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SENR3130-09

July 2003

Specifications
Torque Specifications
i01658146

Important Safety Information


Most accidents that involve product operation, maintenance and repair are caused by failure to
observe basic safety rules or precautions. An accident can often be avoided by recognizing potentially
hazardous situations before an accident occurs. A person must be alert to potential hazards. This
person should also have the necessary training, skills and tools to perform these functions properly.
Improper operation, lubrication, maintenance or repair of this product can be dangerous and
could result in injury or death.
Do not operate or perform any lubrication, maintenance or repair on this product, until you have
read and understood the operation, lubrication, maintenance and repair information.
Safety precautions and warnings are provided in this manual and on the product. If these hazard
warnings are not heeded, bodily injury or death could occur to you or to other persons.
The hazards are identified by the “Safety Alert Symbol” and followed by a “Signal Word” such as
“DANGER”, “WARNING” or “CAUTION”. The Safety Alert “WARNING” label is shown below.

The meaning of this safety alert symbol is as follows:


Attention! Become Alert! Your Safety is Involved.
The message that appears under the warning explains the hazard and can be either written or
pictorially presented.
Operations that may cause product damage are identified by “NOTICE” labels on the product and in
this publication.
Caterpillar cannot anticipate every possible circumstance that might involve a potential hazard. The
warnings in this publication and on the product are, therefore, not all inclusive. If a tool, procedure,
work method or operating technique that is not specifically recommended by Caterpillar is used,
you must satisfy yourself that it is safe for you and for others. You should also ensure that the
product will not be damaged or be made unsafe by the operation, lubrication, maintenance or
repair procedures that you choose.
The information, specifications, and illustrations in this publication are on the basis of information that
was available at the time that the publication was written. The specifications, torques, pressures,
measurements, adjustments, illustrations, and other items can change at any time. These changes can
affect the service that is given to the product. Obtain the complete and most current information before
you start any job. Caterpillar dealers have the most current information available.

When replacement parts are required for this


product Caterpillar recommends using Caterpil-
lar replacement parts or parts with equivalent
specifications including, but not limited to, phys-
ical dimensions, type, strength and material.

Failure to heed this warning can lead to prema-


ture failures, product damage, personal injury or
death.
3
Table of Contents

Table of Contents
Specifications Section
General Information .............................................. 4
Metric (ISO) Fasteners .......................................... 4
English (SAE) Fasteners ....................................... 5
Ground Engaging Tool (G.E.T.) Fasteners ............ 6
Installation of Fittings ............................................ 7
Straight Thread O-Ring Fittings ............................ 8
Plugs ..................................................................... 9
O-Ring Face Seal Fittings ..................................... 11
Bulkhead Nuts ...................................................... 11
Flare Fittings ......................................................... 12
Air Conditioning Fittings ........................................ 13
Air Brake Fittings ................................................... 13
Tapered Pipe Thread Fittings ................................ 14
Miscellaneous Fittings .......................................... 14
Hose Clamps ........................................................ 15

Index Section
Index ..................................................................... 17
4
Specifications Section

Specifications Section i01938156

Metric (ISO) Fasteners


i01773016
SMCS Code: 7553
General Information
Metric (ISO) Nuts and Bolts
SMCS Code: 7553

Mismatched or incorrect fasteners can result in


damage or malfunction, or personal injury.

Take care to avoid mixing metric dimensioned fas-


teners and inch dimensioned fasteners. Illustration 1 g00909614

Exceptions to these torques are given in the Service Note: The following table has the recommended
Manual, if necessary. standard torque values for metric nuts and bolts for
use on Caterpillar engines and Mitsubishi engines.
Torque wrenches must be used properly in order to
Table 1
ensure that the correct torque is applied. Always
use a smooth pull for torque wrenches. Do not jerk Thread Size
Torque
a torque wrench. For the correct use of your torque mm
wrench, refer to the instructions that were packaged
M6 12 ± 3 N·m (9 ± 2 lb ft)
with your torque wrench. For more information on
the correct use of torque wrenches, refer to Special M8 28 ± 7 N·m (21 ± 5 lb ft)
Publication, SEBV0516, “An Introduction to Torque”.
M10 55 ± 10 N·m (41 ± 7 lb ft)
Be sure to use a torque wrench that has the proper M12 100 ± 20 N·m (75 ± 15 lb ft)
range. Torque values are given in the following
M14 160 ± 30 N·m (120 ± 22 lb ft)
units:NEWTON meters (N·m), pound feet (lb ft), and
pound inches (lb in) M16 240 ± 40 N·m (175 ± 30 lb ft)
M20 460 ± 60 N·m (340 ± 44 lb ft)
Prior to installation of any hardware, ensure that
components are in near new condition. Bolts and M24 800 ± 100 N·m (590 ± 75 lb ft)
threads must not be worn or damaged. Threads
M30 1600 ± 200 N·m (1180 ± 150 lb ft)
must not have burrs or nicks. Hardware must be
free of rust and corrosion. Clean reused fasteners M36 2700 ± 300 N·m (2000 ± 220 lb ft)
with a noncorrosive cleaner. Lightly lubricate the
threads of reused fasteners. Lightly lubricate the
mating surface of the head of reused fasteners. Note: The following table has the recommended
Other applications for lubricating fasteners may also standard torque values for metric nuts and bolts for
be specified in the Service Manual. The Service use on Perkins engines.
Manual may also specify the use of sealants and
compounds.
5
Specifications Section

Table 2 Metric (ISO) Machine Screws


Thread Size
Torque
mm
M6 5 N·m (44 lb in)
M8 22 N·m (16 lb ft)
M10 44 N·m (32 lb ft)
M12 78 N·m (58 lb ft)
g00908932
Illustration 2
M14 124 N·m (91 lb ft)
M16 177 N·m (131 lb ft) Table 5

M18 200 N·m (148 lb ft) Thread Size


Torque
mm
M20 400 N·m (295 lb ft)
M1.6 0.10 ± 0.01 N·m (0.9 ± 0.1 lb in)
M24 790 N·m (582 lb ft)
M2 0.15 ± 0.01 N·m (1.3 ± 0.1 lb in)

Note: The difference between Caterpillar standard M2.5 0.35 ± 0.05 N·m (3.1 ± 0.4 lb in)
torque values and Perkins standard torque values M3 0.50 ± 0.05 N·m (4.4 ± 0.4 lb in)
are due to different grade of bolts and fasteners.
Caterpillar uses grade 8 bolts and fasteners. Perkins M4 1.70 ± 0.25 N·m (15.0 ± 2.2 lb in)
uses grade 5 bolts and fasteners. M5 2.25 ± 0.25 N·m (19.9 ± 2.2 lb in)

Metric (ISO) Taperlock Studs


i01777737
Note: The following table has the recommended
standard torque values for metric taperlock studs for English (SAE) Fasteners
use on Caterpillar engines and Mitsubishi engines.
SMCS Code: 7553
Table 3
Thread Size
Torque
English (SAE) Nuts and Bolts
mm
M6 8 ± 3 N·m (71 ± 27 lb in)
M8 17 ± 5 N·m (13 ± 4 lb ft)
M10 35 ± 5 N·m (26 ± 4 lb ft)
M12 65 ± 10 N·m (48 ± 7 lb ft)
M16 110 ± 20 N·m (80 ± 15 lb ft)
g00908911
Illustration 3
M20 170 ± 30 N·m (125 ± 22 lb ft)
M24 400 ± 60 N·m (300 ± 44 lb ft)
M30 750 ± 80 N·m (550 ± 60 lb ft)
M36 1200 ± 150 N·m (880 ± 110 lb ft)

Note: The following table has the recommended


standard torque values for Metric taperlock studs
for use on Perkins engines.
Table 4
Thread Size
Torque
mm
M6 5 N·m (44 lb in)
M8 11 N·m (97 lb in)
M10 18 N·m (13 lb ft)
M12 25 N·m (18 lb ft)
6
Specifications Section

Table 6 English (SAE) Machine Screws


Thread Size
Torque
Inch
1/4 12 ± 3 N·m (9 ± 2 lb ft)
5/16 25 ± 6 N·m (18 ± 4 lb ft)
3/8 47 ± 9 N·m (35 ± 7 lb ft)
7/16 70 ± 15 N·m (50 ± 11 lb ft)
g00908932
Illustration 4
1/2 105 ± 20 N·m (75 ± 15 lb ft)
9/16 160 ± 30 N·m (120 ± 22 lb ft) Table 8

5/8 215 ± 40 N·m (160 ± 30 lb ft) Thread Size


Torque
No.
3/4 370 ± 50 N·m (275 ± 37 lb ft)
0-80 0.10 ± 0.01 N·m (0.9 ± 0.1 lb in)
7/8 620 ± 80 N·m (460 ± 60 lb ft)
1-64 0.15 ± 0.01 N·m (1.3 ± 0.1 lb in)
1 900 ± 100 N·m (660 ± 75 lb ft)
2-56 0.25 ± 0.02 N·m (2.2 ± 0.2 lb in)
1 1/8 1300 ± 150 N·m (960 ± 110 lb ft)
3-48 0.35 ± 0.05 N·m (3.1 ± 0.4 lb in)
1 1/4 1800 ± 200 N·m (1320 ± 150 lb ft)
4-40 0.50 ± 0.05 N·m (4.4 ± 0.4 lb in)
1 3/8 2400 ± 300 N·m (1780 ± 220 lb ft)
5-40 0.70 ± 0.05 N·m (6.2 ± 0.4 lb in)
1 1/2 3100 ± 350 N·m (2280 ± 260 lb ft)
6-32 0.90 ± 0.10 N·m (8.0 ± 0.9 lb in)
8-32 1.70 ± 0.25 N·m (15.0 ± 2.2 lb in)
English (SAE) Taperlock Studs
10-24 2.25 ± 0.25 N·m (19.9 ± 2.2 lb in)
Table 7
12-24 3.40 ± 0.60 N·m (30.0 ± 5.3 lb in)
Thread Size
Standard Torque
Inch
1/4 8 ± 3 N·m (6 ± 2 lb ft) i01777981

5/16 17 ± 5 N·m (13 ± 4 lb ft) Ground Engaging Tool (G.E.T.)


3/8 35 ± 5 N·m (26 ± 4 lb ft) Fasteners
7/16 45 ± 10 N·m (33 ± 7 lb ft)
SMCS Code: 7553
1/2 65 ± 10 N·m (48 ± 7 lb ft)
Ground Engaging Tools (G.E.T.) are secured by
5/8 110 ± 20 N·m (80 ± 15 lb ft)
many types of bolts. Refer to Table 9 for the correct
3/4 170 ± 30 N·m (125 ± 22 lb ft) torque for the following combinations of fasteners
for G.E.T.:
7/8 260 ± 40 N·m (190 ± 30 lb ft)
1 400 ± 60 N·m (300 ± 44 lb ft) • plow bolts and nuts
1 1/8 525 ± 60 N·m (390 ± 44 lb ft)
• hex head bolts and nuts
1 1/4 750 ± 80 N·m (550 ± 60 lb ft)
1 3/8 950 ± 125 N·m (700 ± 90 lb ft)
1 1/2 1200 ± 150 N·m (880 ± 110 lb ft)
7
Specifications Section

Table 9 i01773025

Thread Size Torque(1) Installation of Fittings


Inch N·m lb ft
SMCS Code: 7553
5/8 inch 270 ± 40 200 ± 30
3/4 inch 475 ± 60 350 ± 45 Note: The tightening sequence of the fasteners that
attach a tube assembly or hose assembly to the
7/8 inch 750 ± 90 550 ± 65 machine is very critical to the proper function of the
1 inch 1150 ± 150 850 ± 110 machine. The sealing surfaces of the tube assembly
or hose assembly should be secured squarely.
1 1/4 inch 2300 ± 300 1700 ± 220 The sealing surfaces of the tube assembly or hose
(1) These values are only for Caterpillar bolts for cutting edges. assembly should be tightened to the serviced
component (control valve, cylinder, hydraulic motor,
etc). Perform this procedure prior to the final
tightening of any clamps or clips that are used
in order to fasten the tube assembly or the hose
Personal injury can result when installing plow assembly to the machine.
bolts. The appropriate safety equipment must be
worn when striking the plow bolts. To avoid injury Fittings have different connections. Fittings may
to your eyes and ears, wear protective glasses and have two completely different ends. Be sure to use
hearing protection during this procedure. the proper torque for the end of the fitting that is
used. The following list contains some common
types of fittings.

• Straight Thread O-Ring (STOR)


• Adjustable Straight Thread O-Ring (STOR)
• O-Ring Face Seal (ORFS)
g00909058
Illustration 5
View of a typical plow bolt
• Tapered Pipe Thread (NPT and NPTF)

Plow bolts must be installed properly. Refer to the


• 37 Degree Flare Fitting
following procedure for the correct installation of
plow bolts.
• 45 Degree Flare Fitting

1. Clean all surfaces that contact the bolt. Remove


• 45 Degree Inverted Flare Fitting
all occurrences of the following conditions:rust,
paint, nicks, and burrs
• Split Flange Coupling

2. Tighten the nut to the correct torque. Refer to Installation of Split Flange
Table 9 for the correct torque. Couplings
3. Use a hammer to strike the head of the bolt. The 1. For a metal tube to hose installation, install the
bolt must be struck with significant force. tube and tighten all bolts finger tight at the rigid
end.
Note: The head of the bolt may be recessed below
the mounting surface. Use a suitable punch in order 2. Install the hose and tighten all bolts finger tight.
to transfer the hammer blow to the bolt head.
3. Put the hose in a position so that the hose does
4. Tighten the nut to the correct torque. Refer to not make contact with the machine or with
Table 9 for the correct torque. another hose.
8
Specifications Section

g00906528 g00906575
Illustration 6 Illustration 7
Elbow body assembly
4. Tighten the bolts on both connections to the (1) End that connects to the tube or hose. (2) Fitting body. (3)
proper torque. Follow the prescribed torque Locknut. (4) Backup washer. (5) O-ring seal. (6) End that is
sequence for split flange connections. Add the assembled to the mating part.
measurement of gap (A) to the measurement
of gap (B). The total must not exceed 4.0 mm 1. Put locknut (3), backup washer (4) and O-ring
(0.16 inch). seal (5) as far back on fitting body (2) as
possible. Hold these components in this position.
5. Start the engine. Turn the fitting into the mating part. Turn the
fitting until backup washer (4) contacts the
6. Move the implement control levers to all of the surface of the mating part.
positions.
2. Put the fitting assembly in the correct position.
7. Look at the hose during movement of the loosen fitting (2) until the correct assembly
implement. Ensure that the hose is not in contact position is achieved. Do not loosen the fitting
with the machine or with other hoses. more than 360 degrees. Install the tube or hose
hand tight in order to verify the orientation of
Note: For hoses that cross an articulation hitch, the fitting. Tighten locknut (3) to the torque that
check for contact during articulation. For hoses that is shown in the correct chart for the fitting that
connect to the steering system, check for contact is used.
during steering.
Note: If the fitting is not adjustable, the hex on the
8. Shut off the engine. body replaces the locknut. To install this type of
fitting, tighten the hex against the face of the mating
9. If the hose contacts other hoses or the machine part.
during the test, loosen the bolts and reposition
the hose. Repeat steps 3 through 8 until there
i01773604
is no contact.
Straight Thread O-Ring Fittings
Installation of Adjustable STOR
SMCS Code: 7553
Fittings
This type of fitting is used in many applications. One
end of the fitting will be an adjustable STOR fitting.
The other end will be different. Always use the same
installation procedure for the STOR end. Adjustable
STOR fittings can be positioned before tightening.

g00911924
Illustration 8

Note: For torques for plugs, refer to Specifications,


“Plugs”.
9
Specifications Section

Table 10 Table 11
Ferrous Straight Thread O-Ring Fitting Thread Size Torque
Torques for Mating with Ferrous Materials Inch
Nominal Outer 5/16 9.0 ± 1.0 N·m (80 ± 9 lb in)
Thread Size Standard
Diameter of
Inch Torque 3/8 17.0 ± 1.5 N·m (12.5 ± 1.1 lb ft)
the Tube
3.18 mm 8.0 ± 1.0 N·m 7/16 23 ± 2 N·m (17 ± 1 lb ft)
5/16 - 24
(.125 inch) (70 ± 9 lb in) 1/2 28 ± 3 N·m (21 ± 2 lb ft)
4.76 mm 12 ± 2 N·m 9/16 34 ± 3 N·m (25 ± 2 lb ft)
3/8 - 24
(.188 inch) (9 ± 1 lb ft)
3/4 60 ± 6 N·m (44 ± 4 lb ft)
6.35 mm 22 ± 2 N·m
7/16 - 20
(.250 inch) (16 ± 1 lb ft) 7/8 115 ± 10 N·m (85 ± 7 lb ft)
7.94 mm 30 ± 3 N·m 1 1/16 140 ± 14 N·m (103 ± 10 lb ft)
1/2 - 20
(.312 inch) (22 ± 2 lb ft)
1 3/16 190 ± 19 N·m (140 ± 14 lb ft)
9.52 mm 48 ± 5 N·m
9/16 - 18 1 5/16 210 ± 20 N·m (155 ± 15 lb ft)
(.375 inch) (35 ± 4 lb ft)
12.70 mm 82 ± 8 N·m 1 5/8 290 ± 25 N·m (215 ± 18 lb ft)
3/4 - 16
(.500 inch) (60 ± 6 lb ft) 1 7/8 325 ± 30 N·m (240 ± 22 lb ft)
15.88 mm 140 ± 14 N·m 2 1/2 420 ± 40 N·m (310 ± 30 lb ft)
7/8 - 14
(.625 inch) (105 ± 10 lb ft)
19.05 mm 190 ± 15 N·m
1 1/16 - 12 Straight Thread O-Ring Plugs
(.750 inch) (140 ± 11 lb ft)
22.22 mm 250 ± 20 N·m (Socket Drive)
1 3/16 - 12
(.875 inch) (185 ± 15 lb ft)
25.40 mm 300 ± 30 N·m
1 5/16 - 12
(1.000 inch) (220 ± 22 lb ft)
31.75 mm 350 ± 35 N·m
1 5/8 - 12
(1.250 inch) (260 ± 26 lb ft)
38.10 mm 415 ± 40 N·m
1 7/8 - 12
(1.500 inch) (305 ± 30 lb ft)
g00912006
Illustration 10
50.80 mm 430 ± 40 N·m
2 1/2 - 12
(2.000 inch) (320 ± 30 lb ft)
Note: The socket may be hexagonal or square.

Note: Use 50 percent of the torque values from


Table 10 when the fitting or the port material is
nonferrous.

i01782872

Plugs
SMCS Code: 7553

Straight Thread O-Ring Plugs (Hex


Drive)

g00911999
Illustration 9
10
Specifications Section

Table 12 Table 13
Thread Size Torque Type of Thread Size Torque
Inch Plug Inch
5/16 5.0 ± 1.0 N·m (44 ± 9 lb in) 1/2 - 13 20 ± 5 N·m (15 ± 4 lb ft)
3/8 11.0 ± 1.0 N·m (97 ± 9 lb in) 5/8 - 11 35 ± 5 N·m (26 ± 4 lb ft)
7/16 16.0 ± 1.5 N·m (12 ± 1 lb ft) A 3/4 - 12 50 ± 5 N·m (37 ± 4 lb ft)
3/4 - 16
1/2 20 ± 2 N·m (15 ± 1 lb ft)
7/8 - 14 70 ± 15 N·m (52 ± 11 lb ft)
9/16 35.0 ± 3.5 N·m (26 ± 3 lb ft) 1 1/8 - 12
3/4 70 ± 7 N·m (52 ± 5 lb ft)
1 5/16 - 12 90 ± 15 N·m (66 ± 11 lb ft)
7/8 100 ± 10 N·m (73 ± 7 lb ft) 1 1/2 - 12
B
1 1/16 170 ± 15 N·m (125 ± 11 lb ft) 2 - 12 125 ± 15 N·m (92 ± 11 lb ft)
1 3/16 215 ± 20 N·m (160 ± 15 lb ft) 1 1/8 - 12 70 ± 15 N·m (52 ± 11 lb ft)
C
1 5/16 270 ± 25 N·m (200 ± 18 lb ft) 1 5/16 - 12 90 ± 15 N·m (66 ± 11 lb ft)
1 5/8 285 ± 25 N·m (2105 ± 185 lb ft) 1/2 - 20 11 ± 4 N·m (97 ± 35 lb in)
1 7/8 370 ± 35 N·m (275 ± 255 lb ft) 7/8 -14 55 ± 7 N·m (41 ± 5 lb ft)
D
2 1/2 415 ± 40 N·m (305 ± 30 lb ft) 1 3/8 -13 90 ± 15 N·m (66 ± 11 lb ft)
1 1/2 - 12 125 ± 15 N·m (92 ± 11 lb ft)
Drain Plugs with Straight Threads
Straight Thread O-Ring
Plugs (Mechanical Joint Tube
Assemblies)

g00912008
Illustration 11

Note: Plug (A), plug (B) and plug (C) are used
with a gasket. Conical seal plug (D) does not use
a gasket.

g00912010
Illustration 12

Note: When you tighten the plug, the torque must


not be transmitted to the joint between the tube and
the elbow.
11
Specifications Section

Table 14 i01777941

Thread Size
Inch
Torque Bulkhead Nuts
7/8 125 ± 15 N·m (92 ± 11 lb ft) SMCS Code: 7553
1 1/16 175 ± 15 N·m (130 ± 11 lb ft)
1 3/16 250 ± 20 N·m (185 ± 15 lb ft)
1 1/4 250 ± 20 N·m (185 ± 15 lb ft)
1 5/16 370 ± 20 N·m (275 ± 15 lb ft)
1 5/8 420 ± 25 N·m (310 ± 20 lb ft)
1 7/8 525 ± 35 N·m (390 ± 25 lb ft)
2 1/2 900 ± 50 N·m (665 ± 40 lb ft)

i01772857

O-Ring Face Seal Fittings Illustration 14 g00909138

Bulkhead connector (ORFS) (1) and bulkhead nut (1A).


SMCS Code: 7553
Note: The bulkhead connector may have different
connections. The type of fluid connection does not
affect the torque for nut (1A).

Note: When you assemble the fluid connection, do


not use the bulkhead nut as leverage for a backup
wrench. Use the hex on the body of the connector
for leverage.

g00906427
Illustration 13
O-ring face seal fitting (ORFS fitting)
(1) O-ring face seal connector
(1A) O-ring groove
(2) O-ring seal
(3) Nut for the O-ring face seal

Table 15
Ferrous ORFS Fitting
Thread Size
Standard Torque for Nut (3)
Inch
9/16 - 18 25 ± 3 N·m (18 ± 2 lb ft)
11/16 - 16 40 ± 4 N·m (30 ± 3 lb ft)
13/16 - 16 55 ± 5 N·m (41 ± 4 lb ft)
1 - 14 86 ± 8 N·m (65 ± 6 lb ft)
1 13/16 - 12 125 ± 15 N·m (90 ± 11 lb ft)
1 7/16 - 12 165 ± 15 N·m (120 ± 11 lb ft)
1 11/16 - 12 200 ± 20 N·m (150 ± 15 lb ft)
2 - 12 245 ± 20 N·m (180 ± 15 lb ft)
12
Specifications Section

Table 16 Table 17
Thread Size Torque Nuts for 37 Degree Flare Fittings
Inch
Nominal Outer
Thread Size Standard
5/16 6 ± 1 N·m (53 ± 9 lb in) Diameter of
Inch Torque
the Tube
3/8 8 ± 1 N·m (71 ± 9 lb in)
3.18 mm 5.0 ± 1.5 N·m
7/16 14 ± 1.5 N·m (10 ± 1 lb ft) 5/16
(.125 inch) (44 ± 13 lb in)
1/2 17 ± 2 N·m (13 ± 1.4 lb ft) 4.76 mm 11 ± 2 N·m
3/8
9/16 22 ± 2 N·m (16 ± 1.4 lb ft) (.188 inch) (100 ± 15 lb in)

11/16 31 ± 3 N·m (23 ± 2 lb ft) 6.35 mm 16 ± 4 N·m


7/16
(.250 inch) (12 ± 3 lb ft)
3/4 37 ± 4 N·m (27 ± 3 lb ft)
7.94 mm 20 ± 5 N·m
1/2
13/16 40 ± 4 N·m (30 ± 3 lb ft) (.312 inch) (15 ± 4 lb ft)
7/8 44 ± 4 N·m (32 ± 3 lb ft) 9.52 mm 25 ± 5 N·m
9/16
(.375 inch) (18 ± 4 lb ft)
1 61 ± 6 N·m (45 ± 4 lb ft)
9.52 mm 35 ± 5 N·m
1 1/16 70 ± 7 N·m (52 ± 5 lb ft) 5/8
(.375 inch) (26 ± 4 lb ft)
1 3/16 91 ± 10 N·m (67 ± 7 lb ft) 12.70 mm 50 ± 7 N·m
3/4
1 5/16 113 ± 10 N·m (83 ± 7 lb ft) (.500 inch) (37 ± 5 lb ft)

1 7/16 125 ± 12 N·m (92 ± 9 lb ft) 15.88 mm 65 ± 7 N·m


7/8
(.625 inch) (48 ± 5 lb ft)
1 5/8 150 ± 15 N·m (110 ± 11 lb ft)
19.05 mm 100 ± 10 N·m
1 1/16
1 11/16 150 ± 15 N·m (110 ± 11 lb ft) (.750 inch) (75 ± 7 lb ft)
1 7/8 155 ± 15 N·m (115 ± 11 lb ft) 22.22 mm 120 ± 10 N·m
1 3/16
(.875 inch) (90 ± 7 lb ft)
2 170 ± 17 N·m (125 ± 13 lb ft)
25.40 mm 135 ± 15 N·m
2 1/2 220 ± 20 N·m (160 ± 15 lb ft) 1 5/16
(1.000 inch) (100 ± 11 lb ft)
31.75 mm 180 ± 15 N·m
1 5/8
i01773459
(1.250 inch) (135 ± 11 lb ft)
38.10 mm 225 ± 15 N·m
Flare Fittings (1.500 inch)
1 7/8
(165 ± 11 lb ft)

SMCS Code: 7553 50.80 mm 320 ± 30 N·m


2 1/2
(2.000 inch) (240 ± 22 lb ft)
The torques in Table 17 are for 37 degree flare
fittings. The torques in Table 18 are for 45 degree Note: Use 50 percent of the torque values from
flare fittings and 45 degree inverted flare fittings. Table 17 when the fitting or the port material is
nonferrous.
37 Degree Flare Fittings
45 Degree Flare and 45 Degree
Inverted Flare Fittings

g00288204
Illustration 15
(1) 37 degree flare fitting. (2) Swivel nuts.
g00288205
Illustration 16
(1) 45 Degree Inverted Flare Fittings. (2) 45 Degree Flare Fittings.
13
Specifications Section

Table 18 Table 19
45 Degree Flare Fittings and 45 Degree Air Conditioning Fittings
Inverted Flare Fittings
O-Ring 45 Degree Flare Fitting
Nominal Outer Thread Fitting End End
Thread Size Standard
Diameter of Size
Inch Torque Torque Torque for
the Tube Inch Torque for Steel Aluminum
3.18 mm 5.0 ± 1.5 N·m Tubes Tubes
5/16
(.125 inch) (44 ± 13 lb in)
14 ± 4 N·m 30 ± 3 N·m 23 ± 3 N·m
5/8 - 18
4.76 mm 8.0 ± 1.5 N·m (10 ± 3 lb ft) (22 ± 2 lb ft) (17 ± 2 lb ft)
3/8
(.188 inch) (70 ± 13 lb in)
27 ± 4 N·m 52 ± 5 N·m 33 ± 4 N·m
3/4 - 16
6.35 mm 11 ± 2 N·m (20 ± 3 lb ft) (38 ± 4 lb ft) (24 ± 4 lb ft)
7/16
(.250 inch) (100 ± 15 lb in)
7/8 - 14 40 ± 4 N·m 60 ± 7 N·m 38 ± 4 N·m
7.94 mm 17 ± 3 N·m 1 - 14 (30 ± 3 lb ft) (44 ± 5 lb ft) (28 ± 3 lb ft)
1/2
(.312 inch) (13 ± 2 lb ft)
45 ± 5 N·m 75 ± 8 N·m 50 ± 5 N·m
1 1/16 - 14
9.52 mm 30 ± 3 N·m (33 ± 4 lb ft) (55 ± 6 lb ft) (37 ± 4 lb ft)
5/8
(.375 inch) (22 ± 2 lb ft)
11.11 mm 30 ± 3 N·m
11/16 i01787775
(.438 inch) (22 ± 2 lb ft)
12.70 mm
3/4
38 ± 4 N·m Air Brake Fittings
(.500 inch) (28 ± 3 lb ft)
15.88 mm 50 ± 5 N·m
SMCS Code: 7553
7/8
(.625 inch) (37 ± 4 lb ft)
19.05 mm 90 ± 8 N·m
1 1/16
(.750 inch) (65 ± 6 lb ft)
22.22 mm 100 ± 10 N·m
1 1/4
(.875 inch) (75 ± 7 lb ft)

g00909062
i01773460 Illustration 18

Air Conditioning Fittings Put nut (1) and sleeve (2) over the tube. Push the
tube into the counterbore of the fitting body as far
SMCS Code: 7553 as possible. There are two methods that may be
used to tighten the nut. Tighten the nut with one of
two methods.

• Tighten nut (1) to the torque that is specified in


Table 20.

• Tighten nut (1) by the number of turns that is


specified in Table 20.
g00288301
Illustration 17
(1) O-ring seal. (2) 45 degree flare fitting.
14
Specifications Section

Table 20 Table 22
Nominal Torque Turn Tightening Tapered Pipe Thread Fittings
Outer
Diameter Nonmetallic Copper Diameter of the Pipe
Tubing Tubing Standard Torque
of the Tube Thread (Inch)

6.35 mm 11 ± 3 N·m 3 2 1/16 N/A


(0.250 inch) (8 ± 2 lb ft)
1/8 10 N·m (89 lb in)
9.53 mm 20 ± 3 N·m 4 2
(0.375 inch) (15 ± 2 lb ft) 1/4 17 N·m (13 lb ft)

12.70 mm 35 ± 6 N·m 4 2 3/8 30 N·m (22 lb ft)


(0.500 inch) (26 ± 44 1/2 30 N·m (22 lb ft)
lb ft)
3/4 45 N·m (33 lb ft)
15.88 mm 40 ± 6 N·m 3 1/2 3
(0.625 inch) (30 ± 4 lb ft) 1 75 N·m (55 lb ft)
19.05 mm 50 ± 6 N·m 3 1/2 3 1 1/4 90 N·m (65 lb ft)
(0.750 inch) (37 ± 4 lb ft)
1 1/2 110 N·m (80 lb ft)
2 130 N·m (95 lb ft)
i01938548

Tapered Pipe Thread Fittings Note: The difference between Caterpillar standard
torque values and Perkins standard torque values
SMCS Code: 7553 is due to different grade of bolts and fasteners.
Caterpillar uses grade 8 bolts and fasteners. Perkins
Torque is based on the diameter of the thread. The uses grade 5 bolts and fasteners.
torque values are identical for coarse threads and
fine threads. Note: Use 50 percent of the torque values from
Table 21 when the fitting, the plug or the port
Note: The following table has the recommended material is nonferrous. Use 50 percent of the torque
standard torque value for tapered pipe thread fitting values from Table 21 when a tapered thread is
for use on Caterpillar and Mitsubishi engines. mating with a straight thread.

Table 21
i01777926
Tapered Pipe Thread Fittings
Standard Torque
Miscellaneous Fittings
Diameter
of the Pipe Threads with SMCS Code: 7553
Threads without
Thread (Inch) 5P-3413 Pipe
Pipe Sealant
Sealant
Hi Duty Tube Fittings (Shear Sleeve)
1/16 10 N·m (90 lb in) 10 N·m (90 lb in)
1/8 16 N·m (12 lb ft) 16 N·m (12 lb ft)
1/4 20 N·m (15 lb ft) 25 N·m (18 lb ft)
3/8 35 N·m (26 lb ft) 45 N·m (33 lb ft)
1/2 45 N·m (33 lb ft) 60 N·m (44 lb ft)
3/4 60 N·m (44 lb ft) 75 N·m (55 lb ft)
g00909648
Illustration 19
1 75 N·m (55 lb ft) 90 N·m (65 lb ft)
1 1/4 90 N·m (65 lb ft) 110 N·m (80 lb ft) Put nut (1) over the tube and push the tube into the
counterbore of the fitting body as far as possible.
1 1/2 110 N·m (80 lb ft) 130 N·m (95 lb ft) Turn the nut with a wrench until a small decrease in
2 130 N·m (95 lb ft) 160 N·m (120 lb ft) torque is felt. The small decrease in torque indicates
that the sleeve (1A) has been broken off of the nut.
Hold the tube in order to prevent the tube from
Note: The following table has the recommended turning. Tighten the nut for an additional 1 1/2 turns.
standard torque values for tapered pipe thread
fittings for use on Perkins engines.
15
Specifications Section

SAE Flareless Fittings i01772810

Hose Clamps
SMCS Code: 7553

Worm Drive Band Type Clamps

g00909647
Illustration 20

Installing a New Flareless Fitting


Put nut (1) and sleeve (2) over the tube. The head
end of the sleeve should be next to the nut. The
head end has a shoulder. Push the tube into the
counterbore of the fitting body as far as possible.
Turn nut (1) clockwise until the sleeve grips the
tube. The sleeve must prevent all movement of the
tube. Tighten the nut for an additional 1 1/4 turns.
The sleeve should be seated and the sleeve should
give a locking action. Illustration 22 g00910017

Installing a Used Flareless Fitting Table 23


Width (A) of Clamp Torque for New Hose
Less turns are required for a used fitting. Put nut (1)
and sleeve (2) over the tube. The head of the sleeve 7.9 mm (0.31 inch) 0.9 ± 0.2 N·m (8 ± 2 lb in)
should be next to the nut. Push the tube into the 13.5 mm (0.53 inch) 4.5 ± 0.5 N·m (40 ± 4 lb in)
counterbore of the fitting body as far as possible.
Tighten the nut until a sudden increase in torque is 15.9 mm (0.63 inch) 7.5 ± 0.5 N·m (65 ± 4 lb in)
felt. Next, tighten the fitting for an additional 1/6 to
Width (A) of Clamp Torque for Reused Hose(1)
1/3 turn in order to seat the sleeve.
7.9 mm (0.31 inch) 0.7 ± 0.2 N·m (6 ± 2 lb in)
Flex Fittings 13.5 mm (0.53 inch) 3.0 ± 0.5 N·m (27 ± 4 lb in)
15.9 mm (0.63 inch) 4.5 ± 0.5 N·m (40 ± 4 lb in)
(1) Use this value when the hose is reused. The clamp may be
new or reused.

Constant Torque Hose Clamps


Use a constant torque hose clamp in place of
Illustration 21
g00909645 any worm drive band type clamp. Ensure that the
constant torque hose clamp is the same size as
Put nut (1) and sleeve (2) over the tube and push the worm drive band type clamp. Due to extreme
the tube into the counterbore of the fitting body temperature changes, the hose will heat set. Heat
as far as possible. Tighten the nut until the nut is setting can cause worm drive band type clamps
against the hex part of the fitting body. to loosen. Loose hose clamps can result in leaks.
There have been reports of component failures
that have been caused by worm drive band type
clamps that have loosened. The constant torque
hose clamp will help prevent these failures.
16
Specifications Section

g00906389
Illustration 23
(1) Constant Torque Hose Clamp (Belleville Washer)
(2) Constant Torque Hose Clamp (Tee bolt and Spring)

Use a torque wrench for proper installation of all


constant torque hose clamps. There are two types
of constant torque hose clamps:Belleville washer
(1) and Tee bolt and spring (2)

When the constant torque hose clamp (belleville


washer) (1) is assembled correctly, the belleville
washers (1A) are nearly collapsed flat. The proper
torque for screw (1B) is based on the diameter (B)
of the clamp. Refer to the following table for the
correct torque.
Table 24
Diameter (B) Standard Torque
Up to 50.8 mm (2 inch) 7.5 ± 0.5 N·m (65 ± 5 lb in)
Greater than 50.8 mm 11 ± 1 N·m (95 ± 10 lb in)
(2 inch)

The correct torque for the constant torque hose


clamp (tee bolt and spring) (2) is 7 ± 1 N·m
(60 ± 10 lb in).
17
Index Section

Index
A O

Air Brake Fittings ................................................... 13 O-Ring Face Seal Fittings ..................................... 11


Air Conditioning Fittings......................................... 13

P
B
Plugs...................................................................... 9
Bulkhead Nuts ....................................................... 11 Drain Plugs with Straight Threads ..................... 10
Straight Thread O-Ring Plugs (Hex Drive)......... 9
Straight Thread O-Ring Plugs (Mechanical Joint
E Tube Assemblies)............................................. 10
Straight Thread O-Ring Plugs (Socket Drive) .... 9
English (SAE) Fasteners ....................................... 5
English (SAE) Machine Screws ......................... 6
English (SAE) Nuts and Bolts ............................ 5 S
English (SAE) Taperlock Studs .......................... 6
Specifications Section ........................................... 4
Straight Thread O-Ring Fittings............................. 8
F

Flare Fittings.......................................................... 12 T
37 Degree Flare Fittings .................................... 12
45 Degree Flare and 45 Degree Inverted Flare Table of Contents................................................... 3
Fittings.............................................................. 12 Tapered Pipe Thread Fittings ................................ 14

General Information............................................... 4
Ground Engaging Tool (G.E.T.) Fasteners............. 6

Hose Clamps ......................................................... 15


Constant Torque Hose Clamps .......................... 15
Worm Drive Band Type Clamps......................... 15

Important Safety Information ................................. 2


Installation of Fittings............................................. 7
Installation of Adjustable STOR Fittings ............ 8
Installation of Split Flange Couplings................. 7

Metric (ISO) Fasteners .......................................... 4


Metric (ISO) Machine Screws ............................ 5
Metric (ISO) Nuts and Bolts ............................... 4
Metric (ISO) Taperlock Studs ............................. 5
Miscellaneous Fittings ........................................... 14
Flex Fittings........................................................ 15
Hi Duty Tube Fittings (Shear Sleeve) ................. 14
SAE Flareless Fittings........................................ 15
18
Index Section
19
Index Section
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