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ADJECTIVE CLAUSE CONNECTORS

Adjective clause is a clause used to explain nouns. Adjective clause is used as an explanation of
the noun, then the adjective clause is placed after the number described.

Please look at the following sentence

The woman is filling the glass that is on the table. (ADJECTIVE CLAUSE)

There are two clauses in the example:

· woman is the subject of the verb is filling,

· that is the subject of the verb is.

These two clauses are joined with the connector that.

You should notice that in the sentence above, the word that serves two functions at the same
time:

· As the subject of the verb is,

· As the connector that joins the two clauses.

The adjective clause “that is on the table” describes the noun glass.

Pola Adjective Clause Connectors

Which That Who Whom


Used for things Used for things and people Used for people as subject Used as people as object
S + V + adjective clause connector/subject + V
She needs bodyguards who are strong
S + adjective clause connector/subject + V + V
Bodyguards who are strong is valuable
KETERANGAN:
Adjective clause
Hijau : Subject
Biru : Verb
Merah : Connectors
The following example shows how these sentence patterns could be tested:

Analysis:

The only answer that has two subjects is answer (B).

The correct sentence should say: “The notebook which is on the table has four sections”. “Notebook” is
the subject of the verb has. Which is the subject of the verb is. Beside that, Which is also the connector
that joins the two clauses.

Latihan Soal

1. I did not believe the story that he told me. (Correct)

Analysis:
First Clause : I did not believe the story

Second Clause : He told me

Adjective clause connector : that

2. Ms. Brown, whom did you recommend for the job, will start work tomorrow.(Incorrect)

Analysis:

First clause : Ms. Brown will start work tomorrow

Second clause : Did you recommend for the job (incorrect)

It should be you recommended for the job

Adjective clause connector : whom

The correct sentence is Ms. Brown, who you recommended for the job, will start work tomorrow.

3. The lecture notes which lent me were not clearly written.(I)

Analysis:

First clause : The lecture notes were not clearly written

Second clause : lent me (incorrect)It should be I lent

Adjective clause connector : which

The correct sentence is the lecture notes which I lent were not clearly written

4. Sally has an appointment with the hairdresser whom you recommended. (C)

Analysis:

First clause : Sally has an appointment with the hairdresser

Second clause : you recommended

Adjective clause connector : whom


5. The phone number that you gave me.

Analysis:

First clause : The phone number (incorrect: no verb)

Second clause : you gave me

Adjective clause connector : that

The correct sentence is The phone number that you gave me was wrong

6. She is able to solve all the problems which did she cause.(I)

Analysis:

First clause : She is able to solve the problems

Second clause : did she cause (incorrect) It should be she caused

Adjective clause connector : which

The correct sentence : She is able to solve all the problems which she caused

7. The day that she spent on the beach left her sunburned. (C)

Analysis:

First clause : The day left her sunburned

Second clause : she spend on the beach

Adjective clause connector : that

8. Next week I am going to visit my cousins, whom have not seen in several years.(I)

Analysis:

First clause : Next week I am going to visit my cousins

Second clause : have not seen in several years (incorrect)It should be I have not seen in several

years
Adjective clause connector : whom

The correct sentence is Next week I am going to visit my cousins, whom i have not seen in

several years

9. Did you forget the promise whom you made? (C)

Analysis:

First clause : Did you forget the promise

second clause : you made

Adjective clause connector : whom

10. The teacher whom the students like the most is their history teacher. (C)

Analysis:

First clause : The teacher is their history teacher

Second clause : the students like the most

Adjective clause connector : whom

_______ is on the table has five chapters

A. in the book

B. because the book

C. the book

D. the book which

Opsi jawaban yang paling tepat untuk mengisi baris yang kosong pada contoh soal diatas adalah opsi
jawaban "the book which". Hal tersebut berdasar mengingat contoh soal diatas membutuhkan subject yang
harus diikuti dengan connector. The book merupakan subject dari has dan which merupakan connector yang
pada saat yang sama juga berfungsi sebagai subjectdari verb "is".
The job _____ started yesterday was rather difficult.
(A) when
(B) was
(C) after
(D) that he
Analisa:
– Ada dua clauses pada kalimat di atas.
– Clause pertama: Job sebagai subject dan was sebagai verb.
– Clause yang kedua: belum ada subjectnya sedangkan started sebagai verb.
– Karena ada dua clauses, juga di butuhkan Connector untuk memnghubungkan mereka.
– Jawaban terbaik adalah (D) that he karena he merupakan subject untuk kata kerja started dan connector that untuk
menghubungkan kedua clause tersebut.
Perhatikan soal di bawah ini. Masing masing kalimat memiliki lebih dari satu clause. Perharikan Subject dan verb dari
tiap-tiap clause dan juga connectornya. Check apakah kalimat di bawah ini benar atau salah.

The gift ____________ selected for the bride was rather expensive.
(A) because
(B) was
(C) since
(D) which we

Kalimat di atas mempunyai 2 klausa: gift merupakan subjek dan kata kerja was, dan kata
kerja ‘selected’ membutuhkan sebuah subjek. Karena ada dua 2 k!ausa maka dibutuhkan sebuah
connector. Jawaban (A) dan (C) terdapat connector, tapi tidak ada subjek. Jadi, bukan jawaban
tepat. Adapun jawaban (B) mengubah selected menjadi passsive. Jika memilih jawaban mi maka
subjek gift’ akan mempunyai dua subjek: was selected dan was. Jawaban mi tidak benar karena
terdapat dua verb, tapi tidak ada connector untuk menyambunçj keduanya. Dan segi makna sangat
jelas salahnya. Maka, jawaban yang benar adalah (D), which we. Which (konektor), we
(subjek). The gift which we selected for the bride was rather expensive. (Hadiah yang kita pilih
untuk pengantin perempuan agak mahal.)

1. The lady ….. lives across the street is my aunt.

 a. Whom
 b. Who
 c. Whose

No. Jawaban Penjelasan


1 B Subjek dari clause diatas adalah menggunakan who karena menggantikan sebuah subyek orang (I, you, we,
they, she, he, Budi (nama orang). Setelah kata who, selalu diikuti oleh verb (kata kerja), dan clause diatas
memberikan kita informasi yang lebih tentang “the lady”.

______ just dropped off a package for you is my sister.

(A) The woman


(B) The woman who
(C) Because the woman
(D) With the woman

Analisa:

 Kalimat di atas memiliki dua Verb; dropped dan is, tapi belum memiliki subject.
 Jawaban yang paling tepat adalah (B) The woman who. Woman merupakan subject untuk verb is
dan who merupakan subject untuk verb dropped. Who also function as connector yang
menghubungkan kedua klause/kalimat tsb.

Example

The job _____ started yesterday was rather difficult.


(A) when
(B) was
(C) after
(D) that he

In this example, you should notice quickly that there are two clauses: job is the subject of the verb was, and the verb
started needs a subject. Because there are two clauses, a connector is also needed. Answers (A) and (C) have
connectors, but there are no subjects, so these answers are not correct. Answer (B) changes started into a passive
verb; in this case the sentence would have one subject and two verbs, so answer (B) is not correct. The best answer
to this question is answer (D). The correct sentence should say: The job that he started yesterday was rather difficult.
In this sentence job is the subject of the verb was, he is the subject of the verb started, and the connector that joins
these two clauses.