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14.

Electrolytic capacitors
Soldering Hints DSO 138 Oscilloscope DIY Kit

1 Put leads through mounting holes from the side with Rev. 04

part outline. Ensue component evenly touch PCB.


User Manual Applicable models: 13803K, 13804K
Tools you need Before you start
2 Solder leads at the other side. Solder should fully Solder positive pole C19, C21, : 100μF / 16 V
neighbering pads. 5 Flush cutter
(the longer lead) to C22, C24,

fill and cover soldering pads. the square pad C25, C26

Avoid bridges between 1 Iron (20W) 4 Screw driver 1 Check part values & quantities against part list
to Step1 if you purchased kit 13804K.
2 Solder wire 2 Always meter resistor values before soldering
15. Power connector
3 Cut unused leads

flush with cutter. 3 Multimeter 6 Tweezers 3 Understand all part polarities and orientations

I m p o r t a n t ! !!

Step 1 Assembly Main Board and LCD board (follow the order as numbered) Install all SMD parts before proceeding

5. USB Socket * 9. Pin ward

1. Resistors Note: header J10 : DC005

J4
Always meter resistor
(for
Note:
power)
values before soldering
F
a
c
: USB mini -B e

t
h
e

o
p
e
n
i
n
g

o
u
t
This connector is J9 : 2 Pin
R7, R36 : 180 Ω
R8, R12, R13 : 120 Ω
optional. 16. Pin-header (male) *
R9, R15, R26 : 1KΩ
R1, R14, R16 : 100KΩ R10 : 3KΩ
J5 : 1 X 3 pin J6
R2 : 1.8MΩ
10. Transistors : 1 X 4 pin
R11 : 150 Ω
R3 : 200KΩ 6. Tact Switches Q1 : 8550 Note:
R38 : 1.5KΩ
R4 : 2MΩ R28, R40 : 470 Ω Q2 : 9014 These pin-headers are
R37, R39 : 10K Ω
R5 : 20K Ω
SW4, SW5, : 6 X 6 X 5mm
Attention! optional.
SW6, SW7,
R6 : 300 Ω
Packages are similar. 17. Pin-header (female)
SW8

Do not mix up!

2. HF-Chokes
7. Ceramic Capacitors
11. Regulators

C1, C9, U4
: 79L05
: J: 1 X 2 pin
C10, 7
C11, U5 ,
L1,L3,L4 : 78L05 J: 2 X 20 pin
8
C14,
1
C15, Attenti
0 on! J
3
0 C16,
μC17,
H Packages
are
C18, similar.
C20,

Do not
C23 mix up!

0.1 μF

C2 : 330pF C7, C8 : 1 20pF


trimmers 18. Slide switches
3. Diodes C3 : 3pF C12, C13 : 22pF

12.
Capa
citor
: 1pF

Cathode

C5

: 1N5819 SW1, SW2, 2P3T

D1
: 1N4004 SW3

D2
(or 1N4007) :

8. LED
C4, C6

5 - 30pF

4. Crystal 13. Power inductor 19. BNC connector

: BNC

J1

Solder No
positive te:
Y1 pole D3

Th
: 8MHz (the e
longer thi
lead) to cke
:φ3mm, green r
pin
the
s
square
L2 ne
pad
ed
to
: 1mH/0.5A he
at
up
lon
ger
to
get
go
od
sol
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ing
res
ult.
Page 1
JYE Tech Ltd.

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22. LCD Board


20. Test signal ring

21. JP3
Note: Install to the side opposite to LCD
1 ) Make a small ring with a lead cut-off.
panel.

2 ) Solder the ring to the two holes of J2 (as shown in the J1 : 2 X 20 pin J2, J3 :1 X 2
photo). pin

Short JP3 with solder

NOTE: You need a 9V DC power supply (at least 200mA capacity) to run the scope. This The assembly should look like this after you
Test and Use power supply is not included in the kit.
have finished all parts
Step 2

A. Use
A. Check voltages

B. Attach LCD board

C. Verify
0.19V* 6.43V * 9.39V*(Input V
good? 1 1 .
A
1 Apply 9V power to J10 (or J9).
2
No tt *
Fix R36 a 2 Touch the red clip with your finger. Do you see
signal from your finger?
c -8.08V*
2 Check voltage at TP22. It should be around +3.3V. 3 If h
Connect power supply again. You should see LCD
voltage at TP22 is good disconnect power. Short JP4 Check
lights up R36 and panel displayed. Press
and oscilloscope Test Mode
p
r PIN 1
variouspower
buttons and move switches to verify their
again
functions. o
with solder permanently . b
e
1 c
li
p
Plug LCD board into the female headers J3, J7, and J8 on s
the main board. t
No o
J ** **
1
shown were measured when input v
Place the negative pen of volt-meter **: These voltages are measured when
here to do voltage measurements. is set to GND position.
Ye
s
2

Check
R12
and C8

Troubleshooting No Display

LCD Dark

(No backlight)
Short JP4 if it has not been done. See Step 2 above.

Is voltage at V+ No Check power

supply
Press SW8. Does LED blink? Yes

Yes
Check J3 soldering for

Is R36 value correct


possible opens or shorts Check J1 soldering on LCD board for possible opens or shorts (use Test Mode)

and soldered good?

Yes
No

Do you get about 3V No


Visit forum for detailed

between J1 pin 16 &


troubleshooting guide

18 on LCD board? Check U2B, U2C and

Yes related parts around

Check LCD these two amplifiers

board No Trace

Are the values of AV+ and


AV- correct?

Yes

Set CPL switch to GND


and measure V1 and V2.
Are they correct?
i only.1
s

g The voltages on your board could be different.


o
o
NOTE 2: d But they should be close to the values shown. -5.0V 4.99V 3.3V 5.02V Voltage LED
will be blinking constantly if MCU. 2 References (U1)
can not detect valid LCD controller.

Check LCD pin-header soldering.


No N
O
Check +3.3V voltage -8.11V 8.60V *
T T Check Y1, C12, C13 NOTE 3:
r E
i
g 1 Check LED installation Make sure U1 and LED working
g
:
e
r (you see LED blinks twice at pressing
T
h

e RESET) before using Test Mode.
L
E v
D oWhat it is and how it works 8.34V
l Test Mode is used to find out possible opens (for all port pins) and shorts
b t
l a
i g (for pins PB0 - 15 and PC13-15). When entered it first checks PB and PC
n e
k s
i pins with special patterns to find out possible shorts. If found LED will be
n i
g n
fast blinking. Otherwise, it generate 3.3V and 0V alternatively at each port
t t
w h pins (PA, PB, PC and PD) in cycle of about 4 seconds. These signals can be
i e
c
e p used to check for opens.
h
o
i tHow to use
n o
d
i
a 1. Hold down SW4 and press RESET to enter Test Mode.
c
r
a
e
t 2. If you see LED fast blinking that means there are shorts on PB or PC pins.
e
s f
o
b r You need to find out the shorts first. 0V 1.66V NOTES:

o
o r
3. If you see LED slowly blinking use a volt-meter to check each pin related *: These voltages are input voltage dependent. The values
t e
connections that are suspected open. When you don’ t see voltage change
i f
n e
g r at a spot which is supposed being connected to a port pin there may be
- e
u n
p c open between the spot and the port pin.
e
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Tech Support:
ProbeCalibration

H o w to U s e

Because there is always some capacitance between scope input and Connect red clip to

Horizontal Trigger Level Connectors


ground probe needs to be calibrated to achieve better measurement test signal output

Display and Controls Position Readout for Power Supply


results for high frequency signals. This can be done with the help of

the built-in test signal. To do this please follow the steps below.

Oscilloscope [OK]:
1. Connect the red clip to the test signal terminal and leave the

Mode HOLD/ RUN


black clip un-connected (see photo at right).

Connector Selection
2. Set [SEN1] switch to 0.1V and [SEN2] switch to X5.
for Probe
Set [CPL] switch to AC or DC.

[+] or [-]:
3. Adjust timebase to 0.2ms. You should see waveform similar

Parameter
to that shown in photos below. If traces are not stable adjust
[CPL]:
Adjustment
trigger level (the pink triangle on right screen border) so as
Couple

you get a stable display.


Selection

4. Turn C4 (capacitor trimmer) with a small screw driver so that

the waveform displays sharp rightangle (photo C).

5. Set [SEN1] switch to 1V and [SEN2] switch to X1while keep all other
settings unchanged. Adjust C6 so that sharp rightangle waveform is
displayed.

[SEL]:

[SEN1]:
Parameter

Sensitivity
Selection

Selection 1

Trigger

[SEN2]:
Level

Sensitivity
Indicator

Selection 2
Reset

Sensitivity Timebase Trigger “Trigged ” A – Not enough B – Too much C – Good


Button

(V/div) (s/div) Slope Indicator Turn On/Off Readouts


Vertical
Couple Trigger
Press [SEL] so that timebase is highlighted. Hold down [OK] button for about 2 seconds. This will turn
Position on/off measurement readouts.
Mode

Indicator

Waveform Save/Recall

Connections Att e ntion Press [SEL] & [+] simultaneously: Save currently displayed waveform to non-volatile memory.

1. Power supply voltage must not exceed Press [SEL] & [-] simultaneously: Recall saved waveform

Power Supply: Connect DC power supply to J9 or J10. The power 12V. Otherwise U5 will get hot. Triggers and Their Modes

supply voltage must be in the range of 8 - 12V.


Triggers are events that indicate signal voltage acrossing

a set level (i.e. trigger level) along a specified direction


Probe: Connect probe to J1. is 50Vpk (100Vpp) with the clip probe.
(i.e. trigger slope, rising or falling). Oscilloscope uses
Operations
triggers as reference points in time for stable waveform
Press on [SEL] button: Select parameter to be adjusted. The selected parameter will be highlighted.
Max input voltage 50Vpk (1X probe)
Input impedance 1M ohm/20pF
Press on [+] or [-] button: Adjust the parameter selected by [SEL] button.

AutoM o d e
Press on [OK] button: Freeze waveform refresh (entering HOLD state). Press on it again will de-freeze. Change
[CPL] switch: Set couple to DC, AC, or GND. When GND is selected the scope input is isolated from input Inauto mode oscilloscope will perform display refresh no

signal and connected to ground (0V input). matter triggers happen or not. When triggers are detected

Change [SEN1] or [SEN2] switch: Adjust sensitivity. The product of [SEN1] and [SEN2] settings makes the waveform display will be displayed with reference to

actual sensitivity which is displayed at the lower-left corner of the panel. trigger points. Otherwise, display waveform at ramdom Trigger modes Auto, Normal, and Single
reference points. Trigger position range 50%

Press on [Reset] button: Perform a system reset and re-boots the oscillscope.
Power supply 9V DC (8 – 12V)

In normal mode oscilloscope will only perform display

refresh when there are triggers. If no triggers happen

waveform display will stay unchanged. Weight 70 gram (without probe)

Sometimes you may find the 0V by performing the “ 0V


line (the trace corresponding to 0V line alignment”
0V Line Alignment input voltage) does not match with function. First, set the
the VPOS indicator at the screen couple switch [CPL] to
left border. This can easily be fixed GND position. Then
press on [SEL] button to make VPOS indicator highlighed and hold down [OK] button for about 2 seconds. You will S i n g l e M ode Tech Support: www.jyetech.com/forum
set the trace aligned to VPOS indicator when you release [OK] button. You may see some residue mismatch remains at
the highest sensitivity settings. This is normal.
Single mode is the same as normal mode except that
oscilloscope will enter HOLD state after a trigger has been
detected and waveform display has been updated.

JYT Tech Ltd.


Normal and single modes are useful for capturing sparse
or single waveform.
Tel. +86-0773-2113856 www.jyetech.com

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JYE Tech Ltd.