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TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. GENERAL .................................................................................................................................................................. 3
1.1 INTRODUCTION............................................................................................................................................................. 3
1.2 PURPOSE..................................................................................................................................................................... 3
1.3 DEFINITIONS ................................................................................................................................................................ 3
2. CODES AND STANDARDS .......................................................................................................................................... 4

3. REFERENCE DOCUMENTS ......................................................................................................................................... 5

4. DOCUMENT PRECEDENCE ........................................................................................................................................ 5

5. SPECIFICATION DEVIATION/CONCESSION CONTROL ................................................................................................ 5

6. QUALITY ASSURANCE/QUALITY CONTROL ............................................................................................................... 6

7. DOCUMENTATION ................................................................................................................................................... 6

8. SUBCONTRACTORS/SUBVENDORS ........................................................................................................................... 7

9. HANDLING ............................................................................................................................................................... 7
9.1 PACKAGING AND SHIPPING ............................................................................................................................................. 7
9.2 PRESERVATION AND STORAGE ......................................................................................................................................... 8
10. GENERAL DESIGN ................................................................................................................................................. 8
10.1 GENERAL REQUIREMENTS............................................................................................................................................... 8
10.2 ALLOWABLE STRESSES ................................................................................................................................................... 9
10.3 MATERIALS .................................................................................................................................................................. 9
10.4 WELDING .................................................................................................................................................................... 9
10.5 ELEMENT IDENTIFICATION AND DIMENSIONS .................................................................................................................... 10
10.6 INSTALLATION AND OPERATION ..................................................................................................................................... 11
10.7 PIPE GUIDES .............................................................................................................................................................. 11
10.8 PIPE CLAMPS ............................................................................................................................................................. 12
10.9 LARGE PIPE DIAMETERS ............................................................................................................................................... 12
10.10 TEFLON SLIDE PLATES .............................................................................................................................................. 12
10.11 CORROSION CONTROL ............................................................................................................................................. 13
10.12 SUPPORTS FOR INSULATED LINES ............................................................................................................................... 13
10.13 EQUIPMENT AND MAINTENANCE CONSIDERATIONS....................................................................................................... 13
11. PAINTING ............................................................................................................................................................13

12. TESTING ..............................................................................................................................................................14

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1. GENERAL

1.1 Introduction
This specification describes the minimum requirements for design, manufacture, testing and supply
of the fabricated elements for support and control of piping systems and components for the ABU
DHABI GAS INDUSTRIES LTD. (GASCO) facilities.
This specification supplements the Piping Standard Drawings STD 1300-001 and STD 1381-010 or
the Fabrication Detail Drawings.

1.2 Purpose
The purpose of this specification is to ensure consistency in selection and design of the piping
supports and support elements. The requirements outlined herein are supplementary to the
Specification Drawing Sheets. Together they comprise the specification for design, material
selection, fabrication, inspection and packaging for the following elements and their accessories:
 Constant effort spring hangers and supports
 Variable spring hangers and supports
 Rod hangers, pipe shoes, guides, anchors, clamps, axial restraints, three-way restraints
 Base elbow supports, miscellaneous supports
 Struts, rollers, low friction slide supports or special elements

1.3 Definitions
Where used in this specification, the following terms shall have the meanings indicated below
unless otherwise clearly indicated by context of their use.
COMPANY – ABU DHABI GAS INDUSTRIES LTD. (GASCO)
CONCESSION REQUEST – A deviation requested by the CONTRACTOR or VENDOR, usually
after receiving the contract package or purchase order. Often, it refers to an authorization to use,
repair, recondition, reclaim, or release materials, components or equipment already in progress or
completely manufactured but which does not meet or comply with COMPANY requirements. A
CONCESSION REQUEST is subject to COMPANY approval.
CONTRACTOR – The party(s) which carries out all or part of the design, engineering, procurement,
construction, commissioning or management of the PROJECT.
DRAWINGS – Drawings provided by the CONTRACTOR/VENDOR.
MANUFACTURER/VENDOR/SUPPLIER – The party which manufactures and/or supplies the
material/equipment, and provides technical documents/drawings and services to perform the duties
specified by COMPANY/CONTRACTOR.
PROJECT – (To be defined)
SHALL and SHOULD - The word „Shall‟ is to be understood as a mandatory and the word „Should‟
as strongly recommended to comply with the requirements of this document.
SUBCONTRACTOR/SUBVENDOR/SUBSUPPLIER – The party(s) which carry(s) out all or part of
the design, procurement, installation and testing of the System(s) as specified by the
CONTRACTOR/VENDOR.
BASE SUPPORT OR PIPE STANCHION - A dummy pipe with base plate welded to the pipe. The
pipe dummy will rest on the supporting structure and so support the pipe. When considerable site
adjusting is required, the pipe stanchion may be of the 2-piece type, welded together after
adjustment.

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CONSTANT LOAD SUPPORT - A spring loaded support assembly or device designed such that the
supporting effort is constant over the total travel of the support. Constant load supports are mainly
used in pipes connected to strain sensitive equipment or for critical systems with large movements.
VARIABLE LOAD SUPPORT - A spring loaded support assembly shall have travel scales with
provisions for marking „hot” and “cold” settings. Unit load rating shall be in the form of load scales or
indicated operating load and spring rate.
HANGAR - A support suspended from concrete floors, beams etc.
PIPE SHOE OR CRADLE - A pipe support welded or clamped to a pipe.
SNUBBER - A shock absorbing device, allowing the pipe to freely and slowly move whilst absorbing
sudden shocks (e.g. seismic). It may be of the hydraulic, spring loaded or verge and verge wheel
type.
SWAY STRUT - An adjustable device, usually applied for restraining movement of piping in one
direction while providing for movement in another direction.
SPRING HANGER - A suspended spring loaded support.

2. CODES AND STANDARDS


The following codes and standards, to the extent specified herein, form a part of this specification.
When an edition date is not indicated for a code or standard, the latest edition in force at the time of
contract award shall apply.

AMERICAN SOCIETY OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERS (ASME)


ASME B31.1 Power piping
ASME B31.3 Process Piping
ASME B31.4 Pipeline Transportation Systems for Liquid Hydrocarbons and Other
Liquids
ASME B31.8 Gas Transmission and Distribution Piping Systems

AMERICAN SOCIETY OF TESTING MATERIALS (ASTM)


ASTM A240 Standard Specification for Chromium and Chromium-Nickel Stainless
Steel Plate, Sheet, and Strip for Pressure Vessels and for General
Applications
MANUFACTURERS STANDARDIZATION SOCIETY OF THE VALVE AND FITTINGS INDUSTRY (MSS)
MSS SP-58 Pipe Hangers and Supports - Materials, Design, Manufacture, Selection,
Application and Installation
MSS SP-69 Pipe Hangers and Supports - Selection and Application
MSS SP-89 Pipe Hangers and Supports-Fabrication and Installation Practices

PIPE FABRICATION INSTITUTE (PFI)


PFI ES-26 Welded Load Bearing Attachments to Pressure Retaining Piping
Materials.

INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS ORGANIZATION (ISO)


BS EN ISO 9001 Quality Management Systems – Requirements
BS EN ISO 9004 Quality Management Systems – Guidelines for Performance
Improvements

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3. REFERENCE DOCUMENTS
The following reference documents, to the extent specified herein, form a part of this specification.
When an edition date is not indicated for a document, the latest edition in force at the time of
VENDOR‟S proposal submittal shall apply.
Design General Specifications
DGS 1300-010 Piping Systems (Piping Classes)
DGS 1300-040 General Piping - Process and Utility Design Layout and Drawings
DGS 1300-060 Piping Flexibility Analysis
DGS 1300-175 Galvanizing
DGS 1300-185 Fabrication, Handling and Installation Process and Utility Piping
DGS 1300-190 Traceability of Shop and Field Fabricated Piping Materials
DGS 6300-001 Welding and NDE of Piping Systems
DGS 6600-010 Painting
DGS 6710-001 Preservation and Export Packing
STD 1300-001 Piping Standard Drawings
STD 1381-010 Piping Supports Drawings

4. DOCUMENT PRECEDENCE
It shall be the CONTRACTOR, MANUFACTURER, OR VENDOR‟S responsibility to be, or to
become, knowledgeable of the requirements of the referenced codes and standards.
The CONTRACTOR shall notify the COMPANY of any apparent conflict between this specification,
the related specification/drawing sheets, the Codes and Standards and any other specifications
noted herein. Resolution and/or interpretation of precedence shall be obtained from the COMPANY
in writing before proceeding with the design/manufacture.
In case of conflict, the order of precedence shall be:
 Equipment Data Sheets(s)
 This Specification
 Project Specifications and Standards
 Industry Codes and Standards

5. SPECIFICATION DEVIATION/CONCESSION CONTROL


Deviations from this specification are only acceptable where the MANUFACTURER has listed in his
quotation the requirements he cannot, nor does not wish to comply with, and the
COMPANY/CONTRACTOR has accepted in writing the deviations before the order is placed.
In the absence of a list of deviations, it will be assumed that the MANUFACTURER complies fully
with this specification.
Any technical deviations to the Purchase Order and its attachments including, but not limited to, the
Specification/Drawing Sheets and Narrative Specifications shall be sought by the VENDOR only
through CONCESSION REQUEST format. CONCESSION REQUESTS require CONRACTOR‟S
and COMPANY‟S review/approval, prior to the proposed technical changes being implemented.
Technical changes implemented prior to COMPANY approval are subject to rejection.

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6. QUALITY ASSURANCE/QUALITY CONTROL


CONTRACTOR‟S Quality System shall fully satisfy all the elements of ISO 9001, “Quality
Management Systems – Requirements” and ISO 9004 “Quality Management Systems – Guidelines
for Performance Improvements”.
To ensure that all work is being performed consistently and accurately and to the requirements of
the Project Specifications, the CONTRACTOR shall have in effect at all times, a QA program, which
clearly establishes the authority and responsibilities of those responsible for the quality system.
Persons performing quality functions shall have sufficient and well-defined authority to enforce
quality requirements that they initiate or identify and to recommend and provide solutions for quality
problems and thereafter verify the effectiveness of the corrective action.
Quality Systems and Quality Control requirements shall be identified and included in the
CONTRACTOR‟S Purchase documentation. Based on these requirements the VENDOR will
develop a QA/QC program which shall be submitted to the CONTRACTOR for review and
concurrence. The CONTRACTOR‟S QA/QC program shall extend to SUBCONTRACTORS and /
or SUBSUPPLIERS.
COMPANY / CONTRACTOR reserves the right to inspect materials and workmanship standards at
all stages of manufacture and to witness any or all tests. The VENDOR / SUPPLIER, 30 days after
award but prior to the pre-inspection meeting, shall provide the CONTRACTOR with a copy of its
Manufacturing and Inspection Plan for review and inclusion of any mandatory COMPANY/
CONTRACTOR‟S witness or hold points.

7. DOCUMENTATION
VENDOR shall submit the type and quantity of drawings and documentation for CONTRACTOR‟S
authorization or information as listed in the individual Material Requisitions and Purchase Orders.
Mutual agreement on scheduled submittal of drawings and engineering data shall be an integral part
of any formal Purchase Order.
Comments made by CONTRACTOR on drawing submittal shall not relieve VENDOR or
SUBVENDORS of any responsibility in meeting the requirements of the specifications. Such
comments shall not be construed as permission to deviate from requirements of the Purchase
Order unless specific and mutual agreement is reached and confirmed in writing.
 For slide bearing assemblies all „type test‟ certification shall be furnished to CONTRACTOR
 In case of prefabricated Teflon plates Peel-off test certificates shall be furnished in accordance
with BS EN ISO 9001.
Each drawing shall be provided with a title block in the bottom right-hand corner incorporating the
following information:
 Official trade name of the COMPANY
 VENDOR‟S drawing number.
 Drawing title giving the description of contents whereby the drawing can be identified.
 A symbol or letter indicating the latest issue or revision.
 Purchase Order number and item tag numbers.
Revisions to drawing shall be identified with symbols adjacent to the alterations, a brief description
in tabular form of each revision shall be given, and if applicable, the authority and date of the
revision shall be listed. The term "Latest Revision" shall not be used.

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8. SUBCONTRACTORS/SUBVENDORS
The VENDOR shall assume unit responsibility and overall guarantee for the pipe supports and
assemblies. The VENDOR shall transmit all relevant purchase order documents including
specifications to his SUBVENDORS and SUBCONTRACTORS.
It is the VENDOR‟S responsibility to enforce all Purchase Order documents including specifications
to his SUBVENDORS and SUBCONTRACTORS.
The VENDOR shall submit all relevant SUBVENDOR and SUBCONTRACTOR drawings and
engineering data to the CONTRACTOR.
The VENDOR shall obtain and transmit all SUBVENDOR and SUBCONTRACTOR warranties to the
CONTRACTOR/COMPANY, in addition to the system warranty.

9. HANDLING

9.1 Packaging and Shipping


Preparation for shipment shall be in accordance with DGS 6710-001, VENDOR standards and as
noted herein. VENDOR shall be solely responsible for the adequacy of the preparation for shipment
provisions with respect to materials and application, and to provide the pipe supports and
assemblies at the destination in ex-works condition when handled by commercial carriers.
Adequate protection shall be provided to prevent mechanical damage and atmospheric corrosion in
transit and at the job site.
Preparation for shipment and packing shall be subject to inspection and rejection by COMPANY‟S /
CONTRACTOR‟S inspectors. All costs occasioned by such rejection shall be to the account of the
VENDOR.

9.1.1 Assembly of Materials


Each assembly of spring hangers, rod hangers and miscellaneous supports (made up of two or
more components) shall be completely preassembled (each with its respective bolts, nuts, lugs,
turnbuckles, clevises, etc) and packaged as an individual unit, except for size NPS 12 and larger
pipe clamps. These may be reversed and securely wired or banded each to its corresponding rod to
allow for bundling or boxing. All items shall be preassembled without any loose pieces.
Single items such as pipe shoes may be properly boxed and/or crated and shipped as bulk items.

9.1.2 Tagging and Boxing


Each assembly shall be identified with its own tag assembly number, as indicated on the
specification drawing sheet.
A copy of the CONTRACTOR‟S specification drawing or fabrication and installation drawing and the
MANUFACTURER‟S installation instructions, which is to include a copy of the bill of materials, in
addition to the standard packing list, shall be inserted in a sealed plastic envelope and securely
attached to its respective assembly.
All components required for completion of any assembly must be shipped together in the same
package/crate by the VENDOR. Each package/crate shall have a packing list attached to the
outside. Partial component shipment of an assembly will not be acceptable; however, partial
shipment of completed assemblies, on a large order is acceptable and encouraged.
Where practical, material shall be palletized with a gross weight not to exceed 1000 kg.

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9.2 Preservation and Storage


Preservation shall be in accordance with DGS 6710-001. Pipe support elements, shall be protected
to withstand ocean transit and extended period of storage at the jobsite for a minimum period of 18
months. Support elements shall be protected against all adverse environments, such as: humidity,
moisture, rain dust, dirt, sand, mud, salt air, salt spray, and sea water.

10. GENERAL DESIGN

10.1 General Requirements


Pipe supports shall be designed, manufactured, fabricated, inspected and installed in accordance
with Codes and Standards listed in Section 2.0. Supports shall be standardized as far as possible
and bear an identification number. For special supports, identification numbers shall include the unit
and/or area number.
Special pipe support identification numbers shall be shown clearly on the Project Piping Plan
Drawings. For standard pipe supports only the symbol shall be shown.
Where COMPANY specifications/Standards do not cover specific support details, CONTRACTOR
shall submit Design of the same for COMPANY Review/Approval. A CONTRACTOR‟s Pipe
Support Specification/Standard, which incorporates the general requirements of this DGS and the
related Pipe Support Drawings, STD 1381-010 and its addendums, shall be used for the Project,
after COMPANY review and approval.
Piping shall be supported, anchored or guided to prevent line deflection, vibration expansion and/or
contraction which could result in stresses in excess of those permitted by applicable ANSI/ASME
Codes. Each support assembly, including the spring supports, shall be designed to support the
hydrostatic test load, except for off-plot flare headers of diameter greater than NPS 48.
Supporting of pipes is an integral part of piping design. If a 3D-CAD model is made, all supports
shall be modeled.
Pipe supports shall be designed so that access is provided for operation and maintenance.
For support design of plastic piping, the installation instructions of the supplier shall be followed.
Galvanized supports shall not be used on austenitic stainless steel, duplex stainless steel; nickel
alloy and 9% nickel steel piping.
Individual pipes can be suspended by hanger supports. Hanger supports shall not be used in
systems with two-phase flow or where excessive vibration may be expected (e.g. near reciprocating
compressors). Suspending a pipe from another pipe should be avoided.
The clearance between the insulation and the supporting structure shall be minimum 50 mm.
(excluding displacements during operation)
Mechanical devices such as snubbers, sway braces and sway struts shall be:
 Designed with 50% decreased allowable material stresses when subjected to vibration;
 Designed to withstand the specified loads without buckling, and provided with self-aligning
spherical ball bushings at both ends of the assembly, permitting a minimum of 10 degrees
rotation in any plane
 Furnished in such a way that an adjustable specified length of plus/minus 40 mm is possible,
and fitted with a secure locking device.
The length of pipe shoes shall be sufficient to prevent pipes moving off their supports when
subjected to thermal expansion or contraction.
Base supports shall have welded end plates.

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Smaller bore piping, unable to span 8 meters in the pipe racks can be supported from larger piping
if applicable. Gusset supports shall be applied to all branches 2” and smaller where the piping
system will be subject to vibrations from the mechanical equipment or due to the process conditions.
The Gusset supports shall be 90° to each other.
No temporary supports shall be used for hydrotest loads. Permanent supports shall be installed to
sustain hydrotest loads.
Temporary supports shall be clearly identified and documented to ensure their correct removal.
The supports for the sloping lines shall be designed based on the process requirements and shall
be clearly identified and documented.
The support should be designed to withstand the stresses at various operating scenarios and at the
surge conditions of the pipeline under all the feasible options.
All sliding supports shall be designed to permit free sliding movement in spite of accumulated dust.
Additionally preventive measure (shields) to be incorporated to alleviate the dust ingress.

10.2 Allowable Stresses


Stress on all components shall be within the limits set by the applicable codes listed in Section 2.0
of this specification.
Sufficient weld area shall be provided for the shoe type supports so that the welds prescribed on the
support drawings are in accordance with the applicable codes listed in Section 2.0.
All piping loads imposed both on steel and paving, which are greater than those stated on the
standard pipe support drawings shall be submitted to the Civil/Structural group and a new supports
shall be designed and submitted to COMPANY review / approval.
In the event that there is a conflict between codes and/or specifications, the more stringent shall be
used for design.
Back-up calculations demonstrating compliance to stress limitations on engineered components
shall be made available to COMPANY for review. Appropriate stress intensities and the basis for
using particular intensities shall be part of the calculation.

10.3 Materials
Selection of material for the support and its component shall be governed by the design temperature
of the line and the applicable codes listed in Section 2.0 of this specification unless specific
materials are indicated on the specification drawing and/or the fabrication and installation drawing.
All support material welded directly to the pipe shall be of the same material as the pipe itself. The
welded support or pads shall be stress relieved as per service and code requirements.
Pipe stanchions, pipe dummies and trunnions shall be made from the same type of material as the
connecting pipe. Welding of supports on piping shall require specific approval of COMPANY.

10.4 Welding
Welding procedures shall be submitted to the COMPANY for approval.
Load carrying welds shall be sized in accordance with PFI ES-26, Welded Load Bearing
Attachments to Pressure Retaining Piping Materials, and other applicable Codes and Standards
listed in Section 2.0 of this specification.
Weld-on support attachments, such as cradles or pipe stanchions, pipe dummies, trunnions and
lugs shall not be attached to tees, reducers and elbows.
Where stress analysis permits, pipe stanchions, pipe dummies and lugs may be attached to elbows.
All pipe support welded directly onto the pipe shall be with continuous weld to prevent crevice
corrosion at weld point. Where the supports are welded through pads then the support to pads and
pads to run pipes are also welded with continuous welding. Tack or intermittent welds are not
acceptable.

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Supports to piping in temperature cycling service shall be welded through pads only and not directly
to run pipes.
Field welding for pipe support purposes shall not be performed on the following pipe materials:
 Materials requiring post weld heat treatment
 Lined carbon steel
 Non-ferrous materials
 Galvanized Carbon steel
For pipes requiring post-weld heat treatment, attachments required for supporting purposes shall be
indicated on piping drawings, and welding shall be executed at the pipe shop before post-weld heat
treatment.

10.5 Element Identification and Dimensions


Each assembly shall be packaged as a unit and identified with its own tag assembly number as
shown on its specification drawing and/or fabrication and installation drawing. Tags shall be
stainless steel having a minimum thickness of 0.38 mm (28 gauge) and shall be securely attached
to each item.
Items which cannot be tagged by the above method, e.g., pipe shoes and guides, must be marked
on the surface on the item in such a way that field painting will not cause the markings to be
obscured or obliterated.
Spring hangers and spring supports shall have a stainless steel metallic nameplate tag having a
minimum thickness of 0.38 mm (28 gauge) permanently attached to the spring housing by means of
four stainless steel fasteners. This tag shall contain but not be limited to the following data, all of
which shall be clearly visible from a distance of 3 meters.
a. Spring scale including: load versus deflection N/mm, at 1 cm intervals
b. Tag assembly number
c. Hot load setting (N, operating) clearly marked by a raised element such as a rivet, punched “H”
letter painted red
d. Cold load setting (N, installed) clearly marked by a raised element such as a rivet, punched “C
letter” painted white.
e. Spring type, size and serial or figure number.
f. MANUFACTURER‟S name and address
g. Manufacturing date
h. Movement (mm) and direction (up or down)
i. Spring Rate (N/mm)
Fabrication and installation dimensions shall be per the Specification Drawing Sheet and in SI units
as primary units.
Lugs or brackets used to support the hanger must be oriented to allow proper positioning of the
spring scale as noted on the Specification Drawing.
Base type spring supports shall be furnished with load flanges, extended load columns, and slotted
holes in the base support plate.
Turnbuckles on rod hanger assemblies shall be equipped with lock nuts on top and bottom to
prevent turning after field adjustment. Exposed threads of rods at turnbuckles shall be coated with a
suitable antisiege compound (MoS2) for easy adjustment in the future.
The maximum variability for variable springs between installed and operating conditions shall be
limited to 25 percent as specified by MSS-SP58.

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10.6 Installation and Operation


Maximum deviation from spring rate for variable spring hangers as published in VENDOR‟S
Catalogue must not exceed ten percent (10%) on either the heavy or the light side.
Variable and constant spring hangers shall be calibrated and tested so that the marked operating
load is within two percent (2%) of the load shown on the hanger drawing after the prescribed
movement.
Tie rods shall be locked in their proper position before testing, and re-adjusted as necessary after
testing in accordance with the installation instructions.
Constant spring hangers must have a field load adjustment of at least 10% on either side of the
operating hot load setting.
Hanger assemblies shall be capable of deflecting 4° minimum from vertical position between pivot
points with no appreciable effect of the operational function of the assembly.
Travel stops shall be supplied with each spring hanger assembly. The travel stops, pre-setting the
spring at the installation load, shall restrict both upward and downward movement; however, the
hydrotest stops shall not restrict the adjustment of the spring assembly while the stops are in place.
These stops are to have a red warning tag. This tag shall have a warning note, as taken from the
Specification Drawing, indicating when the stops are to be removed.
Travel stops must be securely linked to the spring housing when they are not in use. Attachments
must be designed so that the stops are not easily discarded. A light chain welded to the hanger
housing and travel stop is recommended. Securing stops with a wire is not permissible.
Spring support assembly shall be designed to withstand the static load of the hydrostatic test. A
limit stop device shall be provided for hydrotest purpose when specified in the spring schedule (if not
initially on the support).
Beams supplied by the VENDOR in spring hanger assemblies shall be designed so there is a
maximum of one and a half millimeters (1.5 mm) deflection for the maximum load indicated on the
Specification Drawing Sheet.
Spring hanger assemblies and engineered rod hangers do not include weights or riser clamps,
spring housing, rods, pipe clamps or connecting beams in the design loads shown on the
specification drawing sheets. VENDOR shall adjust calculated loads to accommodate these
additional weights. This new calculated load shall be indicated on the VENDOR‟S bill of materials.
All components must be compatible for assembly and erection without field modifications.
Modifications required in the field due to non compliance for correct fit up shall be grounds for back
charges.
Where bands are used to retain travel stops, the band shall be made of steel and located in a
position that does not obscure the load markers.

10.7 Pipe Guides


Expansion Loop Guides on two-phase flow process lines and flare lines shall be of the hold-down
type. Welded guides to the galvanized steel structures such as pipe racks shall be in accordance
with DGS 1300-175, section 13. Coating product shall be approved by COMPANY.
CONTRACTOR shall ensure guides in pipe systems with clamped cradles or pipe shoes guide the
pipe instead of the cradle or pipe shoe. If guiding of clamped cradles or pipe shoes is unavoidable,
precautions shall be taken to prevent rotation of the cradles or pipe shoes.
Pipe Stanchions, pipe dummies and trunnions shall have welded end plates. Before the end plates
are welded, the inside of the pipe stanchions, pipe dummies and trunnions shall be spray painted.
Pipe Stanchions shall not be used as a sliding support.

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10.8 Pipe Clamps


Alloy steel pipe clamps shall be used for lines operating above 400C, for lines operating between -
15C to -45C killed steel shall be used, for lines operating below -45°C stainless steel shall be
used.
For Cold Supports, where the pipe clamps are on the outside of the insulation and do not come in
contact with the pipe itself, then a galvanized carbon steel pipe clamp is acceptable. A barrier is to
be inserted between galvanized carbon steel clamps and stainless steel cladding.
In order to reduce the construction time and avoid rework to the mismatches between locations of
the pipe supports and concrete or steel structure bases, COMPANY would accept the use of clamp
type supports instead of welded supports. It is the responsibility of the CONTRACTOR to comply
with the design and installation requirements to ensure the avoidance of loosening or rotation of
clamps and corrosion from the water ingress and accumulation. The non-metallic liner materials
used at the bearing surface of the clamp supports shall be glued to the clamps.
Where U-type clamp supports are used, CONTRACTOR shall use „not to grip‟ (NTG) type U –type
supports for pipes that can move due to temperature swings. The U clamps bolts shall be of 8 mm
diameter (minimum).
Where grip type U clamps are used, they shall have a cover with poly-olefin sheath. However, clamp
supports shall not be considered in the following cases.
 Line stops and anchors
 Where condensation on pipe external surface is possible.
 Where earthing connections are required.
All contact areas shall be designed or arranged so that there is no electrolysis or galvanic action.
All clamp halves shall be formed from continuous plate. Calculations shall be required for
deviations and submitted for review. All welds must be 100 percent radiographed.

10.9 Large Pipe Diameters


Saddle-type supports with pads shall be provided for NPS 26 and larger.
Non-insulated pipes should rest directly on the supporting steel, except for the following which
should be supported on pipe shoes to avoid damaging the pipe wall:
 Pipes with sizes larger than DN 600
 Carbon steel pipes with a wall thickness less than Schedule 20
 Stainless steel pipes with a wall thickness less than Schedule 10S

10.10 Teflon Slide Plates


The upper slide plate shall be 3 mm thick, 304L stainless steel (square or rectangular) attached to a
structural member which completely covers the Teflon at all times to eliminate the possibility of cold
flow, ridging, or damaging to the Teflon surface.
The finish on the upper stainless steel plate shall be per ASTM A 240 “Number 2B” finish.
The lower slide plate shall be a 5 mm thick Teflon slide surface (square or rectangular) not bonded
but encased to a carbon steel lower plate (square or rectangular) which will be stitch welded to the
structural steel support. The lower carbon steel plate shall be at least 20 mm larger on all sides than
the Teflon slide surface. Height of Teflon and carbon steel plate shall be 8 mm.
Teflon shall withstand a design temperature of at least 204C, a minimum design loading of 3.45
N/mm2 and a static coefficient of friction less than 0.10.

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Provisions shall be made to ensure that the upper stainless steel plate and the Teflon surface are
not painted.
In case the bearing temperature exceeds the allowable temperature as recommended by the
supplier then a thermal insulator should be fitted between the structure and bearing back plate.
The Teflon slide plates shall be bought along with the Bearing Back plate from approved suppliers
and no “Site Bonding” shall be allowed.
Stitch welding of the bearing back plate should be sequenced in such a way that the Heat Affected
Zone (HAZ) does not affect the “Teflon” plate embedded into it.

10.11 Corrosion Control


All spring hanger components and spring supports, with the exception of the spring coil, alloy or
stainless steel shall be galvanized. Galvanizing shall be in accordance with DGS 1300-175
Spring coils shall be either neoprene coated with a minimum thickness of 0.15mm or coated with an
alternative product offering as good or better corrosion protection.
Galvanized spring hanger housings shall not be welded after the coil has been installed.
Retainers for the coil shall be of a bolted or split ring type construction to avoid burning the housing.
CONTRACTOR shall ensure the installation of composite GRE wear pad or equivalent, below the
critical non-insulated pipes) other than that covered under Section 10.9 of this DGS or on the
supporting steel surface. This is to avoid the metal to metal contact in view of the crevice corrosion
and the paint damage in the long straight runs of the pipes.

10.12 Supports for Insulated Lines


Insulated pipes shall not rest directly on their insulation but pipe shoes shall be applied. The
clearance between the insulation and the supporting structure shall be at least 50 mm.
Pipe supports for cold-insulated pipes shall be clamped to the outer surface of the insulation system
in order to avoid the ingress of moisture in the insulation.

10.13 Equipment and Maintenance Considerations


 The first support local to critical equipment nozzles shall be adjustable.
 Platforms used for piping which has spades & spacers or spec blinds shall be designed for
supporting the additional piping load once the flanges are broken. No extra permanent pipe
supports will be provided at these locations.
 On large turbines where excessive force, vibration, and/or where differential settlement can
occur, foundations for supports must be integral with the equipment foundation.
 Adjustable hangers shall be used in preference to non-adjustable hangers where the support
is:-
 Local to a rotating equipment nozzle (one of the first two supports)
 The first support local to a column or vessel
 Supports shall be provided either side of removable spools, control valves, blinds/spacers and
other removable piping items to enable easier maintenance of the piping system.

11. PAINTING
The CONTRACTOR shall perform surface preparation and priming only, in accordance with DGS
6600-010-A.
All cut square edges shall be machined to ensure good painting.

DGS 1300-070 REV 1


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12. TESTING
Special engineered pipe supports (non-standard supports) which require welding for assembly, shall
have a random 5% of all welds radio graphed. Spring assemblies (variable and constant) are
standard catalogued items are not non-standard supports.
All components of springs and hangers shall be visually inspected as per the requirements of MSS
SP-58 and MSS SP-69.
Each constant support hanger assembly shall be individually calibrated prior to shipment, to support
the specified loads stated on the spring hanger data sheets. The calibration records shall be
forwarded to the CONTRACTOR.
All alloy springs shall shot peened and examined by magnetic particle.
The spring rate tolerance shall be tested within plus or minus 5 %. Each spring coil shall be tested
for free height, spring rate and loaded height. These testing records and C.M.T.R for the raw spring
coil material shall be forwarded to the CONTRACTOR.

DGS 1300-070 REV 1