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GROUP 3 February 19, 2019

ECEN 85: Laboratory Activity no. 2


Construction of a Voltage Multiplier

Objectives

1. Simulate circuit in Multisim


2. Design the PCB layout in Eagle CAD
3. Prototype the design in breadboard
4. Construct the final circuit
5. Present the circuit on February 19, 2019

Procedure

A. Schematic in Multisim
1. Find or construct a circuit of voltage multiplier (doubler, tripler or
quadrupler).
2. In the Multisim application, set up the components that is present in the
circuit chosen/ constructed.
3. Take note of the accurate values and types of the components to be used
like the capacitors (100 uf), diode (4007) and a supply of 6 volts.
4. Secure the connection of the components.
5. Simulate the circuit and check if the circuit (voltage multiplier) works.

B. PCB Layout in Eagle CAD

1. First, construct the schematic diagram of the circuit using the commands on
the left side of the card.
2. Check the construction for errors in the connection.
3. When the circuit is ready, transfer it to the board to start the design process.
4. Use the tool “night rastness” to make the connections path easier.
5. Routing will serve as the guide for the connection of each component.
6. To finalize the design, use the polygon tool.
C. Actual Breadboard
 A prototype of the circuit must be done on a breadboard. Make sure the
connections are secured and proper.
Etching

1. When the designed diagram is printed from the Eagle CAD, it can then be
processed for etching but first, to make the pattern stick to the PCB, it is soaked
with oil and then dried.
2. The dried pattern can now be transferred to the PCB.
3. Expose the PCB to direct sunlight for the pattern to take effect and develop on
the PCB. Remove the printed pattern afterwards.
4. After a few minutes, prepare the ferric chloride solution on a suitable container.
Start the etching process.
5. Check for continuity in the etched PCB, know if there is an error in the etching
process.
6. Drill the respective holes where the components will be placed.
7. When the above procedures are done, the final circuit of Voltage Multiplier
can now be constructed.

D. Tabulated Cost of Computation

Model/ Name of
Quantity Price ( Pesos) Total (Pesos)
Description Material/
Component
4 IN4008 Diode 2.00 8.00

4 1 uF Capacitors 1.50 6.00

1 Presentisized PCB 95.00 95.00

1 bottle -- Ferric Chloride 24.00 24.00

Total Cost: P 133.00


Conclusion:

In making the Voltage Multiplier (Quadrupler) circuit, we used different soft wares
and methods in order to correctly prepare and execute the circuit to be used.

First, we used the Multisim application. The application allowed us to run or


simulate the circuit that we chose with ideal components and no error. The components
needed to have the right values and the right connections in order to work or simulate
with the desired output. We use a transformer (10:1) to step down the 60 volts of AC
power into 6 volts of AC that will enter the circuit. Next we assemble four stages of diode
representing the multiplier from one to quadruple times the input voltage.

Second, we use the Eagle CAD for the construction of the pattern that will be
etched to the PCB. We made use of the different commands present in the tool bar for
faster construction of the schematic diagram. Afterwards, we started the design process
by transferring the schematic diagram to the board and through the use of helpful tools
like night rastness and polygon, we are able to design a suitable pattern for the
schematic diagram of our circuit. In the etching of the PCB, we follow the instruction
attached in the case which says that we have to first expose the pattern into the sunlight
and then develop it to the PCB for etching in the ferric chloride solution. After etching,
we check for continuity of the circuit for in case there are some errors in the etching
process.

Before constructing the final design and soldering the components to the PCB, we
first run a prototype of our Voltage Multiplier circuit on a breadboard. A voltage regulator
or a transformer can be used to supply the appropriate voltage for our circuit design. We
also consider the proper connections and values of our components (diodes and
capacitors).

in constructing the final circuit, as the components are complete and the PCB is
etched we then drilled the respected holes for the components. And then solder the
components in their positions.