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Americas

 

5200

1995

2005

2016

The setting

Population, total (mln)

782.0

889.2

1 006.8

Rural population, total (mln)

198.8

196.0

192.8

Govt expenditure on ag (% total outlays)

Area harvested, crops (mln ha)

242.1

262.4

298.1

Cropping intensity ratio

0.6

0.7

0.7

Internal renew. water resources per cap (m3)

22 851

19 618

Land area equipped for irrigation (1000 ha)

46 052

49 606

52 248

Agric. area actually irrigated (% agric. area)

Employment in agriculture (%)

14.7

12.2

9.4

Employment in agriculture, female (%)

8.7

7.3

4.8

Fertilizers use, Nitrogen (1000 t nutrients)

18 628.0

24 296.9

Fertilizers use, Phosphate (1000 t nutrients)

9 536.1

12 742.3

Fertilizers use, Potash (1000 t nutrients)

9 335.8

12 293.1

Agr value added per worker (constant US$)

5 908

8 396

Hunger dimensions

Average dietary energy supply (kcal/cap/day)

3 208

3 265

Average dietary energy supply adequacy (%)

Dietary energy supp, cereals/roots/tubers (%)

Prevalence of undernourishment (%)

5.8

3.9

Prevalence of severe food insecurity (%)

GDP per capita (US$, PPP)

21 481

25 934

28 296

Cereal import dependency ratio (%)

Stunting, children under 5 (%)

Wasting, children under 5 (%)

Safely managed drinking water (% pop using)

Food supply

Food production value, net, (2004-06 mln I$)

341 451

441 044

560 367

Agriculture, value added (% GDP)

2

2

2

Food (excl. fish) exports (mln US$)

81 112

125 115

285 318

Food (excl. fish) imports (mln US$)

44 509

81 569

166 752

Production indices (2004-06=100)

Food

77

100

127

Crops

76

100

131

Cereals

79

101

131

Vegetable oils

64

102

158

Roots and tubers

92

98

99

Fruit and vegetables

83

99

113

Sugar

79

96

150

Livestock

79

100

114

Milk

83

100

118

Meat

78

100

112

Fish

107

102

73

Net trade (mln US$)

Cereals and preparations

13 992

8 750

17 987

Fruit and vegetables

5 743

5 911

17 537

Meat and meat preparations

6 273

11 404

22 585

Dairy products (milk equivalent)

-1 675

-1 605

-1 227

Fish

3 365

1 612

68

Environment

Forest area (% total land area)

43

42

41

Agricultural area (% of total land area)

31

31

32

Freshwater withdrawal (% int renewable)

4.0

Terrestrial protect areas (% total land area)

18

Organic area (ha)

Wood pellet prod. (thousand tonnes)

9 491

Emissions in agriculture (CO2 eq. Gg)

1 153 583

1 274 291

1 346 226

Net emissions in land use (CO2 eq. Gg)

1 291 933

1 726 680

810 489