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BDA 24103

CASE STUDY

“UTHM STUDENT LIFESTYLE”

SECTION 4

Group members :

MOHAMAD SAIFUL AZRIE BIN NAZRI CD 160110

LINESH A/L RAVICHANDRAN AD 170261

ERIC KING TECK WEE CD 170074

1.0 Abstract

A healthy lifestyle is key to human well-being. Healthy people can certainly play an

active role in the development of religion, nation and country. World Health Organization

(WHO, 1948) defines a healthy lifestyle as a physical, mental and social health, sensational,

intelligent and free from any disease based on social and community conditions. This definition

emphasizes that healthy lifestyle status is characterized by healthy, functional, active and

physically and mentally and socially healthy factors, and is not threatened by any illness that

can be harmful to the human being. Health is one of the main focuses. The study is about

Healthy Living Practices. The study was conducted at University Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia

where this study aims to collect data or information about their lifestyle from the aspects of

nutrition to exercise and to determine patterns or lifestyle patterns. The number of participants

studied was 40 students. The research method that we used is questionnaires and the

questionnaire for data collection of participant information of collecting procedure using

google form. The findings of the research are being held by observation and questionnaires. To

anyone who read this research, they are able to generate ideas and get the value of the reference.

Hopefully, this study will be used to determine the health status of the community at large

2.0 Introduction

though the private sector provides a healthy, active, prosperous and free-of-life diseases

through sedentary lifestyles. The effectiveness of the campaign in improving health among

Malaysians, however, can be doubtful. The four core components on healthy lifestyle is set :

(1) enhancing knowledge and nutrition; (2) enhancing stress management knowledge and

practice; (3) enhancing anti-smoking knowledge and practices; and (4) enhancing leisure

knowledge and practice. So that, our main target of this research is focus to UTHM students.

To prevent this problem among the students, ensuring the student’s lifestyle has been of priority

to the university health clinic. This research of the project is timely in delivering the initial

implications of finding the best way to prevent this problem in campus.

Various efforts have been made to enhance knowledge and practice among nutrition

and sports students as well as recreational practices. Unfortunately, in daily life, this knowledge

is less practiced. We believe the consumption and nutrition among UTHM students are still

weak among although they are good basically have a broad knowledge base on eating and

health. The lack of or neglect of nutritional aspects due to the "take it easy" situation students

on nutritional and due to lack of time on classes also is the main reason why they did not keep

their body in a healthy lifestyle way. We are concerned about their lifestyle and need to identify

the problem from the data we get to countermeasure. We organize the survey among the UTHM

students themselves to gain sample data for our research calculation and discussion.

We had to apply at least two basics of statistical analysis that we had learned in this

semester's statistical course in our research. Next, we use the statistical chapter's probability

distribution and estimation to support our data calculations. In addition, we focus the scope by

taking some of the Faculty members of Mechanical Engineering and Manufacturing (FKMP)

students to represent all UTHM students as we believe all of UTHM students have the same

lifestyle as a student. If we are going to get the data from all of the students, it's going to be

really hard about getting the data on their healthy lifestyle as it's going to waste a lot of time

and energy to justifying the data. By applying statistical data analysis, we expect we are able

to predict the probability and the data for the problems.

3.0 Methodology

In this projects, there are few method that we use to get the data on our research :

The method we used is to collect data using Google Form platform and distributed the

forms via link on social application such as WhatsApp and Facebook application.

The study location was in University Tun Hussein Onn and the respondents was

students (FKMP Students).

A total number of 40 students data been recorded.

Data forms was carefully labelled and organized. Data was reviewed after the survey

for unusual pattern and its accuracy. The data is then followed up with presentation and

analysis.

The question we asked regarding daily routine such as “How often do you exercise in

a week”, “How many hours do sleep in a day” and “How many meals do you consume

per day”.

4.0 Result of analysis

No of students

Table 4.1

No of students

Table 4.2

No of students

Table 4.3

For the part of how often do you exercise in a week, we can calculate sample mean and

sample standard deviation as shown below where students who exercise more than 3

and less than 3 is 18 and 22 students respectively with sample size of 2.We need to

construct a 95% confidence interval for the population mean, we need to find the

probability at least 21 students exercise .

Sample mean, x= xn

= 18+222

= 20

= 2.8284

=1-0.95=0.05

xz/2(s/n)

201.96(2.8284/40)

200.8765

Thus, based on sample data, a range of sample mean of students exercising in a week

is between 19.1235 and 20.8765.

x==20

x= /n=2.8284/40=0.44721

xN(20,0.447212)

P(x21)= P(Z21-200.44721)

= P(Z2.24)

= 0.01255

For the part of how many hours do you sleep, we can calculate sample mean and sample

standard deviation as shown below where students who sleeps more than 8 hours per

day and less than 8 hours per day is 7 and 33 students respectively with sample size of

2. We need to construct a 95% confidence interval for the population mean, we need to

find the probability more than 15 students sleeps less than 8 hours in a day

Sample mean, x= xn

= 7+332

= 20

= 18.385

=1-0.95=0.05

xz/2(s/n)

201.96(18.385/40)

202.9069

Thus, based on sample data,a range of sample mean of student sleeps less than 8

hours in a day is between 17.0931 and 22.9069.

The probability more than 15 students sleeps less than 8 hours in a day as shown

below :

x=20

x= /n=18.385/40=2.9069

xN(20,2.90692)

P(x>15)= P(Z>15-202.9069)

= P(Z>-1.72)

= 1-P(Z>1.72)

= 1- 0.0427

= 0.9573

For the part of how many meal do students consume per day, we can calculate sample

mean and sample standard deviation as shown below where students who eat more than

3 meals a day and less than 3 meals per day is 15 and 25 students respectively with

sample size of 2.We need to construct a 95% confidence interval for the population

mean, we need to find the probability that more than 22 students have less than 3 meals

per day.

Sample mean, x= xn

= 22+252

= 20

= 7.0711

=1-0.95=0.05

xz/2(s/n)

201.96(7.0711/40)

202.1914

Thus, based on sample data, a range of sample mean of students consume less than 3

meals per day is between 17.8086 and 22.1914.

The probability more than 22 students have less than 3 meals per dayas shown below :

x==20

x= /n=7.0711/40=1.11804

xN(20,1.118042)

P(x>22)= P(Z>22-201.11804)

= P(Z>1.79)

= 0.0367

5.0 Discussion

We are given the task to come out with the idea to make any type of questionnaire and

the data that being obtained should be inferential statistic that we learn throughout the course

BDA24103 ENGINEERING STATISTIC. We decide to collect the data on the lifestyle of

student of UTHM by using Google Form as the platform. We collect the data by sharing the

link. We start collect the data during the link being share and stop once the quota is achieve.

consists of 4 type of short question. While conducting the questionnaire, we ensure that it is

easy for everyone to understand the purpose of the question. We successfully conducted the

survey and collected a reasonable result for our data.

From our study of engineering statistic, we have learned total of six chapters. Chapter

1 Random Variable, Chapter 2 Special Probability Distributions, Chapter 3 Sampling

Distribution, Chapter 4 Estimation, Chapter 5 Hypothesis Testing And Lastly Chapter 6 Simple

Linear Regression. For the inferential statistic that we have learned we choose to use Chapter

2 Special Probability Distributions and Chapter 4 Estimation. In statistical analysis we make a

claim that by using the method from both of the chapter we can find the probability and the

mean of the students actually living their life in a healthy way.

We can, therefore, determine whether the sample does or does not support the statement

of students having a healthy lifestyle. Probability and estimation is a procedure based on sample

evidence to determine whether the statement is reasonable.

6.0 Conclusion

To sum up, we know that it is important to have a healthy lifestyle since it give great

impact on our life either emotional or physical. Having a healthy lifestyle means we need to

learn how to take a good care of ourselves and try to prevent ourselves to get sick.

Based on the data we notice that majority of the students exercise less than three times

a week. This can lead to an unhealthy lifestyle in physical state where the lack of exercise can

lead to certain risk such as depression, overweight or obese and other more. It is important to

work out or exercise more than three times a week to prevent our body from getting any risk

of any kind of disease.

Other than that, majority of student also sleep less than 8 hours a day which can lead to

several bad effects in their physical and emotional state such as gaining weight, depressing,

stress and can increased risk of new and advanced respiratory disease. To avoid from getting

all the bad effect student should learn to manage their time and get enough sleep so that they

can wake up with a better and refreshing life.

Lastly, we notice that most of the students consume more than three meals a day. For

the amount of meal eaten in a single day is no very important. We can eat more or less depend

or ourselves. But the important of having meal is get enough calories that a normal person

should have in a single day so that the body will be healthy.

7.0 References

Khor Bean Hwa, Lye Min Soon, Koo Seng Her, Lee Peng Cheng “Ace Ahead STPM

Text Mathematics (T) Statistics Third Term Second Edition” Oxford Fajar Sdn.

Bhd.(008974-T). 2014

MATHEMATICS (T). TERM 3 / Chen Chong Yew, Chin Siew Wui, Khoo Ee Sin,

Khor Seng Chye. Bangi, Selangor : Penerbitan Pelangi Sdn. Bhd., 2016

BDA 24103 Engineering Statistics Second Edition/ Dr.Norzila Binti Che Him, Ass.

Prof. Hjh. Nafisah@Kamariah Binti Md Kamarudin, Mr Kamil Bin Khalid, Dr Mari

Elena Binti Nor, Dr Sabariah Binti Saharan, Pn. Norhaidah Binti Mohd Asrah.

Penerbitan Department of Mathematics & S tatistics Faculty Of Applied Sciences And

Technologies.

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