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Cornelsen

English for Mechanical Engineering


B2 Course Book

English for Mechanical Engineering is a skills-


based course designed specifically for
students enrolled in mechanical engineering
degree programs. It provides carefully graded
practice and progression in the key academic
skills that all students need, such as listening
to lectures and speaking in seminars. It also
equips students with the specialist language
they require to participate successfully within
a mechanical engineering department.
Extensive listening exercises come from
mechanical engineering lectures, and all
reading texts are taken from the same field of
study. There is also a focus throughout on the
key mechanical engineering vocabulary that
students will encounter during their studies
and careers.

• 12 units covering diverse topics such as Forces on materials, Wind turbines and Water
engineering.
• Listening: how to understand and take effective notes on extended lectures, including how
to follow the argument and identify the speaker’s point of view.
• Speaking: how to participate effectively in a variety of realistic situations, from seminars to
presentations, including how to develop an argument and use stance markers.
• Reading: how to understand a wide range of texts, from academic texts, technical
documents and reports to Internet articles, including how to analyze complex sentences and
identify such things as the writer’s stance.
• Writing: how to produce coherent and well-structured assignments, including such skills as
paraphrasing and the use of appropriate academic phrases.
• Vocabulary: a wide range of activities to develop student’s knowledge and use of key
vocabulary, both in the field of mechanical engineering and of academic study in general.
• Vocabulary and Skills banks: a reference resource to provide students with revision of the
key words and phrases and skills presented in the unit.
• Glossary: over 380 technical terms accompanied by a sample sentence and German
translation.
• 2 Audio CDs complete with all recordings form the Course Book.
• Website to the book with useful Internet resources: www.cornelsen.de/eng-mech

Source: http://www.cornelsen.de/hos/reihe/1.c.2556899.de/titel/9783065203296
BOOK MAP
    1   What is engineering?  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6

Topics  |  definition of engineering  •  branches of engineering Skills focus


•  the history of mechanical engineering Listening  |  preparing for a lecture  •  predicting lecture content from
Vocabulary focus  |  w
 ords from general English with a special the introduction  •  understanding lecture organization
meaning in engineering  •  prefixes and •  choosing an appropriate form of notes  •  making
suffixes lecture notes
Speaking  |  speaking from notes

    2   Engineering achievements  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Topics  |  engineering achievements in the 20th century Skills focus
•  refrigeration and air conditioning  •  codes and standards Reading  |  using research questions to focus on relevant information
for machines in a text  •  using topic sentences to get an overview of
Vocabulary focus  |  E nglish–English dictionaries: headwords the text
· definitions · parts of speech · phonemes Writing  |  writing topic sentences  •  summarizing a text
· stress markers · countable/uncountable
· transitive/intransitive

    3   Forces on materials  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Topics  |  materials in engineering  •  forces on materials: stress and Skills focus
strain  •  five types of forces Listening  |  preparing for a lecture  •  predicting lecture content
Vocabulary focus  |  s tress patterns in multi-syllable words •  making lecture notes  •  using different sources
•  prefixes Speaking  |  reporting research findings  •  formulating questions

    4   MEMS and nanotechnology    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30


Topics  |  features of MEMS and nanotechnologies  •  design and Skills focus
applications  •  safety and ethical issues concerning Listening  |  understanding ‘signpost language’ in
nanotechnology lectures  •  using symbols and abbreviations in
Vocabulary focus  |  w
 ord sets: synonyms, antonyms, etc. note-taking
•  the language of trends  •  common lecture Speaking  |  making effective contributions to a seminar
language

    5   Friction  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
Topics  |  characteristics and types of friction  •  uses of friction in Skills focus
mechanical engineering design  •  tribology Reading  |  locating key information in complex sentences
Vocabulary focus  |  s ynonyms, replacement subjects, etc., for Writing  |  reporting findings from other sources: paraphrasing
sentence-level paraphrasing •  writing complex sentences

    6   The future of cars: battery power  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46


Topics  |  battery production  •  car technologies: internal combustion Skills focus
engine, electric motors and hybrids  •  research and Listening  |  understanding speaker emphasis
development
Speaking  |  asking for clarification  •  responding to queries and
Vocabulary focus  |  c ompound nouns  •  fixed phrases from requests for clarification
mechanical engineering  •  fixed phrases from
academic English  •  common lecture language

    7   Engineering and sustainability  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54


Topics  |  concepts in engineering and sustainability  •  sustainability Skills focus
challenges for engineering Reading  |  understanding dependent clauses with passives
Vocabulary focus  |  s ynonyms  •  nouns from verbs  •  definitions Writing  |  paraphrasing  •  expanding notes into complex sentences
•  common ‘direction’ verbs in essay titles •  recognizing different essay/writing assignment
(discuss, analyze, evaluate, etc.) types/structures: descriptive · analytical
· comparison/evaluation · argument
•  writing essay plans  •  writing essays
BOOK MAP

    8   Health and safety  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62


Topics  |  health and safety regulations  •  health and safety in the Skills focus
workplace  •  case studies: oil rig disasters  •  case study: Listening  |  using the Cornell note-taking system  •  recognizing
rail accident digressions in lectures
Vocabulary focus  |  fixed phrases from health and safety Speaking  |  making effective contributions to a seminar  •  referring
•  fixed phrases from academic English to other people’s ideas in a seminar

    9   Accident analysis in construction  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70


Topics  |  case study: Hyatt Regency Hotel collapse  •  case studies: Skills focus
‘design and build’ contracts Reading  |  recognizing the writer’s stance and level of confidence or
Vocabulary focus  |  ‘neutral’ and ‘marked’ words  •  technical and tentativeness  •  inferring implicit ideas
semi-technical words from engineering •  fixed Writing  |  writing situation–problem–solution–evaluation
phrases from academic English essays/writing assignments  •  using direct quotations
•  compiling a bibliography/reference list

  10   Wind turbines  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78


Topics  |  development of wind power  •  wind turbines: design Skills focus
problems and solutions  •  horizontal and vertical axis Listening  |  recognizing the speaker’s stance  •  writing up notes
turbines in full
Vocabulary focus  |  words/phrases used to link ideas (moreover, Speaking  |  building an argument in a seminar
as a result, etc.)  •  stress patterns in noun •  agreeing/disagreeing
phrases and compounds  •  fixed phrases from
academic English  •  words/phrases related
to wind energy and wind turbines

  11   Water engineering  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86


Topics  |  types of water and water distribution  •  desalination Skills focus
technologies  •  laboratory report: flow in pipes Reading  |  understanding how ideas in a text are linked
Vocabulary focus  |  definitions  •  referring back using pronouns •  note‑making from texts  •  labelling a diagram
and synonyms  •  words/phrases to describe Writing  |  writing a comparison summary from notes  •  writing a
mechanical processes in water engineering laboratory report section from notes
•  common verb + noun phrases used in
laboratory reports

  12   Job applications for mechanical engineering students  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94


Topics  |  career paths in mechanical engineering Skills focus
•  working abroad  •  applying for a job in the field Reading  |  analyzing job advertisements  •  recognizing the structure
of mechanical engineering of curriculum vitae and covering letters
Vocabulary focus  |  powerful adjectives and action verbs  •  action Writing  |  using powerful adjectives and action verbs to describe skills
words for specific skills  •  CV and covering and experience  •  writing curriculum vitae and covering
letter vocabulary letters

  Appendix   … ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 102


Additional material… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 102
Transcripts… ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 109
Glossary… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 121
Acknowledgements… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 136