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EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

VAPOR LIQUID EQUILIBRIUM (VLE)

Date Practicum : April 2, 2019 (Group 4)

Name : 1. Nanda Dwi Anggraeni (5213416055)

2. Nur Kholifah Chandra Mulyani (52134160

3. Hanifah (52134160

Vapour-liquid equilibrium thermodynamics is a static condition where the system is not a trend change on the macroscopic scale,
such as the value of temperature, pressure, and chemical potential does not change with time. Application of distillation method
depends on an understanding of the existing balance between the vapor and liquid phases of a mixture. The goals of vapour-
liquid equilibrium experiments is to get the data of binary system VLE ethanol (1) + water (2) isobaric at atmospheric pressure
using Othmer Still modification equipment, calculating the activity coefficient of each of the components involved and compare
the data obtained with model- activity coefficient models NRTL and Wilson.

The method in this experiment show on work step consisting of: the density of ethanol and distilled water samples are calculate
by using the pycnometer. The density value of each liquid is used to know how much the volume of each sample. Then make a
mixture solution from ethanol and distilled water. Pour the mixture into othmer still modified tools. Experiments were conducted
at 95oC using hot plate, the speed of stirring hot plate at 200 rpm, the mass of the mixed solution of 70 grams, the time intervals
are used to ensure constant temperature of the running process is 5 minutes. Meanwhile, the independent variable in this
experiments is a fraction of the ethanol feed of 0.4, the volume of ethanol with the addition of 8 grams (11.299 ml) 3 times in
running the 2nd to the 4th.

In this experiments, there are correlation ethanol’s fraction, temperature, distillate density and bottom product density. The
correlation between ethanol fractions and temperature from the experimental data shows that the mole fraction of ethanol feed is
increasing while the resulting equilibrium temperature decreases approaching the boiling point of pure ethanol. These results are
consistent with the theory that the larger the mole fraction of ethanol feed, then the temperature will decrease, and this is because
ethanol is volatile with a boiling point of 78.32 ° C while the water is non-volatile with a boiling point of 100o C. The volatile
nature of ethanol affects the azeotropic point of the ethanol + water solution. Increasing volatility would shift or eliminate the
azeotropic point of the ethanol + water. The condition affects the temperature of the ethanol + water solution. The correlation
sbetween ethanol fraction with distillate and bottom product density. In this experiment the data show that the greater the mole
fraction of ethanol then the density of the bottom product is increasing while distillate decline. This is not consistent with the
theory that the larger the mole fraction of ethanol then the distillate and bottom product density decreases. The vapour-liquid
equilibrium of ethanol-aquades solution is the concentration of ethanol in the distillate will decrease if the equilibrium
temperature increases due to unwanted water vapor is formed in large quantities so that the fraction of the distilled water into the
distillate condensed and more. At the bottom product, the equilibrium temperature is not in accordance with the literature because
at the time the electrical experiments in the laboratory die moment that causes the hotplate temperature becomes unstable.

Vapour-liquid equilibrium ethanol-aquades from the experiments shows that mole fraction of ethanol feed is increasing while the
resulting equilibrium temperature decreases approaching the boiling point of pure ethanol. In this experiment the greater the mole
fraction of ethanol then the density of the bottom product is increasing while distillate decline but it is not consistent with the
theory that the larger the mole fraction of ethanol then the distillate and bottom product density decreases. The higher the
equilibrium temperature of ethanol fraction decrease.