You are on page 1of 30
31: a) b) Since the voltage sinusoidal, the average is zero. 31.2: a) b) c) The root-mean-square voltage is always greater than the rectified average, because squaring the current before averaging, then square-rooting to get the root-mean-square value will always give a larger value than just averaging, 31.3: a) b) °) ot] 0.05 Logi) OO eel oon $ 0.00 0.002 100200500. 1000 20005000 10000 Log lel 31.4: a) » °) ) oa : os Logit) °2 ear ® 0.05 002 100200500 1000 20005000 10006 Log [ul 31.5: a) » 4d) 31.6: a) b) °) 317 31.9: a) 6 31.10: a) b) To find the voltage across the resistor we need to know the current, which can be found from the capacitor (remembering that itis out of phase by from the capacitor’s voltage). 31.11: a) If b) When ©) When d) The graph of Y against is on the following page.