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b) Show that location of the centroid of mass of the solid hemi-sphere lies on the axis of symmetry,

c̅ = 3r/8

The hatched element lies at moment arm C from AA.


2
 Volume of hemi-sphere = 3
𝜋𝑟 2
 Volume of the shaded element = 𝜋𝑅 2 𝛿𝑦

Density of the hemi-sphere are the same throughout the solid shape.
 Formula for Density = Mass / Volume

Compare density of hatched element and whole hemi-sphere to derive the element mass (dm),
𝑑𝑚 𝑀
 Density = 𝑉𝑜𝑙𝑢𝑚𝑒 𝑜𝑓 𝑠ℎ𝑎𝑑𝑒𝑑 𝑒𝑙𝑒𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑡
= 𝑉𝑜𝑙𝑢𝑚𝑒 𝑜𝑓 ℎ𝑒𝑚𝑖−𝑠𝑝ℎ𝑒𝑟𝑒
𝑑𝑚 𝑀
= 2
𝜋 𝑅2 𝑑𝑐 𝜋 𝑟2
3

3𝑀 𝜋 𝑅2
dm = 2 𝜋 𝑟3
ɗc

Considering the solid hemi-sphere is balanced, we can locate the Centre of Gravity (G) of the
shape where all of the mass is concentrated at using the formula as below:
 Centre of Gravity,
Mc̅ = ʃvolume c dm

Substitute dm into equation of CoG above,


1
 c̅ = M
ʃ
VOLUME ( c*dm )
1 r 3𝑀 𝜋 𝑅2
= ∫
M 0
(c∗ ( 2 𝜋 𝑟3
ɗc ) )

We can substitute R using trigonometry equations,


 R2 = r2 - c2
So,
1 r 3𝑀 𝜋 𝑅2
 c̅ = ∫
M 0
(c∗ ( 2 𝜋 𝑟3
ɗc ) )
1 r 3𝑀 𝜋 (𝑟 2 −𝑐 2 )
= ∫
M 0
(c∗ ( 2 𝜋 𝑟3
ɗc ) )
3 r
= ∫
2 r2 0
( cr 2 − c 3 ) ɗc
3 c2 c4
= 2 r2
[ r2( 2
) - 4
]
3 r4 r4
= 2 r3
( 2
- 4
)
3r
= 8

c) Moment of inertia of the hemi-sphere about an axis through the mass centre and perpendicular
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Considering that the elemental disc is parallel to the hemi-sphere diameter,


 dIc = dI + dIAA

Polar moment about G from the location of disc element,


1
 dI = 4
* dm * x2

Mass of elementary plate,

 dm = ρ π x2 dy

Volume of elementary plate,

 dv = π x2 dy
Moment of Inertia of the elementary plate about Z-Z,

 dIzz = dm y2

y value is unknown but can be found using trigonometry equation such as below,

y 2 = R2 – c 2

Using parallel axis theorem, moment of inertia about centroid:

 dIc = dI + dIAA
1
= ( 4 * dm * x2 ) + ( dm * y2)
𝑥2
= dm ( 4
+ y2 )
𝑥2
= ρ * π * x2 * dy * ( + (R2 – c2 )2 )
4
d) At the instant during oscillation when the point of contact is T, the motion amplitude is ϴ.
(IMAGE OF QUESTION)
The image above shows the oscillation of the solid hemi-sphere. From the image above, we can
see that the solid hemi-sphere travels in two different motion which is linear and rotational.

Kinetic energy, K.E. = Linear energy + Rotational energy around centroid


1 1
 K.E. = ( 𝑚 𝑣2 ) + ( 𝐼 𝑤2 )
2 2 𝑐
1 1 2
= ( 2 𝑚 𝑣 2 ) + ( 2 ∗ (5 𝑚𝑟 2 ) ∗ 𝑤 2 )

w is the angular velocity generated during the oscillation,

𝑑𝜃 𝑣
 w = 𝑑𝑡
= 𝑟

Substitute common unknowns of angular velocity, w,

1 1
 K.E. = ( 2 𝑚 𝑣 2 ) + ( 2 𝐼𝑐 𝑤 2 )
1 1 2 𝑣
= ( 2 𝑚 𝑣 2 ) + ( 2 ∗ (5 𝑚𝑟 2 ) ∗ ( 𝑟 )2 )
1 1
= ( + ) 𝑚 𝑣2
2 5
7
= ( 10 ) 𝑚 𝑣 2
e)