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4

+𝑘 , 𝑥 ≤ −2

𝑓(𝑥) = { 𝑥

𝑙𝑛(𝑥 + 3) , 𝑥 > −2

𝑙𝑖𝑚 𝑙𝑖𝑚

(a) Find − 𝑓(𝑥) and 𝑓(𝑥)

𝑥 → −2 𝑥 → −2+ [3 marks]

𝑙𝑖𝑚

(b) Find 𝑘 if 𝑓(𝑥) exists.

𝑥 → −2 [3 marks]

Hence, determine whether 𝑓 is continuous at 𝑥 = −2

Find the equation of the normal to the curve at the point where t = 2.

𝜋

3. 1 [5marks]

Show that ∫02 𝑒 2𝑥 sin 𝑥 𝑑𝑥 = 5 (2𝑒 𝜋 + 1)

dy x 3 y 5

differential equation [7 marks]

dx x 3 y 1

d3y d2y dy

5. Given that y = e cos x . Show that 3

(sin x ) 2

(2 cos x) y sin x 0 . [4 marks]

dx dx dx

Hence, find the Maclaurin series for e cos x up to and including the term in x4.

[5 marks]

show that the equation x3 – 4x + 1 = 0 has three real roots. Show that the

another one real roots lies between 1 and 2. Use the Newton Raphson

Method with the initial approximation x0 = 1.5, to find one of the real roots

correct to two decimal places. [9 marks]

Answer any one question in this section.

x 1

9

9 x 2 dx sin 1 x 9 x 2 C . [5 marks]

2 3 2

The diagram below shows the region bounded by the curves 4 x 2 9 y 2 36 and

9 y 2 10 x .

(b) Find the area of the shaded region. [4 marks]

(c) Find the volume of the solid formed when the shaded region is rotated about the

[4 marks]

x-axis through two right angles.

8. (a) Show that the power series of ex and cos x up to the term in x4 are

1

(i) e 1 x

x

x ....

2

2!

1 2 1 4

(ii) cos x 1 x x .......

2! 4! [5 marks]

(b) Given that y = lncos x, show that the first two non-zero terms of the Maclaurin

𝑥2 𝑥4

Series y is given by 𝑦 = − − 12 [5 marks]

2

2 x 2 2 cos x [5 marks]

(c) Using the power series given, show that lim x 1

x 0 e e x 2 cos x

Answer Trial Term 2 STS 2018

4

+𝑘 , 𝑥 ≤ −2

𝑓(𝑥) = { 𝑥

𝑙𝑛(𝑥 + 3) , 𝑥 > −2

(b) Find − 𝑓(𝑥) and 𝑓(𝑥)

𝑥 → −2 𝑥 → −2+

𝑙𝑖𝑚

(b) Find 𝑘 if 𝑓(𝑥) exists.

𝑥 → −2 [3 marks]

Hence, determine whether 𝑓 is continuous at 𝑥 = −2

lim

a) 𝑓(𝑥)

𝑥 → −2−

4

= lim − + 𝑘 M1

𝑥→−2 𝑥

(choose

4 correct

= +𝑘 piece-both)

−2

=𝑘 − 2 A1

lim 𝑓(𝑥)

𝑥→−2+

= lim + ln(𝑥 + 3)

𝑥→−2

= ln(−2 + 3) A1

=0

𝑙𝑖𝑚

b) Since 𝑓(𝑥) exists, then

𝑥 → −2

𝑥→−2− 𝑥→−2

B1

𝑘−2=0

𝑘=2

4

𝑓(−2) = +2 =0 M1(both)

−2

lim 𝑓(𝑥) = 0

𝑥→−2

A1

lim

Since 𝑓(−2) = 𝑓(𝑥) = 0, then 𝑓 is continuous at 𝑥 = −2.

𝑥 → −2

2 The parametric equations of a curve are x = t2 - 2, y = t3 - 3.

Find the equation of the normal to the curve at the point where t = 2. [9 marks]

x = t2 – 2

dx

= 2t

dt B1(dx/dt)

y = t3 - 3

dy

= 3t2

dt B1(dy/dt)

dy dy dt

x

dx dt dx

1

= 3t2 x M1(correct

2t chain rule)

2

= 3t

2t

3t

= A1

2

dy 32

When t = 2, M1(sub.)

dx 2

dy

3

dx

1 A1(correct

Gradient of normal at point t = 2, is 𝑚𝑡 & 𝑚𝑁 )

3

When t = 2, x = (2)2 - 2

x=2

y = ( 2 )3 - 3 A1(correct

=5 x & y)

1 M1(use

y-5= (x-2) correct

3

3y - 15 = -x + 2 sub)

x + 3y = 17 A1

𝜋

3. 1 [5marks]

Show that ∫02 𝑒 2𝑥 sin 𝑥 𝑑𝑥 = 5 (2𝑒 𝜋 + 1)

= M1(1𝑠𝑡 by

part)

M1(2𝑛𝑑 by

part)

A1

M1(√sub)

A1

4. Using 𝑧 = 𝑥 + 3𝑦 as a substitution , find the general solution of the differential [7 marks]

dy x 3 y 5

equation

dx x 3 y 1

z = x + 3y ………(1)

dz dy

1 3

dx dx M1(dz/dx)

dy 1 dz

1 ……….(2)

dx 3 dx

Substitute (1) ,(2) into question

1 dz z 5 M1(sub. 1

1

3 dx z 1 &2)

dz 3z 5 3z 15 z 1 4 z 14 A1(eq.

1 = dz/dx)

dx z 1 z 1 z 1

z 1 z 1

4 z 14 dz dx or 2 z 7 dz 2dx M1

1 9 1 9

4 2(4 z 14) dz dx or 2 2(2 z 7) dz 2dx M1(long

division)

1 9 1 9

z ln( 4 z 14) x c or z ln( 2 z 7) 2 x c

4 8 2 4 M1

1 9

( x 3 y ) ln( 4( x 3 y ) 14) x c or

4 8

1 9

( x 3 y ) ln( 2( x 3 y ) 7) 2 x c

2 4

2x+ 6y+ 9ln(4x+12y－14)=8x+8c or

2x + 6y+9ln(2x+6y－7) =8x+4c A1

5. d3y d2y dy

Given that y = e cos x . Show that 3

(sin x ) 2

(2 cos x) y sin x 0 . [4 marks]

dx dx dx

[5 marks]

Hence, find the Maclaurin series for e cos x up to and including the term in x4.

y = e cos x

dy

ecos x [ sin x] = –ysinx M1(dy/dx)

dx

d2y dy

y[cos x] sin x 𝑑2 𝑦

M1(𝑑𝑥 2 )

dx

2

dx

d3y dy d 2 y dy 𝑑3 𝑦

y[ sin x ] cos x

dx sin x 2 [cos x] M1 (𝑑𝑥 3 )

dx3 dx dx

d3y d2y dy

3

(sin x ) 2

(2 cos x) y sin x 0 A1

dx dx dx

4

d y 3

dy 2

d y d2y dy dy 𝑑4 𝑦

(sin x ) (cos x ) (2cos x ) 2sin x sin x y cos x 0 M1(𝑑𝑥 4 )

4 3 2 2

dx dx dx dx dx dx

4 3 2

d y d y d y dy

4

(sin x) 3 (3 cos x) 2 (3 sin x) y cos x 0

dx dx dx dx M1(sub.

x = 0 : y = e, y’ = 0, y’’ = –e, y’’’ = 0, y IV = 4e x = 0)

Maclaurin Series for y = e cos x A1(all

2 3 4 correct)

e cos x = e +( 0 )x +( –e) x +( 0 ) x +( 4e ) x +…… M1

2! 3! 4!

e = e – e x + e x +……

cos x 2 4

A1

2 6

6. By sketching the graphs of y = x3 – 2 and y = 4x – 3 on the same axes, show

that the equation x3 – 4x + 1 = 0 has three real roots. Show that the another one

real roots lies between 1 and 2. Use the Newton Raphson Method with the initial

approximation x0 = 1.5, to find one of the real roots correct to two decimal

places. [9 marks]

𝑦

= 4𝑥 D1(graph

−3 y = x3 – 2)

D1(graph y

= 4x – 3)

D1(all correct

with label)

Since, the two graphs intersects at three points, then the equation x3 – 4x + 1 = 0 B1

has three real roots.

f(x) = x3 – 4x + 1

f(1) = - 2 or f(2) = 1 M1(both)

Since f(1) and f(2) are opposite sign/change in sign, thus one of the real roots lies A1(with

between 1 and 2 . reason)

f(x) = x 3 – 4x + 1

f ′ (x) = 3x2 – 4 M1

(f ′ (x))

(1.5)3 −4(1.5)+1

x0= 1.5, 𝑥1 = 1.5 − = 2.0909

3(1.5)2 −4 M1(correct

sub.[at least

𝑓 ( 2.0909)

x 2= 2.0909 - = 1.8959 one sub.])

𝑓 ′ (2.0909)

𝑓 ( 1.8959)

x3 = 1.8959 - = 1.8618 [working

𝑓 ′ (1.8959)

must 4dp, if

𝑓 ( 1.8618) less than 4,

x4 = 1.8618 - = 1.8608

𝑓 ′ (1.8618) minus 1

𝑓 ( 1.8608)

x5 = 1.8608 - = 1.8608 mark]

𝑓 ′ (1.8608)

Therefore, the one of the roots, x = 1.86 ( correct to two decimal places ) A1(with

stopping

criteria, 2dp)

7. Using substitution x 3sin , show that

x 1

9

9 x 2 dx sin 1 x 9 x 2 C . [5 marks]

2 3 2

The diagram below shows the region bounded by the curves 4 x 2 9 y 2 36 and

9 y 2 10 x .

(c) Find the volume of the solid formed when the shaded region is rotated

[4 marks]

about the x-axis through two right angles.

x

x 3sin , sin

3

3

M1(dx/dθ)

(9 – x2)

dx

3cos

d

1

9 x 2 9 9sin 2 3cos , cos 9 x2 M1(correct

3 sub.)

9 x 2 dx 3cos (3cos )d

9 cos 2 d M1(sub.

cos 2θ)

M1(correct

9 sin 2 ∫)

C

2 2

9 9

(2sin cos ) C

2 4 A1

x 1

9

9 x 2 dx sin 1 x 9 x 2 C

2 3 2

a)

4 x 2 9 y 2 36 - - - - (1)

9 y 2 10 x - - - - (2)

4 x 2 10 x 36 M1(sub. (1)

into (2))

2 x 2 5 x 18 0

( x 2)(2 x 9) 0

A1

x 0, x 2

2 3

Area 2 y1dx 2 y2 dx

0 2 M1(correct

36 4 x 2 choose

2 3

10 x

2 dx 2 dx region)

0 9 2 9

2

2 10 2 x x 4 9 1 x 1

3

2 M1(either

sin x 9 x one correct)

3 3 0 3 2 3 2 2

2 10 4 2 4 9 1 1 4 9 1 2

0 sin 1 3 0 sin 5

M1(sub.)

3 3 3 2 2 3 2 3

A1

4 5 2

3 6sin 1 or 6.040

9 3

( y ) dx

2 3

c) Volume ( y1 )2 dx 1

2

M1(correct

0 2

36 4 x 2 choose

9 dx 9 dx

2 3

10 x

region)

0 2

2 3

5x

2

4 x3 M1(both)

4 x 27

9 0 2

20 248

0 16 M1(sub.)

9 27

244

A1

27

8.

8. a) f (x ) = ex

f ‘ (x ) = e x , f “ ( x ) = ex , f”’ (x) = ex , f iv( x ) = ex M1(both

f (0) = f’(0) =f”(0) = f”’(0) =f iv(0)= e0= 1 correct)

1 1 1

then, ex = 1 + x + x 2 + x 3 x 4 .... A1

2! 3! 4!

g(x) = cos x g(0) = cos 0 = 1

g’(x)=-sin x g’(0) = -sin 0 = 0

g”(x) =-cos x g”(0) = -cos 0 = 1 M1(both

g”’(x) = sin x g”’(0) = -sin 0 = 0 correct)

iv

g (x) = cosx giv(0) = cos 0 = 1

1 2 1

cos x 1 0 x (1) 0 x 2 (1) ..... M1(sub. cos)

2! 4!

1 2 1 4 A1

1 x x .....

2! 4!

b)

f (x) = lncos x f (0) = 0 M1(f’ &

f’(x) = - tan x f’(0) = 0 f’’correct)

f “(x) = - sec2 x f”(0) = -1

= - (1 + tan2x)

f”’(x) = - 2 sec2 x tan x f”’(0) = 0 M1(f’’’or fiv

fiv (x) = - 2 sec4x+ 4 sec2x tan 2x fiv ( 0) = -2 correct)

(1) 2 0 x 3 (2) 4

Therefore, f ( x) 0 0 x x x

2! 3! 4!

M1(sub.)

= x x ....

2 4

2 12 A1

2 x 2 2 cos x

c ) lim x M1(sub. cos

x 0 e e x 2 cos x

formula)

1 1 2

2 x 2 2(1 x 2 x ...

= lim 2 24 M1(sub ex

x 0 1 4 1 2 1 4 formula)

2 x x 2(1 x x ....

2

12 2 24

1

= 2 x x .......

2 4

12 M1(simplify)

lim

x 0

2 x ......

2

= 2 x .........

1 2

lim 12

2 ....... M1

x 0

(eliminate x)

2

=

2

=1 A1

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