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Power Control

Feature Guide
Power Control

Power Control
Version Date Author Reviewer Notes

Wang Compared with UR13, chapter 6.2~6.4


V1.00 2015/05/20 Chen Weijie
Shaojiang were updated.

© 2015 ZTE Corporation. All rights reserved.


ZTE CONFIDENTIAL: This document contains proprietary information of ZTE and is not to be disclosed or used
without the prior written permission of ZTE.
Due to update and improvement of ZTE products and technologies, information in this document is subjected to
change without notice.

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Power Control

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Power Control ..................................................................................................................... 1

Feature Guide ....................................................................................................................... 1

Power Control ..................................................................................................................... 1

FIGURES 4

TABLES 5

1 Feature Attribute ............................................................................................... 6

2 Overview ............................................................................................................ 6
2.1 Feature Introduction ............................................................................................. 6
2.1.1 ZWF21-04-009 Power Control ............................................................................. 6
2.1.2 ZWF21-04-008 Downlink Power Balancing .......................................................... 8
2.2 License Control .................................................................................................... 8
2.3 Correlation With Other Features .......................................................................... 9

3 Technical Description ....................................................................................... 9


3.1 ZWF21-04-009 Power Control ............................................................................. 9
3.1.1 Uplink Open Loop Power Control ......................................................................... 9
3.1.2 Downlink Open Loop Power Control .................................................................. 20
3.1.3 Uplink Inner Loop Power Control ....................................................................... 27
3.1.4 Downlink Inner Loop Power Control ................................................................... 35
3.1.5 Uplink Outer Loop Power Control....................................................................... 38
3.1.6 Downlink Outer Loop Power Control .................................................................. 43
3.2 ZWF21-04-008 Downlink Power Balancing ........................................................ 43
3.2.1 Algorithm Description ......................................................................................... 43
3.2.2 Related Measurement ........................................................................................ 46

4 Parameters....................................................................................................... 47
4.1 ZWF21-04-009 Power Control ........................................................................... 47
4.1.1 Uplink Open Loop Power Control Parameters.................................................... 47
4.1.2 Downlink Open Loop Power Control Parameters ............................................... 51
4.1.3 Uplink Inner Loop Power Control Parameters .................................................... 56
4.1.4 Downlink Inner Loop Power Control Parameters ................................................ 64
4.1.5 Uplink Outer Loop Power Control Parameters ................................................... 64
4.1.6 Downlink Outer Loop Power Control Parameters ............................................... 71
4.2 ZWF21-04-008 Downlink Power Balancing ........................................................ 75
4.2.1 Downlink Power Balancing Parameters ............................................................. 75
4.2.2 Node B Dedicated Measurement Parameters .................................................... 76

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5 Related Counters and Alarms ........................................................................ 81


5.1 Related Counters ............................................................................................... 81
5.2 Related Alarms .................................................................................................. 83

6 Engineering Guide .......................................................................................... 84


6.1 Application Scenario .......................................................................................... 84
6.2 Feature Activation Procedure ............................................................................. 84
6.2.1 ZWF21-04-009 Power Control ........................................................................... 84
6.2.2 ZWF21-04-008 Downlink Power Balancing ........................................................ 99
6.3 Feature Validation Procedure .......................................................................... 114
6.3.1 ZWF21-04-009 Power Control ......................................................................... 114
6.3.2 ZWF21-04-008 Downlink Power Balancing ...................................................... 115
6.4 Feature Deactivation Procedure....................................................................... 116
6.5 Impact on the Network ..................................................................................... 116

7 Abbreviation .................................................................................................. 117

8 Reference Document..................................................................................... 118

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FIGURES

Figure 3-1 Service Related Power Control Parameter Configuration Flowchart .................20
Figure 6-1 Parameter Configuration Interface 1 .................................................................85
Figure 6-2 Parameter Configuration Interface 2 .................................................................86
Figure 6-3 Parameter Configuration Interface 3 .................................................................87
Figure 6-4 Parameter Configuration Interface 4 .................................................................89
Figure 6-5 Parameter Configuration Interface 5 .................................................................90
Figure 6-6 Parameter Configuration Interface 6 .................................................................92
Figure 6-7 Parameter Configuration Interface 7 .................................................................94
Figure 6-8 Parameter Configuration Interface 8 .................................................................95
Figure 6-9 Parameter Configuration Interface 9 .................................................................96
Figure 6-10 Parameter Configuration Interface 10 .............................................................97
Figure 6-11 Parameter Configuration Interface 11 .............................................................98
Figure 6-12 Parameter Configuration Interface 12 .............................................................98
Figure 6-13 Parameter Configuration Interface13 ..............................................................99
Figure 6-14 Parameter Configuration Interface 14 ...........................................................100
Figure 6-15 Parameter Configuration Interface 15 ...........................................................101
Figure 6-16 Parameter Configuration Interface 16 ...........................................................102
Figure 6-17 Parameter Configuration Interface 17 ...........................................................104
Figure 6-18 Parameter Configuration Interface 18 ...........................................................105
Figure 6-19 Parameter Configuration Interface 19 ...........................................................107
Figure 6-20 Parameter Configuration Interface 20 ...........................................................109
Figure 6-21 Parameter Configuration Interface 21 ...........................................................110
Figure 6-22 Parameter Configuration Interface 22 ...........................................................111
Figure 6-23 Parameter Configuration Interface 23 ...........................................................112
Figure 6-24 Parameter Configuration Interface 24 ...........................................................113
Figure 6-25 Parameter Configuration Interface 25 ...........................................................113
Figure 6-26 Parameter Configuration Interface 26 ...........................................................114

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TABLES

Table 2-1 License Control List ............................................................................................ 9


Table 3-1 c and d Values for the UL WAMR6.60–23.85kbps Service ..............................13
Table 3-2 c and d Values for the UL NAMR4.75–12.2kbps Service .................................14
Table 3- c and d Values for the UL PS64kbps Streaming/Interactive/Background Service
.............................................................................................................................................15
Table 3-4 c and d Values for the UL PS128kbps Streaming/Interactive/Background
Service .................................................................................................................................15
Table 3-5 c and d Values for the UL PS384kbps and Services With Higher Rates
Streaming/Interactive/Background Service ...........................................................................16
Table 3-6 Initial Transmit Power Modes In Compressed Mode ..........................................32
Table 3-7 Recovery Period Power control modes during compressed mode .....................34
Table 4-1 Uplink Open Loop Power Control Parameters....................................................47
Table 4-2 Downlink Open Loop Power Control Parameters ...............................................51
Table 4-3 Uplink Inner Loop Power Control Parameters ....................................................56
Table 4-4 Downlink Inner Loop Power Control Parameters ................................................64
Table 4-5 Uplink Outer Loop Power Control Parameters ...................................................64
Table 4-6 Downlink Outer Loop Power Control Parameters ...............................................71
Table 4-7 Downlink Power Balancing Parameters .............................................................75
Table 4-8 Node B Dedicated Measurement Parameters ....................................................76
Table 5-1 Counter List .......................................................................................................81
Table 6-1 Feature Validation Procedure...........................................................................114
Table 6-2 Feature Validation Procedure...........................................................................115

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1 Feature Attribute
RNC version: [ZXWR RNC V3.14.10.14 / ZXUR 9000 V4.14.10.14]

Node B version: [ZXSDR V4.14.10]

Attribute: [Basic]

Involved NEs:
NE Name Related or Not Special Requirement

UE √ None

Node B √ None

RNC √ None

iTC - None

MSC - None

MGW - None

SGSN - None

GGSN - None

HLR - None
“√”: involved
“-”: not involved

2 Overview

2.1 Feature Introduction

2.1.1 ZWF21-04-009 Power Control

This feature is only for R99 power control. For the power control algorithms for HSDPA,
HSUPA and DC-HSUPA, refer to the ZTE UMTS HSDPA Introduction Feature Guide,
ZTE UMTS HSUPA Introduction Feature Guide, and ZTE UMTS DC-HSUPA Feature
Guide.

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Power control includes uplink power control and downlink power control. Uplink power
control is used to eliminate near-far effect and ensure the system capacity and QoS.
Downlink power control is used to increase the system capacity on the condition that the
QoS is guaranteed. The ZTE RAN system supports power control on both downlink and
uplink connections.

 Open Loop Power Control


Open loop power control sets the initial transmit power of each physical channel.

 Outer Loop Power Control


Outer loop power control (OLPC) is to reduce the power consumption to the
maximum extent while maintaining the quality of communication required by the
bearer service quality. For the uplink OLPC, the RNC estimates the uplink quality,
and increases the SIRtarget when the reception quality is poor, or decreases the
SIRtarget when the reception quality is good. The downlink OLPC is realized by UEs.
The downlink BLERtarget is set on the RAN side.

In the uplink OLPC, the uplink reception quality is estimated by the RNC based on
the uplink service quality or DPCCH BER (namely, Quality Estimate (QE)) reported
by the Node B. Here the uplink service quality is evaluated through the CRC code
carried in the Frame Protocol (FP). The ZTE RAN performs uplink OLPC based on
the uplink service quality and DPCCH BER (QE). When only the uplink service
quality is considered, it takes a long time to adjust SIRtarget to a proper value after
the channel condition gets better suddenly. Moreover, at the beginning of
transmission, SIRtarget is usually set to a large value to ensure secure
communication. It also takes a long time to make SIRtarget reach an ideal value at the
initial convergence. The DPCCH BER evaluates and reacts to radio conditions
more quickly and accurately, so both DPCCH BER and service quality are taken
into account in the uplink OLPC. Additionally, the step of downgrading SIRtarget is
adjustable, which facilitates speeding up SIRtarget convergence when the radio
condition gets better suddenly.

 Inner Loop Power Control


Inner loop power control enables signals at the receiving end to reach the SIRtarget
by adjusting the transmit power of the peer end, so that the problem of channel
fading is solved. The principle of uplink inner loop power control is: The Node B

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compares the received uplink SIR with the SIRtarget specified by OLPC, and then
sends the power control command to a UE to adjust the transmit power, so that the
SIR value changes quickly to reach the SIRtarget. If the measured SIR is lower
(higher) than the SIRtarget, the Node B uses the power control command to notify the
UE to increase (decrease) its transmit power. The downlink power control is the
same as uplink power control, except that the power control command is sent by the
UE and executed in the Node B.

Both outer loop power control and inner loop power control are closed loop power
control.

2.1.2 ZWF21-04-008 Downlink Power Balancing

In the macro diversity status of a soft handover, a UE can communicate with all cells in
the active set. In this situation, the UE sends the same TPC commands to the cells in the
active set. The links have different transmission paths, so error codes will be produced in
the TPC commands, and some Node Bs receive wrong TPC commands. As a result,
some Node Bs increase their transmit power and some Node Bs decrease their transmit
power. Therefore, power drifting occurs. If the received power of different links differs a
lot, a high block error rate is caused after the combination of macro diversities on the UE,
and the gain of soft handover is decreased.

The ZTE RAN system uses downlink power balancing to eliminate power drifting. The
RNC allocates a reference or common reference power benchmark for each radio link in
the active set. The Node B calculates the power of each link adjusted as a result of power
balancing and adds the value to the power value used for downlink inner loop power
control. In this way, the power drifting is solved on the radio link.

2.2 License Control

The ZWF21-04-009 power control and ZWF21-04-008 downlink power balancing


features are independent of the license.

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Table 2-1 License Control List

License Configured Sales


Feature ID Feature Name
Control Item NE Unit

ZWF21-04-009 Power Control N/A N/A N/A

ZWF21-04-008 Downlink Power N/A N/A N/A


Balancing

2.3 Correlation With Other Features

1. Required Features

None

2. Mutually Exclusive Features

None

3. Affected Features

None

3 Technical Description

3.1 ZWF21-04-009 Power Control

3.1.1 Uplink Open Loop Power Control

3.1.1.1 Uplink Open Loop Power Control of a Common Channel

The uplink open loop power control of a common channel is to determine the PRACH
transmit power.

In FDD mode, when a UE transmits the first preamble of PRACH, it calculates the initial

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power by using the following formula:

Preamble_Initial_Power = Primary CPICH DL TX power – CPICH_RSCP + UL


interference + Constant Value (3.1-1)

Where,

 Primary CPICH DL TX power is the transmit power of the primary CPICH channel,
and its value is obtained from the UUtranCellFDD.primaryCpichPower parameter.
The UE obtains the primary CPICH DL TX power from System Information Block
type 6 (SIB 6) (or SIB 5 if SIB 6 is not broadcast).

 UL interference is the uplink interference, which is measured and obtained by the


Node B and updated in real time in SIB 7. The UE obtains the UL Interference from
SIB 7.

 Constant Value is a value related to the cell environment and tower mounted
amplifier (TMA) configuration. It is calculated by the following formula:

Constant Value = Const_Val – ulRxGain_TMA

Where,

 Const_Val is obtained from the UPrach.constVal parameter.

 ulRxGain_TMA is the uplink Rx gain provided by the TMA, and its value is
obtained from the UCelInfoFDD.ulRxGainTMA parameter. When the TMA is
installed, the gain of the antenna feeder is produced, and the parameter is set
to the gain value. When the TMA is not installed, this parameter is set to 0.

The UE obtains the constant value from SIB 6 (or SIB 5 if SIB 6 is not broadcast).

If the parameters in the system broadcast information change, the UE calculates the
initial transmit power again and submits the result to the physical layer.

When the physical random access process is started, the UE sets the preamble transmit
power as Preamble_Initial_Power. If the value of Preamble_Initial_Power exceeds the
maximum power UUtranCellFDD.maxRachTxPwr, the UE sets the preamble transmit
power to the maximum power. If no response (+1 or -1) is received through the AICH

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after the preamble consisting of the selected signature and scramble is sent out, the UE
selects a new signature in the next timeslot, and uses it to form a preamble together with
the scramble, and then sends the preamble again. Next, the UE increases the preamble
transmit power by the Power Ramp Step [dB]. If the number of preamble transmissions
reaches the maximum number of retransmissions, the UE will exit the physical random
access procedure. If the response (+1) is received through the AICH, the UE transmits a
random access message. The power of the control part of the random access message
is the last transmit power of the preamble plus the offset P p-m [dB].

From the above description we get the formula for calculating the transmit power of the
control part of the PRACH message:

er  PowerRampStep P p - m
wer  Preamble_Initial_Pow
PRACH_C_Po
(3.1-2)

Where,

 Power Ramp Step is the power offset between two continuous preambles. It is
obtained from the UPrach.pRStep parameter.

 Pp_m is the power offset between the control part of the PRACH message part and
the last preamble, and its value is 2dB.

In addition, PRACH is similar to the uplink DPCH. That is, its data field and control field
are sent out after being multiplexed with I and Q channels and then added by scramble

c d
on the physical layer. Therefore, the parameters and (gain factor of the control

c
channel and data channel of the message part) also need to be determined. Here,

d
is 11, and is 15.

The UL interference can be updated in SIB 7 in two ways, which is configured by the
UUtranCellFDD.sIB7Originator parameter.

 If UUtranCellFDD.sIB7Originator is set to RNC, the Node B reports the common


measurement report of the RTWP to the RNC. When the RNC detects that the
change of RTWP is not less than the uplink interference update threshold (1dB), it
broadcasts it to the UE through the broadcast channel.

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 If UUtranCellFDD.sIB7Originator is set to Node B, the Node B updates the UL


interference directly in the system message based on the change of RTWP.

3.1.1.2 Uplink Open Loop Power Control of the R99 Dedicated Channel

Uplink open loop power control of the dedicated channel is to determine the initial

c d
transmit power of DPCCH, and the gain factors and of the uplink control

physical channel and uplink data physical channel.

1. Power configuration of DPCCH:

As required by the related standard, a UE should start uplink inner loop power
control according to the following power level when the first DPCCH is being set up:

DPCCH_Initial_power = DPCCH_Power_offset – CPICH_RSCP (3.1-3)

Where,

 The value of DPCCH_Power_offset is determined by the DPCCH open loop


power control method.

 The value of CPICH_RSCP is the CPICH channel code power measured by


the UE.

DPCCH_Power_offset is calculated by the following formula:

DPCCH _ Power _ Offset  Eb / N 0 (dB)  ( NT  IT )(dBm)  PG (dB)  CPICH _ TX _ Power


 ULRxGain _ TMA

(3.1-4)

Where,

 Eb/N0 is the quality factor of the DPCCH PILOT field. It is related to the service
type, and obtained from the USrvDivPc.dpcchPilotEbN0 parameter.

 NT+IT is the uplink interference, namely, RTWP, which is reported by the Node
B through the common measurement report (RTWP) and updated in real time
in SIB 7.

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 PG is the spread gain, fixed to 256.

 CPICH_TX_Power is the transmit power of the P-CPICH, obtained from the


UUtranCellFDD.primaryCpichPower parameter.

 ULRxGain_TMA is the uplink Rx gain provided by the TMA, and its value is
obtained from the UCelInfoFDD.ulRxGainTMA parameter. When the TMA is
installed, the gain of antenna feeder is produced, and the parameter is set to
the gain value. When the TMA is not installed, the parameter is set to 0.

 Note: The quality factor of the DPCCH PILOT field is related to the cell load
scenario, diversity mode, and service type.

2. Determination and configuration of c and d (gain factor of uplink control/data


physical channel):

Different strategies are used according to the features of a single service and
multi-service:

i. For a single service, c and d are configured directly according to different


service rates and different TFCs. It is usually required that either c or d must
be 15. Table 3-1 to Table 3-5 list the c and d values configured in the ZTE
RNC for several common services in the case of different TFC formats. In the
tables, 1×144 is the format of signaling transmission.

Table 3-1 c and d Values for the UL WAMR6.60–23.85kbps Service

TFC Format c d

0×40, 0×405, 0×0, 0×144 15 1

1×40, 0×405, 0×0, 0×144 15 9

1×54, 1×78, 0×0, 0×144 15 13

1×64, 1×113, 0×0, 0×144 15 15

1×72, 1×181, 0×0, 0×144 15 15

1×72, 1×213, 0×0, 0×144 14 15

1×72, 1×245, 0×0, 0×144 14 15

1×72, 1×293, 0×0, 0×144 13 15

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TFC Format c d

1×72, 1×325, 0×0, 0×144 12 15

1×72, 1×389, 0×0, 0×144 12 15

1×72, 1×405, 0×0, 0×144 11 15

0×40, 0×405, 0×0, 1×144 15 11

1×40, 0×405, 0×0, 1×144 15 14

1×54, 1×78, 0×0, 1×144 15 15

1×64, 1×113, 0×0, 1×144 15 15

1×72, 1×181, 0×0, 1×144 13 15

1×72, 1×213, 0×0, 1×144 13 15

1×72, 1×245, 0×0, 1×144 12 15

1×72, 1×293, 0×0, 1×144 12 15

1×72, 1×325, 0×0, 1×144 11 15

1×72, 1×389, 0×0, 1×144 11 15

1×72, 1×405, 0×0, 1×144 11 15

Table 3-2 c and d Values for the UL NAMR4.75–12.2kbps Service

TFC Format c d

0×39, 0×103, 0×60, 0×144 15 1

1×39, 0×103, 0×60, 0×144 15 9

1×42, 1×53, 0×60, 0×144 15 12

1×49, 1×54, 0×60, 0×144 15 12

1×55, 1×63, 0×60, 0×144 15 13

1×58, 1×76, 0×60, 0×144 15 14

1×61, 1×87, 0×60, 0×144 15 14

1×75, 1×84, 0×60, 0×144 15 15

1×65, 1×99, 1×40, 0×144 14 15

1×81, 1×103, 1×60, 0×144 13 15

0×39, 0×103, 0×60, 1×144 15 14

1×39, 0×103, 0×60, 1×144 15 15

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TFC Format c d

1×42, 1×53, 0×60, 1×144 14 15

1×49, 1×54, 0×60, 1×144 13 15

1×55, 1×63, 0×60, 1×144 13 15

1×58, 1×76, 0×60, 1×144 12 15

1×61, 1×87, 0×60, 1×144 12 15

1×75, 1×84, 0×60, 1×144 12 15

1×65, 1×99, 1×40, 1×144 11 15

1×81, 1×103, 1×60, 1×144 11 15

Table 3-3 c and d Values for the UL PS64kbps Streaming/Interactive/Background


Service

TFC Format c d

0×336, 0×144 15 1

1×336, 0×144 15 14

2×336, 0×144 11 15

4×336, 0×144 8 15

0×336, 1×144 15 8

1×336, 1×144 14 15

2×336, 1×144 10 15

4×336, 1×144 8 15

Table 3-4 c and d Values for the UL PS128kbps Streaming/Interactive/Background


Service

TFC Format c d

0×336, 0×144 15 1

1×336, 0×144 15 14

2×336, 0×144 11 15

4×336, 0×144 8 15

8×336, 0×144 6 15

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TFC Format c d

0×336, 1×144 15 9

1×336, 1×144 14 15

2×336, 1×144 10 15

4×336, 1×144 8 15

8×336, 1×144 6 15

Table 3-5 c and d Values for the UL PS384kbps and Services With Higher Rates
Streaming/Interactive/Background Service

TFC Format c d

0×336, 0×144 15 1

1×336, 0×144 11 15

2×336, 0×144 8 15

4×336, 0×144 8 15

8×336, 0×144 6 15

12×336, 0×144 5 15

0×336, 1×144 15 8

1×336, 1×144 10 15

2×336, 1×144 8 15

4×336, 1×144 8 15

8×336, 1×144 6 15

12×336, 1×144 5 15

ii. For multi-service, the c and d values are calculated by the RNC and
configured for the UE.

3. Calculation of c and d for multi-service

We assume services A and B are provided (including signaling) for a UE.

(1) For the transmission combination (TFCmulti) when services A and B are
combined, the number of bits per frame mapped to the transport channel by each

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service is calculated according to the transmission format indication (TFI_i) of each


service corresponding to TFCmulti.

(2) The service with more bits transmitted in a frame is selected as the reference
service, and the service corresponding to the TFI that corresponds to TFCmulti is
selected as the reference service.

(3) The c and d corresponding to TFCsingle (formed by TFI_i of the selected


reference service) are taken as the reference c and d.

(4) The following formula is used to calculate and obtain the c and d
corresponding to this TFCmulti.

 d ,r ef Lr ef Kj
Aj  
 c ,r ef Lj K r ef
(3.1-5)

 c, j
 If Aj > 1, then  d , j  1.0 and is the maximum quantified value that

satisfies the condition that  c, j  1 / Aj. Note: If c, j  0 is obtained, then

 c, j  1 / 15 .

d, j
 If Aj <= 1, then is the minimum quantified value that satisfies the

condition that  d , j  Aj, and  c , j  1.0 .

Where,

 c,ref and d,ref are the gain factors corresponding to the above mentioned
TFCsingle. c,j and  d,j are the gain factors corresponding to the j
th
type of
TFCmulti.

 Lref is the number of dedicated physical channels needed by the number of bits
to be sent out in the case of TFCsingle.

 L,j is the number of dedicated physical channels needed by the number of bits
to be sent out in the case of TFCmulti.

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K r ef   RM i  N i
 i

Where: RMi is the semi-static rate matching factor of transport channel i in the
TFCsingle combination; Ni is the number of bits mapped from transport channel i to a
radio frame before rate matching is performed. ∑ refers to summing up all transport
channels in the TFC.

K j   RM i  N i
 i

The parameters in this formula have the same meanings as those in the previous
formulas. But ∑ refers to summing up all transport channels in the TFCj (TFCmulti).

4. To ensure that the power of the data channel reaches the required value before
data is transmitted, the power control preamble is sent before data transmission on
the uplink dedicated channel. In addition, closed loop power control is already
performed while the power control preamble is sent out. The length of the preamble
depends on the UCelInfoFDD.dpcchPcpLen parameter. At the same time, when
uplink DPDCH data is sent, no RB0–RB4 signaling is included in the first several
frames. The number of delayed signaling frames depends on the
UCelInfoFDD.srbDelay parameter.

3.1.1.3 Uplink Open Loop Power Control of the R99 in Compressed Mode

The gain factors c,C,j and d,C,j corresponding to a certain TFC used by the compressed
frame in compressed mode are obtained from c and d used by radio frames in normal
mode. The formula is as follows:

15 N pilot ,C
AC , j  Aj 
Nslots,C  N pilot , N
(3.1-6)

Where,

 Aj is the ratio of d to c in normal mode.

 AC,j is the ratio of d,C to c,C in compressed mode.

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 Npilot,C is the number of pilot bits per timeslot in the compressed frame in
compressed mode

 Npilot,N is the number of pilot bits per timeslot in normal mode.

 Nslots,C is the number of timeslots used for data sending in the compressed
frame in compressed mode.

AC,j is obtained by the above formula when the current frame is compressed. The
following rules are then used to obtain the values of d,c,j and c,C,j.

c,C, j
 If AC,j > 1, then  d ,C , j  1.0 and is the maximum quantified value that

c,C, j
satisfies the condition that <= 1 / Aj . Note: If  c ,C , j  0 is obtained,

then  c ,C , j  1 / 15 .

d, j
 If AC,j <= 1, then is the minimum quantified value that satisfies the

d, j
condition that >= Aj, and  c, j  1.0 .

3.1.1.4 Acquisition Method of Service Related Power Control Parameters

The service related power control parameters are acquired as follows:

1. The configuration profile ID for power control indicated by


UUtranCellFDD.refUSrvPcProfile is found in the management object
(UUtranCellFDD).

2. The configuration profile (USrvPcProfile) that includes the power control parameters
for all service types is obtained through UUtranCellFDD.refUSrvPcProfile matching
with USrvPcProfile.profileId. These parameters are related to the load scenario
indicated by USrvPcProfile.intialloadscene. Then the power control parameters
used for a service type matching with USrvPc.srvType are obtained from the child
object (USrvPc) of the configuration profile (USrvPcProfile).

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3. Because some parameters for power control are related with transmit diversity
mode and the parameters are in the child object (USrvDivPc) of the object (USrvPc),
we need to match the actual transmit diversity mode of the user to
USrvDivPc.txDivMod and get the transmit diversity mode related the parameters for
power control for the service type.

The following figure shows the detailed procedure.

Figure 3-1 Service Related Power Control Parameter Configuration Flowchart

UUtranCellFDD USubSrv Transmit diversity mode

UUtranCellFDD.refUSrvPcProfile USubSrv.srvType

USrvFunction::
USrvPcProfile::USrvPc USrvPc::USrvDivPc
USrvPcProfile

Service and transmit


Service related power
diversity mode related
control parameters
power control parameters

3.1.2 Downlink Open Loop Power Control

3.1.2.1 Configuration of Initial Power of the R99 Downlink Common Channel

In the downlink direction, the initial transmit power of P-CPICH, S-CPICH, P-CCPCH,
SCH, AICH, PICH and S-CCPCH should be configured. These channels are downlink
common physical channels.

The transmit power of P-CPICH indicated by UUtranCellFDD.primaryCpichPower


depends on the proportion of maximum transmit power of a cell.

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The power of P-CCPCH, P-SCH, S-SCH, AICH, and PICH depend on the offset to the
power of P-CPICH. BCH is mapped to the P-CCPCH physical channel. P-CCPCH power
is the same as that of BCH. In a non MIMO cell (cell portion), the S-CPICH power is
indicated by UScpich.scpichPwr.

Where,

Power offset of P-SCH is indicated by UUtranCellFDD.primarySchPower;

Power offset of S-SCH is indicated by UUtranCellFDD.secondarySchPower;

Power offset of AICH is indicated by UUtranCellFDD.aichPower;

Power offset of PICH is indicated by UUtranCellFDD.pichPower;

Power offset of BCH is indicated by UUtranCellFDD.bchPower.

Because the physical channel S-CCPCH bears the transport channels PCH and FACH,
and the number of FACH channels is not fixed, the transmit power of each PCH indicated
by UUtranCellFDD.pchPower and the maximum transmit power allowed for each FACH
indicated by USccpch.maxFachPwr borne by a certain S-CCPCH are specified in the
related protocol. Because the data rate of PCH is invariable, the transmit power of PCH
is determined by a fixed rate. The transmit power of FACH is determined by the
maximum data rate borne by this FACH. For different rates, the transmit power can be
measured in the actual environment. The transmit power of the data field of S-CCPCH
depends on the PCH transmit power and the maximum value of the maximum transmit
power of FACH borne on S-CCPCH. The transmit power of the TFCI field and Pilot field
of S-CCPCH are indicated respectively by the offsets PO1(USccpch.pO1) and
PO3(USccpch.pO3) relative to the transmit power of the data field.

3.1.2.2 Downlink Open Loop Power Control of the R99 Dedicated Channel

The transmit power of the downlink dedicated physical channel is related to the load of
the cell, interference, path losses, and rate of the bearer service. In the related protocol,
the initial transmit power of a specific dedicated channel is for the physical channel.
Therefore, the initial transmit power should be calculated separately for a single service
and multi-service. The estimation power algorithm based on CPICH Ec/N0 is used for

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calculating the initial transmit power.

1. Initial power of downlink dedicated channel

When a UE accesses or is handed over to the cell, and a downlink dedicated


physical channel needs to be set up for the UE. The RNC should configure the
downlink initial transmit power for the Node B. The strategy for configuring the initial
transmit power of the downlink dedicated channel affects the performance of the
links and capacity of the system.

The following formula is used to calculate the initial transmit power:

 
 Ptx ,CPICH   
     min 
Ptx ,init      min  max L  k1   Ptx ,total   PowerOffset
PG  E c cpich  
 1  k  10 k2

 N0 
(3.1-7)

Where,

 PG is the service processing gain, namely, W/R. W is 3.84Mbps, and R is the


bit rate of the service.

Ptx,CPICH
 is transmit power of the P-CPICH (dBm), obtained from

UUtranCellFDD.primaryCpichPower.

Eccpich

N0 is CPICH Ec/No(dB) reported by the UE. For details refer to the

ZTE UMTS Admission Control Feature Guide. Note: The CPICH Ec/No in the
Iur interface is calculated by the CPICH Ec/No of the UE measurement result
minus URncFunction.iurEcNoDelta.

  min is the lower limit of the downlink orthogonal factor. For details, refer to
the ZTE UMTS Admission Control Feature Guide.

  max is the upper limit of the downlink orthogonal factor. For details, refer to
the ZTE UMTS Admission Control Feature Guide.

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 k is the coefficient factor. It is fixed to 0.01.

 L represents path loss. L is obtained from the measurement result reported by


the UE. If L cannot be obtained from the measurement result, its value is
130dB.

The rule for obtaining L from the measurement result reported from the UE is
as follows:

If the measurement quantity of the UE is Pathloss, L=Valuepathloss.

If the measurement quantity of the UE is RSCP, L= PPCPICH – ValueRSCP.


PPCPICH refers to the transmit power of the PCPICH.

 k1 and k2 are scenario parameters. The values of k1 and k2 vary with specific
scenarios, including a densely-populated urban area, suburban area, and rural
area.
Dense Urban Urban Suburb Rural
K1=–32.9116 K1=–53.5116 K1=–51.1716 K1=–48.8116

K2=–33.5849 K2=–25.8549 K2=–22.8249 K2=–21.5249

 Ptx,total is the total transmit power of a cell before a UE accesses the cell. It is
obtained from the common measurement report (TCP- Transmitted Carrier
Power). Note: For an HS cell, Ptx,total is the valid load of TCP, and obtained
through the Node B's common measurement report HS-DSCH Required
Power and Transmitted carrier power of all codes not used for HS. Ptx,total =
MaxSpi
NOHSDSCHPower  
Spi 0
HSDSCHRequiredPowerSpi
( ).

 β=10^((Eb/N0)/10), where Eb/N0 is the Eb/N0 of the service type configured


corresponding to the current rate of the access service. Typical values of
Eb/N0 are:
Traffic Class Data Rate Downlink Traffic Eb/N0 (dB)

Conversational DL WAMR6.60–23.85kbps 5.1

Conversational DL 64kbps(PS Conversational 5.2

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Traffic Class Data Rate Downlink Traffic Eb/N0 (dB)


Video)

Conversational DL NAMR4.75–12.2kbps 5.1

Streaming PS64 kbps 1.7

Streaming PS384 kbps 0.9

Streaming PS128 kbps 0.9

Interactive PS64 kbps 4.8

Interactive PS384 kbps 0.9

Interactive PS128 kbps 0.9

Background PS64 kbps 1.7

Background PS384 kbps 0.9

Background PS128 kbps 0.9

Streaming CS64 kbps 1.7

Interactive PS8 kbps 6.9

Background PS8 kbps 6.9

 PowerOffset is different for different situations.


i. Add an RL in SRNC.
Situation of Adding an RL in SRNC PowerOffset

Call Setup UCelInfoFDD.pOSetup

Soft or Softer Handover UCelInfoFDD.pOSoftHO

RAB Hard Handover (RAB on DCH)

Incoming SRNC Relocation (RAB on DCH)

CELL_FACH or CELL_PCH Transfer to CELL_DCH state UCelInfoFDD.pORabHar


(RAB on DCH) dHO

Balancing in RAB assignment and call holding procedure


(RAB on DCH)

Hard Handover for only SRB on DPDCH

Hard Handover for F-DPCH

CELL_FACH or CELL_PCH Transfer to CELL_DCH state


UCelInfoFDD.pOSrbHard
(RAB on HS-DSCH)
HO
Balancing in RAB assignment and call holding procedure
(RAB on HS-DSCH)

Balancing in initial RRC procedure

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Situation of Adding an RL in SRNC PowerOffset

UCelInfoFDD.pOReEstab
Call Re-Establishment
lish

ii. Add an RL in DRNC.


Situation of Adding an RL in DRNC PowerOffset

Add an RL with RAB on the DPDCH

Add an RL for F-DPCH transmission (no service on this UCelInfoFDD.pOSoftHO


RL)

Add an RL with only SRB on the DPDCH


UCelInfoFDD.pOSrbHar
Add an RL for F-DPCH transmission (with service on this
dHO
RL)

iii. For radio link reconfiguration, if the initial power needs to be calculated
again, the PowerOffset is 0.

To avoid excessive power usage of the dedicated channel, the maximum power
offset indicated by USrvDivPc.maxDlDpchPwr and minimum power offset indicated
by USrvDivPc.minDlDpchPwr of DPCH are specified in the 3GPP protocol.

To calculate the transmit power of a downlink dedicated physical channel for


j
multi-service, first, the transmit power (data part) DPCH_POWER needed for
transmitting each service is obtained with the calculation method used for a single
service. Second, the initial transmit power of DPCH for multi-service is calculated
based on the transmit power needed for each service. The formula is as follows:

N
DPCH _ Initial_ Power   j DPCH _ Power
j 1 (3.1-8)

On the DPCH, the bits of TFCI, TPC and PILOT are also multiplexed besides the
data bits because the information carried by these bits is important. Therefore, the
needed power is also a little higher than that of the data field. The power value
depends on the offset relative to the power of the data field and is indicated by PO1
(USrvDivPc.dpchPO1), PO2 (USrvDivPc.dpchPO2) and PO3 (USrvDivPc.dpchPO3)
respectively.

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ZTE supports the dynamic update PO2 function. When the dynamic update PO2
switch (ULogicalRnc.dynaUpdtPO2Sw) is turned on, the PO2 is dynamically
updated as follows:

The PO2 (USrvDivPc.dpchPO2) value is obtained based on the DPCH data rate
and traffic class. If DPCH bears multi-service, USrvDivPc.dpchPO2 values are
obtained respectively according to the service type, and then the minimum value is
obtained and sent to the Node B through the FP. If the DPCH data rate is changed,
then the new PO2 is obtained and sent to the Node B in the same way. Therefore,
PO2 dynamic update is completed.

The parameters involved in this section, such as USrvDivPc.maxDlDpchPwr,


USrvDivPc.minDlDpchPwr, USrvDivPc.dpchPO1, USrvDivPc.dpchPO2 and
USrvDivPc.dpchPO3, are related to cell load scenarios, diversity modes, and
service types. For the method for obtaining these parameters, refer to Section
3.1.1.4.

2. Related measurement

 TCP: Transmitted Carrier Power. The internal measurement value of the Node
B is obtained from the common measurement report and reported to the RNC.
The measurement is started after the cell is set up and the common transport
channel of the cell is set up, and ended after the cell is deleted.

 CPICH Ec/N0: the SNR for reception of CPICH. When a service is set up, the
measurement result carried in the RRC connection request is used. In the
case of handover, the measurement result of the intra-frequency or
inter-frequency measurement report is used.

3.1.2.3 Downlink Open Loop Power Control of the R99 in Compressed Mode

Because the adjustment proportion of DPDCH transmit power is the same as that of the
control field for the downlink compressed mode, it is unnecessary to change the values
of PO1, PO2 and PO3. That means the power offset between the control part and data
part in the compressed mode is the same as that in normal mode.

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3.1.3 Uplink Inner Loop Power Control

3GPP TS 25.214 specifies the following methods for calculating inner loop power control.

 At the receiving end, the SIR measurement (SIR=Eb/No) is performed for each
received radio link, and then the measurement result is compared with the
target SIR (SIRtarget) required by the service.

 If SIR ≥ SIRtarget, control information is returned to the sender, which is a


transmit power command (Transmitted Power Control-TPC) whose bit value is
0.

 If SIR < SIRtarget, a TPC command whose bit value is 1 is returned through the
downlink control channel to the sender.

 The sender determines whether to increase or decrease the transmit power


depending on the received TPC command and specified power control
algorithm. The adjustment extent is TPC_cmd×TPC_STEP_SIZE, where,
TPC_STEP_SIZE is obtained from USrvPc.tpcStepSize.

This section discusses how to select the proper inner loop power control algorithm. The
principles of inner loop power control for the uplink and downlink are the same.

Note about TPC: When the first radio link is set up between the UTRAN and UE, the
UTRAN cannot calculate the TPC by using the normal process before uplink
synchronization. Therefore, the UTRAN sends a fixed TPC pattern in the TPC bit of the
downlink DPCH. The TPC pattern should consist of UUtranCellFDD.dlTpcN instances of
the pair of TPC commands (0, 1), followed by one instance of TPC command 1. The TPC
pattern continuously repeats but should be forcibly restarted at the beginning of each
frame where CFN mod 4 = 0. The TPC pattern should be terminated once the uplink
synchronization is achieved.

3.1.3.1 Uplink Inner Loop Power Control of the R99 in Normal Mode

There are two uplink inner loop power control algorithms, which are described as follows:

 Algorithm 1 (When USrvPc.ulIlPcAlg is set to Algorithm 1 ):

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For Algorithm 1, the transmit power of the sender can be adjusted in every timeslot.
The UE determines whether to increase or decrease the transmit power according
to the TPC command received in each timeslot.

Rules for the UE to combine the TPC commands are as follows:

 Suppose the TPCs of all radio link sets are 1, then TPC_cmd = 1 (to increase
transmit power).

 Suppose one TPC coming from any radio link set is 0, then TPC_cmd = –1
(TPC = 0 indicates the transmit power should be decreased).

 Algorithm 2 (When USrvPc.ulIlPcAlg is set to Algorithm 2):

For Algorithm 2, the transmit power of the sender is adjusted every five timeslots.
Rules for the UE to combine the TPC commands are different in the following two
cases.

When a single TPC is received in one timeslot: The transmit power is not adjusted
th
during the first four timeslots (TPC_cmd = 0). When the TPC command of the 5
timeslot is received, a soft decision is made: TPC_cmd = 1 if all the five TPC
commands are 1; TPC_cmd =–1 if all the five TPC commands are 0; TPC_cmd = 0
in other cases.

When several TPCs are received in one timeslot: The transmit power is not
adjusted during the first four timeslots of the five continuous timeslots
th
(TPC_cmd=0). At the 5 timeslot, the TPCi (i=1,2,…,N, N is the number of radio link
TPC commands from different radio link sets) is determined first. Next, the TPCs
are respectively combined according to the TPC command rule used for the case
where a single TPC is received to obtain N temporary TPC commands (TPC_temp).
Finally, the TPC_cmds are combined using the following rule:

N
1
N
 TPC _ temp i  0.5
 If i 1 , then TPC_cmd = 1.

TPC _ tempi
 If any of is –1, then TPC_cmd = –1.

 In other cases, TPC_cmd = 0.

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Note: TPC_cmd = 1 indicates that the transmit power needs to be increased;


TPC_cmd = –1 indicates that the transmit power needs to be decreased; TPC_cmd
=0 indicates that the transmit power does not need to be adjusted.

Principles for selecting the inner loop power control algorithm:

 For Algorithm 1, inner loop power control is performed every timeslot, while for
Algorithm 2, inner loop power control is performed every five timeslots. That means
the frequency of inner loop power control for Algorithm 1 is higher. When the mobile
communication environment is quite unfavorable and the channel fades very quickly,
Algorithm 1 helps to converge the transmit power quickly to meet the service quality
requirement.

 For Algorithm 2, the inner loop power control is performed every five timeslots, so
the frequency of inner loop power control is lower compared with Algorithm 1. So
Algorithm 2 is applicable to favorable radio communication environments (the MS is
or will be in static state, for instance) and scenarios where the channel fades lowly
or hardly fades.

 Algorithm 1 either increases or decreases the transmit power when the TPC
command is received. Algorithm 2 increases, decreases or does not change the
transmit power after making a soft decision based on the TPC commands at five
different timeslots. Therefore, Algorithm 1 is more applicable to scenarios where the
channel fades fast, because the channel needs to increase or decrease the transmit
power quickly.

 In scenarios where the channel fades slowly, Algorithm 2 is more applicable


because the BLER is good enough over an extended period even if the transmit
power is not changed during this period and the measured SIR changes very little
as opposed to the target SIR.

Note:

 When uplink inner loop power control is performed, the transmit power calculated
by the UE can exceed the maximum transmit power of the uplink DPCH indicated
by USrvDivPc.maxUlDpchPwr. In this case, the UE can only transmit with the
configured maximum transmit power.

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3.1.3.2 Uplink Inner Loop Power Control of the R99 in Compressed Mode

The principle of inner loop power control in compressed mode is the same as that in
normal mode. That means the serving cell (a cell in the active set) estimates the received
SIRest of uplink DPCH, and one TPC command is produced and sent in each timeslot
except the downlink transmission gap according to the following rules.

If SIRest > SIRcm_target, then the TPC command is set to 0; if SIRest < SIRcm_target, then the
TPC command is set to 1. SIRcm_target is the target SIR value during the period when the
compressed mode is used.

Method for determining the SIRcm_target:

SIRcm_target = SIRtarget + ΔSIRPILOT + ΔSIR1_coding + ΔSIR2_coding (3.1-9)

Where,

 SIRtarget is the target SIR in normal mode.

 ΔSIRPILOT = 10Log10 (Npilot,N/Npilot,curr_frame):

 Npilot,curr_frame is the number of pilot bits per timeslot in the current uplink link
frame.

 Npilot,N is the number of pilot bits per timeslot in normal mode without
transmission gap.

 ΔSIR1_coding and ΔSIR2_coding are obtained from the parameters of the


high-level signaling configuration, that means DeltaSIR1, DeltaSIR2,
DeltaSIRafter1 and DeltaSIRafter2 can be calculated using the following methods.

 If the current uplink link frame contains the start of the first transmission gap of
the transmission gap pattern, then ΔSIR1_coding = DeltaSIR1. DeltaSIR1 is
obtained from UCompressMode.DeltaSIR1.

 If the current uplink link frame contains the frame next to the start of the first
transmission gap of the transmission gap pattern, then ΔSIR1_coding =
DeltaSIRafter1. DeltaSIRafter1 is obtained from
UCompressMode.DeltaSIRafter1.

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 If the current uplink link frame contains the start of the second transmission
gap of the transmission gap pattern, then ΔSIR2_coding = DeltaSIR2.
DeltaSIR2 is obtained from UCompressMode.DeltaSIR2.

 If the current uplink link frame contains the frame next to the start of the
second transmission gap of the transmission gap pattern, then ΔSIR2_coding
= DeltaSIRafter2. DeltaSIRafter2 is obtained from
UCompressMode.DeltaSIRafter2.

 In other cases, ΔSIR1_coding = 0 dB, and ΔSIR2_coding = 0 dB.

One TGPS (Transmission Gap Pattern Sequence) has only one measurement value, but
the UE can measure several values at the same time, so multiple compressed modes
can be activated at the same time in one radio frame. In this case, the SIR1_coding and
SIR2_coding corresponding to each compressed mode can be calculated, and then they
are summed up to obtain the available ΔSIR1_coding and ΔSIR2_coding.

N
SIR1 _ coding   SIR1 _ coding, i
i 1

N
SIR2 _ coding  SIR2 _ coding, i
i 1

Where, N is the number of types of compressed modes activated at the same time in one
radio frame.

Because no TPC command is sent in the timeslot of the transmission gap in the downlink
compressed frame, the UE sets TPC_cmd to 0 in the corresponding receiving timeslot.

Transmission gaps of compressed frames in compressed mode make the format of the
timeslot used in compressed mode different from that in normal mode, so the number of
pilots for each timeslot of the uplink DPCCH may differ between compressed mode and
non-compressed mode. To offset the changes in the total power of the pilot signals, the
transmit power of the uplink DPCCH should be changed. Therefore, at the start of each
timeslot, the UE calculates the power adjustment volume ΔPILOT.

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If the number of pilots per timeslot of the uplink DPCCH is different from that sent in the
previous timeslot, then ΔPILOT (dB) is obtained by the following formula:

ΔPILOT = 10Log10 (Npilot,prev/Npilot,curr);

Where,

 Npilot,prev is the number of pilot bits of the previous timeslot.

 Npilot,curr is the number of pilot bits of the current timeslot.

Otherwise, ΔPILOT =0.

Unless otherwise specified, in compressed mode, the UE adjusts the transmit power of
the uplink DPCCH with a step of ΔDPCCH (in dB) in every slot, which is given by:

ΔDPCCH = ΔTPC  TPC_cmd + ΔPILOT.

At the start of the first slot after an uplink or downlink transmission gap, the UE should
use a change in the transmit power of the uplink DPCCH by an amount ΔDPCCH (in dB),
with respect to the uplink DPCCH power in the most recently transmitted uplink slot.

ΔDPCCH = ΔRESUME +ΔPILOT.

The value of ΔRESUME (in dB) should be determined by the UE according to the Initial
Transmit Power mode (ITP) indicated by UCompressMode.Itp. The ITP is a UE specific
parameter, which is signaled by the network with other compressed mode parameters.
The different modes are summarized in the following table.

Table 3-6 Initial Transmit Power Modes In Compressed Mode

ITP Description

0 ΔRESUME = ΔTPC  TPC_cmdgap


1 ΔRESUME =  last

TPC_cmdgap should be the value of TPC_cmd derived in the first slot of the uplink
transmission gap, if a downlink TPC_command is transmitted in that slot. Otherwise
TPC_cmdgap should be zero if no downlink TPC_command is transmitted in that slot.

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last should be equal to the most recently computed value of i. i should be updated
according to the following recursive relations, which should be executed in all slots in
which both the uplink DPCCH and a downlink TPC command are transmitted, and in the
first slot of an uplink transmission gap if a downlink TPC command is transmitted in that
slot:

 i  0.9375 i 1  0.96875TPC _ cmd i  TPC k sc


 i 1   i

Where,

 TPC_cmdi is the power control command derived by the UE in that slot;

 ksc = 0 if additional scaling is used in the current slot and the previous slot.
Otherwise, ksc = 1.

i-1 is the value of i computed for the previous slot. When the uplink DPCCH is activated,
the value of i-1 should be initialized to zero at the end of the first slot after each uplink
transmission gap, and at the end of the first slot after each downlink transmission gap.
The value of i should be set to zero at the end of the first slot after each uplink
transmission gap.

After a transmission gap in either the uplink or the downlink, the period following
resumption of simultaneous uplink and downlink DPCCH transmission is called a
recovery period. RPL is the recovery period length and expressed as a number of slots.
RPL is equal to the minimum value out of the transmission gap length and 7 slots. If a
transmission gap or an Uplink DPCCH burst pattern gap is scheduled to start before RPL
slots have elapsed, then the recovery period should end at the start of the gap, and the
value of RPL should be reduced accordingly.

During the recovery period, there are two modes for the power control algorithm. The
Recovery Period Power (RPP) control mode indicated by UCompressMode.Rpp is
signaled with other compressed mode parameters. The different modes are summarized
in the following table.

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Table 3-7 Recovery Period Power control modes during compressed mode

RPP Description

The transmit power control algorithm is determined by the value of


0
PCA. The step size is ΔTPC.

The power control algorithm 1 is used during RPL slots after each
1
transmission gap. The step size is ΔRP-TPC.

For RPP mode 0, the step size is not changed during the recovery period, and ordinary
transmit power control is used. The algorithm for processing TPC commands is
determined by the value of PCA.

For RPP mode 1, during RPL slots after each transmission gap, power control algorithm
1 is used with a step size ΔRP-TPC instead of ΔTPC, regardless of the value of PCA.
Therefore, the change in uplink DPCCH transmit power at the start of each of the RPL+1
slots immediately following the transmission gap (except for the first slot after the
transmission gap) is given by:

ΔDPCCH = ΔRP-TPC  TPC_cmd + ΔPILOT

ΔRP-TPC is called the recovery power control step size and expressed in dB.

 If PCA is 1, ΔRP-TPC is equal to the minimum value of 3 dB and 2 ΔTPC.

 If PCA is 2, ΔRP-TPC is equal to 1 dB.

After the recovery period, ordinary transmit power control resumes. The power control
algorithm is determined by the value of PCA, and the step size is ΔTPC.

If PCA is 2, the sets of slots over which the TPC commands are processed should
remain aligned to the frame boundaries in the compressed frame. For both RPP mode 0
and RPP mode 1, if the transmission gap or the recovery period results in any incomplete
sets of TPC commands, TPC_cmd should be zero for those sets of slots which are
incomplete.

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3.1.4 Downlink Inner Loop Power Control

3.1.4.1 Downlink Inner Loop Power Control of the R99 in Normal Mode

In the case of downlink inner loop power control, the UTRAN adjusts the current downlink
power P(k-1) to the new transmit power level P(k) according to the following formula
th
when it estimates the k number of the TPC command.

P(k) = P(k - 1) + PTPC(k) + Pbal(k) (3.1-10)

Where,

th
 PTPC(k) is the k number of power adjustment volume in the process of inner loop
power control.

 Pbal(k) is a correction value obtained according to the downlink power control


process. It is used to balance the power of the radio link so that the value can reach
a common reference power level.

PTPC(k) is determined with the following method. The UE sends a TPC command at each
timeslot. The UTRAN adjusts the transmit power at each timeslot according to the TPC
command.

If the limitation on power increase needs to be considered for downlink inner loop power
control, the value of PTPC(k) is determined by the following formula:

  TPC if TPC es t (k )  1 and  s um (k )   TPC  Power_Raise_Limit



PTPC (k )   0 if TPC es t (k )  1 and  s um (k )   TPC  Power_Raise_Limit
  if TPC es t (k )  0
 TPC
k 1
 sum (k )  P TPC(i)
i  k DL_Power_Averaging_Window_Size (3.1-11)

Where, TPC is the power adjustment step (USrvPc.tpcDlStep), Power_Raise_Limit is

8 dB, and DL_power_averaging_window_size is 30 times of power adjustment. No


limitation is imposed on power increase for ZTE inner loop power control.

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3.1.4.2 Downlink Inner Loop Power Control in Compressed Mode

The inner loop power control in compressed mode works in the same way as that in
normal mode, except that both downlink DPDCH and DPCCH stop transmission during
the transmission gap of compressed frames.

The transmit power of the first timeslot after the transmission gap of DPCCH is the same
as that of the timeslot prior to the transmission gap.

When the compressed mode is used, the UTRAN adjusts the current downlink transmit
power P(k-1) [dB] of each timeslot except the downlink transmission gap to a new power
th
value P(k) [dB] based on the TPC command received at the k-1 timeslot and the
following formula.

P(k) = P(k - 1) + PTPC(k) + PSIR(k) + Pbal(k) (3.1-12)

Where,

th
 PTPC(k) is the k power adjustment value according to inner loop power control.

th
 PSIR(k) is the k power adjustment value because the downlink SIRTarget changes in
compressed mode as opposed to normal mode (this change is reflected in inner
loop instead of outer loop).

 Pbal(k) [dB] is a correction value obtained according to the downlink power control
process. It is used to balance the power of the radio link so that the value can reach
a common reference power level.

The uplink TPC command may fail to be received due to transmission gaps in uplink
compressed frames. In this case, the Node B sets PTPC(k) to 0. Otherwise, PTPC(k) is
calculated in the same way as that in normal mode except that ΔTPC is replaced with
ΔSTEP in the formula.

During the recovery period (RPL number of timeslots) of the transmission gap, the
common power transmission control algorithm is used, but ΔSTEP = ΔRP-TPC. In a
non-recovery period, ΔSTEP = ΔTPC.

Where,

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 RPL is the length of the recovery period that is expressed in the number of timeslots.
RPL=minimum (out of the transmission gap length, 7). If the next transmission gap
starts again before the recovery period ends, then the recovery period ends at the
start of the next transmission gap. RPL depends on the length of the new
transmission gap. RPL = 7.

 ΔRP-TPC is the step (dB) of power control during the recovery period. ΔRP-TPC
=minimum (3dB, 2ΔTPC).

Power offset PSIR(k) = δPcurr – δPprev, δPcurr and δPprev respectively indicate the δP value
of the current timeslot and the latest transmission timeslot. The formula for calculating δP
is as follows:

δP=max (ΔP1_compression,…, Pn_compression) + ΔP1_coding + ΔP2_coding

Where, n is the type of TTI length of all TrCHs multiplexed to a CCTrCH. ΔP1_coding
and ΔP2_coding are obtained from the following relations and the uplink parameters,
including DeltaSIR1, DeltaSIR2, DeltaSIRafter1 and DeltaSIRafter2, which are informed
by the upper level.

 If the current frame contains the start of the first transmission gap, then ΔP1_coding
= DeltaSIR1. DeltaSIR1 is obtained from UCompressMode.DeltaSIR1.

 If the current frame is next to the frame that contains the start of the first
transmission gap, then ΔP1_coding = DeltaSIRafter1. DeltaSIRafter1 is obtained
from UCompressMode.DeltaSIRafter1.

 If the current frame contains the start of the second transmission gap, then
ΔP2_coding = DeltaSIR2. DeltaSIR2 is obtained from UCompressMode.DeltaSIR2.

 If the current frame is next to the frame that contains the start of the second
transmission gap, then ΔP2_coding = DeltaSIRafter2. DeltaSIRafter2 is obtained
from UCompressMode.DeltaSIRafter2.

 In other cases, ΔP1_coding = 0 dB, and ΔP2_coding = 0 dB.

ΔPi_compression is defined as follows:

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 If the compressed mode with half spectrum spread factor is used, ΔPi_compression
= 3 dB.

 In other cases, ΔPi_compression = 0.

When several compressed modes are used at the same time, the δP of each
compressed mode is calculated separately. The δP used for the current frame is the
summation of all δP values.

No transmit power of any timeslot in compressed mode can be higher than the maximum
transmit power or lower than the minimum transmit power.

ΔPi_compression is used to offset the influence of the high SIR needed for increasing
transmission bits in compressed mode.

3.1.5 Uplink Outer Loop Power Control

Outer loop power control includes uplink OLPC and downlink OLPC. The downlink OLPC
is performed by UEs and unrelated to the RNC. This section describes the uplink OLPC
algorithm on the UTRAN side only. The initial SIRTarget value (USrvDivPc.uLInitSIR) is
determined at the service access stage, and the quality information (such as CRCI, BER
and BLER) is obtained from the measurement report, the SIR Target adjustment decision
command is produced based on the service quality. If adjustment is necessary, SIR Target
is adjusted slowly and the signaling OUTER LOOP PC is used to notify the Node B. The
Node B compares the SIR in the dedicated measurement report with the latest SIRTarget
and makes the single link SIR reach SIRTarget through inner loop power control. In this
way, the service quality will not fluctuate drastically due to changes in the radio
environment.

There are two uplink OLPC algorithms: BLER Target Algorithm and Threshold Algorithm.
The algorithm to be activated is controlled by the URncInfo.olPcAlg parameter.

When URncInfo.olPcAlg is set to BLER Target Algorithm, the BLER Target Algorithm is
used. For details, refer to the ZTE UMTS Power Control Algorithm Enhancement Feature
Guide.

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When URncInfo.olPcAlg is set to Threshold Algorithm, the Threshold Algorithm is used.


For the R99 service, the CRC-based outer loop power control algorithm is used.

The CRC based OLPC adjusts the SIRTarget based on the total TB number and CRC error
TB number. When the CRC based OLPC is used, some improvement algorithms are
used to improve the SIRTarget adjustment result. The DPCCH BER based OLPC is used,
mainly because the CRC based OLPC adjusts the SIRTarget too slowly, and it is necessary
to speed up the SIRTarget convergence. The DPCCH BER based OLPC is also called QE
based OLPC.

3.1.5.1 CRC Based OLPC

The principle of the CRC-based outer loop power control algorithm is as follows:

The number of error blocks is counted according to the CRC result of the transport
channel. In addition, the total number of transmitted data blocks is also counted (called
error block tolerance counter). Then SIRtarget is updated based on the number of error
blocks and the total number of transmitted data blocks.

Principle for increasing the SIRTarget:

When the tolerance BLER period (USrvPc.blerAccpPeriod) (the unit is number of data
blocks instead of a time measurement unit) does not expire, but the number of error
blocks exceeds the error transport block number threshold (USrvPc.errorThresh),
SIRTarget needs to be increased (meanwhile, the error block counter and error block
tolerance counter are cleared to 0).

As the loop delay is at least 4–5 frames, the effect of any increase will be shown after
4–5 frames. Therefore, if a CRC indication error occurs again in 4–5 frames after the
increase, no error block is counted (a shield period (UCelInfoFDD.coverPrd) is used here
to shield out the adjustment function). If the CRCI indication error occurs again after the
shield period expires, the error blocks are counted again.

The step size for increasing SIRTarget is determined by the following formula:

SIRtargetUpStepSize = Minimum (SIRtargetUpStep + deltaStep1 + deltaStep2,


MaxSIRtargetUpStep)

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Where,

 MaxSIRtargetUpStep is a basic step size for increasing SIRTarget. It is obtained from


the USrvPc.ulSirTargUpStep parameter.

 deltaStep1 is an additional increase step size when the SIRTarget increase is caused
by consecutive error TBs. If there are at least two consecutive error TBs which
cause the SIRTarget increase, the deltaStep1 is obtained from
URncFunction.sirUpAddStep. Otherwise, the deltaStep1 is 0.

 deltaStep2 is another additional increase step size when the SIRTarget will be
increased continuously. If the last SIRTarget adjustment command is "increase" and
the SIRTarget is increased again during the period (indicated by
URncFunction.validTimTbCovPrd) after the shield period, then the deltaStep2 for
the following SIRTarget increase should be calculated with the following formula:

ErrTbNu m InCov Prd


deltaStep2= * SIRtargetUpStep;
ErrTbNumOutCovPrd

Where,

 ErrTbNumInCovPrd is the number of error TBs in the shield period after the
last SIRTarget increase.

 ErrTbNumOutCovPrd is the number of error TBs beyond the shield period


after the last SIRTarget increase.

In other cases, the deltaStep2 is 0.

 MaxSIRtargetUpStep is the maximum SIRTarget increase step size, and obtained


from the USrvPc.maxSirTargUpStep parameter.

Principle for decreasing the SIRTarget:

When the error block tolerance counter is not less than the tolerance BLER period
(USrvPc.blerAccpPeriod), the RNC will: (1) decrease SIRTarget if the received number of
error blocks is less than the error transport block number threshold (USrvPc.errorThresh),
(2) keep the SIRTarget unchanged if the received number of error blocks equals to the error

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transport block number threshold (USrvPc.errorThresh). After SIRTarget is decreased, it is


necessary to clear the error block counter and error block tolerance counter to 0.

For the decreasing of SIRTarget, ZTE uses the SIR target adaptive down step size function
to speed up the SIRTarget decreasing.

When the switch of SIR target adaptive down step size is off (USrvPc.swchAdaptiveStep
= 0), the step for decreasing SIRTarget is USrvPc.ulSirTargDnStep.

When the switch of SIR target adaptive down step size is on (USrvPc.swchAdaptiveStep
= 1), the step for decreasing SIRTarget is determined as follows:

 The initial step for decreasing SIRTarget is USrvPc.ulSirTargDnStep.

 When the last SIR target adjustment command is "decrease", the following SIR
target adjustment command also is down, and there is no error TB, the current step
for decreasing SIRTarget will be the result that the last step for decreasing SIRTarget
plus 0.1dB. If the last step for decreasing SIR Target is the biggest value
(USrvPc.maxSirTargDnStep), the current step for decreasing SIRTarget is reset to the
initial value (USrvPc.ulSirTargDnStep).

 When the last SIR target adjustment command is "increase" or "keep", or the last
and current SIR target adjustment command are both "decrease", but there are
error TBs during the current SIR target adjustment period, then the current step for
decreasing SIRTarget is reset to the initial value (USrvPc.ulSirTargDnStep).

To prevent the SIRTarget from being increased or decreased too much, MaxSIRtarget and
MinSIRtarget are used. MaxSIRtarget is obtained from the USrvDivPc.uLMaxSIR
parameter, and MinSIRtarget is obtained from the USrvDivPc.uLMinSIR parameter.

When SIRTarget adjustment result is bigger than MaxSIRtarget, SIRTarget = MaxSIRtarget.

When SIRTarget adjustment result is smaller than MinSIRtarget, SIRTarget = MinSIRtarget.

Note: The configuration of USrvPc.errorThresh, USrvPc.blerAccpPeriod,


USrvDivPc.uLInitSIR, USrvDivPc.uLMaxSIR and USrvDivPc.uLMinSIR is related to the
cell load scene (UUtranCellFDD.loadScene).

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3.1.5.2 QE Based OLPC

In the CRC-based OLPC, SIRTarget can be decreased only when the TB number is no less
than the tolerance BLER period, so the SIRTarget is decreased slowly, which affects the
system capacity. To increase the system capacity, the DPCCH BER-based OLPC
(namely, Quality Estimate (QE) based OLPC) is used. Here, DPCCH BER is the QE in
UL DATA FRAME FOR DCH.

When the QE based OLPC switch (USrvPc.ulOlPcQESwchSil) is on, the OLPC of the
ZTE RNC can be based on the physical channel BER (QE), but it only can decrease the
SIRTarget. Here, the silent mode for the transmission of the uplink data frame that contains
the BER measurement result is used. In silent mode, the uplink data frame can be sent to
the RNC only when the number of DCH TB is not zero.
The principle of QE based OLPC is as follows:

In the valid time window (8 seconds), if the condition that the physical channel BER is
smaller than or equal to physical channel BERtarget (SrvPc.qePhyBerTarSil) is fulfilled for
N (USrvPc.qeCntThres) times continuously, then the SIRTarget should be decreased.

For the SIRTarget decreasing step, refer to “CRC based OLPC”. After SIRTarget is
decreased, it is also necessary to clear all the OLPC counters to 0.

Note: USrvPc.ulOlPcQESwchSil is configured according to the cells. When multiple links


exist, the QE based OLPC will be activated only when the QE based OLPC switches of
all cells in active set are on.

3.1.5.3 Outer Loop Power Control Combination Strategy for Multi-Services

The common outer loop power control algorithm described above is designed for one
transport channel. For multi-service (that is, several transport channels that are
multiplexed to one CCtrCH), special treatment is needed for the outer loop power control
algorithm.

Firstly, QE-based OLPC can be activated only when all the QE based OLPC switches
(USrvPc.ulOlPcQESwchSil) of all services are on. The BER target value should be the
minimum value of USrvPc.qePhyBerTarSil of all the services.

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Secondly, the SIRTarget adjustment actions of different services should be combined


together. For multi-service (that is, several transport channels are multiplexed to one
CCtrCH), if any one service type fails to satisfy the service quality requirement, SIR Target
is increased. SIRTarget is not decreased unless all valid services indicate to decrease
SIRTarget. Invalid services are excluded from the combination of power control. Invalid
services are those that cannot serve as the reference for SIR Target adjustment because
their data volumes are not enough. If a service does not have enough data volume, it
means the total number of packets received in the valid time window (8 seconds) is
smaller than the error block tolerance period for the service.

3.1.6 Downlink Outer Loop Power Control

The downlink outer loop power control is performed by UEs. The RNC provides the
corresponding BLER target values (USrvPc.blerTarget) to UEs.

3.2 ZWF21-04-008 Downlink Power Balancing

3.2.1 Algorithm Description

In the case of soft handover or macro diversity, a UE can communicate with all cells in
the active set. With downlink inner loop power control, the UE sends the same TPC
commands to the cells in the active set. The links have different transmission paths, so
error codes will be produced in the TPC commands, and some cells receive wrong TPC
commands. As a result, some cells increase their downlink transmission power and
some cells decrease their downlink transmission power. Therefore, power drifting occurs.
The downlink power balancing feature is used to eliminate power drifting.

The downlink power balancing is to balance the downlink transmit power of one or more
radio links used by the Node Bs related to a UE. In the case where a single link is
involved, the downlink average power will be insensitive to the central value of a power
control range if the downlink power control balancing is used. In the case where several
links are involved, power balancing can help overcome power drifting.

A simple formula for calculating Pbal is as follows:

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P bal  (1  r )( Pr ef  PP CPICH  Pinit )


precision±0.5 dB (3.2-1)

Where,

 Pref is the reference power, which is equal to DL Reference Power.

 PP-CPICH is the transmit power of the primary CPICH, obtained from the
UUtranCellFDD.primaryCpichPower parameter.

 Pinit is the code power of the last timeslot in the previous adjustment period. If the
last timeslot in the previous adjustment period is included in the transmission gap
(in compressed mode), then Pinit equals to the code power of the timeslot prior to the
transmit gap.

 r is the adjustment convergence coefficient, and its value is 0.96.

A simple method for calculating DL Reference Power is as follows:

The downlink transmit power of each radio link, needed for calculating DL Reference
Power, can be obtained indirectly from the Transmitted code power (TCP: transmit power
of PILOT field of DPCH) periodically reported by the Node B by the following formula:

j
PDPDCH (dBm) j TCP j PO3 (3.2-2)

Where,

j th
 PDPDCH is the downlink transmit power of the j radio link, unit: dBm;

j
 PO3 is the power offset between the DL DPCH PILOT field and the DPCH data
th
field (USrvDivPc.dpchPO3) of the j radio link;

j th
 TCP is transmitted code power periodically reported by the Node B of the j radio
link.

th
The downlink reference power of the j radio link is:

j
DL _ Re fer _ Power (dB) j PDPDCH  j P _ CPICH _ Power (3.2-3)

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j th
Where, P_CPICH_POWER is P-CPICH power of the j radio link.

Next, RNC takes the average value of the reference power for each radio link as the
required DL Reference Power.

j 1
j
DL _ Re fer _ Power
DL _ Re fer _ Power 
N (3.2-4)

Where, N is the number of radio links used by the Node B.

The method for power balancing between the RNC and Node B is as follows:

 The dedicated TCP values of all links are obtained from the dedicated
measurement report. The DL Reference Power is obtained by computing the
reported values.

 When the absolute value of the difference between the DL Reference Power
obtained in the new adjustment period and that obtained in the previous period
exceeds the downlink reference power adjustment threshold (2dB), the signaling of
the DL Power Control Request message that contains the information of DL
Reference Power is sent to the Node B.

 The Node B uses this value to implement link balancing through the inner loop
power control algorithm.

Other parameters in the Iub interface related to power balancing are as follows:

1. Adjustment Type:

This parameter indicates whether to perform the downlink power balancing


adjustment and the adjustment type. It can be set to None or Common. It is
obtained from the UIubLink.adjType parameter.

2. Adjustment Period:

This parameter indicates the adjustment period for power balancing, and its value is
50 frames.

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3. Max Adjustment Step (1–10 slots):

Max adjustment step defines a time period in slots. It is set to 8 slots, during which
the accumulative adjustment for power balancing does not exceed 1dB.

Note:

When the ZTE RNC serves as a DRNC, whether to use DL POWER CONTROL
REQUEST message from the Iur interface to control power balancing is determined by
URncFunction.iurPwrCtlReqSwch.

When URncFunction.iurPwrCtlReqSwch is set to 1, the DRNC sends the DL POWER


CONTROL REQUEST message received from the SRNC to the Node B.

When URncFunction.iurPwrCtlReqSwch is set to 0, the DRNC discards the DL POWER


CONTROL REQUEST message received from the SRNC through the Iur interface.

3.2.2 Related Measurement

To fulfill downlink power balancing, the Node B needs to perform dedicated


measurement of Transmitted Code Power (TCP).

The strategy for starting and terminating the Node B TCP dedicated measurement is as
follows:

 The measurement of TCP is started after the UE changes from non-macro diversity
to macro diversity status.

 The measurement of TCP is terminated after the UE changes from macro diversity
to non-macro diversity status.

The Node B TCP dedicated measurement for power balancing is reported periodically.
The Node B dedicated measurement parameters are obtained in the following way. A
unique record is obtained by matching 0: Period Report Parameters for TCP in Power
balancing with UNbDedMeas.nbDMCfgNote in the management object UNbDedMeas,
and then the following Node B dedicated measurement parameters are obtained.

NbDed Measure Configuration No UNbDedMeas.nbDMCfgNo

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Dedicated Measurement Type UNbDedMeas.dedMeasType

Report Characteristics UNbDedMeas.rptType

Report Period UNbDedMeas.rptPrd

Choice Report Periodicity Scale UNbDedMeas.rptPrdUnit

Measurement Filter Coefficient UNbDedMeas.measFilterCoeff

4 Parameters

4.1 ZWF21-04-009 Power Control

Note: In this section, the default value and recommended value of the service related
parameters are the values for typical services only. For the values for the other service,
refer to the ZXUR 9000 UMTS (V4.14.10.14) Radio Network Controller Radio Parameter
Reference, ZXWR RNC (V3.14.10.14) Radio Network Controller Radio Parameter
Reference.

4.1.1 Uplink Open Loop Power Control Parameters

Table 4-1 Uplink Open Loop Power Control Parameters

Recom
Parameter Value Default mende
GUI Name Parameter Description Unit
Name Range Value d
Value

This parameter indicates the


UUtranCellF P-CPICH transmit power, (-10.0..50
P-CPICH
DD.primary which is an absolute value .0)dBm, dBm 33 33
Power
CpichPower for the P-CPICH step
transmission. 0.1dBm
UPrach.con PRACH This parameter indicates the
dB -21 -21
stVal Initiation Tx correction value for (-35..-10)

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Recom
Parameter Value Default mende
GUI Name Parameter Description Unit
Name Range Value d
Value
Power calculating the initial transmit dB, step
Constant power of the PRACH 1dB
Value preamble. For details, refer
to 3GPP 25.331.

Uplink Rx This parameter indicates the


Gain uplink Rx gain provided by
UCelInfoFD (0..40)dB,
Provided by the Tower Mounted Amplifier
D.ulRxGain step dB 0 0
Tower (TMA) of Node B. If no TMA
TMA 0.1dB
Mounted is installed, this parameter
Amplifier should be 0.

Maximum
UUtranCellF This parameter indicates the
Allowed UL (-50..33)d
DD.maxRac maximum UL transmit power dBm 24 24
TX Power of Bm, step
hTxPwr used by the RACH.
RACH 1dBm

This parameter indicates the


power ramp step used by
the UE when it does not
PRACH receive any responses from
UPrach.pRS Preamble AICH after sending a (1..8)dB,
dB 1 1
tep Power preamble. This parameter is step 1dB
Ramp Step used to be added to the
previous power, and then
the next preamble is sent at
this new power.
UUtranCellF This parameter indicates
SIB7 0: Node B 0: Node 0: Node
DD.sIB7Orig SIB7 is originated by the N/A
Originator 1: RNC B B
inator RNC or the Node B.

UL UL
This parameter indicates the
13.6kb 13.6kb
quality factor of the uplink
ps ps
USrvDivPc. DPCCH DPCCH pilot field, which is
(-30..+30) Signali Signali
dpcchPilotE Pilot Field used for calculating the dB
dB, step ng: ng:
bN0 Eb/N0 uplink DPCCH power offset
0.1dB 3,3,3,3, 3,3,3,3,
upon new call access.
3,3,3,3, 3,3,3,3,
[Note1]
3 3

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Recom
Parameter Value Default mende
GUI Name Parameter Description Unit
Name Range Value d
Value

0:Normal
UUtranCellF This parameter indicates 0:Norm 0:Norm
Cell Load Load Cell
DD.loadSce whether the cell is highly N/A al Load al Load
Scene 1:High
ne loaded. Cell Cell
Load Cell

This parameter indicates the


0: None
transmit diversity mode used
Transmit 1: STTD
USrvDivPc.t by this set of power control
Diversity 2: Closed N/A N/A N/A
xDivMod parameters that are related
Mode Loop
to the diversity mode and
Mode 1
service.

This parameter indicates the


service-related power
control parameter profile
Used
(USrvPcProfile). A profile
Power
UUtranCellF corresponds to a set of
Control
DD.refUSrv service-related power 0..4000 N/A N/A N/A
Profile
PcProfile control parameters. Each
Related to
cell obtains service-related
Service
power control parameters
according to the Distinguish
Name (DN).

This parameter indicates the


initial load scene for the
parameters in SrvPcProfile.
In normal load scene, the 0: Normal
USrvPcProfi
Initial Load service quality is high. In Load Cell
le.intialloads N/A 0 0
Scene high load scene, in order to 1: High
cene
increase system capacity, Load Cell
the service quality will be
lower than that in normal
load scene.

Service This parameter is the ID of


Related the service-related power
USrvPcProfi
Power control parameter profile. A 0..65535 N/A N/A N/A
le.profileId
Control profile corresponds to a set
Profile ID of service-related power

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Recom
Parameter Value Default mende
GUI Name Parameter Description Unit
Name Range Value d
Value
control parameters. Each
cell obtains service-related
power control parameters
according to this parameter.

This parameter indicates the


UL UL
type of sub-services. It is
NAMR4 NAMR4
used to number each
.75~12. .75~12.
sub-service. 0..5 are used
2kbps:2 2kbps:2
for signaling services and
USrvPc.srvT Sub-service 8; 8;
6..250 are used for single 0..65534 N/A
ype Type DL DL
services. Odd numbers are
NAMR NAMR
configured for downlink
4.75~1 4.75~1
services and even numbers
2.2 2.2
are configured for uplink
kbps:29 kbps:29
services.

This parameter indicates the


length of the DPCH power
control preamble. For the
uplink DPCH, the power
control preamble should be
transmitted prior to the
UCelInfoFD DPCH PC
DPDCH transmission. When (0..7)Fra
D.dpcchPcp Preamble Frames 0 0
the power control preamble mes, step
Len Length
is transmitted, the inner 1Frame
power control takes effect.
This can ensure that the
DPDCH transmit power
requirement is satisfied.

This parameter indicates the


SRB delay. When the uplink
DPDCH data transmission is
UCelInfoFD (0..7)Fra
SRB Delay beginning, the RB0–RB4 Frames 7 7
D.srbDelay mes, step
signaling data is not
1Frame
transmitted through the SRB
delay frame.

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Recom
Parameter Value Default mende
GUI Name Parameter Description Unit
Name Range Value d
Value

Note1: The parameter is a 9-tuple. The elements are used in different load conditions
and for different user priorities. For details, refer to the ZTE UMTS Load Adaptive Power
Control Feature Guide. The relationships between the elements and load levels/user
priorities are as follows:
Element 1: low load, golden-level user.
Element 2: low load, silver-level user
Element 3: low load, bronze-level user
Element 4: medium load, golden-level user
Element 5: medium load, silver-level user
Element 6: medium load, bronze-level user
Element 7: high load, golden-level user
Element 8: high load, silver-level user
Element 9: high load, bronze-level user.

4.1.2 Downlink Open Loop Power Control Parameters

Table 4-2 Downlink Open Loop Power Control Parameters

Recom
Parameter Value Default mende
GUI Name Parameter Description Unit
Name Range Value d
Value

This parameter indicates the


UUtranCellF
Primary P-SCH transmit power of a (-35..+15)
DD.primary dB -5 -5
SCH Power cell. It is the offset relative to dB, step
SchPower
the PCPICH transmit power. 0.1dB

This parameter indicates the


UUtranCellF
Secondary S-SCH transmit power of a (-35..+15)
DD.seconda dB -5 -5
SCH Power cell. It is relative to the dB, step
rySchPower
PCPICH transmit power. 0.1dB

UUtranCellF AICH Power This parameter indicates the dB -7 -7

ZTE Confidential Proprietary 51


Power Control

Recom
Parameter Value Default mende
GUI Name Parameter Description Unit
Name Range Value d
Value
DD.aichPow AICH transmit power. It is an (-22..5)d
er offset relative to the primary B, step
CPICH power. 1dB

This parameter indicates the


UUtranCellF (-10..
PICH transmit power. It is an
DD.pichPow PICH Power 5)dB, dB -7 -7
offset relative to the primary
er step 1dB
CPICH power.

This parameter indicates the


BCH transmit power in a
cell. This parameter is the
UUtranCellF offset (dB) relative to the
(-35..+15)
DD.bchPow BCH Power PCPICH transmit power. A dB -4 -4
dB, step
er BCH is mapped one-to-one
0.1dB
to a physical PCCPCH. In
addition, one cell only has
one PCCPCH/BCH.

This parameter indicates the


UScpich.scp S-CPICH SCPICH transmit power. It is (-35..+15)
dB 0 0
ichPwr Power relative to the PCPICH dB, step
transmit power. 0.1dB

This parameter indicates the


PCH transmit power
UUtranCellF
mapped to the SCCPCH, (-35..15)d
DD.pchPow PCH Power dB -3 -3
which is a power offset B, step
er
relative to the PCPICH 0.1dB
power.

This parameter indicates the


maximum transmit power of
Maximum
USccpch.m the FACH mapped to the (-35..15)d
FACH dB 1 1
axFachPwr SCCPCH (based on the B, step
Power
relative transmit power of 0.1dB
the PCPICH.

S-CCPCH This parameter indicates the


USccpch.pO
TFCI Field transmit power offset (0..6)dB.s dB 3 3
1
Power between the TFCI field and tep

ZTE Confidential Proprietary 52


Power Control

Recom
Parameter Value Default mende
GUI Name Parameter Description Unit
Name Range Value d
Value
Offset the data field on the 0.25dB
SCCPCH (relative value).

This parameter indicates the


S-CCPCH
transmit power offset
USccpch.pO Pilot Field (0..6)dB.s
between the pilot field and dB 3 3
3 Power tep
the data field on the
Offset 0.25dB
SCCPCH (relative value).

This parameter indicates the


The Offset
offset of the CPICH Ec/No of
of CPICH
the Iur interface relative to
Ec/No in Iur
URncFuncti the measured value of the
Interface
on.iurEcNo UE. The CPICH Ec/No of the (0..30)dB, dB 0 0
Relative to
Delta Iur interface is obtained by step 1dB
the UE
subtracting the CPICH
Measureme
Ec/No measured by the UE
nt Result
from the offset.

Power
Offset for
Downlink This parameter indicates the
UCelInfoFD DPCH Initial power offset for calculating (-50, …5
D.pORabHa Power the downlink DPCH initial 0)dB, dB 1 1
rdHO Calculation power during the RAB hard step
when RAB handover. 0.1dB
Hard
Handover

Power
Offset for
Downlink This parameter indicates the
UCelInfoFD DPCH Initial power offset for calculating
(-50..50)d
D.pOReEsta Power the downlink DPCH initial dB 2 2
B, step
blish Calculation power during the RAB
0.1dB
when RAB reestablishment.
Re-Establish
ment
UCelInfoFD Power This parameter indicates the
dB 0 0
D.pOSetup Offset for power offset for calculating (-50..50)d

ZTE Confidential Proprietary 53


Power Control

Recom
Parameter Value Default mende
GUI Name Parameter Description Unit
Name Range Value d
Value
Downlink the downlink DPCH initial B, step
DPCH Initial power during the RAB/SRB 0.1dB
Power establishment.
Calculation
when Call
Setup

Power
Offset for
Downlink This parameter indicates the
DPCH Initial power offset for calculating
UCelInfoFD (-50..50)d
Power the downlink DPCH initial dB 0 0
D.pOSoftHO B, step
Calculation power during the soft or
0.1dB
when Soft or softer handover.
Softer
Handover

Power This parameter indicates the


Offset for power offset for calculating
Downlink the downlink DPCH initial
UCelInfoFD DPCH Initial power during the SRB hard
(-50..50)d
D.pOSrbHar Power handover on the DPDCH. dB 4 4
B, step
dHO Calculation During the F-DPCH hard
0.1dB
when SRB handover, this parameter is
Hard also used to calculate the
Handover transmit power.

This parameter indicates the


maximum DPCH downlink
transmit power. When DL DL
downlink inner loop power NAMR NAMR
control is performed, the 4.75~1 4.75~1
USrvDivPc. DPCH
new transmit power must be (-35..15)d 2.2 2.2
maxDlDpch Maximum dB
smaller than or equal to the B, step kbps: kbps:
Pwr DL Power
configured DPCH Maximum 0.1dB 3,3,3,3, 3,3,3,3,
DL Power. If the newly 0,0,3,0, 0,0,3,0,
calculated transmit power is 0 0
larger than the configured
DPCH Maximum DL Power,

ZTE Confidential Proprietary 54


Power Control

Recom
Parameter Value Default mende
GUI Name Parameter Description Unit
Name Range Value d
Value
set it to DPCH Maximum DL
Power.
[Note1]

This parameter indicates the


minimum DPCH downlink
transmit power. When
DL DL
downlink inner loop power
NAMR NAMR
control is performed, the
4.75~1 4.75~1
new transmit power must be
2.2 2.2
USrvDivPc. DPCH larger than or equal to the
(-35..15)d kbps: kbps:
minDlDpchP Minimum DL configured DPCH Minimum dB
B, step -15,-15, -15,-15,
wr Power DL Power. If the newly
0.1dB -15,-15, -15,-15,
calculated transmit power is
-15,-15, -15,-15,
lower than the configured
-15,-15, -15,-15,
DPCH Minimum DL Power,
-15 -15
set it to be equal to the
configured one.
[Note1]

This parameter indicates the


power offset between the DL (0..6)dB, 0,0,0,0, 0,0,0,0,
USrvDivPc.
DPCH PO1 DPCH TFCI field and the step dB 0,0,0,0, 0,0,0,0,
dpchPO1
DPCH data field. 0.25dB 0 0
[Note1]

This parameter indicates the


power offset between the DL (0..6)dB, 0,0,0,0, 0,0,0,0,
USrvDivPc.
DPCH PO2 DPCH TPC field and the step dB 0,0,0,0, 0,0,0,0,
dpchPO2
DPCH data field. 0.25dB 0 0
[Note1]

This parameter indicates the


power offset between the DL (0..6)dB, 0,0,0,0, 0,0,0,0,
USrvDivPc.
DPCH PO3 DPCH pilot field and the step dB 0,0,0,0, 0,0,0,0,
dpchPO3
DPCH data field. 0.25dB 0 0
[Note1]
ULogicalRn Dynamic This parameter indicates 0: Off 0: Off 0: Off
N/A
c.dynaUpdt Update PO2 whether to dynamically (Not (Not (Not

ZTE Confidential Proprietary 55


Power Control

Recom
Parameter Value Default mende
GUI Name Parameter Description Unit
Name Range Value d
Value
PO2Sw Switch adjust the PO2.PO2 is the Need Need Need
power offset of the DPCH Dynamic Dynami Dynami
TPC field relative to the data Update) c c
field. 1: On Update Update
(Need ) )
Dynamic
Update)

Note1: The parameter is a 9-tuple. The elements are used in different load conditions
and for different user priorities. For details, refer to the ZTE UMTS Load Adaptive Power
Control Feature Guide. The relationships between the elements and load levels/user
priorities are as follows:
Element 1: low load, golden-level user.
Element 2: low load, silver-level user
Element 3: low load, bronze-level user
Element 4: medium load, golden-level user
Element 5: medium load, silver-level user
Element 6: medium load, bronze-level user
Element 7: high load, golden-level user
Element 8: high load, silver-level user
Element 9: high load, bronze-level user.

4.1.3 Uplink Inner Loop Power Control Parameters

Table 4-3 Uplink Inner Loop Power Control Parameters

Recom
Parameter Value Default mende
GUI Name Parameter Description Unit
Name Range Value d
Value

Step Size of This parameter indicates the


USrvPc.tpc Uplink Inner adjustment step for uplink
(1, 2)dB dB 1 1
StepSize Loop Power inner loop power control. It
Control needs to be configured, only

ZTE Confidential Proprietary 56


Power Control

Recom
Parameter Value Default mende
GUI Name Parameter Description Unit
Name Range Value d
Value
when algorithm 1 is selected
for uplink inner loop power
control. Because the default
step in algorithm 2 is 1, this
parameter is not needed.

When the first radio link is


established between the
UTRAN and the UE, the
UTRAN will not be able to
calculate the TPC using the
ordinary algorithm, before
uplink synchronization is not
obtained. Therefore, it will
transmit the fixed sequence
number of downlink TPC,
including n instances of the
pair of TPC commands ("0",
"1") and the last one
UUtranCell DL TPC instance of TPC command
FDD.dlTpc Pattern 01 "1". This parameter 0..30 N/A 14 14
N Count indicates the number (n) of
instances of the pair of TPC
commands ("0", "1"). If the n
is 0, TPC pattern should
consist only of TPC
commands "1". The TPC
pattern continuously repeat
but should be forcibly
re-started at the beginning of
each frame where CFN mod
4 = 0. The TPC pattern
should terminate once uplink
synchronization is achieved.

Uplink Inner This parameter indicates 1:


USrvPc.ulIl 1: 1:
Loop Power which uplink inner loop Algorithm N/A
PcAlg Algorith Algorith
Control power control algorithm is 1

ZTE Confidential Proprietary 57


Power Control

Recom
Parameter Value Default mende
GUI Name Parameter Description Unit
Name Range Value d
Value
Algorithm used. In the case of 2: m1 m1
algorithm 1, inner loop Algorithm
power control is performed 2
every time slot. In the case
of algorithm 2, inner loop
power control is performed
every 5 time slots.

UL UL
This parameter indicates the signalin signalin
maximum DPCH uplink g: g:
transmit power allowed for a 24,24,2 24,24,2
Maximum UE. When uplink inner loop 4,24,24 4,24,24
Allowed power control is performed, ,24,24, ,24,24,
USrvDivPc
Uplink the transmit power newly (-50..33)d 24,24; 24,24;
.maxUlDpc dBm
DPCH calculated by a UE may be Bm, step UL UL
hPwr
Transmissio larger than this parameter. 1dBm service service
n Power In this case, the UE can only s: s:
use this parameter for 33,33,3 33,33,3
transmitting signals. 3,33,33 3,33,33
[Note1] ,33,33, ,33,33,
33,33 33,33

In compressed mode, one or


more transmission gap
pattern sequences are
active. Therefore some
frames are compressed and
contain transmission gaps.
UCompres The uplink power control (0..3) dB
sMode.Del DeltaSIR1 procedure is as specified in step dB 2.3 2.3
taSIR1 clause 5.1.2.2 in 3GPP 0.1dB
25.214, using the same
UTRAN supplied
parameters for Power
Control Algorithm and step
size, but with additional
features which aim to

ZTE Confidential Proprietary 58


Power Control

Recom
Parameter Value Default mende
GUI Name Parameter Description Unit
Name Range Value d
Value
recover as rapidly as
possible a
signal-to-interference ratio
(SIR) close to the target SIR
after each transmission gap.
The serving cells (cells in the
active set) should estimate
signal-to-interference ratio
SIRest of the received uplink
DPCH. The serving cells
should then generate TPC
commands and transmit the
commands once per slot,
except during downlink
transmission gaps,
according to the following
rule: if SIRest > SIRcm_target
then the TPC command to
transmit is "0", while if SIRest
< SIRcm_target then the TPC
command to transmit is "1".
SIRcm_target is the target SIR
during compressed mode
and fulfils
SIRcm_target = SIRtarget +
△SIRPILOT +
△SIR1_coding +
△SIR2_coding,
where △SIR1_coding and
△SIR2_coding are
computed from uplink
parameters DeltaSIR1,
DeltaSIR2, DeltaSIRafter1,
DeltaSIRafter2 signaled by
higher layers as:
△SIR1_coding = DeltaSIR1
if the start of the first

ZTE Confidential Proprietary 59


Power Control

Recom
Parameter Value Default mende
GUI Name Parameter Description Unit
Name Range Value d
Value
transmission gap in the
transmission gap pattern is
within the current uplink
frame.
△SIR1_coding =
DeltaSIRafter1 if the current
uplink frame just follows a
frame containing the start of
the first transmission gap in
the transmission gap
pattern.
△SIR2_coding = DeltaSIR2
if the start of the second
transmission gap in the
transmission gap pattern is
within the current uplink
frame.
△SIR2_coding =
DeltaSIRafter2 if the current
uplink frame just follows a
frame containing the start of
the second transmission gap
in the transmission gap
pattern.
△SIR1_coding = 0 dB and
△SIR2_coding = 0 dB in all
other cases.
DSIRPILOT is defined as:
△SIRPILOT = 10Log10
(Npilot, N/Npilot,
curr_frame), where Npilot,
curr_frame is the number of
pilot bits per slot in the
current uplink frame, and
Npilot, N is the number of
pilot bits per slot in a normal
uplink frame without a

ZTE Confidential Proprietary 60


Power Control

Recom
Parameter Value Default mende
GUI Name Parameter Description Unit
Name Range Value d
Value
transmission gap.
In the case of several
compressed mode pattern
sequences being used
simultaneously,
DSIR1_coding and
DSIR2_coding offsets are
computed for each
compressed mode pattern
and all DSIR1_coding and
DSIR2_coding offsets are
summed together.

Indicates the offset of the


SIR and the SIR target
(without including the effect
of the bit-rate increase) for
the frame which contains the
UCompres (0..3) dB
start of the second
sMode.Del DeltaSIR2 step dB 0.3 0.3
transmission gap in the
taSIR2 0.1dB
transmission gap pattern.
When not configured, UE
regards DeltaSIR2 =
DeltaSIR1. Please refer to
DeltaSIR1.

This parameter indicates


Delta in DL SIR target value
UCompres to be set in the UE one
(0..3) dB
sMode.Del DeltaSIRafte frame after the frame
step dB 0 0
taSIRafter r1 containing the start of the
0.1dB
1 first transmission gap in the
transmission gap pattern.
Please refer to DeltaSIR1.

UCompres This parameter indicates the


(0..3) dB
sMode.Del DeltaSIRafte offset of the SIR and the SIR
step dB 0 0
taSIRafter r2 target for the frame which is
0.1dB
2 after the frame containing

ZTE Confidential Proprietary 61


Power Control

Recom
Parameter Value Default mende
GUI Name Parameter Description Unit
Name Range Value d
Value
the start of the second
transmission gap in the
transmission gap pattern.
When not configured, UE
regards DeltaSIRafter2 =
DeltaSIRafter1.
Please refer to DeltaSIR1.

In downlink compressed
mode, no TPC commands
are transmitted during the
transmission gap in the
compressed frame. This
means that the transmit
powers of the uplink DPDCH
(s) and DPCCH are not
changed during the
transmission gaps.

0: Initial
After a transmission gap, the
Transmit
closed loop power control 0: Initial 0: Initial
Power
Initial has to converge on the SIR Transm Transm
UCompres Mode 0
Transmit target as quickly as possible. N/A it it
sMode.Itp 1: Initial
Power Mode Power Power
Transmit
At the start of the first slot Mode 0 Mode 0
Power
after an uplink or downlink
Mode 1
transmission gap the UE
should apply a change in the
transmit power of the uplink
DPCCH by an amount
△DPCCH (in dB), with
respect to the uplink DPCCH
power in the most recently
transmitted uplink slot,
where:
△DPCCH = △RESUME +
△PILOT

ZTE Confidential Proprietary 62


Power Control

Recom
Parameter Value Default mende
GUI Name Parameter Description Unit
Name Range Value d
Value
The value of △RESUME (in
dB) should be determined by
the UE according to the
Initial Transmit Power mode
(ITP). The ITP is a UE
specific parameter, which is
signaled by the network with
the other compressed mode
parameters.

This parameter indicates


either normal power control
mode or compressed power
0: Normal
Recovery control mode is used for 1: 1:
PC Mode
UCompres Period uplink power control after Compr Compr
1:
sMode.Rp Power each transmission gap in N/A essed essed
Compres
p Control compressed mode in the PC PC
sed PC
Mode recovery period. For a Mode Mode
Mode
description of the specific
power control method, refer
to 3GPP TS 25.214.

Note1: The parameter is a 9-tuple. The elements are used in different load conditions
and for different user priorities. For details, refer to the ZTE UMTS Load Adaptive Power
Control Feature Guide. The relationships between the elements and load levels/user
priorities are as follows:
Element 1: low load, golden-level user.
Element 2: low load, silver-level user
Element 3: low load, bronze-level user
Element 4: medium load, golden-level user
Element 5: medium load, silver-level user
Element 6: medium load, bronze-level user
Element 7: high load, golden-level user
Element 8: high load, silver-level user
Element 9: high load, bronze-level user.

ZTE Confidential Proprietary 63


Power Control

4.1.4 Downlink Inner Loop Power Control Parameters

Table 4-4 Downlink Inner Loop Power Control Parameters

Recom
Parameter Value Default mende
GUI Name Parameter Description Unit
Name Range Value d
Value

This parameter indicates the


Step Size of adjustment step for downlink
Downlink inner loop power control.
USrvPc.tpc (0.5, 1,
Inner Loop Normally, the value is dB 1 1
DlStep 1.5, 2)dB
Power smaller in good channel
Control conditions and larger in bad
channel conditions.

4.1.5 Uplink Outer Loop Power Control Parameters

Table 4-5 Uplink Outer Loop Power Control Parameters

Recom
Parameter Value Default mende
GUI Name Parameter Description Unit
Name Range Value d
Value

This parameter specifies the 0: BLER


algorithm of normal outer Target 1: 1:
Normal
loop power control to be Algorithm Thresh Thresh
URncInfo.o OLPC
used. There are two types of 1: N/A old old
lPcAlg Algorithm
algorithm: BLER Target Threshol Algorith Algorith
Method
Algorithm and Threshold d m m
Algorithm. Algorithm

This parameter indicates the


shielded period used in the
Shield
uplink outer loop power
Period for
UCelInfoF control algorithm. For the (2..200)Fr
Increasing
DD.coverP threshold algorithm, after the ames, Frames 6 6
SIR Target
rd uplink target is step
SIR
in Threshold
increased, because of the 1Frame
Algorithm
existence of round-trip time,
the effect of the adjustment

ZTE Confidential Proprietary 64


Power Control

Recom
Parameter Value Default mende
GUI Name Parameter Description Unit
Name Range Value d
Value
cannot be shown before a
period of time. When the
shielded period is set, it
indicates that during this
shielded period, the received
error transport blocks will not
be handled.

This parameter indicates the


error block tolerance period
in outer loop power control
that uses the threshold
algorithm. If the tolerance
period does not expire but UL UL
the number of error blocks is NAMR4 NAMR4
larger than the error block .75~12. .75~12.
USrvPc.ble Tolerance threshold, the (1..65535 2kbps: 2kbps:
rAccpPerio BLER Signal-to-Interference Ratio )TBs, TBs 250,25 250,25
d Period (SIR) target is increased. If step 0,250,2 0,250,2
the tolerance period expires 1TBs 50,250, 50,250,
and the number of error 250,70, 250,70,
blocks is smaller than the 70,70 70,70
error block threshold, the
SIR target is decreased.
Otherwise, the SIR target is
not adjusted.
[Note1]

This parameter indicates the


error transport block number
UL UL
threshold in outer loop
Error NAMR4 NAMR4
power control that uses the
Transport .75~12. .75~12.
USrvPc.err threshold algorithm. If the (1..50)TB
Block TBs 2kbps: 2kbps:
orThresh number of error blocks s, step
Number 2,2,2,2, 2,2,2,2,
exceeds the threshold within 1TB
Threshold 2,2,1,1, 2,2,1,1,
a period, the RNC increases
1 1
the SIR target immediately.
[Note1]

ZTE Confidential Proprietary 65


Power Control

Recom
Parameter Value Default mende
GUI Name Parameter Description Unit
Name Range Value d
Value

This parameter indicates the


threshold for the number of
times that the physical
channel BER is less than or
The Number equal to the BER target in
Threshold of the QE-based uplink outer
Physical loop power control
3,3,3,3, 3,3,3,3,
USrvPc.qe Channel algorithm. If the number of
1..20 N/A 3,3,3,3, 3,3,3,3,
CntThres BER Less times that the physical
3 3
Than or channel BER is less than or
Equal BER equal to the BER target is
Target greater than or equal to the
threshold, the RNC
decreases the SIR target
immediately.
[Note1]

This parameter indicates the


BER target for a physical
channel within the valid time
window when the FP mode
is silent. The BER target is
used in outer loop power
control based on Quality UL UL
Estimation (QE). If NAMR4 NAMR4
Physical QE-Selector is "Selected" .75~12. .75~12.
USrvPc.qe Channel and a transport channel 2kbps : 2kbps :
(0..100)%
PhyBerTar BER Target BER is available, the % 4.9,4.9, 4.9,4.9,
, step
Sil For Silent transport channel BER is the 4.9,4.9, 4.9,4.9,
0.1%
Mode base of uplink data frame 4.9,4.9, 4.9,4.9,
QE. If no transport channel 4.9,4.9, 4.9,4.9,
BER is available for the 4.9 4.9
selected DCH, the physical
channel BER is used for QE.
If QE-Selector is set to
"Non-selected", the physical
channel BER is used as a
basis for estimating the

ZTE Confidential Proprietary 66


Power Control

Recom
Parameter Value Default mende
GUI Name Parameter Description Unit
Name Range Value d
Value
quality of uplink data frames.
If mixed services are used,
the minimum value in
qePhyBerTarSil of each
service is combined, and
signaling is excluded.
[Note1]

This parameter indicates the


step for decreasing the SIR
target of uplink outer loop
power control. To restore
UL UL
communication quality as
NAMR4 NAMR4
soon as possible when the
.75~12. .75~12.
communication environment
USrvPc.ul Uplink SIR 2kbps: 2kbps:
worsens and to lower the (0.1..0.5)
SirTargDn Target Down dB 0.1,0.1, 0.1,0.1,
communication quality dB, step
Step Step Size 0.1,0.1, 0.1,0.1,
slowly (to make it more 0.1dB
0.1,0.1, 0.1,0.1,
reliable) when the
0.1,0.1, 0.1,0.1,
environment improves, the
0.1 0.1
increasing and decreasing
steps are set asymmetrically
and separately.
[Note1]

This parameter indicates the


step for increasing the SIR
target of uplink outer loop UL UL
power control. To restore NAMR4 NAMR4
communication quality as .75~12. .75~12.
USrvPc.ul Uplink SIR soon as possible when the 2kbps: 2kbps:
(0.1..0.5)
SirTargUp Target Up communication environment dB 0.3,0.3, 0.3,0.3,
dB, step
Step Step Size worsens and to lower the 0.3,0.3, 0.3,0.3,
0.1dB
communication quality 0.3,0.3, 0.3,0.3,
slowly (to make it more 0.3,0.3, 0.3,0.3,
reliable) when the 0.3 0.3
environment improves, the
increasing and decreasing

ZTE Confidential Proprietary 67


Power Control

Recom
Parameter Value Default mende
GUI Name Parameter Description Unit
Name Range Value d
Value
steps are set asymmetrically
and separately.
[Note1]

This parameter indicates the


Uplink SIR 0.6,0.6, 0.6,0.6,
maximum step for
USrvPc.m Target 0.6,0.6, 0.6,0.6,
decreasing the SIR target of (0.1..1)dB
axSirTarg Maximum dB 0.6,0.6, 0.6,0.6,
uplink outer loop power , step
DnStep Down Step 0.6,0.6, 0.6,0.6,
control. 0.1dB
Size 0.6 0.6
[Note1]

This parameter indicates


Uplink Outer
whether the adaptive
Loop PC
USrvPc.sw downward SIR target 0,0,0,0, 0,0,0,0,
SIR Target 0: Off
chAdaptive adjustment step is used in N/A 0,0,0,0, 0,0,0,0,
Adaptive 1: On
Step uplink outer loop power 0 0
Down Step
control.
Size Switch
[Note1]

This parameter indicates the


initial SIR target of the uplink UL UL
physical channel of the R99 NAMR4 NAMR4
service. The SIR target is .75~12. .75~12.
(-8.2..17.
USrvDivPc Uplink Initial the criterion of uplink inner 2kbps: 2kbps:
3)dB, dB
.ulInitSIR SIR Target loop power control. The 3,1.5,1. 3,1.5,1.
step
value affects the 5,3,1.5, 5,3,1.5,
0.1dB
convergence speed of 1.5,1.5, 1.5,1.5,
power control. 1.5,1.5 1.5,1.5
[Note1]

This parameter indicates the UL UL


maximum uplink SIR target NAMR4 NAMR4
Maximum of the R99 service, which is (-8.2..17. .75~12. .75~12.
USrvDivPc
Uplink SIR used to restrict the range of 3)dB, dB 2kbps: 2kbps:
.ulMaxSIR
Target the SIR target in outer loop step 6,6,6,6, 6,6,6,6,
power control. 0.1dB 6,3.5,6, 6,3.5,6,
[Note1] 3.5,2 3.5,2

USrvDivPc Minimum This parameter indicates the UL UL


dB
.ulMinSIR Uplink SIR minimum uplink SIR target (-8.2..17. NAMR4 NAMR4

ZTE Confidential Proprietary 68


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Recom
Parameter Value Default mende
GUI Name Parameter Description Unit
Name Range Value d
Value
Target of the R99 service, which is 3)dB, .75~12. .75~12.
used to restrict the range of step 2kbps: 2kbps:
the SIR target in outer loop 0.1dB 0,0,0,0, 0,0,0,0,
power control. 0,0,0,0, 0,0,0,0,
[Note1] 0 0

This parameter indicates


whether Quality Estimation
(QE) based Uplink Outer
Loop Power Control (OLPC)
is enabled or disabled within
Uplink Outer
USrvPc.ul the valid time window when 0,0,0,0, 0,0,0,0,
Loop PC QE 0: Off
OlPcQESw the FP mode is silent. If N/A 0,0,0,0, 0,0,0,0,
Switch For 1: On
chSil BLER-based OLPC is 0 0
Silent Mode
invalid, the OLPC that is
based on the BER of a
physical channel can be
used.
[Note1]

This parameter indicates the


Additional additional step size to
Size for increase the uplink SIR
Uplink SIR target if consecutive error
URncFunct Target TBs occurs. If the last two (0..1)dB,
ion.sirUpA Increasing error TBs are consecutive step dB 0 0
ddStep When when the SIR target will be 0.1dB
Consecutive increased, the additional
Error TB step size must be added to
Occurs the SIR target increase step
size.

This parameter indicates the


ValidTime valid time window for TBs in
URncFunct 0..65535,
Window for the shielding period. In the
ion.validTi step 1;
the TB in time window after the 10 ms 0 0
mTbCovPr Unit
Shield shielding period of SIR
d 10ms
Period target increase, if the SIR
target is increased again, an

ZTE Confidential Proprietary 69


Power Control

Recom
Parameter Value Default mende
GUI Name Parameter Description Unit
Name Range Value d
Value
addition step size is added
to the SIR target increase
step size. This additional
step size is calculated
according to the error TB
number in and beyond the
shielding period.

UL UL
NAMR4 NAMR4
Uplink SIR This parameter indicates the .75~12. .75~12.
USrvPc.m Target maximum step size of 2kbps: 2kbps:
(0.1..1)dB
axSirTarg Maximum increasing the uplink SIR dB 0.6,0.6, 0.6,0.6,
, step
UpStep Up Step target. 0.6,0.6, 0.6,0.6,
0.1dB
Size [Note1] 0.6,0.6, 0.6,0.6,
0.6,0.6, 0.6,0.6,
0.6 0.6

Note1: The parameter is a 9-tuple. The elements are used in different load conditions
and for different user priorities. For details, refer to the ZTE UMTS Load Adaptive Power
Control Feature Guide. The relationships between the elements and load levels/user
priorities are as follows:
Element 1: low load, golden-level user.
Element 2: low load, silver-level user
Element 3: low load, bronze-level user
Element 4: medium load, golden-level user
Element 5: medium load, silver-level user
Element 6: medium load, bronze-level user
Element 7: high load, golden-level user
Element 8: high load, silver-level user
Element 9: high load, bronze-level user.

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4.1.6 Downlink Outer Loop Power Control Parameters

Table 4-6 Downlink Outer Loop Power Control Parameters

Recom
Parameter Value Default mende
GUI Name Parameter Description Unit
Name Range Value d
Value

DL DL
NAMR4 NAMR4
This parameter indicates the .75~12. .75~12.
Block Error Ratio (BLER) 2kbps: 2kbps:
target of a transport channel, 1.0000 1.0000
and is the benchmark for 000000 000000
outer loop power control. In 00000e 00000e
the case of a service with -002,1. -002,1.
multiple sub-flows, this 000000 000000
parameter is applicable to 000000 000000
the first sub-flow. 000e-0 000e-0
The signaling value is Log10 02,1.00 02,1.00
(transport channel BLER 000000 000000
quality target). That is, the 000000 000000
physical value P in TS 0e-002, 0e-002,
25.331 is Log10 (actual 1.0000 1.0000
USrvPc.ble BLER
rTarget Target value); the scalar value D in Note2 N/A 000000 000000
TS 25.331 is P*10; the value 00000e 00000e
configured in the database is -002,1. -002,1.
D+63; the actual value 000000 000000
configured on the OMCR is 000000 000000
10^P, and is listed in 000e-0 000e-0
exponential form, refer to the 02,1.00 02,1.00
table in value range. 000000 000000

Calculation method: 000000 000000


0e-002, 0e-002,
BLEREVAL=1: 63;
1.2589 1.2589
BLER=10.^
254117 254117
( (BLEREVAL-63)/10);
94168e 94168e
S=[BLEREVAL; BLER]' -002,1. -002,1.
[Note1] 258925 258925
411794 411794
168e-0 168e-0

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Recom
Parameter Value Default mende
GUI Name Parameter Description Unit
Name Range Value d
Value
02,1.25 02,1.25
892541 892541
179416 179416
8e-002 8e-002

Note1: The parameter is a 9-tuple. The elements are used in different load conditions
and for different user priorities. For details, refer to the ZTE UMTS Load Adaptive Power
Control Feature Guide. The relationships between the elements and load levels/user
priorities are as follows:
Element 1: low load, golden-level user.
Element 2: low load, silver-level user
Element 3: low load, bronze-level user
Element 4: medium load, golden-level user
Element 5: medium load, silver-level user
Element 6: medium load, bronze-level user
Element 7: high load, golden-level user
Element 8: high load, silver-level user
Element 9: high load, bronze-level user.

Note2: The mapping relations between the quantized values and the physical values of
USrvPc.blerTarget are as follows:
Physical Value Quantized Value

0 0

6.309573444801915e-007 1

7.943282347242824e-007 2

1.000000000000000e-006 3

1.258925411794166e-006 4

1.584893192461114e-006 5

1.995262314968879e-006 6

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Physical Value Quantized Value

2.511886431509582e-006 7

3.162277660168379e-006 8

3.981071705534968e-006 9

5.011872336272724e-006 10

6.309573444801928e-006 11

7.943282347242820e-006 12

1.000000000000000e-005 13

1.258925411794166e-005 14

1.584893192461114e-005 15

1.995262314968880e-005 16

2.511886431509581e-005 17

3.162277660168382e-005 18

3.981071705534966e-005 19

5.011872336272722e-005 20

6.309573444801933e-005 21

7.943282347242817e-005 22

1.000000000000000e-004 23

1.258925411794168e-004 24

1.584893192461115e-004 25

1.995262314968877e-004 26

2.511886431509580e-004 27

3.162277660168380e-004 28

3.981071705534974e-004 29

5.011872336272726e-004 30

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Physical Value Quantized Value

6.309573444801930e-004 31

7.943282347242803e-004 32

1.000000000000000e-003 33

1.258925411794168e-003 34

1.584893192461114e-003 35

1.995262314968878e-003 36

2.511886431509579e-003 37

3.162277660168379e-003 38

3.981071705534972e-003 39

5.011872336272724e-003 40

6.309573444801928e-003 41

7.943282347242816e-003 42

1.000000000000000e-002 43

1.258925411794168e-002 44

1.584893192461114e-002 45

1.995262314968880e-002 46

2.511886431509580e-002 47

3.162277660168379e-002 48

3.981071705534974e-002 49

5.011872336272722e-002 50

6.309573444801933e-002 51

7.943282347242812e-002 52

1.000000000000000e-001 53

1.258925411794167e-001 54

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Physical Value Quantized Value

1.584893192461114e-001 55

1.995262314968880e-001 56

2.511886431509580e-001 57

3.162277660168380e-001 58

3.981071705534972e-001 59

5.011872336272722e-001 60

6.309573444801932e-001 61

7.943282347242815e-001 62

1.000000000000000e+000 63

4.2 ZWF21-04-008 Downlink Power Balancing

4.2.1 Downlink Power Balancing Parameters

Table 4-7 Downlink Power Balancing Parameters

Recom
Parameter Value Default mende
GUI Name Parameter Description Unit
Name Range Value d
Value

This parameter indicates the


balancing type of the DL
power. None indicates there
Adjustment
is no need to balance the DL 0: None 1: 1:
UIubLink.a Type for DL
power. Common indicates to 1: N/A Commo Commo
djType Power
balance the DL power and Common n n
balancing
the balanced radio links use
the same power.

URncFunct Switch of This parameter indicates 0: Off


N/A 1: On 1: On
ion.iurPwr Using DL whether to enable or disable 1: On

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Recom
Parameter Value Default mende
GUI Name Parameter Description Unit
Name Range Value d
Value
CtlReqSwc Power the downlink power
h Control balancing function through
Request the Power Control Request
Information message on the Iur
in Iur interface. When this function
Interface is enabled, the DRNC can
send the DL POWER
CONTROL REQUEST
message received from the
Iur interface to the Node B.
When this function is
disabled, the DRNC will
discard the DL POWER
CONTROL REQUEST
message received from the
Iur interface.

4.2.2 Node B Dedicated Measurement Parameters

Table 4-8 Node B Dedicated Measurement Parameters

Recom
Parameter Value Default mende
GUI Name Parameter Description Unit
Name Range Value d
Value

NbDed
UNbDedMe This parameter indicates the
Measure
as.nbDMCfg Node B Dedicated Measure 0..65535 N/A N/A N/A
Configuratio
No Configuration No.
n No

0: Period 0: 0:
This parameter indicates the Report Period Period
Function of
UNbDedMe function, purpose etc. of the Paramete Report Report
Configuratio
as.nbDMCfg dedicated measurement rs for N/A Parame Parame
n
Note parameters indicated by the TCP in ters for ters for
Parameters
configuration index. Power TCP in TCP in
balancing Power Power

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Recom
Parameter Value Default mende
GUI Name Parameter Description Unit
Name Range Value d
Value
1: Period balanci balanci
Report ng ng
Paramete 1: 1:
rs for Period Period
TCP in Report Report
AMR or Parame Parame
DASF-PS ters for ters for
or TCP in TCP in
Handover AMR or AMR or
Control DASF- DASF-
2: Event PS or PS or
A Report Handov Handov
Paramete er er
rs for Control Control
TCP in 2: 2:
DASF-PS Event A Event A
3: Event Report Report
B Report Parame Parame
Paramete ters for ters for
rs for TCP in TCP in
TCP in DASF- DASF-
DASF-PS PS PS
4: Period 3: 3:
Report Event B Event B
Paramete Report Report
rs for Parame Parame
RTT in ters for ters for
LCS TCP in TCP in
5: Event DASF- DASF-
E Report PS PS
Paramete 4: 4:
rs for SIR Period Period
Error in Report Report
Outer Parame Parame
Loop ters for ters for
Power RTT in RTT in
Control LCS LCS

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Recom
Parameter Value Default mende
GUI Name Parameter Description Unit
Name Range Value d
Value
6: Event 5: 5:
F Report Event E Event E
Paramete Report Report
rs for SIR Parame Parame
Error in ters for ters for
Outer SIR SIR
Loop Error in Error in
Power Outer Outer
Control Loop Loop
7: Event Power Power
A Report Control Control
Paramete 6: 6:
rs for Event F Event F
TCP in Report Report
AMR Parame Parame
8: Event ters for ters for
B Report SIR SIR
Paramete Error in Error in
rs for Outer Outer
TCP in Loop Loop
AMR Power Power
9: Event Control Control
A Report 7: 7:
Paramete Event A Event A
rs for Report Report
TCP in Parame Parame
Handover ters 2 ters 2
Control for TCP for TCP
10: Event in AMR in AMR
B Report 8: 8:
Paramete Event B Event B
rs for Report Report
TCP in Parame Parame
Handover ters 2 ters 2
Control for TCP for TCP
in AMR in AMR
9: 9:

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Recom
Parameter Value Default mende
GUI Name Parameter Description Unit
Name Range Value d
Value
Event A Event A
Report Report
Parame Parame
ters for ters for
TCP in TCP in
Handov Handov
er er
Control Control
10: 10:
Event B Event B
Report Report
Parame Parame
ters for ters for
TCP in TCP in
Handov Handov
er er
Control Control

Period Period
Report Report
1: SIR Parame Parame
Error ters for ters for
This parameter indicates the 2: TCP in TCP in
UNbDedMe Dedicated
type of dedicated Transmitt Power Power
as.dedMeas Measureme N/A
measurement to be ed Code balanci balanci
Type nt Type
executed by Node B Power ng: ng:
5: Round Transm Transm
Trip Time itted itted
Code Code
Power Power

This parameter indicates


how filtering of the
(0, 1, 2, 3,
measurement values should All All
UNbDedMe Measureme 4, 5, 6, 7,
be performed before measur measur
as.measFilt nt Filter 8, 9, 11, N/A
measurement event ements ements
erCoeff Coefficient 13, 15,
evaluation and reporting. :2 :2
17, 19)
The averaging should be
performed according to the

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Recom
Parameter Value Default mende
GUI Name Parameter Description Unit
Name Range Value d
Value
following formula.
F(n) = (1-a)* F(n-1) +
a*M(n)
The variables in the formula
are defined as follows:
F(n) is the updated filtered
measurement result
F(n-1) is the old filtered
measurement result
M(n) is the latest received
measurement result from
physical layer
measurements
a = (1/2)^ (k/2) , where k is
the Measurement Filter
Coefficient. If k is 0 there’s
no filtering)
During the initialization, F(0)
is set to M(1) when the first
measurement result from the
physical layer measurement
is received.

1: On
Demand
2:
Period Period
Periodic
Report Report
3: Event
This parameter indicates the Parame Parame
A
report characteristics of ters for ters for
Report 4: Event
UNbDedMe measurement results, which TCP in TCP in
Characteristi B N/A
as.rptType can be on demand, periodic Power Power
cs 5: Event
or by triggering all kinds of balanci balanci
C
events. ng: ng:
6: Event
Periodi Periodi
D
c c
7: Event
E
8: Event

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Recom
Parameter Value Default mende
GUI Name Parameter Description Unit
Name Range Value d
Value
F
rptPrdUnit
=1:
(10..6000
0)ms,
This parameter indicates the
step
UNbDedMe Report frequency of measurement
10ms ms 4000 4000
as.rptPrd Period report transmitted by Node
rptPrdUnit
B.
=2:
(1..60)mi
n step
min

Choice This parameter indicates the


UNbDedMe
Report report period unit applied by 1: ms
as.rptPrdUni N/A 1: ms 1: ms
Periodicity Node B for measurement 2: min
t
Scale result reporting.

5 Related Counters and Alarms

5.1 Related Counters

Table 5-1 Counter List

Counter ID Name

300840 Average Cell Freq RTWP

300843 Average Noise Floor

300824 Average Cell TCP Utilization Ratio

300690 Average UL HSUPA RAB throughput

300691 Average DL HSDPA RAB throughput

300572 Traffic of HSUPA

300571 Traffic of HSDPA

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300538 Traffic Volume, CS AMR

300871 UL Bler for AMR 12.2

300896 UL Bler for PS-interactive 8K

300897 UL Bler for PS-interactive 16K

300898 UL Bler for PS-interactive 32K

300899 UL Bler for PS-interactive 64K

300900 UL Bler for PS-interactive 128K

300901 UL Bler for PS-interactive 256K

300902 UL Bler for PS-interactive 384K

300903 UL Bler for PS-background 8K

300904 UL Bler for PS-background 16K

300905 UL Bler for PS-background 32K

300906 UL Bler for PS-background 64K

300907 UL Bler for PS-background 128K

300908 UL Bler for PS-background 256K

300909 UL Bler for PS-background 384K

300020 Ratio of successful RRC connection establishment

Ratio of successful RRC connection


300021
establishment(service relative)

300043 Ratio of successful RAB establishment

300046 Ratio of successful CS RAB establishment

300073 Ratio of successful PS RAB establishment

300248 Ratio of all Call Drop

300249 Ratio of CS Call Drop

300294 Ratio of PS Call Drop

C310444435 Configured Maximum DL Power

C310444436 Current utilizing rate of TCP

C310444437 Maximum utilizing rate of TCP

C310446508 Minimum utilizing rate of TCP

C310444439 Sum of utilizing rate of TCP

C310444440 Current TCP

C310444441 Maximum TCP

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C310446510 Minimum TCP

C310444443 Sum of TCP

C310444444 Reported times of TCP

C310444445 Times of TCP less than 30.0dBm

C310444446 Times of TCP between[30.0,31.0)dBm

C310444447 Times of TCP between[31.0,32.0)dBm

C310444448 Times of TCP between[32.0,33.0)dBm

C310444449 Times of TCP between[33.0,34.0)dBm

C310444450 Times of TCP between[34.0,35.0)dBm

C310444451 Times of TCP between[35.0,36.0)dBm

C310444452 Times of TCP between[36.0,37.0)dBm

C310444453 Times of TCP between[37.0,38.0)dBm

C310444454 Times of TCP between[38.0,39.0)dBm

C310444455 Times of TCP between[39.0,40.0)dBm

C310444456 Times of TCP between[40.0,41.0)dBm

C310444457 Times of TCP between[41.0,42.0)dBm

C310444458 Times of TCP between[42.0,43.0)dBm

C310444459 Times of TCP between[43.0,44.0)dBm

C310444460 Times of TCP between[44.0,45.0)dBm

C310444461 Times of TCP between[45.0,46.0)dBm

C310444462 Times of TCP more than 46.0dBm

5.2 Related Alarms

This feature has no related alarm.

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6 Engineering Guide

6.1 Application Scenario

1. Power control is a basic feature. It should be used in all scenarios to ensure the
service quality and system capacity.

Whether the QE based OLPC in the uplink outer loop power control is activated or
not is based on the cell load. When the system capacity is limited due to high uplink
load, this function can be activated to improve the system capacity.

2. Power balancing is also a basic feature. It also should be used in all scenarios to
avoid power drifting when a soft handover occurs.

6.2 Feature Activation Procedure

6.2.1 ZWF21-04-009 Power Control

This procedure describes how to locate the parameters related to this feature in the GUI.
The parameter values on the screenshots in the procedure are for reference only. Refer
to Chapter 4 for the recommended values of the related parameters.

In the configuration resource tree, select Modify Area > Managed Element > UMTS
Logical Function Configuration > UTRAN Cell > Channel Configuration > AICH
Configuration > PRACH Configuration, and set PRACH Preamble Power Ramp Step,
and PRACH Initiation Tx Power Constant Value, see the following figure.

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Figure 6-1 Parameter Configuration Interface 1

In the configuration resource tree, select Modify Area > Managed Element > UMTS
Logical Function Configuration > Service Configuration > Service Function >
Power Control Profile Related to Service, and set Service Related Power Control
Profile ID, and Initial Load Scene, see the following figure.

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Figure 6-2 Parameter Configuration Interface 2

In the configuration resource tree, select Modify Area > Managed Element > UMTS
Logical Function Configuration > Service Configuration > Service Function >
Power Control Profile Related to Service > Power Control Related to Service, and
set Sub-service Type, Uplink Inner Loop Power Control Algorithm, Step Size of
Downlink Inner Loop Power Control, Step Size of Uplink Inner Loop Power Control,
Uplink SIR Target Down Step Size, Uplink SIR Target Up Step Size, Uplink SIR
Target Maximum Down Step Size, Uplink SIR Target Maximum Up Step Size, BLER
Target, Error Transport Block Number Threshold, Tolerance BLER Period,
Physical Channel BER Target For Silent Mode, The Number Threshold of Physical
Channel BER Less Than or Equal BER Target, Uplink Outer Loop PC SIR Target
Adaptive Down Step Size Switch, and Uplink Outer Loop PC QE Switch For Silent
Mode, see the following figure. Figure 6-16

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Figure 6-3 Parameter Configuration Interface 3

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In the configuration resource tree, select Modify Area > Managed Element > UMTS
Logical Function Configuration > Service Configuration > Service Function >
Power Control Profile Related to Service > Power Control Related to Service >
Power Control Related to Service and Diversity Mode, and set Transmit Diversity
Mode, DPCH Maximum DL Power, DPCH Minimum DL Power, DPCH PO1, DPCH
PO2, DPCH PO3, DPCCH Pilot Field Eb/N0, Maximum Allowed Uplink DPCH
Transmission Power, Uplink Initial SIR Target, and Maximum Uplink SIR Target,
Minimum Uplink SIR Target, see the following figure.Figure 6-17

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Figure 6-4 Parameter Configuration Interface 4

In the configuration resource tree, select Modify Area > Managed Element > UMTS
Logical Function Configuration > UTRAN Cell > Extended Info of UTRAN Cell, and
set Uplink Rx Gain Provided by Tower Mounted Amplifier, DPCH PC Preamble
Length, SRB Delay, Shield Period for Increasing SIR Target in Threshold Algorithm,
Power Offset for Downlink DPCH Initial Power Calculation when RAB Hard
Handover, Power Offset for Downlink DPCH Initial Power Calculation when RAB
Re-Establishment, Power Offset for Downlink DPCH Initial Power Calculation when
Call Setup, Power Offset for Downlink DPCH Initial Power Calculation when Soft or
Softer Handover, and Power Offset for Downlink DPCH Initial Power Calculation
when SRB Hard Handover, see the following figure.

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Figure 6-5 Parameter Configuration Interface 5

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In the configuration resource tree, select Modify Area > Managed Element > UMTS
Logical Function Configuration > UTRAN Cell > Extended Info of UTRAN Cell, and
set PICH Power, P-CPICH Power, BCH Power, PCH Power, Primary SCH Power,
Secondary SCH Power, AICH Power, Cell Load Scene, Used Power Control Profile
Related to Service, SIB7 Originator, DL TPC Pattern 01 Count, and Maximum
Allowed UL TX Power of RACH, see the following figure.

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Figure 6-6 Parameter Configuration Interface 6

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In the configuration resource tree, select Modify Area > Managed Element > UMTS
Logical Function Configuration > PLMN Relating Configuration > Logic RNC
Configuration, and set Dynamic Update PO2 Switch, see the following figure.

Figure 6-7 Parameter Configuration Interface 7

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In the configuration resource tree, select Modify Area > Managed Element > UMTS
Logical Function Configuration, and set The Offset of CPICH Ec/No in Iur Interface
Relative to the UE Measurement Result, Additional Size for Uplink SIR Target
Increasing When Consecutive Error TB Occurs, Valid Time Window for the TB in
Shield Period, and Switch of Using DL Power Control Request Information in Iur
Interface, see the following figure.

Figure 6-8 Parameter Configuration Interface 8

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In the configuration resource tree, select Modify Area > Managed Element > UMTS
Logical Function Configuration > Extended Info of RNC, and set Normal OLPC
Algorithm Method, see the following figure.

Figure 6-9 Parameter Configuration Interface 9

In the configuration resource tree, select Modify Area > Managed Element > UMTS
Logical Function Configuration > UTRAN Cell > SCCPCH Configuration, and set

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Maximum FACH Power, S-CCPCH TFCI Field Power Offset, and S-CCPCH Pilot
Field Power Offset, see the following figure.

Figure 6-10 Parameter Configuration Interface 10

In the configuration resource tree, select Modify Area > Managed Element > UMTS
Logical Function Configuration > Service Configuration > Basic Compress Mode
Configuration, and set Recovery Period Power Control Mode, Initial Transmit
Power Mode, DeltaSIR1, DeltaSIR2, DeltaSIRafter1, and DeltaSIRafter2, see the
following figure.

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Figure 6-11 Parameter Configuration Interface 11

In the configuration resource tree, select Modify Area > Managed Element > UMTS
Logical Function Configuration > Link Configuration > Iub Link, and set
Adjustment Type for DL Power balancing, see the following figure.

Figure 6-12 Parameter Configuration Interface 12

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Power Control

In the configuration resource tree, select Modify Area > Managed Element > UMTS
Logical Function Configuration > Service Configuration > Measurement
Configuration > NodeB Dedicated Measurement Profile > NodeB Dedicated
Measurement Configuration, and set Function of Configuration Parameters,
Dedicated Measurement Type, Measurement Filter Coefficient, Report
Characteristics, and Choice Report Periodicity Scale, and Report Period, see the
following figure.

Figure 6-13 Parameter Configuration Interface13

6.2.2 ZWF21-04-008 Downlink Power Balancing

This procedure describes how to locate the parameters related to this feature in the GUI.
The parameter values on the screenshots in the procedure are for reference only. Refer
to Chapter 4 for the recommended values of the related parameters.

In the configuration resource tree, select Modify Area > Managed Element > UMTS
Logical Function Configuration > UTRAN Cell > Channel Configuration > AICH
Configuration > PRACH Configuration, and set PRACH Preamble Power Ramp Step,
and PRACH Initiation Tx Power Constant Value, see the following figure.

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Figure 6-14 Parameter Configuration Interface 14

In the configuration resource tree, select Modify Area > Managed Element > UMTS
Logical Function Configuration > Service Configuration > Service Function >
Power Control Profile Related to Service, and set Service Related Power Control
Profile ID, and Initial Load Scene see the following figure.

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Figure 6-15 Parameter Configuration Interface 15

In the configuration resource tree, select Modify Area > Managed Element > UMTS
Logical Function Configuration > Service Configuration > Service Function >
Power Control Profile Related to Service > Power Control Related to Service, and
set Sub-service Type, Uplink Inner Loop Power Control Algorithm, Step Size of
Downlink Inner Loop Power Control, Step Size of Uplink Inner Loop Power Control,
Uplink SIR Target Down Step Size, Uplink SIR Target Up Step Size, Uplink SIR
Target Maximum Down Step Size, Uplink SIR Target Maximum Up Step Size, BLER
Target, Error Transport Block Number Threshold, Tolerance BLER Period,
Physical Channel BER Target For Silent Mode, The Number Threshold of Physical
Channel BER Less Than or Equal BER Target, Uplink Outer Loop PC SIR Target
Adaptive Down Step Size Switch, and Uplink Outer Loop PC QE Switch For Silent
Mode, see the following figure.

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Figure 6-16 Parameter Configuration Interface 16

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In the configuration resource tree, select Modify Area > Managed Element > UMTS
Logical Function Configuration > Service Configuration > Service Function >
Power Control Profile Related to Service > Power Control Related to Service >
Power Control Related to Service and Diversity Mode, and set Transmit Diversity
Mode, DPCH Maximum DL Power, DPCH Minimum DL Power, DPCH PO1, DPCH
PO2, DPCH PO3, DPCCH Pilot Field Eb/N0, Maximum Allowed Uplink DPCH
Transmission Power, Uplink Initial SIR Target, Maximum Uplink SIR Target, and
Minimum Uplink SIR Target, see the following figure.

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Figure 6-17 Parameter Configuration Interface 17

In the configuration resource tree, select Modify Area > Managed Element > UMTS
Logical Function Configuration > UTRAN Cell > Extended Info of UTRAN Cell, and
set Uplink Rx Gain Provided by Tower Mounted Amplifier, DPCH PC Preamble
Length, SRB Delay, Shield Period for Increasing SIR Target in Threshold Algorithm,
Power Offset for Downlink DPCH Initial Power Calculation when RAB Hard
Handover, Power Offset for Downlink DPCH Initial Power Calculation when RAB
Re-Establishment, Power Offset for Downlink DPCH Initial Power Calculation when
Call Setup, Power Offset for Downlink DPCH Initial Power Calculation when Soft or
Softer Handover, and Power Offset for Downlink DPCH Initial Power Calculation
when SRB Hard Handover, see the following figure.

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Figure 6-18 Parameter Configuration Interface 18

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In the configuration resource tree, select Modify Area > Managed Element > UMTS
Logical Function Configuration > UTRAN Cell > Extended Info of UTRAN Cell, and
set PICH Power, P-CPICH Power, BCH Power, PCH Power, Primary SCH Power,
Secondary SCH Power, AICH Power, Cell Load Scene, Used Power Control Profile
Related to Service, SIB7 Originator, DL TPC Pattern 01 Count, and Maximum
Allowed UL TX Power of RACH, see the following figure.

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Figure 6-19 Parameter Configuration Interface 19

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In the configuration resource tree, select Modify Area > Managed Element > UMTS
Logical Function Configuration > PLMN Relating Configuration > Logic RNC
Configuration, and set Dynamic Update PO2 Switch, see the following figure.

Figure 6-20 Parameter Configuration Interface 20

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In the configuration resource tree, select Modify Area > Managed Element > UMTS
Logical Function Configuration, and set The Offset of CPICH Ec/No in Iur Interface
Relative to the UE Measurement Result, Additional Size for Uplink SIR Target
Increasing When Consecutive Error TB Occurs, Valid Time Window for the TB in
Shield Period, and Switch of Using DL Power Control Request Information in Iur
Interface, see the following figure.

Figure 6-21 Parameter Configuration Interface 21

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In the configuration resource tree, select Modify Area > Managed Element > UMTS
Logical Function Configuration > Extended Info of RNC, and set Normal OLPC
Algorithm Method, see the following figure.

Figure 6-22 Parameter Configuration Interface 22

In the configuration resource tree, select Modify Area > Managed Element > UMTS
Logical Function Configuration > UTRAN Cell > SCCPCH Configuration, and set

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Maximum FACH Power, S-CCPCH TFCI Field Power Offset, and S-CCPCH Pilot
Field Power Offset, see the following figure.

Figure 6-23 Parameter Configuration Interface 23

In the configuration resource tree, select Modify Area > Managed Element > UMTS
Logical Function Configuration > Service Configuration > Basic Compress Mode
Configuration, and set Recovery Period Power Control Mode, Initial Transmit
Power Mode, DeltaSIR1, DeltaSIR2, DeltaSIRafter1, and DeltaSIRafter2, see the
following figure.

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Figure 6-24 Parameter Configuration Interface 24

In the configuration resource tree, select Modify Area > Managed Element > UMTS
Logical Function Configuration > Link Configuration > Iub Link, and set
Adjustment Type for DL Power balancing, see the following figure.

Figure 6-25 Parameter Configuration Interface 25

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In the configuration resource tree, select Modify Area > Managed Element > UMTS
Logical Function Configuration > Service Configuration > Measurement
Configuration > NodeB Dedicated Measurement Profile > NodeB Dedicated
Measurement Configuration, and set Function of Configuration Parameters,
Dedicated Measurement Type, Measurement Filter Coefficient, Report
Characteristics, Choice Report Periodicity Scale, and Report Period, see the
following figure.

Figure 6-26 Parameter Configuration Interface 26

6.3 Feature Validation Procedure

6.3.1 ZWF21-04-009 Power Control

Table 6-1 Feature Validation Procedure

Test Item Power Control

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Test Item Power Control

1. The WCDMA system is ready.

2. Cell1 supports HSUPA, HSDPA and DCH.


Prerequisit
3. UE1 camps on Cell1 in Idle mode.
e
4. UE1 supports R99 and subscribes to interactive or background service,
MBR = UL2Mbps/DL2Mbps.

1. UE1 activates a PS call in Cell1 and starts FTP download.

Steps 2. Move UE1 away from Cell1. RNC will adjust the SIR Target.

3. Deactivate the PDP.

Expected
1. SIR Target is adjusted with the bler for the whole time.
Result

6.3.2 ZWF21-04-008 Downlink Power Balancing

Table 6-2 Feature Validation Procedure

Test Item Downlink Power Balancing

1. The WCDMA system is ready.

2. Cell1 and Cell2 support R6+R5+R99 and belong to RNC1/NodeB1.

3. Cell1 and Cell2 have the same frequency. Configure Cell1 and Cell2
Prerequisite
adjacent cells with different coverage.

4. Configure the CPICH power of each cell as the same value.

5. UE1 and UE2 camps on Cell1 in Idle mode.

1. UE1 makes CS voice call with UE2 in Cell1

2. UE1 moves from Cell1 to Cell2 to trigger event 1A. Cell2 is added into
Steps
the active set. Maintain the call in 2-way SHO state for 60s.

3. Release the CS service.

1. When the UE is in macro diversity status, the downlink DCH power of


each cell (can be observed by TCP from the dedicate measurement
Expected
report) increases or decreases synchronously). For a long term, the
Result
downlink DCH power of each cell will change step by step to the same
value.

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6.4 Feature Deactivation Procedure

None.

6.5 Impact on the Network

1. Impact on Equipment Performance

None.

2. Impact on Network KPIs

i. Power control is a basic feature, and it is activated all the time.

Advantages of this feature:

It ensures the service quality and system capacity.

When the QE based OLPC algorithm in the uplink outer loop power control is
activated, the system capacity can be increased.

Disadvantages of this feature:

When the QE based OLPC algorithm in the uplink outer loop power control is
activated, the service quality will be reduced.

ii. Power balancing is a basic feature, and it is activated all the time.

Advantages of this feature:

It can avoid power drifting when a soft handover occurs.

Disadvantages of this feature:

None.

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7 Abbreviation
Abbreviation Full Name

ACK Acknowledgement

AICH Acquisition Indicator Channel

AMR Adaptive Multi-Rate

BCH Broadcast Channel

BER Bit Error Rate

BLER Block Error Rate

CPICH Common Pilot Channel

CRC Cyclic Redundancy Check

DCH Dedicated Channel

DL Downlink

DPCCH Dedicated Physical Control Channel

DPCH Dedicated Physical Channel

DRNC Drift RNC

FDD Frequency Division Duplex

FACH Forward Access Channel

FP Frame Protocol

NAMR Narrow Band Adaptive Multi-Rate

OLPC Outer Loop Power Control

OMCR Operations & Maintenance Center-radio

P-CPICH(PCPICH) Primary Common Pilot Channel

PCA Power Control Algorithm

PCH Paging Channel

PICH Paging Indicator Channel

PL Puncture Limitation

PRACH Physical Random Access Channel

PSCH Primary Synchronization Channel

QoS Quality of Service

QE Quality Estimate

R99 Release 1999

RAB Radio Access Bearer

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RACH Random Access Channel

RNC Radio Network Controller

RSCP Received Signal Code Power

RTWP Received Total Wide Band Power

S-CCPCH Secondary Common Control Physical Channel

SCPICH Secondary Common Pilot Channel

SCH Synchronization Channel

SIB System Information Block

SIR Signal to Interference Ratio

SRB Signaling Radio Bearer

SSCH Secondary Synchronization Channel

TB Transport Block

TF Transport Format

TFC Transport Format Combination

TFCI Transport Format Combination Indicator

TPC Transmit Power Control

TX Transmission

TTI Transmission Time Interval

UE User Equipment

UMTS Universal Mobile Telecommunication System

WAMR Wide Band Adaptive Multi-Rate

WCDMA Wideband Code Division Multiple Access

8 Reference Document
[1] ZXUR 9000 UMTS (V4.14.10.14) Radio Network Controller Radio Parameter
Reference

[2] ZXWR RNC (V3.14.10.14) Radio Network Controller Radio Parameter Reference

[3] ZXUR 9000 UMTS (V4.14.10.14) Radio Network Controller Performance Counter
Reference

[4] ZXWR RNC (V3.14.10.14) Radio Network Controller Performance Counter Reference

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[5] ZTE UMTS Load Adaptive Power Control Feature Guide

[6] ZTE UMTS HSDPA Introduction Feature Guide

[7] ZTE UMTS HSUPA Introduction Feature Guide

[8] ZTE UMTS DC-HSUPA Feature Guide

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