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Antifungal Activity of Pseudomonas aeuroginosa and Bacillus subtilis against Pathogens of Cucurbitaceous Fruits Shaikh Farah T!, Sahera Nasreen’. Assistant Professor and Head, Department of Botany, B. S. Pate! College, Pimpalgaon.Kale. Buldhana, India’ Professor and Head, Department of Botany, Govt. Institute of Science, Aurangabad, India? ABSTRACT: Soil-borne plant pathogenic fungi are of major concer problem in agriculture which affects yield and ‘quality of agricultural products. In this study, antagonistic effects of two bacterial biocontrol agents, Pseudomonas aeuroginosa and Bacillus subtilis isolated from rhizosphere were evaluated against plant pathogenic fungi Fusarium oxysporum, Rhizoctonia solani causing soft cottony leak of cucurbitaceous fruits. The ability of Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Bacillus subtilis in antagonizing or inhibiting the growth of phytopathogenic fungi was tested by measuring the inhibition zone for the growth of the tested fungi using dual culture method. Both bacterial antagonist, Bacillus subtilis and Pseudomonas aeuroginosa had significantly inhibited the radial growth of tested fungal pathogens. Solubility of siderophore of two bacterial strains was examined. Food Waste Impacts on Climate Change & Water Resources Golam Ki Citation: Kibria, G. 2017. Food waste impacts on climate change and water resources. A part of a research project on community-based environmental and sustainability education model in Australia. 4 Pages, 2 Figures, 33 References. April 2017. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/316547640 Food Waste_Impacts_on_Climate_Change Water_Resources Abstract: As part of a research project on community-based environmental and sustainability education mode! in Australia, this article on “Food waste impacts on climate change and water resources” has been prepared. It is intended to provide data and information in short, simple and quick pathways in the form of questions and answers to benefit a wide range of communities (including grassroots levels) across the globe. This article provides an account of food waste (FW) including high-income and low-income countries, causes of FW, the environmental and economic implications of FW and possible FW reduction initiatives and strategies. The article reveals that high-income countries generate much more FW compared to the low-income countries. FW is an emerging environmental issue, which contributes to increasing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions (methane) in landfills and therefore, has an impact on climate change. In addition, FW dumped in landfills can be a source of nutrient and pathogens pollution in waterways. FW is an enormous drain of natural resources such as water used to produce food. Public awareness and education, donation of food to charities, recovering of resources from food waste (biogas, bioethanol, bio-fertilisers, soil conditioners) and zero food wastage to landfill policy would help reducing impacts of FW on the environment, pollution, and climate change. Adolescents’ Homework Performance in Mathematics and Science: Personal Factors and Teaching Practices Rubén Femandez-Alonso Javier Suarez-Alvarez Government of the Principality of Asturias, Oviedo, Asturias, University of Oviedo Spain, and University of Oviedo José Muniz University of Oviedo and Biomedical Research Network in Mental Health (CIBERSAM), Madrid, Spain ‘Classical educational research provides empirical evidence of the positive effect of doing homework on academic results. Nonetheless, when this effect is analyzed in detail there are inconsistent, and in some ‘cases, contradictory results. The central aim of this study was to systematically investigate the effect of homework on performance of students in mathematies and science using multilevel models, The original sample consisted of 7,725 Spanish adolescents with a mean age of 13.78 (0.82) of which 7,451 were evaluated after purging the sample ofthe students who did litle tno homework. A.2-levelhierarchieal- linear analysis was performed, student and class, with 4 individual adjustment variables: gender, socioeconomic and cultural level, year repetition, and school grades, which were used to reflect previous student achievement. The individual level examined time spent, effort made, and the way homework was ‘done. The class level considered frequency of assignment and quantity of homework. Prior knowledge, estimated using school grades, is shown to be the most important predictor of achievement in the study Its effect is greater than the combined effect of all the other variables studied. Once background factors are controlled, the homework variables with most impact on the test are student autonomy and frequency ‘of homework assignment by teachers, Autonomy when doing homework was shown to be the most {important individual-level variable in both mathematics and science, and not effort and or time spent doing homework. The optimum duration of homework was found to be | hr a day.