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Holt Physics

Problem 2B

AVERAGE ACCELERATION

PROBLEM

In 1977 off the coast of Australia, the fastest speed by a vessel on the water

was achieved. If this vessel were to undergo an average acceleration of

1.80 m/s2, it would go from rest to its top speed in 85.6 s. What was the

speed of the vessel?

SOLUTION

Given: aavg = 1.80 m/s2

∆t = 85.6 s

vi = 0 m/s

Unknown: vf = ?

Use the definition of average acceleration to find vf.

∆v vf – vi

aavg = =

∆t ∆t

Rearrange the equation to calculate vf.

vf = aavg ∆t + vi

m m

vf = 1.80 2 85.6 s + 0

s s

m

= 154

s

m 3.60 × 103 s 1 km

= 154 3

HRW material copyrighted under notice appearing earlier in this book.

s 1h 10 m

km

= 554

h

ADDITIONAL PRACTICE

1. If the vessel in the sample problem accelerates for 1.00 min, what will

its speed be after that minute? Calculate the answer in both meters per

second and kilometers per hour.

2. In 1935, a French destroyer, La Terrible, attained one of the fastest

speeds for any standard warship. Suppose it took 2.0 min at a constant

acceleration of 0.19 m/s2 for the ship to reach its top speed after start-

ing from rest. Calculate the ship’s final speed.

3. In 1934, the wind speed on Mt. Washington in New Hampshire

reached a record high. Suppose a very sturdy glider is launched in this

wind, so that in 45.0 s the glider reaches the speed of the wind. If the

Problem 2B 5

NAME ______________________________________ DATE _______________ CLASS ____________________

wind’s speed? Assume that the glider is initially at rest.

4. In 1992, Maurizio Damilano, of Italy, walked 29 752 m in 2.00 h.

a. Calculate Damilano’s average speed in m/s.

b. Suppose Damilano slows down to 3.00 m/s at the midpoint in his

journey, but then picks up the pace and accelerates to the speed

calculated in (a). It takes Damilano 30.0 s to accelerate. Find the

magnitude of the average acceleration during this time interval.

5. South African frogs are capable of jumping as far as 10.0 m in one hop.

Suppose one of these frogs makes exactly 15 of these jumps in a time

interval of 60.0 s.

a. What is the frog’s average velocity?

b. If the frog lands with a velocity equal to its average velocity and

comes to a full stop 0.25 s later, what is the frog’s average

acceleration?

6. In 1991 at Smith College, in Massachusetts, Ferdie Adoboe ran

1.00 × 102 m backward in 13.6 s. Suppose it takes Adoboe 2.00 s to

achieve a velocity equal to her average velocity during the run. Find

her average acceleration during the first 2.00 s.

7. In the 1992 Summer Olympics, the German four-man kayak team cov-

ered 1 km in just under 3 minutes. Suppose that between the starting

point and the 150 m mark the kayak steadily increases its speed from

0.0 m/s to 6.0 m/s, so that its average speed is 3.0 m/s.

a. How long does it take to cover the 150 m?

b. What is the magnitude of the average acceleration during that

part of the course?

8. The highest speed ever achieved on a bicycle was reached by John

Howard of the United States. The bicycle, which was accelerated by

being towed by a vehicle, reached a velocity of +245 km/h. Suppose

Howard wants to slow down, and applies the brakes on his now freely

moving bicycle. If the average acceleration of the bicycle during brak-

ing is –3.0 m/s2, how long will it take for the bicycle’s velocity to de-

crease by 20.0 percent?

9. In 1993, bicyclist Rebecca Twigg of the United States traveled 3.00 km

in 217.347 s. Suppose Twigg travels the entire distance at her average

speed and that she then accelerates at –1.72 m/s2 to come to a complete

stop after crossing the finish line. How long does it take Twigg to come

to a stop?

10. During the Winter Olympic games at Lillehammer, Norway, in 1994,

Dan Jansen of the United States skated 5.00 × 102 m in 35.76 s. Sup-

pose it takes Jansen 4.00 s to increase his velocity from zero to his

maximum velocity, which is 10.0 percent greater than his average ve-

locity during the whole run. Calculate Jansen’s average acceleration

during the first 4.00 s.

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