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PRAYER DURING TRAVEL

Institut Islam Mambaul ‘ulum Surakarta


Dosen Pengampu :
Yetty Faridatul Ulfah, M.Hum

Disusun Oleh :

Annisa’ Fidiyatuddien ( X.03/18.19/T/02.1376 )

Asma Aisyatun Nisa ( X.03/18.19/T/02.1378 )

Ervina Pratiwi ( X.03/18.19/T/02.1382 )

Fadhilah Wardatul Muslimah ( X.03/18.19/T/02.1383 )

Shohifatun Nadhifah ( X.02/18.19/T/02.1408 )

Rozanah Al-Mumtahanah M.A ( X.03/18.19/T/02.1444 )

FAKULTAS TARBIYAH

INSTITUT ISLAM MAMBA`UL ULUM (IIM)

SURAKARTA

2018/2019
CHAPTER XX
PRAYER DURING TRAVEL

The five daily prayers in Islam should be offered at a certain time when a Muslim is at home or
is not travelling. However sometimes it is necessary to travel from place to place or from one
country to another. During the travel perhaps there are no facilities for preparing oneself for
prayer, or the timing of the travel will interfere with the proper performance of prayer.

Islam therefore allows a Muslim, when travelling from one place to another, to join two prayers
together at one time, such as Zuhur and Asr at the time Zuhur or Asr. But if a muslim decides to
join two prayers together at the latter time, he should have the intention during the time of the
first prayer of joining the two prayers later.

The same permission is also given to Muslim to join the sunset and the night prayers whilst
travelling. A Muslim has the right to join the two prayers together either at the time of the
beginning of the first prayer or the time of the latter. But there are some conditions which must
be fulfilled, i.e the travelling must be of a certain length and must have a worthy purpose.

In order to make it simpler for a Muslim to perform his prayer duties, it is permission to offer
Zuhur and Asr each of two re’kaats instead of four and also the night prayer, Isha. These are the
ordinary cases in which Islam allows us to shorten prayers and join them together. But in some
other cases permission is also given to join two prayers together, such as illness or when heavy
rain prevents people from getting to the mosque as usual, or when there is excessive heat. These
are sufficient reason.

The previous permission to join prayers together and to shorten them has been taken from the
verse of the holy Qur’an which says: “When you travel throughout the world, there is no blame
attached to you if you shorten your prayer for fear that the unbeliever my attack you, for the
unbelievers are born enemies into you.
According to this verse, it seems that if there is no fear during the travel, there is no need to
shorten the prayers, and this was commented upon by Omar, the second caliph, who was asked
why God gave us permission to shorten and join together prayers. Omar replied that he too had
wondered the same thing and said: “Then I mentioned this to the prophet (peace be upon him)
and his answer was that this must be considered as one of the mercies of God: we have to accept
it.

VOCABULARY

To offer (the prayer) : memanjatkan, mengabdikan

Facility : kesempatan, kemudahan

To interfere : mengganggu, mencampuri

Intention : maksud, tujuan, niat

Excessive : berlebihan, terlalu, sangat

To attach : memberikan, mengikatkan

SHOLAT SELAMA PERJALANAN

Sholat lima waktu dalam Islam harus dilakukan pada waktu tertentu ketika seorang Muslim di
rumah atau tidak bepergian. Namun terkadang perlu melakukan perjalanan dari satu tempat ke
tempat lain atau dari satu negara ke negara lain. Selama perjalanan mungkin tidak ada fasilitas
untuk mempersiapkan diri untuk bersholat, atau waktu perjalanan akan mengganggu kinerja
sholat yang tepat.

Oleh karena itu Islam memungkinkan seorang Muslim, ketika bepergian dari satu tempat ke
tempat lain, untuk menggabungkan (menjama’) dua sholat bersama pada satu waktu, seperti
Zuhur dan Asr pada saat Zuhur atau Asr. Tetapi jika seorang muslim memutuskan untuk
menggabungkan dua (menjama’) sholat bersama pada waktu yang terakhir, dia harus memiliki
niat selama waktu sholat pertama untuk menggabungkan dua sholat nanti.
Izin yang sama juga diberikan kepada Muslim untuk menggabungkan (menjama’) sholat saat
matahari terbenam (maghrib) dan sholat malam (isya’) sambil bepergian. Seorang Muslim
memiliki hak untuk menggabungkan (menjama’) dua sholat bersama baik pada saat awal sholat
pertama atau waktu yang terakhir. Tetapi ada beberapa kondisi yang harus dipenuhi, yaitu
perjalanan harus dengan panjang tertentu dan harus memiliki tujuan yang layak.

Untuk membuatnya lebih mudah bagi seorang Muslim untuk melakukan tugas sholatnya, ada
izin untuk melakukan Zuhur dan Ashr masing-masing dua re'kaats bukan empat dan juga sholat
malam, Isha. Ini adalah kasus-kasus biasa di mana Islam memungkinkan kita mempersingkat
(mengqoshor) sholat dan menggabungkan mereka bersama. Tetapi dalam beberapa kasus lain,
izin juga diberikan untuk menggabungkan (menjama’) dua sholat bersama, seperti saat sakit atau
ketika hujan lebat mencegah orang-orang pergi ke masjid seperti biasanya, atau ketika ada panas
yang berlebihan. Ini adalah alasan yang cukup.

Izin sebelumnya untuk menggabung (menjama’) sholat bersama dan untuk mempersingkat
(menjama’) mereka telah diambil dari ayat Al-Qur'an yang mengatakan: "Ketika Anda
melakukan perjalanan ke seluruh dunia, tidak ada kesalahan yang melekat pada Anda jika Anda
mempersingkat sholat Anda karena takut bahwa kafir menyerang Anda, karena orang-orang kafir
terlahir sebagai musuh bagi Anda.”

Menurut ayat ini, tampaknya jika tidak ada rasa takut selama perjalanan, tidak perlu
mempersingkat sholat, dan ini dikomentari oleh Omar, khalifah kedua, yang ditanya mengapa
Tuhan memberi kami izin untuk mempersingkat dan menggabung dua sholat bersama. Omar
menjawab bahwa dia juga bertanya-tanya hal yang sama dan berkata: “Kemudian saya
menyebutkan ini kepada Nabi (saw) dan jawabannya adalah bahwa ini harus dianggap sebagai
salah satu kemurahan Tuhan: kita harus menerimanya.”
EXERCISE

A. Read the text above then answer the following questions


1. Should the five daily prayers be performed at certain or fixed times? Could you mention
this five times in English?
Yes, the five daily prayers should be performed at certain or fixed times. The first is
Shubuh at the morning before sunrise, The second is Dzuhur at noon, The third is Ashar
at afternoon, The fourth is Maghrib at evening after sunset, and The last is Isya’ at night.
2. When a Muslim is traveling, should he perform his prayers five times? Why?
No, He shouldn't. Islam therefore allows a Muslim, when travelling from one place to
another, to join two prayers together at one time. Because During the travel perhaps there
are no facilities for preparing oneself for prayer, or the timing of the travel will interfere
with the proper performance of prayer
3. What facilities are used in performing prayers?
Place and time performing the prayer
4. What reasons are mentioned in the text that a Muslim traveler is allowed to join prayers
together?
The reason is during the travel perhaps there are no facilities for preparing oneself for
prayer, or the timing of the travel will interfere with the proper performance of prayer
5. What prayers are allowed to be joined?
Dzuhur-Ashar, Maghrib-Isya'
6. What must a Muslim traveler do if he wants to join prayers at latter time?
If he wants to join prayers at latter time, he should have the intention during the time of
the first prayer of joining the two prayers late
7. Besides traveling, are there any situations which allow a Muslim to join prayers together?
What situations are these?
Yes, there are any situations which allow a Muslim to join prayers together, such as
illness or when heavy rain prevents people from getting to the mosque as usual, or when
there is excessive heat
8. Besides joining two prayers, is there any other concession for a Muslim traveler? What is
it?
Yes, there are any other concession. These are the ordinary cases in which Islam allows
Muslim to shorten prayers and join them together
9. What is the source (religion source) of these concessions?
The source of these concessions is from the verse of the holy Qur’an which says: “When
you travel throughout the world, there is no blame attached to you if you shorten your
prayer for fear that the unbeliever my attack you, for the unbelievers are born enemies
into you."
10. What conditions should be fulfilled by Muslim travelers in order to be allowed to join
two prayers together?
The conditions should be fulfilled by Muslim travelers in order to be allowed to join two
prayers together is the travelling must be of a certain length and must have a worthy
purpose

B. Text Discussion
Fill in the blanks below and relate to the text above!
1. The text above talks about ……
The concession for Muslim to join two prayers together
2. The first paragraph tells us about
The five daily prayers in Islam should be offered at a certain time when a Muslim is at
home or is not travelling
3. The second paragraph tells us about
Islam allows a Muslim, when travelling from one place to another, to join two prayers
together at one time
4. The third paragraph tells us about
There are some conditions which must be fulfilled to join the two prayers, that the
travelling must be of a certain length and must have a worthy purpose.
5. The fourth paragraph tells us about
In some other cases permission is also given to join two prayers together, such as illness
or when heavy rain prevents people from getting to the mosque as usual, or when there
is excessive heat
6. The last paragraph tells us about
The previous permission to join prayers together and to shorten them has been taken
from the verse of the holy Qur’an.
7. The conditions that must be fulfilled when a Muslim wants to join prayers are
The travelling must be of a certain length and must have a worthy purpose.
8. The four prayers that can be joined are
Dzuhur-Ashar, maghrib-isya'
9. The three prayers that can be shortened are
Dzuhur, ashar, and isya
10. The concessions in these prayers are one of the mercies of God, the most merciful.

C. References

Explain the words in italics by referring to the context above.

1. “When travelling from one place to another”.


Another refers to place
2. “…to join two prayers together at the latter time”.
The latter time refers to last
3. He should have the intention during the time of the first prayer.
He refers to a Muslim
4. “The same permission is also given to Muslim…”
The same permission refers to the permission to join two prayer
5. “But there are some conditions which must be fulfilled”
Some conditions refers to A Muslim has the right to join the two prayers together
either at the time of the beginning of the first prayer or the time of the latter
6. “…to shorten them has been taken from the verse of the holy Qur’an.”
Them refers to prayers
7. “According to this verse, it seems that if there is no fear during the travel, there is no need
to shorten the prayers.”
The prayers refers to Dzuhur-Ashar, Isya’-Maghrib.
8. “…and this was commented upon by Omar, the second caliph.”
This refers to the permission to join two prayers
9. “…who was asked why God gave us permission to shorten and join together prayers.”
Us refers to Muslims
10. “Then I mentioned this to the prophet, and his answer was that this must be considered as
one of the mercies of God: we have to accept it.
I refers to Oemar
this refers to the permission to join two prayers
his refers to Muhammad SAW
this refers to the permission to join two prayers
it refers to the permission to join two prayers

D. Vocabulary Enrichment

Find in the blanks using the words from the text above!

1. It is important to do some exercise every day.


2. The birds are flying south for the winter.
3. Why didn’t you join the English club yesterday?
4. I want to attend the party tonight.
5. Mr. Ali did not give me a permission to leave his class.
6. Tom's health worsened. He looks so pale that he must get some rest.
7. Children are not permitted swimming in the beach alone.
8. To offer Hajj, we need some preparations either physically or mentally.
9. Ahmad had no appetite because of his illness.
10. She's been trying to overcome her fear of flying.