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M36SERIES

Medium voltage metal enclosed metal segregated modular switchboard


36 kV / 1250 A / 16 kA
MEDIUMVOLTAGEMETALENCLOS
www.eae.com.tr
CONTENTS

Introduction 1

Characteristics / Advantages 3

Unit description 5

Typical units 7

Switchboard accessories 22

Equipment (Apparatus) 23

Installation 31

LV section 34
INTRODUCTION

Applications
M36 Series metal enclosed metal segregated switchboards are
designed for use in MV distribution systems. Thanks to their modular
structure and advanced technology M36 Series find wide area of
applications.

Main applications:
 MV distribution networks
 Industrial facilities
• Electricity generation
• Cement
• Automotive
• Metallurgy and etc.

Standards
All products are designed, manufactured and type tested according
to international standards. Relevant standards are:
IEC 62271-200 IEC 60694
IEC 62271-102 IEC 62271-105
IEC 60265-1 IEC 62271-100
IEC 60044-1 IEC 60044-2
IEC 60255 IEC 60376

1
General characteristics
Technical data
 Rated voltage 36kV
 Rated current 630 A, 1250 A
 Rated short circuit current 16 kA
 Rated power frequency withstand voltage 70 kV
 Rated lightning impulse withstand voltage 170 kV
 Internal arc withstand current 16 kA (1s)
 Loss of service continuity category acc. to IEC 62271-200 LSC2A
 Partition class PM
 Internal arc class AFL

System continuity
 Fully metal internal segregation
 Short circuit making capability of switch disconnector and
earthing switch
 Tested and approved design according to international standards
 Destructive effect of internal arc faults is limited in the faulty
cubicle; internal arc tests

Personnel (operator) and equipment safety


 Fully mechanical interlocks
 Voltage indication system
 Metal segregated cubicle structure
 Observable isolating distance (first in the world in 36kV range)
 3 position switch disconnector
 Arc-proof switch disconnector (first in the world in 36kV range)
 Arc-proof switchboards
 Short circuit making capability of switch disconnector and
earthing switch

Easy to install, operate and maintain


 Easy perceptible front panel
 Decreased unit sizes (smallest 36kV unit in the world)
 Wide observation windows
 Thanks to modular structure unit installation sequence can be
changed
 Installation compatible with other brand units

Special solutions for utilities


 Observation of voltage transformer fuses
 Observation of main busbar in measurement cubicle (Patented)
 Thanks to modular structure the cubicle settlement (positioning)
sequence can be changed, spare/back-up easiness (convenient)
 Live line interlock - reverse feeding interlock (refer to page 7)
 Installation compatible with other brand cubicles

2
CHARACTERISTICSADVANTAGES

Metal segregated switchboard structure


Stainless steel housing of switch disconnector provides earthed
metallic segregation between main busbar section and incoming/
Main busbar section
outgoing section. This characteristics ensures maximum personnel
safety during any intervention in the feeder compartment, such
as replacement of one or more fuses or cable maintenance, even
with the main busbars energised.
Furthermore, metal segregation cancels any possibility of surface
leakage currents, which is the case when non-metallic segregation
is used. provided by the housing considerably reduces the possibility Metal segregation
of a shortcircuit between the upper and lower contacts of the
same phase due to leakage currents. Isolating
section

In M36 Series switchboards, high voltage current path is separated


into 3 sections. They are as follows:

Main busbar section: section of main busbars, which in general


is energized.

Isolating section: section dividing main busbar section and


incoming/outgoing section, where switch disconnector is installed.

Incoming/outgoing section: depending on unit type this section


contains circuit breaker, current and voltage transformers, earthing Incoming/outgoing section
switch, MV fuses, voltage divider insulators and cable connection
flags, etc.

According to IEC 62271-200


Loss of service continuity category: LSC2A
Partition class: PM

Observable isolating distance


Contact positions of the switch disconnectors (closed, open,
earthed) can be easily seen by observation window in front of
switch disconnector. The strength of this window has been proven
during internal arc test inside the switch disconnector.

Internal arc tested switch disconnector


Switch disconnector having stainless steel housing has been tested
acording to internal arc test prosedure for 16 kA, 1s and passed
the test. Thanks to these tests, personnel safety is ensured in case
of internal arc faults that may occur within switch disconnector.

3
Easy to perceive front panel
In M36 Series front panel is simplified in order to assure the
personnel to perceive the switchboards status and make operations
easily.

Fully mechanical interlock


Interlocks that exist between unit door and circuit breaker, switch
disconnector, earthing switch are completely mechanical.

Switch disconnector instead of disconnector


Open position Closed position Earthed position
In M36 Series switchboards E3 class three position switch
disconnector with short circuit making capability of 5 times is
used instead of ordinary switch disconector. By means of this,
hazards that may occur due to wrong operation of personnel
are hindered from the beginning.

Three position switch disconnector


Switch disconnectors that are used in cubicles are three position
(closed, open, earthed) type and so, wrong operation of the
personnel is hindered. Using single exciting shaft possibility of
switch disconnector to be simultaneously in both earthed and
load positions is removed.

AGO YGC Reduced unit dimensions


Width of incoming/outgoing unit with switch disconnector and
current and voltage measurement units are reduced. YGC cubicle
is 60 cm and AGO is 100 cm wide. While reducing the dimensions
all standards are strictly followed and necessary tests and especially
dielectric tests are applied.

A B C C A B C B A Sequence interchangeability
Modular structure of M36 Series switchboards allows easy
interchangeability of unit sequence.

Easy plant earthing


In order to provide continuity of earthing circuits, cubicle earthing
bar connection can easily be done from the front side.

4
UNITDESCRIPTIONS

Unit descriptions Incoming / outgoing / transformer protection units

M36 Series metal enclosed metal segregated modular cubicles KGC YGC YST
are completely designed and developed by EAE and can be used
in distribution plants up to 36 kV. Depending on application there
are many types of cubicles; most common types are explained
below:

Typical units INCOMING OUTGOING


UNIT WITH CB
INCOMING OUTGOING
UNIT WITH SD
TRANSFORMER PROTECTION
UNIT WITH SD

Type Description
YGC Incoming outgoing unit with SD
outgoing units

Measurement units
Incoming

KGC Incoming outgoing unit with CB


YST Transformer protection unit with SD and fuse AGO AOH GOH
KBH Cable connection unit
KBT Cable connection unit (with earthing switch)
AGO Current and voltage measurement unit
Measu-
rement
units

AOH Current measurement unit


GOH Voltage measurement unit
KBY Bus rise unit with CB
Coupler riser

CURRENT AND VOLTAGE CURRENT MEASUREMENT VOLTAGE MEASUREMENT


KBA Bus rise and current measurement unit with CB MEASUREMENT UNIT UNIT UNIT
units

YBY Bus rise cubicle with SD


YBA Bus rise and current measurement unit with SD
KUP Coupling Unit
Coupler / riser units
SD=switch disconnector, CB=circuit breaker
For units not mentioned above, please contact EAE. KBY KBA YBY

Application examples
Metal enclosed modular cubicles find application in many different
fields of distribution plants. Thanks to reduction of unit dimensions
necessary foot-print area in existing plants is reduced as well. BUS RISE UNIT
WITH CB
BUS RISE AND CURRENT
MEASUREMENT UNIT WITH CB
BUS RISE CUBICLE
WITH SD
In this respect M36 Series switchboards have wide application
area for renewal projects.

Single Line Diagram Installation Plan

YGC AGO KGC KBT YST

Transformer room

LV room
Spare

CBM

CCE
CBF
SDF

SFF

Utility MV room Client MV room

5
Interlocks
KBT KBH All interlocks In M36 Series switchboards are mechanical. Interlocks
that exist between cubicle door and circuit breaker, switch
disconnector, earthing switch are carried out by means of sliding
bars without using key-lock system. Logic of interlocks are given
in below table.

CALE CONNECTION UNIT CABLE CONNECTION


(WITH EARTHING SWITCH) UNIT On interlock sliding bars provisions for path locks are provided.
Furthermore, in cubicles having cable entry, in order to prevent
closing of the earthing switch while cable is energized, an interlock
named “live line interlock” can be used, upon request.

In KGC type units while door is opened and load break switch
is earthed, the earthing switch can be brought into open position.
Thus, cable testing is performed very easily and securely.

Operation Interlocks
Equipment Operation Unit Door SD CB (1)

Open -- Earthed Open


Unit door and and
Closed -- Earthed Open

Open Closed -- Open


SD (2) Closed Closed and -- and Open
YBA KUP
Earthed (2) Closed -- Open

Open -- -- --
CB
Closed -- -- --

(1)
In all cases operation on CB is allowed
(2)
BUS RISE AND CURRENT COUPLING UNIT Switch disconnector is 3 position (open, closed, earthed)
MEASUREMENT UNIT WITH SD

6
TYPICALUNITS

KGC INCOMING OUTGOING UNIT WITH CB

1 10 11 15

KGC
16

8 5

7
6

3
12
9
2 4

17
INCOMING OUTGOING
UNIT WITH CB 14
13

18

Standard equipment
1 SF6 switch disconnector 7 Contact observation window 13 Anti-condensation heater
2 Circuit breaker 8 LV compartment 14 Internal earthing busbar
3 Current transformer 9 Observation window for lower part of the cubicle 15 Gas exhaust
4 Earthing switch 10 Main busbar 16 Control cable duct
5 Overcurrent relay 11 Field diffusers of main busbar 17 Cubicle front door
6 Switch disconnector mechanism 12 Field diffusers 18 Earthing bar

Optional equipment
 Motorized switch disconnector  Additional auxiliary contacts  Live line interlock

Wide internal space


Although cubical width has been reduced the design allows
ample space for cable connection or similar works.

Live line interlock


In cubicles containing cable connection and earthing switch,
special type of voltage indicator can be used.
When incoming cable is energized an auxiliary contact on this
voltage indicator is exciting an interlock coil, which prevents
closing of the earthing switch.

7
KGC
Easy to perceive front panel and interlocks
Cubicle front panel is simplified for easy perception, so operating
staff following the simplified instructions will be able to run start-
up and switching operations easily.
While start-up and switching operations are being performed,
interlocks among equipment are fully mechanical, fail-proof and
easy to understand. Here sliding interlocks are used instead of
key-lock mechanisms.

Field diffuser
In M36 Series cubicles field diffusers varying in size and structure
are used, which designs are proved by dielectric strength type
tests. Thanks to these metal diffusers, along with reducing the
cubicle size, possibilities of faults like partial discharge and surface
leakage

Protection with ring type (toroidal) current transformer


Digital protection relays with comparably low power consumption
provide sensitive adjustment (fault sensing). Along with these
relays use of toroidal transformers, which are not exposed to
direct effect of short circuit, minimizes possibilities of faults caused
by insulating material fatigue.

Dimensions 1600 Front panel


350 350 350
2250

1900

Cubicle width 1000 mm

1000 1400

8
TYPICALUNITS

YGC INCOMING OUTGOING UNIT WITH SD

1 9 10

YGC 15

17
5

16
4
3

6 11

17
2

7 14
INCOMING OUTGOING 12
UNIT WITH SD
13

Standard equipment
1 SF6 switch disconnector 7 Cubicle front door 13 Anti-condensation heater
2 Capacitive voltage divider insulator 8 Earthing bar 14 Internal earthing busbar
3 Switch disconnector mechanism 9 Main busbars 15 Control cable duct
4 Contact observation window 10 Field diffusers of main busbar 16 Gas exhaust duct
5 LV compartment 11 Field diffusers 17 Gas exhaust flap
6 Observation window for lower part of the cubicle 12 Non-magnetic clamp

Optional equipment
 Motorized switch disconnector  Additional auxiliary contacts  Live line interlock

Dimensions 1600 Front panel


350 350 350
2250

1900

Cubicle width 600 mm

600 1400

9
YST TRANSFORMER PROTECTION UNIT WITH FUSE AND SD

1 9 10

YST
15
18

17
5
4 12

11
8
18
2

7 3

TRANSFORMER PROTECTION 14
UNIT WITH FUSE AND SD
13

16

Standard equipment
1 SF6 switch disconnector 7 Cubicle front door 13 Anti-condensation heater
2 MV fuse 8 Observation window for lower part of the cubicle 14 Internal earthing busbar
3 Earthing switch 9 Main busbar 15 Control cable duct
4 Switch disconnector mechanism 10 Field diffusers of main busbar 16 Earthing bar
5 Contact observation window 11 Field diffusers 17 Gas exhaust duct
6 LV compartment 12 Fuse tripping mechanism 18 Gas exhaust flap

Optional equipment:
 Motorized switch disconnector  Additional auxiliary contacts  Live line interlock

Dimensions 1600 Front panel


350 350 350
2250

1900

Cubicle width 750 mm

750 1400

10
TYPICALUNITS

KBT CABLE CONNECTION UNIT (WITH EARTHING SWITCH)

1 3 4

KBT 12
14

6
5

14
8

2
9
CABLE CONNECTION UNIT
(WITH EARTHING SWITCH) 13

11
10

Standard equipment
1 Post insulator 7 LV compartment 13 Internal earthing busbar
2 Earthing switch 8 Observation window for lower part of the cubicle 14 Gas exhaust flap
3 Main busbar 9 Cubicle front door
4 Field diffusers of main busbar 10 Earthing bar
5 Field diffusers 11 Anti-condensation heater
6 Cubicle front panel 12 Control cable duct

Optional equipment:
 Live line interlock

Dimensions 1600 Front panel


350 350 350
2250

1900

Cubicle width 750 mm

750 1400

11
KBH CABLE CONNECTION UNIT

3 2 1

KBH 11

13
7

8 9

2
13
5
CABLE CONNECTION 12
UNIT
4

10

Standard equipment
1 Voltage divider insulator 7 LV compartment 13 Gas exhaust flap
2 Main busbar 8 Observation window for lower part of the cubicle
3 Field diffusers for main busbar 9 Non-magnetic clamp
4 Anti-condensation heater 10 Earthing bar
5 Cubicle front door 11 Control cable duct
6 Cubicle front panel 12 Internal earthing busbar

Dimensions 1600 Front panel


350 350 350
2250

1908.5

Cubicle width 600 mm

600 1400

12
TYPICALUNITS

AGO
1 10 11 15 5

AGO 16

17
8

7
6

12
9

4
2

CURRENT AND VOLTAGE 13


MEASUREMENT UNIT
3
14

18

Standard equipment
1 SF6 switch disconnector 7 Contact observation window 13 Internal earthing busbar
2 Measurement current transformer 8 LV compartment 14 Anti-condensation heater
3 Voltage transformer 9 Observation window for lower part of the cubicle 15 Gas exhaust
4 MV fuse 10 Main busbar 16 Control cable duct
5 Post insulators 11 Field diffusers of main busbar 17 Main busbar observation window
6 Switch disconnector mechanism 12 Field diffusers 18 Earthing bar

Optional equipment:
 Motorized switch disconnector  Additional auxiliary contacts

Wide observation window


In M36-CVM type cubicles, easy observation of instrument
transformers inside the cubicle is assured by means of wide
observation window, which strength is proved by internal arc
tests. Furthermore, main busbar section is also made observable
by means of window against possible phase short circuits performed
on the busbar section.

Sealing system
Current and voltage measurement cubicles are designed suitable
for a sealing operation by the distribution utility. Accordingly,
ability of LV compartment and cubicle front door to be sealed
is provided.

13
AGO
Wide internal space
Width of current and voltage measurement cubicles is reduced
to 1000mm by means of field diffuser technology without using
insulating material. In spite of reduced cubicle size, equipment
are settled effectively within the cubicle, in order to ease fuse
changing works.

Easy perceive front panel and interlocks


Cubicle front panel is simplified in order to ease perception.
Operating personnel following simplified instructions can easily
start-up and operate.
Interlocks are fully mechanical and easy understandable.

Dimensions 1600 Front panel


350 350 350
2250

1900

Cubicle width1000 mm

1000 1400

14
TYPICALUNITS

AOH CURRENT MEASUREMENT UNIT

2 3

AOH
11

6 12

7 9
12

4 1
CURRENT MEASUREMENT
UNIT

10
8

Standard equipment
1 Current transformer 7 Observation window for lower part of the cubicle
2 Support insulator 8 Earthing bar
3 Main busbar 9 Internal earthing busbar
4 Cubicle front door 10 Anti-condensation heater
5 Cubicle front panel 11 Control cable duct
6 LV compartment 12 Gas exhaust flap

Dimensions 1600 Front panel


350 350 350
2250

1900

Cubicle width 750 mm

750 1400

15
GOH VOLTAGE MEASUREMENT UNIT

1 9 10

GOH 12

18

14
6
5
3

8 11

16
18
VOLTAGE MEASUREMENT
UNIT
2
15
13
17

Standard equipment
1 SF6 switch disconnector 7 LV compartment 13 Internal earthing busbar
2 Voltage transformer 8 Observation window for lower part of the cubicle 14 Gas exhaust duct
3 Support insulator 9 Main busbar 15 Anti-condensation heater
4 MV fuse 10 Field diffusers of main busbar 16 Cubicle front door
5 Switch disconnector mechanism 11 Field diffusers 17 Earthing bar
6 Contact observation window 12 Control cable duct 18 Gas exhaust flap

Optional equipment:
 Motorized switch disconnector  Additional auxiliary contacts

Dimensions 1600 Front panel


350 350 350
2250

1900

Cubicle width 1000 mm

1000 1400

16
TYPICALUNITS

KBY BUS RISE UNIT WITH CB

1 10 11 15

KBY
16

5
8

7
6

4
12
9
2 17

3
BUS RISE UNIT
WITH CB 14
13

18

Standard equipment
1 SF6 switch disconnector 7 Contact observation window 13 Anti-condensation heater
2 Circuit breaker 8 LV compartment 14 Internal earthing busbar
3 Current transformer 9 Observation window for lower part of the cubicle 15 Gas exhaust
4 Voltage divider insulator 10 Main busbar 16 Control cable duct
5 Post insulator 11 Field diffusers of main busbar 17 Cubicle front door
6 Switch disconnector mechanism 12 Field diffusers 18 Earthing bar

Optional equipment:
 Motorized switch disconnector  Additional auxiliary contacts  Live line interlock

Dimensions 1600 Front panel


350 350 350
2250

1900

Cubicle width 1200 mm

1200 1400

17
KBA BUS RISE MEASUREMENT UNIT WITH CB

1 10 11 15

KBA
16

5
8

7
6

4
12
9
2 17

3
BUS RISE MEASUREMENT
UNIT WITH CB 14
13

18

Standard equipment
1 SF6 switch disconnector 7 Contact observation window 13 Anti-condensation heater
2 Circuit breaker 8 LV compartment 14 Internal earthing busbar
3 Current transformer 9 Observation window for lower part of the cubicle 15 Gas exhaust
4 Voltage divider insulator 10 Main busbar 16 Control cable duct
5 Post insulator 11 Field diffusers of main busbar 17 Cubicle front door
6 Switch disconnector mechanism 12 Field diffusers 18 Earthing bar

Optional equipment:
 Motorized switch disconnector  Additional auxiliary contacts  Live line interlock

Dimensions 1600 Front panel


350 350 350
2250

1900

Cubicle width 1200 mm

1200 1400

18
TYPICALUNITS

YBY BUS RISE UNIT WITH SWITCH DISCONNECTOR

1 10 11

YBY 14

16

6 2

15

5
4

16
7 12

8
BUS RISE UNIT WITH 13
SWITCH DISCONNECTOR

Standard equipment
1 SF6 switch disconnector 7 Observation window for lower part of the cubicle 13 Internal earthing busbar
2 Post insulator 8 Cubicle front door 14 Control cable duct
3 Voltage divider insulator 9 Earthing bar 15 Gas exhaust duct
4 Switch disconnector mechanism 10 Main busbar 16 Gas exhaust flap
5 Contact observation window 11 Field diffusers of main busbar
6 LV compartment 12 Field diffusers

Optional equipment:
 Motorized switch disconnector  Additional auxiliary contacts  Live line interlock

Dimensions 1600 Front panel


350 350 350
2250

1900

Cubicle width 1000 mm

1000 1400

19
YBA BUS RISE MEASUREMENT UNIT WITH SD

1 11 12

YBA 15
17

3
7
16

6
5

17
8 13

2
4
9
BUS RISE MEASUREMENT 14
UNIT WITH SD

10

Standard equipment
1 SF6 switch disconnector 7 LV compartment 13 Field diffusers
2 Current transformer 8 Observation window for lower part of the cubicle 14 Internal earthing busbar
3 Post insulator 9 Cubicle front door 15 Cable transition section between
4 Voltage divider insulator 10 Earthing transitions between cubicles cubicles
5 Switch disconnector mechanism 11 Main busbar 16 Gas exhaust duct
6 Contact observation window 12 Field diffusers of main busbar 17 Gas exhaust flap

Optional equipment:
 Motorized switch disconnector  Additional auxiliary contacts  Live line interlock

Dimensions 1600 Front panel


350 350 350
2250

1900

Cubicle width 1000 mm

1000 1400

20
TYPICALUNITS

KUP COUPLING UNIT

1 9 10 14 18 1

KUP
15

4
7

6
5

11 8

2 16

18 3
COUPLING UNIT 13
12
17

Standard equipment
1 SF6 switch disconnector 7 LV compartment 13 Internal earthing busbar
2 Circuit breaker 8 Observation window for lower part of the cubicle 14 Gas exhaust duct
3 Current transformer 9 Main busbar 15 Control cable duct
4 Overcurrent relay 10 Field diffusers of main busbar 16 Cubicle front door
5 Switch disconnector mechanism 11 Field diffusers 17 Earthing bar
6 Contact observation window 12 Anti-condensation heater 18 Gas exhaust flap

Optional equipment:
 Motorized switch disconnector  Additional auxiliary contacts

Dimensions 1600 Front panel


350 350 350
2250

1900

Cubicle width 1200 mm

1200 1400

21
SWITCHBOARDACCESSORIES

Special accessories for utilities


In order to carry out the conditions specified by utilities
considering technical requirements different solutions are
offered. Some of them are:
 Dividing plates for measurement units

 Wall transition module

Ending plate set


In order to cover side walls of cubicle groups one ending set
per group shall be used. Ending set contains:
 2 pieces ending sheets and mounting accessories

 2 pieces rear wall sheets and mounting accessories

 1 piece side cable duct and mounting accessories (optional)

Adaptation set
In order to use M36 Series cubicles along with different brand
cubicles earlier installed at site, adaptation set shall be used.

22
EQUIPMENTDESCRIPTION

SF6 Circuit breaker

 Autopuffer breaking technique

 Electric arc extinction without chopped current

 No restriking after breaking

 Rapid recovery of the dielectric properties of the means of


extinction

 Withstand insulation voltage even at zero relative pressure

 Breaking up to 30% of the rated breaking capacity even at zero


relative pressure

 Sealed-for-life poles

 Test for checking gas tightness carried out three times on each
piece of apparatus

 Compact dimensions

 Fixed and withdrawable version

 Stored energy operating mechanism with anti-pumping device


General information as standard common to the whole circuit-breaker series
HD4 medium voltage circuit-breakers use sulphur hexafluoride
 Mechanical safety locks against incorrect operations
gas (SF6) to extinguish the electric arc and as the insulating
medium.  Maintenance-free
Breaking in SF6 gas takes place without any arc chopping and
without generation of overvoltages.  SF6 gas pressure control device (on request).
These characteristics ensure long electrical life of the circuit-
 ABB experience: 72000 CB’s/year, 15000 of HD4 type
breaker and limited dynamic, dielectric and thermal stresses on
the installation.
The circuit-breaker poles, which make up the breaking part, are
systems with lifelong sealed pressure (IEC 62271-100 and CEI Breaking technique
17-1 Standards) and are maintenance-free. HD4 Series circuit breakers developed by ABB are fitted
The ESH type mechanical operating mechanism, with stored with ‘‘autopuffer’’ type arc quenching mechanism.
energy has free release and allows opening and closing operations this mechanism is designed merging superior characteristics
independently of the operator's actions. of ‘‘self-blast’’ and ‘‘puffer’’ type arc quenching mechanisms.
The operating mechanism and the poles are fixed to the metal
structure which also acts as a support for the kinetics for operating “Puffer” type arc quenching mechanism
the moving contacts. In such type mechanisms the SF6 inside the thank is compressed
by circuit breaker excitation mechanism and is blowed onto arc.
 Spring charging mechanism and protection circuit
after the arc is quenched restriking of the arc between to
 Mechanic anti pumping mechanism
contacts is prevented.
 Castor set
Advantages:

23
1

7 3

6 4

Circuit breaker Main contact Arcing contact Circuit breaker


5 closed separation separation open
Main contact separation
1 No electric arc strikes as the current flows through the arcing contacts.
During its run downwards, the moving part compresses the gas contained in the lower chamber.
The compressed gas flows out of the lower chamber into the upper chamber, taking them both to
the same pressure.
8
Arcing contact separation
The current flows thanks to the electric arc which has struck between the arcing contacts.
The gas cannot get out through the nozzle because the hole is still closed by the fixed arcing
contact and cannot get out through the inside of the moving arcing contact either because the
electric arc closes this (clogging effect).
 With low currents, when the current passes through natural zero and the arc is quenched,

the gas flows through the contacts. The low pressure reached cannot chop the current and the
modest amount of compressed gas is sufficient to restore dielectric resistance between the
two contacts, preventing restriking on the rising front of the return voltage.
 With high short-circuit currents, the pressure wave generated by the electric arc closes the
9
valve between the two chambers so that the circuit-breaker starts to operate as a “pure selfblast”.
2
The pressure increases in the upper volume thanks to heating of the gas and molecular
disassociation due to the high temperature. The increase in pressure generated is proportional
to the arc current and ensures quenching on first passage through current zero.
1 Terminal 6 Fixed arcing contact
Circuit-breaker open
2 Insulating case 7 Fixed contact The arc has been interrupted, the self-generated pressure in the upper volume is reduced because
3 Blasting nozzle 8 Insulating tie-rod the gas is flowing through the contacts. The valve re-opens and so a new flow of fresh gas
4 Moving arcing contact 9 Anti-explosion valve comes into the breaking chamber. The apparatus is therefore immediately ready to close and trip
5 Moving contact again up to its maximum breaking capacity.

 Simple design after the arc is being quenched fresh gas necessary to prevent
 ’’Fast recovery’’ of dielectric properties between contacts restriking of the arc is provided by pressure gained by arc energy.
during and after arc quenching This is used especially in low capacitive current to prevent
 Thanks to ‘‘fast recovery’’ safe ‘‘reclosing’’ restriking of the arc after it is being quenched.
Advantages:
“Self-Blast”type arc quenching mechanism  Electric arc extinction without chopped current in low current

In such type mechanisms the SF6 inside the thank is compressed levels, soft switching
by circuit breaker excitation mechanism and is heated by the  Low excitation energy

arc occured during isolation of contacts and then blowed onto  High mechanical and electrical life time

arc. Arc energy is used as excitation energy for self queching


of arc. In this manner less excitation energy is required.

24
EQUIPMENTDESCRIPTION

SF6 insulated switch disconnector


General Characteristics 10 9 5 1 3 4

TOI type switch disconnectors used in M36 Series metal enclosed


switchboards are designed according to international standards
and type tested in internationally accredited laboratories. Main
features are:
 Stainless steel housing

 Making and breaking capacity up to nominal current

 Short circuit making capacity

 Sealed pressure

 Gas exhaust valve

 Switch-fuse combination

 Remote control

Electrical characteristics
 Rated voltage 36kV
11
 Rated current 630A
 Rated short circuit current 16kA 6
 Power frequency withstand voltage 70kV 7
 Lightning impulse withstand voltage 170kV
8
 Internal Arc 16kA (1s.)
 Electrical Class E3
 Mechanical Class M1
2
Internal arc tested switch disconnectors 12
Switch disconnectors having stainless steel housing are tested in
international laboratories to approve safety against internal arc
16kA 1s. Internal arc inside the switch disconnector can be
3 1 4 11 10 5 9
forwarded through the gas exhaust valve at back of switch
disconnector. Thus, personnel safety is ensured.

Observable isolating distance


Contact positions of the switch disconnectors (closed, open,
earthed) can be easily seen by observation window in front of
switch disconnector.

Operating using single excitation shaft


In TOI type switch disconnector single excitation shaft is used
and there are two slots for earth and load operations respectively.
2 7 6
Action on both slots simultaneously is prevented by means of a
sliding bar. In this manner wrong operation is prevented.

1 Top insulator 7 Earth contact


Stainless steel housing 2 Bottom insulator 8 Observation window
Stainless steel housing provides arthed metallic segregation 3 Stainless steel housing 9 Main shaft
between busbar section and feeder section. This characteristic 4 Operating mechanism 10 Arc quenching system
ensures maximum personnel safety during any intervention in 5 Upper fixed contact 11 Gas exhaust valve
the feeder compartment, such as replacement of one or more 6 Moving contact 12 Motor (optional)
fuses or cable maintenance, even with the main busbars energized.

25
Arc quenching (extinguishing) principle
It is a well known characteristic of the arc that it attempts to wander
away from its point of origin. This physical phenomenon causes
increase of arc length and voltage drop on it. In order to restrict the
arc space and to prevent arc flashovers barriers are placed in the
switching gap to split the arc in serial parts.
The base or root of every arc experiences a voltage drop, which
Ub – Arc Voltage
appear as cathode or anode drop. By splitting arc in multiple parts
every anode and cathode voltage drop of each arc parts adds on
each other and increases total voltage drop. At the instant of current
zero arc is extinguished and can not restrike because of high arc
voltage. This quenching method by using “deionization plates” are
currently in common use.

High tightness
Inside switch disconnectors SF6 gas is used for arc quenching and
insulation. Routine tightness tests performed on every switch
disconnector assure existance of proper gas density at least
for a time period of 20 years.

Position indicator
Contact observation window
Open, closed and earthed positions of the switch disconnector
are shown by position indicator connected to the main shaft.
In a similar manner, auxiliary contacts are also connected to
and switched from the main shaft. This ensures reliability of
indicators.
Closed position
Three position safe switching
TOI type switch disconnectors are three positioned (open,
closed, earthed) and simultaneous operation of closed and
earthed positions is prevented by means of only one excitation
shaft.

Open position
Easy operation
Front panel is simple and easy to understand and operations
can be performed easily.

Interlocks
Although the switch disconnector contain one shaft, there
are two slots for excitation of earthing and load switching:
- Simultaneous operation on both slots is prevented by means
Earthed position of a sliding bar.
- The bar can not be shifted into other position unless switch
disconnector is not in open position. In such a way, direct
switching from closed to earthed position is prevented and
vice versa.

26
EQUIPMENTDESCRIPTION

Operating mechanisms
There are two type of mechanisms used for operating TOI type
switch disconnectors in M36 Series metal enclosed switchboards.

M1 type mechanism
This type of mechanism called “Snap-action mechanism”, also
referred to as toggle-spring mechanism. With this type of operating
mechanism, a spring is tensioned and released shortly before the
operating angle is completed and its released force actuates main
contact system. This is used for both closing and opening.

M2 type mechanism
This type of mechanism which is called “Stored-energy mechanism”
has one spring for closing and a second spring for opening.
During the closing operation, the opening spring is simultaneously
tensioned and latched. The stored energy for the operating
operation is released by magnetic trips or the striker pin of the
HV fuse.

Motor excitation mechanism


Switch disconnector mechanisms can be fitted with motor
mechanisms for both earthed and load positons upon request.
- Motors used in M1 and M2 mechanisms are feeded from
present auxiliary DC supply. Start and stop switches are selected
so as to provide switching of high DC currents of motors.
- In case of possible fault that may occur in switches, position
shifting etc. Burning out of the motor is prevented.
Remote control of motor excitation is prevented while manual
operations are performed on the mechanism.
This operation is provided mechanicaly by means of putting
lever into the slot and putting the motor excitation
mechanism out of use.

27
Earthing switch
General characteristics
TAY-16 type earthing switch used in M36 Series switchboard are
designed according to international standards and tested in
internationaly accredited laboratories. Earthing switch has 5 times
making capacity.
Main characteristics of TAY-16 type earthing switch are as
follows :

 Short circuit making capacity


 Simultaneous operation with switch disconnector
 Independent manual control
 Easy cable connection
 Maintenance free structure
 Voltage indicating system

Electrical characteristics
 Rated voltage 36 kV
 Rated short circuit current 16 kA
 Power frequency withstand voltage 70 kV
 Lightning impulse withstand voltage 170 kV
 Electrical class: B+E2

1 Moving contact
2 Fixed contact
3 Capacitive voltage divider insulator
4 Operating mechanism
5 Earthing busbar
6 Main moving shaft

28
EQUIPMENTDESCRIPTION

Over current protection relays


In medium voltage distribution systems, overcurrent relays are
used throughout the power system to detect intolerable or
unwanted conditions within an assigned area. They are, in effect,
a form of active insurance designed to maintain a high degree
of service contiunity and limit equipment damage. They meet
IEC 60255-1 Standard and also TEDAS MYD/096.27 technical
specification and have following properties.

 Sensitive protection against the phase and earth faults


 Time delayed and instantaneous overcurrent protection functions
 Selectable definite time and inverse time characteristics
conforming to IEC and ANSI standards
 Trip circuit supervision
 Autoreclose function
 Cold load pick-up capability
 Alarm for internal failure
 Programmable digital inputs and outputs, trip, alarm, time relays
 RS-232 port (or an optical port) on the front side for servicing
 Communicate on the RS-485 port using IEC 60870-5-103
protocol
 Fault recording capability of last 20 faults with 1 msec time tag
 Non-volatile memory for program arrangement and settings
 Fault current counter for circuit breaker maintenance

Instrument transformers
Current and voltage transformers are resin-insulated and suitable
for feeding of measuring instruments and protections. Instrument
transformers comply with IEC 60044-1 and 60044-2 Standards.
For protection function toroidal current transformer are also used
in M36 Series metal enclosed switchboards. Their performances
and precision class comply with the apparatus requirements.

29
Medium voltage fuses
Medium voltage fuses are used to protect the voltage
Rated Voltage
transformer in SFF type (transformer protection cubicles with Transformer
30/36 kV
rating
fuse and switch disconnector) and voltage measurement Transformer rated current MV Fuse current
(kVA)
cubicles. (A) Min. Max.
In case of single phase failures in order to provide three 400 7.7 16 25
phase disconnecting use of fuses with “striker pin” is 500 9.6 25 31.5
630 12.1 31.5 40
mandatory.
800 15.4 40 50
Electrical and dimensional standards that the fuses conform
1000 19.2 40 50
to are IEC 60282-1 and DIN 43-625. Selection table for fuses 1250 24 50 63
is given at right-hand side. 1600 30.7 63 80
Rated current of fuses given in that table can change 2000 38.5 2x50
depending on manufacturer or application. For correct
selection of fuse ratings please contact EAE.

Voltage indicating system


In M36 Series modular switchboards voltage indicating system
connected to voltage divider insulators are used to check the
presence of operating voltage. This voltage indicating system
conforms to IEC 61243-5 standard. According to this standard
if phase to earth voltage in three phase systems:
- is smaller than 10% of the nominal operating voltage,
then indicator should not be lighted on
- Is between 10% - 45% of the nominal operating voltage,
then indicator should blink
- is between 45% - 120% of the nominal operating
voltage, then indicator should be lighted on 10% Un 45% Un 120% Un

No Voltage present Voltage present


indication (blinking) (continuous light)

30
OPERATING INSTALLATION

Cubicle installation

600 mm

min. 2850 mm
m
100 m

10
0m
m

mm
mm 1000
500
min. 3
720 mm
max.

Cable ducts
Removable covers on the upper part of M36 Series switchboards
are designed in order to ease cable transitions between cubicles.
This covers can not be removed without opening of low voltage
section door, which is lockable. Also, cables can be taken down
to the floor level by means of cable duct, which can br provided
optionally.

Cable connection bolt


In order to ease cable connections, specially designed M12
bolts are “nailed” into the terminal copper.

31
Floor preparation

Cubicle Width Anchoring Distance


Cubicle Type
(a) (mm) (b) (mm)
YGC/KBH 600 503
YST/KBT/AOH 750 653
KGC/AGO/GOH/YBY/YBA 1000 903
KBY/KBA/KUP 1200 1103

Cable cross section Bending radius of Trench depth


(mm2) cables (mm) (D) (mm)
1x35 mm2 525 550
1x50 mm2 555 580
1x70 mm2 585 610
1x95 mm2 600 620
1x120 mm2 620 650
1x150 mm2 630 665
1x170 mm2 650 680
1x240 mm2 690 720

32
LVSECTION

KGC Protection scheme

33
NOTES

34
NOTES

35
EAE Elektroteknik A.fi. reserves rights to make changes within this document without prior notice.
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