Panduan Penyelesaian Tugas Individu

Berikut ini adalah panduan bagaimana menyelesaikan tugas individu. Buatlah laporan tugas individu ke1 dengan membuat peta konsep dari bagian tema informasi yang ditugaskan oleh kelompok Anda. Langkah-langkah yang perlu diperhatikan dalam penyelesaian tugas individu adalah: 1. Pelajari panduan tatacara pembuatan peta konsep di bawah ini. 2. Cari dan pelajarilah informasi yang berkaitan dengan tugas yang diberikan oleh kelompok Anda. 3. Mulailah merumuskan kata-kata yang dapat digunakan dalam peta konsep. 4. Buatlah peta konsepnya. 5. Tulislah keterangan tentang peta konsep tersebut. 6. Tulislah daftar acuan yang digunakan untuk menyelesaikan tugas individu ini. 7. Laporan tugas individu ini maksimum dua halaman. 8. Format tugas individu diletakkan di akhir panduan ini.

Concept Mapping (Peta Konsep)

What is concept mapping?
Concept mapping is a technique for representing what you know about a given topic. It is a process of creating a ³visual map´ or ³web´ of your knowledge. Creating a concept map is a good way for you to identify key concepts in lectures and readings. It also allows you to show how different pieces of information relate to one another.

in turn. for the topic "cooperative learning" Jose determined the key concepts to be: y Team Responsibilities y Individual Responsibilities . Build up concepts to elaborate key concepts 3. and the label on the line tells how the two concepts are related. Identify links between concepts Step 1: Determine key concepts related to the topic List all the concepts related to the topic which you consider essential to understanding the topic. Concepts are sets of specific objects. As you can see. Determine key concepts related to the topic 2. solid. For example. Nodes correspond to the concepts or important terms related to your study/ research topic. most concepts do not exist in isolation but rather as part of a set of related concepts. which are. and communicate your studies and research. or events that share common characteristics. Therefore. a concept map is a set of relationships among other concepts. The meaning of each concept is determined by its relation to other concepts. and gas. The meaning of a concept is determined by a list of its properties. Nodes correspond to the concepts or important terms related to your studies of a topic. The relationship of each concept to other concepts determines its meaning. solid. such as liquid. the concept ³water´ can be defined by other concepts. For example.Now that you know what a concept map is and all the components. the concept ³water´ can be defined by other concepts. such as liquid. other concepts. For example. and gas. How to Develop a Concept Map Remember. It helps you to organize. symbols. Actually. the line between a pair of concepts denotes a relationship. The process of concept mapping involves three major steps: 1. let's see how you would create one for yourself. a concept map is a visual representation of what you know about a topic. Labeled links identify the type of relationship.concept maps are visual representations of what we know about a topic and consist of nodes and labeled links. analyze.

In fact. you may need to expand a map by establishing sub-concepts. Links may connect to. which explain the key concept? Step 3: Identify links between concepts. Ask yourself the question: What are the important concepts. terms. o Interlink existing concepts as much as possible. you then expand on those concepts. Trying to establish links helps you focus on which concepts are most important in order to understand a topic and identify areas within a map that you might need to work on a little more. or you may even need to eliminate concepts that turn out to be unimportant for a particular topic. contain. is contained in. or be related to. etc. y Why is linking important? By establishing links between concepts you are able to see the ³big picture´ and gain a deeper understanding of a topic. y Principles about Linking o Indicate the exact nature of the relationship: It is important that your link labels fully describe the relationship between the two concepts. ideas. has example. For example.´ Labels should indicate the exact nature of the relationship. Here are the most common words used in link labels: Inclusion Links Subset: is included in. This means making the labels more than simply ³relates to´ or ³is connected to.y y y y Characteristics Roles Basic Elements Expected Behaviors Step 2: Build up concepts to elaborate key concepts After defining the key concepts. has part of Characteristic Links has characteristic/is characteristic of has attribute/is attribute of has type/is type of Action Links Function: cause/is caused by function as/is used for Operation: act on/is acted on by generate/is generated by regulate/is regulated by determine/is determined by . more than one concept ± be sure to link all related concepts together. consist of. This is called linking ± basically explaining the connection between two separate parts of your concept map. is example of. It is important to show how or why certain concepts relate to one another. facts. your goal is to attempt to link every concept in your concept map to every other. is part of Superset: include.

are hierarchical links established? Likewise. are causal links established if the map is causal? o Preciseness of link labels. also referred to as links. Are major and minor concepts represented as such? Is greater weight given to more important concepts? 2. include: o Accuracy of concepts. Are links established in the most economical way possible. Does the concept map reflect the breadth of the content domain? A concept map with a greater number of nodes reflects greater breadth. without becoming too general in nature? . Criteria for assessing relations.Process Links Temporal Links Similarity Links increase/is increased by has process/is process in has input/is input to has output/is output of precede follow has step/is step in is similar to is like is opposite to Assessment of a concept mapping 1. o Relative importance of concepts. Is the learner¶s perception of the content domain accurate? Are the concepts correctly labeled? o Breadth of concepts. Are the labels used to describe the exact nature of the relationship? o Economical use of links. o Depth of concepts. Does the concept map reflect the depth of the content domain? The depth of the map is measured by the number of levels of concepts. Are the relationships established between concepts or nodes valid? If the map is hierarchical. include: o Validity of links. also referred to as nodes. Criteria for assessing concepts.

maksimum 2 halaman) Kelas Matakuliah / Dosen Kelompok Nama Mahasiswa Tema Tugas Individu : : : : «««««««««««««. 3. «««««««««««««««««««««««««««.Format laporan tugas individu (Keseluruhan laporan. Daftar acuan: daftarkan semua acuan yang digunakan untuk menyelesaikan tugas ini. Gambar Peta Konsep yang dibuat. . 1. Penjabaran peta konsep: tuliskan penjelasan/ keterangan dan informasi yang ingin disampaikan dalam peta konsep tersebut untuk menyelesaikan tuga individu ini. / ««««««««««««« ««««««««« «««««««««««««. 2.

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