You are on page 1of 4

American Heart Association. Heart Disease & Stroke Statistic 2009 Update At-a-Glance.

American Heart Association. 2009: 10-16

American Heart Association. International Cardiovascular Disease Statistic. American Heart

Association. 2004: 1-7

Mackay J., Mensah G.. The Atlas of Heart Disease and Stroke. World Health Organization.
2004: 1-14

Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan Kemenkes RI. Riset Kesehatan Dasar 2010.
Kementrian Kesehatan RI. 2010. 74-83

Mathers C., Truelsen T., Begg S., Satoh T. Global Burden of Ischaemic Heart Disease in The
Year 2000. Global Burden Disease. 2004: 13-14

Mendis S., Puska P., Norrving B. Global Atlas on Cardiovascular Disease Prevention and
Control. World Health Organization in Collaboration with the World Heart Federation
and the World Stroke Organization. 2011: 28-42

Ghosh J., Mishra T.K., Rao Y.N., Aggarwal S.K. Oxidised LDL, HDL Cholosterol, LDL
Cholesterol Levels in Patients of Coronary Artery Disease. Indian Journal of Clinical
Biochemistry. 2006; 21(1): 181-184

Keyzer D.D., Karabina S., Wei W., Geeraert B., Stengel D., Marsillach J., et. al. Increased
PAFAH and Oxidized Lipids are Associated with Inflamation and Atherosclerosis in
Hypercholesterolemic Pigs. Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biologi Journal
of the American Heart Association. 2009; 29: 2041-2046

Crossman D.C. The Pathophysiology of Myocardial Ischaemia. Heart. 2004; 90: 576-580

Falk E., Thuesen L. Pathology of Coronary Microembolisation and No Reflow. Heart. 2003;
89: 983-985

Perhimpunan Dokter Penyakit Dalam Indonesia. Buku Ajar Ilmu Penyakit Dalam Jilid III
Edisi V. Jakarta: Interna Publishing, 2009. 1728-1735, 1865, 1984

Fahy E., Subramaniam S., Brown H.A., Glass C.K., Merrill A.H., Murphy R.C. et. al. A
Comprehensive Classification System for Lipids. Journal of Lipid Research. 2005; 46:

Lund-Katz S., Liu L., Thuanhnai S.T., Phillips M.C. High Density Lipoprotein Structure.
Frontiers in Bioscience. 2003; 8: 1044-1054

Zhang L., Song J., Cavigiolio G., Ishida B.Y., Zhang S., Kane J.P., et. al. The Morphology
and Structure of Lipoproteins Revealed by Optimized Negative-Staining Protocol of
Electron Microscopy. Journal of Lipid Research. 2011: 1-18

Sheperd J. The Role of the Exogenous Pathway in Hypercholesterolaemia. European Heart

Journal Supplements. 2001: 2-5
Kostner K.M., Understanding Cholesterol Synthesis and Absoption is The Key to Achieving
Cholesterol Targets. Disease Risk Management. 2007: 7-10

Stapleton P.A., Goodwill A.G., James M.E., Brock R.W., Frisbee J.C. Hypercholesterolemia
and Microvascular Dysfunction: Interventional Strategies. Journal of Inflamation.
2010; 7(54): 1-10

Cook S. Hypercholesterolemia Among Children: When is It High, and When is It Really

High?. Circulation Journal of The American Heart Association. 2009; 119: 1075-1077

Price S.A., Wilson L.M. Patofisiologi Konsep Klinis Proses-Proses Penyakit Edisi 6. Penerbit
Buku Kedokteran EGC. 2006: 576-612

Di Tullio M.R., Homma S., FACC., Jin Z., Saco R.L. Aortic Atherosclerosis,
Hypercoagulability, and Stroke. Journal of the American College of Cardiology. 2008;
52(10): 855-860

Himbergen T.V. Risk Factors for Atherosclerosis. XV International Symposium on

Atherosclerosis. 2009: 3-27

Wallenfeldt K., Fagerberg B., Wikstrand J., Hulthe J. Oxidized Low-Density Lipoprotein in
Plasma is A Prognostic Marker of Subclinical Atherosclerosis Development in
Clinically Healthy Men. Jornal of Internal Medicine. 2004; 256: 413-420

Ludewig B., Laman J.D. The In and Out of Monocytes in Atherosclerotic Plaques: Balancing
Inflamation Through Migration. PNAS. 2004; 101(32): 11529-11530

Itabe H., Obama T., Kato R. The Dynamics of Oxidized LDL during Atherogenesis. Journal of
Lipids. 2011: 1-9

Shalhoub J., Falck-Hansen M.A., Davies A.H., Monaco C. Innate Immunity and Monocyte-
Macrophage Activation in Atherosclerosis. Journal of Inflammation. 2011; 8(9): 1-17

Louis S.F., Zahradka P. Vascular Smooth Muscle Cell Motility: From Migration to Invasion.
Exp. Clinical Cardiologi. 2010; 15(4): 75-82

Singh R.B., Mengi S.A., Xu Y. Arneja A.S., Dhalla N.S. Pathogenesis of Atherosclerosis: A
Multifactorial Process. Exp. Clinical Cardiology. 2002; 7(1): 40-50

Milioti N., Bermudez-Fajardo A., Penichet M.L., Oviedo-Orta E. Antigen-Induced

Immunomodulation in The Pathogenesis of Atherosclerosis. Clinical and Development
Immunology. 2008: 1-9

Pasterkam C., Falk E. Atherosclerotic Plaque Rupture: An Overviewi. Journal of Clinical and
Basic Cardiology. 2000; 3(2): 81-86

Van der Wal A.C., Becker A.E. Atherosclerotic Plaque Rupture-Pathologic Basis of Plaque
Stability and Instability. Elsevier Science. 1999: 334-344
Christensen H.W. Musculoskeletal Chest Pain in Patients with Stable Angina Pectoris-
Diagnosis and Treatment. Ph.D. Thesis Faculty of Health Sciences University of
Southern Denmark. 2004: 8-12

Tobin K.J. Stable Angina Pectoris: What Does the Current Clinical Evidence Tell Us?. The
Journal of The American Osteopathic Association. 2010; 110: 364-369

Guthrie R.B., Vlodaver Z., Nicoloff D.M. Edwards J.E. Pathology of Stable and Unstable
Angina Pectoris. Circulation Journal of The American Heart Association. 1975; 51:

Yeghiazarians Y., Braunstein J.B., Askari A., Stone P.H. Unstable Angina Pectoris. The New
England Journal of Medicine. 2004; 342(2): 101-111

Bagian Kardiologi FK UI. Buku Ajar Kardiologi. Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Indonesia.
2003: 166-172

Frattaroli J., Weidner G., Merritt-Worden T., Frenda S., Ornish D. Angina Pectoris and
Atherosclerotic Risk Factors in The Multisite Cardiac Lifestyle Intervention Program.
Elsevier Science. 2008: 911-917

Mann J.M., Kaski J.C., Pereira W.I., Arie S., Ramires J.A., Pileggi F. Histological Patterns of
Atherosclerotic Plaques in Unstable Angina Patients Vary According to Clinical
Presentation. Heart. 1998; 80: 19-22

Lewy R.I., Wiener L., Walinsky P., Lefer A.M., Silver M.J., Smith J.B. Thromboxane Release
During Pacing-Induced Angina Pectoris: Possible Vasocontrictor Influence on The
Coronary Vasculature. Circulation Journal of The American Heart Association. 1980;
61: 1165-1171

Japanese Circulation Society Joint Working Group. Guidelines for Diagnosis and Treatment
of Patients with Vasospastic Angina. Circulation Journal. 2008; 4: 1239-1252

Hong M., Mintz G.S., Lee C.W., Kim Y., Lee S., Song J. et al. Comparison of Coronary
Plaque Rupture Between Stable Angina and Acute Myocardial Infarction: A Three-
Vessel Intravascular Ultrasound Study in 235 Patients. Circulation Journal of the
American Heart Association. 2004; 110: 928-933

Duplain H., Burcelin R., Sartori C., Cook S., Egli M., Lepori M. et. al. Insulin Resistance,
Hyperlipidemia, Hypertension in Mice Lacking Endothelial Nitric Oxide Synthase.
Circulation Journal of The American Heart Association. 2001; 104: 342-345

Vogiatzi G., Tousoulis D., Stefanadis C. The Role of Oxidative Stress in Atherosclerosis.
Hellenic Journal of Cardiology. 2009; 50: 402-409
Libby P. Inflammation and Cardiovascular Disease Mechanisms. The American Journal of
Clinical Nutrition. 2006; 83: 456-460

Gutstein D.E., Fuster V. Pathophysiology and Clinical Significance of Atherosclerotic Plaque

Rupture. Elsevier Science. 1999: 323-333

Setianto B.Y., Astuti I., Irawan B., Mubarika S. Corelation Between Matrix
Metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) and Troponin-I (cTn-I) in ST-Elevation Myocardial
Infarction (STEMI) and Non ST-Elevation Acute Coronary Syndrome (NSTEACS).
Jurnal Kardiologi Indonesia. 2011; 32: 4-11

Li D., Mehta J.L. Oxidized LDL, A Critical Factor in Atherogenesis. Elsevier Science. 2005:

Aryana IGPS., Kuswardhani RA. T., Suastika K., Santoso A. Korelasi antara Obesitas
Sentral dengan Adiponektin pada Lansia dengan Penyakit Jantung Koroner. Jurnal
Penyakit Dalam. 2011: 81-86

Aprahamian T.R., Sam F. Adiponection in Cardiovascular Inflammation and Obesity.

International Journal of Inflammation. 2011: 1-6

Antoniades C., Antonopoulos A.S., Tousoulis D., Stefanidis C. Adiponection: from Obesity to
Cardiovascular Disease. Obesity Review. 2009; 10: 269-279

Bath P.M., Hassall D.G., Gladwin A.M., Palmer R.M., Martin J.F. Nitric Oxide and
Prostacyclin, Divergence of Inhibitory Effects on Monocyte Chemotaxis and Adhesion
to Endothelium In Vitro. Arterosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biologi Journal of
The American Heart Association. 1991; 11: 254-260

Williams IL., Wheatcroft SB., Shah AM, Kearney MT. Obesity, Atherosclerosis and The
Vascular Endothelium: Mechanisms of Reduced Nitric Oxide Bioavailability in Obese
Humans. International Journal of Obesity. 2002; 26: 754-764