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The (20)_______ The ______

of an object of an object
meaning the force of gravity exerted on the the amount of (21)________ it
object contains
is measured Kilograms (kg) or grams (g)
(22)________ (N)
occurrence Different in different celestial Same in all places
(23)______ (24)________
taste sour bitter
feel -- (25)_______ or slippery
pH smaller than 7 greater than 7
 (26)___________ acid  (27)________________
examples sulphuric acid  potassium hydroxide
nitric acid ammonia solution
hazards Either irritant or (28)___________

11. An acid-alkali (29)__________shows different colours in acids and alkalis and can be used
to distinguish acids from alkalis.

12. The extracts of some deeply coloured plants can be used to make (30)__________ acid-alkali
indicators as they show different colours in acids and alkalis.

(31)L__________ paper Red Blue
Colours in acids (31)_______ (32)________
Colours in alkalis (33)_______ (34)_________
Colours in (35)______ substances
Red blue
such as distilled water

14. Litmus can only be used to test whether a substance is acidic, (35)___________ or neutral.
15. (36)________________________ can show the (37)______________of acidity and alkalinity.
It is available in solution and paper form. Its paper form is called (38)pH _______.

16. The degree of acidity and alkalinity can be measured in terms of (39)pH_________
17. The scale for measuring acidity or alkalinity is called (40)__________ ranging from 0 to 14:

18. Dilute acids react with some metals to produce (41)___________ and heat. Acids also have

(42)_____________ effects on these metals.

19. Hydrogen burns in air with a (43)‘_______’ sound.

20. Some building materials such as marble and limestone contain (44)_________________,

which are corroded by acids and give off (45)_______________

21. Carbon dioxide turns (46)_______________ milky.

22. (47)____________ has a pH value lower than 5.6. It is mainly caused by the acidic

pollutant gases like (48)_______________ and (49)_________________,

which are released from traditional (50)_______________, factories and motor vehicles.

23. Acid rain can (51)___________ buildings and structures made of metals, marble and

It can damage plants by making plants unable to carry out (52)________________ and also
kill water life.

25. Living things can detect and respond to (55)___________ in their environment.

26. We have different (56)____________ to detect different stimuli, leading to various

Sense organ Stimuli Senses produced
(57)______ (58)______

(59)_______ Hearing

(60)__________ (61)____________

chemicals in food and

(62)_______ __________
things in contact with heat/cold, touch, pain
(63)________ our body and pressure

27. The (64)___________ focuses the light entering the eye from an object to form
a (65)sharp image on the retina.

28. The _______ controls the size of the (66)______and hence the amount of light
entering the eye:

Condition Bright light Dim light

Size of pupil (68)_________ (69)_________
Amount of light less More
entering the eye

29. There are two types of (70)__________ on the retina:

 (71)________ can detect colours but they only work well in bright light.
 (72)________ cannot detect colours but can work well in dim light.
30. Limitations of our eyes
We cannot see objects clearly when they are: suitable (73)_________ to overcome
too (74)______ --
too far away (75)telescope
too (76)small such as micro-organisms (77)microscope
31. Light from objects focused on the (78)_________ produces no sense of sight.
Eye defects (79)_________ (80)_________
Can see Near objects clearly Distant objects clearly
Cannot see (81)________ object clearly (82)________ object clearly
Causes The lens is too (83)_________. The lens is too thin.
The eyeball is too long. The eyeball is too (84)________.
Corrections Spectacles with (85)______lens Spectacles with convex lens

Eye defects (86)________ (87)___________

Problems Vision becomes cloudy Cannot distinguish between
certain colours
Causes Lens becomes too (88)_______. Defects in or the absence of
Corrections Replace the cloudy lens with an Cannot be cured
(90)__________ lens

Part B: Label the diagrams

1. Write down the correct name of the structure in the space provided.