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RSCIT Book Lesson- 2.


(Computer System)


- Data, Hardware, Software, (Procedure),
People.

➤ (Data): , ,
➤ (Hardware): औ
- , , , ,
➤ (Software):
, ,ए
➤ (Procedure): ढ़
-

➤ (People):
Input Device :-

- , , ,

➨ म म -

1. (Keyboard) : ए औ Keys
-
➔ F1 F12 Function Keys
➔ !, @, #, $, %, *, ?, :, ", Symbol keys
➔ A to Z : Alphabet Keys.
➔ 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, Numerical keys
➔ Num Lock, Caps Lock, Scroll Lock Keys
On/Off Toggle ( ) Keys

➔ Ctrl, Alt Keys Combination keys


keys ए

➔ Navigation Keys- Arrow Keys (←,↑,→,↓)


2. (Scanner) : ,

3. म (MIDI) : Musical Instrument Digital Interface



4. म (Magnetic Ink Character
Recognition) : MICR ए

5. म (OMR) : - Optical Mark Reader

औ OMR Sheet औ

6. (OCR) : Optical Character
Recognition ए ए

7. (Bar Code Reader) : [BCR] ए औ




8. (Speech Recognition Device) :


9. म (Webcam) :

म - Pointing Input Device म :-
➭ (GUI), ,

➭ ए (USB)

➭ -Mouse, Trackball, Touch pad, Graphical


Table, Joystick, Touch Screen Etc.

1. म (Mouse) :

➭ User ए

➭ ए ,

➭ ,

➭ ए औ

➭ (Wireless) ,

➭ ए (Scroll Wheel) GUI

➭ PC (Traditional PC) ,
(Macintosh) ए
2. - (Touch Pad) :

3. (Track Point) : ए

4. (TrackBall) : ए

5. (Joystick) : ए

6. (Graphics Tablet) : ए

➨ म म -

झ - Monitor, Printer, Plotter, Speaker etc.

1. म (Monitor) :-
औ झ औ ढ़

म म म
A. CRT Monitor
B. Flat Panel Monitor
A. CRT Monitor : ए

B. Flat Panel Monitor : -


ए LCD औ LED. LCD Full Form- (Liquid
Crystal Display) औ LED Full Form- म (Light
Emitting Diode) औ CRT

म Thin Film Transistor (TFT)
2. (Printer) :

ए (Dots Per
Inch)
म म -
A.
B.

A. : औ
➽ - म
औ -
औ ए
औ -

➽ - ए ए
औ म
200 2000 म

B. : ए
म - , , म

➽ - -
औ ए -
,
➽ - औ
म म
, - औ
PPM (
म )
➽ म - म
मम ए औ
(Heat Sensitive Paper)

2. (Plotter) :-
, म

3. (Speaker) :- ए औ
म औ
4. म म (Multimedia Projector) :-
ए -म ,

➨ औ म
म म -
1. म (Fax Machine) :

2. म (MFD Device) : 2

ए - , औ

MFD Device

3. म म (Modem) : ए

, म औ
➨ मम (Computer Memory)-

मम
1.
2. /
3.

1. मम (Cache Memory) :
ढ़ औ

मम म -

2. म मम /म मम (Main Memory) :

मऔ म

म मम -
⇒ म (RAM- Random Access Memory) : [
] ए RAM

म म -
(DRAM)
(SRAM)

⇒ म (ROM- Read Only Memory) :


RAM -
PROM- Programmable Read-Only Memory

EPROM- Erasable Programmable Read-Only Memory

EEPROM- Electrically Erasable Programmable Read-Only Memory

3. मम (Secondary Memory) : ए



मम -
→ औ



→ औ

- (HDD)

⇒ (HDD) : (Hard Disk Drive)


औ ए

Hard Disk Drive - 250GB, 500GB, 1TB


HDD

⇒ (Optical Disk) : ए

- - (CD-R/WORM), -
(CD-RW), (DVD),

CD-R / WORM Disk-


CD-R- Compact Disk Recordable
WORM- Write Once Read Many -ए
,औ - ढ़

CD-RW-
CD-RW- Compact Disk-Read Write
- औ
DVD-
DVD- Digital Video/Versatile Disc
CD -
4.7 GB, 8.5 GB
"ए "औ " "

Blu-Ray Disk -

25GB 50GB

(Pen Drive)/Flash Memory -



USB (Universal Serial
Bus)

म म (Smart Media Card) -


(Secure Digital Card- SD Card) -


ढ़ औ

-
MiniSD Card
MicroSD Card