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Semasiology

Semasiology (from Greek: σημασία, semasia, "signification") is a discipline of linguistics concerned with the question "what does
the word X mean?". It studies the meaning of words regardless how they are pronounced.[1] It is the opposite of onomasiology, a
branch of lexicology that starts with a concept or object and asks for its name, i.e., "how do you express X?" whereas semasiology
starts with a word and asks for its meanings.

The exact meaning of semasiology is somewhat obscure. It is often used as a synonym of semantics (the study of the meaning of
words, phrases, and longer forms of expression).[2] However, semasiology is also sometimes considered part of lexical semantics, a
narrow subfield of lexicology (the study of words) and semantics.

The term was first used in German by Christian Karl Reisig in 1825 in his work, [Lectures on Latin Linguistics] (German:
Vorlesungen über lateinische Sprachwissenschaft), and was used in English by 1847. Semantics replaced it in its original meaning,
beginning in 1893.

See also
Onomasiology
Semasiography

References
1. Словарь литературных терминов, семасиология (ru. Dictionary of literary terms, semasiology)(http://feb-web.ru/f
eb/slt/abc/lt2/lt2-7632.htm)
2. Semasiologia, Culture at Vologda region (https://archive.is/20070108095538/http://www
.cultinfo.ru/fulltext/1/001/008/
101/067.htm)

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