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Radioactivity I P.

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7920
A radioactive isotope will undergo a change in its atomic number by the emission of
(1) α particles
(2) ß particles
(3) γ rays
Which of the above assertions is/are correct?

A. (1) only
B. (2) only
C. (1) and (2) only
D. (2) and (3) only
E. (1), (2) and (3)

8141
If the three kinds of radiations α, ß and γ are arranged in ascending order of their ionization power,
their order is

A. α, ß, γ
B. α, ß, γ
C. ß, α, γ
D. ß, γ, α
E. γ, ß, α

8233
α-particles have greater penetration power than ß-particles.
BECAUSE
α-particles have greater mass than ß-particle.

8345
α particles can penetrate a greater distance in air than ß particles.
BECAUSE
An α particle has a smaller mass than a ß particle.

8436
original
direction

path after
deflection

X is a radioactive element which emits radiation as it decays. If all the radiation emitted is bent
by a magnetic field in the direction shown above (going into year), then the radiation consists of

A. α, ß and γ rays
B. α and γ rays only
C. ß and γ rays only
D. α rays only
E. ß rays only
8635
The speeds of x-rays, γ rays and ß rays in air are denoted by v x, vγ and vß respectively. Which of
the following is true?

A. vx > vγ > vß
B. vx < vγ < vß
C. vx = vγ = vß

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Radioactivity I P.2
D. vx > vγ > and vß > vγ
E. vx = vγ > vß

8645
The diffusion cloud chamber can be used to detect α particles.
BECAUSE
α particles have high penetrating power in air.

8739
Which of the following about α radiation is/are correct?
(1) The mass of an α particle is about four times that of a hydrogen atom.
(2) It has a stronger ionizing power than ß radiation.
(3) It has a greater penetration power than γ radiation.

A. (1) only
B. (2) only
C. (3) only
D. (1) and (2) only
E. (2) and (3) only

9240
Which of the following diagrams correctly shows the deflection of α, ß and γ rays in a uniform
magnetic field pointing into the paper?
A.
(
"
ß

B.
(
"
ß

C.
"
ß
(

D.
ß
"
(

E.
(
ß
"

9438
Arrange α, ß and γ radiation in ascending order of their ionizing powers:

A. α, ß, γ
B. α, γ, ß
C. ß, γ, α
D. γ, α, ß
E. γ, ß, α