gvb †KvbwU? [P. Õ08; wm. Õ10]
K 11 L 100 M3 ●5
 `kwgK c×wZ 431. `kwgK msL¨v 22 Gi evBbvwi msL¨v KZ? [P. Õ05]
405. msL¨v cÖKvk Kivi ¶z`ªZg cÖZxK nj
 [Kz. †ev. Õ03; iv. †ev. Õ06, Õ05, 00] K 10010 L 10011 ● 10110 N 11001
K evBbvix L `kwgK ● A¼ N AKj 432. `kwgK msL¨v 12 Gi evBbvwi gvb KZ? [h. Õ06]
406. `kwgK c×wZ‡Z 7 Gi gvb A±v‡j KZ nq? K 1101 ● 1100 M 1011 N 1010
K1 L 70 ●7 N 111 433. evBbvwi 1000001-Gi gvb `kwg‡K  [Kz. Õ04; P. Õ03]
407. `kwgK msL¨v c×wZ‡Z A¼ _v‡K  [iv. Õ08; h. Õ10, Õ06, Õ05, Õ03; wm. Õ10] K 11 L 20 ● 65 N 95
K 2wU L 4wU M 6wU ● 10wU 434. 11.122 + 1.1 = KZ ?
408. 10 Gi NvZ (Power) kRb¨ n‡j (10°°) Gi gvb †KvbwU? [P. Õ05; e. Õ10] K 101.112 L 100.112 ● 101.012 N 101.12
K0 L 100 M 10 ●1 ✔ `kwgK †_‡K evBbvwi‡Z iƒcvš[i
409. cRY© msL¨v‡K ejv nq [P. Õ07] 435. `kwgK cRY© msL¨v‡K evBbvwi msL¨vq iƒcvš[wiZ Kivi Rb¨ H
K String L Byte M Octal ● Integer msL¨vwU‡K evBbvwi msL¨vi wfwË 2 w`‡q evi evi Ki‡Z nq | [iv. Õ07]
410. `kwg‡Ki wPý (⋅⋅) Qvov msL¨v‡K ejv nq
 [Xv. Õ09] K ¸Y Ki‡Z nq ● fvM Ki‡Z nq
K fMœvsk L Agyj` msL¨v M RwUj msL¨v ● c{Y© msL¨v M †hvM Ki‡Z nq N we‡qvM Ki‡Z nq
411. †KvbwU cRY© msL¨v? [Xv. Õ02] 436. 1010 Gi evBbvix gvb KZ?
K 22.4 L 17.3 M 8.3 ●0 K 10010 L 10011 ● 10100 N 101010
✔ evBbvwi msL¨v c×wZ‡Z MYbv 437. (1.75)10 = ? [Xv. Õ06]
412. evBbvwi msL¨v c×wZ‡Z AsK _v‡K KqwU? K (2.22)2 ● (1.11)2 M (2.101)2 N (1.011)2
A_ev, evBbvwi msL¨v c×wZi wfwË †KvbwU? [iv. Õ03; e. Õ10] 438. (1.25)10 evBbvix‡Z iƒcvš[i Ki‡j KZ n‡e? [w`. Õ10]
A_ev, evBbvwi msL¨v c×wZ KqwU cÖZxK wP‡ýi Dci wfwË K‡i MwVZ? K (0.025)2 ● (1.01)2 M (2.05)2 N (10.1)2
[iv. Õ10; P. Õ06; e. Õ09] 439. (0.25)10 Gi evBbvwi gvb KZ? [wm. Õ06]
●2 4 L M8 N6 K (.11)2 ● (.01)2 M (.10)2 N .11
413. evBbvwi c×wZi cÖZxK wPý nj
 [h. Õ07] 440. `kwgK msL¨v 12 Gi evBbvwi gvb KZ? [h. Õ06]
K0 L1 M 0 Ges 2 ● 0 Ges 1 K 1101 ● 1100 M 1011 N 1010
414. `kwgK c×wZ‡Z 2 †jLvi Rb¨ evBbvwi‡Z wjL‡Z n‡e
  fMœvskhy³ `kwgK msL¨v‡K evBbvwi‡Z iƒcvš[i
[iv. Õ10, Õ06; wm. Õ09, Õ03] 441. `kwgK fMœvsk 0.7510 Gi evBbvwi fMœvsk KZ n‡e? [wm. Õ05]
K 0 L1 ● 10 N 01 K 0.012 L 0.0112 M 0.01112 ● 0.112
415. we`y¨r cÖevn 2 †fvë w`‡q wb‡`©k K‡i
 442. .50 †K evBbvwi‡Z iƒcvš[i Ki‡j KZ nq? [iv. Õ05; e. Õ09]
● 1weU L 0weU M 10 weU N 11weU K .52 L 1.02 ● .12 N .012
416. evBbvwi msL¨v 11-Gi c‡ii msL¨vwU− −[Xv. Õ08; iv. Õ04; Kz. Õ07; e. Õ08] 443. 2 Gi-NvZ 8 (28)-Gi `kwgK gvb n‡”Q  [Kz. Õ04]
K 10 ● 100 M0 N 01 K 16 L 64 ● 256 N 512
417. Kw¤•DUv‡ii Af¨š[ixY KvR nq  [Xv. Õ03] ✔ evBbvwi MwYZ
K AKUvj c×wZ‡Z L `kwgK c×wZ‡Z 444. evBbvwi‡Z 1+1 = 0, nv‡Z _v‡K  [iv. Õ04]
● evBbvwi c×wZ‡Z N c{Y© msL¨v c×wZ‡Z K0 ●1 M wKQy bv N †KvbwU bq
418. Kw¤•DUv‡i e¨eüZ nq †Kvb msL¨v c×wZ? [Xv. Õ10; iv. Õ03] 445. evBbvwi ¸‡Yi †¶‡Î ¸YK msL¨vØq 1 n‡j ¸Ydj n‡e  [wm. Õ03]
A_ev, Kw¤•DUv‡ii Af¨š[ixY KvR m¤•v`‡bi Rb¨ †Kvb c×wZ e¨envi K0 ●1 M2 N 11
Kiv nq? [Xv. Õ07] 446. we‡qv‡Mi †¶‡Î FYvÍK msL¨v‡K Kw¤•DUvi wK K‡i? [iv. Õ07; h. Õ09]
K `kwgK L AKUvj M †n·v‡Wwm‡gj ● evBbvwi K ¸Y K‡i L fvM K‡i ● †hvM K‡i N we‡qvM K‡i
419. 0 Ges 1 G A¼ `ywUi cÖ‡Z¨KwU‡K wK ejv nq? [Xv. Õ04; iv. Õ09] 447. Kw¤•DUvi‡K †hvM Kivi wb‡`©k †`Iqvi Rb¨ evBbvwi c×wZ‡Z wK
A_ev, evBbvwi c×wZ‡Z '0' Ges '1' †K wK ejv nq? [iv. Õ07] UvBc Ki‡Z nq?
● weU L wfwRU M evBbvwi N msL¨v ● 1000101 L 1100101 M 1010100 N 1110000
 evBbvwi cRiK 474. AvmwK (ASCII) †Kv‡W gRj Bs‡iwR fvlvi Rb¨ †gvU †Kv‡Wi msL¨v KqwU?
448. evBbvwi c×wZ‡Z 1-Gi evBbvwi cRiK  [iv. Õ04] A_ev, AvmwK‡Z KZwU ms‡KZ gRj Bs‡iwR fvlvi Rb¨ i‡q‡Q?
K1 L 10 M 01 ●0 [h. Õ06; Kz. Õ07; P. Õ06; e. Õ05]
449. 1011001 Gi evBbvix cRiK msL¨v KZ? [w`. Õ10] A_ev, AvmwK †Kv‡W gRj Bs‡iwR fvlvi Rb¨ †gvU †Kv‡Wi msL¨v n‡”Q
K 1001010 L 0100101 M 0011001 ● 0100110
450. 1011-Gi evBbvwi cRiK †Kvb&wU? [ [h. Õ04] K 256 ● 218 M 128 N 182
K 1111 ● 0100 M 0011 N 100 475. ASCII †Z  ms‡K‡Zi g‡a¨ gRj Bs‡iwR fvlvi Rb¨ i‡q‡Q 
 AKUvj ev AówgK c×wZ ms‡KZ| [P. Õ02]
451. AKUvj msL¨v c×wZ‡Z KqwU AsK e¨envi Kiv nq? [h. Õ06] K 128wU, 128wU L 12wU, 256wU M 128wU, 56wU ● 256wU, 128wU
A_ev, AKUvj msL¨v c×wZi wfwË KZ? [iv. Õ05] 476. 8wU weU wb‡q MwVZ †Kvb&wU? [iv. Õ09]
K 4wU L 6wU ● 8wU N 10wU K wewmwW †KvW L BDwb‡KvW ● AvmwK †KvW N †KvbwUB bq
452. AKUvj c×wZ‡Z 7 Gi c‡ii msL¨v KZ? [wm. Õ10]
 BDwb‡KvW
● 10 L8 M 14 N 16
477. Pxbv fvlvq KqwU eY© i‡q‡Q? [Kz. Õ08; wm. Õ04; e. Õ09, Õ04; w`. Õ10]
453. AKUvj c×wZ‡K evsjvq ejv nq  [e. Õ09]
K 75 nvRvi ● 85 nvRvi M 90 nvRvi N 95 nvRvi
K evBbvwi L `kwgK ● AówgK N †nKmv‡Wwmgvj
478. BDwb‡KvW Kb‡mvwU©qvg c„w_exi mKj fvlvi Rb¨ †gvU KZwU
454. (64)10-Gi AKUvj gvb KZ? [h. Õ08, Õ05]
†Kv‡Wi e¨e¯’v K‡i? [P. Õ07; wm. Õ05; e. Õ03]
K 100000 L 10000 M 1000 ● 100
A_ev, BDwb‡Kv‡W †gvU †Kv‡Wi msL¨v

455. evBbvwi 1010-Gi A±vj gvb †KvbwU? [Kz. Õ10]
[Xv. Õ07, Õ03; iv. Õ10, Õ06; P. Õ09; wm. Õ06; w`. Õ09]
K8 L 1000 M 100 N 10
K 65200 L 65653 M 66553 ● 65536
[we.`ª. mwVK DËi n‡e 12|]
479. BDwb‡Kv‡Wi me©‡kl fvm©b †KvbwU? [Xv. Õ09, Õ06]
 †n·v‡Wwmgvj c×wZ K 2.3 L 2.8 ● 3.0 N 3.2
456. KZwU wPý ev cÖZxK wb‡q †n·v‡Wwmgvj msL¨v MwVZ? [P. Õ10]  weU
K 4wU L 8wU ● 16wU N 12wU
480. evBbvwi As‡Ki msw¶ß bvg n‡”Q  [Kz. Õ03]
457. †n·v‡Wwmgvj msL¨v c×wZi wfwË KZ? [wm. Õ05] K †KvW L BDwb‡KvW ● weU N evBU
A_ev, KqwU A¼ w`‡q †n·v‡Wwmgvj msL¨v MwVZ nq? [Xv. Õ09; iv. Õ08] 481. 100 msL¨vwU‡Z KqwU weU Av‡Q? [Xv. Õ05; wm. Õ07]
K8 L 10 M 14 ● 16 K 2wU ● 4wU M 8wU N 32wU
458. 16 wfwËK msL¨vq Bs‡iwR eY©gvjvi KqwU cÖZxK i‡q‡Q?
[Xv. Õ06; P. Õ09; wm. Õ08]  evBU
PviwU
K ● QqwU M AvUwU N `kwU 482. GK evB‡U KZ weU _v‡K? [iv. 03; h. Õ09, Õ07; Kz. Õ07; e. Õ10, Õ07]
459. 128 msL¨vwU GKwU  msL¨v bq| [P. Õ03] A_ev, mvaviYZ KqwU weU w`‡q MwVZ kã‡K evBU ejv nq?
K abvÍK L AKUvj M †Wwm‡gj ● †n·v‡Wwmgvj [Xv. Õ08; h. Õ05; Kz. Õ10; wm. Õ07, Õ04; e. Õ03; w`. Õ10]
460. `kwgK c×wZi 10 wjL‡Z †n·v‡Wwmgvj c×wZ‡Z wjL‡Z n‡e  2wU
K L 4wU M 6wU ● 8wU
[wm. Õ04] 483. 8wU weU w`‡q MwVZ A¶i ev kã‡K e‡j  [iv. Õ06; h. Õ03]
KB ●A MD NC K GKK †KvW L BDwb‡KvW M cÖZxK ● evBU
461. †n·v †Wwm‡gj c×wZ‡Z 9 Gi c‡ii msL¨v KZ? [h. Õ10; Kz. Õ10] 484. msL¨v cÖKvk Kivi ¶z`ªZg cÖZxK‡K wK e‡j? [Kz. Õ03]
K 10 LC MB ●A K K¨v‡i±vi L AsK M weU ● evBU
462. 102A8 msL¨vwU †Kvb msL¨v c×wZi? [e. Õ06]
K †Wwmgvj ● †n·v‡Wwmgvj M evBbvwi N A±vj  wewmwW (BCD)
463. FD †Kvb ai‡bi msL¨v? [Xv. Õ08; e. Õ10] 485. wewmwW †KvW KqwU weU w`‡q ˆZwi nq? [P. Õ10]
K evBbvwi L A±vj M `kwgK ● †n·v‡Wwm‡gj A_ev, wewmwW †KvW MwVZ nq

464. `kwfwËK msL¨v 14 Gi †n·v‡Wwmgvj gvb nj  [e. Õ05] [Xv. Õ04; iv. Õ08; h. Õ07, Õ03; Kz. Õ09; wm. Õ09; e. Õ08, Õ04]
KA L 14 ●E NF K 8 L 16 ●4 N2
465. †n·v‡Wwmgvj c×wZi F Gi gvb AKUvj c×wZ‡Z n‡e  [P. Õ04] 486. 91-Gi BCD †KvW nj  [P. Õ03]
K 158 ● 178 M 168 N 148 ● 10010001 L 11111111 M 10011 N 10000001
466. evBbvwi 1111 Gi †n·v‡Wwmgvj gvb KZ? [Kz. Õ05; e. Õ07]
K 15 L 11111 MA ●F  BwewmwWAvBwm (EBCDIC)
467. †n·v‡Wwmgvj msL¨v 3D Gi mgZzj¨ evBbvwi gvb KZ? [h. Õ04] 487. 8wU weU wb‡q MwVZ †KvbwU? [iv. Õ01]
K 111011 ● 111101 M 00111101 N 011101 K BCD †KvW ● EBCDIC †KvW M BDwb‡KvW N †KvbUvB bq
468. (778)8 †K †n·v‡Wwmgv‡j cwiYZ Ki‡j †KvbwU n‡e? 488. KZ weU w`‡q BwewmwWAvBwm MwVZ? [Xv. Õ05]
K 1 FE ● 1 FE M FE N 1 EF K 2wU L 4wU ● 8wU N 16wU
469. 1610 †K †n·v‡Wwmgv‡j cÖKvk Ki‡j †KvbwU n‡e? [e. Õ03]  eywjqvb G¨vjRveiv
KD LF ● 10 N 11 489. KZ mv‡j RR©eyj MwYZ I hyw³i g‡a¨ my¯•ó m¤•K© †ei K‡ib?
470. †n·v‡Wwmgvj c×wZi F Gi gvb AKUvj c×wZ‡Z n‡e− − [P. Õ04] [Xv. Õ03; e. Õ08]
K 158 ● 178 M 168 N 148 K1945 L 1833 M 1944 ● 1854
471. †n·v †Wwm‡g‡j 9EF Gi cieZx© msL¨v KZ? 490. RR©eyj KZ mv‡j eywjqvb G¨vjRveivi D™¢veb K‡ib? [Kz. Õ06]
K 9FO L AO9 ● 1000 NAFO K 1754 mv‡j L 1844 mv‡j ● 1854 mv‡j N 1954 mv‡j
✔ Kw¤•DUv‡ii Z_¨ wewbg‡qi wewfbœ ms‡KZ 491. eywjqvb G¨vjRveivq cÖ‡Z¨K Pj‡Ki KqwU gvb _v‡K? [iv. Õ09; Kz. Õ03]
 AvmwK K 1wU ● 2wU M 3wU N 4wU
472. Bs‡iwR fvlvi Rb¨ †h ms‡KZgvjv e¨envi Kiv nq Zv‡K Kx e‡j? [iv. Õ01] 492. †gŠwjK jwRK †MU KZ cÖKvi? [h. Õ07]
● AvmwK †KvW L Bs‡iwR †KvW M evBbvwi †KvW N BDwb †KvW A_ev, Kw¤•DUvi I Ab¨vb¨ wWwRUvj wm‡÷‡g †gvU Kq ai‡bi jwRK †MU
473. AvmwK ms‡KZgvjvq †gvU ms‡KZ msL¨v KZ? [Xv. Õ10; Kz. Õ04; P. 08] e¨envi nq? [Kz. Õ09; P. Õ10]
K 128wU ● 256wU M 64wU N 512wU K2 ●3 M4 N5
493. Kw¤•DUv‡i Kq ai‡bi †gŠwjK jwRK †MU e¨eüZ nq?  bU †MU
[Xv. Õ07; h. Õ09, Õ05; P. Õ07; wm. Õ08, Õ04, Õ03] 514. bU †M‡Ui BbcyU KqwU _v‡K? [Kz. Õ09, Õ03; P. Õ08, Õ06]
A_ev, †gŠwjK †MU KqwU? [Xv. Õ04; iv. Õ10, Õ08, Õ05, Õ03] ● 1wU L 2wU M 3wU N Awbw`©ó
K GK ai‡bi L `y ai‡bi ● wZb ai‡bi N Pvi ai‡bi 515. ïaygvÎ GKwU BbcyU I GKwU AvDUcyU _v‡K [Xv. Õ09]
494. wb‡Pi †KvbwU †gŠwjK †MU bq? [wm. Õ07] K OR †M‡U L AND †M‡U ● NOT †M‡U N NOR †M‡U
K Ai L G¨vÛ M bU ● bi
495. †KvbwU wfRy¨qvj †ewm‡K jwRK¨vj Acv‡iUi bq? [wm. Õ07; h. Õ05]
 bi †MU
K And ● Equal M Not N Or
516. bi †MU (NOR Gate) ˆZwi nq Kxfv‡e? [e. Õ08]
496. OR, AND Ges NOT GB wZbwU‡K wK †MU ejv nq? [P. Õ05]
K G¨vÛ Ges Ai‡M‡Ui mgš^‡q ● Ai Ges bU †M‡Ui mgš^‡q
● †gŠwjK †MU L †hŠwMK †MU M jwRK †MU N †KvbwUB bq
M GÛ Ges bU †M‡Ui mgš^‡q N Dc‡ii †KvbwU bq
-
497. wb‡æi †KvbwU †gŠwjK jwRK †MU? [P. Õ10, Õ05; e. Õ05] 517. A → o X = A , bKkvwU †Kvb jwRK †M‡Ui? [e. Õ07]
A_ev, †KvbwU †gŠwjK †MU? [iv. Õ09, Õ07; h. Õ10, Õ08; wm. Õ09] K Ai †M‡Ui ● bU †M‡Ui M bi †M‡Ui N b¨vÛ †M‡Ui
K NAND ● NOT M NOR N XOR 518. NOR Gate Gi AvDUcyU †KvbwUi AvDUcyU-Gi wecixZ? [Kz. Õ07; wm. Õ08]
498. bx‡Pi †KvbwU mve©Rbxb †MBU? K NOT ● OR M XOR N XNOR
K OR L AND ● NAND N NOT
 b¨vÛ †MU
499. †KvbwU †gŠwjK jwRK †MU bq? [Xv. Õ05; iv. Õ06; Kz. Õ08, Õ06, Õ03; P. Õ08] 519. GÛ †MU I bU †M‡Ui mgwš^Z †MU‡K wK e‡j? [Kz. Õ10]
K OR †MU ● NOR †MU M AND †MU N NOT †MU
● b¨vÛ †MU K bi‡MU M G· bi‡MU N G·Ai
500. wZbwU †gŠwjK †M‡Ui mgš^‡q KqwU †hŠwMK †MU ˆZwi Kiv hvq? [e. Õ06] 520. NAND Gate Gi AvDUcyU †Kvb †M‡Ui wecixZ nq? [Kz. Õ10]
K 2wU L 3wU ● 4wU N 5wU
● AND L OR M XOR N XNOR
501. †hŠwMK †MU †KvbwU?
K Avi L GÛ M bU ● G·-Ai  G·Ai †MU
502. †hŠwMK †MU †Kvb&wU? [e. Õ04] 521. XOR †MB‡Ui `yBwU BbcyU 1 n‡j AvDUcyU n‡e
 [w`. Õ09]
K OR †MU L AND †MU M NOT †MU ● NAND †MU ●0 L1 M 10 N 11
503. †hŠw³K †hv‡M 1 + 1 = KZ? [Kz. Õ05]  G·bi †MU
K2 ●1 M 11 N0 522. mvaviYZ `ywU weU GKB wK bv Zv Zzjbv Kivi Kv‡R e¨eüZ nq
 [P. Õ04]
[we.`ª. †U·U eB Abyhvqx DËi (K) 2 n‡jI mwVK DËi n‡e (L) K NAND Gate L XOR gate
1| †Kbbv †hŠw³K †hvM 1 + 1 = 1 n‡e|] ● XNOR gate N eywjqvb G¨vjRveiv
 mZ¨K mviwY 523. †Kvb& ai‡bi †M‡U `ywU Bbcy‡Ui GKB gv‡bi Rb¨ AvDUcyU 1 Ges
504. †h †Uwe‡j wewfbœ Bbcy‡Ui wfwˇZ AvDUcyU †`Lv‡bv nq Zv‡K wK BbcyU `ywU wfbœ gv‡bi Rb¨ AvDUcyU 0 nq? [e. Õ04]
e‡j? K b¨vÛ †M‡U L bi †M‡U M G·Ai †M‡U ● G·bi †M‡U
K ch©vq mviwY M mviwY ● mZ¨K mviwY N PvU© 524. G· Ai †MU Gi mv‡_ †Kvb †M‡Ui mgb¦‡q G·bi †MU MwVZ? [h. Õ04]
505. hyw³ eZ©bx‡Z KqwU AvDUcyU _v‡K? K bi L Ai ● bU N GÛ
K GKwU M `yBwU ● wZbwU N PviwU  eywjqvb G¨vjRveiv I mijxKiY
525. †Kvb& ai‡bi †M‡U `ywU Bbcy‡Ui GKB gv‡bi Rb¨ AvDUcyU 1 Ges
✔ jwRK †MUmgR‡ni Kg©c×wZ BbcyU `ywU wfbœ gv‡bi Rb¨ AvDUcyU 0 nq? [e. Õ04]
 Ai †MU K b¨vÛ †M‡U L bi †M‡U M G·Ai †M‡U ● G·bi †M‡U
506. BbcyU `yywU A I B Ges AvDUcyU X ai‡j Ai‡M‡Ui AvDUcyU 
 
526. X = (A + B + C) BC †K eywjqvb G¨vjRveivi gva¨‡g mijxKiY
n‡e
 [P. Õ04]
  Ki‡j wK n‡e? [wm. Õ06]
●X=A+B L X = AB M X = A+B N X = AB 
      

507. Ai †M‡U †h‡Kvb GKwU BbcyU 1 n‡j AvDUcyU n‡e


 [wm. Õ03] K (A + B + C) L (A + B)C ● A . B.C N A .B. C
K0 L 10 ●1 N 11
508. GKwU OR †M‡Ui `ywU BbcyU h_vµ‡g Ô1Õ I Ô0Õ n‡j AvDUcyU IqvW© cÖ‡mwms
†KvbwU n‡e? [Kz. Õ05] (gvB‡µvmdU Awdm IqvW© 2007)
●1 L0 M 10 N 01
A
527. IqvW© cÖ‡mwms k‡ãi A_© wK? [wm. Õ07; e. Õ09]
509. B X=A+B+C www.swapno.in A_ev,IqvW© cÖ‡mwms kãwUi A_©−[Xv. Õ05; iv. Õ03; h. Õ08, Õ06, Õ05; P. Õ06; wm. Õ10]
C K kã iPbv L evK¨ iPbv ● kã cÖwµqvKiY N wnmve Kiv
Dc‡ii bK&kvwU †Kvb jwRK †M‡Ui? [Xv. Õ05] 528. Kw¤•DUvi Avwe®‹v‡ii cR‡e© Awdm-Av`vj‡Zi wPwVcÎ, cÖwZ‡e`b
● Ai †M‡Ui L bi †M‡Ui M G¨vÛ †M‡Ui N b¨vÛ †M‡Ui BZ¨vw`i KvR Kiv n‡Zv 
K QvcvLvbvi mvnv‡h¨ ● UvBcivBUv‡ii mvnv‡h¨
 G¨vÛ †MU
M IqvW© cÖ‡mwms-Gi mvnv‡h¨ N †jUvi †cÖ‡mi mvnv‡h¨
510. A X = AB cÖZxKwU †Kvb jwRK †M‡Ui? [P. Õ09]
B 529. UvBcivBUv‡i Kvwji e`‡j wK e¨envi Kiv nq? [wm. Õ04; e. 10]
K Ai †M‡Ui ● GÛ †M‡Ui M bi †M‡Ui N bU †M‡Ui ● wieb L bxj Kvwj M f‚mv Kvwj N w`c Kvwj
511. G¨vÛ †MU-G `ywU BbcyU 0 I 1 n‡j AvDUcyU KZ? [iv. Õ05] 530. wieb e¨eüZ nq 
●0 L1 M2 N †KvbwUB bq K Kx-†ev‡W© ● UvBcivBUv‡i M wcÖ›Uv‡i N c−Uv‡i
512. GÛ (AND) †M‡Ui `ywU BbcyU GK Ges G‡Ki Rb¨ AvDUcyU wK 531. UvBcivBUv‡ii A¶‡ii gvb Avgv‡`i nv‡Zi †jLvi †P‡qÑ
n‡e? [e. Õ07] K DbœZ L mnRcvV¨ M my›`i ● K, L I M
K2 ●1 M 11 N0 532. †g‡gvwi I GKvwaK d›U e¨env‡ii myweav wb‡q ˆZwi nq 
513. AND Gate-G AvDUcyU Ô1Õ †c‡Z n‡j  [wm. Õ06] K UvBcivBUvi L Kw¤•DUvi ● IqvW© cÖ‡mmi N †¯•ÖWwmU
K me¸‡jv BbcyU Ô0Õ n‡e L †h‡Kvb GKwU BbcyU Ô1Õ n‡e 533. IqvW© cÖ‡mwms kãwUi KqwU Ask?  [Kz. Õ04]
● me¸‡jv BbcyU Ô1Õ n‡e N me©ve¯’v‡ZB AvDUcyU Ô1Õ n‡e K 3wU L 4wU N 4wU ● 2wU
✔ Kw¤•DUv‡i UvBc Kivi c×wZ ✔ KvR mgvß/dvBj eÜ Kiv
 Kx-†evW© I gvDm 557. gvB‡µvmd&U IqvW©-G Ô†mfÕ KgvÛ †Kvb †gby‡Z _v‡K?
534. eZ©gv‡b me‡P‡q RbwcÖq IqvW©cÖ‡mwms †cÖvMÖvg n‡”Q
 [Xv. Õ07, Õ05; Kz. Õ10; P. Õ08, wm. Õ07; e. Õ05]
K IqvW© ÷vi L MS Excel ● MS Word N MS Access GwWU †gby‡Z
K L wfD †gby‡Z
535. Kw¤•DUv‡i †jLv‡jwLi Rb¨ wK e¨envi Kiv nq? [h. Õ09, Õ07] dig¨vU †gby‡Z
M ● dvBj †gby‡Z
K gvDm ● Kx-†evW© M ¯‹¨vbvi N †gv‡Wg 558. dvBj †mf Kivi Rb¨ †Kvb †gby cÖ‡qvRb? [iv. Õ05; e. Õ10]
536. Kx †ev‡W© KZK¸‡jv dvskb Kx Av‡Q? [P. Õ03; wm. Õ08, Õ03; w`. Õ10] K GwWU †gby L Uzj †gby ● dvBj †gby N di‡gU †gby
● 12wU L 10wU M 8wU N 6wU 559. WKz‡g‡›Ui File, Edit, View BZ¨vw` kãwewkó jvBbwU‡K ejv
537. AvBweGg cv‡m©vbvj Kw¤•DUv‡ii Kx‡ev‡W©i Dc‡ii w`‡K GK nq
 [P. Õ07]
mvwi‡Z KqwU dvskb Kx Av‡Q? [wm. Õ05] K UvB‡Ujevi L ¯Œjevi ● †gbyevi N Uzjevi
A_ev, Kx †ev‡W© dvskb Kx Gi msL¨v KZ? [h. Õ10, Õ09; P. Õ09, Õ07; e. Õ04] 560. Word Processing Program-G dvBj msi¶Y Kivi Rb¨ †Kvb
A_ev, dvskb-Kx KqwU? [h. Õ06; e. Õ09] †gby cÖ‡qvRb? [e. Õ07]
● 12wU L 10wU M 8wU N 4wU K Edit Menu ● File Menu M Tools Menu N Format Menu
538. dvskb-Kx wb‡`©kK wPý †Kvb¸‡jv? 561. †Kvb †gby‡Z wcÖ›U KgvÛ _v‡K? [h. Õ10]
K (A – L) ● (F1 – F12) M C1 – C12 N P1 – P12 K di‡gU L BbmvU© M GwWU ● dvBj
539. wkd&U †evZvg †P‡c evsjv †Kvb& eY© UvBc Kiv hvq? [P. Õ09] 562. "Header and Footer", "Zoom", "Toolber"−
− †Kvb †gby‡Z
K AícÖvY eY© L bvwmKv eY© M ¯^ieY© ● gnvcÖvY eY© cvIqv hvq? [Xv. Õ10]
540. †KvbwU dvskb Kx (key)? [e. Õ08] K Tools ● View M Format N Edit
KF L F16 ● F5 N F20
✔ †jLv m¤•v`bv I mw¾ZKiY
541. AvBweGg Kw¤•DUv‡i hLb ïaygvÎ Wm Acv‡iwUs wm‡÷‡g KvR
 evbvb ms‡kvab
Kiv nZ ZLb meiKg wb‡`©k †`Iqvi Rb¨ e¨eüZ nZ  [P. Õ04]
563. †Kvb fvlvq A‡Uv Kv‡iKkb m¤¢e? [Xv. Õ08]
K †¯•m evi L G›Uvi Kx M K¨vcm jK ● dvskb Kx
K evsjv L Aviwe ● Bs‡iwR N Rvcvwb
542. Kx‡ev‡W©i F13 e¨envi K‡i †Kvb KvRwU Kiv hvq? 564. gvB‡µvmdU IqvW© cÖ‡mwms †cÖvMÖv‡g Bs‡iwR evbvb I e¨vKiY
K A¶i †QvU eo Kiv L A¶i gy‡Q †djv
cix¶v Kivi Rb¨ †Kvb KgvÛwU w`‡Z nq? [P. Õ04; e. Õ03]
M wkdU cwieZ©b Kiv ● wcÖ›U w¯Œb K dvBj †gbyi †¯•wjs A¨vÛ MÖvgvi KgvÛ w`‡Z n‡e
543. wcÖ›U w¯Œb (Print screen) †Kvb ai‡bi Kx? [Xv. Õ07; iv. Õ09; wm. Õ08] L GwWU †gbyi †¯•wjs A¨vÛ MÖvgvi KgvÛ w`‡Z n‡e
● dvskb Kx L wcÖ›U Kx M w¯Œb wcÖ›U Kx N KgvÛ Kx ● Uzjm †gbyi †¯•wjs A¨vÛ MÖvgvi KgvÛ w`‡Z n‡e
544. Kw¤•DUv‡i cÖ`Ë †Kv‡bv wb‡`©k evwZj Kivi Rb¨ †Kvb †evZvg N di‡gU †gbyi †¯•wjs A¨vÛ MÖvgvi KgvÛ w`‡Z n‡e
e¨envi Kiv nq? [h. Õ08; Kz. Õ03; wm. Õ09; e. Õ05] 565. A¶‡ii Dci w`‡q Bb mvm©b c‡q›Uvi WªvM Ki‡j A¶i nq 
K Tab L Caps lock M Ctrl ● Esc K wWwjU L BUvwjK M †evì ● wm‡j±
545. Bs‡iwR eo nv‡Zi A¶i UvBc Ki‡Z †Kvb †evZvgwU e¨envi nq? [Kz. Õ07] 566. Ô†¯•wjs GÛ MÖvgviÕ KgvÛ †Kvb †gby‡Z _v‡K? [Kz. Õ08]
K Esc L Tab ● Shift N Ctrl K File L Edit M Format ● Tools
546. Kx-†evW© Gi †Kvb †evZvg m¤§wZmRPK KvR K‡i? [iv. Õ07] 567. Kw¤•DUv‡i IqvW© cÖ‡mwms Gi KvR K‡i wK ˆZwi Kiv nq?
● wiUvb© ev G›Uvi †evZvg L wkdU †evZvg [Kz. Õ05; e. Õ08, Õ06]
M K¨vcm jK †evZvg N dvskb Kx ● WKz‡g›U †iKW©
L M IqvW© N WvUv‡eR
547. Esc †evZvgwU †P‡c Kx Kiv nq? 568. evbvb ms‡kva‡bi KvR‡K ejv nq
 [Xv. Õ03; iv. Õ06; h. Õ08; Kz. Õ09; wm. Õ10, Õ04]
K KgvÛ †`Iqv nq ● KgvÛ evwZj Kiv nq K wWevwMs L GwWwUs ● cÖ“d †`Lv N Gb‡KvwWs
M cjvqb Kiv nq N †jLv gy‡Q hvq 569. IqvW© WKz‡g›U †jLv †kl n‡j cÖ_g KvR †KvbwU? [Xv. Õ06; Kz. Õ10]
548. †KejgvÎ msL¨v I msL¨v wPý¸‡jv‡K Gw›Uª Ki‡Z e¨eüZ nq
 [P. Õ06] ● evbvb ms‡kvab L †jLv mvRv‡bv
K dvskb Kx L U¨ve Kx M wkdU Kx ● wbDgvwiK Kx M c¨vivMÖvd mvRv‡bv N d›U wbe©vPb
549. A¶‡ii AvKvi-AvK…wZ cwieZ©b Kiv nqÑ 570. Kw¤•DUv‡i evsjv UvBc Ki‡Z PvB‡j evsjv d›U Qvov Avi wK
K di‡gU WvqvjM e‡· ● d›U WvqvjM e‡· evQvB Kiv cÖ‡qvRb? [Xv. Õ06]
M ÷vBj WvqvjM e‡· N GwWU WvqvjM e‡· ● Kx †evW© L gwbUi M WªvBf N i¨vg
550. mPivPi †KvbwUi mvnv‡h¨ WvUv BbcyU w`‡Z nq? [Kz. Õ03] 571. †jLv mvRv‡bvi cÖ_g KvR  [Kz. Õ03]
K gvDm L d¬wc wW¯‹ ● Kx †evW© N K¨v‡giv K d›U wVK Kiv ● A¶‡ii AvKvi-AvK…wZ web¨vm Kiv
551. †Kvb WKz‡g›U Kwc Kivi Kx‡evW© KgvÛ n‡”Q  [P. Õ07]
M evbvb wVK Kiv N Bb‡W›U Kiv
K Ctrl + X L Ctrl + V ● Ctrl + C N Shift + X
552. Kx-†ev‡W© G¨v‡iv Kx-Gi msL¨v KqwU? [iv. Õ09]  KvU, Kwc, †c÷
● 4wU L 6wU M 8wU N 10wU 572. ÔKvUÕ KgvÛwUi Ae¯’vb †Kvb †gby‡Z? [wm. Õ06]
553. K¨vcm jK (Caps Lock) wK Rb¨ e¨envi nq? [e. Õ07] K File ● Edit M View N Tools
● eo nv‡Zi †jLvi Rb¨ L Kw¤•DUvi jK Kivi Rb¨ 573. weRq Kx-†evW© e¨envi Kivi Rb¨ Kx UvBc Ki‡Z nq? [P. Õ06]
M KvR eÜ ivLvi Rb¨ N †jLv my›`i Kivi Rb¨ ● Ctrl+Alt+B L Ctrl+Alt+V M Shift+Alt+B N Shift+Alt+V
554. Bs‡iwR eo nv‡Zi A¶i UvBc Ki‡Z †Kvb †evZvg cÖ‡qvRb? 574. Kw¤•DUv‡i cÖ“d †`Lv gv‡b †Kvb KvRwU? [Kz. Õ05]
[Xv. Õ10, Õ06; iv. Õ08; Kz. Õ09; P. Õ08; wm. Õ09] ● evbvb ms‡kvab L ms‡hvRb M we‡qvRb N cwigvR©b
K F1 L Scroll lock ● Caps lock N Pause 575. gvB‡µvmdU IqvW©-G ÔKvUÕ KgvÛ †Kvb †gby‡Z _v‡K? [e. Õ07]
 U¨ve (Tab) ● GwWU †gby‡Z L wfD †gby‡Z
555. IqvW© cÖ‡mwms mdUIq¨vi U¨ve Kx GKevi Pvc‡j KZUzKz RvqMv M dig¨vU †gby‡Z N dvBj †gby‡Z
m‡i? [wm. Õ03] 576. †Kvb cÖ‡qvRbxq Ask GK¯’vb †_‡K Zz‡j Ab¨¯’v‡b emv‡bvi
K GK Bw ● Avav Bw M †`o Bw N `y Bw c×wZ n‡jv 
 c„ôvi AvKvi wba©viY K Ctrl + V I Ctrl + C L Ctrl + S I Ctrl + P
556. c„ôvi gvc wba©viY Kiv nq †KvbwU‡Z? [Kz. Õ05, Õ03] M Ctrl + P I Ctrl + S ● Ctrl + C I Ctrl + V
K †mfGR WvqjM e‡· L wcÖ›U †mUAvc WvqjM e‡· 577. †c÷ Kivi Kx-†evW© KgvÛ
 [Kz. Õ08]
● †cR †mUAvc WvqjM e‡· N c¨vivMÖvd WvqjM e‡· K Ctrl + P ● Ctrl + V M Ctrl + X N Ctrl + C
 A¶i †QvU-eo Kiv  Kjvg web¨vm
578. A¶i gvcvi GKK †KvbwU? [Kz. Õ10; P. Õ10] 605. mßvwnK cwÎKvi Kjvg msL¨v mvaviYZ 
● c‡q›U L d›U M Bw N wgwjwgUvi K 1 †_‡K 4 ● 2 †_‡K 4 M 4 †_‡K 8 N 2 †_‡K 8
 A¶‡ii AvK…wZ cwieZ©b Kiv 606. †Kvb Kw¤•DUv‡ii gva¨‡g cÖ_g evsjv fvlvq K‡¤•vR Kiv nq?
579. †nj‡fwUKv d›UwU [iv. Õ04] K G¨vcj L AvB we Gg ● †gwKb‡Uvk N †cw›Uqvg
A_ev, Ò†nj‡fwUKv (Helvatica)" †Kvb fvlvi d›U? [Xv. Õ07; wm. Õ08] ✔ mgwš^Z Ask
K evsjv d›U L Aviwe d›U ● Bs‡iwR d›U N Pxbv d›U 607. †Kvb c¨viv ev Aby‡”Q‡`i jvBb¸‡jvi ïi“ ev †klUv e¨wZµgx
580. †KvbwU Bs‡iwR d›U? [h. Õ10; wm. Õ10] Kiv‡K wK e‡j? [e. Õ03]
K Chandraboti ● Helvatika M Anandapatra N Suttony ● B‡Û‡›Ukb L †gBj gvR© M †cR di‡gU N G¨vjvBb‡g›U
581. †Kvb&wU evsjv d‡›Ui bvg bq? [Xv. Õ04] 608. B‡Û‡›Ukb Kq cÖKv‡ii n‡Z cv‡i? [Xv. Õ08; wm. Õ03]
K cÖeZ©b ● AcwUgv M †jLbx N emyÜiv K cuvP cÖKv‡ii L Pvi cÖKv‡ii M wZb cÖKv‡ii ● `y cÖKv‡ii
582. †KvbwU Bs‡iwR d›U? [Xv. Õ10; h. Õ07] 609. Avgv‡`i cRe© cyi“‡liv wK DcKi‡Y wjL‡Zb? [iv. Õ03]
K my‡jLv L myZbx M P›`ªveZx ● AcwUgv K wm‡jU, †cwÝj L KvMR-Kjg
583. †KvbwU Bs‡iwR bv‡gi d›U? [wm. Õ05] M †evW©, PK ● Mv‡Qi evKj I cvZv
● †R‡bfv L P›`ªveZx M mvewibv Zb¦x N Avb›`cÎ 610. †gBj gvR© GKwU  [w`. Õ09]
584. †R‡bfv †Kvb fvlvi d›U? [w`. Õ10] K WKz‡g›U L dvBj ● KgvÛ N IqvK©kxU
K evsjv ● Bs‡iwR M myBm N †d«Â 611. †gBj gvR© nj  [Kz. Õ06]
585. †KvbwU evsjv d›U bq? [iv. Õ03] A_ev, MS-Word-Gi †Kvb †gby‡Z †gBj gvR© KgvÛ _v‡K? [e. Õ06]
K myZb¦x L P›`ªveZx M Avb›` ● †R‡bfv ● `yBwU WKz‡g›U‡K GK Kiv L WKz‡g›U wcÖ›U Kiv
586. †KvbwU evsjv mdUIq¨vi? [P. Õ10] M WKz‡g›U wWwjU Kiv N WKz‡g›U †mf Kiv
K myZš^x L †nj‡fwUKv ● †jLbx N P›`ªveZx 612. †gBj gvR© KgvÊ cÖ‡qvM Kivi Rb¨ Kgc‡¶ KqwU WvUv dvBj ˆZwi
587. †KvbwU evsjv d›U bq? [P. Õ08] Ki‡Z nq? [h. Õ09; Kz. Õ09; P. Õ10, Õ08; wm. Õ07]
N Zš^x L cvÊywjwc M P›`ªveZx ● †jLbx K 1wU ● 2wU M 3wU N 4wU
588. wb‡æi †KvbwU evsjvq d›U? [iv. Õ07; P. Õ05] 613. †gBj gvR© Command cÖ‡qvM Kivi Rb¨  wU WvUv dvBj ˆZwi
A_ev, †KvbwU Bs‡iwR d›U bq? [iv. Õ08] Ki‡Z nq. [Xv. Õ05; h. Õ04; P. Õ03; e. Õ04]
● myZb¦x Gg‡R L UvBgm M AcwUgv N †R‡bfv A_ev, †gBj gvR© KgvÛ cÖ‡qvM Kivi Rb¨ Kgc‡¶ KZwU dvBj ˆZwi
589. "Sutonny-MJ" ej‡Z Kx eySvq? [iv. Õ10] Ki‡Z nq? [iv. Õ09, Õ07; h. Õ05; Kz. Õ07]
K BUvjx kã L evsjv mdUIq¨vi ● evsjv d›U N †gvUv A¶i ● `ywU L wZbwU M PviwU N QqwU
590. myZb¦x/myZb¦x-2 (Sutonny/Sutonny II) n‡”Q
 [Xv. Õ04] 614. MS-Word-Gi †Kvb †gby‡Z †gBj gvR© KgvÛ _v‡K?
K evsjv mdUIq¨v‡ii bvg ● evsjv d‡›Ui bvg [Xv. Õ09; wm. Õ10; e. Õ06; w`. Õ09]
M †njvb A¶‡ii KgvÛ N †gvUv A¶‡ii KgvÛ K File L Edit ● Tools N View
591. wb‡Pi †KvbwU evsjv d›U bq? 615. †gBj gvR©-Gi Rb¨ me©‡kl †Kvb KgvÛwU e¨envi Ki‡Z n‡e? [Xv. Õ07; e. Õ10]
● Zngv L Awbe©vb M emyÜiv N weRq K dvskb L Gm‡Kc M cR ● gvR©
592. †KvbwU d‡›Ui bvg bq? [e. Õ08] 616. F1 †_‡K F12 ch©š[ Kx-¸‡jv‡K GK mv‡_ ejv nq 
K myZš^x L myZš^x Gg‡R [Xv. Õ10, Õ08; iv. Õ10, Õ08, Õ05; h. Õ07, Õ03; Kz. Õ06, Õ04; wm. Õ04]
M UvBgm wbD †ivgvb ● DBb G· w_ª A_ev, F5 †Kvb ai‡bi Kx? [Kz. Õ08; e. Õ08]
593. †KvbwU d‡›Ui bvg bq? [iv. Õ06; e. Õ05] ● dvskb Kx L KgvÛ Kx M K‡›Uªvj Kx N wbD‡gwiK Kx
K myZb¦x L Avb›`cÎ M P›`ªveZx ● weRq 617. IqvW© cÖ‡mwms †cÖvMÖv‡g †Kvb WKz‡g›U wcÖ›U Kivi Rb¨ WKz‡g›UwU
594. †KvbwU Ab¨¸‡jv †_‡K c„_K? [e. Õ05] m¤•RY© cÖ¯[yZ Kivi ci wK Ki‡Z nq? [e. Õ03]
K †jLbx L cÖeZ©b ● P›`ªveZx N Awbe©vY K GwWU †gbyi wcÖ›U KgvÛ e¨envi Ki‡Z nq
595. †KvbwU evsjv mdUIq¨vi? [Kz. Õ07] ● dvBj †gbyi wcÖ›U KgvÛ e¨envi Ki‡Z nq
K P›`ªveZx L cvÊywjwc M Avb›`cÎ ● emyÜiv M di‡gU †gbyi wcÖ›U KgvÛ e¨envi Ki‡Z nq
596. P›`ªveZx Gg‡R GwU †Kvb fvlvi d›U? [wm. Õ04] N wfD †gbyi wcÖ›U KgvÛ e¨envi Ki‡Z n‡e
K Bs‡iwR L Aviwe M Pvqbv ● evsjv 618. wcÖ›U KgvÊ †gbyev‡ii †Kvb †gby‡Z Aew¯’Z? [w`. Õ10]
597. P›`ªveZx nj  [Kz. Õ03] ● File L Edit M Tools N Help
● evsjv d›U L evsjv Kx †evW© 619. †Kvb WKz‡g›U I‡cb Kivi Kx-†evW© KgvÛ n‡”Q
 [P. Õ10]
M evsjv mdUIq¨vi N me¸‡jv K Ctrl + N L Alt + N M Alt + O ● Ctrl + O
598. †Kvb&wU evsjv md&UIq¨vi bq? [h. Õ10; wm. Õ09]
620. Print WvqvjM e·-Gi Rb¨ Kx-†evW© KgvÛ
 [iv. Õ06]
K weRq ● UvBg wbD †ivgvb
● Ctrl + P L Ctrl + N M Ctrl + W N Ctrl + E
M knx` wjwc N †jLbx
621. evsjv md&UIq¨vi knx` wjwc e¨envi Kiv nq  [Xv. Õ09; Kz. Õ04]
599. evsjv weRq mdUIq¨v‡i wb‡Pi †Kvb& d›UwU cvIqv hv‡e bv? [P. Õ04]
K myZb¦x Gg‡R ● my`k©bv Gg‡R
mycvi Kw¤•DUv‡i
K ● †gwKb‡Uvk Kw¤•DUv‡i
M P›`ªveZx Gg‡R N Avb›`cÎ Gg‡R
†gBb‡d«g Kw¤•DUv‡i
M N wgwb Kw¤•DUv‡i
600. wb‡Pi †KvbwU Bs‡iwR d›U (Font) bq? 622. evsjvq KvR Kivi Rb¨ D‡j−L‡hvM¨ md&UIq¨vi †KvbwU? [wm. Õ05]
ˆbe©¨w³K mv‡RkÝ (weÁvb)−67

[Xv. Õ09; h. Õ09, Õ06]


K UvBgm L AcwUgv M †R‡bfv ● P›`ªveZx ● weRq L AcwUgv M myZ¤^x N UvBgm
601. †KvbwU evsjv d›U? [Kz. Õ10] 623. wb‡Pi †Kvb&wU evsjv md&UIq¨vi bq? [h. Õ04]
K †jLwb L emyÜiv M weRq ● P›`ªveZx K weRq L †jLbx ● my‡jLv N cÖeZ©b
602. Bs‡iwR bv‡gi d›U bq †KvbwU? 624. †Kvb md&UIq¨viwU Wm Acv‡iwUs wm‡÷‡g evsjvq KvR Kivi Rb¨
● weRq L †R‡bfv M AcwUgv N UvBgm& e¨eüZ nq? [wm. Õ06]
603. evsjv fvlvi GKwU d‡›Ui bvg  K weRq L cÖeZ©b ● Aven N †jLbx
● myifx L GKzk M Gwiqvj N Avb›` cÎ 625. msev`cÎ Ges cÖKvkbv wk‡í GK‡PwUqv e¨eüZ mdUIq¨vi
604. wb‡Pi †KvbwU evsjv d›U (Font) bq? [h. Õ06] n‡”Q
 [Xv. Õ03; P. Õ05]
LPL

● Zngv L Awbe©vY M emyÜiv N weRq K knx` wjwc ● weRq M cÖwkKv N †jLbx


626. Kw¤•DUvi Pvjy nevi ci Kx-†evW©wU †Kvb fvlvq _v‡K? [iv. Õ08] 646. Kw¤•DUv‡ii wnmvewbKvk Kivi mvaviY †cÖvMÖvg Kx?
K evsjv ● Bs‡iwR M Aviwe N divwm K K¨vjKz‡jUi †cÖvMÖvg L IqvK©wkU †cÖvMÖvg
627. Kw¤•DUv‡i evsjv UvBc Kivi Rb¨ †Kvb †evZvgwU wj¼ wnmv‡e M WKz‡g›U cÖ¯‘ZKiY ● †¯•ÖWwkU †cÖvMÖvg
KvR K‡i? [Xv. Õ06; iv. Õ10, Õ07; P. Õ09; wm. Õ08; e. Õ10] 647. Spreadsheet nj− − [wm. Õ10]
A_ev, evsjv hy³v¶i UvBc Kivi Rb¨ †Kvb Bs‡iwR †evZvg wj¼ wnmv‡e K WvUv‡eR †cÖvMÖvg L †cÖvMÖvwgs j¨vs¸‡qR
e¨eüZ nq? [Kz. Õ07; wm. Õ06; w`. Õ09] M †ewm‡Ki c{Y©iƒc ● MYbvKvix †cÖvMÖvg
KF LF ●G NH 648. ïay cwiewZ©Z msL¨v¸‡jv UvBc K‡i w`‡j m¤•RY© wnmve
628. †KvbwU evsjv md&UIq¨vi bq? [h. Õ08, Õ05] AvcbvAvcwb cybwe©b¨¯[ n‡q hv‡e wK‡mi gva¨‡g?
K weRq L knx` wjwc ● UvBgm wbD †ivgvb N †jLbx K UvBcivBUv‡i L G‡·j †¯•ÖWwk‡U ● †¯•ÖWwk‡U N IqvK©wk‡U
629. †cv÷ w¯ŒÞ Kx? [iv. Õ09] 649. †gwKb‡Uvk wm‡÷‡g RbwcÖq †¯•ªWwmU †KvbwU?
K GKwU wcÖ›Uvi ● md&UIq¨vi K †jvUvm ● G‡·j M †Kvqv‡Uªv †cÖv N †Kv‡ij Wª
M GKai‡bi Kx-†evW© N w¯ŒÞ ˆZwi Kiv
650. †gwKb‡Uvk cv‡m©vbvj Kw¤•DUv‡ii cÖavb †¯•ªWwmU †cÖvMÖvg †KvbwU? [e. Õ03]
630. †W¯‹Uc cvewjwks kãwUi †MvovcËb nq
 [iv. Õ06, Õ03; Kz. Õ06]
● gvB‡µvmdU G‡·j L gvB‡µvmdU IqvW©
A_ev, †W¯‹Uc cvewjwks cÖewZ©Z nq
 [Xv. Õ04]
M gvB‡µvmdU G‡·m N †jvKvm-123
K 1971 mv‡j L 1976 mv‡j M 1981 mv‡j ● 1985 mv‡j
631. †Kvb mv‡j Kw¤•DUv‡i K‡¤•vR Øviv evsjv ÔAvb›`cÎÕ cwÎKv †ei 651. wb‡Pi †Kvb&wU †gwKb‡Uvk Ges DB‡ÛvR Acv‡iwUs wm‡÷‡g GKwU
nq? [Xv. Õ04; e. Õ04] AZ¨š[ RbwcÖq †¯•ªWwkU †cÖvMÖvg? [Xv. Õ08; h. Õ04]
K 1977 mv‡j L 1984 mv‡j M 1981 mv‡j ● 1987 mv‡j K Access ● Excel M Clipper N Lotus 1-2-3
632. †Kvb Zvwi‡L mvßvwnK ÔAvb›`cÎÕ cÖKvwkZ n‡qwQj? [Xv. Õ08] 652. gvB‡µvmdU †Kv¤•vwb †gwKb‡Uvk Kw¤•DUv‡ii Rb¨ G‡·j
K 14 †g ● 16 †g M 12 †g N 18 †g †¯•ªWwkU †cÖvMÖvg ˆZwi K‡i
 [Xv. Õ09; h. Õ06, Õ05; Kz. Õ06]
633. Avb›`cÎ cÖ_g cÖKvwkZ nq †Kvb Zvwi‡L? [w`. Õ10] A_ev, KZ mv‡j gvB‡µvmdU †Kv¤•vwb †gwKb‡Uv‡ki Rb¨ G‡·j ˆZwi
K 14 †g 1997 L 16 †g 1978 M 14 †g 1981 ● 16 †g 1987 K‡i? [P. Õ05; wm. Õ04]
634. evsjv‡`‡k †W¯‹Uc cÖKvkbvi KvR ïi“ nq KZ mv‡j? K 1987 mv‡j ● 1985 mv‡j M 1975 mv‡j N 1977 mv‡j
[Xv. Õ09, Õ05; iv. Õ10; h. Õ05; Kz. Õ04; P. Õ03; wm. Õ05, Õ03; e. Õ09] 653. †Kvb †Kv¤•vwb 1985 mv‡j †gwKb‡Uvk Kw¤•DUv‡ii Rb¨ G‡·j
A_ev, KZ mv‡j evsjv‡`‡k †W¯‹Uc cvewjwks ïi“ nq? [h. Õ07; wm. Õ07] †¯•ªWwkU †cÖvMÖvg ˆZwi K‡i? [e. Õ03]
K 1986 mv‡j ● 1987 mv‡j M 1988 mv‡j N 1989 mv‡j A_ev, G‡·j †¯cÖWwkU †cÖvMÖvg ˆZwi K‡i †Kvb †Kv¤•vwb? [Xv. Õ04; Kz. 05]
635. DTP-Gi cRY© bvg wK? [iv. Õ09; P. Õ06; wm. Õ09] K b¨vkbvj †Kv¤•vwb ● gvB‡µvmd&U †Kv¤•vwb
● Desk Top Publishing L Desk Top Publisher M G¨vcj †Kv¤•vwb N mdUIq¨vi †Kv¤•vwb
M Data Type Publishing N Data Type Publisher 654. GgGm K‡c©v‡ikb †Kvb Kw¤•DUv‡ii Rb¨ 1985 mv‡j G‡·j
636. cÖKvkbvi D‡Ï‡k¨ Kw¤•DUv‡i †jLv‡jwLi KvR‡K wK e‡j? [iv. Õ05; e. 08] †cÖvMÖvg ˆZwi K‡i? [Kz. Õ08; P. Õ10; w`. Õ10]
K†cÖm cvewjwks L †gwKb‡Uvk cvewjwks ● †gwKb‡Uvk L AvBweGg wcwm M G¨vcj N j¨vcUc
MIqvK© cvewjwks ● †W·Uc cvewjwks 655. †dviUªvb Kx? [P. Õ08]
637. evsjv‡`‡k me©cÖ_g Kw¤•DUv‡i K‡¤•vR K‡i cwÎKv cÖKvk K‡ib
 [e. Õ06] K A¨vwc−‡Kkb mdUIq¨vi L GKwU Kw¤•DUv‡ii bvg
K gvndzR Avbvg L kvnRvnvb mRxe M GKwU cÖR‡š§i bvg ● †cÖvMÖvwgs j¨vs¸‡qR
M gvneyeyi ingvb ● †gv¯Ndv ReŸvi 656. AvBweGg wcwm K¤•vwUej Kw¤•DUv‡ii DB‡ÛvR wm‡÷‡gi Rb¨
638. evsjv‡`‡k Kw¤•DUv‡i K‡¤•vR Kiv cÖ_g evsjv cwÎKvi bvg Kx? G‡·j †¯•ÖWwkU †cÖvMÖvg ˆZwi K‡i KZ mv‡j? [iv. Õ07]
K 1985 mv‡j ● 1987 mv‡j M 1971 mv‡j N 1975 mv‡j
● mvßvwnK Avb›`cÎ L ˆ`wbK Avb›`cÎ 657. KZ mv‡j AvBweGg wcwm-Gi DB‡ÛvR wm‡÷‡gi Rb¨ G‡·j
cvw¶K Avb›`cÎ
M N gvwmK Avb›`cÎ †cÖvMÖvg ˆZwi K‡ib? [wm. Õ07]
639. cÖ_g Kw¤•DUv‡i evsjvq K‡¤•vR Kiv cwÎKvwUi bvg
 ● 1987 mv‡j L 1985 mv‡j M 1991 mv‡j N 1993 mv‡j
[iv. Õ04; h. Õ04; Kz. Õ06; P. Õ07] 658. gvB‡µvmd&U 1987 mv‡j †Kvb Kw¤•DUv‡ii Rb¨ G‡·j †cÖvMÖvg
A_ev, †W·Uc cÖKvkbv wm‡÷g e¨envi K‡i evsjv‡`‡ki 1g cÖKvwkZ ˆZwi K‡i? [Xv. Õ08, Õ06]
cwÎKv †KvbwU? [P. Õ09; wm. Õ06] ● IBM L Apple M Macintosh N Main frame
● Avb›`cÎ L Avb›`evRvi M Avb›`wPÎ N Avb›`‡gjv 659. †KvbwUi mvnv‡h¨ evRvicÖeYZvi we‡k−lY I fwel¨ØvYx Kiv hvq? [e. Õ04]
640. eY© mdUIq¨viwU KZ mv‡j ˆZwi nq? [e. Õ03; Xv. Õ03] K gvB‡µvmdU IqvW© ● gvB‡µvmdU G‡·j
● 1993 L 1991 M 1994 N 1989 M gvB‡µvmdU G‡·m N d·‡cÖv
660. †KvbwUi mvnv‡h¨ evRvi cÖeYZvi we‡k−lY I fwel¨Z evYx Kiv hvq?
†¯•ÖWwkU G¨vbvjvBwmm K WvUv‡eR †cÖvMÖvg L G¨vUjvm
(gvB‡µvmdU G‡·j 2007) M g¨vK Imt ● †¯•ÖWwkU †cÖvMÖvg
✔ †¯•ÖWwkU cwiwPwZ 661. Wm wK? [h. Õ09, Õ07]
K BbcyU wm‡÷g L AvDUcyU wm‡÷g
641. Kjvg I mvwii cÖ‡Z¨KwU Dcv`vb‡K wK ejv nq? [iv. Õ07; h. Õ09; e. Õ10]
● Acv‡iwUs wm‡÷g N †KvbwUB bq
● †mj L †iÄ M PvU© N digyjv
662. †jvUvm †¯•ÖWwkU †cÖvMÖvg n‡”Q
 [wm. Õ04]
642. G‡·‡ji Kjvg I mvwii cÖ‡Z¨KwU Dcv`vb‡K e‡j 
● eY© wfwËK L wWRvBb wfwËK
[iv. Õ04; wm. Õ03; e. Õ05]
M wPÎ wfwËK N wPÎ I wWRvBb wfwËK
● †mj †¯•ªWwmU
L M †iv Kjvg N Dc‡ii me¸‡jv
663. †jvUvm 1-2-3 †Kvb c×wZ‡Z cwiPvjbv Kiv myweavRbK?
643. Kw¤•DUv‡i wnmvewbKvk Kivi mvaviY †cÖvMÖvg †KvbwU? K †gby PvwjZ ● †U·U †eRW M gvDm PvwjZ N meKwU
K IqvW© cÖ‡mwms †cÖvMÖvg ● †¯•ÖWwkU †cÖvMÖvg 664. †jvUv‡mi GKwU †mj ev N‡i IqvK©wk‡Ui wbR¯^ wbqg Abyhvqx KZ
M WvUv‡eR †cÖvMÖvg N †cÖ‡R‡›Ukb †cÖvMÖvg eY©wewkó †j‡ej ev kã UvBc Kiv hvq? [e. Õ02]
644. wewfbœ †m‡ji Dcv‡Ëi g‡a¨ cvi¯•wiK m¤•K© ˆZwi Kiv hvq †KvbwU‡Z? ● 8 eY© L 9 eY© M 12 eY© N 16 eY©
K IqvW© cÖ‡mwms †cÖvMÖvg ● †¯•ÖWwmU †cÖvMÖvg 665. †jvUvm 1-2-3 †Kvb Acv‡iwUs wm‡÷‡gi Rb¨ cÖ‡hvR¨? [wm. Õ07]
M WvUv‡eR †cÖvMÖvg N †cÖ‡R‡›Ukb †cÖvMÖv‡g K Windows XP ● DOS M Unix N Windows-98
645. e¯[yZ KZ mv‡j †gwKb‡Uvk Kw¤•DUvi Rš§ †bq? [e. Õ04] 666. †¯cÖWwkU †cÖvMÖvg †KvbwU? [iv. Õ09; h. Õ06]
K 1980 mv‡j L 1982 mv‡j M 1984 mv‡j ● 1985 mv‡j K G‡·m ● †jvUvm 1-2-3 M MS-word N ORACLE
667. †¯•ÖWwkU †cÖvMÖvg †Kvb&wU? [h. Õ10; wm. Õ10, Õ09] 688. G‡·j IqvK©wk‡Ui me©‡kl Kjvg †KvbwU?
K wW‡eR L GgGm IqvW© M IivKj ● G‡·j K wf AvB L AvB wc M wc AvB ● AvB wf
668. Wm G e¨eüZ †¯•ªWwkU †cÖvMÖvg n‡”Q
 [e. Õ05] 689. GKwU IqvK©wk‡U KZwU †mj _vK‡Z cv‡i?
K G‡·j ● †jvUvm M DfqwU N †KvbwU bv [Xv. Õ09; iv. Õ10, Õ05; P. Õ09, Õ07, Õ05; wm. Õ07, Õ06; e. Õ09, Õ04]
669. AvBweGg cv‡m©vbvj Kw¤•DUv‡i Wm cwi‡ek eûj e¨eüZ A_ev, G‡·j IqvK©©wk‡Ui †gvU N‡ii msL¨v
 [Xv. Õ04; iv. Õ03; wm. Õ0; e. Õ07]
K 10 jvL L 20 jvL M 30 jvL ● 40 jv‡Li †ewk
†¯•ªWwkU †cÖvMÖvg nj
 [Kz. Õ07; P. Õ06; e. Õ03]
A_ev, DOS Acv‡iwUs wm‡÷‡gi eûj e¨eüZ †¯•ÖWwkU †cÖvMÖvg n‡”Q  690. Pxbv fvlvq eY© msL¨v |
K 65 nvRvi L 75 nvRvi M 80 nvRvi ● 85 nvRvi
[Xv. Õ09; Kz. Õ10; P. Õ10, Õ07]
691. †¯•ÖWwkU †cÖvMÖv‡gi Dci †_‡K wb‡Pi w`‡K eivei P‡j Avmv
● †jvUvm 1-2-3 L wW‡eR iv M GgGm-Wm N Mac Os.
Ni¸‡jv‡K GK m‡½ wK ejv nq? [P. Õ07; wm. Õ08]
670. G‡·j wK? [h. Õ08; P. Õ05, Õ03] K Row L Cell ● Column N Worksheet
● GUI wfwËK †¯•ªWwkU †cÖvMÖvg L Text wfwËK †¯•ªWwkU †cÖvMÖvg 692. IqvK©wk‡Ui Dci †_‡K wb‡Pi Ni¸‡jv‡K e‡j−
− [iv. Õ06; h. 08]
M Kx‡evW© wfwËK †¯•ªWwkU †cÖvMÖvg N Wm wfwËK †¯•ªWwkU †cÖvMÖvg K jvBb ● Kjvg M †i N mvwi
671. †KvbwU wPÎwfwËK †¯•ªWwkU †cÖvMÖvg? [wm. Õ05] 693. GKwU IqvK©wk‡Ui 3q Kjvg I 5g mvwii †mj G‡Wªm [Kz. Õ05]
A_ev, GUI wfwËK †¯•ÖWwkU †cÖvMÖvg †Kvb&wU? [w`. Õ09] K C3 L E3 ● C5 N E5
K †jvUvm ● G‡·j 694. K Kjvg Ges 20 bs mvwii †mj G‡Wªm [Kz. Õ03; e. Õ10]
M gvB‡µvmd&U IqvW© N d· †cÖv ● K20 L 20K M K/20 N 20/K
672. G‡·j †¯•ªWwkU †cÖvMÖvg n‡”Q
 695. M Kjvg I 14 bs mvwi †mj G‡Wªm nj
 [Xv. Õ10; wm. Õ02]
[iv. Õ09, Õ04; Kz. Õ04; P. Õ09, Õ07, Õ06; e. Õ09] K 14M ● M14 M M/14 N M/>14
● wPÎwfwËK L eY©wfwËK M kãwfwËK N †KvbwUB bq
696. IqvK©wk‡U Pvi b¤^i Kjv‡gi mvZ b¤^i mvwii †mjwU †Kvb wPý Øviv
†evSv‡Z n‡e? [w`. Õ10]
673. †KvbwU wPÎwfwËK WvUv‡eR †cÖvMÖvg? [P. Õ05] K 7D L 7tD ● D7 N Dt
K File Maker Pro L Dbase for DOS 697. 5 bs Kjvg I 5 bs mvwii †mj G‡Wªm nj
● Excel N Lotus K E5 L 5E ● E5 N E/5
674. A¶im¤^wjZ Z_¨ †Kvb ai‡bi WvUv? [Xv. Õ05] 698. Kjvg wm (Column C) Ges 20 bs mvwii (Raw 20) †mj G‡Wªm
● †U·U L b¤^i M †g‡gv N Kv‡iwÝ †KvbwU? [e. Õ08]
675. G‡·‡j evsjv md&UIq¨vi  [w`. Õ09] ● C 20 L 20 C M C/20 N 20/C
K e¨eüZ nq bv L gv‡S g‡a¨ e¨eüZ nq 699. wb‡Pi †Kvb&wU mwVK †mj G¨v‡Wªm? [e. Õ09]
● e¨eüZ nq N KL‡bv e¨eüZ nq bv K D5C L = 9D ● D9 N 9D
676. G‡·j †cÖvMÖv‡gi ¸Y-Gi Rb¨ †Kvb wPýwU e¨envi Kiv nq? [Kz. Õ06; e. Õ06] 700. IqvK©wk‡Ui GKwU †m‡j m‡e©v”P KZwU A¶i UvBc Kiv hvq? [Kz. Õ06; e. Õ06]
K 10wU L 155wU M AmsL¨ ● 255wU
K+ L× M/ ●*
701. IqvK©wk‡Ui wm‡j± Kiv Nimgwó‡K ejv nq  [h. Õ03; P. Õ09, Õ07]
677. †jvUvm nj  †¯•ªWwkU †cÖvMÖvg| [wm. Õ04]
K mvwi L Kjvg ● †iÄ N A¨v‡Wªm
● eY©wfwËK (TEXT Based) L wPÎwfwËK (GUI)
702. wbw`©ó Kv‡Ri Rb¨ †ek K‡qKwU Ni GK m‡½ wm‡j± Ki‡j H Ni
M WmwfwËK N Dc‡ii †KvbwU bq mgwói GjvKv‡K e‡j  [h. Õ03]
678. †jvUvm nj  [h. Õ10, Õ07] ● †iÄ L mvwi M Kjvg N IqvK©wmU
K WmwfwËK †¯•ÖWwkU †cÖvMÖvg L Kx †evW©wfwËK †¯•ÖWwkU †cÖvMÖvg 703. †¯•ªWwkU †cÖvMÖv‡gi P‚ovš[ ch©v‡qi KvRwU n‡”Q

M GUI wfwËK †¯•ÖWwkU †cÖvMÖvg ● †U·UwfwËK †¯•ÖWwkU †cÖvMÖvg [Xv. Õ03; h. Õ04; P. Õ06, Õ05, Õ03; e. Õ07]
679. †KvbwU †¯•ªWwkU †cÖvMÖvg bq? [iv. Õ03] IqvK©wkU ˆZwi Kiv
K ● IqvK©wkU di‡gwUs Kiv
K †jvUvm 1-2-3 L G‡·j ● wW‡eR N †Kvqv‡Uªv †cÖv dvskb Kxi e¨envi
M N wkdU Kxi e¨envi
680. Excel-G mvwii msL¨v  [P. Õ03] 704. †¯•ÖWwkU †cÖvMÖv‡gi P‚ovš[ KvR †KvbwU? [e. Õ07]
● 16,384 L 8,192 M 255 N 256 ● IqvK©wkU ˆZwi Kiv L dvskb Kx Gi e¨envi
[we. `ª. : me©‡kl ms¯‹iY Abyhvqx MS Excel-Gi mvwi msL¨v n‡”Q 65,536wU|] M IqvK©wkU di‡gwUs Kiv N wkd&U Kx Gi e¨envi
681. wd‡ìi bvg  MÖvg, WvUv  ivYxcyi wd‡ìi aib Kx n‡e? [Xv. Õ05] 705. msL¨vi m‡½ Wjvi ev UvKv wPý e¨envi Kiv IqvK©wk‡Ui †Kvb
● eY© L msL¨v M BbwURvi N wURvi †gbyi KvR? [Xv. Õ06]
K Edit L Insert ● Format N File
682. †¯•ÖWwkU †cÖvMÖv‡g evg †_‡K Wvb w`‡K P‡j Avmv Ni¸‡jv‡K
706. c„ôvi gvc wba©viY Kiv nq †KvbwU‡Z? [Kz. Õ05]
GK‡Î Kx e‡j? [Kz. Õ08]
K †mfGR WvqvjM e‡· L wcÖ›U †mUAvc WvqvjM e‡·
K Kjvg ● mvwi M †mj N IqvK©wmU ● †cR †mUAvc WvqvjM e‡· N c¨vivMÖvd WvqvjM e‡·
✔ IqvK©wkU cwiwPwZ 707. †¯•ªWwkU †cÖvMÖv‡gi gRj DcRxe¨ welq wK?
683. †cÖvMÖvg †Lvjvi ci c`©vq AmsL¨ Niwewkó GKwU wnmv‡ei QK †`Lv [Xv. Õ10; Kz. Õ09, Õ05; wm. Õ09, Õ06, Õ03]
K Address L Row M Column ● Cell
†Mj| G‡¶‡Î wnmv‡ei QKwU‡K ejv nq  [Xv. Õ05]
708. Kjvg I mvwii ga¨eZx© ms‡hvM¯’j‡K Kx e‡j? [e. Õ08]
A_ev, †¯•ªWwkU †cÖvMÖvg Pvjy Kivi ci c`©vq AmsL¨ Niwewkó GKwU QK
K wmU ● †mj M wdì N †iKW©
†`Lv hvq Zv‡K wK e‡j? [wm. Õ05; e. Õ03]
709. msiw¶Z IqvK©wkwU dvB‡ji G·‡Ubkb wK?
A_ev, †¯cÖWwkU †cÖvMÖv‡g AmsL¨ Niwewkó QK‡K e‡j  [iv. Õ06]
K WS ● XLS M XL N Sheet
K †¯•ªWwkU ● IqvK©wkU M K¨vjKz‡jkb N IqvK© †¯•ªWwkU 710. wb‡gœi †KvbwU IqvK©wkU di‡gwUs Gi KvR?
684. †cÖvMÖvg eÜ Kivi KgvÛ †KvbwU? K wk‡ivbvg eo Kiv L msL¨v ms‡M `kwgK hy³ Kiv
K Close ● Exit M Sutdown N Save M Wjvi ev UvKv wPýhy³ Kiv ● Dc‡ii meKwU
685. IqvK©wkU ej‡Z Kx eySvq? [iv. Õ03]
A_ev, IqvK©wkU Kx? [Xv. Õ07]
✔ digyjv e¨envi
K GKwU mvwi L GKwU Kjvg
711. IqvK©wk‡U digyjv †jLvi Rb¨ digyjv ev‡i cÖ_‡gB †Kvb wPý UvBc
M WvUv‡eR ● eû Niwewkó GKwU wnmv‡ei QK Ki‡Z nq? [iv. Õ07]
K> L< ●= N*
686. mvaviYZ GKwU †¯•ÖUwkU dvB‡j KqwU IqvK©wkU _v‡K? 712. †¯•ªWwkU †cÖvMÖv‡g Avgiv hw` (C9+D10+E12+F15) †m‡ji mv‡_ †hvM K‡i
K2 ●3 M4 N5 Zv A9 †m‡j wjL‡Z PvB Zvn‡j †Kv_vq Kxfv‡e digyjv wjL‡Z n‡e? [P. Õ04]
687. GKwU IqvK©wk‡U  jv‡LiI †ewk Ni ev †mj _vK‡Z cv‡i| [iv. Õ08; h. Õ05] K A9 †m‡j, C9+D10+E12+F15 L F15 †m‡j, = C9+D10+E12+F15
K 20 L 30 M 35 ● 40 M F15 †m‡j, C9+D10+E12+F15 ● A9 †m‡j, C9+D10+E12+F15
713. †¯•ÖWwk‡U digyjv Kwc Kivi Rb¨ Copy-Paste Qvov Ab¨ †Kvb 733. †KvbwU dvskb? [e. Õ08]
KgvÛ e¨envi Kiv hvq? [Xv. Õ07; Kz. Õ10] K C9 ● AVG M LET N FALSE
K Copy-Formula L Paste-Formula 734. = AVG(C9 : C19), GLv‡b AVG wK? [Xv. Õ06]
● Fill N Fillup ● Function L Formula M Sum N Advantage
714. †hvMmRÎ ¯’vcbKvix †mj¸‡jv Kx ai‡bi n‡Z cv‡i? 735. = Sum (C 9: C 12), GLv‡b Sum wK? [Kz. Õ10, Õ07; P. Õ10, Õ08; wm. Õ08]
K mPj I APj ● mwµq I wbw®Œq A_ev, = Sum (A9 : A16), GLv‡b Sum wK? [e. Õ10]
M Amxg I mmxg N Kjvg I mvwie× K Summation L Formula ● Function N Addition
715. IqvK©wk‡Ui GKwU †m‡j m‡e©v”P KZwU A¶i UvBc Kiv hvq? 736. G‡·‡j mwVKfv‡e †jLv dig“jv nj  [e. Õ05]
K 10wU ● AmsL¨ M 155wU N 255wU A_ev, C9, C10, C11 I C12 †mj PviwUi msL¨v¸‡jv‡K †hvM Kivi digyjv wK? [wm. Õ06]
K SUM (C9 : C12) ● = SUM (C9 : C12)
716. G‡·‡j dvskb KgvÛ cvIqv hvq †Kvb †gby‡Z?
M SUM = (C9 : C12) N SUM (C9 + C12)
● Insert L Formulla M Format N Tolls
737. = (C9 + C10 + C11 + C12)/4 GB MvwYwZK wnmv‡ei KvRwU †Kvb
717. G‡·‡j ¸Y Kivi Rb¨ †Kvb wPý e¨envi Kiv nq?
Dcv‡q mn‡R Kiv hvq?
K + ● * M/ N× K = MIN (C9 t C12) L = MAX (C9 t C12)
✔ IqvK©wkU cix¶v-wbix¶v Kiv M = SUM (C9 t C12) ● = AVG (C9 t C12)
718. digyjvi mwVKZv hvPvB Kivi Rb¨ †Kgb msL¨v e¨envi Ki‡Z n‡e? 738. IqvK©wk‡Ui me‡P‡q eo msL¨v wbY©q Kivi digyjv n‡”Q

K eo AvKv‡ii ● †QvU AvKv‡ii msL¨v K @> (Cell . ell) ● @ SUM MAX (Cell . .Cell)
M ïay k{b¨ (0) N ïay GK (1) M @SUM, MAX (Cell . Cell) N MAX (Cell . .Cell)
739. mwVK dvsk‡bi e¨envi †Kvb&wU? [wm. Õ10; w`. Õ09]
✔ IqvK©wk‡U †jLv m¤•v`bv Kiv ● = SUM (d2 : h2) L SUM (d2 : h5)
719. †jLv m¤•v`bvi mvnv‡h¨  M COUNT (d2 : h2) N COUNT (d2 + h2)
K A¶i †QvU eo Kiv hvq L A¶‡ii AvK…wZ cwieZ©b Kiv hvq 740. †Kvb Z_¨wU mwVK? [h. Õ10]
M †jLv‡K Nywi‡q ¯’vcb Kiv hvq ● me¸‡jvB mwVK K Sum (C2 t C8) L Sum = (C2 t C8)
● = Sum (C2 t C8) N Sum = (C2 + C8)
✔ PvU©/MÖvd 741. dvskb KgvÛ cvIqv hvq †Kvb †gby‡Z? [iv. Õ09; Kz. Õ09, Õ03]
720. †¯•ªWwkU †cÖvMÖv‡g msL¨vi wfwˇZ †h wfRyq¨vj Dc¯’vcb ˆZwi Kiv K di‡gU ● BbmvU© M DB‡Ûv N wfD
hvq Zv‡K wK e‡j? [Kz. Õ09, Õ03]
742. 'C' Kjv‡gi 6 bs †iv Gi wVKvbv †KvbwU? [iv. Õ05]
K †mj L digyjv M dvskb ● MÖvd/PvU© K 6c ● C6 M 2c N A6
721. PvU© DBRvW© †_‡K MÖvd PvU© ˆZwi‡Z KqwU avc cÖ‡qvRb? [Xv. Õ07; Kz. Õ08] 743. kZ© wbf©i KvR Kiv hvq 
K GKwU L `yBwU M wZbwU ● PviwU K MvwYwZK digyjvi mvnv‡h¨ L cwimsL¨vÍK digyjvi mvnv‡h¨
722. MÖvd ev PvU© ˆZwi Kivi mnR Dcvq nj  e¨envi Kiv| [h. Õ04] ● jwRK¨vj digyjvi mvnv‡h¨ N CHOOSE digyjvi mvnv‡h¨
K †Uwej L PvU© UvB‡Uj M PvU© †gby ● PvU© DBRvW©
723. MÖvd ev PvU© ˆZwi Kivi mnR Dcvq nj  [Xv. Õ03; iv. Õ10; h. Õ04; P. Õ04] WvUv‡eR
● PvU© DBRvW© e¨envi Kiv L Kx-†evW© e¨envi Kiv (gvB‡µvmdU G‡·m 2007)
M gvDm e¨envi Kiv N †gby KgvÛ e¨envi Kiv ✔ WvUv‡eR
724. †¯•ªWwkU †cÖvMÖv‡g GKmv‡_ KqwU IqvK©wk‡U KvR Kiv hvq?[Kz. Õ03] 744. Kw¤•DUvi‡K Rš§ †_‡K †ewk ¸i“Z¡ †`Iqv n‡q‡Q  [iv. Õ07; wm. Õ07]
K GKwU L GKwUI bq ● WvUv‡eR L IqvK©wkU M †¯•ªWwkU N IqvW© AvU©
● GKvwaK N Dc‡ii me¸‡jv 745. WvUv‡eR mdUIq¨vi wb‡Pi †KvbwU?
725. DB‡Ûvi wb‡P IqvK©wmU¸‡jvi bvg wKfv‡e wjLv _v‡K? ● gvB‡µvmdU G‡·m-2000 L d·‡cÖv
K Work Sheet 1, 2, 3 L SpreedSheet 1, 2, 3 M †ewmK N gvB‡µvmdU G‡·j
● Sheet 1, 2, 3 N Sheet 1-2-3 746. WvUv‡eR A_© nj
 [iv. Õ06, Õ03; h. Õ08; wm. Õ09, Õ04; e. Õ10, Õ09, Õ05]
726. †h †Kvb Z‡_¨i wfRy¨qvj Dc¯’vcbvB n‡jv  K wdìweb¨vm L kãweb¨vm ● Z_¨web¨vm N †iKW©
K IqvK©wkU L dvskb M MÖvd ● me KqwU 747. Datum k‡ãi eûePb †KvbwU? [h. Õ10, Õ08; wm. Õ09; e. Õ09; w`. Õ10]
K Datums L Datas M Dataes ● Data
✔ IqvK©wkU msi¶Y 748. Data kãwU †Kvb k‡ãi eûePb? [Kz. Õ06; P. Õ09; e. Õ06]
727. IqvK©wkU wcÖ›U Kivi Rb¨ dvBj †gbyi †Kvb KgvÛ e¨envi Ki‡Z
A_ev, WvUv kãwU  k‡ãi eûePb| [iv. Õ04]
nq? [iv. Õ10, Õ08] K Datas L Dataes M Datums ● Datum
K Cancel L OK M Save ● Print 749. Kw¤•DUvi‡K †Kvb Kv‡Ri Rb¨ me‡P‡q †ewk ¸i“Z¡ †`Iqv nq? [Xv. Õ05]
728. bZzb IqvK©wk‡Ui Rb¨ IqvK©wkU KgvÛ cvIqv hvq †Kvb †gby‡Z? ● WvUv‡eR L I‡qe mvBU M †¯•ÖWwkU N IqvK©wkU
[Kz. Õ07; wm. Õ08] 750. Kw¤•DUvi Kxfv‡e Z_¨ cÖwµqvKiY K‡i?
K Edit ● Insert M Format N Tools ● wb‡`©k Abyhvqx L wdì n‡Z M †iKW© n‡Z N dg©{jv Abyhvqx
✓ mvigg© 751. Kw¤•DUv‡ii mbvZb cÖ‡qvM nj 
729. †¯•ªWwkU w`‡q cÖavbZ
 ● WvUv‡eR L †jvUvm
[Xv. Õ04; iv. Õ02; h. Õ09, Õ06, Õ05; Kz. Õ04; wm. Õ05; e. Õ03] M c¨v‡KR †cÖvMÖvg N †¯•ªWwkU †cÖvMÖvg
K †jLv‡jwLi KvR Kiv hvq L Z_¨ we‡k−l‡Yi KvR Kiv hvq 752. †KvbwU Kw¤•DUv‡ii KuvPvgvj? [Kz. Õ06]
M MÖvwd‡·i KvR Kiv hvq ● wnmvewbKv‡ki KvR Kiv hvq ● Z_¨ L †gby M digyjv N †jvUvm
730. MS Excel †cÖvMÖvg w`‡q wK KvR Kiv nq? [Xv. Õ10] 753. Kw¤•DUv‡ii fvlvq Z_¨ Kx?
K Word Processing L Database ● KuvPvgvj L †cÖvMÖvg M kã N evK¨
● Calculating N Number System 754. wi‡jkbvj WvUv‡e‡R me©wbæ dvB‡ji msL¨v [P. Õ03]
731. †¯•ÖWwkU †cÖvMÖv‡gi †mj¸‡jv Kq ai‡bi n‡Z cv‡i? [h. Õ06; e. Õ07, Õ04] ● `ywU L wZbwU M PviwU N QwU
A_ev, †mj Kq ai‡bi n‡Z cv‡i? [iv. Õ08, Õ05; h. Õ07; wm. Õ04] 755. WU cÖ¤•U cwi‡ek †_‡K †gby PvwjZ cwi‡e‡k hvIqvi Rb¨ UvBc
● 2 ai‡bi L 3 ai‡bi M 4 ai‡bi N 5 ai‡bi
Ki‡Z nq 
K MENU ↵ L CHANGE ↵ ● ASSIST ↵ N LEA VE ↵
732. G‡·‡ji Kjvg msL¨v KZ? [h. Õ07]
756. Kw¤•DUvi hv wb‡q KvR K‡i Zvi me©wbgœ GKK‡K e‡j 
K 525 L 265 M 562 ● 256 K BbcyU ● DcvË M AvDUcyU N cÖ‡mm
✔ gvB‡µvmdU G‡·m 778. †KvbwU wPÎwfwËK WvUv‡eR †cÖvMÖvg? [P. Õ05]
757. RDBMS-Gi cRY©iƒc wb‡Pi †KvbwU? A_ev, GUI wfwËK WvUv‡eR †cÖvMÖvg †KvbwU? [P. Õ10]
K Relational Descending Management System ● File Maker Pro L Dbase for DOS
● Relational Database Management system M Excel N Lotus
M Relational Database Magnetic System 779. dvBj †gKvi †cÖv †cÖvMÖv‡g WvUv‡eR‡K Kjvg AvKv‡i web¨¯[
N Relational Database memory system Ki‡Z nq? [e. Õ02]
K GwWU †gbyi KvU KgvÛ w`‡Z nq ● GwWU †gbyi di‡gU KgvÛ w`‡Z nq
✔ G‡·m WvUv‡e‡Ri wewfbœ Ae‡R± M di‡gU †gbyi Kjvg KgvÛ w`‡Z nqN wm‡j± †gby †j AvDU KgvÛ w`‡Z nq
758. †Uwej n‡”Q WvUv‡e‡Ri  780. wd‡ìi bvg  MÖvg
K bvg L gvb ● cÖvY N KvVv‡gv WvUv  ivYxcyi
759. †KvbwU Ae‡R±? wd‡ìi aib Kx n‡e? [Xv. Õ05]
K †Uwej L †iKW© M wdì ● me¸‡jv ● eY© L msL¨v M BbwURvi N wURvi
✔ wdì I †iKW© 781. WvUv‡eR †cÖvMÖv‡g mwU©s-Gi gva¨‡g Kx Kiv nq? [iv. Õ03]
760. †iKW© nj wKQy  Gi mgwó| [P. Õ03] K Z_¨ BbcyU †`qv nq L Z_¨ gy‡Q †djv nq
● wdì L dvBj M WvUv‡eR N A¶i ● Z_¨ evQvB Kiv nq N Z_¨ cÖ`k©b Kiv nq
761. Kw¤•DUv‡ii wbKU cÖwZwU Z_¨B G‡KKwU  [Xv. Õ10; Kz. Õ10] 782. m¤•v`bvi KvR Kivi Rb¨ WvUv‡eR‡K †Kvb cwi‡e‡k Dc¯’vcb
● †iKW© L wdì M Z_¨ N †mj Ki‡Z nq? [Kz. Õ10, Õ07; wm. Õ08]
762. wb‡Pi †KvbwU Qvov WvUv‡eR mwµq nq bv? [P. Õ01] K DB‡ÛvR L ZvwjKv M †W¯‹Uc ● eªvDR
K †iKW© L dvBj M †cÖvMÖvg ● wdì 783. mvaviY WvUv‡e‡R KqwU dvBj _v‡K? [iv. Õ09; Kz. Õ03]
763. WvUv‡e‡Ri dvBj ˆZwi nq  [Kz. Õ02; e. Õ02] ● 1wU L 2wU M 3wU N 4wU
K Z‡_¨i mgš^‡q ● †iK‡W©i mgš^‡q 784. WvUv‡e‡Ri wdì cÖK…Zc‡¶ wK‡mi ˆewkó¨ wb‡`©k K‡i? [Kz. Õ04]
M wd‡ìi mgš^‡q N mvwii mgš^‡q ● WvUv L wi‡cvU© M gvDm N †KvbwUB bv
764. GKwU †iK‡W© _vK‡Z cv‡i A‡bK¸‡jv
 [Xv. Õ04; h.Õ07, Õ05; e. Õ10; w`. Õ09] 785. ci¯•i m¤•K©hy³ GKvwaK dvB‡ji mgb¦‡q MwVZ WvUv‡eR‡K ejv
A_ev, GKwU †iK‡W© A‡bK¸‡jv Kx _v‡K? [h. Õ04] nq [iv. Õ03]
K WvUv‡eR L dvBj M †dvìvi ● wdì K mvaviY WvUv‡eR L †bUIqvK©
765. New Record KgvÛ _v‡K  ● m¤•K©hy³ WvUv‡eR N †KvbwUB bq
K File †gby‡Z ● Edit †gby‡Z 786. e¨w³i bvg gv‡jK Ges †ckv nj PvKwi| Zvn‡j gv‡jK n‡e  [iv. Õ08]
M Select †gby‡Z N Format †gby‡Z K Attribute ● Entity
766. Kw¤•DUv‡ii wbKU cÖ‡Z¨KwU Z_¨B G‡KKwU  wn‡m‡e cwiwPZ| M Entity and Attribute †Kv‡bvwUB bq
N
787. †Kvb GKwU GbwUwUi G¨vwUªweDUmgR‡ni mgwó‡K ejv nq

● †iKW© wdìL M Z_¨ N †mj [Xv. Õ03; wm. Õ04; e. Õ07]
767. WvUv‡e‡R †iKW© Gi Ask¸wj‡K Kx e‡j? A_ev, KZ¸‡jv wd‡ìi mw¤§wjZ Z_¨‡K Kx e‡j? [iv. Õ07; h. Õ08; Kz. Õ03]
K WvUv ● †iKW© M dvBj N wi‡cvU©
[Xv. Õ08; iv. Õ09, Õ05; Kz. Õ09; e. Õ08]
788. WvUv‡eR dvB‡ji G·‡Ubkb †KvbwU? [Xv. Õ04; Kz. Õ05; P. Õ03; e. Õ07]
†iKW©-2
K L eY© M wbD‡gwiK ● wdì
K DBS ● DBF M BAS N SYS
768. WvUv‡e‡R wd‡ìi mgwó‡K ejv nq
 [h. Õ03]
789. A¶i ev msL¨v Abymv‡i mvRv‡bv †iKW© [w`. Õ09]
A_ev, KZK¸‡jv wdì wb‡q MwVZ nq
 K Arrange ● Sort M Search N Sequencing
[Xv. Õ04; iv. Õ10; h. Õ10; Kz. Õ05; P. Õ06; wm. Õ10; e. Õ09] 790. eY© ev msL¨vi Abyµg wn‡m‡e Z_¨ evQvB web¨vm‡K ejv nq
 [Xv. Õ03]
A_ev, WvUv‡e‡R meKqwU wdì wgwj‡q †hme Z_¨ _v‡K Zv‡K Kx e‡j
 K Arrange L Search ● Sort N Distribution
[iv. Õ03; wm. Õ05, Õ03] 791. A‡bK¸‡jv GK ai‡Yi Kv‡Ri dvBj ivLvi Auvavi‡K wK ejv nq?
● †iKW© L dvBj M †dvìvi N †Uwej K wdì L †KKW© M dvBj ● WvB‡i±wi
769. WvUv‡e‡R wK‡mi mgwó‡K †iKW© e‡j? [Xv. Õ10] 792. eqm wjLvi wd‡ìi aiY †KvbwU?
● wdì L †dvìvi M dvBj N dg©{jv K Calculation L Age ● Number N Date
770. GKwU †iK‡W©i WvUv hw` nq gwnDwÏb Ges wd‡ìi bvg nq bvg, 793. wcÖ›U Kivi Kx-†evW© KgvÛ †KvbwU?
Z‡e wd‡ìi aib Kx? [iv. Õ08] K Ctrl + A L Ctrl + C ● Ctrl + P N Crtl + V
● eY© L msL¨v M eY© I msL¨v N †Kv‡bvwU bq ✔ WvUv
771. Kx-†ev‡W©i HOME †evZv‡g Pvc w`‡j Kvm©i †iK‡W©i 794. WvUv‡eR g¨v‡bR‡g›U ej‡Z Kx †evSvq? [P. Õ04]
● cÖ_g A¶‡i hvq L cÖ_g wd‡ì hvq ● WvUv‡eR wewfbœfv‡e mvRv‡bv L WvUv‡eR‡K bZzbfv‡e bvgKiY Kiv
M †kl A¶‡i hvq N cÖ_g †iK‡W© hvq M WvUv Gw›Uª Kiv N bZzb WvUv AšNf©³ y Kiv
772. WvUv‡e‡Ri wbw`©ó msL¨K †iKW© Ae‡jvK‡bi ci Avevi me¸‡jv 795. Kw¤•DUvi hv wb‡q KvR K‡i Zvi me©wbæ GKK‡K wK e‡j?[wm. Õ10]
†iKW© †`Lvi cwi‡e‡k wd‡i hvIqvi Rb¨
 K †iKW© L dvBj M WvUv‡eR ● WvUv
K Revert KgvÛ w`‡Z nq L Cancel KgvÛ w`‡Z nq 796. WvUv‡e‡Ri  e¨enviB n‡”Q WvUv‡eR e¨e¯’vcbvi KvR? [wm. Õ03]
● Find All KgvÛ w`‡Z nq N Restore KgvÛ w`‡Z nq K GKgyLx L wØgyLx M wÎgyLx ● eûgyLx
773. GKwU WvUv‡e‡R _v‡K K‡qKwU  [wm. Õ09] 797. †KvbwU WvUv‡eR g¨v‡bR‡g›U †cÖvMÖvg? [iv. Õ01]
K field L files ● records N folders K Gg.Gm. IqvW© L G‡·j M Wm ● d·‡cÖv
774. KZK¸wj †iKW© wb‡q Kx MwVZ nq? [iv. Õ08; P. Õ05; e. Õ04] 798. IivKj (ORACLE) Kx?[iv. Õ09; h. Õ10, Õ05; Kz. Õ08; wm. Õ10, Õ07; e. Õ07]
● GKwU WvUv‡eR L GKwU wdì ● WvUv‡eR e¨e¯’vcbv mdUIq¨vi L †¯•ªWwmU †cÖvMÖvg
M GKwU G‡Wªm N GKwU †mj ev †Kvl M Wm Acv‡iwUs wm‡÷g N IqvW© cÖ‡mwms
775. WvUv‡e‡Ri ¸i“Z¡cYR © welq nj
 [iv. Õ06; h. Õ09] 799. †gBb‡d«g Kw¤•DUv‡ii me‡P‡q RbwcÖq Ges eûj e¨eüZ WvUv‡eR
● wdì L †gby M IqvK©wkU N dgy©jv e¨e¯’vcbv mdUIq¨vi ev †cÖvMÖvg †KvbwU? [Xv. Õ06; iv. Õ05, Õ04; h. Õ04;
776. Z_¨ e¨e¯’vcbvq e¨envi Kiv nq  [h. Õ03] Kz. Õ05, Õ03; P. Õ07, Õ06, Õ04; wm. Õ05, Õ03; e. '08, Õ05, Õ03]
K IqvW© cÖ‡mwms †cÖvMÖvg L †¯•ªWwkU †cÖvMÖvg A_ev, †gBb‡d«g Kw¤•DUv‡i RbwcÖq WvUv‡eR †cÖvMÖvg †KvbwU?
● WvUv‡eR †cÖvMÖvg N †ewmK †cÖvMÖvg [iv. Õ07; Kz. Õ07; wm. Õ08]
777. †KvbwU eY©wfwËK wd‡ìi D`vniY? [e. Õ10, Õ05] ● IivKj L wW‡eR
● bvg L eqm M †eZb N ZvwiL M GkUb-†UU/dvBj‡gKvi †cÖv N d· †cÖv
800. ORACALE cÖK…Zc‡¶ †Kvb Kw¤•DUv‡ii Rb¨ WvUv‡eR †cÖvMÖvg? [w`. Õ10] 823. A¶i msewjZ Z_¨ †Kvb ai‡bi WvUv? [Xv. Õ05]
● †gBb †d«g L wgwb M AvB we Gg wcwm N mycvi ● †U·U L b¤^i M †g‡gv N Kv‡iwÝ
801. IivKj GKwU  [Xv. Õ04; h. Õ08; w`. Õ09] 824. Address †Kvb ai‡bi WvUv UvBc? [Xv. Õ03; e. Õ06]
● WvUv‡eR †cÖvMÖvg L †¯•ªWwkU †cÖvMÖvg K Number L Currency ● Text N Date/Time
M IqvW© cÖ‡mwms †cÖvMÖvg N MÖvwd· †cÖvMÖvg 825. bvg †Kvb ai‡bi WvUv? [Xv. Õ08; iv. Õ10; P. Õ06]
802. AvB we Gg cv‡m©vbvj Kw¤•DUv‡ii me‡P‡q RbwcÖq I eûj e¨eüZ ● Text L Number M Date/Time N Currency
WvUv‡eR e¨e¯’vcbv †cÖvMÖvg n‡”Q
 [P. Õ09] 826. †Kv‡bv e¨w³i gvwmK Avq Gi Rb¨ †Kvb ai‡bi WvUv wdì
K d·‡cÖv ● wW‡eR M IivKj N dvBj †gKvi cÖ‡qvRb? [Xv. Õ06]
803. wW‡eR GKwU  [wm. Õ05] K Text ● Number M Date/Time N Value
K †¯•ªWwkU †cÖvMÖvg L IqvW© cÖ‡mwms †cÖvMÖvg 827. Numeric Kx ai‡bi wdì? [Kz. Õ05; e. Õ07]
● WvUv‡eR e¨e¯’vcbv †cÖvMÖvg N MÖvwd· †cÖvMÖvg ● msL¨v L †U·U M eY© N hyw³g{jK
804. wW‡eR 3 + n‡”Q  828. Ô10 RvbyqvwiÕ †Kvb ai‡bi WvUv? [h. Õ04]
K WU cÖ¤•U PvwjZ †cÖvMÖvg ● †gby I WU †gvW PvwjZ †cÖvMÖvg ● Date/time L Currency M Number N OLE
M †gby PvwjZ †cÖvMÖvg N †Kv‡bvwUB bq 829. WvUv‡e‡R ÔRš§ ZvwiLÕ †Kvb ai‡bi WvUv? [h. Õ07; P. Õ08; wm. Õ08]
805.  GKwU AZ¨š[ kw³kvjx Ges RbwcÖq WvUv‡eR. [h. Õ04]
● mgq I ZvwiL L eY© M msL¨v N gy`ªv
K FoxPro ● dBase M Clipper N Access
830. Rb¥-ZvwiL nj GKwU  [wm. Õ10]
● wdì L dvBj M WvUv‡eR N †iKW©
806. WvUv‡eR e¨e¯’vcbv †cÖvMÖvg wW‡e‡Ri PZz_© ms¯‹iY n‡”Q
 [Kz. Õ04]
K ORACLE ● dBase IV 831. gy`ªv †Kvb ai‡bi WvUv? [h. Õ06]
K Text L Memo M Lookup ● Currency
M Fox Pro N File maker Pro
807. d·‡e‡Ri me©‡kl ms¯‹iY †KvbwU? [Xv. Õ07; P. Õ08; wm. Õ08]
832. Currency ai‡bi WvUv Kx m¤•‡K© n‡q _v‡K? [e. Õ03]
K ¯^qswµqfv‡e msL¨v e`jv‡bv m¤•‡K© L mgq I ZvwiL m¤•‡K©
● d· †cÖv L d·‡eR M wW‡eR N wW‡eR-4
M A¶im¤^wjZ Z_¨ m¤•‡K© ● gy`ªv m¤•‡K©
808. †KvbwU WvUv‡eR †cÖvMÖvg bq? [iv. Õ10; h. Õ09, Õ07]
● Excel L d Base M Oracle N MS Access
833. Yes/No †Kvb ai‡bi Z_¨? [Xv. Õ07; Kz. Õ08]
809. d·‡cÖv GKwU  [h. Õ10, Õ09; Kz. Õ04; P. Õ05]
● hyw³wbf©i L nuv/bv †evaK M 1 ev 0 N `yBwfwËK
A_ev, Foxpro †Kvb ai‡bi †cÖvMÖvg? [iv. Õ08]
834. †Kvb ai‡bi WvUv hyw³wbf©i Z_¨?
[Xv. Õ09; h. Õ10; Kz. Õ10; P. Õ10; wm. Õ10, Õ06]
● WvUv‡eR †cÖvMÖvg L †¯•ªWwkU †cÖvMÖvg
K Number L Hyperlink ● Yes/No N Look Up
M IqvW© cÖ‡mwms †cÖvMÖvg N MÖvwd· †cÖvMÖvg
810. d·‡cÖvÕi me©‡kl fvm©b †KvbwU? 835. GKwU Z‡_¨i mv‡_ Ab¨ Z_¨‡K B›Uvi‡bU ai‡bi m¤•K©h³ y Kiv‡K
K d·‡cÖv 4.6 L wfRy¨qvj d·‡cÖv 5.00
Kx e‡j? [Kz. Õ06; P. Õ09, Õ04; e. Õ06, Õ03]
K Lookup ● Hyperlink M OLE Object N Wizard
● wfRy¨qvj d·‡cÖv 6.00 N wfRy¨qvj d·‡cÖv 7.00
811. †KvbwU WvUv‡eR e¨e¯’vcbv †cÖvMÖvg bq? [h. Õ06]
836. WvUv‡eR †cÖvMÖv‡gi wd‡ìi bv‡gi eY©msL¨v KZ n‡Z cv‡i? [P. Õ07]
K 32wU L 128wU M 16wU ● 64wU
K d Base L Ashton-Tate ● Lotus N Foxbase
812. wb‡Pi †KvbwU WvUv‡eR †cÖvMÖvg? [Xv. Õ03]
837. GKwU wd‡ì KZwU eY© n‡Z cv‡i? [iv. Õ05; Kz. Õ08; e. Õ06]
K Q basic L Excel M Word perfect ● Foxpro
A_ev, wdì bvg m‡e©v”P KZwU e‡Y©i n‡Z cv‡i?
[Xv. Õ09, Õ06; iv. Õ07; h. Õ06, Õ05, Õ04; Kz. Õ10; P. Õ09; wm. Õ07]
813. wb‡Pi †KvbwU WvUv‡eR †cÖvMÖvg bq? [Xv. Õ08; P. Õ06]
K wW‡eR L IivKj M d·‡cÖv ● i¨vU‡cÖv A_ev, WvUv‡K wba©vwiZ wd‡ìi gv‡S mwbœ‡ewkZ Ki‡Z bvg _vK‡Z nq|
814. WvUv‡eR e¨e¯’vcbv mdUIq¨vi †KvbwU? [e. Õ04]
Gme wd‡ìi bvg me©vwaK KZ eY© ch©š[ n‡Z cv‡i? [wm. Õ06; e. Õ10]
K gvB‡µvmdU G‡·j L gvB‡µvmdU IqvW© K 32wU L 42wU M 52wU ● 64wU
● dvBj †gKvi †cÖv N †jvUvm 1-2-3 ✔ wdì †cÖvcvwU©
815. gvB‡µvKw¤•DUv‡ii Av`k© WvUv‡eR mdUIq¨vi n‡”Q [Xv. Õ10; wm. Õ04] 838. K¬v‡q›U mvf©vi n‡”Q GK ai‡bi
 [Kz. Õ04]
K G‡·j ● G‡·m M wW‡eR N IivKj K †µZv‡`i †mev`vb c×wZ ● DbœZgv‡bi †bUIqvK©
816. †KvbwU WvUv‡eR †cÖvMÖvg bq? [wm. Õ09] M †¯•ªWwkU †cÖvMÖvg N gvB‡µvKw¤•DUvi weµq c×wZ
K ORACLE L CLIPPER M FOXPRO ● FORTRAN 839.  †K ejv nq mvf©v‡ii K¬v‡q›U| [h. Õ04]
817. gvB‡µvmdU GK‡mm I‡cb Kivi ci msjvc NiwU‡Z cvIqv ● IqvK©‡÷kb L e¨enviKvix M WvUv‡eR N Z_¨
hv‡e
 [wm. Õ06] 840. IqvK©‡÷kb‡K mvf©vi cÖwµqvKi‡Yi Kv‡R mnvqZv K‡i| GRb¨
● wZbwU †iwWI evUb I GKwU wj÷ e· IqvK©‡÷kb‡K Kx ejv nq? [Xv. Õ09, h. Õ04; e. Õ03]
L GKwU †iwWI evUb I GKwU wj÷ e· K mvf©v‡ii DBRvW© ● mvf©v‡ii K¬v‡q›U
M GKwU †iwWI evUb I wZbwU wj÷ e· M mvf©v‡ii wi‡mvm© N mvf©v‡ii Kvi‡bj
N GKwU †iwWI evUb I PviwU wj÷ e· 841. wWw÷ªweD‡UW WvUv‡eR e¨e¯’vcbvi Rb¨ †Kvb c×wZ‡K cÖvavb¨
818. G‡·‡ji GKwU †¯•ÖWwk‡Ui mv‡_ WvUv‡e‡Ri †KvbwUi wgj Av‡Q? †`Iqv n‡q _v‡K? [Xv. Õ07, Õ05; P. Õ08; e. Õ04]
[Kz. Õ09] K †nvgm mvf©vi c×wZ L wi‡mvm© mvf©vi c×wZ
K dg©m L wi‡cvU© M †j-AvDU ● †Uwej M IqvK©‡÷kb mvf©vi c×wZ ● K¬v‡q›U mvf©vi c×wZ
819. gvB‡µvmdU GK‡mm WvUv‡e‡Ri cRe©wba©vwiZ QK bq †KvbwU? [wm. Õ06] 842. †K‡›`ªi m‡½ mve©¶wYK Z_¨ Av`vb cÖ`v‡bi Rb¨ †Kvb WvUv‡eR
K Expenses L Ledger M Order Entry ● Module cÖ‡qvRb? [Xv. Õ06; Kz. Õ08; P. Õ10]
820. gvB‡µvmd&U Awdm-2000 c¨v‡K‡Ri Ask †Kvb WvUv‡eR †cÖvMÖvg? K wm‡½j †dR WvUv‡eR ● wWw÷ªweD‡UW WvUv‡eR
[Kz. Õ09] M g‡bvcwj WvUv‡eR N wcwm WvUv‡eR
● Access L Oracle M Foxpro N d Base  Z_¨ AbymÜvb/AvniY
821. Access †cÖvMÖv‡g KZ cÖKvi WvUv BbcyU Kiv hvq? [Xv. Õ08] 843. WvUv‡e‡Ri Ab¨Zg AvKl©Y Kx?
● 10 cÖKvi L 8 cÖKvi M 4 cÖKvi N 6 cÖKvi ● Z_¨ AbymÜvb Kiv L dg© ˆZwi Kiv
822. Text ai‡bi WvUv †Kvb ai‡bi Z_¨? M wi‡cvU© ˆZwi Kiv N Z_¨ ev` †`Iqv
[iv. Õ05, Õ04; h. Õ05; Kz. Õ09; wm. Õ05; e. Õ08] 844. WvUv‡eR wewfbœ welq‡K AbymÜvb Kivi Dc‡hvM ˆZwi Kiv nq 
● A¶i msewjZ Z_¨ L gy`ªv Z_¨ [
M msL¨v Z_¨ N hyw³wbf©i Z_¨ K †Uwe‡j ● Kz¨‡qwi‡Z M di‡g N wi‡cvU©
845. WvUv‡e‡Ri GKwU welq‡K bvbvfv‡e Dc¯’vcb Kiv nq †KvbwU‡Z? 863. Kw¤•DUv‡ii hvwš0K fvlvi KqwU eY© Av‡Q? [Xv. Õ10]
[Kz. Õ07; P. Õ10, Õ08] ● `ywU L GKwU M cuvPwU N †KvbwU bq
K †Uwej L dg©m M Kz¨‡qwi ● wi‡cvU© 864. Kw¤•DUv‡ii hvwš0K fvlvq †Kvb `ywU eY© Av‡Q?
846. Kz¨‡qwi Kx? [Kz. Õ06; e. Õ04] K4I5 L 9 I 10 M0I9 ● 0 Ges 1
K GKwU WvUv‡eR‡K bvbvfv‡e Dc¯’vcb Kiv 865. †gwkb j¨vs¸‡qR we`y¨r cÖev‡ni KqwU ms‡K‡Zi mgš^‡q MwVZ nq?
● WvUv‡e‡Ri wewfbœ welq‡K AbymÜvb Kivi Dc‡hvM ˆZwi Kiv K1 ●2 M3 N4
M WvUv‡eR‡K ZvwjKv AvKv‡i Dc¯’vcb Kiv
 G¨v‡m¤^wj fvlv
N ¯^qswµqfv‡e msL¨v e`jv‡bv 866. G¨v‡m¤^wj fvlvq mivmwi 'ADD' UvBc K‡iB †hvM Kivi wb‡`©k †`Iqv
847. WvUv‡e‡R wewfbœ welq‡K AbymÜvb Kivi Dc‡hvM ˆZwi Kiv nq  nq| GUv‡K †gwk‡bi fvlvq Kx †jLv nZ? [P. Õ04]
[e. Õ08; Õ05] A_ev, Kw¤•DUvi‡K †hvM Kivi wb‡`©k †`Iqvi Rb¨ evBbvwi c×wZ‡Z Kx
†Uwe‡j
K ● Kz¨‡qwi‡Z M di‡g N wi‡cv‡U© UvBc Ki‡Z nq? [wm. Õ06]
848. Kz‡q¨wi Øviv Kx KvR Kiv nq? K 1010001 L 1001001 M 1000011 ● 1000101
K K‚‡ci MfxiZv cwigvc L WvUv web¨vm Kiv 867. G¨v‡m¤^wj fvlvq ADD Kx wb‡`©k K‡i? [Xv. Õ08]
M †iKW© AbymÜvb ● Z_¨ Abymܨvb ● SUM L ISP M MAX N TLD
✔ mvigg© 868. ADD m‡¼Z Øviv Kw¤•DUvi Kx eyS‡Z cv‡i? [iv. Õ04; wm. Õ03]
849. WvUv‡eR dvBj nj  [iv. Õ06] K Zv‡K ¸Y Ki‡Z ejv n‡q‡Q L Zv‡K fvM Ki‡Z ejv n‡q‡Q
K Dcv‡Ëi mgwó L †iK‡W©i mgwó ● Zv‡K †hvM Ki‡Z ejv n‡q‡Q N Zv‡K we‡qvM Ki‡Z ejv n‡q‡Q
M wd‡ìi mgwó ● Z‡_¨i mgwó 869. G¨v‡m¤^wj fvlvi mxgve×Zv Kx? [Kz. Õ06; e. Õ08; w`. Õ09]
850. mn‡R WvUv‡eR ˆZwii Rb¨ Kx e¨envi Kiv †h‡Z cv‡i? [e. Õ09] K GwU AvKv‡i eo L GwU AvKv‡i †QvU
K wi‡cvU©m L †c‡Rm M g¨v‡µv ● DBRvW© ● GwU hš7wbf©i N GwU hš7wbf©i bq
851. WvUv‡e‡R jwRK¨vj wd‡ìi Width KZ? [iv. Õ09; h. Õ03] 870. G¨v‡m¤^wj fvlvq Abyev‡`i KvR m¤•bœ nq Kx fvlvq?
●1 L2 M3 N4 K D”P¯N‡ii fvlv Øviv L †h‡Kvb mdUIq¨vi Øviv
852. jwRK¨vj wdì m‡e©v”P  [w`. Õ09] ● A¨v‡m¤^wj mdUIq¨vi Øviv N Dc‡ii †Kv‡bvwUB bq
● 1 A¶i n‡Z cv‡i L 8 A¶i n‡Z cv‡i 871. †cÖvMÖv‡gi †Kvb fvlv hš0wbf©i? [P. Õ03; e. Õ04]
M 255 A¶i n‡Z cv‡i N 128 A¶i n‡Z cv‡i K D”P¯N‡ii fvlv L hš7fvlv
● G¨v‡m¤^wj fvlv N Dc‡ii †KvbwUB bq
Kw¤•DUvi †cÖvMÖvwgs 872. G¨v‡m¤^jvi Kx? [Xv. Õ09; P. Õ10]
✔ Kw¤•DUvi †cÖvMÖvwgs fvlv K GKwU hš7 L gwbUi
853. Kw¤•DUvi nvW©Iq¨vi I mdU&Iq¨vi Kxiƒc? M wcÖ›Uvi ● GKwU md&UIq¨vi
K cwic{iK iƒc L weKí iƒc ● mw¤§wjZ iƒc N mvgÄm¨ iƒc 873. G¨v‡m¤^wj fvlvq †hvM wb‡`©k †`Iqv nq †KvbwU UvBc K‡i?
854. †h fvlvq †`Iqv wb‡`©k Kw¤•DUvi eyS‡Z cv‡i Zv‡K Kx e‡j? ● ADD L 1000101 M NSP N MDS
K Kw¤•DUv‡ii fvlv ● †cÖvMÖvwgs‡qi fvlv  D”P¯[‡ii fvlv
M gvby‡li fvlv N Dc‡ii me¸‡jv 874. Z…Zxq cÖR‡š§i fvlv n‡jv
 [P. Õ09]
855. wb‡Pi †KvbwU †cÖvMÖvwgs‡qi fvlv bq? K wbæ¯N‡ii fvlv L hvwš7K fvlv
K D”P¯N‡ii fvlv ● gvby‡li fvlv M hvwš7K fvlv N A¨v‡m¤^wj fvlv ● D”P¯N‡ii fvlv N G¨v‡m¤^jx fvlv
856. e¨envwiK Kg©mRwP ˆZwi Kiv nq  875. †KvbwU wbgœ¯[‡ii fvlv? [e. Õ06]
● †cÖvMÖvwgs fvlvi mvnv‡h¨ L c¨v‡K‡Ri mvnv‡h¨ ● Machine Language L BASIC
M nvW©Iq¨v‡ii mvnv‡h¨ N Kx-†ev‡W©i mvnv‡h¨ M Pascal N Fortran
876. hvwš0K fvlv‡K †Kvb ¯[‡ii fvlv ejv nq? [iv. Õ05]
✔ †cÖvMÖvwgs fvlvi †kÖwYwefvM K D”P ¯N‡ii L ga¨g ¯N‡ii
857. †cÖvMÖvwgs-Gi fvlv KZ cÖKvi? ● wbæ ¯N‡ii N AwZ D”P ¯N‡ii
[Xv. Õ09, Õ08; iv. Õ05, Õ03; wm. Õ09; e. Õ10; w`. Õ09] 877. †KvbwU D”P¯[‡ii fvlv? [iv. Õ03; e. Õ06]
A_ev, Kw¤•DUvi †cÖvMÖvwgs fvlv‡K KqwU fv‡M fvM Kiv hvq? K wW‡eR L IqvW© cvi‡d± ● c¨vm‡Kj N †jvUvm
[iv. Õ08; h. Õ10, Õ06; P. Õ10, Õ07; e. Õ04; w`. Õ10] 878. wb‡Pi †KvbwU †cÖvMÖvwgs j¨vs¸‡qR? [iv. Õ08]
A_ev, Kw¤•DUvi †cÖvMÖvwgs-Gi fvlv nj  cÖKvi| [h. Õ09] ● FORTRAN L Package Software
● 3 cÖKvi L 7 cÖKvi M 5 cÖKvi N 6 cÖKvi M MS-Word N Quattro Pro
 hvwš0K fvlv 879. wb‡Pi †KvbwU High Level Language bq? [Xv. Õ10; h. Õ06]
www.swapno.in K †ewmK (BASIC) L wm (C)
++
M wm (C++) ● d Base
858. Kw¤•DUvi gvby‡li fvlv  [iv. Õ03; Kz. Õ05]
K mivmwi eyS‡Z cv‡i L KLbI eyS‡Z cv‡i bv 880. Kw¤•DUv‡ii K‡qKwU †cÖvMÖvwgs j¨vs¸‡qR nj : (i) †gwkb
M AvswkK eyS‡Z cv‡i j¨vs¸‡qR (ii) c¨vm‡Kj (iii) †Kvej (iv) G¨v‡m¤^wj j¨vs¸‡qR|
● hvwš7K fvlvq iƒcvšNwiZ n‡j eyS‡Z cv‡i Gi g‡a¨ nvB †j‡fj j¨vs¸‡qR nj  [Xv. Õ05]
859. evBbvwi c×wZ‡Z BbcyU I wb‡`©k w`‡j wK Amyweavi m„wó nq? K (i) I (ii) bs ● (ii) I (iii) bs M (iii) I (iv) bs N (i) I (iv) bs
K kª‡gi AcPq N‡U L mgq †ewk jv‡M 881. †ewmK †Kvb ai‡bi fvlv?
M cÖPyi cwigvY msL¨v UvBc Ki‡Z nq ● Dc‡ii me¸‡jv ● D”P¯N‡ii fvlv L wbæ¯N‡ii fvlv
860. †gwkb fvlvq iƒcvš[wiZ †cÖvMÖvg‡K Kx e‡j? [h. Õ03] M hvwš7K
fvlv N ga¨g ¯N‡ii fvlv
K Source Code ● Object Code M Instruction N BCD Code 882. †ewmK n‡”Q  [Xv. Õ04; h. Õ07; wm. Õ10; e. Õ09]
K IqvW©cÖ‡mwms †cÖvMÖvg ● †cÖvMÖvwgs j¨v½y‡qR
861. Kw¤•DUvi GKgvÎ †h fvlvwU eyS‡Z cv‡i Zv nj
 [Kz. Õ09]
M †¯•ªWwkU †cÖvMÖvg N Kv÷gvBRW G¨vwc−‡Kkb
● †gwk‡bi fvlv L G¨v‡m¤^jx fvlv
883. †KvbwU D”PZi †cÖvMÖv‡gi fvlv bq? [Kz. Õ04]
M D”P ¯N‡ii fvlv N cÂg cÖR‡š§i fvlv
K BASIC L Cobol MC ● Lotus-1-2-3
862. †KvbwU wbæ¯[‡ii fvlv? [iv. Õ09] 884. †KvbwU D”P¯[‡ii fvlv bq? [P. Õ07]
K †ewmK L †Kvej M wm ● hvwš7K K BASIC L COBOL ● COMPILER N PASCAL
885. D”P¯[‡ii fvlv KZUv hš0wbf©i? [Kz. Õ03] ✔ †cÖvMÖvg iPbvi wewfbœ avc
K cy‡ivcywi L AvswkK 904. wbfzj © fv‡e †cÖvMÖvg iPbvi Rb¨ GKwU cRY©v½ †cÖvMÖvg‡K cÖavbZ Kq
M h‡š7i aib Abyhvqx AvswkK ev cy‡ivcywi ● hš7wbf©i bq av‡c wef³ Kiv nq? [iv. Õ05; Kz. Õ06; P. Õ09]
886. †KvbwU D”P¯[‡ii fvlv bq? [h. Õ10; wm. Õ10] A_ev, †cÖvMÖvg iPbvi avc KqwU? [P. Õ07]
K Pascal ● Machine language K 5wU ● 4wU M 3wU N 2wU
MC N C++ 905. †KvwWs Kiv †cÖvMÖvwgs-Gi †Kvb avc? [Kz. Õ03]
887. D”P¯[‡ii fvlv wKiƒc n‡Z cv‡i? [Xv. Õ06] K cÖ_g L wØZxq ● Z…Zxq N PZz_©
K c×wZMZ L Ae‡R± Iwi‡q‡›UW
● c×wZMZ I Ae‡R± Iwi‡q‡›UW N hš7wbf©i  cÖevnwPÎ (Flowchart)
888. †ewmK †cÖvMÖv‡gi MVb [Xv. Õ04; e. Õ10]
906. GjMwi`‡gi wPÎiƒc‡K  ejv nq. [Xv. Õ03; P. Õ06, Õ05]
K RwUj cÖK…wZi L `y‡e©va¨
A_ev, GjMwi`‡gi wPÎiƒc Kx? [Xv. Õ08]
K Bar chart L Chart M Pie chart ● Flow chart
M †gwk‡bi fvlvi mgZzj¨ ● gy³ cÖK…wZi
907. †cÖvMÖv‡gi ch©vqµwgK avcmgRn‡K wP‡Îi gva¨‡g cÖKvk Kiv‡K ejv
889. ÔwmÕ n‡”Q  [h. Õ03]
nq  [h. Õ03]
K Acv‡iwUs wm‡÷g L c¨v‡KR †cÖvMÖvg
A_ev, GjMwi`g ev wm×vš[µ‡gi avcmgR‡ni wPÎiƒc‡K ejv nq | [iv. Õ07]
● D”PZi †cÖvMÖvwgs fvlv N wbæ¯Ni †cÖvMÖvwgs fvlv K my‡Wv †KvW ● †d¬vPvU© M G¨vjMwi`g N †KvbwUB bq
[we. `ª. BASIC, C, C++, c¨vmK¨vj, †dviUªvb, †Kvej BZ¨vw` 908. †cÖvMÖv‡gi wfwË †KvbwU? [h. Õ09; Kz.Õ10, Õ07, Õ05; P. Õ10, Õ08; e. Õ10, Õ03]
†cÖvMÖvwgs fvlv‡K D”P¯N‡ii fvlv (High level language) ejv nq|] K †KvwWs L wWevwMs
890. †KvbwU m`„k¨ ● cÖevnwPÎ ev †d¬vPvU© N my‡Wv †KvW
K hvwš7K > D”P¯N‡ii fvlv > G¨v‡m¤^jx fvlv 909. †d¬vPv‡U©i welq‡K Kw¤•DUv‡ii †cÖvMÖvwgs‡qi fvlvq iƒcvš[i Kiv‡K
L hvwš7K > G¨v‡m¤^jx > D”P¯N‡ii fvlv e‡j  [wm. Õ06; e. Õ09]
● D”P¯Ni > G¨v‡m¤^jx > hvwš7K fvlv N †KvbwUB bq K my‡Wv †KvW L Gj‡Mvwi`g ● †KvwWs N wcÖ›U
891. †cÖvMÖv‡gi †Kvb fvlv hš0wbf©i bq? 910. cÖevnwPÎ n‡”Q G¨vjMwi`‡gi avc mgR‡ni
● D”P¯N‡ii fvlv L h‡š7i fvlv K eY©iƒc ● wPÎiƒc M kãiƒc N †KvbwUB bq
M G¨v‡m¤^jx fvlv N Dc‡ii †KvbwUB bq 911. †cÖvMÖvg †jLv‡K wK e‡j?
892. PC- Gi Rb¨ ˆZix cÖ_g †cÖvMÖvwgs fvlv wK? ● †KvwWs L UvBc M wWevwMs N K‡¤•vR
● BASIC L PASCAL M COBOL N FORTRAN  my‡Wv †KvW (Pesudo Code)
✔ Abyev`K †cÖvMÖvg 912. my‡Wv (Pseudo) †Kvb fvlvi kã? [Xv. Õ10, Õ07, Õ03; iv. Õ06; h. Õ05;
893. Abyev` †cÖvMÖvg KZ cÖKvi? [iv. Õ10, Õ08; Õ03; h. Õ08; Õ06, Õ04, Õ03; Kz. Õ08; wm. Õ07, Õ05, Õ03; e. Õ09]
P. Õ09, Õ06; wm. Õ10, Õ06, Õ05, Õ03; e. Õ09] A_ev, my‡Wv (Pseudo) kãwU G‡m‡Q  fvlv †_‡K| [h. Õ07; ; w`. Õ10]
K5 L7 ●2 N9 K Bs‡iwR L BZvwjq ● wMÖK N j¨vwUb
894. wb‡Pi †KvbwU Abyev`K †cÖvMÖvg? 913. my‡Wv k‡ãi A_© Kx? [Xv. Õ09; h. Õ10, Õ08; P. Õ07; wm. Õ09]
K †gvevB ● B›UvwcÖUvi M WvUv‡eR N †bUIqvK© ● QÙ L cybive„wË M msiw¶Z N c×wZ
 K¤•vBjvi 914. †cÖvMÖv‡gi aib I Kvh©vewj Zz‡j aivi Rb¨ wKQy msL¨K wb‡`©k ev
895. K¤•vBjvi nj  [wm. Õ09] †÷U‡g‡›Ui mgvnvi‡K Kx e‡j? [e. Õ03]
K Data base program L Spreadsheet program K AvmwK †KvW L BDwb‡KvW M wewmwW †KvW ● my‡Wv †KvW
M Programming language ● Translator program
 ΓwU ms‡kvab
896. †Kvb mdUIq¨vi e¨envi K‡i D”P¯[‡ii fvlv‡K hvwš0K fvlvq
915. †cÖvMÖv‡gi ΓwU ms‡kva‡bi c×wZ‡K ejv nq  [Xv. Õ10, Õ03;
iƒcvš[i Kiv nq? [wm. Õ05] iv. Õ10; h. Õ09, Õ07; Kz. Õ05; P. Õ06; wm. Õ10, Õ04; e. Õ06; w`. Õ09]
A_ev, m¤•RY© †cÖvMÖvg‡K GKev‡i hvwš0K fvlvq iƒcvš[i K‡i †Kvb †cÖvMÖvg? K Enconding L Amending ● Debugging N Correction
[iv. Õ05; e. Õ08]
A_ev, D”PZi fvlv‡K †gwkb fvlvq iƒcvš[‡ii Rb¨ e¨eüZ nq?  wPývw`i ΓwU (Syntax Error)
[h. Õ07, Õ05, Õ03; wm. Õ07] 916. fzj UvB‡ci d‡j †cÖvMÖvwgs‡qi †h ΓwU nq, Zv‡K e‡j

● K¤•vBjvi c¨vmKvj
L M G‡·j N †ewmK ● wPýwUi ΓwU L hyw³msµvšN ΓwU
897. D”P¯[‡ii fvlvq †jLv †cÖvMÖvg‡K ejv nq
 M wbe©vnRwbZ ΓwU N †KvbUvB bq
[Xv. Õ07; iv. Õ10, Õ07; h. Õ08; wm. Õ04, Õ08; e. Õ05] 917. PRINT wb‡`©‡k cÖ‡qvRbxq †Kv‡Ukb (Ò Ó) e¨envi bv Kiv †Kvb
Ae‡R± †KvW L †KvW
K ● Drm †KvW N wm¤^j †KvW ai‡bi ΓwU? [w`. Õ10]
898. K¤•vBjv‡ii gva¨‡g hvwš0K fvlvq iƒcvš[wiZ †cÖvMÖvg‡K ejv nq
 K Logical Error L Execution Error
[Kz. Õ04] ● Syntax Error N Constant Error
K Program Code L Source Code ● Object Code N Octal Code
 wbe©vnRwbZ ΓwU
899. hvwš0K fvlvq iƒcvš[wiZ †cÖvMÖvg‡K Kx ejv nq?[Xv. Õ06; Kz. Õ08; P. Õ08] 918. †cÖvMÖvg PjvKv‡j wbe©vnRwbZ ΓwU aiv co‡j Kw¤•DUvi Kx K‡i? [P. Õ04]
K †mvm© †KvW ● Ae‡R± †KvW M my‡Wv †KvW N BDwb †KvW
K †cÖvMÖvg eÜ K‡i †`q L cybivq †cÖvMÖvg wjL‡Z e‡j
900. m¤•RY© †cÖvMÖvg‡K GKmv‡_ hvwš0K fvlvq iƒcvš[i K‡i †KvbwU?[e. Õ08] ● ΓwU evZ©v cÖ`k©b K‡i N Kw¤•DUvi wb‡RB ï× K‡i †bq
● K¤•vBjvi L B›UviwcÖUi M WvUvdvBj N †ewmK
 hyw³ msµvš[ ΓwU
 B›Uvi‡cÖUvi 919. hyw³ msµvš[ ΓwUi KviY¸‡jvi g‡a¨ D‡j−L‡hvM¨ †KvbwU?
901. B›Uvi‡cÖUvi Kx? [Xv. Õ05; iv. Õ09; h. Õ09; Kz. Õ10; e. Õ07]
● Print wb‡`©k L interger M Doube dvskb N aªe “ Kgvb
A_ev, B›Uvi‡cÖUvi †Kvb ai‡bi †cÖvMÖvg? [Xv. Õ09]
K Drm †KvW L Ae‡R± †KvW ● Abyev`K N wPýv`x ✔ †cÖvMÖvwgs fvlvi wKQy cÖ‡qvRbxq kã ev Uvg©
902. †Kvb Abyev`K †cÖvMÖvgwU GKwU †cÖvMÖv‡gi cÖwZwU jvBb wfbœ wfbœfv‡e  aª“eK (Constant)
ch©vqµ‡g Abyev` K‡i Ges wbe©vn K‡i _v‡K? [e. Õ03] 920. GKwU A_©cRY© bvg hv †cÖvMÖv‡g †Kvb AcwieZ©bkxj w÷ªs ev MvwYwZK
K G¨v‡m¤^wj L wi‡mvm© †kqvwis ● B›UviwcÖUvi N K¤•vBjvi gvb msi¶Y K‡i Zv‡K ejv nq . [iv. Õ07]
903. †Kvb jvB‡b fzj aiv co‡j B›UviwcÖUvi Kx K‡i? [Kz. Õ09] K PjK ● aª“eK M †KvwWs N my‡Wv †KvW
K fzj ms‡kvab K‡i L ms‡KZ †`q 921. wfRy¨qvj †ewm‡K Kq ai‡bi aª“eK i‡q‡Q? [Xv. Õ05; iv. Õ10; P. Õ06; e. Õ07]
● †_‡g hvq N wKQyB K‡i bv K GK ai‡bi ● `yB ai‡bi M wZb ai‡bi N Pvi ai‡bi
 PjK (Variable) 943. †Kvb¸‡jv wfRy¨qvj †ewm‡Ki msiw¶Z kã? [iv. Õ08]
922. Pj‡Ki bv‡g †Kvb K¨v‡i±i e¨envi Kiv hv‡e? [Xv. Õ07; Kz. Õ08; wm. Õ06] ● On, Option, Optional L No, Not, Neither
K Kgv (,) L †Kvjb (t) M Pen, Put, Pet N Clear, Command, Combo
M †mwg‡Kvjb (;) ● AvÛvi‡¯‹vi (−) 944. LET, DATA, END, READ, SIN, COS G¸‡jv wK‡mi msiw¶Z kã?
923. wb‡Pi †Kvb&wU Pj‡Ki bvgKi‡Yi Rb¨ mwVK bq? [h. Õ04] K K¤•vBjv‡ii L B›Uvi †cÖUv‡ii
K bv‡gi ïi“‡Z †Kvb msL¨v e¨envi Kiv hv‡e bv ● †ewmK †cÖvMÖvwgs-Gi N Dc‡ii †Kv‡bvwU bq
L bv‡g Kgv (,) e¨envi Kiv hv‡e bv 945. †KvbwU wfRy¨qvj †ewm‡Ki msiw¶Z kã bq? [Kz. Õ06]
M bv‡g †Kvjb (:) e¨envi Kiv hv‡e bv K As ● Again M Next N Else
● bv‡g AvÛvi‡¯‹vi (−) e¨envi Kiv hv‡e bv 946.  wfRy¨qvj †ewm‡Ki msiw¶Z kã bq| [e. Õ10, Õ05]
924. Visual basic †cÖvMÖvwgs-Gi cÖvY †KvbwU? [Xv. Õ08] ● CPU L Data M For N Input
● Variable L Data type M Event N Operator 947. †KvbwU wfRy¨qvj †ewmK fvlvq msiw¶Z kã? [iv. Õ09]
925. wfRy¨qvj †ewm‡K PjK †NvlYvi Rb¨ †Kvb KgvÊ e¨envi Kiv hvq? K COBOL ● Let M LISP N LOGO
948. †dviUªvb n‡”Q [Xv. Õ04]
K PRINT L CMD M Msg Box ● DIM A_ev, †dviUªvb Kx? [P. Õ08]
 WvUv UvBc K c¨v‡KR md&UIq¨vi ● †cÖvMÖvwgs j¨vs¸‡qR
926. eywjqvb WvUv-UvBc Gi wd‡ìi AvKvi KZ? [Kz. Õ07; wm. Õ08; e. Õ04] M Acv‡iwUs wm‡÷g N †¯•ªWwmU †cÖvMÖvg
K 1 evBU ● 2 evBU M 4 evBU N 8 evBU 949. 1964 mv‡j †Kvb `yBRb wk¶K †ewmK fvlvi D™¢veb K‡ib? [e. Õ04]
927. wm‡½j WvUv UvBc-Gi AvKvi KZ? [P. Õ08; e. Õ08]
A_ev, gRj †ewmK †cÖvMÖvwgs mdUIq¨vi ˆZwi K‡ib  [Kz. Õ04]
K 1 evBU L 2 evBU M 3 evBU ● 4 evBU K †e−BR c¨vm‡Kj Ges W. w÷werR L m¨vgy‡qj gij¨vÛ Ges g{jvi
928. WvUv UvBc †Wwm‡gj n‡j Gi wd‡ìi AvKvi KZ? [Xv. Õ06] ● wg. Rb wR †Kwgwb I wg. Ugvm B KvU©R
K 2 evBU L 4 evBU M 8 evBU ● 14 evBU M wg. gwim DBjwKm Ges wg. GBP †Mv‡ì÷vBb
929. wb‡Pi †KvbwU Ae‡R± Iwi‡q›UW †cÖvMÖvwgs Gi wfw˯^iƒc bq? 950. wfRy¨qvj †ewm‡K cÖwZwU bZzb KvR‡K Kx e‡j? [Kz. Õ09]
[Xv. Õ05; e. Õ07] K wbD WKz‡g›U L K‡›Uªvj M †g_W ● cÖ‡R±
K †cÖvcvwU© L B‡f›U M †g_W ● w÷ªs 951. wfRy¨qvj †ewmK †Kvb ai‡bi fvlv? [P. Õ05]
930. evBU †WUv UvB‡ci AvKvi Kxiƒc? [Kz. Õ10] K wbæ ¯N‡ii fvlv L ga¨g ¯N‡ii fvlv
● 1 evBU L 2 evBU M 4 evBU N 8 evBU ● D”P¯N‡ii fvlv N hvwš7K fvlv
931. BOOLEAN WvUvi AvKvi KZ?  †cÖvMÖvg ÷vU© Kiv
K 1 evBU ● 2 evBU M 3 evBU N 4 evBU 952. †Kvb †Kv¤•vwb KZ mv‡j wfRy¨qvj †ewmK †cÖvMÖvg evRviRvZ K‡i?
932. WvUv UvBc Boolean Gi wcÖwd· wK? [P. Õ04]
K Bol L boln ● bln N blne
A_ev, wfRy¨qvj †ewmK evRviRvZ K‡i †Kvb †Kv¤•vwb? [Kz. Õ09]
933. Date type (WvUv UvBc) Data Gi AvKvi KZ?
K G Gb Gm AvB, 1978 L Rvcvwb eymvKg, 1998
K 2 evBU L 4 evBU ● 8 evBU N 10 evBU
● gvB‡µvmd&U K‡c©v‡ikb, 1991 N Bb‡Uj †Kv¤•vwb, 1995
934. †Uwj‡dvb b¤^i †Kvb ai‡bi WvUv UvBc? [Xv. Õ10]
● Number L Text M Currency N Value
953. wfRy¨qvj †ewmK †Kvb mv‡j evRv‡i Qvov nq?
A_ev, gvB‡µvmdU Ki‡cv‡ikb KZ mv‡j Visul BASIC-Gi cÖ_g
✔ †cÖvcvwU© B‡f›U †g_W ms¯‹iY evRv‡i Qv‡o? [Xv. Õ03; Kz. Õ04; P. Õ09; wm. Õ03; w`. Õ09]
 †cÖvcvwU© A_ev, KZ mv‡j wfRy¨qvj †ewmK evRviRvZ Kiv nq? [P. Õ08; e. Õ05]
935. wfRy¨qvj †ewmK cwiPvjbvq KqwU †gvW i‡q‡Q? [iv. Õ07, Õ04] A_ev, Visual BASIC-Gi cÖ_g ms¯‹iY KLb evRviRvZ Kiv nq? [Xv. Õ07]
K 2wU ● 3wU M 4wU N 5wU K 1960 L 1964 ● 1991 N 1987
936. †cÖvMÖv‡gi B›Uvi‡dm ˆZwi Kivi Rb¨ d‡g© K‡›Uªvj ¯’vcb Kiv nq 954. wfRy¨qvj †ewmK †cÖvMÖvwgs‡qi wbR¯^ kãvewji Aš[fz³ ©  [iv. Õ06]
†KvbwU‡Z? [Kz. Õ03] K Come On ● Go To M Do It N Go Again
● wWRvBb †gv‡W L ivb †gv‡W M e−¨vK †gv‡W N †KvW DB‡Ûv‡Z
 †cÖvMÖvg eÜ Kiv
937. †cÖvMÖv‡gi †Kvb fvlv hš0wbf©i bq?
● D”P¯N‡ii fvlv L h‡š7i fvlv
955. wfRy¨qvj †ewmK eÜ Kivi Rb¨ †Kvb KgvÛ e¨envi nq? [Kz. Õ08]
● Alt + Q L Ctrl + Q M Alt + X N Ctrl + X
M G¨v‡m¤^jx fvlv N Dc‡ii †KvbwUB bq
956. wfRy¨qvj †ewmK eÜ Kivi Rb¨ File †gby †_‡K †h KgvÛ wm‡j±
 B‡f›U Ki‡Z n‡e 
938. wfRy¨qvj †ewmK †cÖvMÖvwgs fvlvi cÖavb j¶¨ nj [P. Õ04] K Stop L Close M End ● Exit
K DB‡ÛvRwfwËK RwUj †cÖvMÖvg iPbv Kiv ✔ wfRy¨qvj †ewm‡Ki †gŠwjK welqmgRn
● `ª“Z I mnR DB‡ÛvRwfwËK †cÖvMÖvg iPbv Kiv 957. Cut, Copy, Paste BZ¨vw` KgvÛ †Kvb †gbyi Aax‡b i‡q‡Q?
M B‡f›U cÖwmwWDi-Gi gva¨‡g †QvU †cÖvMÖvg eo Kiv
K di‡gU L wfD ● GwWU N BbmvU©
N GB fvlvq †Kvb mnR †cÖvMÖvg iPbv Kiv hvq bv 958. †U·U e· Kx?
939. wfRy¨qvj †ewm‡Ki cÖ‡R‡± e¨eüZ Ae‡R±‡K Kx ejv nq? ● K‡›Uªvj L †cÖvcvwU© M †g_W N B‡f›U
[Kz. Õ05; e. Õ07, Õ03]
959. †gbyev‡ii wb‡Pi Avbyf‚wgK Aci †h eviwU i‡q‡Q Gi bvg−
− [iv. Õ04]
● cÖwmwWDi L K‡¤•vwRUvi M wdì N K‡¤•v‡b›U ● Uzjevi L UvB‡Ujevi M Uv¯‹evi N †¯Œvjevi
 †g_W ✔ Uzje‡· Aew¯’Z wKQy wWdë Uzj
940. wb‡Pi †KvbwUi Af¨š[ixY cÖwmwWDi nj †g_W? 960. di‡g Aew¯’Z †Kv‡bv Qwe ¯’vcb Kivi Rb¨ wb‡Pi †Kvb UzjwU
● wfRy¨qvj †ewmK L B‡f›U M †cÖvcvwU© N WvUv UvBc
e¨eüZ nq?
941. cÖwZwU Ae‡R‡±i wbw`©ó wKQy  i‡q‡Q| ● Picture Box L Combo Box M Driverlist Box N Dirlist Box
● †g_W L msiw¶Z kã M †cÖvcvwU© N B‡f›U
 K‡›Uªvj jK Kiv I jK †_‡K gy³ Kiv
✔ msiw¶Z kã 961. Lock Control Toggle †Kv_v n‡Z wm‡j± Ki‡Z nq?
942. wfRy¨qvj †ewm‡K msiw¶Z k‡ãi Aš[fz©³ n‡”Q  [wm. Õ04] ● Form Editor Toolbar L Format
● CREATE L COME ON M DO IT N GO TO M Combo Box N Image
 †cÖvcvwU©R DB‡Ûv  MsgBox dvskb
962. †cÖvcvwU©R DB‡Ûvi ïi“‡Z wK _v‡K? 983. vbOKOnly aª“e‡Ki gvb KZ? [wm. Õ08]
● UvB‡Uj evi L wj÷ e· M †¯Œvj evi N †U·U e· ●0 L2 M3 N 4
963. Combo Box Gi msw¶ß bvg Kx? 984. vbOKCancel aª“e‡Ki gvb KZ? [Kz. Õ07]
A_ev, wfRy¨qvj †ewmK G e¨eüZ Combo Box Ae‡R‡±i bvg Kx? K0 ●1 M2 N3
[iv. Õ08; Kz. Õ06; e. Õ06] 985. is e¨envi Kivi Rb¨ †Kvb dvskb e¨envi Kiv nq?
K Com L Cmb M Cmd ● Cbo K RGB () dvskb ● QB Color () dvskb
M Aqr () dvskb N Val () dvskb
 dig †j-AvDU DB‡Ûv
964. wfRy¨qvj †ewm‡Ki MÖvwdK¨vj DBRvi B›Uvi‡K‡mi cÖavb Gwj‡g›U Kx? ✔ A¨v‡i I dvskb
● dig L dvBj M WvUv N †gby  A¨v‡i (Array)
986. A¨v‡i wK?
 BwgwW‡qU DB‡Ûv
K ayeK ● PjK M B‡f›U N dvskb
965. wb‡Pi †KvbwU BwgwW‡qU DB‡Ûv wn‡m‡e cwiwPZ?
K dig †j-AvDU DB‡Ûv L †cÖvcvwU©R DB‡Ûv
987. A¨v‡i †NvlYvi mgq Gi  †NvlYv Ki‡Z nq|
K bvg L WvUv UvBc
● wWevM DB‡Ûv N e−yUz_
M dvskb ● bvg I WvUv UvBc
966. BwgwW‡qU DB‡Ûvi cÖavb KvR Kx?
● wWevwMs Kiv L Acv‡iU Kiv  dvskb (Function)
M †cÖvMÖvg eÜ Kiv N dvskb wm‡j± Kiv 988. wfRy¨qvj †ewm‡Ki dvskb bq

✔ MvwYwZK, wi‡jkbvj I jwRK¨vj Acv‡iU‡ii e¨envi K Date ( ) ● End ( ) M Val ( ) N Abs ()
967. wfRy¨qvj †ewm‡K cÖavbZ Kq ai‡bi Acv‡iUi e¨envi Kiv nq? 989. cybive„wËgRjK †÷U‡g›U †KvbwU? [P. Õ10]
K IF ...... Then ● DO ...... LOOP
M Select Case N IF ...... Then ...... Else
K 2wU ● 3wU M 1wU N 4wU 990. jy‡c †÷U‡g›U Kvh©Ki nIqvi msL¨v Rvbv _vK‡j e¨envi Kiv hvq−

968. Visual BASIC-G mvaviYZ  ai‡bi Operator e¨envi Kiv ● For...... Next L For Each Next
nq| [P. Õ03] M IF ..... Then N IF ..... Then ...... Else
K1 L2 ●3 N4
 MvwYwZK Acv‡iUi
Kw¤•DUvi †bUIqvK© I B›Uvi‡bU
969. MvwYwZK Acv‡iUi †KvbwU? 991. ci¯•i Z_¨ Av`vb-cÖ`vb Kivi KvRwU hLb †Kvb Kw¤•DUvi
K +, − L *, / ● me¸‡jv N †KvbwUB bq e¨e¯’vq Kiv nq, ZLb Zv‡K Kx e‡j?
970. G‡·j †cÖvMÖv‡g ¸Y Gi Rb¨ †Kvb wPýwU e¨envi Kiv nq? [Kz. Õ06; e. Õ06] K B›Uvi‡bU L ci¯•i mshy³ msMVb
K+ L× M/ ●* ● †bUIqvK© N evm msMVb
971. †KvbwU MvwYwZK Acv‡iUi? [w`. Õ10] 992. hLb †Kv‡bv Kw¤•DUvi e¨e¯’vq ci¯•i Z_¨ Av`vb-cÖ`vb Kivi
K> L= ●+ N< KvRwU Kiv nq ZLb Zv‡K e‡j 
972. †KvbwU MvwYwZK Acv‡iUi bq? [wm. Õ10] K †Uwj‡dvb L †UwjMÖvd M B›Uvi‡bU ● †bUIqvK©
K
− L/ ●= N+ 993. Kw¤•DUv‡ii cvi¯•wiK †hvMv‡hvM‡K ejv nq

[h. Õ10, Õ08; iv. Õ06; wm. Õ10]
 wi‡jkbvj Acv‡iUi Kd¨v· L g‡Wg ● †bUIqvK© N nvBI‡q
973. wfRy¨qvj †ewm‡K wi‡jkbvj Acv‡iUi KqwU? [h. Õ06] 994. †bUIqvK© nj [iv. Õ03]
K 2wU ● 6wU M 8wU N 10wU K Kw¤•DUv‡i Z_¨ msi¶Y Kiv L Kw¤•DUv‡i Z_¨ web¨vm Kiv
974. mgRvZxq Dcv`v‡bi Zzjbv Kivi Rb¨ wfRyq¨vj †ewm‡K †Kvb ● Kw¤•DUv‡ii AvšNt †hvMv‡hvM N WvK †hvMv‡hvM
Acv‡iUi e¨envi Kiv nq? [Kz. Õ07] 995. hLb †Kv‡bv Kw¤•DUvi e¨envi K‡i mgwóMZfv‡e KvR K‡ib
● wi‡jkbvj L MvwYwZK M And Acv‡iUi N Or Acv‡iUi ZLb A‡bK Avbylw½K hš0cvwZB fvMvfvwM K‡i e¨envi Ki‡Z
975. wi‡jkbvj Acv‡iUi †KvbwU? [iv. Õ09, Õ06; e. Õ03] cv‡ib| GUv e¨enviKvixi Rb¨ GKwU

K + Acv‡iUi L − Acv‡iUi ● > Acv‡iUi N And Acv‡iUi ● myweav L Amyweav M DfqB N GKwUI bv
976. GKwU wi‡jkb¨vj Acv‡iUi n‡”Q  [h. Õ10; wm. Õ09; e. Õ05] ✔ †bUIqv‡K©i cÖKvi‡f`
K+ ●= M÷ N NOT 996. Kw¤•DUvimgR‡ni †fŠ‡MvwjK Ae¯’vb we‡ePbv Ki‡j Kw¤•DUv‡ii
977. < = †Kvb ai‡bi Acv‡iUi? [Xv. Õ06] †bUIqvK© n‡Z cv‡i
 [Xv. Õ07; h. Õ05; wm. Õ08; e. Õ04]
K MvwYwZK ● wi‡jkbvj M jwRK¨vj N Kg A_ev mgvb A_ev, Kw¤•DUvi †bUIqvK© KZ cÖKvi?
978. Avmgvb Gi ms‡KZ wPý nÕj  [Xv. Õ10; iv. Õ03; Kz. Õ08; P. Õ09; e. Õ10; w`. Õ09]
● <> L >< M <= N => ● `y cÖKvi wZb cÖKvi M cuvP cÖKvi N Pvi cÖKvi
L
 jwRK¨vj Acv‡iUi 997. †bUIqvK©‡K †hfv‡e wefvRb Kiv hvq Zv nj
K K¬v‡q›U mvf©vi †bUIqvK© L †jvKvj Gwiqv †bUIqvK©
979. wb‡Pi †KvbwU wfRy¨qvj †ewm‡K jwRK¨vj Acv‡iUi bq? [h. Õ04]
K AND Operator L OR Operator M IqvBW Gwiqv †bUIqvK© ●LIM
M XOR Operator ● X-NOR Operator 998. LAN Øviv eySvq  [Xv. Õ04]
980. jwRK¨vj Acv‡iUi †KvbwU? [Kz. Õ05] K js Gwiqv †bUIqvK© L jwRK Gwiqv †bUIqvK©
K+ L− M> ● NOT ● †jvKvj Gwiqv †bUIqvK© N GKwUI bv
999. WAN Øviv †evSvq 
✔ BbcyU AvDUcyU msµvš[ wb‡`©kvewj ● IqvBW Gwiqv †bUIqvK© L IqvBW Gw›U †bUIqvK©
981. BbcyU I AvDUcyU wb‡`©k Kvh©Ki Kivi Rb¨ e¨eüZ nq
 M IqvK© Gw›U †bUIqvK© N GKwUI bv
K Input Box cvskb L Msg Box dvskb 1000. †KvbwU †bUIqvK© bq? [w`. Õ10]
M Msg Box cÖwmwWDi ● me¸‡jv K LAN ● WWW M WAN N MAN
 Input Box dvskb 1001. †hme †bUIqvK© `RieZx© ¯’vbmgR‡ni Rb¨ Kiv nq Zv‡K Kx ejv
982. Input Box dvskbwUi WvqvjM e‡· we`¨gvb nq? [iv. Õ07]
K OK KgvÛ L Cancel KgvÛ M Apply KgvÛ ● K I L ● WAN L LAN M MAN N ARPA net
1002. GK Kw¤•DUv‡ii mv‡_ Ab¨ Kw¤•DUv‡ii ms‡hv‡Mi gva¨g Kq  kvLv-cÖkvLv msMVb
ai‡bi n‡Z cv‡i? [Xv. Õ06] 1023. ÷vi msMV‡bi m¤•ªmvwiZ iƒc wm. Õ03]
● `yB L wZb M Pvi N cuvP K wis msMVb L evm msMVb
1003. GKvwaK Kw¤•DUv‡ii g‡a¨ ms‡hvMKvix gva¨g KZ cÖKv‡ii n‡Z ● kvLv-cÖkvLv msMVb N msKi msMVb
cv‡i? [h. Õ06]  ci¯•i mshy³ msMVb
●2 L3 M4 N5 1024. †Kvb msMV‡bi †bUIqv‡K© cÖwZwU Kw¤•DUvi ci¯•i mshy³ _v‡K?
1004. †bUIqvK© wm‡÷‡g e¨eüZ cÖavb Kw¤•DUvi‡K Kx e‡j? K evm msMVb L wis msMVb
[Xv. Õ10; h. Õ03; Kz. Õ05; P. Õ05] ● ci¯•i mshy³ msMVb N msKi msMVb
K K¤•vBjvi L Uvwg©bvj ● mvf©vi N IqvK© †÷kb
 msKi msMVb
✔ †jvKvj Gwiqv †bUIqv‡K©i U‡cvjwR 1025. GKvwaK †bUIqvK© msMV‡bi mgš^‡q MwVZ msMVb‡K e‡j 
1005. wb‡Pi †KvbwU †bUIqvK© U‡cvjwR bq? [Xv. Õ03; P. Õ05] K kvLv-cÖkvLv msMVb L ci¯•i m¤•K©h³ y msMVb
K ÷vi msMVb L evm msMVb ● UªvK msMVb N wis msMVb ● msKi msMVb N B›Uvi‡bU
1006. bx‡Pi †KvbwU †bUIqvK© U‡cvjwR bq? [e. Õ10] 1026. †gwKb‡Uvk Kw¤•DUv‡i e¨eüZ †bUIqvK© c×wZi bvg wK?
K Bus L Star M Ring ● Car K B_vi‡bU L B›Uvi‡bU M Acv‡i›U ● †jvKvj UK
1007. wb‡Pi †KvbwU LAN Ges Topology bq? [iv. Õ09; P. Õ03] ✔ †jvKvj Gwiqv †bUIqv‡K©i Rb¨ cÖ‡qvRbxq nvW©Iq¨vi I mdUIq¨vi
K BUS L STAR M RING ● CAR 1027. †jvKvj Gwiqv †bUIqvK© ¯’vc‡bi Rb¨ Kq ai‡bi nvW©Iq¨vi
1008. wb‡Pi †KvbwU †jvKvj Gwiqv †bUIqv‡K©i msMVb bq? [h. Õ04] e¨envi Kiv nq?
K evm msMVb ● †WjUv msMVb M ÷vi msMVb N wis msMVb K1 ● 2 M4 N6
1009. U‡cvjwR Kx? [Xv. Õ07] 1028. Zv‡ii mvnv‡h¨ †bUIqvK©fz³ Kw¤•DUv‡i ms‡hvM ¯’vc‡bi Rb¨
K wcÖ›Uv‡ii msMVb L Zv‡ii msMVb e¨eüZ nq †KvbwU?
M †Uwj‡dv‡bi msMVb ● †bUIqv‡K©i msMVb K Gw›Ubv L wWk jvBb ● †bUIqvK© KvW© N †eZvi
1010. †bUIqvK©fz³ Kw¤•DUvimgR‡ni Ae¯’vMZ Ges ms‡hvM web¨vm‡K
e‡j [iv. Õ04; Kz. Õ05; P. Õ05; wm. Õ03]  IqvBW Gwiqv ev `RieZx© †bUIqv‡K©i hš0cvwZ
A_ev, †bUIqv‡K©i msMVb ejv nq †KvbwU‡K? [Kz. Õ09] 1029. `RieZx© †bUIqvK© e¨e¯’vi Rb¨ †Kvb e¨e¯’v MÖnY Kiv n‡q _v‡K?
K wWfvBm L B›Uvi‡bU M wgwWqv ● U‡cvjwR K wf-m¨vU L IqvBg¨v· M 3wR ● meKwU
1011. †jvKvj Gwiqv †bUIqv‡K© cÖavbZ KqwU msMVb i‡q‡Q? [h. Õ06] ✔ B›Uvi‡b‡Ui aviYv I BwZnvm
● 6wU L 4wU M 2wU N 8wU 1030. we‡k¦i eo eo MÖš’vMvi, wek¦we`¨vjq I M‡elYv cÖwZôv‡bi mv‡_
Z_¨ Av`vb-cÖ`v‡bi Rb¨ †Kvb c×wZ e¨eüZ nq? [wm. Õ05]
 evm msMVb
● B›Uvi‡bU L d¨v· M Bb‡Uj N †dvb
1012. ÔevmÕ msMV‡b †KvbwU _v‡K bv? [Xv. Õ08]
1031. Z_¨ Av`vb-cÖ`vb I †hvMv‡hvM ¯’vc‡bi G e¨e¯’vwU B›Uvi‡bU
K i¨vg L wmwcBD ● †nv÷ Kw¤•DUvi N ig bv‡g AwfwnZ n‡Z ïi“ K‡i  wm. Õ04]
1013. wb‡Pi †KvbwU †jvKvj Gwiqv †bUIqv‡K©i U‡cvjwR? [w`. Õ09] ● 1994 mv‡j L 1995 mv‡j M 2000 mv‡j N 2003 mv‡j
● evm U‡cvjwR L Kvi U‡cvjwR M †Wëv U‡cvjwR N eª¨vK U‡cvjwR 1032. B›Uvi‡bU kãwU cÖ_g e¨eüZ nq 
 wis msMVb [Xv. Õ03; iv. Õ10, Õ08; h. Õ09, Õ07; Kz. Õ07; w`. Õ10]
1014. †bUIqv‡K©i wis-msMVb n‡”Q  [Xv. Õ09; wm. Õ05] A_ev, B›Uvi‡bU kãwU me©cÖ_g KLb †_‡K e¨vcKfv‡e e¨eüZ I cwiwPwZ
● e„ËvKvi L wÎfzR AvK…wZi jvf K‡i _v‡K? P. Õ06]
M wW¤^vKvi N PZzfz©R AvK…wZi K 1990 mv‡j L 1992 mv‡j ● 1994 mv‡j N 1995 mv‡j
1015. IqvK©wmU wcÖ›U Kivi Rb¨ dvBj †gbyi †Kvb KgvÛ e¨envi Ki‡Z 1033. B›Uvi‡b‡Ui cÖK…Z hvÎv ïi“ nq KZ mv‡j? [wm. Õ06]
nq? [iv. Õ10] K 1954 ● 1969 M 1974 N 1990
K Ok L Save ● Print N Cancel
1034. Kw¤•DUvi †bUIqv‡K©i RM‡Z cÖ_g c`‡¶c  [iv. Õ06]
K NSF net ● ARPAnet M WAN N ISDN
1016. cÖwZwU Kw¤•DUvi Zvi `yB w`‡Ki `yBwU Kw¤•DUv‡ii m‡½ mshy³
1035. Z_¨ Av`vb-cÖ`v‡bi Rb¨ B›Uvi‡b‡U wKQy Af¨š[ixY wbqg-bxwZ
_v‡K
i‡q‡Q| G wbqg-bxwZ¸‡jv‡K ejv nq
. [iv. Õ07]
K evm msMV‡b ● wis msMV‡b M ÷vi msMV‡b N †M−ve msMV‡b
K †bUIqvK© L B›Uvi‡bU ● cÖ‡UvKj N B-†gBj
1017. †Kvb msMV‡bi †bUIqvK© n‡”Q e„ËvKvi? [e. Õ04]
1036. `ywU cÖ‡UvKj nj

K evm msMVb ● wis msMVb M ÷vi msMVb N †M−ve msMVb
K UUCP, UPC ● UUCP, PCP/IP M PCP/IP, UPS N UUCP, IP
1018. †Kvb U‡cvjwR‡Z †Kvb †nv÷ Kw¤•DUvi _v‡K bv? [Xv. Õ06]
1037. UUCP cÖ‡UvKjwUi cRY© bvg Kx? P. Õ04]
K ÷vi U‡cvjwR L msKi U‡cvjwR
K Under UNIX Communication Program
● wis U‡cvjwR N kvLv cÖkvLv U‡cvjwR ● UNIX to UNIX Copy Program
 ÷vi msMVb M Under UNIX Copy Program
1019. GKwU †K›`ªxq wbqš0YKvix Kw¤•DUv‡ii m‡½ GKvwaK Kw¤•DUvi N Undeveloped UNIX Communication Program
mshy³ nIqvi msMVb‡K Kx e‡j? [iv. Õ05] 1038. G-II-Gi cRY©iƒc wK? [P. Õ10]
K msKi msMVb ● ÷vi msMVb M evm msMVb N wis msMVb ● Global Information Infrastructure
L Global Internet Information
1020. †bUIqvK© wm‡÷‡g e¨eüZ cÖavb Kw¤•DUvi‡K ejv nq 
M Global International Internet
[h. Õ03; Kz. Õ05; P. Õ05]
N Global International Information
IqvK© †÷kb ● mvf©vi
K M g‡Wg N K¬v‡q›U
1039. KZ mvj †_‡K B›Uvi‡b‡Ui Kvh©µg ïi“ nq? [Xv. Õ08; wm. Õ05, Õ03]
1021. †bUIqv‡K©i †Kvb ai‡bi msMV‡b †nv÷ Kw¤•DUvi Acwinvh©?
K 1994 ● 1990 M 1987 N 1985
[Kz. Õ06; P. Õ04]
1040. Z_¨ cÖev‡ni bZzb `ywbqvi bvg Kx? [Xv. Õ05]
● ÷vi msMVb wis msMVb
L
A_ev, B›Uvi‡bUwfwËK †Kvb e¨e¯’vq me ai‡bi Z_¨ Aš[f©³
y _v‡K?
M evm msMVb ci¯•i mshy³ msMVb
N
[Kz. Õ10, Õ08; P. Õ08; wm. Õ07]
1022. †Kvb msMV‡bi †bUIqvK©fz³ Kw¤•DUvi¸‡jv ci¯•‡ii g‡a¨ K LAN L WAN M WWW ● GII
mivmwi ms‡KZ Av`vb-cÖ`vb Ki‡Z cv‡i bv? [Kz.Õ07, Õ04] 1041. B›Uvi‡bUwfwËK Kw¤•DUvi Z_¨ e¨e¯’v M‡o Zz‡j‡Q|
K wis msMVb L evm msMVb M msKi msMVb ● ÷vi msMVb K GIC ● GII M GGI N GCC
 B›Uvi‡bU WKz‡g›U ✔ †bUIqvK© wVKvbv
1042. FTP-Gi A_© [iv. Õ09, Õ06; h. Õ10; P. Õ09, Õ03; e. Õ07] 1063. †Kv‡bv e¨w³ ev cÖwZôvb B›Uvi‡b‡Ui mv‡_ mshy³ n‡Z n‡j Zvi wK
K First Telephone Program L Find Telephone Program _vK‡Z n‡e?
M First Transfer Protocol ● File Transfer Protocol K e¨vsK GKvD›U ● B›Uvi‡bU GKvD›U
1043. †KvbwU B›Uvi‡b‡Ui mv‡_ m¤•K©hy³? [h. Õ07] M weI GKvD›U N wfmv KvW©
K Webpage L Gopher M FTP file ● me¸‡jv 1064. WWW ej‡Z Kx eySvq? [Xv. Õ10; h. Õ10; P. Õ06; wm. Õ09; e. Õ09]
1044. B›Uvi‡bU WKz‡g›U [iv. Õ03] K World Wide Weather L World Wide Wave
K Work Page, Work Sheet L Webpage, Work Sheet ● World Wide Web N World Wide Water
● Webpage, Gopher, FTP file N FTP file, Result Sheet, Gopher 1065. †Kvb †`‡ki weÁvwbMY WWW bv‡gi e¨e¯’vwU cÖ_g D™¢veb
1045. †KvbwU B›Uvi‡bU WKz‡g›U bq? [wm. Õ09] K‡ib? [Kz. Õ09; e. Õ05]
K Webpage L Gopher M FTP file ● Modem K hy³ivóª L hy³ivR¨ ● myBRvij¨vÛ N myB‡Wb
1046. B›Uvi‡bU WKz‡g›U-Gi wVKvbv‡K Kx e‡j? [Kz. Õ10, Õ07; P. Õ08] 1066. I‡q‡ei cÖwZwU wVKvbv ïi“ nq †KvbwU w`‡q? [Kz. Õ09]
● URL L ISP M GII N Netizen ● HTTP L HTML M TLD N URL
1047. B›Uvi‡bU WKz‡g›U †KvbwU? [Kz. Õ05] 1067. KZ mv‡j gvK© GwÛªmb Ô†gvRvBKÕ bv‡gi eªvDRvi ˆZwi K‡ib? [h. Õ05]
K ISP ● Gopher M GII N www
A_ev, †gvRvBK ˆZwi nq
 [iv. 04]
 †bwU‡Rb K 1992 ● 1993 M 1995 N 1997
1048. B›Uvi‡bU GKvD›U MÖnYKvix‡`i Kx e‡j? [Kz. Õ05; wm. Õ06; e. Õ03; w`. Õ10] 1068. †K 1993 mv‡j Ô†gvRvBKÕ bvgK GKwU eªvDRvi cÖ_g ˆZwi K‡ib?
K wmwU‡Rb L †gwU‡Rb ● †bwU‡Rb N †jwU‡Rb [Kz. Õ06, Õ04; e. Õ03]
1049. †bwU‡Rb gv‡b nj  K Rb †K‡gwb ● gvK© GwÛªmb M Ugvm KzU©R N w÷e Rem
K †Kv‡bv †`‡ki bvMwiK L †Kv‡bv †`k †_‡K weZvwoZ 1069. cÖ_g Avwe®‹…Z eªvDRv‡ii bvg Kx? [iv. Õ09; wm. Õ04; e. Õ10, Õ08, Õ06; w`. Õ09]
● B›Uvi‡bU we‡k¦i bvMwiK N AvšNR©vwZK bvMwiK A_ev, 1993 mv‡j D™¢vweZ cÖ_g eªvDRv‡ii bvg Kx wQj? [Xv. Õ09, Õ06]
✔ B›Uvi‡bU ms‡hvM wb‡Z hv hv cÖ‡qvRb nq A_ev, wb‡Pi †KvbwU B›Uvi‡bU eªvDRv‡ii bvg? [e. Õ09]
1050. †KvbwU B›Uvi‡bU ms‡hvMKvix hš0 bq? [e. Õ07] ● †gvRvBK (Mosaic) L †bwf‡Mkb (Navigation)
K g‡Wg L †Uwj‡dvb jvBb M mdUIq¨vi ● c−Uvi M gvB‡µvmd&U IqvW© N B›Uvi‡bU G·‡c−vivi
1051. g‡Wg GKwU  [w`. Õ09] 1070. B›Uvi‡b‡Ui I‡qe †cRmgRn eªvDR Kivi Rb¨ †h cÖ‡UvKj e¨envi
K wmwcBD Gi Ask L D”P ¶gZvm¤•bœ wcÖ›Uvi Kiv nq Zv n‡”Q?
● Z_¨ Av`vb-cÖ`v‡bi hš7 N WU †gwUª· wcÖ›Uvi ● http L ftp M Udp N cp
1052. B›Uvi‡bU ms‡hvM wb‡Z wb‡Pi †Kvb hš7wUi cÖ‡qvRb †bB? [iv. Õ10; P. Õ06]  I‡qe †cR I Ab jvBb G¨vwc−‡Kkb
K Kw¤•DUvi L g‡Wg ● BDwcGm N AvBGmwc 1071. Ab jvBb A¨vwc−‡Kk‡bi gva¨‡g cY¨ mvgMÖx µ‡qi †¶‡Î †KvbwU
1053. B›Uvi‡b‡Ui Rb¨ †KvbwU cÖ‡qvRb †bB? [iv. Õ05] cÖ‡qvRb nq?
K g‡Wg L †Uwj‡dvb ms‡hvM K bM` UvKv ● †µwWU KvW© M wmg KvW© N g‡Wg
M Kw¤•DUvi ● wWwRUvj K¨v‡giv 1072. †cR evBwÛs Ges B-†gB‡j Z_¨ Av`vb-cÖ`v‡bi Rb¨ †KvbwU e¨eüZ
1054. B›Uvi‡bU ms‡hvM wb‡Z †KvbwUi cÖ‡qvRb nq bv? [h. Õ09, Õ05]
n‡q _v‡K?
K eªvDRvi L U‡cvjwR †bUIqvK©
K Kw¤•DUvi L g‡Wg M md&UIqvi ● wcÖ›Uvi
● B›Uvi‡bU I‡qe N Uzjm evi
1055. †KvbwU B›Uvi‡bU ms‡hvMKvix mvgMÖx bq? [Xv. Õ03]
K g‡Wg L †Uwj‡dvb jvBb M mdUIq¨vi ● c−Uvi  Web Browsing Kivi c×wZ
1056. wb‡Pi †KvbwU B›Uvi‡bU I‡qe eªvDwRs I B-†gBj Kivi Rb¨ 1073. †KvbwU Web Browsing mdUIq¨vi?
K Netscape Communicator L Internet Explorer
cÖ‡qvRbxq mdUIq¨vi bq? [h. Õ04]
M Network solution ●KIL
K Eudora Pro ● Internet Express
M Outlook Express N Internet Explorer 1074. Web Page Gi wVKvbv †Kv_vq wjL‡Z nq?
K Waiting ● Location
1057. ISP-Gi we¯[vwiZ iƒc †KvbwU?
M Link N Connect to host
[h. Õ08, Õ06, Õ04; P, Õ07; wm. Õ10, Õ08; e. Õ04]
A_ev, ISP-Gi A_© Kx? [Xv. Õ07]  eyK gvK© ˆZwi Kiv
K International Service Provider ● Internet Service Provider 1075. AvB‡Ug Gi BbmvU© G wK¬K Ki‡j †Kvb WvqvjM e· Avm‡e?
M Intel Service Provider N Important Service Provider K GW eyKgvK© ● eyKgvK© cÖcvwU©
1058. Ab¨ Z‡_¨i mv‡_ ms‡hvM ¯’vcb Ki‡Z cv‡i Ggb GKwU Z_¨ M Bb‡W· b¤^i N I‡qe †cR
Dc¯’vc‡bi c×wZi bvg Kx? [Xv. Õ05; wm. Õ07] 1076. B›Uvi‡b‡U wjsK †_‡K wjs‡K Mgb Kiv‡K ejv nqÑ
K Modem L ISP ● Hiper text N WWW
1059. †Uwj‡dvb Avwe®‹…Z nq KZ mv‡j? [e. Õ09] K eªvDwRs L jM Ab ● †bwf‡Mkb N jM Bb
K 1686 mv‡j L 1786 mv‡j M 1886 mv‡j N 1986 mv‡j  Web Search Kivi c×wZ
[we. `ª. †Uwj‡dvb Avwe®‹…Z nq 1876 mv‡j|] 1077. Yahoo.Com Kx? [Xv. Õ09; Kz. Õ10; P. Õ10; e. Õ08]
1060. wb‡Pi †Kvb hš0wU †Uwj‡dvb jvBb I Kw¤•DUv‡ii gv‡S Ae¯’vb K‡i? K Protocol L Engine ● Search Engine N Web Page
● g‡Wg L BD wc Gm
 B-†gBj (E-Mail)
M WvUv K¨vej N c−Uvi
1078. B-†gBj c×wZ nj  [e. Õ06]
✔ †gvevBj B›Uvi‡bU K wek¦ WvK †hvMv‡hvM L wek¦ †Uwj‡hvMv‡hvM
1061. †Kvb hš0wU‡K g‡Wg wn‡m‡e e¨envi K‡iI Kw¤•DUvi w`‡q ● B‡jKUªwbK WvK †hvMv‡hvM N AvšNt WvK †hvMv‡hvM
B›Uvi‡bU e¨envi Kiv hvq? 1079. B-†gBj A_© nj  [h. Õ07, Õ05, Õ03]
K K¨vjKz‡jUi ● †gvevBj M gwbUi N d¨v· A_ev, B-†gB‡ji cRY©iƒc Kx? [iv. Õ08; e. Õ08]
1062. †KvbwU `ª“ZMwZi †gvevBj B›Uvi‡bU? K B‡jKwUªK †gBj L B›Uvi‡bU †gBj
K e¨vÛeªvDwRs L IqvBg¨v· ● 3wR N ¯‹¨vwRI ● B‡jKUªwbK †gBj N B›Uvib¨vkbvj †gBj
1080. 'E-Mail' n‡”Q  [w`. Õ09]
K Electric Mailing ● Electronic Mail Kw¤•DUv‡ii cÖ‡qvM I gvwëwgwWqv
M Electric Mail N International Mail
1081. Avš[R©vwZK †hvMv‡hv‡M Kw¤•DUvi e¨env‡ii D‡j−L‡hvM¨ †¶Î ✔ Kw¤•DUv‡ii e¨envi
nj [Kz. Õ04]
1100. Kw¤•DUvi hv wb‡q KvR K‡i Zvi me©wbæ GKK‡K ejv nq

● E-mail L TV M Fax N Calculator [iv.Õ07, Õ04; h. Õ08; P. Õ03; wm. Õ03]
K BbcyU ● DcvË M AvDUcyU N cÖ‡mm
 E-Mail wVKvbv
1101. Kw¤•DUvi hv wb‡q KvR K‡i Zvi me©wbæ GKK 
1082. E-Mail wVKvbvq @ wP‡ýi c‡ii AskwU‡K e‡j−
−| [iv. Õ07; h. Õ08; wm. Õ09]
● DcvË L eY© M msL¨v N wPý
● Domain name L User name M Host name N Protocol
1083. E-mail wVKvbvq '@' wP‡ýi ci †KvbwU _v‡K? [e. Õ07]
1102. gvby‡li †P‡q Kw¤•DUv‡ii eyw×  [Xv. Õ03]
● Domain Name L Host Machine Name K †ewk ● Kg M mgvb N A‡bK †ewk
M Name of the Organization N Country Name 1103. †Kvb wel‡q Kw¤•DUvi M‡elYv cÖ‡hvR¨?
1084. E-Mail wVKvbv Kq fv‡M wef³? [iv. Õ06; Kz. Õ03] K weÁvb L ivRbxwZ M wPwKrmv ● me¸‡jv‡ZB
● `y fv‡M L wZb fv‡M M Pvi fv‡M N cuvP fv‡M 1104. wPwKrmv weÁvb me©vaywbK cÖhyw³ †KvbwU?
1085. E-mail wVKvbvq '@' Gi Av‡M Kx _v‡K? [iv. Õ05; P. Õ10, Õ07] K †cwbwmwjb L iÄb iwk¥ M Mvgv iwk¥ ● Kw¤•DUvi
K e¨enviKvixi †`‡ki bvg L e¨enviKvixi †gwmb †bg  e¨emvq-evwY‡R¨ Kw¤•DUvi
● e¨enviKvixi bvg N †KvbwUB bq 1105. evRvicÖeYZv we‡k−l‡Y †KvbwU e¨eüZ nq? [P. Õ05]
1086. E-Mail wVKvbvq @ wP‡ýi c‡ii cÖ_g kãwU nj  [Xv. Õ05; wm. Õ07] K †Uwjwfkb ● Kw¤•DUvi M KvDw›Us †gwkb N †kqvi
K Domain name ● Host machine name 1106. e¨emvq evwY‡R¨i †¶‡Î Kw¤•DUvi †h AvaywbK aviYvwU wb‡q
M Name of organization N Country name
G‡m‡Q Zvi bvg wK? [Xv. Õ05; iv. Õ09, Õ07; Kz. Õ10, Õ08; P. Õ09, Õ08; wm. Õ07]
1087. B-†gBj G¨v‡Wª‡mi mv‡_ wb‡Pi †KvbwU hy³ _vK‡j evwYwR¨K
K E-mail L WWW M WAN ● E-commerce
cÖwZôvb‡K eySvq? [wm. Õ04]
1107. E-COMMERCE  †¶‡Î RbwcÖqZv jvf K‡i‡Q. [P. Õ03]
● .com L .gov M .edu N .ac
A_ev, E-COMMERCE Gi RbwcÖq †¶Î nj  [iv. Õ06; h. Õ09]
1088. E-mail wVKvbvq 'Com' Øviv Kx eySvq? [e. Õ09]
K wk¶vi L †hvMv‡hv‡Mi
K Education ● Commercial M Government N Military
M wPwKrmvi ● e¨emvq-evwY‡R¨i
1089. E-Mail wVKvbvq †Wv‡gb bv‡gi me©‡kl AskwU‡K Kx ejv nq? [e. Õ05]
1108. B-Kgvm©-Gi cRY©iƒcwU Kx? [iv. Õ08; h. Õ10]
K ISP ● TLD M HTP N WWW
● B‡jKUªwbK Kgvm© L B‡jKwUªK Kgvm©
1090. TLD Kx? [Xv. Õ04; h. Õ09; Kz. Õ08, Õ06; P. Õ08; e. Õ06]
M B›Uvi‡bU Kgvm© N B‡jKwUªK¨vj Kgvm
● Top Level Domain L Top Line Domain
M Top Line Desk N Top Level Desk 1109.  B n‡”Q GKzk kZ‡Ki e¨emv-evwY‡R¨i ¯^iƒc| [Xv. Õ08; h. Õ04]
1091. †iveU (Robot) Kx? [e. Õ07] A_ev, GKzk kZ‡Ki e¨emv evwY‡R¨i ¯^iƒc †KvbwU? [w`. Õ10]
K GKRb gvby‡li bvg L we‡kl hš7 ● B-Kgvm© L B-†gBj
● Kw¤•DUvi wbqwš7Z we‡kl hš7 N hš7 bq M Robot (†iveU) N Credit card (†µwWU KvW©)
1092. I‡qe wVKvbvq †KvbwU hy³ _vK‡j wk¶v‡K eySvq? 1110. B-Kgvm© †KvbwUi mv‡_ †ewk RwoZ? [h. Õ07; e. Õ05]
K .coM L .org M .gov ● .edu K cÖKvkbvq ● e¨emvq-evwY‡R¨ M wk¶vq N wPwKrmvq
1111. e¨emv-evwY‡R¨i †¶‡Î Kw¤•DUvi †h AvaywbK aviYvwU wb‡q G‡m‡Q
 B-†gBj e¨env‡ii c×wZ Zvi bvg wK? [Xv. Õ05; e. Õ03]
1093. Netscape Communicator-Gi gva¨‡g B-†gBj co‡Z PvB‡j †h A_ev, e¨emvq-evwY‡R¨i wnmve-wbKv‡k e¨vcK Ae`vb ivL‡Q 
KgvÛwU w`‡Z n‡e Zv nj
 K †gvevBj †dvb L †iveU ● Kw¤•DUvi N B-†gBj
K Message > New L File > New Message 1112. gvby‡li Kvco †Pvco †_‡K M„n¯’vwj cY¨ ev wkí KviLvbvi hš0cvwZ
● File > Get + Message> New N New > Message ch©š[ Kvi mvnv‡h¨ †ePv‡Kbv n‡”Q? [Kz. Õ06]
 B-†gBj cvVv‡bvi wbqg ● B-Kgv‡m©i mvnv‡h¨ L B-†gB‡ji mvnv‡h¨
1094. E-Mail-Gi mvnv‡h¨  cvVv‡bv hvq| [P. Õ03] M †Uwj‡dv‡bi mvnv‡h¨ N evwYR¨ †gjvi mvnv‡h¨
K kã L Qwe ● msev` N †KvbwUB bq  e¨e¯’vcbvq Kw¤•DUvi
1095. B-†gB‡ji Composition DB‡Ûvi †U·Ue‡· cÖ‡qvRbxq Z_¨ cÖ`vb 1113. wkí cÖwZôv‡bi Rb¨ Kw¤•DUvi †Kvb ai‡bi e¨e¯’vcbvq mvnvh¨ K‡i?
Kivi Rb¨ Ni¸‡jv nj  K cÖKí e¨e¯’vcbv L Awdm e¨e¯’vcbv
K Bcc L Cc M To ● me¸‡jv ● Drcv`b e¨e¯’vcbv N wcÖw›Us e¨e¯’vcbv
 B›Uvi‡bU ms‡hvM ¯’vcb  cÖKvkbvq Kw¤•DUvi
1096. †gBj K‡¤•vR Kivi KvR †kl n‡j wØZxq gRj KvRwU Kx? 1114. gy`ªY RM‡Z †jLv mvRv‡bvi KvR‡K wK e‡j?
K B-†gBj cybivq cov ● B›Uvi‡bU ms‡hvM ¯’vcb Kiv [Xv. Õ09, Õ07; iv. Õ10; Kz. Õ10, Õ08; P. Õ10, Õ08, Õ05; wm. Õ08, Õ05]
M †mf KgvÛ cÖ‡qvM Kiv N nvBW K‡i ivLv KcÖ‡mwms L †cÖwms ● K‡¤•vR N †jwWs
 B-†gBj †cÖiY 1115. Kw¤•DUvi 
1097. B-†gBj cvVv‡bvi wbqg Abyhvqx cÖ_‡gB nvwRi n‡Z nq  ● ¯^qswµq L wbw®Œq M wg_w®Œq N AvivgwcÖq
K Composition c`©vq L Inbox-Netscape Folder DB‡Ûv‡Z 1116. Kw¤•DUv‡i wcÖw›Us-Gi †¶‡Î †jLv mvRv‡bvi KvR‡K e‡j
 [Xv. Õ03]
● B›Uvi‡bU eªvDwRs DB‡Ûv c`©vq N †KvbwUB bq ● K‡¤•vwRs L UvBwcs M cvewjwks N wcÖw›Us
1117. Avgv‡`i †`‡k Av‡M K‡¤•vR Kiv nZ  A¶i w`‡q.
 B-†gBj wcÖ›U Kiv
[h. Õ08, Õ05; Kz. Õ09; wm. Õ09]
1098. B-†gBj wcÖ›U Kivi KgvÛ n‡”Q  A_ev, Avgv‡`i †`‡k Av‡M K‡¤•vR Kiv nZ wK ai‡bi A¶i w`‡q? [e. Õ04]
● File > Print L E-Mail > Print M Edit > Print N Message > Print
K †jvnvi L Zvgvi ● mxmvi N wcZ‡ji
 AvMZ B-†gBj †PK Kiv 1118. Avgv‡`i †`‡k †jUvi †cÖ‡m wK‡mi A¶i e¨envi n‡Zv? [iv. Õ08]
1099. †Kvb B-†gBj Avm‡j Zv †Kv_vq Rgv _v‡K? K †eªv‡Äi L Kv‡Vi
K e¨enviKvixi Kw¤•DUv‡i L I‡qe eªvDwRs mdUIq¨v‡i M †jvnvi ● Kv‡Vi I mxmvi
M ISP-mvf©v‡i Aew¯’Z †cÖi‡Ki †gBj e‡· 1119. †jUvi †cÖ‡m wK‡mi A¶i e¨envi nZ? [Kz. Õ03; e. Õ10]
● ISP-mvf©v‡i Aew¯’Z cÖvc‡Ki †gBj e‡· K †eªv‡Äi A¶i L Kv‡Vi A¶i M †jvnvi A¶i ● mxmvi A¶i
1120. mxmvi A¶i w`‡q K‡¤•vR Kivi QvcvLvbv¸‡jv‡K wK ejv n‡Zv? [e. Õ05] 1143. †KvbwU gvwëwgWqvi wgwWqv bq? [wm. Õ10]
K Ad‡mU †cÖm L †Uª‡Wj †cÖm ● †jUvi †cÖm N †KvbwU bq K Text ● TV M Graphics N Sound
1121.  `k‡Ki gvSvgvwS ch©š[ Avgiv m¤•RY©iƒ‡c †jUvi †cÖ‡mi 1144. gvwëwgwWqvi eY© †Kgb n‡Z cv‡i? [e. Õ05]
wbf©ikxj wQjvg| [Xv. Õ08] K Pjgvb L wÎgvwÎK ● DfqB N †KvbwU bv
K 50 L 60 M 70 ● 80 1145. gvwëwgwWqvi aviYvq eY© wKiƒc? [Xv. Õ06; wm. Õ08]
1122. eo A¶‡i Qvcvi Rb¨ wK‡mi ˆZwi nid e¨envi Kiv nZ? [Xv. Õ07] K w¯’i ● Pjgvb wÎgvwÎK M A¶q N weU
K Zvgvi L †jvnvi ● Kv‡Vi N mxmvi 1146. Pjgvb MÖvwd·‡K ejv hvq  [Xv. Õ09, Õ04; iv. Õ04; Kz. Õ10; e. Õ07]
1123. †Kvb& `k‡Ki †kl w`K †_‡K Avgv‡`i †`‡k Kw¤•DUv‡ii mvnv‡h¨ K Qwe ● Gwb‡gkb M AwWI N meKwU
K‡¤•vR Kivi KvR ïi“ nq? [h. Õ04] 1147. gvwëwgwWqvi Ab¨Zg wgwWqv  [iv. Õ03; wm. Õ03]
K cÂvk L lvU M mËi ● Avwk K eY© L wPÎ ● kã N me¸‡jv
✔ wk¶vq Kw¤•DUvi 1148. GKvwaK k‡ãi cÖevn‡K wK ejv nq? [Xv. Õ06; Kz. Õ07; P. Õ07; wm. Õ08]
1124. Kw¤•DUv‡i ˆZwi cÖksmvc‡Îi ¸YMZgvb− − ● w÷wiI L gvwë mvDÛ M g‡bv N †Kvjvnj
K wbægv‡bi ● DbœZ ✔ gvwëwgwWqvi †kÖwYwefvM
M gv‡bi cwieZ©b N‡U N mvgvb¨ cwieZ©b N‡U
1149. gvwëwgwWqv cÖavbZ  cÖKvi| [Kz. Õ07; wm. Õ09]
1125. Kw¤•DUv‡ii mvnv‡h¨ wk¶v`vb cÖPwjZ wk¶v`vb c×wZi †P‡q− − K6 L8 ●2 N4
K `{lYxq L e¨qeûj
1150. cÖv_wgKfv‡e gvwëwgwWqv KZ cÖKvi? [wm. Õ07; e. Õ08]
● A‡bK †ewk Kvh©Ki N mgq mv‡c¶
● 2 cÖKvi L 3 cÖKvi M 4 cÖKvi N 5 cÖKvi
1126. we`¨vj‡q Kw¤•DUv‡ii D‡j−L‡hvM¨ e¨envi? 1151. gvwëwgwWqv‡K cÖavbZ Kq fv‡M fvM Kiv hvq?
K djvdj cÖ`vb L †hvMv‡hvM M cvewjwks ● Z_¨ msi¶Y [Xv. Õ07; iv. Õ08, Õ04; P. Õ09, Õ03; wm. Õ04; e. Õ04, Õ03; w`. Õ10]
✔ e¨e¯’vcbv I Z_¨ msi¶Y A_ev, cÖv_wgKfv‡e gvwëwgwWqv‡K fvM Kiv hvq
 [Xv. Õ05; h. Õ04; wm. Õ05, Õ03]
1127. †Kvb KvRwUi Rb¨ Kw¤•DUv‡ii e¨envi AwaKZi ¸i“Z¡cYR ?© [Kz. Õ03] K wZb fv‡M L Pvi fv‡M M cuvP fv‡M ● `y fv‡M
A_ev, Kw¤•DUv‡ii cÖavb KvR  [iv. Õ06] 1152. wjwbqvi gvwëwgwWqv †KvbwU bq? [iv. Õ09; P. Õ09, Õ07; wm. Õ08]
K e¨vsK exgv L e¨emvq-evwYR¨ K wm‡bgv L wfwWI ● Kw¤•DUvi N †Uwjwfkb
● Z_¨ msi¶Y N gy`ªY I cÖKvkbv 1153. †KvbwU wjwbqvi gvwëwgwWqv? [h. Õ10; wm. Õ10]
1128. †Kvb mv‡j AvBweGg †Kv¤•vwb cv‡m©vbvj Kw¤•DUvi ˆZwi K‡i? K Radio L Computer ● TV N Fax
K 1971 mv‡j L 1991 mv‡j ● 1981 mv‡j N 1990 mv‡j 1154. bb wjwbqvi gvwëwgwWqv n‡”Q
 [Kz. Õ08, Õ04; wm. Õ06]
● Kw¤•DUviwfwËK L wfwWIwfwËK
✔ gvwëwgwWqv M †UwjwfkbwfwËK N wm‡bgvwfwËK
1129. c„w_ex‡Z Kw¤•DUvi cÖhyw³i †h AskwU GLb me©vwaK Av‡jvPbvi 1155. Kw¤•DUviwfwËK gvwëwgwWqv‡K †Kvb& ai‡bi gvwëwgwWqv e‡j?
So Zz‡j‡Q Zvi bvg Kx? [Kz. Õ09] [Kz. Õ06; e. Õ06, Õ04]
K MÖvwd· ● gvwëwgwWqv M B›Uvi‡bU N G¨vwb‡gkb Kwjwbqvi gvwëwgwWqv ● bb-wjwbqvi gvwëwgwWqv
1130. Avwki `k‡K cÖPwjZ AvBweGg wcwm¸‡jv wK iKg wQj? [Kz. Õ07] MwjRv wjwbqvi gvwëwgwWqv N I‡qe wjwbqvi gvwëwgwWqv
● †U·UwfwËK L GUI wfwËK M g¨vwëwgwWqvwfwËK N wPÎwfwËK 1156. wjwbqvi gvwëwgwWqvi ˆewkó¨ †KvbwU? [h. Õ06]
1131. AvwfavwbK A‡_© gvwëwgwWqv A_© wK? [iv. Õ09; wm. Õ04; w`. Õ09] K w¯’i _vKv L Zvr¶wYKfv‡e cwieZ©bkxj
K gva¨g L wewbgq M we¯N„Z ● eûgva¨g M nvBcvi n‡Z cv‡i
✔ gvwëwgwWqvi wgwWqvmgR‡ni cwiwPwZ ● avivevwnK ev ch©vqµwgKfv‡e Pj‡Z _vKv
1132. gRjZ gvwëwgwWqvi wgwWqv KqwU? 1157. †jvUvm 1-2-3 †Kvb Acv‡iwUs wm‡÷‡g e¨eüZ nq?
[Xv. Õ10; iv. Õ07, Õ05; h. Õ10, Õ08, Õ06; wm. Õ10, Õ09; e. Õ10; w`. Õ09] ● BDwb· L WvUv Acv‡iwUs M DD‡ÛvR-98 N G·-wc
A_ev, KqwU wgwWqv‡K gvwëwgwWqvi wgwWqv e‡j MY¨ Kiv hvq? ✔ gvwëwgwWqv wcwmi msMVb
1158. mvaviY wcwmi m‡½ evowZ †Kvb hš0 †hvM K‡i †mwU‡K gvwëwgwWqv
K 2wU ● 3wU M 4wU N 5wU wcwm‡Z cwiYZ Kiv nq? [wm. Õ06]
1133. cÖv_wgKfv‡e gvwëwgwWqv‡K Kq fv‡M fvM Kiv nq? [iv. Õ10] K mvDÛ KvW© L d¬wc WªvBf
K3 L4 M5 N6 M wfwWI KvW© ● mvDÛ KvW© Ges wmwW WªvBf
[we. `ª. Text eB Abyhvqx cÖv_wgKfv‡e gvwëwgwWqv `yÕcÖKvi|] 1159. Gwb‡gk‡bi Rb¨ m‡e©v”P MwZi  cÖ‡qvRb nq| [wm. Õ04]
1134. †KvbwU gvwëwgwWqvi wgwWqv bq? [h. Õ09, Õ07; e. Õ10] ● gvB‡µvcÖ‡mmi L nvW©wW¯‹
K eY© ● mgq M wPÎ N kã M w_ª wW Gw·‡jUi KvW© N me KqwU
1135. eY©, kã I wP‡Îi GKwÎZ iƒc‡K wK ejv nq? [e. Õ07]
K Internet ● Multimedia M Media N Applieation ✔ gvwëwgwWqvwfwËK †ckv I cÖ‡qvM‡¶Î
1136. gvwëwgwWqvi wgwWqv bq †KvbwU? [wm. Õ06] 1160. gvwëwgwWqvi cÖ‡qvM‡¶Î †KvbwU? [Xv. Õ08; P. Õ06]
K eY© L wPÎ M kã ● we`y¨r K e¨emv L we‡bv`b
1137. gvwëwgwWqv ej‡Z wK eySvq? [iv. Õ05, e. Õ08] M AvBb-k„Ljv i¶v ● Dc‡ii meKwU
K e‡Y©i e¨envi L k‡ãi e¨envi 1161. gvwëwgwWqvi mvnv‡h¨ wb‡Pi †KvbwU m¤•bœ nq? [e. Õ08]
M Qwei e¨envi ● eY©, kã I Qwei e¨envi K wWwRUvj cÖKvkbv L Pjw”P‡Î †¯•kvj G‡d±m cÖ`vb
1138. †KvbwU gvwëwgwWqvi wgwWqv? [h. Õ07] M wmgy‡jkb ● Dc‡ii me¸‡jv
K eY© L kã M wPÎ ● me¸‡jvB 1162. wk¶vi Rb¨ KvM‡Ri Z_¨ GLb †Kvbiƒ‡c cvIqv hv‡”Q?
[Xv. Õ06; Kz. Õ09; P. Õ10, Õ08]
1139. gvwëwgwWqvi aviYvq eY© Kxiƒc? [Xv. Õ06]
KMÖvwdKvj L GbvjM ● wWwRUvj N _ªx WvB‡gbkbvj
K w¯’i ● Pjgvb M A¶q N weU
1163. †jLvcov mnR n‡q‡Q wK Kvi‡Y? [iv. Õ05]
1140. eY©, kã I wP‡Îi mgb¦q n‡”Q  [Xv. Õ04]
K AwffveKMY g‡bv‡hvMx nIqvi Kvi‡Y L wmwWi Kvi‡Y
K B›Uvi‡bU ● gvwëwgwWqv M wgwWqv N cÖ‡qvM ● gvwëwgwWqvi Kvi‡Y N †Uwjwfk‡bi Kvi‡Y
1141. †KvbwU gvwëwgwWqvi wgwWqv bq? [Xv. Õ03; P. Õ07] 1164. gvwëwgwWqvi GKwU e„nr cÖ‡qvM‡¶Î nj 
K kã L eY© M wPÎ ● B›Uvi‡bU [Xv. Õ05; Kz. Õ04; wm.Õ07, Õ05; w`. Õ10]
1142. gvwëwgwWqvi wgwWqv bq †Kvb&wU? [Xv. Õ09; P. Õ10] ● wk¶v L wbivcËv
K eY© L wPÎ M kã ● fvlv M e¨emv N weÁvb I M‡elYv

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