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Segamat High 2018T2 TRIAL

Section A [45 marks]Answer all questions in this section.

1. The function 𝑓 is defined by


4
+𝑘 , 𝑥 ≤ −2
𝑓(𝑥) = { 𝑥
𝑙𝑛(𝑥 + 3) , 𝑥 > −2

𝑙𝑖𝑚 𝑙𝑖𝑚
(a) Find − 𝑓(𝑥) and 𝑓(𝑥)
𝑥 → −2 𝑥 → −2+ [3 marks]

𝑙𝑖𝑚
(b) Find 𝑘 if 𝑓(𝑥) exists.
𝑥 → −2 [3 marks]
Hence, determine whether 𝑓 is continuous at 𝑥 = −2

2. The parametric equations of a curve are x = t2 - 2, y = t3 - 3. [9 marks]


Find the equation of the normal to the curve at the point where t = 2.

𝜋
3. 1 [5marks]
Show that ∫02 𝑒 2𝑥 sin 𝑥 𝑑𝑥 = 5 (2𝑒 𝜋 + 1)

4. Using 𝑧 = 𝑥 + 3𝑦 as a substitution , find the general solution of the


dy x  3 y  5
differential equation  [7 marks]
dx x  3 y  1
d3y d2y dy
5. Given that y = e cos x . Show that 3
 (sin x ) 2
 (2 cos x)  y sin x  0 . [4 marks]
dx dx dx

Hence, find the Maclaurin series for e cos x up to and including the term in x4.
[5 marks]

6. By sketching the graphs of y = x3 – 2 and y = 4x – 3 on the same axes,


show that the equation x3 – 4x + 1 = 0 has three real roots. Show that the
another one real roots lies between 1 and 2. Use the Newton Raphson
Method with the initial approximation x0 = 1.5, to find one of the real roots
correct to two decimal places. [9 marks]

Section B [15 marks]


Answer any one question in this section.

7. Using substitution x  3sin  , show that

x 1

9
9  x 2 dx  sin 1    x 9  x 2  C . [5 marks]
2 3 2

The diagram below shows the region bounded by the curves 4 x 2  9 y 2  36 and
9 y 2  10 x .

(a) Find the x-coordinates of the points of intersection. [2 marks]


(b) Find the area of the shaded region. [4 marks]
(c) Find the volume of the solid formed when the shaded region is rotated about the
[4 marks]
x-axis through two right angles.
8. (a) Show that the power series of ex and cos x up to the term in x4 are
1
(i) e  1 x 
x
x  ....
2

2!
1 2 1 4
(ii) cos x  1  x  x  .......
2! 4! [5 marks]
(b) Given that y = lncos x, show that the first two non-zero terms of the Maclaurin
𝑥2 𝑥4
Series y is given by 𝑦 = − − 12 [5 marks]
2

 2  x 2  2 cos x  [5 marks]
(c) Using the power series given, show that lim  x  1
x 0 e  e  x  2 cos x 
 
Answer Trial Term 2 STS 2018

1. The function 𝑓 is defined by


4
+𝑘 , 𝑥 ≤ −2
𝑓(𝑥) = { 𝑥
𝑙𝑛(𝑥 + 3) , 𝑥 > −2

𝑙𝑖𝑚 𝑙𝑖𝑚 [3 marks]


(b) Find − 𝑓(𝑥) and 𝑓(𝑥)
𝑥 → −2 𝑥 → −2+

𝑙𝑖𝑚
(b) Find 𝑘 if 𝑓(𝑥) exists.
𝑥 → −2 [3 marks]
Hence, determine whether 𝑓 is continuous at 𝑥 = −2

lim
a) 𝑓(𝑥)
𝑥 → −2−
4
= lim − + 𝑘 M1
𝑥→−2 𝑥
(choose
4 correct
= +𝑘 piece-both)
−2
=𝑘 − 2 A1

lim 𝑓(𝑥)
𝑥→−2+
= lim + ln(𝑥 + 3)
𝑥→−2

= ln(−2 + 3) A1
=0

𝑙𝑖𝑚
b) Since 𝑓(𝑥) exists, then
𝑥 → −2

lim 𝑓(𝑥) = lim + 𝑓(𝑥)


𝑥→−2− 𝑥→−2
B1
𝑘−2=0
𝑘=2

4
𝑓(−2) = +2 =0 M1(both)
−2
lim 𝑓(𝑥) = 0
𝑥→−2

A1
lim
Since 𝑓(−2) = 𝑓(𝑥) = 0, then 𝑓 is continuous at 𝑥 = −2.
𝑥 → −2
2 The parametric equations of a curve are x = t2 - 2, y = t3 - 3.
Find the equation of the normal to the curve at the point where t = 2. [9 marks]

x = t2 – 2
dx
= 2t
dt B1(dx/dt)
y = t3 - 3
dy
= 3t2
dt B1(dy/dt)

dy dy dt
 x
dx dt dx
1
= 3t2 x M1(correct
2t chain rule)
2
= 3t
2t
3t
= A1
2

dy 32
When t = 2,  M1(sub.)
dx 2
dy
3
dx

Gradient of tangent at point t = 2, is 3


1 A1(correct
Gradient of normal at point t = 2, is  𝑚𝑡 & 𝑚𝑁 )
3

When t = 2, x = (2)2 - 2
x=2
y = ( 2 )3 - 3 A1(correct
=5 x & y)

The equation of the normal at point t = 2 is


1 M1(use
y-5=  (x-2) correct
3
3y - 15 = -x + 2 sub)
x + 3y = 17 A1
𝜋
3. 1 [5marks]
Show that ∫02 𝑒 2𝑥 sin 𝑥 𝑑𝑥 = 5 (2𝑒 𝜋 + 1)
= M1(1𝑠𝑡 by
part)
M1(2𝑛𝑑 by
part)

A1

M1(√sub)

A1
4. Using 𝑧 = 𝑥 + 3𝑦 as a substitution , find the general solution of the differential [7 marks]
dy x  3 y  5
equation 
dx x  3 y  1
z = x + 3y ………(1)
dz dy
 1 3
dx dx M1(dz/dx)

dy 1  dz 
   1 ……….(2)
dx 3  dx 
Substitute (1) ,(2) into question
1  dz  z  5 M1(sub. 1
  1 
3  dx  z  1 &2)
dz 3z  5 3z  15  z  1 4 z  14 A1(eq.
 1  = dz/dx)
dx z 1 z 1 z 1
z 1 z 1
 4 z  14 dz   dx or  2 z  7 dz   2dx M1

1 9  1 9 
  4  2(4 z  14)  dz   dx or   2  2(2 z  7)  dz   2dx M1(long
division)
1 9 1 9
z  ln( 4 z  14)  x  c or z  ln( 2 z  7)  2 x  c
4 8 2 4 M1
1 9
( x  3 y )  ln( 4( x  3 y )  14)  x  c or
4 8
1 9
( x  3 y )  ln( 2( x  3 y )  7)  2 x  c
2 4
2x+ 6y+ 9ln(4x+12y-14)=8x+8c or
2x + 6y+9ln(2x+6y-7) =8x+4c A1

6y-6x +9ln(4x+12y-14)= 8c or 6y-6x+ 9ln(2x+6y-7)=4c


5. d3y d2y dy
Given that y = e cos x . Show that 3
 (sin x ) 2
 (2 cos x)  y sin x  0 . [4 marks]
dx dx dx
[5 marks]
Hence, find the Maclaurin series for e cos x up to and including the term in x4.
y = e cos x
dy
 ecos x [ sin x] = –ysinx M1(dy/dx)
dx
d2y  dy 
  y[cos x]  sin x   𝑑2 𝑦
M1(𝑑𝑥 2 )
 dx 
2
dx
d3y  dy   d 2 y  dy 𝑑3 𝑦
  y[  sin x ]  cos x 
 dx   sin x  2   [cos x] M1 (𝑑𝑥 3 )
dx3    dx  dx
d3y d2y dy
3
 (sin x ) 2
 (2 cos x)  y sin x  0 A1
dx dx dx
4
d y 3
dy 2
d y d2y dy dy 𝑑4 𝑦
 (sin x )  (cos x )  (2cos x )  2sin x  sin x  y cos x  0 M1(𝑑𝑥 4 )
4 3 2 2
dx dx dx dx dx dx
4 3 2
d y d y d y dy
4
 (sin x) 3  (3 cos x) 2  (3 sin x)  y cos x  0
dx dx dx dx M1(sub.
x = 0 : y = e, y’ = 0, y’’ = –e, y’’’ = 0, y IV = 4e x = 0)
Maclaurin Series for y = e cos x A1(all
2 3 4 correct)
e cos x = e +( 0 )x +( –e) x +( 0 ) x +( 4e ) x +…… M1
2! 3! 4!
e = e – e x + e x +……
cos x 2 4
A1
2 6
6. By sketching the graphs of y = x3 – 2 and y = 4x – 3 on the same axes, show
that the equation x3 – 4x + 1 = 0 has three real roots. Show that the another one
real roots lies between 1 and 2. Use the Newton Raphson Method with the initial
approximation x0 = 1.5, to find one of the real roots correct to two decimal
places. [9 marks]

𝑦
= 4𝑥 D1(graph
−3 y = x3 – 2)
D1(graph y
= 4x – 3)
D1(all correct
with label)

Since, the two graphs intersects at three points, then the equation x3 – 4x + 1 = 0 B1
has three real roots.
f(x) = x3 – 4x + 1
f(1) = - 2 or f(2) = 1 M1(both)
Since f(1) and f(2) are opposite sign/change in sign, thus one of the real roots lies A1(with
between 1 and 2 . reason)

f(x) = x 3 – 4x + 1
f ′ (x) = 3x2 – 4 M1
(f ′ (x))
(1.5)3 −4(1.5)+1
x0= 1.5, 𝑥1 = 1.5 − = 2.0909
3(1.5)2 −4 M1(correct
sub.[at least
𝑓 ( 2.0909)
x 2= 2.0909 - = 1.8959 one sub.])
𝑓 ′ (2.0909)
𝑓 ( 1.8959)
x3 = 1.8959 - = 1.8618 [working
𝑓 ′ (1.8959)
must 4dp, if
𝑓 ( 1.8618) less than 4,
x4 = 1.8618 - = 1.8608
𝑓 ′ (1.8618) minus 1
𝑓 ( 1.8608)
x5 = 1.8608 - = 1.8608 mark]
𝑓 ′ (1.8608)

Therefore, the one of the roots, x = 1.86 ( correct to two decimal places ) A1(with
stopping
criteria, 2dp)
7. Using substitution x  3sin  , show that

x 1

9
9  x 2 dx  sin 1    x 9  x 2  C . [5 marks]
2 3 2

The diagram below shows the region bounded by the curves 4 x 2  9 y 2  36 and
9 y 2  10 x .

(a) Find the x-coordinates of the points of intersection. [2 marks]

(b) Find the area of the shaded region. [4 marks]


(c) Find the volume of the solid formed when the shaded region is rotated
[4 marks]
about the x-axis through two right angles.
x
x  3sin  , sin  
3
3

M1(dx/dθ)
(9 – x2)

dx
 3cos 
d
1
9  x 2  9  9sin 2   3cos  , cos   9  x2 M1(correct
3 sub.)

 
9  x 2 dx  3cos  (3cos  )d


 9 cos 2  d M1(sub.
cos 2θ)

M1(correct
9 sin 2  ∫)
   C
2 2 

9 9
   (2sin  cos  )  C
2 4 A1

x 1

9
9  x 2 dx  sin 1    x 9  x 2  C
2 3 2
a)

4 x 2  9 y 2  36 - - - - (1)
9 y 2  10 x - - - - (2)
4 x 2  10 x  36 M1(sub. (1)
into (2))
2 x 2  5 x  18  0
( x  2)(2 x  9)  0
A1
x  0, x  2

 
2 3
Area  2 y1dx  2 y2 dx
0 2 M1(correct
36  4 x 2 choose
 
2 3
10 x
2 dx  2 dx region)
0 9 2 9
2
2 10  2 x x  4  9 1  x  1
3
2 M1(either
     sin    x 9  x  one correct)
3  3 0 3  2 3 2 2
2 10  4 2  4  9 1 1  4  9 1  2  
  0   sin 1  3 0    sin    5 
 M1(sub.)

3  3  3 2 2  3 2 3 
A1
4 5 2
  3  6sin 1   or 6.040
9 3

  ( y ) dx
2 3
c) Volume   ( y1 )2 dx   1
2
M1(correct
0 2

36  4 x 2 choose
 9 dx    9 dx
2 3
10 x
 region)
0 2
2 3
 5x  
2
4 x3  M1(both)
      4 x  27 
 9 0  2
20 248
   0  16   M1(sub.)
9 27
244
  A1
27
8.
8. a) f (x ) = ex
f ‘ (x ) = e x , f “ ( x ) = ex , f”’ (x) = ex , f iv( x ) = ex M1(both
f (0) = f’(0) =f”(0) = f”’(0) =f iv(0)= e0= 1 correct)
1 1 1
then, ex = 1 + x + x 2 + x 3  x 4  .... A1
2! 3! 4!
g(x) = cos x g(0) = cos 0 = 1
g’(x)=-sin x g’(0) = -sin 0 = 0
g”(x) =-cos x g”(0) = -cos 0 = 1 M1(both
g”’(x) = sin x g”’(0) = -sin 0 = 0 correct)
iv
g (x) = cosx giv(0) = cos 0 = 1
1 2 1
cos x  1  0  x (1)  0  x 2 (1)  ..... M1(sub. cos)
2! 4!
1 2 1 4 A1
1 x  x  .....
2! 4!
b)
f (x) = lncos x f (0) = 0 M1(f’ &
f’(x) = - tan x f’(0) = 0 f’’correct)
f “(x) = - sec2 x f”(0) = -1
= - (1 + tan2x)
f”’(x) = - 2 sec2 x tan x f”’(0) = 0 M1(f’’’or fiv
fiv (x) = - 2 sec4x+ 4 sec2x tan 2x fiv ( 0) = -2 correct)
(1) 2 0 x 3 (2) 4
Therefore, f ( x)  0  0 x  x   x
2! 3! 4!
M1(sub.)
=  x  x  ....
2 4

2 12 A1

 2  x 2  2 cos x 
c ) lim  x  M1(sub. cos
x 0 e  e  x  2 cos x 
  formula)
 1 1 2 
 2  x 2  2(1  x 2  x  ... 
= lim  2 24  M1(sub ex
x 0  1 4 1 2 1 4  formula)
 2  x  x  2(1  x  x  .... 
2

 12 2 24 
 1 
=  2 x  x  ....... 
2 4

12 M1(simplify)
lim  

x 0
2 x  ......
2

 
=  2  x  ......... 
1 2

lim  12 
2  ....... M1
 
x 0

  (eliminate x)
2
=
2

=1 A1